National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Comparison of the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 Model-Based Substate Estimates

NOTE: The methodology used to conduct significance testing for substate estimates between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs and to calculate p values is provided after Table 26.

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Table 1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 8.61a (8.39 - 8.83) 8.90 (8.68 - 9.12) 0.022
Northeast 9.24 (8.82 - 9.67) 9.44 (9.00 - 9.90) 0.381
Midwest 7.95a (7.65 - 8.26) 8.49 (8.16 - 8.83) 0.001
South 7.58 (7.30 - 7.87) 7.64 (7.33 - 7.95) 0.733
West 10.35b   (9.87 - 10.86) 10.86 (10.37 - 11.37) 0.071
Alabama 7.06 (6.04 - 8.24) 7.60 (6.53 - 8.83) 0.281
Region 1 6.38 (4.95 - 8.19) 7.05 (5.53 - 8.95) 0.323
Region 2 7.93 (6.30 - 9.94) 8.71   (7.05 - 10.71) 0.324
Region 3 7.62a (5.87 - 9.84) 6.33 (4.87 - 8.19) 0.044
Region 4 6.20a (4.72 - 8.12) 7.70 (6.14 - 9.63) 0.025
Alaska 13.60 (11.82 - 15.60) 14.01 (12.25 - 15.98) 0.659
Anchorage 13.60 (11.39 - 16.17) 14.64 (12.44 - 17.14) 0.352
Northern 14.50 (11.41 - 18.26) 14.56 (11.85 - 17.76) 0.969
South Central 13.08 (10.14 - 16.72) 12.72 (10.04 - 15.99) 0.785
Southeast 13.03   (9.66 - 17.36) 13.65 (10.72 - 17.23) 0.664
Arizona 9.63   (8.28 - 11.17) 9.58   (8.20 - 11.16) 0.940
Maricopa 8.93   (7.38 - 10.78) 9.58   (8.02 - 11.41) 0.415
Pima 11.70   (8.85 - 15.31) 10.74   (8.34 - 13.73) 0.358
Rural North 11.97a   (8.93 - 15.85) 9.71   (7.45 - 12.58) 0.042
Rural South 8.28   (6.04 - 11.26) 8.12   (5.95 - 11.00) 0.837
Arkansas 7.78 (6.70 - 9.02) 7.42 (6.33 - 8.68) 0.461
Catchment Area 1 7.86   (5.87 - 10.45) 7.91   (6.12 - 10.16) 0.952
Catchment Area 2 6.93 (5.01 - 9.51) 6.59 (4.79 - 9.00) 0.636
Catchment Area 3 7.72   (5.83 - 10.17) 6.64 (4.99 - 8.79) 0.124
Catchment Area 4 6.72 (4.72 - 9.47) 7.31 (5.39 - 9.84) 0.460
Catchment Area 5 8.14   (6.31 - 10.45) 6.90 (5.21 - 9.10) 0.103
Catchment Area 6 8.16   (5.91 - 11.16) 7.67   (5.69 - 10.26) 0.541
Catchment Area 7 7.07 (5.00 - 9.90) 6.08 (4.38 - 8.39) 0.162
Catchment Area 8 8.67   (6.70 - 11.16) 8.96   (7.09 - 11.27) 0.727
California 10.25   (9.51 - 11.04) 10.72   (9.97 - 11.51) 0.264
Region 1R 17.39 (13.59 - 21.98) 16.89 (13.52 - 20.91) 0.743
Region 2R 10.66a   (8.35 - 13.51) 12.88 (10.27 - 16.03) 0.023
Region 3R (Sacramento) 11.73   (9.07 - 15.04) 12.29   (9.81 - 15.28) 0.611
Region 4R 10.00a   (7.62 - 13.01) 12.34   (9.98 - 15.17) 0.025
Region 5R (San Francisco) 17.22 (12.94 - 22.54) 16.83 (13.28 - 21.09) 0.831
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 8.23   (6.24 - 10.78) 7.93   (6.20 - 10.09) 0.701
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 9.85   (7.46 - 12.91) 10.54   (8.29 - 13.32) 0.431
Region 8R (Alameda) 10.98   (8.59 - 13.95) 11.10   (9.00 - 13.62) 0.906
Region 9R (San Mateo) 8.70   (6.44 - 11.67) 8.86   (6.69 - 11.64) 0.854
Region 10 13.17a (10.39 - 16.56) 10.75   (8.49 - 13.53) 0.026
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 9.57   (8.52 - 10.72) 10.17   (9.13 - 11.30) 0.231
LA SPA 1 and 5 11.31   (8.57 - 14.80) 11.54   (9.05 - 14.59) 0.830
LA SPA 2 8.98   (6.95 - 11.52) 9.39   (7.58 - 11.57) 0.642
LA SPA 3 7.92   (6.18 - 10.10) 7.93 (6.35 - 9.87) 0.989
LA SPA 4 10.61   (8.16 - 13.70) 11.68   (9.11 - 14.86) 0.295
LA SPA 6 9.64a   (7.44 - 12.40) 12.18   (9.62 - 15.31) 0.009
LA SPA 7 8.12   (6.26 - 10.46) 8.34   (6.51 - 10.63) 0.760
LA SPA 8 11.46   (8.92 - 14.62) 12.05   (9.82 - 14.69) 0.563
Region 12R 9.22   (6.95 - 12.14) 9.52   (7.15 - 12.57) 0.734
Regions 13 and 19R 10.23   (8.26 - 12.61) 10.34   (8.63 - 12.36) 0.888
Region 13 (Riverside) 10.49   (8.38 - 13.05) 10.53   (8.70 - 12.70) 0.956
Region 19R (Imperial) 6.95 (5.08 - 9.44) 7.93   (5.86 - 10.67) 0.152
Region 14 (Orange) 8.22   (6.68 - 10.08) 9.38   (7.89 - 11.11) 0.135
Region 15R (Fresno) 9.17   (6.88 - 12.12) 9.37   (7.24 - 12.03) 0.816
Region 16R (San Diego) 11.58   (9.60 - 13.91) 11.18   (9.44 - 13.19) 0.646
Region 17R 8.83   (6.96 - 11.14) 9.21   (7.32 - 11.52) 0.631
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 8.49   (6.74 - 10.65) 9.64   (7.89 - 11.74) 0.124
Region 20R 9.44   (7.15 - 12.38) 10.82   (8.51 - 13.66) 0.130
Region 21R 12.63   (9.74 - 16.22) 13.89 (11.12 - 17.21) 0.294
Colorado 13.25 (11.62 - 15.07) 13.85 (12.23 - 15.66) 0.433
Region 1 14.02 (10.90 - 17.87) 12.67 (10.15 - 15.70) 0.238
Regions 2 and 7 14.34 (12.17 - 16.83) 15.45 (13.28 - 17.92) 0.279
Region 3 10.39   (8.09 - 13.24) 11.08   (8.71 - 14.01) 0.468
Region 4 9.99   (7.28 - 13.55) 10.81 (8.03 - 14.40) 0.412
Regions 5 and 6 12.26   (9.13 - 16.26) 12.37   (9.56 - 15.87) 0.923
Connecticut 9.36   (8.10 - 10.80) 9.95   (8.62 - 11.45) 0.341
Eastern 10.76   (8.07 - 14.21) 9.17   (7.14 - 11.71) 0.103
North Central 8.97   (7.18 - 11.16) 9.76   (7.94 - 11.94) 0.323
Northwestern 9.88   (7.59 - 12.77) 9.59   (7.36 - 12.40) 0.747
South Central 10.07b   (7.99 - 12.61) 11.83   (9.62 - 14.46) 0.069
Southwest 7.66   (5.69 - 10.23) 8.71   (6.71 - 11.24) 0.206
Delaware 8.46 (7.31 - 9.78) 8.83   (7.67 - 10.13) 0.513
Kent 8.38   (6.42 - 10.87) 7.89   (6.08 - 10.17) 0.529
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 8.37   (6.96 - 10.03) 9.05   (7.67 - 10.65) 0.333
Sussex 7.14 (5.44 - 9.32) 7.68 (5.99 - 9.78) 0.452
Wilmington City 12.51   (9.43 - 16.41) 12.61   (9.61 - 16.38) 0.933
District of Columbia 11.70a (10.11 - 13.51) 14.12 (12.49 - 15.93) 0.003
Ward 1 11.94a   (9.04 - 15.59) 14.55 (11.31 - 18.51) 0.035
Ward 2 11.75a   (8.89 - 15.38) 14.78 (11.84 - 18.29) 0.018
Ward 3 9.52a   (7.16 - 12.54) 13.24 (10.41 - 16.69) 0.001
Ward 4 10.57b   (7.79 - 14.19) 12.59   (9.74 - 16.13) 0.085
Ward 5 12.25b   (8.99 - 16.48) 14.53 (11.58 - 18.07) 0.097
Ward 6 10.97a   (8.19 - 14.54) 14.47 (11.27 - 18.39) 0.004
Ward 7 13.14 (10.24 - 16.71) 13.21 (10.26 - 16.84) 0.957
Ward 8 14.09 (10.87 - 18.06) 15.68 (12.74 - 19.15) 0.213
Florida 8.39 (7.70 - 9.13) 8.37 (7.71 - 9.08) 0.955
Region A - Northwest 9.57   (8.04 - 11.37) 10.35   (8.94 - 11.94) 0.223
Circuit 1 8.84   (6.83 - 11.37) 9.30   (7.47 - 11.53) 0.583
Circuit 2 10.93b   (8.34 - 14.21) 12.65 (10.20 - 15.59) 0.096
Circuit 14 9.53   (6.90 - 13.02) 9.72   (7.44 - 12.61) 0.839
Region B - Northeast 9.65   (8.28 - 11.22) 9.61   (8.34 - 11.05) 0.953
Circuits 3 and 8 10.30   (7.89 - 13.34) 10.75   (8.64 - 13.30) 0.672
Circuit 4 10.43   (8.31 - 13.03) 10.40   (8.35 - 12.89) 0.975
Circuit 7 8.27   (6.32 - 10.75) 7.87 (6.23 - 9.89) 0.602
Region C - Central 7.89 (6.93 - 8.97) 8.52 (7.59 - 9.55) 0.173
Circuit 5 7.51 (5.77 - 9.71) 7.00 (5.49 - 8.87) 0.465
Circuit 9 7.92a (6.31 - 9.90) 9.81   (8.14 - 11.79) 0.022
Circuit 10 6.93 (5.22 - 9.15) 7.72 (6.19 - 9.59) 0.274
Circuit 18 8.71   (6.83 - 11.06) 9.17   (7.39 - 11.33) 0.574
Circuit 19 8.29   (6.20 - 11.00) 8.11   (6.31 - 10.37) 0.836
Region D - Southeast 7.30 (6.12 - 8.68) 7.21 (6.14 - 8.44) 0.866
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 6.89 (5.19 - 9.10) 7.02 (5.62 - 8.74) 0.858
Circuit 17 (Broward) 7.60 (6.14 - 9.39) 7.35 (6.01 - 8.97) 0.709
Region E - Sun Coast 9.14   (8.01 - 10.41) 8.93   (7.88 - 10.12) 0.706
Circuit 6 8.38   (6.63 - 10.54) 9.72   (7.84 - 12.01) 0.129
Circuit 12 9.90   (7.40 - 13.13) 9.26   (7.34 - 11.62) 0.496
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 9.05   (7.28 - 11.19) 8.28   (6.82 - 10.01) 0.356
Circuit 20 9.66   (7.52 - 12.33) 8.46   (6.63 - 10.74) 0.170
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 7.37a (6.01 - 9.00) 6.21 (5.24 - 7.33) 0.041
Georgia 7.35 (6.29 - 8.58) 7.05 (6.05 - 8.20) 0.536
Region 1 6.42 (4.93 - 8.31) 6.18 (4.86 - 7.82) 0.704
Region 2 6.59 (4.79 - 9.00) 6.31 (4.75 - 8.34) 0.680
Region 3 8.74   (6.85 - 11.07) 8.54   (6.92 - 10.49) 0.817
Region 4 7.31   (5.18 - 10.22) 7.06 (5.27 - 9.40) 0.731
Region 5 7.09 (5.26 - 9.49) 7.09 (5.19 - 9.61) 1.000
Region 6 6.94 (5.14 - 9.30) 6.15 (4.61 - 8.17) 0.240
Hawaii 10.70b   (9.19 - 12.43) 9.13   (7.86 - 10.57) 0.060
Hawaii Island 15.43a (11.74 - 20.02) 10.94   (8.46 - 14.02) 0.002
Honolulu 9.04   (7.48 - 10.87) 8.40 (7.09 - 9.93) 0.473
Kauai and Maui 14.01a (10.82 - 17.95) 10.74   (8.40 - 13.62) 0.011
Kauai 14.40a (10.17 - 20.01) 10.69   (7.70 - 14.65) 0.014
Maui 13.83a (10.11 - 18.64) 10.76   (8.11 - 14.13) 0.032
Idaho 9.20   (8.00 - 10.56) 8.40 (7.22 - 9.75) 0.152
Region 1 10.51a   (7.91 - 13.82) 7.65   (5.78 - 10.06) 0.001
Region 2 10.17   (7.43 - 13.77) 10.32   (7.59 - 13.87) 0.882
Region 3 8.19   (6.22 - 10.70) 8.03   (6.21 - 10.33) 0.836
Region 4 10.72   (8.67 - 13.18) 10.15   (8.26 - 12.42) 0.549
Region 5 8.44a   (6.13 - 11.51) 6.21 (4.69 - 8.17) 0.005
Region 6 8.19   (6.15 - 10.85) 8.85   (6.70 - 11.61) 0.412
Region 7 6.48 (4.82 - 8.65) 6.36 (4.76 - 8.43) 0.846
Illinois 8.06 (7.43 - 8.75) 8.52 (7.87 - 9.23) 0.206
Region I (Cook) 9.69   (8.53 - 11.00) 10.40   (9.31 - 11.61) 0.265
Region II 6.84 (5.98 - 7.80) 7.05 (6.22 - 7.97) 0.637
Region III 7.33 (6.16 - 8.69) 7.83 (6.63 - 9.22) 0.374
Region IV 6.10 (4.89 - 7.59) 5.93 (4.67 - 7.50) 0.747
Region V 7.75 (6.45 - 9.27) 8.18 (6.86 - 9.73) 0.473
Indiana 8.47 (7.35 - 9.75) 8.56 (7.35 - 9.95) 0.866
Central 8.43   (6.55 - 10.79) 8.86   (7.01 - 11.13) 0.599
East 7.99b   (5.89 - 10.77) 9.43   (7.19 - 12.28) 0.093
North Central 8.45   (6.30 - 11.24) 8.72   (6.76 - 11.17) 0.756
Northeast 8.13   (5.97 - 10.96) 7.33 (5.47 - 9.77) 0.305
Northwest 8.31   (6.10 - 11.22) 8.89   (6.79 - 11.57) 0.493
Southeast 9.04b   (6.75 - 11.99) 7.50 (5.66 - 9.87) 0.070
Southwest 6.56 (4.64 - 9.19) 6.89 (4.93 - 9.57) 0.617
West 10.29   (7.97 - 13.19) 9.96   (7.76 - 12.69) 0.705
Iowa 5.33a (4.55 - 6.23) 6.85 (5.85 - 8.01) 0.000
Central 6.08 (4.60 - 8.00) 6.87 (5.27 - 8.90) 0.248
North Central 4.99a (3.62 - 6.83) 8.66   (6.55 - 11.35) 0.000
Northeast 5.93 (4.63 - 7.56) 6.47 (5.15 - 8.10) 0.360
Northwest 4.06a (2.98 - 5.51) 5.41 (3.98 - 7.33) 0.007
Southeast 5.53a (4.26 - 7.16) 7.70 (6.03 - 9.78) 0.001
Southwest 4.50a (3.18 - 6.34) 6.14 (4.61 - 8.14) 0.002
Kansas 6.93a (5.89 - 8.14) 5.72 (4.82 - 6.77) 0.010
Kansas City Metro 8.05a   (6.45 - 10.01) 6.03 (4.80 - 7.55) 0.004
Northeast 6.43a (4.74 - 8.66) 5.27 (3.96 - 7.00) 0.046
South Central 6.36b (4.57 - 8.80) 5.36 (3.90 - 7.33) 0.090
Southeast 7.03 (4.95 - 9.91) 6.18 (4.52 - 8.40) 0.213
West 5.39 (3.90 - 7.39) 5.46 (4.06 - 7.29) 0.902
Wichita (Sedgwick) 6.65 (4.89 - 9.00) 5.85 (4.43 - 7.69) 0.238
Kentucky 7.11 (6.07 - 8.33) 6.91 (5.92 - 8.06) 0.688
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 5.57 (4.13 - 7.47) 5.66 (4.32 - 7.38) 0.873
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 8.00   (6.35 - 10.03) 7.15 (5.73 - 8.89) 0.239
Communicare and River Valley 6.92 (4.97 - 9.56) 6.67 (4.94 - 8.95) 0.737
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 7.33   (5.26 - 10.13) 6.17 (4.62 - 8.19) 0.101
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 5.42 (3.91 - 7.47) 5.51 (4.02 - 7.51) 0.874
Seven Counties 8.07   (6.11 - 10.59) 8.71   (6.93 - 10.90) 0.451
Louisiana 6.82 (5.86 - 7.92) 6.85 (5.90 - 7.94) 0.936
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 8.72   (7.03 - 10.78) --
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 9.49   (7.28 - 12.28) --
Region 10 (Jefferson) 7.12 (5.05 - 9.96) 7.97   (5.97 - 10.55) 0.325
Regions 2 and 9 7.39 (5.93 - 9.18) 6.81 (5.48 - 8.43) 0.377
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 7.04 (5.27 - 9.34) --
Regions 4, 5, and 6 6.06 (4.66 - 7.84) 6.11 (4.83 - 7.71) 0.923
Regions 7 and 8 6.66 (5.12 - 8.64) 6.00 (4.68 - 7.66) 0.272
Maine 11.01   (9.58 - 12.61) 9.98   (8.65 - 11.49) 0.156
Aroostook/Downeast 8.71   (6.63 - 11.36) 8.27   (6.55 - 10.39) 0.596
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 7.85   (5.77 - 10.60) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 8.62   (6.46 - 11.40) --
Central 11.65b   (9.05 - 14.88) 9.69   (7.53 - 12.39) 0.057
Cumberland 12.87b (10.30 - 15.98) 10.84   (8.69 - 13.44) 0.079
Midcoast 9.92   (7.43 - 13.12) 9.36   (7.07 - 12.29) 0.579
Penquis 10.35   (7.91 - 13.43) 10.64   (8.37 - 13.43) 0.776
Western 11.40   (8.84 - 14.57) 11.13   (8.88 - 13.87) 0.803
York 10.71   (8.10 - 14.02) 9.17   (7.14 - 11.71) 0.133
Maryland 7.57 (6.41 - 8.92) 7.56 (6.53 - 8.74) 0.986
Anne Arundel 6.88 (4.90 - 9.57) 7.09 (5.23 - 9.55) 0.772
Baltimore City 9.31   (6.82 - 12.59) 10.51   (8.24 - 13.31) 0.232
Baltimore County 9.30a   (6.90 - 12.42) 7.53 (5.80 - 9.72) 0.030
Montgomery 6.22 (4.53 - 8.49) 7.03 (5.40 - 9.11) 0.258
North Central 6.92 (4.95 - 9.61) 6.97 (5.29 - 9.14) 0.949
Northeast 7.78a   (5.63 - 10.68) 6.35 (4.65 - 8.59) 0.049
Prince George's 7.30 (5.36 - 9.87) 7.46 (5.71 - 9.68) 0.831
South 7.10a (5.15 - 9.71) 8.66   (6.61 - 11.28) 0.037
West 7.10 (5.19 - 9.64) 6.15 (4.53 - 8.29) 0.144
Massachusetts 11.32 (10.01 - 12.78) 11.32   (9.99 - 12.80) 0.996
Boston 12.24   (9.18 - 16.13) 13.33 (10.63 - 16.58) 0.364
Central 10.85   (8.39 - 13.91) 11.79   (9.28 - 14.88) 0.369
Metrowest 9.90   (7.93 - 12.29) 11.24   (9.12 - 13.77) 0.149
Northeast 10.97   (8.64 - 13.83) 10.19   (8.22 - 12.58) 0.424
Southeast 11.83   (9.47 - 14.68) 11.28   (9.12 - 13.87) 0.582
Western 13.22a (10.45 - 16.58) 10.85   (8.56 - 13.66) 0.023
Michigan 10.06b   (9.33 - 10.84) 10.79 (10.05 - 11.59) 0.071
Detroit City 14.13a (11.68 - 17.01) 17.01 (14.31 - 20.10) 0.028
Genesee 13.63b (10.80 - 17.05) 11.53   (9.43 - 14.02) 0.052
Kalamazoo 9.27   (7.46 - 11.47) 10.37   (8.57 - 12.51) 0.160
Kent 9.01   (7.21 - 11.22) 10.24   (8.44 - 12.38) 0.134
Lakeshore 10.41   (8.51 - 12.68) 9.38   (7.80 - 11.25) 0.190
Macomb 9.24   (7.48 - 11.38) 9.29   (7.67 - 11.21) 0.957
Mid South 9.96   (8.26 - 11.97) 10.58   (8.87 - 12.58) 0.421
Northern 10.17   (8.31 - 12.39) 11.01   (9.19 - 13.13) 0.321
Oakland 9.50   (7.86 - 11.43) 9.62   (8.12 - 11.37) 0.868
Pathways and Western 10.08a   (7.79 - 12.94) 13.05 (10.49 - 16.14) 0.004
Riverhaven 9.37   (7.18 - 12.15) 10.08   (8.04 - 12.59) 0.430
Saginaw 10.34   (7.95 - 13.36) 11.26   (8.82 - 14.26) 0.336
Southeast 8.65a   (7.21 - 10.36) 10.93   (9.31 - 12.80) 0.005
St. Clair 6.97a (5.31 - 9.10) 9.42   (7.43 - 11.87) 0.002
Washtenaw 10.71   (8.59 - 13.28) 9.75   (8.05 - 11.78) 0.292
Minnesota 7.12 (6.08 - 8.32) 7.94 (6.84 - 9.20) 0.113
Regions 1 and 2 9.20   (6.90 - 12.18) 8.19   (6.03 - 11.03) 0.255
Regions 3 and 4 6.66 (5.06 - 8.71) 7.20 (5.60 - 9.22) 0.436
Regions 5 and 6 5.52a (4.20 - 7.22) 8.00   (6.30 - 10.13) 0.000
Region 7A (Hennepin) 7.43 (5.66 - 9.71) 8.36   (6.60 - 10.54) 0.254
Region 7B (Ramsey) 7.60a   (5.56 - 10.31) 9.49   (6.97 - 12.80) 0.044
Region 7C 7.41 (5.75 - 9.49) 7.26 (5.72 - 9.18) 0.834
Mississippi 6.61a (5.62 - 7.75) 7.77 (6.70 - 8.99) 0.012
Region 1 6.78 (5.25 - 8.72) 7.44 (5.91 - 9.34) 0.313
Region 2 7.00 (5.01 - 9.70) 8.16   (6.18 - 10.69) 0.126
Region 3 5.87a (4.30 - 7.98) 7.53 (5.79 - 9.74) 0.016
Region 4 6.43a (4.94 - 8.34) 7.85 (6.21 - 9.88) 0.031
Region 5 6.23 (4.38 - 8.77) 7.16 (5.14 - 9.91) 0.162
Region 6 7.09 (5.14 - 9.68) 6.88 (5.21 - 9.05) 0.780
Region 7 6.74a (5.03 - 8.97) 8.84   (6.91 - 11.25) 0.011
Missouri 7.49 (6.38 - 8.77) 7.33 (6.33 - 8.48) 0.753
Central 6.89 (5.01 - 9.39) 6.44 (4.93 - 8.36) 0.514
Eastern 8.46   (6.86 - 10.39) 8.42   (7.02 - 10.08) 0.954
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 8.13   (6.30 - 10.43) 8.93   (7.18 - 11.05) 0.316
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 9.04b   (6.73 - 12.03) 7.54 (5.82 - 9.73) 0.055
Northwest 7.25 (5.78 - 9.04) 7.42 (6.04 - 9.09) 0.771
Northwest (Jackson) 7.92   (5.92 - 10.53) 8.03   (6.18 - 10.37) 0.895
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 6.66 (4.96 - 8.90) 6.91 (5.29 - 8.98) 0.724
Southeast 5.91 (4.23 - 8.21) 5.61 (4.18 - 7.50) 0.631
Southwest 7.35 (5.45 - 9.84) 6.87 (5.27 - 8.90) 0.499
Montana 10.58b   (9.25 - 12.08) 11.95 (10.51 - 13.56) 0.059
Region 1 8.44   (6.13 - 11.50) 9.59   (7.29 - 12.51) 0.208
Region 2 8.81a   (6.65 - 11.59) 10.93   (8.43 - 14.05) 0.038
Region 3 8.69a   (6.68 - 11.22) 11.35   (9.10 - 14.06) 0.009
Region 4 12.79 (10.48 - 15.53) 13.52 (11.25 - 16.16) 0.498
Region 5 11.30   (9.22 - 13.78) 12.08 (10.09 - 14.40) 0.434
Nebraska 6.82 (5.84 - 7.94) 6.39 (5.46 - 7.46) 0.326
Regions 1 and 2 5.78 (4.35 - 7.65) 5.21 (3.90 - 6.92) 0.250
Region 1 5.86 (4.09 - 8.34) 5.72 (3.94 - 8.22) 0.815
Region 2 5.71b (3.95 - 8.18) 4.76 (3.36 - 6.71) 0.096
Region 3 5.16 (3.79 - 6.99) 5.44 (4.10 - 7.19) 0.600
Region 4 5.56a (3.96 - 7.75) 3.92 (2.74 - 5.60) 0.003
Region 5 6.68 (5.23 - 8.49) 5.93 (4.60 - 7.61) 0.221
Region 6 8.05 (6.53 - 9.89) 7.90 (6.56 - 9.49) 0.822
Nevada1 10.31   (8.84 - 12.00) 10.86   (9.28 - 12.68) 0.483
Clark - Region 1 10.11   (8.44 - 12.08) 10.81   (9.05 - 12.87) 0.430
Region 3 9.65   (7.19 - 12.84) 9.26   (7.10 - 12.00) 0.655
Capital District -- (-- - --) 9.20   (6.72 - 12.46) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 9.32   (6.66 - 12.91) --
Washoe - Region 2 11.78   (9.22 - 14.93) 12.35   (9.87 - 15.35) 0.612
New Hampshire 11.74 (10.30 - 13.35) 10.97   (9.67 - 12.42) 0.262
Central 11.23   (9.32 - 13.47) 11.32   (9.56 - 13.35) 0.914
Central 1 12.24   (9.56 - 15.53) 13.62 (11.11 - 16.59) 0.251
Central 2 10.26   (8.09 - 12.95) 9.09   (7.09 - 11.58) 0.186
Northern 12.62   (9.71 - 16.25) 12.15   (9.65 - 15.18) 0.654
Southern 11.80 (10.08 - 13.77) 10.53   (9.06 - 12.21) 0.103
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 12.85a (10.24 - 16.01) 10.07   (8.15 - 12.38) 0.007
Southern 2 11.15   (9.16 - 13.51) 10.82   (8.99 - 12.97) 0.717
New Jersey 7.02b (6.00 - 8.21) 8.08 (6.91 - 9.43) 0.051
Central 6.67 (5.09 - 8.69) 7.60 (5.99 - 9.59) 0.166
Metropolitan 7.37 (5.69 - 9.51) 7.80 (6.17 - 9.83) 0.557
Northern 6.65a (5.22 - 8.43) 8.16   (6.52 - 10.17) 0.043
Southern 7.58b (5.85 - 9.78) 8.82   (6.94 - 11.15) 0.090
New Mexico 9.50   (8.20 - 10.98) 10.62   (9.23 - 12.20) 0.111
Region 1 9.61   (7.41 - 12.37) 10.80   (8.71 - 13.32) 0.270
Region 2 10.15   (7.55 - 13.51) 9.56   (7.26 - 12.49) 0.587
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 10.99a   (8.91 - 13.49) 13.45 (11.10 - 16.20) 0.024
Region 4 6.85 (4.95 - 9.42) 8.03   (6.16 - 10.42) 0.122
Region 5 8.12   (6.26 - 10.46) 8.21   (6.39 - 10.48) 0.911
New York 9.94   (9.19 - 10.75) 9.63   (8.88 - 10.44) 0.473
Region A 9.67   (8.60 - 10.86) 9.53   (8.51 - 10.65) 0.793
Region 1 9.12   (7.14 - 11.57) 8.97   (7.27 - 11.01) 0.849
Region 2 8.78   (7.39 - 10.41) 9.61   (8.12 - 11.35) 0.273
Region 3 14.74a (11.75 - 18.33) 11.14   (9.01 - 13.70) 0.004
Region 4 7.36b (5.86 - 9.21) 8.55   (6.99 - 10.40) 0.098
Region B 9.66   (8.53 - 10.93) 9.07   (8.05 - 10.20) 0.305
Region 5 9.64   (8.14 - 11.39) 9.23   (7.94 - 10.70) 0.573
Region 6 8.91   (7.13 - 11.07) 8.13   (6.50 - 10.14) 0.305
Region 7 10.86   (8.72 - 13.46) 10.00   (8.16 - 12.20) 0.341
Region C 10.86   (9.79 - 12.04) 10.18   (9.13 - 11.33) 0.205
Region 8 11.84a   (9.67 - 14.42) 9.59   (7.85 - 11.67) 0.010
Region 9 10.70   (8.58 - 13.27) 10.66   (8.78 - 12.89) 0.966
Region 10 12.75a (10.08 - 15.99) 10.79   (8.53 - 13.56) 0.035
Region 11 9.70   (7.88 - 11.87) 10.25   (8.44 - 12.40) 0.518
Region 12 10.47   (8.62 - 12.65) 9.98   (8.14 - 12.17) 0.569
Region D 9.53   (8.14 - 11.14) 10.38   (8.93 - 12.03) 0.146
Region 13 9.60   (7.23 - 12.64) 10.69   (8.42 - 13.50) 0.238
Region 14 9.22a   (7.22 - 11.70) 10.94   (8.65 - 13.75) 0.045
Region 15 9.78   (7.57 - 12.55) 9.54   (7.54 - 12.01) 0.770
North Carolina1 8.58 (7.36 - 9.97) 8.15 (7.00 - 9.47) 0.445
Alliance 7.84   (6.04 - 10.14) 7.94   (6.27 - 10.01) 0.900
Cardinal Innovations 8.58   (6.36 - 11.49) 8.25   (6.42 - 10.55) 0.702
CenterPoint/Guilford 8.38   (6.43 - 10.86) 8.06   (6.32 - 10.23) 0.639
CenterPoint 7.78   (5.37 - 11.16) 7.89   (5.75 - 10.74) 0.900
Guilford 9.06   (6.60 - 12.32) 8.24   (6.09 - 11.06) 0.329
CoastalCare 9.52   (6.90 - 12.99) 8.95   (6.49 - 12.22) 0.520
Eastpointe 9.58b   (6.89 - 13.17) 7.99   (6.02 - 10.54) 0.086
ECBH 9.39b   (6.90 - 12.67) 8.03   (5.91 - 10.84) 0.087
MeckLINK 8.77   (6.50 - 11.73) 8.48   (6.33 - 11.28) 0.744
Partners 8.64   (6.48 - 11.43) 8.09   (6.17 - 10.56) 0.553
Sandhills 8.48   (5.95 - 11.95) 7.40   (5.33 - 10.18) 0.195
Smoky Mountain 6.77 (4.81 - 9.45) 7.52   (5.49 - 10.22) 0.297
Western Highlands 9.14   (6.53 - 12.65) 9.01   (6.69 - 12.03) 0.891
North Dakota 5.25 (4.46 - 6.18) 5.65 (4.77 - 6.69) 0.345
Badlands and West Central 4.91 (3.74 - 6.43) 4.73 (3.56 - 6.25) 0.740
Lake Region and South Central 5.26 (3.75 - 7.33) 5.73 (4.27 - 7.65) 0.474
North Central and Northwest 4.61 (3.32 - 6.36) 4.99 (3.71 - 6.69) 0.471
Northeast 5.87 (4.34 - 7.89) 6.89 (5.36 - 8.80) 0.105
Southeast 5.68 (4.53 - 7.10) 6.38 (5.04 - 8.04) 0.222
Ohio 7.70a (7.12 - 8.33) 9.12 (8.45 - 9.84) 0.000
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 5.71a (4.41 - 7.35) 8.29   (6.66 - 10.28) 0.000
Boards 3, 52, and 85 5.74a (4.38 - 7.49) 7.90   (6.22 - 10.00) 0.000
Boards 4 and 78 6.27a (4.57 - 8.56) 8.70   (6.66 - 11.30) 0.001
Boards 5 and 60 8.10a   (6.40 - 10.20) 11.03   (8.76 - 13.80) 0.000
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 5.49 (4.18 - 7.17) 6.52 (5.11 - 8.28) 0.108
Boards 8, 13, and 83 5.92a (4.49 - 7.77) 7.33 (5.86 - 9.14) 0.026
Board 9 (Butler) 8.40b   (6.50 - 10.79) 9.81   (7.86 - 12.17) 0.075
Board 12 6.77 (5.21 - 8.76) 7.82   (6.07 - 10.03) 0.123
Boards 18 and 47 8.64b   (7.34 - 10.15) 9.83   (8.44 - 11.43) 0.087
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 5.22a (3.91 - 6.93) 6.28 (4.84 - 8.11) 0.049
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 6.32a (4.81 - 8.26) 8.01   (6.36 - 10.05) 0.014
Boards 22, 74, and 87 7.65 (5.87 - 9.92) 7.94 (6.32 - 9.93) 0.695
Boards 23 and 45 6.59a (5.00 - 8.64) 8.17   (6.42 - 10.33) 0.017
Board 25 (Franklin) 11.13   (9.37 - 13.18) 11.86 (10.03 - 13.96) 0.453
Boards 27, 71, and 73 6.46 (4.94 - 8.42) 7.32 (5.80 - 9.21) 0.151
Boards 28, 43, and 67 7.14 (5.71 - 8.89) 8.15   (6.61 - 10.00) 0.133
Board 31 (Hamilton) 8.23a   (6.51 - 10.36) 9.98   (8.20 - 12.10) 0.036
Board 48 (Lucas) 8.59a   (6.71 - 10.94) 10.62   (8.54 - 13.14) 0.014
Boards 50 and 76 8.05   (6.32 - 10.21) 8.74   (7.13 - 10.68) 0.351
Board 57 (Montgomery) 8.49   (6.59 - 10.88) 9.36   (7.47 - 11.66) 0.307
Board 77 (Summit) 8.40a   (6.61 - 10.63) 10.86   (8.92 - 13.16) 0.007
Oklahoma 9.18   (7.88 - 10.66) 8.33 (7.17 - 9.66) 0.175
Central 9.28b   (6.97 - 12.27) 7.70   (5.84 - 10.08) 0.052
East Central 8.36   (5.93 - 11.66) 7.80   (5.74 - 10.51) 0.556
Northeast 7.82   (5.84 - 10.41) 6.91 (5.24 - 9.07) 0.265
Northwest and Southwest 10.58   (8.04 - 13.80) 9.76   (7.46 - 12.67) 0.420
Oklahoma County 9.28   (7.09 - 12.07) 9.60   (7.56 - 12.11) 0.737
Southeast 9.82a   (7.27 - 13.12) 7.75   (5.88 - 10.16) 0.033
Tulsa County 8.88   (6.64 - 11.76) 8.07   (6.23 - 10.38) 0.368
Oregon 12.39 (10.86 - 14.11) 13.30 (11.75 - 15.03) 0.267
Region 1 (Multnomah) 17.20 (13.57 - 21.57) 19.41 (15.96 - 23.40) 0.230
Region 2 10.92   (8.58 - 13.81) 12.07   (9.72 - 14.90) 0.295
Region 3 11.80   (9.78 - 14.17) 12.49 (10.48 - 14.82) 0.499
Region 4 11.61   (8.80 - 15.17) 11.27   (8.83 - 14.28) 0.782
Region 5 (Central) 10.73   (7.71 - 14.74) 10.31   (7.64 - 13.79) 0.706
Region 6 (Eastern) 9.81   (7.14 - 13.34) 10.16   (7.23 - 14.09) 0.739
Pennsylvania 7.50 (6.89 - 8.16) 8.02 (7.36 - 8.73) 0.128
Region 1 (Allegheny) 10.29   (8.51 - 12.40) 10.54   (8.83 - 12.53) 0.769
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 6.72 (5.19 - 8.66) 6.83 (5.43 - 8.55) 0.851
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 6.48 (5.09 - 8.22) 6.74 (5.37 - 8.41) 0.662
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 6.51 (4.88 - 8.63) 7.06 (5.54 - 8.96) 0.407
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 7.11 (5.56 - 9.05) 6.54 (5.20 - 8.19) 0.340
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 8.64   (7.35 - 10.14) 7.81 (6.68 - 9.10) 0.186
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 6.12 (4.68 - 7.96) 6.39 (5.03 - 8.09) 0.632
Regions 17 and 21 7.03a (5.31 - 9.27) 8.39   (6.54 - 10.71) 0.041
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 5.12 (4.00 - 6.52) 5.92 (4.85 - 7.20) 0.132
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 6.11 (4.82 - 7.71) 6.15 (4.97 - 7.58) 0.935
Regions 29 and 34 6.10a (4.65 - 7.97) 7.85 (6.20 - 9.89) 0.004
Regions 30 and 50 6.04 (4.60 - 7.88) 6.28 (4.84 - 8.12) 0.677
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 10.10a   (8.43 - 12.06) 13.13 (11.14 - 15.42) 0.002
Rhode Island 13.62b (11.93 - 15.52) 15.28 (13.56 - 17.18) 0.052
Bristol and Newport 12.73   (9.83 - 16.32) 13.79 (10.82 - 17.42) 0.361
Kent 10.86a   (8.23 - 14.20) 13.86 (11.09 - 17.18) 0.011
Providence 14.86 (12.68 - 17.35) 15.89 (13.74 - 18.30) 0.350
Washington 12.23a   (9.35 - 15.84) 15.78 (12.85 - 19.22) 0.007
South Carolina 8.47 (7.23 - 9.89) 8.34 (7.21 - 9.62) 0.826
Region 1 6.79 (5.19 - 8.83) 7.57 (5.98 - 9.53) 0.301
Region 2 9.40   (7.53 - 11.67) 8.44   (6.89 - 10.31) 0.250
Region 3 8.95   (6.78 - 11.74) 8.43   (6.51 - 10.86) 0.538
Region 4 8.75   (6.70 - 11.36) 8.91   (7.18 - 11.00) 0.867
South Dakota 6.12 (5.16 - 7.24) 6.23 (5.25 - 7.38) 0.811
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 7.58 (5.84 - 9.77) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 6.28 (4.46 - 8.78) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 5.50 (4.19 - 7.19) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 5.41 (3.97 - 7.34) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 6.06 (4.75 - 7.71) --
Tennessee 7.16 (6.12 - 8.37) 7.03 (5.98 - 8.26) 0.799
Region 1 6.59 (4.70 - 9.15) 5.87 (4.30 - 7.98) 0.292
Region 2 5.82 (4.38 - 7.70) 6.38 (4.78 - 8.45) 0.389
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 6.76 (5.19 - 8.77) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 10.50a   (7.89 - 13.84) 8.55   (6.44 - 11.28) 0.049
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 6.64 (5.13 - 8.55) --
Region 6 6.92 (5.01 - 9.49) 6.45 (4.74 - 8.71) 0.495
Region 7 (Shelby) 9.00   (6.76 - 11.89) 8.87   (6.84 - 11.42) 0.874
Texas 6.85 (6.31 - 7.43) 7.11 (6.53 - 7.74) 0.373
Region 1 7.10 (5.50 - 9.11) 7.19 (5.61 - 9.16) 0.886
Region 2 6.35 (4.72 - 8.48) 6.52 (4.87 - 8.67) 0.765
Region 3 7.11 (6.21 - 8.13) 7.45 (6.60 - 8.41) 0.419
Region 3a 7.18 (6.05 - 8.50) 7.19 (6.15 - 8.39) 0.986
Region 3bc 6.98 (5.68 - 8.55) 7.91 (6.63 - 9.42) 0.135
Region 4 7.23b (5.53 - 9.39) 6.24 (4.83 - 8.01) 0.090
Region 5 7.03 (5.33 - 9.23) 6.50 (4.98 - 8.44) 0.385
Region 6 6.55 (5.58 - 7.68) 6.55 (5.62 - 7.62) 1.000
Region 6a 6.60 (5.55 - 7.82) 6.51 (5.53 - 7.65) 0.859
Region 6bc 6.16 (4.52 - 8.33) 6.92 (5.28 - 9.01) 0.203
Region 7 8.79   (7.47 - 10.33) 9.45   (8.16 - 10.92) 0.287
Region 7a 9.62   (7.82 - 11.80) 10.99   (9.15 - 13.14) 0.127
Region 7bcd 7.41 (5.86 - 9.34) 6.87 (5.49 - 8.57) 0.362
Region 8 6.09b (4.90 - 7.55) 7.10 (5.85 - 8.59) 0.058
Region 9 6.95 (5.32 - 9.04) 6.67 (5.10 - 8.67) 0.617
Region 10 5.60 (4.26 - 7.33) 5.81 (4.51 - 7.46) 0.671
Region 11 5.22 (4.24 - 6.41) 5.68 (4.72 - 6.83) 0.255
Region 11abd 5.69 (4.42 - 7.31) 6.43 (5.13 - 8.03) 0.175
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 4.34 (3.21 - 5.84) 4.36 (3.26 - 5.81) 0.950
Utah 5.46 (4.61 - 6.46) 5.41 (4.57 - 6.39) 0.905
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 5.03 (3.62 - 6.95) 4.38 (3.24 - 5.89) 0.197
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 4.31 (2.99 - 6.19) 4.57 (3.28 - 6.33) 0.603
Davis County 5.60 (4.04 - 7.72) 5.25 (3.93 - 6.99) 0.528
Salt Lake County 6.30 (5.02 - 7.88) 6.23 (4.97 - 7.78) 0.912
Utah County 5.15 (3.86 - 6.84) 5.13 (3.90 - 6.71) 0.973
Weber, Morgan 4.48 (3.07 - 6.50) 5.21 (3.73 - 7.23) 0.188
Vermont 13.21 (11.69 - 14.90) 14.27 (12.66 - 16.05) 0.195
Champlain Valley 14.49a (12.36 - 16.91) 16.71 (14.45 - 19.25) 0.044
Rural Northeast 12.93 (10.40 - 15.98) 13.01 (10.57 - 15.92) 0.949
Rural Southeast 12.66 (10.07 - 15.80) 12.56 (10.09 - 15.53) 0.934
Rural Southwest 11.26   (8.68 - 14.47) 12.26   (9.72 - 15.34) 0.383
Virginia 6.83b (5.83 - 7.98) 7.71 (6.66 - 8.90) 0.061
Region 1 7.26a (5.63 - 9.33) 9.32   (7.47 - 11.58) 0.007
Region 2 5.75 (4.31 - 7.64) 5.73 (4.39 - 7.44) 0.966
Region 3 7.19 (5.53 - 9.30) 7.96   (6.28 - 10.04) 0.270
Region 4 6.85 (5.16 - 9.04) 7.03 (5.30 - 9.27) 0.773
Region 5 7.48a (5.74 - 9.68) 9.34   (7.51 - 11.56) 0.016
Washington 10.59a   (9.19 - 12.17) 12.11 (10.69 - 13.68) 0.032
Region 1 8.44b   (6.66 - 10.64) 9.69   (7.83 - 11.93) 0.078
East 1 (previously Region 1) 8.42b   (6.25 - 11.25) 10.10   (7.71 - 13.13) 0.063
East 2 (previously Region 2) 8.48   (6.07 - 11.72) 9.13   (6.89 - 12.00) 0.433
Region 2 11.34a   (9.44 - 13.57) 13.52 (11.65 - 15.63) 0.027
North 1 (previously Region 3) 12.53   (9.75 - 15.97) 13.43 (10.96 - 16.35) 0.470
North 2 (previously Region 4) 10.64a   (8.43 - 13.35) 13.57 (11.34 - 16.14) 0.012
Region 3 10.96   (9.03 - 13.25) 11.73   (9.87 - 13.89) 0.377
West 1 (previously Region 5) 11.09   (8.56 - 14.26) 11.93   (9.47 - 14.93) 0.438
West 2 (previously Region 6) 10.84   (8.40 - 13.89) 11.55   (9.24 - 14.33) 0.503
West Virginia 8.06b (6.95 - 9.33) 7.20 (6.24 - 8.29) 0.077
Region I 7.69b   (5.54 - 10.59) 6.26 (4.61 - 8.46) 0.053
Region II 8.19   (6.02 - 11.05) 7.07 (5.29 - 9.38) 0.150
Region III 7.02a (5.11 - 9.59) 5.46 (4.00 - 7.40) 0.009
Region IV 8.75a   (7.01 - 10.88) 10.50   (8.80 - 12.49) 0.019
Region V 8.72a   (6.98 - 10.83) 6.51 (5.22 - 8.10) 0.002
Region VI 6.85b (5.11 - 9.12) 5.72 (4.25 - 7.64) 0.099
Wisconsin 7.94 (6.80 - 9.25) 8.34 (7.14 - 9.72) 0.455
Milwaukee 9.14a   (6.92 - 11.99) 11.44   (8.80 - 14.74) 0.021
Northeastern 7.08 (5.46 - 9.13) 7.34 (5.83 - 9.20) 0.690
Northern 6.26 (4.42 - 8.79) 6.82 (4.90 - 9.42) 0.402
Southeastern 7.50 (5.65 - 9.89) 8.20   (6.32 - 10.58) 0.380
Southern 9.21   (7.07 - 11.91) 8.30   (6.54 - 10.49) 0.275
Western 7.90   (5.99 - 10.34) 7.46 (5.68 - 9.74) 0.557
Wyoming 6.65 (5.70 - 7.75) 7.07 (6.03 - 8.28) 0.404
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 6.66 (5.03 - 8.77) 6.98 (5.37 - 9.03) 0.658
Judicial District 2 9.61   (7.46 - 12.29) 9.39   (7.28 - 12.03) 0.812
Judicial District 3 5.13 (3.84 - 6.82) 5.02 (3.72 - 6.73) 0.844
Judicial District 4 5.70 (4.01 - 8.04) 6.43 (4.67 - 8.81) 0.308
Judicial District 5 5.76 (4.24 - 7.78) 6.30 (4.62 - 8.55) 0.397
Judicial District 6 5.76 (4.23 - 7.80) 6.13 (4.55 - 8.23) 0.557
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 7.87   (5.96 - 10.34) 7.30 (5.52 - 9.59) 0.450
Judicial District 8 5.81b (4.17 - 8.05) 7.13 (5.28 - 9.57) 0.057
Judicial District 9 7.46   (5.34 - 10.33) 9.16   (6.77 - 12.29) 0.103
140403
Table 2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 11.13a (10.89 - 11.38) 11.69 (11.45 - 11.95) 0.000
Northeast 12.22a (11.75 - 12.70) 12.74 (12.21 - 13.29) 0.040
Midwest 10.45a (10.11 - 10.79) 11.21 (10.77 - 11.66) 0.000
South 9.70   (9.39 - 10.02) 9.97   (9.57 - 10.40) 0.171
West 13.18a (12.68 - 13.69) 14.06 (13.48 - 14.67) 0.003
Alabama 8.62 (7.48 - 9.92) 9.00   (7.79 - 10.36) 0.500
Region 1 7.93 (6.30 - 9.94) 7.90 (6.29 - 9.89) 0.966
Region 2 9.16   (7.47 - 11.20) 10.27   (8.42 - 12.48) 0.175
Region 3 10.39a   (8.25 - 13.00) 8.31   (6.60 - 10.40) 0.006
Region 4 7.31a (5.70 - 9.31) 9.09   (7.27 - 11.30) 0.022
Alaska 16.73a (14.87 - 18.77) 18.72 (16.76 - 20.86) 0.049
Anchorage 16.29a (13.87 - 19.04) 19.14 (16.69 - 21.85) 0.021
Northern 18.98 (15.75 - 22.71) 20.86 (17.52 - 24.65) 0.262
South Central 16.27 (13.09 - 20.04) 16.34 (13.38 - 19.80) 0.960
Southeast 15.04a (11.70 - 19.12) 18.54 (14.89 - 22.83) 0.037
Arizona 11.39   (9.94 - 13.01) 12.14 (10.63 - 13.83) 0.261
Maricopa 11.21   (9.48 - 13.22) 12.12 (10.41 - 14.06) 0.272
Pima 13.33 (10.53 - 16.74) 13.48 (10.75 - 16.77) 0.893
Rural North 11.68   (9.08 - 14.90) 11.85   (9.28 - 15.01) 0.877
Rural South 9.58   (7.22 - 12.61) 10.95   (8.30 - 14.32) 0.116
Arkansas 10.02b   (8.77 - 11.43) 9.00   (7.80 - 10.37) 0.081
Catchment Area 1 9.11   (7.01 - 11.77) 9.32   (7.34 - 11.76) 0.804
Catchment Area 2 9.11a   (6.94 - 11.87) 7.48 (5.63 - 9.88) 0.044
Catchment Area 3 10.71a   (8.33 - 13.67) 7.41 (5.66 - 9.64) 0.000
Catchment Area 4 8.73   (6.60 - 11.47) 9.00   (6.80 - 11.83) 0.735
Catchment Area 5 10.51   (8.50 - 12.92) 9.70   (7.70 - 12.16) 0.351
Catchment Area 6 10.78   (8.14 - 14.15) 9.76   (7.51 - 12.58) 0.302
Catchment Area 7 9.38a   (6.96 - 12.51) 7.13 (5.25 - 9.63) 0.005
Catchment Area 8 11.08   (8.83 - 13.83) 10.75   (8.72 - 13.18) 0.715
California 13.46 (12.67 - 14.29) 13.98 (13.11 - 14.89) 0.250
Region 1R 22.67 (18.54 - 27.42) 21.60 (17.80 - 25.96) 0.503
Region 2R 15.02 (12.39 - 18.08) 15.56 (12.73 - 18.89) 0.643
Region 3R (Sacramento) 16.19 (13.15 - 19.77) 16.12 (13.28 - 19.42) 0.950
Region 4R 14.42 (11.60 - 17.79) 15.94 (13.28 - 19.01) 0.200
Region 5R (San Francisco) 23.12 (18.66 - 28.26) 22.85 (18.65 - 27.67) 0.885
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 10.48   (8.36 - 13.07) 10.58   (8.61 - 12.93) 0.908
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 14.12 (11.17 - 17.71) 13.96 (11.35 - 17.05) 0.877
Region 8R (Alameda) 15.32 (12.61 - 18.49) 14.37 (11.91 - 17.24) 0.396
Region 9R (San Mateo) 12.30   (9.71 - 15.47) 12.34   (9.69 - 15.60) 0.969
Region 10 16.42 (13.60 - 19.70) 15.27 (12.61 - 18.37) 0.286
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 12.50 (11.36 - 13.74) 13.12 (11.95 - 14.38) 0.250
LA SPA 1 and 5 16.00 (12.69 - 19.98) 15.20 (12.30 - 18.63) 0.474
LA SPA 2 12.35 (10.21 - 14.86) 13.01 (10.77 - 15.64) 0.504
LA SPA 3 10.71   (8.70 - 13.12) 10.54   (8.70 - 12.72) 0.822
LA SPA 4 14.44 (11.60 - 17.84) 15.25 (12.38 - 18.66) 0.487
LA SPA 6 12.13a   (9.63 - 15.15) 14.19 (11.46 - 17.44) 0.045
LA SPA 7 10.01   (7.94 - 12.54) 10.84   (8.83 - 13.24) 0.302
LA SPA 8 13.21 (10.59 - 16.37) 14.41 (11.90 - 17.36) 0.247
Region 12R 15.23 (11.96 - 19.19) 13.53 (10.66 - 17.02) 0.138
Regions 13 and 19R 12.42 (10.33 - 14.86) 12.44 (10.56 - 14.60) 0.980
Region 13 (Riverside) 12.69 (10.46 - 15.30) 12.69 (10.69 - 15.02) 0.993
Region 19R (Imperial) 8.98   (6.84 - 11.69) 9.20   (7.02 - 11.96) 0.745
Region 14 (Orange) 10.22b   (8.61 - 12.08) 11.67   (9.99 - 13.60) 0.056
Region 15R (Fresno) 12.02   (9.42 - 15.21) 13.21 (10.53 - 16.45) 0.215
Region 16R (San Diego) 13.66 (11.64 - 15.96) 14.94 (12.79 - 17.38) 0.197
Region 17R 10.33   (8.41 - 12.62) 11.67   (9.56 - 14.18) 0.109
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 11.53a   (9.61 - 13.77) 13.15 (11.11 - 15.50) 0.043
Region 20R 13.37 (10.68 - 16.62) 13.74 (11.09 - 16.90) 0.707
Region 21R 17.73 (14.29 - 21.78) 18.84 (15.63 - 22.54) 0.410
Colorado 16.84 (15.04 - 18.81) 17.55 (15.74 - 19.53) 0.422
Region 1 18.13 (14.65 - 22.22) 16.24 (13.31 - 19.68) 0.167
Regions 2 and 7 17.95 (15.59 - 20.59) 19.44 (16.98 - 22.16) 0.219
Region 3 13.84 (11.12 - 17.09) 14.73 (12.09 - 17.82) 0.454
Region 4 13.33 (10.11 - 17.38) 13.35 (10.14 - 17.37) 0.988
Regions 5 and 6 15.42 (11.96 - 19.67) 15.41 (12.28 - 19.15) 0.989
Connecticut 13.01 (11.57 - 14.60) 13.80 (12.21 - 15.57) 0.273
Eastern 13.46 (10.57 - 16.99) 13.26 (10.71 - 16.31) 0.855
North Central 14.11 (11.80 - 16.80) 14.55 (12.17 - 17.32) 0.684
Northwestern 12.31   (9.89 - 15.22) 12.88 (10.40 - 15.84) 0.582
South Central 14.52 (12.13 - 17.29) 15.39 (12.78 - 18.42) 0.456
Southwest 9.79a   (7.62 - 12.49) 11.90   (9.54 - 14.73) 0.017
Delaware 11.79a (10.43 - 13.31) 13.28 (11.89 - 14.81) 0.034
Kent 10.92   (8.67 - 13.67) 11.96   (9.70 - 14.65) 0.284
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 12.05b (10.32 - 14.03) 13.72 (12.03 - 15.61) 0.059
Sussex 10.56   (8.48 - 13.07) 11.84   (9.69 - 14.39) 0.190
Wilmington City 15.17 (11.90 - 19.14) 17.34 (13.87 - 21.47) 0.148
District of Columbia 15.66a (13.96 - 17.52) 19.41 (17.49 - 21.48) 0.000
Ward 1 18.36a (14.78 - 22.58) 25.29 (20.94 - 30.19) 0.000
Ward 2 18.21a (14.73 - 22.31) 22.30 (18.73 - 26.33) 0.009
Ward 3 13.18a (10.56 - 16.32) 17.70 (14.63 - 21.26) 0.000
Ward 4 13.19a (10.07 - 17.08) 16.54 (13.17 - 20.58) 0.020
Ward 5 14.97a (11.71 - 18.94) 19.15 (15.87 - 22.93) 0.005
Ward 6 14.25a (11.09 - 18.13) 19.15 (15.33 - 23.66) 0.002
Ward 7 15.82 (12.63 - 19.63) 16.76 (13.50 - 20.63) 0.491
Ward 8 17.24 (13.86 - 21.23) 17.97 (14.81 - 21.62) 0.610
Florida 10.56   (9.85 - 11.31) 11.11 (10.34 - 11.94) 0.183
Region A - Northwest 12.23a (10.62 - 14.06) 13.96 (12.36 - 15.74) 0.017
Circuit 1 11.15   (9.07 - 13.63) 12.35 (10.25 - 14.80) 0.185
Circuit 2 15.11a (12.02 - 18.84) 18.04 (15.14 - 21.37) 0.019
Circuit 14 11.04   (8.38 - 14.42) 12.30   (9.69 - 15.50) 0.212
Region B - Northeast 12.10 (10.61 - 13.75) 12.75 (11.31 - 14.34) 0.343
Circuits 3 and 8 12.80b (10.31 - 15.79) 14.77 (12.21 - 17.75) 0.077
Circuit 4 13.07 (10.80 - 15.73) 12.87 (10.67 - 15.44) 0.844
Circuit 7 10.44   (8.27 - 13.10) 11.27   (9.26 - 13.65) 0.373
Region C - Central 10.15a   (9.12 - 11.29) 11.34 (10.25 - 12.54) 0.019
Circuit 5 9.04   (7.28 - 11.17) 9.80   (7.91 - 12.08) 0.349
Circuit 9 11.35a   (9.50 - 13.49) 13.38 (11.50 - 15.52) 0.019
Circuit 10 8.74   (6.90 - 11.01) 9.36   (7.61 - 11.46) 0.405
Circuit 18 11.26   (9.20 - 13.72) 12.35 (10.25 - 14.82) 0.218
Circuit 19 9.32   (7.18 - 12.02) 10.11   (8.01 - 12.68) 0.403
Region D - Southeast 9.77   (8.55 - 11.13) 9.54   (8.34 - 10.90) 0.708
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 9.21   (7.38 - 11.44) 9.48   (7.82 - 11.44) 0.736
Circuit 17 (Broward) 10.18   (8.63 - 11.97) 9.60   (8.11 - 11.32) 0.426
Region E - Sun Coast 11.00b   (9.89 - 12.22) 12.01 (10.74 - 13.41) 0.091
Circuit 6 10.20a   (8.45 - 12.26) 12.77 (10.58 - 15.34) 0.006
Circuit 12 11.27   (8.85 - 14.26) 12.03   (9.71 - 14.81) 0.496
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 12.25 (10.33 - 14.48) 12.20 (10.35 - 14.34) 0.956
Circuit 20 10.54   (8.45 - 13.08) 10.89   (8.88 - 13.29) 0.694
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 9.02b   (7.70 - 10.54) 7.87   (6.76 - 9.15) 0.060
Georgia 10.47   (9.19 - 11.90) 9.51   (8.33 - 10.83) 0.101
Region 1 10.03a   (8.09 - 12.38) 8.23   (6.68 - 10.10) 0.018
Region 2 8.68   (6.54 - 11.43) 8.53   (6.68 - 10.83) 0.847
Region 3 11.99   (9.90 - 14.46) 11.32   (9.41 - 13.57) 0.514
Region 4 9.56   (6.94 - 13.03) 9.53   (7.41 - 12.19) 0.980
Region 5 11.25   (8.84 - 14.23) 9.91   (7.57 - 12.86) 0.135
Region 6 9.38   (7.22 - 12.10) 8.65   (6.77 - 10.99) 0.359
Hawaii 11.66 (10.23 - 13.27) 12.30 (10.76 - 14.03) 0.431
Hawaii Island 17.74 (14.03 - 22.17) 15.81 (12.57 - 19.69) 0.243
Honolulu 9.81   (8.36 - 11.47) 10.89   (9.36 - 12.63) 0.195
Kauai and Maui 14.65 (11.74 - 18.13) 15.46 (12.45 - 19.03) 0.526
Kauai 14.98 (10.99 - 20.11) 13.89 (10.35 - 18.39) 0.441
Maui 14.50 (11.11 - 18.70) 16.14 (12.66 - 20.35) 0.266
Idaho 11.60 (10.27 - 13.07) 11.22   (9.82 - 12.80) 0.545
Region 1 12.85b (10.04 - 16.31) 11.12   (8.67 - 14.15) 0.094
Region 2 11.92   (9.02 - 15.60) 12.56   (9.79 - 15.99) 0.519
Region 3 9.70   (7.69 - 12.17) 10.06   (7.87 - 12.79) 0.674
Region 4 14.25 (11.99 - 16.85) 13.72 (11.43 - 16.39) 0.619
Region 5 10.62   (8.15 - 13.72) 9.29   (7.27 - 11.80) 0.128
Region 6 11.13   (8.72 - 14.10) 12.28   (9.68 - 15.46) 0.226
Region 7 7.64 (5.82 - 9.96) 7.37 (5.61 - 9.63) 0.687
Illinois 10.73 (10.03 - 11.47) 11.18 (10.42 - 11.99) 0.252
Region I (Cook) 12.05 (10.90 - 13.30) 13.13 (11.90 - 14.45) 0.101
Region II 9.76   (8.76 - 10.88) 9.49   (8.49 - 10.60) 0.609
Region III 10.58   (9.25 - 12.07) 10.81   (9.39 - 12.42) 0.723
Region IV 9.14   (7.50 - 11.10) 8.70   (7.20 - 10.46) 0.538
Region V 9.83   (8.42 - 11.46) 10.79   (9.26 - 12.54) 0.160
Indiana 10.02   (8.82 - 11.35) 10.66   (9.34 - 12.16) 0.261
Central 10.38   (8.40 - 12.75) 11.65   (9.47 - 14.26) 0.160
East 8.82a   (6.76 - 11.44) 10.92   (8.52 - 13.89) 0.014
North Central 9.46b   (7.42 - 11.98) 10.89   (8.67 - 13.58) 0.094
Northeast 9.52   (7.26 - 12.39) 9.05   (6.96 - 11.69) 0.568
Northwest 10.22   (7.93 - 13.09) 10.27   (8.01 - 13.09) 0.956
Southeast 9.46   (7.26 - 12.24) 8.50   (6.64 - 10.83) 0.250
Southwest 7.96   (5.82 - 10.79) 8.39   (6.28 - 11.11) 0.565
West 13.12 (10.59 - 16.14) 13.38 (10.87 - 16.37) 0.785
Iowa 8.00a (7.02 - 9.10) 9.80   (8.61 - 11.13) 0.000
Central 8.53a   (6.77 - 10.70) 11.10   (8.90 - 13.76) 0.003
North Central 8.31a   (6.33 - 10.82) 12.44   (9.86 - 15.58) 0.000
Northeast 9.06   (7.38 - 11.08) 9.51   (7.89 - 11.44) 0.546
Northwest 6.13 (4.73 - 7.93) 6.77 (5.16 - 8.84) 0.312
Southeast 7.82a (6.24 - 9.76) 10.43   (8.43 - 12.83) 0.001
Southwest 7.45   (5.52 - 10.00) 8.53   (6.62 - 10.94) 0.139
Kansas 9.12   (7.99 - 10.39) 8.48 (7.34 - 9.77) 0.211
Kansas City Metro 10.37a   (8.68 - 12.34) 8.91   (7.38 - 10.74) 0.049
Northeast 8.68   (6.78 - 11.04) 8.98   (7.12 - 11.26) 0.678
South Central 7.42 (5.47 - 9.99) 7.27 (5.47 - 9.61) 0.824
Southeast 9.34   (6.83 - 12.65) 8.21   (6.08 - 11.02) 0.167
West 8.05   (6.16 - 10.46) 7.48 (5.80 - 9.60) 0.395
Wichita (Sedgwick) 9.02   (7.07 - 11.44) 8.68   (6.86 - 10.94) 0.666
Kentucky 8.34 (7.29 - 9.53) 8.76   (7.60 - 10.07) 0.425
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 6.25 (4.73 - 8.20) 6.20 (4.78 - 8.00) 0.937
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 9.37   (7.74 - 11.31) 9.77   (8.11 - 11.73) 0.603
Communicare and River Valley 8.23   (6.21 - 10.83) 7.53 (5.71 - 9.88) 0.335
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 8.50   (6.46 - 11.11) 7.44 (5.63 - 9.78) 0.142
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 6.23 (4.62 - 8.34) 6.67 (5.00 - 8.84) 0.500
Seven Counties 9.75b   (7.73 - 12.24) 11.62   (9.51 - 14.12) 0.051
Louisiana 8.19 (7.09 - 9.45) 8.94   (7.87 - 10.15) 0.161
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 10.98   (9.05 - 13.25) --
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 12.53   (9.89 - 15.76) --
Region 10 (Jefferson) 9.20   (6.82 - 12.28) 9.43   (7.31 - 12.09) 0.793
Regions 2 and 9 8.88   (7.29 - 10.78) 8.96   (7.39 - 10.81) 0.919
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 8.24   (6.34 - 10.64) --
Regions 4, 5, and 6 7.09 (5.54 - 9.04) 8.13 (6.63 - 9.92) 0.139
Regions 7 and 8 8.25   (6.58 - 10.29) 8.35   (6.70 - 10.36) 0.888
Maine 13.98 (12.52 - 15.57) 14.02 (12.43 - 15.76) 0.959
Aroostook/Downeast 11.33   (9.00 - 14.18) 12.25 (10.03 - 14.88) 0.339
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 10.96   (8.31 - 14.32) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 13.31 (10.47 - 16.78) --
Central 13.91 (11.21 - 17.14) 12.21   (9.84 - 15.04) 0.140
Cumberland 15.28 (12.74 - 18.22) 15.59 (12.85 - 18.79) 0.813
Midcoast 12.62   (9.91 - 15.93) 13.34 (10.33 - 17.07) 0.553
Penquis 13.89 (11.30 - 16.97) 15.73 (13.00 - 18.92) 0.113
Western 15.11 (12.25 - 18.49) 14.74 (12.09 - 17.86) 0.764
York 14.35 (11.49 - 17.77) 13.07 (10.53 - 16.11) 0.292
Maryland 10.29   (8.93 - 11.83) 10.08   (8.88 - 11.43) 0.709
Anne Arundel 9.39   (7.24 - 12.09) 9.17   (7.15 - 11.68) 0.773
Baltimore City 13.21   (9.95 - 17.32) 13.41 (10.81 - 16.53) 0.875
Baltimore County 11.36b   (8.83 - 14.49) 9.76   (7.70 - 12.31) 0.076
Montgomery 9.18   (7.20 - 11.64) 9.07   (7.21 - 11.35) 0.881
North Central 8.46   (6.38 - 11.15) 8.74   (6.77 - 11.23) 0.706
Northeast 9.61   (7.29 - 12.59) 9.15   (7.10 - 11.70) 0.552
Prince George's 11.88   (9.25 - 15.13) 11.34   (9.15 - 13.98) 0.575
South 9.35b   (7.05 - 12.31) 11.03   (8.83 - 13.70) 0.068
West 8.50   (6.40 - 11.21) 8.34   (6.42 - 10.77) 0.834
Massachusetts 15.19 (13.66 - 16.85) 15.54 (14.01 - 17.19) 0.633
Boston 16.71b (13.21 - 20.90) 19.47 (16.17 - 23.25) 0.054
Central 14.80 (11.87 - 18.31) 14.50 (11.82 - 17.67) 0.804
Metrowest 13.21a (11.03 - 15.73) 15.60 (13.15 - 18.41) 0.023
Northeast 13.75 (11.29 - 16.65) 14.88 (12.52 - 17.59) 0.301
Southeast 15.46 (12.79 - 18.57) 14.71 (12.25 - 17.58) 0.526
Western 19.41a (16.09 - 23.22) 14.95 (12.31 - 18.05) 0.001
Michigan 12.65a (11.89 - 13.44) 13.62 (12.81 - 14.48) 0.021
Detroit City 17.54 (14.87 - 20.57) 19.10 (16.32 - 22.23) 0.240
Genesee 16.46 (13.52 - 19.88) 14.73 (12.35 - 17.49) 0.135
Kalamazoo 12.38b (10.35 - 14.75) 14.18 (11.91 - 16.79) 0.062
Kent 12.27 (10.27 - 14.59) 13.28 (11.22 - 15.66) 0.280
Lakeshore 12.90 (10.91 - 15.18) 12.78 (10.91 - 14.93) 0.900
Macomb 10.81   (9.09 - 12.81) 11.94 (10.21 - 13.91) 0.171
Mid South 12.28b (10.52 - 14.29) 13.68 (11.84 - 15.75) 0.092
Northern 12.13 (10.29 - 14.24) 13.44 (11.51 - 15.63) 0.144
Oakland 11.66   (9.98 - 13.59) 12.42 (10.76 - 14.30) 0.387
Pathways and Western 13.67a (11.18 - 16.61) 16.69 (13.91 - 19.90) 0.007
Riverhaven 10.32b   (8.25 - 12.84) 11.80   (9.55 - 14.51) 0.090
Saginaw 12.22b   (9.68 - 15.31) 14.00 (11.26 - 17.28) 0.073
Southeast 11.66b   (9.97 - 13.58) 13.38 (11.58 - 15.41) 0.052
St. Clair 10.20b   (8.21 - 12.61) 11.75   (9.55 - 14.37) 0.072
Washtenaw 14.14 (11.87 - 16.76) 12.95 (11.06 - 15.11) 0.213
Minnesota 10.57   (9.34 - 11.93) 11.28   (9.98 - 12.73) 0.238
Regions 1 and 2 12.61b   (9.89 - 15.96) 10.73   (8.28 - 13.78) 0.059
Regions 3 and 4 10.93   (8.88 - 13.38) 10.00   (8.11 - 12.27) 0.271
Regions 5 and 6 9.04a   (7.29 - 11.17) 11.55   (9.56 - 13.88) 0.002
Region 7A (Hennepin) 9.95a   (7.96 - 12.36) 12.45 (10.24 - 15.06) 0.012
Region 7B (Ramsey) 10.88a   (8.33 - 14.08) 13.21 (10.22 - 16.90) 0.039
Region 7C 11.12   (9.04 - 13.62) 10.29   (8.54 - 12.36) 0.334
Mississippi 8.16b (7.13 - 9.32) 9.08   (7.93 - 10.38) 0.071
Region 1 9.06   (7.35 - 11.13) 8.76   (7.09 - 10.77) 0.685
Region 2 8.31   (6.15 - 11.14) 9.28   (7.19 - 11.91) 0.241
Region 3 6.67a (5.08 - 8.72) 8.82   (6.99 - 11.09) 0.002
Region 4 7.81a (6.24 - 9.74) 9.63   (7.83 - 11.80) 0.012
Region 5 8.65b   (6.35 - 11.66) 7.33 (5.41 - 9.87) 0.080
Region 6 8.36   (6.28 - 11.05) 8.55   (6.62 - 10.97) 0.807
Region 7 8.17a   (6.30 - 10.54) 10.00   (7.85 - 12.67) 0.026
Missouri 9.66   (8.45 - 11.02) 10.22   (9.02 - 11.56) 0.301
Central 8.38   (6.42 - 10.87) 8.75   (6.84 - 11.14) 0.616
Eastern 11.38   (9.58 - 13.46) 11.61   (9.98 - 13.46) 0.770
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 11.58   (9.40 - 14.18) 12.26 (10.22 - 14.64) 0.493
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 11.02   (8.63 - 13.97) 10.47   (8.40 - 12.97) 0.534
Northwest 9.42a   (7.80 - 11.32) 10.72   (8.98 - 12.76) 0.045
Northwest (Jackson) 10.51b   (8.27 - 13.26) 12.06   (9.71 - 14.89) 0.091
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 8.48   (6.62 - 10.81) 9.59   (7.49 - 12.20) 0.134
Southeast 7.82   (5.86 - 10.37) 7.43 (5.70 - 9.64) 0.588
Southwest 8.54   (6.63 - 10.94) 9.77   (7.74 - 12.27) 0.126
Montana 13.88a (12.42 - 15.47) 16.36 (14.76 - 18.09) 0.001
Region 1 11.13a   (8.51 - 14.43) 13.82 (10.94 - 17.32) 0.016
Region 2 12.49a (10.01 - 15.48) 14.93 (12.04 - 18.36) 0.031
Region 3 10.78a   (8.67 - 13.34) 14.96 (12.49 - 17.81) 0.000
Region 4 16.91 (14.50 - 19.63) 18.05 (15.48 - 20.94) 0.329
Region 5 14.67a (12.41 - 17.26) 17.16 (14.72 - 19.90) 0.031
Nebraska 9.49   (8.33 - 10.80) 8.94   (7.82 - 10.19) 0.330
Regions 1 and 2 8.63   (6.74 - 10.99) 7.86 (6.17 - 9.97) 0.237
Region 1 7.99   (5.81 - 10.91) 8.16   (6.00 - 11.01) 0.825
Region 2 9.18a   (6.74 - 12.37) 7.59   (5.61 - 10.20) 0.045
Region 3 6.92 (5.23 - 9.10) 6.66 (5.14 - 8.58) 0.687
Region 4 7.78a   (5.73 - 10.49) 5.71 (4.17 - 7.79) 0.002
Region 5 9.08   (7.40 - 11.09) 9.09   (7.40 - 11.13) 0.988
Region 6 11.26   (9.48 - 13.34) 10.66   (9.07 - 12.49) 0.470
Nevada1 11.77a (10.24 - 13.49) 13.94 (12.16 - 15.94) 0.009
Clark - Region 1 11.52a   (9.80 - 13.50) 13.85 (11.83 - 16.15) 0.014
Region 3 11.66   (9.06 - 14.88) 12.07   (9.52 - 15.19) 0.663
Capital District -- (-- - --) 12.39   (9.36 - 16.24) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 11.78   (8.66 - 15.81) --
Washoe - Region 2 12.98a (10.43 - 16.03) 15.83 (12.99 - 19.15) 0.019
New Hampshire 14.88 (13.29 - 16.61) 14.40 (12.84 - 16.12) 0.546
Central 15.32 (13.14 - 17.79) 15.75 (13.56 - 18.22) 0.675
Central 1 17.09 (14.02 - 20.68) 18.63 (15.54 - 22.17) 0.277
Central 2 13.64 (11.07 - 16.71) 12.96 (10.48 - 15.91) 0.538
Northern 16.26 (12.98 - 20.18) 15.36 (12.50 - 18.73) 0.495
Southern 14.35 (12.57 - 16.35) 13.54 (11.82 - 15.46) 0.346
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 15.77a (12.98 - 19.02) 12.36 (10.19 - 14.90) 0.003
Southern 2 13.48 (11.42 - 15.84) 14.27 (12.19 - 16.64) 0.449
New Jersey 9.78   (8.53 - 11.18) 10.50   (9.20 - 11.95) 0.196
Central 10.52   (8.44 - 13.04) 10.11   (8.22 - 12.39) 0.632
Metropolitan 8.83b   (7.11 - 10.91) 10.19   (8.37 - 12.35) 0.063
Northern 9.26b   (7.56 - 11.30) 10.69   (8.80 - 12.93) 0.069
Southern 10.75   (8.66 - 13.26) 10.97   (8.94 - 13.39) 0.792
New Mexico 11.40a (10.06 - 12.90) 13.70 (12.15 - 15.42) 0.001
Region 1 11.92   (9.80 - 14.43) 13.20 (10.97 - 15.80) 0.182
Region 2 11.35   (8.89 - 14.39) 12.56   (9.87 - 15.86) 0.275
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 12.70a (10.63 - 15.11) 16.96 (14.38 - 19.89) 0.000
Region 4 9.41a   (7.14 - 12.30) 11.26   (8.97 - 14.03) 0.047
Region 5 10.04   (8.06 - 12.43) 11.26   (9.16 - 13.78) 0.143
New York 12.77 (11.98 - 13.61) 13.00 (12.18 - 13.87) 0.603
Region A 12.37 (11.19 - 13.65) 12.92 (11.76 - 14.18) 0.362
Region 1 11.16   (9.01 - 13.75) 11.88   (9.96 - 14.12) 0.418
Region 2 12.42 (10.81 - 14.24) 12.99 (11.16 - 15.06) 0.523
Region 3 17.22 (14.21 - 20.70) 15.29 (12.75 - 18.23) 0.156
Region 4 9.37a   (7.75 - 11.27) 11.70   (9.88 - 13.80) 0.003
Region B 11.93 (10.80 - 13.17) 12.30 (11.15 - 13.56) 0.522
Region 5 11.19a   (9.76 - 12.81) 12.74 (11.17 - 14.49) 0.045
Region 6 11.83   (9.94 - 14.01) 10.91   (9.00 - 13.18) 0.273
Region 7 14.45 (12.12 - 17.13) 13.05 (10.97 - 15.46) 0.163
Region C 14.47 (13.28 - 15.74) 13.77 (12.60 - 15.03) 0.229
Region 8 15.93a (13.61 - 18.56) 13.79 (11.69 - 16.20) 0.034
Region 9 13.55 (11.32 - 16.13) 14.27 (12.18 - 16.65) 0.456
Region 10 16.81b (13.81 - 20.31) 14.67 (12.04 - 17.77) 0.065
Region 11 13.68 (11.60 - 16.06) 13.87 (11.67 - 16.41) 0.844
Region 12 13.74 (11.65 - 16.13) 12.89 (10.86 - 15.24) 0.386
Region D 12.54 (10.94 - 14.34) 13.33 (11.69 - 15.16) 0.226
Region 13 12.88 (10.16 - 16.20) 14.45 (11.77 - 17.60) 0.152
Region 14 13.15 (10.80 - 15.93) 13.78 (11.15 - 16.91) 0.504
Region 15 11.64   (9.29 - 14.49) 11.90   (9.67 - 14.56) 0.780
North Carolina1 10.77   (9.53 - 12.15) 10.57   (9.25 - 12.04) 0.710
Alliance 9.86   (7.95 - 12.18) 9.59   (7.77 - 11.79) 0.732
Cardinal Innovations 9.69   (7.38 - 12.63) 10.73   (8.65 - 13.23) 0.235
CenterPoint/Guilford 11.15   (9.00 - 13.74) 11.44   (9.24 - 14.09) 0.702
CenterPoint 9.98   (7.38 - 13.38) 11.16   (8.45 - 14.61) 0.192
Guilford 12.47   (9.58 - 16.07) 11.75   (9.04 - 15.13) 0.461
CoastalCare 13.32 (10.11 - 17.34) 12.55   (9.64 - 16.16) 0.451
Eastpointe 11.40   (8.59 - 14.99) 10.07   (7.79 - 12.92) 0.162
ECBH 13.65a (10.42 - 17.67) 10.24   (7.87 - 13.21) 0.001
MeckLINK 13.15b (10.38 - 16.53) 11.26   (8.72 - 14.41) 0.077
Partners 9.25   (7.14 - 11.91) 10.39   (8.20 - 13.09) 0.186
Sandhills 10.20   (7.52 - 13.69) 10.02   (7.58 - 13.14) 0.840
Smoky Mountain 8.16a   (6.05 - 10.92) 9.76   (7.35 - 12.85) 0.041
Western Highlands 10.51   (7.95 - 13.77) 10.79   (8.34 - 13.85) 0.750
North Dakota 8.09 (7.13 - 9.18) 8.90   (7.82 - 10.11) 0.102
Badlands and West Central 7.20 (5.79 - 8.93) 7.52 (5.97 - 9.44) 0.645
Lake Region and South Central 7.48 (5.75 - 9.68) 8.70   (6.79 - 11.10) 0.101
North Central and Northwest 6.92a (5.37 - 8.87) 8.43   (6.67 - 10.59) 0.024
Northeast 10.36   (8.25 - 12.94) 11.22   (9.18 - 13.64) 0.342
Southeast 8.88   (7.40 - 10.64) 9.56   (8.00 - 11.38) 0.346
Ohio 10.21a   (9.55 - 10.91) 12.08 (11.30 - 12.91) 0.000
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 7.87a (6.36 - 9.70) 10.59   (8.72 - 12.79) 0.000
Boards 3, 52, and 85 8.90   (6.99 - 11.28) 9.61   (7.80 - 11.79) 0.371
Boards 4 and 78 9.14a   (7.04 - 11.79) 11.82   (9.31 - 14.89) 0.003
Boards 5 and 60 11.18a   (9.14 - 13.61) 13.96 (11.52 - 16.80) 0.004
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 7.29 (5.75 - 9.19) 8.17   (6.52 - 10.20) 0.229
Boards 8, 13, and 83 8.59a   (6.86 - 10.70) 10.20   (8.38 - 12.38) 0.033
Board 9 (Butler) 10.44   (8.31 - 13.03) 11.38   (9.33 - 13.81) 0.254
Board 12 9.05a   (7.34 - 11.12) 12.39 (10.05 - 15.18) 0.000
Boards 18 and 47 10.52a   (9.14 - 12.08) 13.06 (11.42 - 14.89) 0.001
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 7.20b (5.61 - 9.20) 8.42   (6.68 - 10.57) 0.054
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 9.06a   (7.19 - 11.35) 10.95   (9.07 - 13.16) 0.017
Boards 22, 74, and 87 9.48   (7.62 - 11.75) 10.36   (8.45 - 12.64) 0.241
Boards 23 and 45 9.33   (7.37 - 11.74) 10.61   (8.59 - 13.04) 0.119
Board 25 (Franklin) 13.69a (11.89 - 15.71) 15.97 (13.92 - 18.27) 0.026
Boards 27, 71, and 73 7.83a   (6.09 - 10.00) 9.42   (7.55 - 11.68) 0.041
Boards 28, 43, and 67 10.17   (8.42 - 12.24) 10.47   (8.70 - 12.56) 0.723
Board 31 (Hamilton) 12.23b (10.25 - 14.54) 14.02 (11.93 - 16.41) 0.067
Board 48 (Lucas) 12.53a (10.23 - 15.26) 14.89 (12.40 - 17.78) 0.023
Boards 50 and 76 10.01b   (8.13 - 12.27) 11.48   (9.65 - 13.60) 0.096
Board 57 (Montgomery) 10.93   (8.90 - 13.36) 12.17 (10.11 - 14.58) 0.176
Board 77 (Summit) 11.15a   (9.18 - 13.48) 13.55 (11.31 - 16.15) 0.015
Oklahoma 10.23   (8.89 - 11.75) 10.07   (8.81 - 11.49) 0.787
Central 9.74   (7.51 - 12.55) 10.47   (8.25 - 13.21) 0.411
East Central 9.83   (7.38 - 12.99) 8.77   (6.61 - 11.55) 0.232
Northeast 9.57   (7.42 - 12.26) 9.16   (7.20 - 11.59) 0.634
Northwest and Southwest 10.78   (8.38 - 13.77) 11.06   (8.70 - 13.97) 0.769
Oklahoma County 10.22   (7.88 - 13.15) 11.63   (9.48 - 14.19) 0.169
Southeast 10.46b   (8.09 - 13.42) 8.82   (6.85 - 11.28) 0.055
Tulsa County 10.79   (8.54 - 13.55) 9.76   (7.68 - 12.34) 0.242
Oregon 14.79a (13.27 - 16.46) 16.66 (14.97 - 18.50) 0.021
Region 1 (Multnomah) 20.59b (17.03 - 24.68) 23.65 (20.02 - 27.71) 0.089
Region 2 12.54 (10.29 - 15.20) 13.79 (11.41 - 16.57) 0.235
Region 3 14.95a (12.79 - 17.41) 17.17 (14.77 - 19.86) 0.050
Region 4 12.29   (9.68 - 15.48) 13.97 (11.22 - 17.26) 0.144
Region 5 (Central) 14.57 (11.09 - 18.92) 13.20 (10.24 - 16.84) 0.236
Region 6 (Eastern) 11.21   (8.53 - 14.59) 12.19   (8.86 - 16.55) 0.371
Pennsylvania 10.22b   (9.51 - 10.97) 10.96 (10.20 - 11.77) 0.055
Region 1 (Allegheny) 12.14 (10.31 - 14.25) 12.73 (10.89 - 14.82) 0.529
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 9.06   (7.34 - 11.15) 8.91   (7.26 - 10.90) 0.832
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 8.55   (6.93 - 10.50) 9.32   (7.70 - 11.25) 0.263
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 9.01   (7.03 - 11.49) 9.53   (7.73 - 11.69) 0.497
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 10.53   (8.60 - 12.84) 10.06   (8.42 - 11.97) 0.533
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 11.83 (10.44 - 13.38) 11.77 (10.40 - 13.29) 0.932
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 8.53   (6.74 - 10.75) 9.06   (7.41 - 11.03) 0.458
Regions 17 and 21 10.80   (8.65 - 13.42) 11.79   (9.55 - 14.47) 0.250
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 8.10 (6.65 - 9.84) 8.79   (7.47 - 10.33) 0.283
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 7.80 (6.36 - 9.54) 8.10 (6.70 - 9.75) 0.626
Regions 29 and 34 7.89a (6.20 - 9.99) 10.27   (8.34 - 12.60) 0.001
Regions 30 and 50 8.41   (6.73 - 10.45) 8.60   (6.80 - 10.82) 0.789
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 13.89a (11.95 - 16.08) 16.73 (14.63 - 19.06) 0.009
Rhode Island 16.07a (14.37 - 17.94) 19.24 (17.35 - 21.27) 0.001
Bristol and Newport 15.53a (12.40 - 19.28) 18.55 (15.15 - 22.50) 0.031
Kent 13.82a (11.04 - 17.17) 17.53 (14.48 - 21.07) 0.005
Providence 16.66a (14.52 - 19.04) 19.60 (17.31 - 22.11) 0.008
Washington 16.79a (13.65 - 20.48) 20.43 (17.09 - 24.22) 0.011
South Carolina 9.87a   (8.67 - 11.23) 11.24   (9.96 - 12.65) 0.020
Region 1 9.48a   (7.65 - 11.69) 11.40   (9.46 - 13.67) 0.019
Region 2 10.03   (8.31 - 12.06) 11.29   (9.50 - 13.36) 0.128
Region 3 9.59b   (7.46 - 12.24) 11.21   (9.02 - 13.86) 0.100
Region 4 10.28   (8.34 - 12.61) 11.03   (9.12 - 13.28) 0.378
South Dakota 8.74 (7.69 - 9.92) 9.08   (7.90 - 10.42) 0.541
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 11.04   (8.96 - 13.52) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 8.66   (6.43 - 11.55) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 8.54   (6.81 - 10.66) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 8.48   (6.49 - 11.01) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 8.26   (6.70 - 10.15) --
Tennessee 9.58   (8.37 - 10.94) 9.06   (7.90 - 10.38) 0.346
Region 1 7.99   (5.93 - 10.69) 8.00   (6.10 - 10.42) 0.995
Region 2 7.59 (5.88 - 9.73) 7.72 (6.00 - 9.87) 0.858
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 8.94   (7.07 - 11.25) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 14.36a (11.41 - 17.91) 12.07   (9.60 - 15.08) 0.044
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 8.74   (6.95 - 10.94) --
Region 6 8.79   (6.65 - 11.54) 8.23   (6.30 - 10.68) 0.458
Region 7 (Shelby) 11.83   (9.29 - 14.95) 10.60   (8.47 - 13.19) 0.200
Texas 8.70a   (8.10 - 9.33) 9.39   (8.72 - 10.11) 0.033
Region 1 9.79   (7.95 - 12.01) 10.68   (8.66 - 13.10) 0.260
Region 2 8.62   (6.64 - 11.12) 8.23   (6.32 - 10.66) 0.560
Region 3 8.81b (7.81 - 9.92) 9.80   (8.77 - 10.92) 0.053
Region 3a 8.32 (7.14 - 9.66) 9.24   (8.01 - 10.63) 0.127
Region 3bc 9.67   (8.20 - 11.39) 10.77   (9.23 - 12.53) 0.132
Region 4 9.21   (7.31 - 11.55) 9.02   (7.23 - 11.19) 0.778
Region 5 8.59   (6.72 - 10.90) 8.98   (7.13 - 11.24) 0.576
Region 6 8.05 (7.06 - 9.18) 8.28 (7.26 - 9.43) 0.650
Region 6a 7.85 (6.78 - 9.06) 8.08 (6.99 - 9.32) 0.670
Region 6bc 9.75   (7.63 - 12.38) 9.99   (7.89 - 12.57) 0.739
Region 7 11.60 (10.15 - 13.22) 12.22 (10.81 - 13.79) 0.341
Region 7a 12.29a (10.40 - 14.47) 14.15 (12.13 - 16.44) 0.044
Region 7bcd 10.45a   (8.56 - 12.70) 8.99   (7.41 - 10.87) 0.039
Region 8 8.12a (6.78 - 9.69) 9.39   (7.95 - 11.06) 0.039
Region 9 8.50   (6.67 - 10.77) 9.00   (7.12 - 11.32) 0.449
Region 10 6.99 (5.37 - 9.04) 7.86 (6.30 - 9.76) 0.158
Region 11 6.80a (5.71 - 8.07) 8.03 (6.83 - 9.43) 0.007
Region 11abd 7.33a (5.91 - 9.06) 9.16   (7.56 - 11.06) 0.002
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 5.81 (4.49 - 7.48) 6.05 (4.69 - 7.77) 0.606
Utah 6.73 (5.81 - 7.79) 7.28 (6.31 - 8.40) 0.280
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 6.72 (4.99 - 8.98) 6.59 (5.11 - 8.45) 0.851
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 5.76 (4.26 - 7.73) 6.40 (4.76 - 8.56) 0.286
Davis County 6.73 (5.06 - 8.91) 6.30 (4.80 - 8.22) 0.487
Salt Lake County 7.72 (6.35 - 9.35) 8.56   (7.09 - 10.31) 0.235
Utah County 5.40a (4.13 - 7.03) 6.55 (5.14 - 8.31) 0.047
Weber, Morgan 6.65 (4.82 - 9.11) 6.67 (4.97 - 8.90) 0.985
Vermont 16.74a (15.13 - 18.49) 18.65 (16.89 - 20.54) 0.033
Champlain Valley 17.73a (15.56 - 20.13) 21.63 (19.24 - 24.22) 0.001
Rural Northeast 17.37 (14.60 - 20.53) 17.24 (14.50 - 20.38) 0.927
Rural Southeast 16.61 (13.67 - 20.03) 16.57 (13.72 - 19.88) 0.979
Rural Southwest 13.59a (11.03 - 16.63) 15.99 (13.19 - 19.25) 0.042
Virginia 9.77   (8.60 - 11.07) 10.13   (8.92 - 11.48) 0.511
Region 1 9.73a   (7.89 - 11.94) 12.28 (10.13 - 14.81) 0.004
Region 2 8.41   (6.73 - 10.47) 7.60 (6.04 - 9.52) 0.251
Region 3 9.63   (7.63 - 12.09) 9.89   (7.91 - 12.29) 0.761
Region 4 9.90   (7.74 - 12.59) 9.79   (7.78 - 12.26) 0.893
Region 5 11.36   (9.24 - 13.90) 12.18 (10.10 - 14.63) 0.374
Washington 13.80a (12.26 - 15.49) 15.54 (13.96 - 17.26) 0.024
Region 1 12.18 (10.01 - 14.73) 13.37 (11.20 - 15.89) 0.165
East 1 (previously Region 1) 12.40   (9.76 - 15.64) 13.97 (11.13 - 17.40) 0.155
East 2 (previously Region 2) 11.87   (9.05 - 15.42) 12.56   (9.95 - 15.73) 0.488
Region 2 14.36a (12.38 - 16.61) 17.01 (14.95 - 19.29) 0.010
North 1 (previously Region 3) 14.63 (11.89 - 17.88) 16.43 (13.74 - 19.52) 0.151
North 2 (previously Region 4) 14.21a (11.84 - 16.96) 17.35 (14.79 - 20.25) 0.012
Region 3 14.07 (12.00 - 16.44) 14.91 (12.79 - 17.30) 0.375
West 1 (previously Region 5) 14.28 (11.54 - 17.55) 15.63 (12.95 - 18.74) 0.262
West 2 (previously Region 6) 13.88 (11.26 - 17.00) 14.24 (11.58 - 17.38) 0.755
West Virginia 9.94   (8.69 - 11.33) 9.79   (8.63 - 11.10) 0.807
Region I 9.24   (6.82 - 12.41) 8.74   (6.60 - 11.50) 0.567
Region II 9.51   (7.31 - 12.27) 9.93   (7.80 - 12.55) 0.634
Region III 8.14   (6.04 - 10.88) 7.41 (5.63 - 9.69) 0.295
Region IV 11.57b   (9.47 - 14.07) 13.38 (11.34 - 15.73) 0.057
Region V 10.28b   (8.45 - 12.46) 8.77   (7.26 - 10.56) 0.073
Region VI 9.09   (7.10 - 11.57) 8.66   (6.76 - 11.03) 0.587
Wisconsin 10.36   (9.13 - 11.73) 10.28   (9.01 - 11.71) 0.895
Milwaukee 11.70b   (9.31 - 14.60) 13.67 (10.85 - 17.09) 0.077
Northeastern 8.90   (7.15 - 11.03) 8.76   (7.08 - 10.79) 0.856
Northern 8.14   (6.04 - 10.88) 7.94   (5.94 - 10.54) 0.790
Southeastern 9.67   (7.70 - 12.08) 10.32   (8.22 - 12.89) 0.455
Southern 12.74a (10.39 - 15.52) 10.43   (8.58 - 12.63) 0.012
Western 10.26   (8.16 - 12.82) 9.86   (7.85 - 12.31) 0.640
Wyoming 9.33   (8.20 - 10.59) 10.04   (8.81 - 11.42) 0.224
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 8.83   (6.96 - 11.13) 9.47   (7.50 - 11.89) 0.430
Judicial District 2 14.67 (11.87 - 18.00) 14.87 (12.15 - 18.07) 0.861
Judicial District 3 6.85 (5.32 - 8.78) 6.64 (5.15 - 8.51) 0.743
Judicial District 4 8.37   (6.11 - 11.36) 9.48   (7.31 - 12.22) 0.213
Judicial District 5 7.94   (6.02 - 10.39) 7.98   (6.00 - 10.52) 0.962
Judicial District 6 8.10   (6.23 - 10.47) 8.59   (6.62 - 11.08) 0.551
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 10.96   (8.68 - 13.75) 10.87   (8.77 - 13.39) 0.921
Judicial District 8 8.82   (6.58 - 11.74) 9.73   (7.46 - 12.58) 0.296
Judicial District 9 10.29a   (7.83 - 13.42) 13.26 (10.21 - 17.05) 0.015
140403
Table 3 – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 6.58a (6.40 - 6.77) 7.01 (6.82 - 7.20) 0.000
Northeast 7.30b (6.95 - 7.66) 7.66 (7.25 - 8.08) 0.075
Midwest 6.19a (5.93 - 6.47) 6.68 (6.39 - 7.00) 0.001
South 5.55 (5.30 - 5.80) 5.74 (5.47 - 6.01) 0.163
West 8.02a (7.59 - 8.47) 8.82 (8.37 - 9.30) 0.001
Alabama 4.88 (4.09 - 5.81) 5.02 (4.21 - 5.98) 0.706
Region 1 4.54 (3.38 - 6.07) 5.07 (3.82 - 6.69) 0.314
Region 2 5.20 (4.03 - 6.68) 5.56 (4.34 - 7.09) 0.506
Region 3 5.75a (4.32 - 7.63) 4.28 (3.16 - 5.75) 0.004
Region 4 4.15 (3.02 - 5.66) 4.77 (3.60 - 6.30) 0.208
Alaska 11.49   (9.93 - 13.25) 12.34 (10.72 - 14.17) 0.327
Anchorage 11.11   (9.17 - 13.40) 12.48 (10.39 - 14.91) 0.194
Northern 12.73 (10.09 - 15.94) 13.14 (10.50 - 16.31) 0.755
South Central 11.35   (8.68 - 14.73) 11.42   (8.90 - 14.55) 0.958
Southeast 10.82   (8.01 - 14.45) 12.43   (9.38 - 16.31) 0.228
Arizona 6.50 (5.42 - 7.78) 6.97 (5.86 - 8.27) 0.376
Maricopa 6.17 (4.94 - 7.68) 6.66 (5.44 - 8.12) 0.436
Pima 7.98   (5.85 - 10.80) 8.17   (6.10 - 10.86) 0.828
Rural North 7.02 (5.10 - 9.59) 7.43   (5.41 - 10.12) 0.614
Rural South 5.77 (4.07 - 8.13) 6.59 (4.57 - 9.41) 0.203
Arkansas 5.53 (4.63 - 6.59) 4.95 (4.15 - 5.91) 0.134
Catchment Area 1 5.52 (3.97 - 7.62) 5.25 (3.88 - 7.07) 0.638
Catchment Area 2 4.84 (3.37 - 6.90) 4.46 (3.11 - 6.35) 0.477
Catchment Area 3 5.31a (3.83 - 7.32) 3.99 (2.83 - 5.58) 0.016
Catchment Area 4 4.78 (3.31 - 6.87) 4.98 (3.46 - 7.13) 0.728
Catchment Area 5 6.18b (4.69 - 8.10) 5.05 (3.67 - 6.91) 0.063
Catchment Area 6 6.46 (4.56 - 9.07) 5.46 (3.83 - 7.73) 0.168
Catchment Area 7 5.16a (3.55 - 7.43) 3.98 (2.71 - 5.81) 0.022
Catchment Area 8 5.78 (4.28 - 7.77) 5.82 (4.48 - 7.53) 0.951
California 8.05b (7.39 - 8.76) 8.74 (8.06 - 9.48) 0.059
Region 1R 13.99 (10.68 - 18.11) 15.38 (11.77 - 19.86) 0.330
Region 2R 8.24a   (6.32 - 10.69) 10.82   (8.40 - 13.83) 0.003
Region 3R (Sacramento) 9.44   (7.22 - 12.24) 10.46   (8.12 - 13.37) 0.267
Region 4R 8.18a   (6.19 - 10.73) 10.30   (8.07 - 13.06) 0.016
Region 5R (San Francisco) 12.71   (9.55 - 16.72) 13.47 (10.18 - 17.61) 0.602
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 6.68 (5.07 - 8.76) 6.50 (5.02 - 8.39) 0.781
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 8.61   (6.39 - 11.49) 8.80   (6.67 - 11.53) 0.818
Region 8R (Alameda) 9.08   (7.06 - 11.61) 9.06   (7.05 - 11.58) 0.981
Region 9R (San Mateo) 7.19 (5.25 - 9.76) 7.54   (5.44 - 10.35) 0.632
Region 10 10.85   (8.47 - 13.79) 9.29   (7.10 - 12.06) 0.112
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 7.21a (6.35 - 8.18) 8.04 (7.13 - 9.05) 0.044
LA SPA 1 and 5 9.04   (6.77 - 11.98) 9.27   (7.01 - 12.16) 0.789
LA SPA 2 6.84 (5.28 - 8.83) 6.98 (5.40 - 8.97) 0.837
LA SPA 3 5.93 (4.53 - 7.72) 6.08 (4.72 - 7.81) 0.768
LA SPA 4 7.88a   (5.94 - 10.39) 9.88   (7.52 - 12.88) 0.021
LA SPA 6 7.20a (5.37 - 9.60) 10.00   (7.71 - 12.88) 0.001
LA SPA 7 6.39 (4.82 - 8.43) 6.19 (4.65 - 8.18) 0.726
LA SPA 8 8.14a   (6.16 - 10.69) 9.91   (7.85 - 12.43) 0.044
Region 12R 7.75   (5.60 - 10.63) 8.16   (5.95 - 11.09) 0.603
Regions 13 and 19R 8.05   (6.36 - 10.14) 8.12 (6.61 - 9.94) 0.919
Region 13 (Riverside) 8.26   (6.46 - 10.50) 8.31   (6.69 - 10.27) 0.943
Region 19R (Imperial) 5.40 (3.89 - 7.46) 5.72 (4.01 - 8.10) 0.564
Region 14 (Orange) 6.49 (5.23 - 8.02) 7.18 (5.85 - 8.78) 0.255
Region 15R (Fresno) 7.09 (5.24 - 9.51) 7.81   (5.83 - 10.38) 0.270
Region 16R (San Diego) 8.85   (7.20 - 10.82) 9.10   (7.48 - 11.03) 0.725
Region 17R 6.78 (5.23 - 8.74) 7.68 (5.91 - 9.92) 0.167
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 6.13a (4.72 - 7.94) 7.76 (6.21 - 9.65) 0.007
Region 20R 7.95   (5.97 - 10.51) 8.51   (6.47 - 11.11) 0.444
Region 21R 11.03   (8.34 - 14.45) 12.25   (9.43 - 15.77) 0.274
Colorado 11.18   (9.68 - 12.89) 11.66 (10.17 - 13.34) 0.528
Region 1 11.16b   (8.62 - 14.31) 9.59   (7.39 - 12.35) 0.076
Regions 2 and 7 12.20 (10.17 - 14.57) 13.45 (11.36 - 15.84) 0.239
Region 3 8.99   (6.86 - 11.70) 9.08   (6.92 - 11.82) 0.919
Region 4 8.12   (5.73 - 11.39) 8.50   (5.84 - 12.21) 0.662
Regions 5 and 6 10.57   (7.72 - 14.30) 10.11   (7.47 - 13.54) 0.682
Connecticut 7.55 (6.46 - 8.80) 8.32 (7.13 - 9.68) 0.147
Eastern 9.00   (6.62 - 12.11) 7.86   (6.03 - 10.20) 0.189
North Central 7.54 (6.01 - 9.43) 8.33   (6.60 - 10.45) 0.272
Northwestern 7.66   (5.82 - 10.01) 7.44 (5.58 - 9.85) 0.769
South Central 8.03a   (6.34 - 10.12) 10.06   (7.92 - 12.70) 0.019
Southwest 5.89b (4.30 - 8.01) 7.23 (5.42 - 9.59) 0.053
Delaware 6.87 (5.84 - 8.06) 7.00 (6.02 - 8.13) 0.781
Kent 6.83 (5.10 - 9.10) 6.04 (4.48 - 8.11) 0.235
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 6.77 (5.57 - 8.21) 7.14 (5.96 - 8.54) 0.536
Sussex 5.84 (4.33 - 7.83) 6.32 (4.80 - 8.29) 0.469
Wilmington City 10.10   (7.56 - 13.36) 10.11   (7.57 - 13.38) 0.990
District of Columbia 9.25b   (7.97 - 10.70) 10.45   (9.05 - 12.03) 0.071
Ward 1 9.99b   (7.51 - 13.17) 11.77   (8.93 - 15.36) 0.100
Ward 2 8.88a   (6.63 - 11.78) 10.75   (8.34 - 13.75) 0.046
Ward 3 6.88a (5.13 - 9.17) 9.05   (6.93 - 11.73) 0.007
Ward 4 8.64   (6.21 - 11.90) 9.99   (7.31 - 13.51) 0.210
Ward 5 9.52   (6.97 - 12.87) 10.81   (8.35 - 13.88) 0.235
Ward 6 9.14   (6.76 - 12.25) 10.33   (7.64 - 13.83) 0.258
Ward 7 10.29   (7.82 - 13.44) 9.57   (7.13 - 12.72) 0.480
Ward 8 11.24   (8.58 - 14.60) 11.44   (8.99 - 14.44) 0.859
Florida 6.12 (5.54 - 6.75) 6.48 (5.91 - 7.11) 0.256
Region A - Northwest 7.40a (6.09 - 8.97) 8.51   (7.22 - 10.00) 0.046
Circuit 1 6.76 (5.10 - 8.93) 7.43 (5.80 - 9.47) 0.352
Circuit 2 8.90b   (6.65 - 11.81) 10.62   (8.38 - 13.38) 0.059
Circuit 14 6.97b (4.88 - 9.85) 8.23   (6.00 - 11.18) 0.099
Region B - Northeast 7.38 (6.26 - 8.69) 7.53 (6.41 - 8.84) 0.760
Circuits 3 and 8 7.91   (6.04 - 10.29) 8.92   (6.98 - 11.34) 0.213
Circuit 4 7.75 (6.05 - 9.87) 7.81 (6.09 - 9.95) 0.934
Circuit 7 6.60 (4.90 - 8.83) 6.28 (4.84 - 8.11) 0.600
Region C - Central 5.77a (4.99 - 6.66) 6.72 (5.86 - 7.70) 0.013
Circuit 5 5.33 (4.01 - 7.07) 5.62 (4.25 - 7.38) 0.609
Circuit 9 5.89a (4.62 - 7.47) 7.63 (6.18 - 9.40) 0.006
Circuit 10 4.97b (3.62 - 6.79) 6.10 (4.64 - 7.99) 0.056
Circuit 18 6.86 (5.23 - 8.95) 7.49 (5.81 - 9.61) 0.374
Circuit 19 5.44 (3.92 - 7.50) 6.08 (4.44 - 8.27) 0.304
Region D - Southeast 5.58 (4.67 - 6.65) 5.25 (4.40 - 6.27) 0.441
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 5.11 (3.87 - 6.73) 5.20 (4.00 - 6.74) 0.860
Circuit 17 (Broward) 5.93 (4.75 - 7.38) 5.29 (4.23 - 6.60) 0.238
Region E - Sun Coast 6.19 (5.32 - 7.20) 6.81 (5.88 - 7.88) 0.190
Circuit 6 5.82a (4.46 - 7.57) 7.58 (5.96 - 9.61) 0.013
Circuit 12 5.68 (4.11 - 7.80) 6.55 (4.84 - 8.81) 0.218
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 6.76 (5.36 - 8.48) 6.66 (5.40 - 8.18) 0.878
Circuit 20 6.40 (4.85 - 8.40) 6.20 (4.70 - 8.15) 0.772
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 5.31 (4.28 - 6.56) 4.82 (3.98 - 5.82) 0.274
Georgia 5.39 (4.53 - 6.40) 5.34 (4.49 - 6.33) 0.900
Region 1 4.49 (3.35 - 6.00) 4.50 (3.42 - 5.88) 0.998
Region 2 4.83 (3.44 - 6.75) 4.54 (3.28 - 6.26) 0.535
Region 3 6.58 (5.15 - 8.38) 6.50 (5.10 - 8.26) 0.909
Region 4 5.40 (3.65 - 7.92) 5.62 (3.95 - 7.93) 0.730
Region 5 5.36 (3.89 - 7.33) 5.77 (4.00 - 8.27) 0.485
Region 6 4.91 (3.51 - 6.82) 4.70 (3.40 - 6.47) 0.690
Hawaii 8.00 (6.70 - 9.53) 7.06 (5.96 - 8.34) 0.161
Hawaii Island 13.01a   (9.62 - 17.37) 9.27   (6.82 - 12.47) 0.008
Honolulu 6.41 (5.14 - 7.97) 6.21 (5.11 - 7.52) 0.761
Kauai and Maui 10.70b   (8.04 - 14.10) 8.85   (6.72 - 11.58) 0.090
Kauai 10.37   (7.04 - 15.02) 8.78   (5.99 - 12.68) 0.174
Maui 10.85   (7.78 - 14.93) 8.88   (6.48 - 12.06) 0.116
Idaho 6.95 (5.93 - 8.14) 6.44 (5.43 - 7.62) 0.249
Region 1 7.72a   (5.56 - 10.61) 5.60 (3.95 - 7.88) 0.005
Region 2 7.33   (5.16 - 10.32) 7.69   (5.53 - 10.58) 0.616
Region 3 6.07 (4.52 - 8.10) 6.18 (4.56 - 8.33) 0.854
Region 4 8.51   (6.83 - 10.55) 8.00   (6.29 - 10.13) 0.519
Region 5 6.01a (4.33 - 8.29) 4.70 (3.33 - 6.59) 0.012
Region 6 6.37 (4.57 - 8.82) 6.76 (4.86 - 9.32) 0.562
Region 7 4.78 (3.43 - 6.62) 4.86 (3.50 - 6.73) 0.858
Illinois 6.09a (5.56 - 6.68) 6.75 (6.21 - 7.34) 0.026
Region I (Cook) 7.00a (6.13 - 7.98) 8.21 (7.30 - 9.22) 0.014
Region II 5.46 (4.73 - 6.29) 5.53 (4.81 - 6.35) 0.841
Region III 6.06 (5.06 - 7.24) 6.12 (5.09 - 7.35) 0.888
Region IV 4.61 (3.56 - 5.97) 4.81 (3.75 - 6.16) 0.659
Region V 5.62a (4.58 - 6.89) 6.75 (5.54 - 8.20) 0.033
Indiana 6.26 (5.32 - 7.35) 6.45 (5.46 - 7.59) 0.655
Central 6.35 (4.88 - 8.23) 6.76 (5.17 - 8.81) 0.507
East 6.02 (4.38 - 8.23) 6.79 (4.92 - 9.30) 0.234
North Central 5.99 (4.43 - 8.05) 6.83 (5.11 - 9.07) 0.197
Northeast 6.10 (4.43 - 8.35) 5.22 (3.81 - 7.12) 0.116
Northwest 6.64 (4.76 - 9.21) 6.67 (4.85 - 9.11) 0.975
Southeast 5.67 (4.09 - 7.82) 5.42 (4.00 - 7.30) 0.646
Southwest 4.98 (3.44 - 7.16) 5.30 (3.70 - 7.54) 0.539
West 7.81   (5.97 - 10.15) 7.60   (5.66 - 10.12) 0.774
Iowa 4.50a (3.76 - 5.38) 5.69 (4.79 - 6.73) 0.002
Central 4.94b (3.65 - 6.65) 5.96 (4.47 - 7.91) 0.093
North Central 4.20a (3.00 - 5.83) 7.79   (5.72 - 10.51) 0.000
Northeast 5.13 (3.93 - 6.66) 5.22 (4.03 - 6.74) 0.860
Northwest 3.43 (2.42 - 4.83) 3.79 (2.65 - 5.39) 0.412
Southeast 4.72a (3.56 - 6.24) 6.52 (4.94 - 8.57) 0.003
Southwest 3.76a (2.54 - 5.52) 5.12 (3.68 - 7.09) 0.005
Kansas 5.21b (4.34 - 6.25) 4.55 (3.75 - 5.50) 0.068
Kansas City Metro 6.11a (4.78 - 7.78) 4.82 (3.74 - 6.19) 0.013
Northeast 5.21b (3.77 - 7.16) 4.31 (3.11 - 5.94) 0.065
South Central 4.26 (2.96 - 6.10) 4.15 (2.88 - 5.94) 0.801
Southeast 5.17 (3.49 - 7.58) 4.95 (3.35 - 7.26) 0.697
West 4.07 (2.87 - 5.75) 4.34 (3.06 - 6.12) 0.532
Wichita (Sedgwick) 4.91 (3.55 - 6.77) 4.54 (3.30 - 6.22) 0.461
Kentucky 4.65a (3.88 - 5.57) 5.36 (4.52 - 6.34) 0.049
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 3.48 (2.45 - 4.92) 3.78 (2.71 - 5.24) 0.487
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 4.98 (3.85 - 6.40) 5.48 (4.32 - 6.92) 0.322
Communicare and River Valley 4.59 (3.22 - 6.51) 5.43 (3.84 - 7.63) 0.127
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 5.01 (3.57 - 6.97) 5.06 (3.55 - 7.15) 0.922
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 3.80 (2.69 - 5.35) 4.04 (2.82 - 5.77) 0.570
Seven Counties 5.47a (4.07 - 7.31) 7.16 (5.54 - 9.21) 0.007
Louisiana 4.86 (4.09 - 5.78) 4.50 (3.80 - 5.33) 0.286
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 5.95 (4.65 - 7.58) --
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 6.39 (4.69 - 8.64) --
Region 10 (Jefferson) 5.53 (3.87 - 7.85) 5.51 (3.96 - 7.62) 0.967
Regions 2 and 9 5.48b (4.31 - 6.95) 4.60 (3.62 - 5.82) 0.059
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 4.50 (3.16 - 6.37) --
Regions 4, 5, and 6 3.99 (2.97 - 5.34) 3.74 (2.77 - 5.05) 0.536
Regions 7 and 8 4.38 (3.27 - 5.84) 3.99 (2.96 - 5.35) 0.357
Maine 9.55b   (8.25 - 11.03) 8.41 (7.27 - 9.70) 0.070
Aroostook/Downeast 7.15 (5.30 - 9.58) 6.88 (5.26 - 8.96) 0.710
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 6.49 (4.56 - 9.17) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 7.20   (5.10 - 10.06) --
Central 10.22a   (7.83 - 13.23) 8.24   (6.34 - 10.65) 0.031
Cumberland 11.50a   (9.20 - 14.28) 9.38   (7.38 - 11.86) 0.041
Midcoast 8.65   (6.29 - 11.79) 7.76   (5.67 - 10.53) 0.344
Penquis 9.31   (7.04 - 12.22) 8.55   (6.64 - 10.95) 0.396
Western 9.55   (7.36 - 12.32) 9.47   (7.33 - 12.15) 0.926
York 9.11   (6.75 - 12.20) 7.72   (5.85 - 10.12) 0.128
Maryland 5.70 (4.75 - 6.84) 5.69 (4.84 - 6.68) 0.982
Anne Arundel 5.51 (3.95 - 7.64) 5.12 (3.64 - 7.16) 0.486
Baltimore City 7.40   (5.35 - 10.15) 8.17   (6.27 - 10.58) 0.333
Baltimore County 6.40a (4.67 - 8.70) 5.21 (3.81 - 7.09) 0.050
Montgomery 4.57 (3.27 - 6.36) 5.38 (4.00 - 7.20) 0.149
North Central 5.14 (3.63 - 7.23) 5.25 (3.78 - 7.25) 0.836
Northeast 5.90b (4.16 - 8.30) 4.85 (3.41 - 6.85) 0.073
Prince George's 6.13 (4.43 - 8.42) 5.83 (4.29 - 7.89) 0.634
South 5.12a (3.64 - 7.16) 6.63 (4.81 - 9.08) 0.014
West 4.95 (3.51 - 6.96) 4.59 (3.27 - 6.40) 0.470
Massachusetts 9.21   (8.07 - 10.49) 9.73   (8.49 - 11.13) 0.386
Boston 10.39   (7.77 - 13.75) 11.54   (9.03 - 14.64) 0.260
Central 8.66   (6.62 - 11.27) 9.87   (7.58 - 12.77) 0.163
Metrowest 7.72b (6.16 - 9.65) 9.19   (7.29 - 11.53) 0.051
Northeast 8.50   (6.65 - 10.80) 9.10   (7.19 - 11.47) 0.460
Southeast 9.93   (7.85 - 12.50) 9.91   (7.82 - 12.47) 0.981
Western 11.27b   (8.88 - 14.21) 9.52   (7.37 - 12.22) 0.065
Michigan 8.04a (7.39 - 8.74) 8.74 (8.07 - 9.47) 0.047
Detroit City 12.10   (9.89 - 14.73) 13.59 (11.17 - 16.45) 0.191
Genesee 10.74   (8.37 - 13.69) 9.57   (7.67 - 11.89) 0.210
Kalamazoo 7.45b (5.87 - 9.39) 8.86   (7.06 - 11.05) 0.053
Kent 7.21b (5.65 - 9.16) 8.48   (6.81 - 10.51) 0.076
Lakeshore 7.96 (6.41 - 9.84) 7.52 (6.02 - 9.36) 0.513
Macomb 7.33 (5.88 - 9.10) 7.06 (5.73 - 8.67) 0.679
Mid South 7.82 (6.41 - 9.51) 8.27   (6.79 - 10.04) 0.470
Northern 8.31   (6.74 - 10.21) 9.06   (7.44 - 10.98) 0.306
Oakland 7.25 (5.91 - 8.86) 7.90 (6.56 - 9.48) 0.312
Pathways and Western 8.28a   (6.34 - 10.75) 11.44   (9.04 - 14.38) 0.001
Riverhaven 7.21 (5.42 - 9.55) 7.93   (6.07 - 10.30) 0.337
Saginaw 7.89   (6.03 - 10.26) 8.74   (6.58 - 11.51) 0.236
Southeast 6.90a (5.67 - 8.39) 8.66   (7.22 - 10.36) 0.009
St. Clair 5.71a (4.21 - 7.71) 7.80   (5.92 - 10.23) 0.002
Washtenaw 8.81   (7.01 - 11.02) 8.20   (6.66 - 10.07) 0.414
Minnesota 6.00 (5.09 - 7.06) 6.24 (5.32 - 7.31) 0.570
Regions 1 and 2 7.31 (5.38 - 9.86) 6.21 (4.37 - 8.76) 0.132
Regions 3 and 4 6.02 (4.56 - 7.90) 5.86 (4.44 - 7.71) 0.803
Regions 5 and 6 4.78a (3.64 - 6.26) 6.69 (5.14 - 8.68) 0.000
Region 7A (Hennepin) 6.02 (4.50 - 8.00) 6.52 (5.07 - 8.34) 0.444
Region 7B (Ramsey) 6.35 (4.60 - 8.71) 7.19   (5.12 - 10.01) 0.271
Region 7C 6.26 (4.78 - 8.16) 5.46 (4.17 - 7.12) 0.194
Mississippi 4.60a (3.79 - 5.57) 5.46 (4.62 - 6.46) 0.030
Region 1 4.68 (3.50 - 6.24) 5.25 (4.00 - 6.87) 0.287
Region 2 5.26 (3.67 - 7.50) 5.99 (4.40 - 8.12) 0.256
Region 3 4.02a (2.86 - 5.62) 5.30 (3.84 - 7.27) 0.016
Region 4 4.18a (3.07 - 5.67) 5.41 (4.07 - 7.15) 0.020
Region 5 4.66 (3.18 - 6.78) 4.75 (3.21 - 6.96) 0.875
Region 6 4.91 (3.41 - 7.01) 4.81 (3.48 - 6.62) 0.862
Region 7 4.71a (3.34 - 6.60) 6.27 (4.65 - 8.40) 0.015
Missouri 6.06 (5.12 - 7.18) 5.88 (4.99 - 6.91) 0.645
Central 5.73 (4.14 - 7.88) 5.18 (3.80 - 7.01) 0.295
Eastern 6.97 (5.60 - 8.65) 6.79 (5.52 - 8.32) 0.742
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 6.86 (5.27 - 8.90) 7.29 (5.68 - 9.33) 0.536
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 7.16b (5.20 - 9.77) 5.91 (4.43 - 7.83) 0.053
Northwest 5.74 (4.54 - 7.23) 5.83 (4.62 - 7.31) 0.856
Northwest (Jackson) 6.32 (4.71 - 8.43) 6.47 (4.89 - 8.52) 0.803
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 5.24 (3.84 - 7.12) 5.28 (3.88 - 7.13) 0.943
Southeast 4.78 (3.39 - 6.71) 4.19 (2.97 - 5.88) 0.230
Southwest 5.75 (4.19 - 7.83) 5.83 (4.29 - 7.86) 0.897
Montana 8.91a   (7.72 - 10.26) 10.65   (9.32 - 12.15) 0.005
Region 1 6.52 (4.58 - 9.21) 7.68   (5.53 - 10.57) 0.125
Region 2 7.27a (5.44 - 9.66) 9.66   (7.25 - 12.76) 0.004
Region 3 7.33a (5.61 - 9.51) 10.13   (8.00 - 12.75) 0.002
Region 4 10.83   (8.82 - 13.23) 11.87   (9.71 - 14.42) 0.290
Region 5 9.67   (7.75 - 12.00) 11.17   (9.10 - 13.63) 0.114
Nebraska 5.56 (4.71 - 6.54) 5.32 (4.48 - 6.30) 0.540
Regions 1 and 2 4.39 (3.27 - 5.88) 4.21 (3.00 - 5.89) 0.647
Region 1 4.30 (2.93 - 6.26) 4.49 (2.94 - 6.80) 0.691
Region 2 4.47 (3.06 - 6.49) 3.96 (2.63 - 5.92) 0.245
Region 3 3.95 (2.83 - 5.48) 4.44 (3.19 - 6.15) 0.258
Region 4 4.51a (3.10 - 6.52) 3.03 (2.05 - 4.46) 0.000
Region 5 5.60 (4.34 - 7.19) 4.91 (3.76 - 6.39) 0.198
Region 6 6.63 (5.34 - 8.21) 6.71 (5.42 - 8.28) 0.898
Nevada1 7.36 (6.18 - 8.76) 7.97 (6.63 - 9.54) 0.341
Clark - Region 1 7.09 (5.77 - 8.68) 7.71 (6.24 - 9.50) 0.365
Region 3 7.07 (5.02 - 9.86) 7.26 (5.36 - 9.77) 0.776
Capital District -- (-- - --) 7.25   (4.98 - 10.45) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 7.27   (4.94 - 10.59) --
Washoe - Region 2 8.88   (6.73 - 11.61) 9.67   (7.35 - 12.64) 0.430
New Hampshire 9.81b   (8.54 - 11.26) 8.72 (7.60 - 9.99) 0.065
Central 9.46   (7.80 - 11.43) 9.19   (7.59 - 11.10) 0.717
Central 1 10.24   (7.94 - 13.12) 11.24   (8.95 - 14.03) 0.333
Central 2 8.73b   (6.75 - 11.21) 7.21 (5.51 - 9.37) 0.058
Northern 10.36   (7.89 - 13.49) 9.90   (7.57 - 12.84) 0.632
Southern 9.86a   (8.34 - 11.62) 8.23 (7.00 - 9.65) 0.013
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 11.16a   (8.79 - 14.07) 8.18   (6.52 - 10.20) 0.001
Southern 2 9.05   (7.36 - 11.10) 8.26   (6.77 - 10.05) 0.290
New Jersey 5.42a (4.54 - 6.45) 6.30 (5.32 - 7.45) 0.031
Central 5.43 (4.10 - 7.15) 6.03 (4.61 - 7.85) 0.274
Metropolitan 5.57 (4.21 - 7.35) 5.82 (4.47 - 7.55) 0.658
Northern 5.03a (3.89 - 6.49) 6.50 (5.01 - 8.39) 0.009
Southern 5.79b (4.34 - 7.70) 6.83 (5.24 - 8.86) 0.087
New Mexico 6.85a (5.82 - 8.05) 8.59 (7.37 - 9.99) 0.002
Region 1 7.10 (5.48 - 9.15) 8.08   (6.33 - 10.28) 0.193
Region 2 7.50   (5.52 - 10.11) 7.75   (5.76 - 10.34) 0.767
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 7.71a (6.14 - 9.65) 11.16   (9.13 - 13.57) 0.000
Region 4 5.11a (3.63 - 7.14) 6.54 (4.83 - 8.78) 0.018
Region 5 5.79 (4.38 - 7.62) 6.82 (5.16 - 8.95) 0.103
New York 7.67 (7.03 - 8.36) 7.80 (7.16 - 8.50) 0.702
Region A 6.82 (6.03 - 7.71) 7.40 (6.54 - 8.35) 0.160
Region 1 6.70 (5.17 - 8.63) 7.02 (5.53 - 8.88) 0.606
Region 2 6.68b (5.59 - 7.95) 7.86 (6.52 - 9.45) 0.059
Region 3 8.78b   (6.88 - 11.14) 7.24 (5.69 - 9.18) 0.055
Region 4 5.61a (4.46 - 7.03) 7.12 (5.78 - 8.75) 0.005
Region B 7.69 (6.72 - 8.79) 7.70 (6.72 - 8.81) 0.983
Region 5 7.50 (6.23 - 9.01) 7.88 (6.64 - 9.32) 0.564
Region 6 7.00 (5.56 - 8.79) 6.93 (5.36 - 8.92) 0.913
Region 7 9.33   (7.47 - 11.59) 8.33   (6.57 - 10.52) 0.251
Region C 9.09b   (8.10 - 10.19) 8.31 (7.39 - 9.33) 0.100
Region 8 10.37a   (8.39 - 12.74) 8.26   (6.66 - 10.20) 0.012
Region 9 8.74   (6.96 - 10.92) 8.87   (7.15 - 10.95) 0.864
Region 10 9.87   (7.70 - 12.55) 8.96   (6.93 - 11.52) 0.294
Region 11 8.00 (6.45 - 9.87) 7.90 (6.28 - 9.90) 0.894
Region 12 8.97   (7.32 - 10.95) 8.01 (6.40 - 9.99) 0.203
Region D 7.78b (6.54 - 9.24) 8.76   (7.37 - 10.37) 0.079
Region 13 7.45a (5.53 - 9.96) 9.36   (7.14 - 12.19) 0.019
Region 14 7.95   (6.15 - 10.22) 9.16   (6.99 - 11.92) 0.107
Region 15 7.92   (6.05 - 10.32) 7.82   (5.96 - 10.18) 0.887
North Carolina1 6.70 (5.66 - 7.92) 6.89 (5.83 - 8.13) 0.673
Alliance 6.43 (4.81 - 8.54) 6.67 (5.12 - 8.63) 0.716
Cardinal Innovations 6.16 (4.42 - 8.53) 6.50 (4.92 - 8.54) 0.593
CenterPoint/Guilford 6.61 (5.04 - 8.63) 6.81 (5.16 - 8.95) 0.706
CenterPoint 6.06 (4.22 - 8.63) 6.74 (4.66 - 9.66) 0.284
Guilford 7.23   (5.12 - 10.10) 6.89 (4.92 - 9.57) 0.619
CoastalCare 6.86 (4.83 - 9.68) 7.50   (5.28 - 10.56) 0.340
Eastpointe 7.46   (5.36 - 10.30) 6.86 (5.01 - 9.32) 0.384
ECBH 7.97   (5.67 - 11.11) 6.83 (4.92 - 9.42) 0.116
MeckLINK 7.69   (5.65 - 10.38) 7.27   (5.17 - 10.13) 0.600
Partners 6.29 (4.67 - 8.42) 6.98 (5.13 - 9.44) 0.302
Sandhills 6.73 (4.61 - 9.73) 6.61 (4.66 - 9.31) 0.859
Smoky Mountain 5.04a (3.49 - 7.23) 6.57 (4.57 - 9.35) 0.012
Western Highlands 7.11 (5.06 - 9.92) 8.00   (5.66 - 11.18) 0.262
North Dakota 4.25 (3.55 - 5.09) 4.54 (3.77 - 5.46) 0.432
Badlands and West Central 4.00 (3.00 - 5.33) 3.59 (2.61 - 4.92) 0.347
Lake Region and South Central 4.16 (2.93 - 5.87) 4.66 (3.33 - 6.49) 0.359
North Central and Northwest 3.43 (2.41 - 4.87) 4.05 (2.93 - 5.59) 0.156
Northeast 4.76b (3.47 - 6.50) 5.71 (4.32 - 7.51) 0.084
Southeast 4.80 (3.75 - 6.13) 5.17 (3.98 - 6.69) 0.501
Ohio 5.93a (5.41 - 6.49) 6.94 (6.38 - 7.55) 0.001
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 4.53a (3.45 - 5.94) 6.79 (5.29 - 8.68) 0.000
Boards 3, 52, and 85 4.54a (3.36 - 6.11) 5.58 (4.25 - 7.30) 0.041
Boards 4 and 78 4.72a (3.41 - 6.50) 6.47 (4.70 - 8.85) 0.003
Boards 5 and 60 6.32a (4.93 - 8.07) 8.65   (6.79 - 10.95) 0.000
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 3.96 (2.94 - 5.33) 4.77 (3.59 - 6.32) 0.102
Boards 8, 13, and 83 4.57b (3.43 - 6.07) 5.49 (4.25 - 7.05) 0.070
Board 9 (Butler) 5.84b (4.41 - 7.71) 6.86 (5.30 - 8.82) 0.081
Board 12 5.46 (4.13 - 7.20) 6.21 (4.66 - 8.23) 0.195
Boards 18 and 47 6.25b (5.22 - 7.47) 7.32 (6.17 - 8.66) 0.053
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 3.70a (2.67 - 5.11) 4.79 (3.52 - 6.49) 0.011
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 4.80a (3.57 - 6.41) 6.24 (4.80 - 8.09) 0.010
Boards 22, 74, and 87 6.18 (4.70 - 8.07) 6.39 (4.90 - 8.31) 0.695
Boards 23 and 45 5.42b (4.05 - 7.23) 6.43 (4.90 - 8.40) 0.086
Board 25 (Franklin) 8.57   (7.09 - 10.32) 9.30   (7.73 - 11.16) 0.366
Boards 27, 71, and 73 4.89 (3.63 - 6.57) 5.18 (3.88 - 6.87) 0.550
Boards 28, 43, and 67 6.03 (4.75 - 7.62) 6.27 (4.91 - 7.96) 0.673
Board 31 (Hamilton) 6.83 (5.40 - 8.61) 7.82 (6.32 - 9.65) 0.138
Board 48 (Lucas) 6.65 (5.16 - 8.54) 7.69 (5.92 - 9.93) 0.120
Boards 50 and 76 6.30 (4.92 - 8.04) 7.04 (5.57 - 8.86) 0.232
Board 57 (Montgomery) 6.25 (4.78 - 8.14) 6.59 (5.07 - 8.54) 0.593
Board 77 (Summit) 6.70a (5.23 - 8.54) 8.22   (6.51 - 10.34) 0.040
Oklahoma 6.05 (5.05 - 7.23) 6.10 (5.12 - 7.26) 0.905
Central 6.46 (4.70 - 8.82) 5.66 (4.04 - 7.88) 0.179
East Central 5.24 (3.65 - 7.48) 5.60 (3.92 - 7.92) 0.545
Northeast 5.46 (3.98 - 7.44) 5.49 (3.97 - 7.55) 0.952
Northwest and Southwest 6.62 (4.83 - 9.02) 7.61   (5.62 - 10.22) 0.164
Oklahoma County 6.64 (4.86 - 9.00) 6.84 (5.25 - 8.88) 0.769
Southeast 5.87 (4.27 - 8.01) 5.50 (3.96 - 7.60) 0.543
Tulsa County 5.78 (4.16 - 7.96) 5.57 (4.05 - 7.62) 0.735
Oregon 9.34a   (8.08 - 10.77) 11.16   (9.71 - 12.80) 0.006
Region 1 (Multnomah) 13.18b (10.26 - 16.78) 16.05 (12.91 - 19.78) 0.058
Region 2 7.79a   (5.98 - 10.09) 9.68   (7.56 - 12.31) 0.034
Region 3 9.36   (7.66 - 11.40) 10.66   (8.79 - 12.87) 0.145
Region 4 8.08b   (6.05 - 10.71) 9.95   (7.45 - 13.16) 0.058
Region 5 (Central) 8.75   (6.20 - 12.22) 8.80   (6.33 - 12.11) 0.957
Region 6 (Eastern) 7.04b (4.99 - 9.85) 8.79   (5.74 - 13.24) 0.068
Pennsylvania 5.89 (5.38 - 6.45) 6.23 (5.69 - 6.80) 0.236
Region 1 (Allegheny) 7.54 (6.21 - 9.13) 7.79 (6.41 - 9.43) 0.711
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 5.36 (4.09 - 7.00) 5.45 (4.21 - 7.02) 0.857
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 5.19 (4.02 - 6.67) 5.07 (3.98 - 6.45) 0.804
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 5.49 (4.05 - 7.40) 5.60 (4.29 - 7.30) 0.827
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 5.61 (4.34 - 7.22) 5.40 (4.24 - 6.86) 0.653
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 6.81 (5.75 - 8.05) 6.15 (5.14 - 7.33) 0.204
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 4.84 (3.65 - 6.39) 4.89 (3.76 - 6.33) 0.907
Regions 17 and 21 5.90 (4.48 - 7.73) 6.57 (5.02 - 8.57) 0.192
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 4.14 (3.18 - 5.37) 4.68 (3.76 - 5.82) 0.195
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 5.07 (3.93 - 6.51) 4.70 (3.67 - 6.00) 0.424
Regions 29 and 34 4.97a (3.75 - 6.58) 6.19 (4.73 - 8.07) 0.015
Regions 30 and 50 4.61 (3.47 - 6.09) 4.73 (3.51 - 6.34) 0.800
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 7.63a (6.32 - 9.19) 10.19   (8.56 - 12.09) 0.001
Rhode Island 11.08a   (9.63 - 12.71) 12.64 (11.11 - 14.33) 0.041
Bristol and Newport 11.14   (8.50 - 14.47) 11.82   (9.07 - 15.27) 0.523
Kent 9.19a   (6.82 - 12.26) 12.03   (9.45 - 15.20) 0.011
Providence 11.47   (9.72 - 13.49) 12.77 (10.87 - 14.93) 0.174
Washington 11.58   (8.81 - 15.09) 13.63 (10.85 - 16.99) 0.107
South Carolina 5.75a (4.83 - 6.84) 6.64 (5.66 - 7.77) 0.040
Region 1 4.70a (3.51 - 6.27) 6.04 (4.66 - 7.79) 0.017
Region 2 6.43 (5.07 - 8.11) 7.19 (5.79 - 8.90) 0.229
Region 3 6.37 (4.69 - 8.59) 6.94 (5.15 - 9.30) 0.411
Region 4 5.62 (4.23 - 7.44) 6.39 (4.99 - 8.17) 0.193
South Dakota 5.05 (4.20 - 6.05) 5.16 (4.24 - 6.25) 0.806
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 6.69 (5.03 - 8.86) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 5.12 (3.50 - 7.45) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 4.36 (3.17 - 5.95) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 4.51 (3.15 - 6.43) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 4.82 (3.65 - 6.34) --
Tennessee 5.21 (4.38 - 6.20) 5.16 (4.29 - 6.20) 0.896
Region 1 4.34 (3.02 - 6.19) 4.49 (3.10 - 6.46) 0.762
Region 2 4.38 (3.21 - 5.96) 4.29 (3.08 - 5.94) 0.851
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 4.82 (3.48 - 6.66) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 7.57   (5.62 - 10.13) 6.60 (4.81 - 8.99) 0.188
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 4.99 (3.71 - 6.69) --
Region 6 4.78 (3.40 - 6.69) 4.88 (3.44 - 6.89) 0.857
Region 7 (Shelby) 7.09 (5.28 - 9.47) 6.51 (4.86 - 8.68) 0.439
Texas 5.05 (4.58 - 5.56) 5.25 (4.76 - 5.77) 0.401
Region 1 5.20 (3.98 - 6.78) 5.49 (4.09 - 7.35) 0.566
Region 2 4.63 (3.34 - 6.40) 5.11 (3.65 - 7.11) 0.313
Region 3 5.06 (4.34 - 5.88) 5.51 (4.80 - 6.33) 0.174
Region 3a 5.11 (4.23 - 6.16) 5.26 (4.39 - 6.28) 0.715
Region 3bc 4.96a (3.93 - 6.24) 5.96 (4.90 - 7.22) 0.038
Region 4 5.60b (4.25 - 7.34) 4.75 (3.52 - 6.37) 0.074
Region 5 5.12 (3.79 - 6.88) 5.11 (3.76 - 6.91) 0.988
Region 6 4.98 (4.18 - 5.93) 4.70 (3.94 - 5.60) 0.445
Region 6a 5.05 (4.18 - 6.08) 4.63 (3.83 - 5.60) 0.303
Region 6bc 4.47b (3.22 - 6.18) 5.27 (3.81 - 7.24) 0.094
Region 7 6.71 (5.63 - 7.98) 7.32 (6.21 - 8.60) 0.218
Region 7a 7.17a (5.73 - 8.93) 8.76   (7.19 - 10.63) 0.023
Region 7bcd 5.94a (4.59 - 7.66) 4.90 (3.73 - 6.40) 0.034
Region 8 4.46b (3.48 - 5.69) 5.16 (4.17 - 6.38) 0.094
Region 9 4.68 (3.45 - 6.31) 4.67 (3.39 - 6.42) 0.996
Region 10 4.09 (3.01 - 5.53) 4.01 (2.97 - 5.39) 0.828
Region 11 3.74 (3.00 - 4.64) 3.96 (3.18 - 4.92) 0.447
Region 11abd 4.11 (3.15 - 5.35) 4.55 (3.48 - 5.92) 0.254
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 3.05 (2.21 - 4.18) 2.92 (2.09 - 4.07) 0.678
Utah 3.27b (2.64 - 4.04) 3.91 (3.19 - 4.79) 0.053
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 3.27 (2.23 - 4.76) 3.16 (2.19 - 4.53) 0.773
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 2.63b (1.78 - 3.87) 3.24 (2.18 - 4.80) 0.063
Davis County 3.52 (2.41 - 5.13) 3.63 (2.55 - 5.14) 0.809
Salt Lake County 3.58a (2.71 - 4.71) 4.62 (3.53 - 6.02) 0.029
Utah County 3.09 (2.20 - 4.32) 3.65 (2.63 - 5.06) 0.172
Weber, Morgan 2.89a (1.93 - 4.31) 3.72 (2.56 - 5.38) 0.033
Vermont 11.51b (10.13 - 13.06) 12.75 (11.32 - 14.33) 0.099
Champlain Valley 12.70a (10.79 - 14.89) 14.85 (12.82 - 17.14) 0.032
Rural Northeast 11.53   (9.14 - 14.43) 11.75   (9.39 - 14.62) 0.837
Rural Southeast 10.69   (8.41 - 13.51) 11.15   (8.81 - 14.02) 0.681
Rural Southwest 9.68   (7.45 - 12.49) 11.09   (8.66 - 14.09) 0.178
Virginia 5.49 (4.61 - 6.53) 5.58 (4.72 - 6.59) 0.819
Region 1 5.77 (4.35 - 7.61) 6.68 (5.13 - 8.64) 0.144
Region 2 4.77 (3.52 - 6.44) 4.08 (3.02 - 5.49) 0.173
Region 3 5.60 (4.26 - 7.33) 5.69 (4.31 - 7.48) 0.860
Region 4 5.30 (3.90 - 7.18) 5.00 (3.60 - 6.89) 0.566
Region 5 6.18 (4.69 - 8.10) 7.03 (5.45 - 9.03) 0.195
Washington 8.63a   (7.41 - 10.03) 10.35   (9.04 - 11.83) 0.008
Region 1 6.62a (5.12 - 8.52) 8.13   (6.43 - 10.23) 0.010
East 1 (previously Region 1) 6.49a (4.74 - 8.83) 8.47   (6.27 - 11.36) 0.006
East 2 (previously Region 2) 6.80 (4.77 - 9.60) 7.66   (5.63 - 10.34) 0.234
Region 2 9.48a   (7.83 - 11.42) 11.80   (9.99 - 13.89) 0.009
North 1 (previously Region 3) 10.50   (8.04 - 13.62) 12.04   (9.61 - 14.98) 0.186
North 2 (previously Region 4) 8.87a   (7.01 - 11.18) 11.67   (9.48 - 14.28) 0.006
Region 3 8.77   (7.19 - 10.66) 9.80   (8.05 - 11.87) 0.158
West 1 (previously Region 5) 8.74   (6.70 - 11.32) 9.72   (7.58 - 12.38) 0.241
West 2 (previously Region 6) 8.80   (6.78 - 11.35) 9.87   (7.59 - 12.74) 0.249
West Virginia 5.78 (4.90 - 6.81) 5.55 (4.73 - 6.49) 0.533
Region I 5.06 (3.57 - 7.12) 4.56 (3.13 - 6.61) 0.327
Region II 5.94 (4.28 - 8.21) 5.59 (4.12 - 7.54) 0.549
Region III 4.92 (3.45 - 6.97) 4.22 (2.94 - 6.03) 0.174
Region IV 6.47a (5.05 - 8.26) 8.20   (6.69 - 10.02) 0.006
Region V 6.12a (4.82 - 7.73) 4.91 (3.81 - 6.29) 0.024
Region VI 5.12 (3.77 - 6.92) 4.45 (3.20 - 6.15) 0.193
Wisconsin 5.90 (4.98 - 6.97) 6.45 (5.44 - 7.64) 0.188
Milwaukee 7.11a (5.35 - 9.40) 8.96   (6.71 - 11.87) 0.021
Northeastern 5.10 (3.85 - 6.72) 5.62 (4.28 - 7.33) 0.341
Northern 4.84 (3.40 - 6.86) 5.28 (3.66 - 7.55) 0.432
Southeastern 5.64 (4.22 - 7.51) 6.68 (4.94 - 8.97) 0.123
Southern 6.62 (4.97 - 8.76) 6.27 (4.83 - 8.11) 0.588
Western 5.83 (4.35 - 7.77) 5.45 (3.96 - 7.45) 0.514
Wyoming 5.29 (4.45 - 6.27) 5.49 (4.56 - 6.61) 0.649
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 5.00 (3.65 - 6.80) 5.60 (4.10 - 7.60) 0.328
Judicial District 2 8.98   (6.95 - 11.53) 7.82   (5.88 - 10.33) 0.160
Judicial District 3 3.81 (2.80 - 5.17) 3.74 (2.69 - 5.17) 0.865
Judicial District 4 4.59 (3.17 - 6.61) 5.20 (3.62 - 7.41) 0.307
Judicial District 5 4.34 (3.10 - 6.03) 4.85 (3.28 - 7.12) 0.394
Judicial District 6 4.64 (3.31 - 6.47) 4.15 (2.92 - 5.88) 0.356
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 6.22 (4.55 - 8.43) 5.27 (3.80 - 7.26) 0.169
Judicial District 8 4.71 (3.29 - 6.71) 5.42 (3.74 - 7.79) 0.241
Judicial District 9 5.75a (4.03 - 8.16) 7.61   (5.31 - 10.79) 0.044
140403
Table 4 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 34.70a (34.25 - 35.15) 31.82 (31.37 - 32.27) 0.000
Northeast 32.03a (31.17 - 32.90) 30.05 (29.25 - 30.87) 0.000
Midwest 33.21a (32.53 - 33.89) 30.07 (29.45 - 30.70) 0.000
South 39.08a (38.41 - 39.75) 36.04 (35.39 - 36.70) 0.000
West 31.32a (30.46 - 32.19) 28.11 (27.27 - 28.97) 0.000
Alabama 41.05 (38.32 - 43.83) 39.11 (36.42 - 41.87) 0.154
Region 1 40.85 (36.34 - 45.52) 39.41 (35.06 - 43.94) 0.524
Region 2 38.19 (34.16 - 42.38) 36.22 (32.19 - 40.46) 0.321
Region 3 44.61 (39.42 - 49.92) 42.25 (37.66 - 46.98) 0.297
Region 4 42.58 (37.94 - 47.35) 40.42 (35.91 - 45.09) 0.305
Alaska 25.75a (23.27 - 28.41) 21.48 (19.21 - 23.94) 0.000
Anchorage 25.83a (22.59 - 29.37) 20.26 (17.42 - 23.44) 0.000
Northern 26.06a (21.99 - 30.59) 20.73 (17.31 - 24.63) 0.003
South Central 24.44 (20.32 - 29.10) 23.83 (19.76 - 28.43) 0.747
Southeast 28.08a (22.95 - 33.87) 21.94 (17.75 - 26.80) 0.004
Arizona 33.36a (30.60 - 36.24) 28.62 (26.03 - 31.34) 0.000
Maricopa 33.11a (29.77 - 36.63) 26.82 (23.82 - 30.06) 0.000
Pima 31.83a (26.62 - 37.53) 27.52 (22.85 - 32.73) 0.045
Rural North 32.66 (27.24 - 38.58) 31.88 (26.81 - 37.40) 0.734
Rural South 37.08 (31.31 - 43.25) 34.99 (29.43 - 40.99) 0.355
Arkansas 38.63 (35.99 - 41.35) 36.71 (33.94 - 39.57) 0.169
Catchment Area 1 35.06 (30.04 - 40.43) 34.25 (29.49 - 39.35) 0.719
Catchment Area 2 41.12a (35.46 - 47.02) 36.07 (30.48 - 42.08) 0.039
Catchment Area 3 41.36 (36.10 - 46.83) 39.67 (34.34 - 45.27) 0.488
Catchment Area 4 40.13 (33.95 - 46.64) 37.23 (31.57 - 43.26) 0.258
Catchment Area 5 36.42 (31.76 - 41.35) 34.36 (29.46 - 39.61) 0.355
Catchment Area 6 44.25 (37.72 - 50.98) 42.05 (36.06 - 48.29) 0.398
Catchment Area 7 43.05 (36.72 - 49.61) 40.91 (34.98 - 47.12) 0.390
Catchment Area 8 34.79 (30.02 - 39.88) 34.92 (30.33 - 39.81) 0.952
California 32.81a (31.44 - 34.22) 29.61 (28.27 - 30.99) 0.000
Region 1R 27.45a (22.73 - 32.73) 23.59 (19.51 - 28.22) 0.034
Region 2R 24.86 (20.66 - 29.60) 22.88 (18.93 - 27.37) 0.273
Region 3R (Sacramento) 28.69 (24.04 - 33.83) 26.20 (22.02 - 30.86) 0.206
Region 4R 25.49 (21.26 - 30.23) 23.59 (19.76 - 27.90) 0.298
Region 5R (San Francisco) 23.90 (19.07 - 29.51) 24.51 (19.97 - 29.69) 0.760
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 32.99b (28.44 - 37.89) 29.57 (25.42 - 34.09) 0.080
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 31.11a (25.96 - 36.77) 26.70 (22.30 - 31.61) 0.033
Region 8R (Alameda) 27.90 (23.41 - 32.88) 25.76 (21.78 - 30.18) 0.285
Region 9R (San Mateo) 29.24 (24.07 - 35.01) 28.22 (23.34 - 33.67) 0.632
Region 10 27.03 (22.71 - 31.83) 25.70 (21.64 - 30.23) 0.484
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 35.40a (33.35 - 37.51) 32.18 (30.08 - 34.35) 0.001
LA SPA 1 and 5 27.94a (23.09 - 33.36) 24.01 (19.97 - 28.58) 0.032
LA SPA 2 34.18a (29.89 - 38.75) 28.13 (24.15 - 32.47) 0.002
LA SPA 3 38.89 (34.49 - 43.48) 36.86 (32.40 - 41.56) 0.313
LA SPA 4 37.26a (32.31 - 42.50) 32.11 (27.30 - 37.34) 0.019
LA SPA 6 38.38 (33.42 - 43.59) 37.57 (32.56 - 42.86) 0.707
LA SPA 7 37.54 (32.84 - 42.49) 37.09 (32.46 - 41.98) 0.831
LA SPA 8 32.95 (28.37 - 37.88) 30.78 (26.59 - 35.32) 0.301
Region 12R 32.86a (27.77 - 38.39) 27.70 (23.16 - 32.75) 0.007
Regions 13 and 19R 37.03a (33.01 - 41.24) 31.01 (27.45 - 34.80) 0.001
Region 13 (Riverside) 36.27a (32.00 - 40.77) 30.07 (26.33 - 34.09) 0.001
Region 19R (Imperial) 46.81b (41.05 - 52.65) 42.95 (36.92 - 49.20) 0.091
Region 14 (Orange) 34.37b (30.81 - 38.12) 31.40 (28.04 - 34.96) 0.097
Region 15R (Fresno) 39.51a (34.39 - 44.87) 31.41 (26.98 - 36.21) 0.000
Region 16R (San Diego) 28.85 (25.41 - 32.54) 29.03 (25.86 - 32.42) 0.915
Region 17R 39.28a (34.85 - 43.88) 35.01 (30.68 - 39.60) 0.034
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 37.83a (33.70 - 42.14) 32.10 (28.21 - 36.25) 0.003
Region 20R 37.93a (32.56 - 43.61) 31.64 (27.03 - 36.64) 0.002
Region 21R 29.18 (24.46 - 34.40) 27.91 (23.69 - 32.55) 0.504
Colorado 24.20b (21.88 - 26.68) 22.10 (19.89 - 24.49) 0.091
Region 1 23.59 (19.20 - 28.62) 21.39 (17.47 - 25.91) 0.249
Regions 2 and 7 21.99 (19.05 - 25.23) 19.63 (17.02 - 22.52) 0.131
Region 3 26.32 (22.09 - 31.05) 23.65 (19.68 - 28.15) 0.171
Region 4 36.84 (30.36 - 43.84) 36.31 (30.20 - 42.90) 0.840
Regions 5 and 6 26.78 (21.90 - 32.30) 26.43 (21.48 - 32.05) 0.870
Connecticut 32.51a (29.87 - 35.27) 27.83 (25.29 - 30.53) 0.000
Eastern 27.46 (22.50 - 33.05) 25.13 (21.08 - 29.66) 0.237
North Central 35.35a (31.04 - 39.91) 27.30 (23.46 - 31.50) 0.000
Northwestern 34.64 (29.92 - 39.68) 31.25 (26.60 - 36.32) 0.119
South Central 30.97 (26.41 - 35.93) 27.73 (23.48 - 32.43) 0.103
Southwest 31.46b (26.57 - 36.79) 27.39 (23.09 - 32.15) 0.059
Delaware 32.24 (29.56 - 35.06) 30.49 (27.92 - 33.18) 0.183
Kent 33.39 (28.40 - 38.79) 31.89 (27.25 - 36.92) 0.508
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 30.94 (27.39 - 34.74) 28.74 (25.67 - 32.03) 0.208
Sussex 34.22 (29.29 - 39.51) 33.43 (28.81 - 38.40) 0.727
Wilmington City 32.66 (27.15 - 38.69) 30.33 (24.97 - 36.29) 0.343
District of Columbia 27.34b (24.89 - 29.94) 25.11 (22.64 - 27.75) 0.064
Ward 1 26.44a (21.81 - 31.67) 21.18 (17.04 - 26.01) 0.007
Ward 2 18.37 (14.56 - 22.91) 16.91 (13.56 - 20.89) 0.376
Ward 3 17.59 (13.85 - 22.08) 18.76 (15.07 - 23.11) 0.488
Ward 4 31.93 (26.58 - 37.80) 28.16 (23.33 - 33.56) 0.105
Ward 5 32.23 (26.72 - 38.28) 30.20 (25.45 - 35.42) 0.373
Ward 6 25.71 (21.01 - 31.05) 23.66 (19.29 - 28.68) 0.304
Ward 7 35.74 (30.65 - 41.17) 32.09 (26.79 - 37.90) 0.140
Ward 8 34.50 (29.41 - 39.98) 32.42 (27.61 - 37.62) 0.356
Florida 41.73a (40.30 - 43.18) 37.16 (35.75 - 38.59) 0.000
Region A - Northwest 36.46a (33.09 - 39.96) 31.96 (29.11 - 34.96) 0.002
Circuit 1 37.67b (32.73 - 42.89) 34.15 (30.10 - 38.45) 0.099
Circuit 2 32.86a (27.61 - 38.57) 26.29 (22.07 - 31.00) 0.001
Circuit 14 38.27b (32.70 - 44.17) 34.38 (28.94 - 40.26) 0.075
Region B - Northeast 38.12a (35.17 - 41.16) 35.16 (32.31 - 38.13) 0.030
Circuits 3 and 8 38.28a (33.29 - 43.54) 33.54 (29.19 - 38.19) 0.017
Circuit 4 38.08 (33.52 - 42.85) 35.85 (31.57 - 40.36) 0.292
Circuit 7 38.06 (33.09 - 43.30) 35.36 (30.89 - 40.11) 0.216
Region C - Central 40.44a (38.21 - 42.71) 34.97 (32.81 - 37.19) 0.000
Circuit 5 41.47a (36.73 - 46.36) 33.30 (28.49 - 38.48) 0.000
Circuit 9 41.36a (37.35 - 45.49) 35.76 (32.18 - 39.51) 0.003
Circuit 10 42.61a (37.51 - 47.87) 38.02 (33.62 - 42.63) 0.033
Circuit 18 37.22 (32.67 - 42.02) 34.04 (29.48 - 38.92) 0.135
Circuit 19 39.33a (33.91 - 45.03) 33.96 (29.08 - 39.22) 0.017
Region D - Southeast 41.24a (38.19 - 44.37) 37.57 (34.76 - 40.46) 0.013
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 38.69 (33.91 - 43.70) 35.46 (31.37 - 39.76) 0.136
Circuit 17 (Broward) 43.16a (39.54 - 46.85) 39.19 (35.43 - 43.08) 0.042
Region E - Sun Coast 39.70a (37.23 - 42.23) 33.04 (30.68 - 35.50) 0.000
Circuit 6 36.69a (32.35 - 41.27) 30.90 (26.68 - 35.46) 0.005
Circuit 12 35.78b (30.58 - 41.35) 31.74 (26.92 - 36.98) 0.075
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 44.38a (40.20 - 48.64) 37.73 (33.82 - 41.80) 0.001
Circuit 20 41.19a (36.49 - 46.05) 31.61 (27.25 - 36.32) 0.000
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 55.04 (51.67 - 58.37) 52.72 (49.55 - 55.88) 0.188
Georgia 35.23 (32.59 - 37.96) 35.92 (33.33 - 38.59) 0.607
Region 1 34.83 (30.39 - 39.54) 35.60 (31.35 - 40.08) 0.717
Region 2 37.51 (32.30 - 43.03) 35.70 (30.97 - 40.74) 0.411
Region 3 32.28 (28.03 - 36.84) 35.65 (31.79 - 39.71) 0.113
Region 4 40.58 (34.15 - 47.35) 38.07 (32.42 - 44.05) 0.307
Region 5 36.53 (30.86 - 42.59) 36.32 (30.47 - 42.60) 0.931
Region 6 37.00 (31.80 - 42.53) 36.00 (31.11 - 41.21) 0.662
Hawaii 31.97b (29.24 - 34.82) 29.58 (26.89 - 32.42) 0.089
Hawaii Island 26.46 (21.51 - 32.09) 23.16 (18.74 - 28.25) 0.135
Honolulu 33.47 (30.31 - 36.79) 31.44 (28.42 - 34.61) 0.209
Kauai and Maui 30.05 (25.54 - 34.97) 26.98 (22.46 - 32.04) 0.122
Kauai 31.05 (24.71 - 38.19) 29.21 (23.14 - 36.13) 0.439
Maui 29.60 (24.44 - 35.34) 26.01 (21.03 - 31.71) 0.108
Idaho 32.80a (30.37 - 35.33) 30.27 (27.66 - 33.00) 0.039
Region 1 27.26 (22.61 - 32.47) 28.52 (23.84 - 33.70) 0.556
Region 2 30.59a (24.86 - 36.99) 24.12 (19.44 - 29.51) 0.002
Region 3 37.99 (33.38 - 42.84) 35.70 (30.81 - 40.90) 0.286
Region 4 27.59 (23.71 - 31.84) 25.70 (21.82 - 29.99) 0.329
Region 5 37.75 (32.22 - 43.62) 34.31 (29.59 - 39.36) 0.122
Region 6 33.64 (28.74 - 38.91) 31.51 (26.68 - 36.78) 0.318
Region 7 40.41a (35.35 - 45.68) 34.39 (29.67 - 39.44) 0.008
Illinois 34.54a (33.11 - 36.00) 31.90 (30.57 - 33.27) 0.001
Region I (Cook) 34.03 (31.68 - 36.47) 32.28 (30.21 - 34.41) 0.152
Region II 33.08a (30.91 - 35.32) 30.61 (28.44 - 32.87) 0.037
Region III 35.41a (32.38 - 38.57) 30.89 (27.93 - 34.01) 0.004
Region IV 37.77 (33.64 - 42.09) 35.99 (32.12 - 40.06) 0.390
Region V 38.20a (34.72 - 41.80) 32.76 (29.28 - 36.44) 0.004
Indiana 35.54a (33.01 - 38.15) 31.33 (28.77 - 34.00) 0.001
Central 36.80a (32.31 - 41.52) 31.56 (27.22 - 36.24) 0.012
East 36.31b (30.50 - 42.55) 32.25 (27.09 - 37.89) 0.077
North Central 37.98a (32.82 - 43.42) 32.06 (27.49 - 37.01) 0.005
Northeast 34.79a (29.43 - 40.55) 30.05 (25.13 - 35.48) 0.036
Northwest 33.32 (28.22 - 38.85) 31.45 (26.78 - 36.53) 0.403
Southeast 34.32 (29.12 - 39.93) 32.95 (27.85 - 38.49) 0.556
Southwest 37.81b (31.94 - 44.07) 33.77 (28.38 - 39.62) 0.075
West 31.36a (26.66 - 36.47) 26.87 (22.33 - 31.95) 0.034
Iowa 34.24a (31.73 - 36.84) 31.42 (28.78 - 34.18) 0.029
Central 27.48 (23.14 - 32.28) 28.73 (24.49 - 33.38) 0.530
North Central 36.76a (31.46 - 42.39) 30.12 (25.06 - 35.71) 0.002
Northeast 33.08 (28.81 - 37.63) 31.56 (27.51 - 35.91) 0.446
Northwest 40.07 (34.87 - 45.50) 37.27 (32.13 - 42.71) 0.229
Southeast 34.44a (30.27 - 38.86) 28.87 (24.74 - 33.39) 0.006
Southwest 36.59 (30.95 - 42.62) 33.70 (28.21 - 39.66) 0.218
Kansas 35.92a (33.33 - 38.59) 30.94 (28.36 - 33.65) 0.000
Kansas City Metro 33.73b (30.04 - 37.64) 30.61 (26.92 - 34.57) 0.089
Northeast 35.55a (30.68 - 40.74) 29.93 (25.41 - 34.88) 0.010
South Central 38.71a (32.81 - 44.96) 29.27 (24.43 - 34.64) 0.000
Southeast 36.66a (30.41 - 43.40) 31.37 (25.95 - 37.36) 0.032
West 38.54b (33.15 - 44.22) 33.93 (28.67 - 39.61) 0.051
Wichita (Sedgwick) 36.60a (31.49 - 42.02) 31.88 (27.40 - 36.72) 0.023
Kentucky 40.50a (37.82 - 43.23) 36.87 (34.23 - 39.58) 0.007
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 43.09 (37.78 - 48.55) 41.63 (36.79 - 46.64) 0.548
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 38.38a (34.17 - 42.77) 32.06 (27.97 - 36.44) 0.002
Communicare and River Valley 38.36 (32.63 - 44.44) 37.98 (32.53 - 43.75) 0.871
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 43.30 (37.54 - 49.24) 41.44 (35.87 - 47.23) 0.440
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 45.07 (39.37 - 50.91) 42.28 (36.48 - 48.30) 0.254
Seven Counties 38.69b (33.72 - 43.90) 34.30 (29.78 - 39.11) 0.052
Louisiana 42.12 (39.47 - 44.83) 40.19 (37.71 - 42.72) 0.128
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 36.66 (32.47 - 41.07) --
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 35.84 (30.82 - 41.19) --
Region 10 (Jefferson) 39.53 (33.55 - 45.85) 37.48 (31.84 - 43.49) 0.425
Regions 2 and 9 40.96 (36.73 - 45.33) 39.62 (35.53 - 43.85) 0.504
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 43.88 (38.30 - 49.62) --
Regions 4, 5, and 6 40.29 (35.78 - 44.97) 39.61 (35.55 - 43.83) 0.733
Regions 7 and 8 45.31 (40.48 - 50.23) 43.45 (39.12 - 47.89) 0.413
Maine 26.19a (23.75 - 28.78) 21.14 (18.86 - 23.62) 0.000
Aroostook/Downeast 31.69a (26.52 - 37.35) 23.61 (19.79 - 27.92) 0.000
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 25.79 (20.56 - 31.81) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 21.83 (17.30 - 27.16) --
Central 27.37a (22.50 - 32.84) 20.70 (16.73 - 25.32) 0.001
Cumberland 22.33 (18.56 - 26.62) 19.84 (16.34 - 23.88) 0.171
Midcoast 27.65a (22.63 - 33.30) 21.29 (16.95 - 26.39) 0.003
Penquis 28.19a (23.32 - 33.64) 21.67 (17.88 - 26.00) 0.001
Western 24.85 (20.76 - 29.44) 22.56 (18.61 - 27.07) 0.239
York 24.65a (20.17 - 29.75) 19.42 (15.45 - 24.12) 0.008
Maryland 33.76 (30.93 - 36.72) 33.10 (30.47 - 35.83) 0.613
Anne Arundel 30.76 (25.20 - 36.94) 32.02 (26.55 - 38.04) 0.582
Baltimore City 41.43 (35.55 - 47.56) 39.14 (34.02 - 44.52) 0.327
Baltimore County 31.45 (25.82 - 37.69) 32.17 (27.53 - 37.19) 0.763
Montgomery 32.38 (27.23 - 38.01) 31.73 (27.14 - 36.71) 0.768
North Central 29.05 (23.78 - 34.96) 27.15 (22.29 - 32.63) 0.368
Northeast 30.28 (25.06 - 36.06) 30.29 (24.99 - 36.17) 0.995
Prince George's 37.05 (31.44 - 43.02) 37.26 (32.12 - 42.72) 0.925
South 35.73 (29.92 - 41.98) 33.56 (28.26 - 39.31) 0.380
West 33.48 (27.86 - 39.60) 31.47 (26.45 - 36.97) 0.393
Massachusetts 24.90 (22.61 - 27.33) 23.46 (21.09 - 26.00) 0.227
Boston 26.11b (21.32 - 31.54) 22.93 (18.75 - 27.73) 0.093
Central 24.80 (20.37 - 29.84) 26.11 (21.58 - 31.21) 0.515
Metrowest 23.98a (20.20 - 28.22) 20.02 (16.55 - 24.02) 0.028
Northeast 27.14 (22.96 - 31.78) 26.55 (22.44 - 31.11) 0.778
Southeast 21.48 (17.70 - 25.81) 23.52 (19.48 - 28.11) 0.270
Western 27.34a (22.99 - 32.17) 22.65 (18.82 - 27.00) 0.017
Michigan 30.45a (29.17 - 31.76) 26.99 (25.71 - 28.30) 0.000
Detroit City 36.83a (32.87 - 40.98) 32.60 (28.54 - 36.94) 0.041
Genesee 26.81 (22.68 - 31.38) 26.01 (22.36 - 30.03) 0.660
Kalamazoo 32.37a (28.58 - 36.41) 28.01 (24.48 - 31.85) 0.013
Kent 29.40 (25.39 - 33.75) 26.51 (23.08 - 30.26) 0.114
Lakeshore 31.65 (28.06 - 35.47) 30.58 (27.04 - 34.37) 0.557
Macomb 31.29b (27.63 - 35.21) 28.20 (24.91 - 31.75) 0.072
Mid South 27.32a (24.18 - 30.70) 23.32 (20.37 - 26.56) 0.013
Northern 27.56a (23.91 - 31.52) 23.80 (20.47 - 27.49) 0.028
Oakland 28.92b (25.74 - 32.33) 26.07 (23.07 - 29.31) 0.082
Pathways and Western 29.35a (24.68 - 34.51) 21.98 (18.22 - 26.28) 0.000
Riverhaven 31.13 (26.61 - 36.04) 27.97 (23.82 - 32.53) 0.115
Saginaw 32.43a (27.60 - 37.67) 27.66 (23.14 - 32.68) 0.018
Southeast 33.38a (30.10 - 36.83) 29.85 (26.80 - 33.09) 0.042
St. Clair 31.38 (26.94 - 36.20) 29.79 (25.20 - 34.83) 0.475
Washtenaw 25.54a (21.73 - 29.78) 20.83 (17.73 - 24.31) 0.004
Minnesota 28.54 (26.11 - 31.09) 28.19 (25.70 - 30.81) 0.781
Regions 1 and 2 28.63 (23.64 - 34.22) 29.85 (24.60 - 35.70) 0.591
Regions 3 and 4 29.52 (25.27 - 34.16) 30.49 (26.04 - 35.33) 0.636
Regions 5 and 6 28.14 (23.83 - 32.90) 30.40 (25.97 - 35.22) 0.309
Region 7A (Hennepin) 26.87 (22.60 - 31.60) 25.30 (21.50 - 29.52) 0.424
Region 7B (Ramsey) 29.83a (24.81 - 35.39) 25.40 (20.58 - 30.92) 0.036
Region 7C 29.12 (24.76 - 33.91) 27.84 (23.99 - 32.05) 0.511
Mississippi 46.23a (43.61 - 48.88) 41.14 (38.51 - 43.82) 0.000
Region 1 44.96a (40.43 - 49.58) 40.31 (35.81 - 44.97) 0.031
Region 2 53.96a (47.97 - 59.83) 47.79 (42.45 - 53.18) 0.013
Region 3 47.48a (42.26 - 52.77) 38.63 (33.62 - 43.89) 0.000
Region 4 42.52 (37.78 - 47.41) 39.97 (35.58 - 44.52) 0.234
Region 5 51.38a (45.13 - 57.60) 42.67 (36.03 - 49.58) 0.001
Region 6 41.53 (35.61 - 47.71) 42.69 (37.38 - 48.18) 0.630
Region 7 45.61a (40.23 - 51.09) 39.02 (33.97 - 44.32) 0.005
Missouri 34.65b (32.08 - 37.32) 32.29 (29.79 - 34.88) 0.063
Central 35.10 (29.93 - 40.65) 33.86 (29.14 - 38.93) 0.572
Eastern 32.53a (28.94 - 36.34) 28.88 (25.60 - 32.40) 0.030
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 32.78a (28.44 - 37.43) 27.83 (23.86 - 32.19) 0.018
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 32.09 (26.95 - 37.70) 30.70 (25.91 - 35.94) 0.529
Northwest 36.44a (32.44 - 40.63) 32.77 (28.87 - 36.92) 0.042
Northwest (Jackson) 36.51 (31.42 - 41.92) 33.13 (28.33 - 38.32) 0.132
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 36.38 (30.91 - 42.23) 32.46 (27.40 - 37.97) 0.103
Southeast 37.81 (32.41 - 43.53) 38.93 (33.77 - 44.36) 0.648
Southwest 33.96 (29.06 - 39.24) 32.67 (28.11 - 37.60) 0.562
Montana 27.66a (25.31 - 30.15) 24.27 (22.11 - 26.56) 0.005
Region 1 34.40a (28.66 - 40.63) 26.71 (22.10 - 31.90) 0.001
Region 2 34.87a (29.58 - 40.56) 28.69 (23.95 - 33.94) 0.008
Region 3 31.68a (27.37 - 36.32) 27.71 (23.96 - 31.81) 0.045
Region 4 22.53 (18.96 - 26.55) 21.11 (17.80 - 24.85) 0.413
Region 5 24.40 (20.87 - 28.32) 22.03 (18.81 - 25.62) 0.186
Nebraska 34.78a (32.22 - 37.43) 30.15 (27.65 - 32.78) 0.000
Regions 1 and 2 39.06a (33.89 - 44.49) 32.72 (28.07 - 37.75) 0.002
Region 1 38.69b (32.26 - 45.54) 34.19 (28.03 - 40.92) 0.085
Region 2 39.38a (32.58 - 46.61) 31.44 (25.73 - 37.77) 0.001
Region 3 45.12a (39.86 - 50.49) 40.27 (34.95 - 45.82) 0.050
Region 4 40.30a (34.50 - 46.38) 33.52 (28.25 - 39.24) 0.004
Region 5 32.93a (28.89 - 37.23) 27.52 (23.59 - 31.84) 0.007
Region 6 29.97 (26.35 - 33.87) 27.16 (23.73 - 30.88) 0.122
Nevada1 33.47a (30.66 - 36.41) 28.42 (25.63 - 31.39) 0.001
Clark - Region 1 34.02a (30.73 - 37.47) 29.02 (25.78 - 32.48) 0.005
Region 3 33.95a (28.36 - 40.04) 29.76 (24.93 - 35.09) 0.044
Capital District -- (-- - --) 30.34 (24.48 - 36.91) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 29.24 (23.26 - 36.04) --
Washoe - Region 2 30.58a (25.82 - 35.79) 24.67 (20.42 - 29.48) 0.004
New Hampshire 24.06 (21.74 - 26.54) 22.50 (20.22 - 24.97) 0.187
Central 26.45a (23.03 - 30.18) 21.72 (18.53 - 25.28) 0.002
Central 1 25.45b (21.07 - 30.40) 21.91 (17.90 - 26.52) 0.064
Central 2 27.40a (22.91 - 32.39) 21.54 (17.33 - 26.44) 0.004
Northern 24.17 (19.53 - 29.49) 23.07 (18.67 - 28.15) 0.593
Southern 22.87 (20.17 - 25.81) 22.76 (20.14 - 25.60) 0.934
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 21.56 (17.59 - 26.14) 22.58 (18.88 - 26.75) 0.603
Southern 2 23.68 (20.36 - 27.36) 22.87 (19.72 - 26.35) 0.617
New Jersey 34.97 (32.12 - 37.93) 33.69 (31.06 - 36.44) 0.372
Central 30.37 (25.67 - 35.51) 30.72 (26.46 - 35.33) 0.873
Metropolitan 40.29b (35.69 - 45.07) 36.02 (31.78 - 40.49) 0.055
Northern 36.39 (31.95 - 41.08) 36.43 (32.12 - 40.96) 0.989
Southern 32.09 (27.62 - 36.93) 30.15 (25.90 - 34.77) 0.345
New Mexico 37.70a (35.16 - 40.31) 31.61 (28.99 - 34.36) 0.000
Region 1 37.03a (32.54 - 41.76) 31.24 (27.05 - 35.76) 0.005
Region 2 33.10 (28.12 - 38.49) 32.77 (27.65 - 38.33) 0.886
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 35.72a (31.62 - 40.04) 27.34 (23.38 - 31.69) 0.000
Region 4 41.99a (36.58 - 47.60) 34.90 (30.15 - 39.98) 0.001
Region 5 42.42a (37.59 - 47.40) 36.08 (31.70 - 40.72) 0.003
New York 33.23a (31.75 - 34.76) 31.53 (30.10 - 32.99) 0.035
Region A 35.58 (33.33 - 37.88) 34.58 (32.48 - 36.74) 0.373
Region 1 43.19 (38.38 - 48.13) 41.84 (37.64 - 46.17) 0.529
Region 2 34.64 (31.33 - 38.12) 34.13 (30.89 - 37.54) 0.772
Region 3 27.32 (23.22 - 31.85) 26.09 (22.52 - 30.01) 0.521
Region 4 38.51 (34.41 - 42.78) 37.16 (33.10 - 41.42) 0.508
Region B 32.97a (30.63 - 35.40) 30.41 (28.20 - 32.72) 0.040
Region 5 33.85a (30.67 - 37.20) 29.55 (26.63 - 32.64) 0.012
Region 6 32.57 (28.36 - 37.09) 32.47 (28.23 - 37.02) 0.961
Region 7 30.79 (26.76 - 35.14) 30.05 (25.99 - 34.44) 0.694
Region C 29.72 (27.63 - 31.91) 28.07 (25.99 - 30.24) 0.130
Region 8 25.97 (22.32 - 29.98) 25.88 (22.32 - 29.78) 0.959
Region 9 31.03a (26.84 - 35.55) 26.91 (23.18 - 31.00) 0.035
Region 10 26.99 (22.63 - 31.84) 25.76 (21.47 - 30.57) 0.524
Region 11 30.92 (27.01 - 35.12) 29.51 (25.70 - 33.62) 0.442
Region 12 31.94 (28.00 - 36.16) 30.54 (26.48 - 34.93) 0.472
Region D 32.30a (29.21 - 35.56) 29.42 (26.47 - 32.56) 0.045
Region 13 32.62b (27.49 - 38.20) 28.55 (24.00 - 33.58) 0.055
Region 14 30.74 (26.27 - 35.59) 29.17 (24.50 - 34.33) 0.456
Region 15 33.57 (28.70 - 38.82) 30.45 (26.22 - 35.03) 0.129
North Carolina1 33.60 (31.03 - 36.27) 33.35 (30.73 - 36.08) 0.841
Alliance 30.05 (25.80 - 34.68) 29.98 (26.11 - 34.16) 0.971
Cardinal Innovations 34.84 (29.29 - 40.84) 32.44 (27.51 - 37.80) 0.299
CenterPoint/Guilford 33.70 (28.93 - 38.83) 33.69 (29.07 - 38.64) 0.994
CenterPoint 35.77 (29.21 - 42.92) 36.16 (30.03 - 42.76) 0.871
Guilford 31.37 (25.69 - 37.66) 31.00 (25.32 - 37.32) 0.871
CoastalCare 29.76 (24.07 - 36.16) 30.90 (25.34 - 37.08) 0.613
Eastpointe 35.99 (29.95 - 42.51) 37.79 (32.18 - 43.75) 0.458
ECBH 36.49 (30.40 - 43.04) 35.98 (29.93 - 42.52) 0.829
MeckLINK 33.34 (28.07 - 39.06) 32.46 (27.03 - 38.42) 0.690
Partners 34.50 (29.45 - 39.93) 33.39 (28.57 - 38.59) 0.624
Sandhills 38.99 (32.60 - 45.78) 37.60 (31.69 - 43.90) 0.588
Smoky Mountain 33.39 (27.37 - 40.01) 36.38 (29.89 - 43.41) 0.233
Western Highlands 31.41 (25.46 - 38.05) 32.55 (26.95 - 38.70) 0.638
North Dakota 36.14 (33.61 - 38.76) 34.13 (31.64 - 36.71) 0.109
Badlands and West Central 38.97 (34.52 - 43.62) 35.93 (31.59 - 40.52) 0.138
Lake Region and South Central 37.21 (31.65 - 43.12) 37.49 (32.42 - 42.85) 0.904
North Central and Northwest 42.50a (37.42 - 47.75) 35.65 (30.97 - 40.63) 0.003
Northeast 30.49 (25.74 - 35.70) 30.87 (26.24 - 35.91) 0.850
Southeast 31.72 (28.23 - 35.43) 31.18 (27.56 - 35.04) 0.761
Ohio 33.39a (32.00 - 34.81) 29.99 (28.70 - 31.30) 0.000
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 40.34a (36.01 - 44.82) 32.64 (28.49 - 37.07) 0.000
Boards 3, 52, and 85 31.46 (26.43 - 36.96) 32.28 (27.82 - 37.10) 0.699
Boards 4 and 78 36.27a (31.03 - 41.85) 29.41 (24.57 - 34.77) 0.002
Boards 5 and 60 34.73a (30.18 - 39.58) 30.41 (25.92 - 35.30) 0.043
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 39.38 (34.43 - 44.55) 36.03 (31.63 - 40.67) 0.139
Boards 8, 13, and 83 29.67 (25.12 - 34.66) 30.12 (26.01 - 34.57) 0.832
Board 9 (Butler) 32.28 (27.35 - 37.64) 30.24 (25.85 - 35.02) 0.320
Board 12 33.00a (28.42 - 37.93) 26.69 (22.45 - 31.42) 0.001
Boards 18 and 47 32.25a (29.12 - 35.56) 28.82 (25.98 - 31.83) 0.031
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 39.60 (34.62 - 44.81) 37.05 (32.37 - 41.97) 0.264
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 36.77a (32.10 - 41.71) 28.91 (25.12 - 33.03) 0.000
Boards 22, 74, and 87 31.22 (26.63 - 36.20) 28.78 (24.67 - 33.27) 0.216
Boards 23 and 45 34.37 (29.59 - 39.48) 31.61 (27.50 - 36.03) 0.164
Board 25 (Franklin) 29.18 (25.96 - 32.62) 26.82 (23.79 - 30.08) 0.124
Boards 27, 71, and 73 38.58b (33.95 - 43.41) 34.61 (30.21 - 39.30) 0.057
Boards 28, 43, and 67 29.62 (25.66 - 33.91) 28.16 (24.25 - 32.44) 0.449
Board 31 (Hamilton) 30.39a (26.00 - 35.18) 26.25 (22.70 - 30.14) 0.030
Board 48 (Lucas) 32.16 (27.35 - 37.38) 29.98 (25.64 - 34.72) 0.284
Boards 50 and 76 36.08a (31.70 - 40.70) 30.22 (26.49 - 34.24) 0.002
Board 57 (Montgomery) 35.89 (31.24 - 40.82) 33.19 (28.87 - 37.80) 0.205
Board 77 (Summit) 28.63 (24.57 - 33.08) 28.55 (24.67 - 32.77) 0.963
Oklahoma 37.86a (35.04 - 40.77) 34.00 (31.43 - 36.68) 0.004
Central 35.96a (30.78 - 41.49) 29.09 (24.26 - 34.43) 0.003
East Central 37.51 (31.66 - 43.75) 33.97 (28.73 - 39.64) 0.128
Northeast 34.47 (29.21 - 40.14) 33.94 (29.36 - 38.84) 0.819
Northwest and Southwest 40.12a (34.62 - 45.89) 34.08 (29.10 - 39.43) 0.006
Oklahoma County 40.36a (34.89 - 46.09) 35.14 (30.59 - 39.98) 0.022
Southeast 39.07 (33.53 - 44.91) 37.95 (32.96 - 43.20) 0.654
Tulsa County 36.32 (31.35 - 41.60) 33.09 (28.52 - 38.00) 0.130
Oregon 23.96a (21.61 - 26.48) 20.57 (18.36 - 22.96) 0.004
Region 1 (Multnomah) 20.60a (16.63 - 25.23) 16.94 (13.73 - 20.72) 0.026
Region 2 23.73a (19.79 - 28.18) 18.26 (14.91 - 22.15) 0.002
Region 3 23.00 (19.59 - 26.80) 22.36 (19.19 - 25.89) 0.711
Region 4 26.41a (21.63 - 31.82) 21.43 (17.32 - 26.21) 0.017
Region 5 (Central) 23.77 (18.78 - 29.60) 23.61 (18.83 - 29.18) 0.943
Region 6 (Eastern) 34.26a (28.39 - 40.66) 26.98 (21.33 - 33.49) 0.003
Pennsylvania 34.00a (32.57 - 35.46) 31.90 (30.54 - 33.28) 0.006
Region 1 (Allegheny) 34.05a (30.41 - 37.89) 29.38 (25.94 - 33.08) 0.011
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 37.12 (32.53 - 41.94) 36.88 (32.36 - 41.65) 0.913
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 35.68 (31.35 - 40.26) 37.59 (33.39 - 41.97) 0.361
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 37.12 (31.87 - 42.70) 36.88 (32.43 - 41.56) 0.913
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 34.13 (29.99 - 38.53) 31.42 (27.57 - 35.54) 0.149
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 28.26 (25.49 - 31.21) 26.62 (23.94 - 29.50) 0.270
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 35.71 (31.24 - 40.45) 32.80 (28.70 - 37.18) 0.148
Regions 17 and 21 32.18 (27.39 - 37.37) 30.40 (25.72 - 35.52) 0.391
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 34.63 (30.78 - 38.69) 33.43 (30.21 - 36.82) 0.505
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 36.49 (32.18 - 41.03) 35.57 (31.66 - 39.68) 0.647
Regions 29 and 34 34.35a (29.60 - 39.44) 29.42 (25.21 - 34.01) 0.017
Regions 30 and 50 35.18 (30.53 - 40.14) 35.22 (30.75 - 39.97) 0.985
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 36.66a (33.03 - 40.46) 30.86 (27.68 - 34.24) 0.001
Rhode Island 27.79a (25.13 - 30.60) 24.66 (22.13 - 27.38) 0.015
Bristol and Newport 23.73 (18.93 - 29.31) 21.69 (17.17 - 27.02) 0.324
Kent 27.50a (22.83 - 32.72) 23.40 (19.08 - 28.37) 0.044
Providence 29.63b (26.26 - 33.23) 26.65 (23.53 - 30.02) 0.071
Washington 23.52b (19.03 - 28.68) 19.84 (15.78 - 24.64) 0.052
South Carolina 39.42a (36.70 - 42.22) 35.48 (32.90 - 38.14) 0.004
Region 1 40.39a (35.86 - 45.10) 34.99 (30.91 - 39.30) 0.011
Region 2 39.05a (34.91 - 43.37) 34.71 (30.82 - 38.82) 0.039
Region 3 41.57a (36.10 - 47.25) 35.04 (30.15 - 40.26) 0.006
Region 4 37.42 (32.90 - 42.16) 37.11 (32.78 - 41.66) 0.891
South Dakota 37.25a (34.61 - 39.97) 31.58 (29.16 - 34.10) 0.000
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 28.79 (24.70 - 33.25) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 34.45 (28.94 - 40.41) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 33.16 (29.12 - 37.48) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 31.98 (27.21 - 37.16) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 31.53 (27.80 - 35.52) --
Tennessee 39.00a (36.27 - 41.80) 36.30 (33.58 - 39.11) 0.033
Region 1 41.12 (35.15 - 47.36) 38.18 (32.50 - 44.20) 0.238
Region 2 38.37 (33.24 - 43.78) 34.95 (30.25 - 39.96) 0.115
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 37.85 (32.85 - 43.13) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 36.26 (30.90 - 41.99) 33.83 (28.91 - 39.11) 0.277
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 35.45 (31.03 - 40.13) --
Region 6 38.23 (32.55 - 44.24) 40.63 (34.84 - 46.69) 0.323
Region 7 (Shelby) 40.03a (34.55 - 45.76) 35.51 (30.42 - 40.94) 0.049
Texas 42.24a (40.88 - 43.60) 37.65 (36.29 - 39.04) 0.000
Region 1 43.22a (38.73 - 47.82) 36.61 (32.10 - 41.36) 0.001
Region 2 42.23 (36.73 - 47.94) 40.29 (34.94 - 45.88) 0.369
Region 3 38.55a (36.20 - 40.96) 33.25 (31.08 - 35.50) 0.000
Region 3a 38.93a (35.88 - 42.07) 33.81 (31.06 - 36.67) 0.001
Region 3bc 37.88a (34.45 - 41.43) 32.29 (29.03 - 35.74) 0.001
Region 4 42.26b (37.35 - 47.32) 37.99 (33.20 - 43.01) 0.061
Region 5 36.73 (31.95 - 41.78) 36.84 (32.00 - 41.96) 0.960
Region 6 44.52a (41.96 - 47.12) 39.55 (36.88 - 42.29) 0.000
Region 6a 44.90a (42.13 - 47.71) 39.90 (37.02 - 42.85) 0.001
Region 6bc 41.43a (36.06 - 47.02) 36.59 (31.45 - 42.06) 0.031
Region 7 34.11a (31.15 - 37.18) 31.22 (28.54 - 34.03) 0.047
Region 7a 32.19 (28.60 - 36.00) 30.65 (27.20 - 34.32) 0.408
Region 7bcd 37.28a (32.79 - 41.99) 32.18 (28.35 - 36.26) 0.008
Region 8 45.93a (42.33 - 49.58) 40.82 (37.27 - 44.46) 0.004
Region 9 45.80a (40.25 - 51.45) 36.72 (31.69 - 42.05) 0.000
Region 10 49.43 (44.08 - 54.79) 46.08 (41.74 - 50.47) 0.116
Region 11 52.90a (49.45 - 56.33) 48.69 (45.31 - 52.07) 0.007
Region 11abd 52.71a (48.38 - 56.99) 48.38 (44.12 - 52.67) 0.028
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 53.27b (48.02 - 58.44) 49.22 (44.49 - 53.97) 0.055
Utah 38.55 (36.20 - 40.96) 38.41 (35.94 - 40.95) 0.913
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 36.09 (31.09 - 41.41) 38.79 (33.93 - 43.88) 0.208
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 40.70 (35.60 - 46.01) 40.62 (35.16 - 46.32) 0.971
Davis County 39.89 (34.96 - 45.03) 37.46 (32.54 - 42.66) 0.272
Salt Lake County 36.16 (32.49 - 40.01) 36.62 (33.06 - 40.33) 0.807
Utah County 44.06b (39.81 - 48.41) 40.32 (35.87 - 44.95) 0.069
Weber, Morgan 36.00b (30.58 - 41.79) 39.86 (34.74 - 45.20) 0.082
Vermont 24.23 (21.83 - 26.80) 23.14 (20.88 - 25.56) 0.374
Champlain Valley 23.19 (19.92 - 26.81) 21.82 (18.81 - 25.16) 0.401
Rural Northeast 23.63 (19.65 - 28.15) 23.35 (19.55 - 27.64) 0.884
Rural Southeast 22.83 (18.79 - 27.46) 21.51 (17.91 - 25.60) 0.494
Rural Southwest 29.47 (24.68 - 34.75) 28.32 (23.68 - 33.47) 0.598
Virginia 33.42a (30.73 - 36.23) 29.45 (26.92 - 32.11) 0.002
Region 1 34.19b (29.55 - 39.15) 30.18 (26.07 - 34.63) 0.055
Region 2 35.10b (30.21 - 40.32) 31.07 (26.96 - 35.50) 0.065
Region 3 35.74 (30.97 - 40.80) 32.05 (27.32 - 37.18) 0.101
Region 4 33.10 (28.23 - 38.36) 30.84 (26.27 - 35.82) 0.286
Region 5 29.45a (25.07 - 34.25) 23.89 (20.05 - 28.21) 0.004
Washington 25.65a (23.30 - 28.15) 23.33 (21.15 - 25.66) 0.044
Region 1 30.26a (26.33 - 34.51) 26.27 (22.77 - 30.09) 0.020
East 1 (previously Region 1) 27.29b (22.71 - 32.42) 24.05 (20.02 - 28.60) 0.095
East 2 (previously Region 2) 34.31a (28.61 - 40.50) 29.27 (24.25 - 34.86) 0.024
Region 2 23.35 (20.35 - 26.64) 22.03 (19.35 - 24.97) 0.355
North 1 (previously Region 3) 23.10 (19.03 - 27.75) 22.85 (19.13 - 27.05) 0.885
North 2 (previously Region 4) 23.50 (19.82 - 27.62) 21.56 (18.22 - 25.33) 0.289
Region 3 25.78b (22.69 - 29.14) 23.20 (20.21 - 26.49) 0.072
West 1 (previously Region 5) 25.54b (21.40 - 30.16) 22.45 (18.74 - 26.65) 0.086
West 2 (previously Region 6) 26.01 (22.02 - 30.44) 23.89 (19.89 - 28.42) 0.258
West Virginia 42.00a (39.29 - 44.76) 37.09 (34.36 - 39.91) 0.000
Region I 41.55a (35.18 - 48.22) 35.37 (29.35 - 41.90) 0.018
Region II 39.47a (34.19 - 45.00) 33.49 (28.52 - 38.85) 0.010
Region III 43.05 (37.27 - 49.01) 40.72 (35.15 - 46.53) 0.366
Region IV 40.31a (35.37 - 45.46) 34.18 (29.78 - 38.88) 0.008
Region V 41.22b (36.87 - 45.72) 37.58 (33.74 - 41.59) 0.083
Region VI 46.68a (41.42 - 52.02) 41.47 (36.07 - 47.09) 0.034
Wisconsin 31.69a (29.18 - 34.30) 27.64 (25.13 - 30.29) 0.001
Milwaukee 32.02a (27.09 - 37.38) 26.60 (22.27 - 31.43) 0.010
Northeastern 32.16b (27.86 - 36.79) 28.56 (24.72 - 32.73) 0.072
Northern 35.28a (29.40 - 41.63) 30.13 (24.84 - 36.00) 0.032
Southeastern 32.08a (27.33 - 37.24) 26.88 (22.59 - 31.65) 0.018
Southern 28.76 (24.21 - 33.80) 25.49 (21.27 - 30.23) 0.122
Western 31.73 (27.24 - 36.57) 30.01 (25.23 - 35.27) 0.422
Wyoming 34.19a (31.46 - 37.03) 31.23 (28.81 - 33.75) 0.028
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 34.41 (29.43 - 39.77) 32.80 (28.31 - 37.63) 0.471
Judicial District 2 27.34 (22.41 - 32.90) 24.26 (20.13 - 28.94) 0.120
Judicial District 3 40.36 (35.10 - 45.84) 37.85 (33.01 - 42.94) 0.310
Judicial District 4 33.51 (27.51 - 40.10) 31.02 (25.95 - 36.59) 0.292
Judicial District 5 38.63a (33.25 - 44.30) 31.76 (26.47 - 37.56) 0.005
Judicial District 6 33.38 (28.49 - 38.65) 32.45 (27.49 - 37.84) 0.667
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 31.76a (26.87 - 37.08) 26.73 (22.30 - 31.67) 0.014
Judicial District 8 38.67 (32.11 - 45.66) 34.52 (29.08 - 40.39) 0.114
Judicial District 9 29.17 (24.08 - 34.84) 28.75 (23.93 - 34.11) 0.849
140403
Table 5 – Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 3.56a (3.42 - 3.70) 3.35 (3.22 - 3.48) 0.007
Northeast 3.61a (3.34 - 3.89) 3.32 (3.07 - 3.59) 0.030
Midwest 3.25 (3.06 - 3.46) 3.18 (2.98 - 3.39) 0.456
South 3.44a (3.25 - 3.65) 3.19 (3.01 - 3.39) 0.009
West 3.99 (3.69 - 4.31) 3.76 (3.47 - 4.07) 0.129
Alabama 3.44 (2.75 - 4.30) 3.54 (2.88 - 4.34) 0.721
Region 1 3.13 (2.17 - 4.50) 3.27 (2.42 - 4.41) 0.712
Region 2 3.86 (2.74 - 5.41) 3.97 (2.98 - 5.28) 0.808
Region 3 3.76b (2.52 - 5.58) 3.06 (2.23 - 4.19) 0.094
Region 4 2.96b (2.03 - 4.29) 3.64 (2.72 - 4.86) 0.076
Alaska 3.93 (3.08 - 5.00) 3.46 (2.74 - 4.35) 0.145
Anchorage 5.03a (3.59 - 7.01) 3.98 (3.00 - 5.26) 0.048
Northern 2.89 (1.97 - 4.22) 2.92 (2.08 - 4.08) 0.935
South Central 3.03 (2.02 - 4.54) 3.15 (2.20 - 4.50) 0.741
Southeast 3.86 (2.45 - 6.04) 3.32 (2.27 - 4.84) 0.246
Arizona 4.25 (3.33 - 5.41) 3.90 (3.10 - 4.90) 0.348
Maricopa 3.90 (2.85 - 5.31) 4.00 (3.06 - 5.21) 0.822
Pima 4.67 (2.97 - 7.28) 4.12 (2.89 - 5.84) 0.329
Rural North 6.24a (3.89 - 9.85) 3.91 (2.74 - 5.55) 0.001
Rural South 3.59 (2.25 - 5.70) 3.23 (2.19 - 4.73) 0.369
Arkansas 4.02 (3.23 - 4.99) 3.77 (3.08 - 4.60) 0.431
Catchment Area 1 4.11 (2.72 - 6.17) 4.02 (2.99 - 5.37) 0.850
Catchment Area 2 4.10 (2.58 - 6.44) 3.40 (2.40 - 4.80) 0.172
Catchment Area 3 4.34 (2.85 - 6.55) 3.61 (2.61 - 4.97) 0.146
Catchment Area 4 3.72 (2.32 - 5.91) 3.79 (2.68 - 5.35) 0.884
Catchment Area 5 3.58 (2.46 - 5.17) 3.57 (2.59 - 4.89) 0.976
Catchment Area 6 3.84 (2.36 - 6.21) 3.54 (2.48 - 5.02) 0.556
Catchment Area 7 3.48 (2.12 - 5.65) 3.35 (2.36 - 4.72) 0.789
Catchment Area 8 4.45 (2.97 - 6.61) 4.31 (3.17 - 5.85) 0.812
California 3.89 (3.44 - 4.40) 3.60 (3.18 - 4.06) 0.191
Region 1R 5.31 (3.54 - 7.88) 4.54 (3.24 - 6.34) 0.151
Region 2R 4.48 (3.00 - 6.63) 4.00 (2.96 - 5.38) 0.351
Region 3R (Sacramento) 3.68 (2.44 - 5.52) 3.69 (2.75 - 4.95) 0.982
Region 4R 3.60 (2.38 - 5.42) 3.81 (2.85 - 5.09) 0.659
Region 5R (San Francisco) 5.45 (3.36 - 8.73) 4.68 (3.34 - 6.52) 0.313
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 2.74 (1.83 - 4.10) 2.86 (2.10 - 3.88) 0.731
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 3.47 (2.27 - 5.29) 3.44 (2.56 - 4.61) 0.943
Region 8R (Alameda) 3.49 (2.31 - 5.26) 3.49 (2.57 - 4.73) 0.994
Region 9R (San Mateo) 2.90 (1.87 - 4.48) 3.01 (2.16 - 4.18) 0.777
Region 10 5.31a (3.50 - 7.99) 3.83 (2.85 - 5.14) 0.010
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 3.78 (3.16 - 4.53) 3.47 (2.96 - 4.06) 0.250
LA SPA 1 and 5 3.84 (2.51 - 5.81) 3.77 (2.78 - 5.10) 0.898
LA SPA 2 3.96 (2.71 - 5.75) 3.59 (2.68 - 4.79) 0.443
LA SPA 3 3.39 (2.31 - 4.96) 3.09 (2.30 - 4.14) 0.434
LA SPA 4 3.88 (2.55 - 5.86) 3.61 (2.61 - 4.95) 0.559
LA SPA 6 3.79 (2.62 - 5.46) 3.48 (2.55 - 4.72) 0.435
LA SPA 7 3.52 (2.40 - 5.14) 3.37 (2.50 - 4.55) 0.714
LA SPA 8 4.10 (2.69 - 6.21) 3.52 (2.62 - 4.70) 0.239
Region 12R 3.75 (2.52 - 5.55) 3.44 (2.51 - 4.71) 0.480
Regions 13 and 19R 3.84 (2.72 - 5.40) 3.75 (2.91 - 4.82) 0.827
Region 13 (Riverside) 3.86 (2.67 - 5.55) 3.75 (2.86 - 4.90) 0.797
Region 19R (Imperial) 3.58 (2.39 - 5.31) 3.77 (2.68 - 5.29) 0.624
Region 14 (Orange) 3.23 (2.31 - 4.51) 3.19 (2.46 - 4.13) 0.902
Region 15R (Fresno) 3.70 (2.55 - 5.33) 3.44 (2.51 - 4.68) 0.496
Region 16R (San Diego) 4.93a (3.68 - 6.58) 3.73 (2.91 - 4.77) 0.003
Region 17R 4.02 (2.83 - 5.70) 4.01 (3.03 - 5.29) 0.972
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 3.76 (2.70 - 5.22) 3.32 (2.57 - 4.27) 0.221
Region 20R 3.51 (2.36 - 5.18) 3.78 (2.80 - 5.09) 0.533
Region 21R 3.89 (2.59 - 5.79) 4.45 (3.32 - 5.94) 0.255
Colorado 4.00 (3.21 - 4.99) 4.11 (3.33 - 5.06) 0.750
Region 1 4.89 (3.28 - 7.22) 4.66 (3.40 - 6.36) 0.660
Regions 2 and 7 4.13 (3.11 - 5.47) 4.17 (3.24 - 5.36) 0.924
Region 3 3.31 (2.25 - 4.86) 3.72 (2.65 - 5.21) 0.313
Region 4 3.54 (2.19 - 5.65) 3.63 (2.49 - 5.26) 0.838
Regions 5 and 6 3.46 (2.17 - 5.47) 3.89 (2.77 - 5.45) 0.325
Connecticut 3.64 (2.87 - 4.60) 3.39 (2.70 - 4.25) 0.365
Eastern 3.46 (2.23 - 5.34) 3.37 (2.38 - 4.75) 0.822
North Central 3.19 (2.17 - 4.68) 3.23 (2.33 - 4.45) 0.931
Northwestern 4.45b (2.95 - 6.65) 3.61 (2.53 - 5.13) 0.053
South Central 3.84 (2.61 - 5.62) 3.80 (2.76 - 5.21) 0.923
Southwest 3.42 (2.18 - 5.34) 2.91 (2.07 - 4.09) 0.206
Delaware 3.83 (3.00 - 4.88) 3.80 (3.06 - 4.70) 0.916
Kent 3.81 (2.55 - 5.67) 3.79 (2.76 - 5.19) 0.952
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 3.95 (2.88 - 5.38) 4.10 (3.19 - 5.26) 0.733
Sussex 3.24 (2.13 - 4.90) 3.09 (2.20 - 4.33) 0.717
Wilmington City 4.71 (2.90 - 7.57) 3.83 (2.61 - 5.57) 0.128
District of Columbia 4.70 (3.67 - 6.00) 5.05 (4.06 - 6.27) 0.417
Ward 1 4.36a (2.75 - 6.85) 5.67 (4.00 - 7.99) 0.050
Ward 2 5.72 (3.72 - 8.69) 6.21 (4.55 - 8.42) 0.512
Ward 3 4.60 (2.88 - 7.28) 5.31 (3.77 - 7.42) 0.276
Ward 4 3.28 (1.93 - 5.53) 4.18 (2.84 - 6.12) 0.135
Ward 5 5.98 (3.60 - 9.75) 4.66 (3.25 - 6.64) 0.103
Ward 6 4.03b (2.46 - 6.52) 5.16 (3.58 - 7.39) 0.083
Ward 7 4.50 (2.84 - 7.06) 4.22 (2.91 - 6.09) 0.698
Ward 8 5.07 (3.09 - 8.23) 4.79 (3.34 - 6.83) 0.702
Florida 3.50a (3.05 - 4.01) 3.10 (2.73 - 3.53) 0.041
Region A - Northwest 3.90 (2.97 - 5.11) 3.66 (2.98 - 4.49) 0.453
Circuit 1 3.77 (2.56 - 5.51) 3.56 (2.65 - 4.76) 0.622
Circuit 2 3.98 (2.63 - 5.97) 3.93 (2.92 - 5.28) 0.926
Circuit 14 4.11 (2.57 - 6.51) 3.55 (2.52 - 4.98) 0.260
Region B - Northeast 3.80 (2.94 - 4.90) 3.41 (2.79 - 4.16) 0.218
Circuits 3 and 8 4.13 (2.81 - 6.04) 3.80 (2.87 - 5.03) 0.457
Circuit 4 4.34 (2.96 - 6.31) 3.68 (2.72 - 4.97) 0.190
Circuit 7 2.91 (1.87 - 4.50) 2.81 (2.06 - 3.81) 0.780
Region C - Central 3.34 (2.70 - 4.13) 3.03 (2.56 - 3.59) 0.175
Circuit 5 3.61a (2.38 - 5.43) 2.66 (1.91 - 3.69) 0.012
Circuit 9 2.93 (1.99 - 4.30) 3.36 (2.60 - 4.32) 0.258
Circuit 10 3.04 (1.99 - 4.61) 3.19 (2.39 - 4.26) 0.687
Circuit 18 3.61b (2.42 - 5.36) 2.96 (2.21 - 3.96) 0.092
Circuit 19 3.69b (2.29 - 5.89) 2.88 (2.05 - 4.02) 0.082
Region D - Southeast 2.37b (1.75 - 3.22) 2.87 (2.30 - 3.56) 0.063
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 2.44 (1.58 - 3.73) 2.96 (2.20 - 3.96) 0.148
Circuit 17 (Broward) 2.33 (1.59 - 3.40) 2.80 (2.12 - 3.68) 0.139
Region E - Sun Coast 4.17a (3.34 - 5.20) 3.18 (2.63 - 3.84) 0.001
Circuit 6 3.97 (2.72 - 5.76) 3.42 (2.52 - 4.63) 0.229
Circuit 12 5.54a (3.46 - 8.74) 3.25 (2.33 - 4.52) 0.000
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 3.23 (2.27 - 4.59) 3.00 (2.30 - 3.90) 0.505
Circuit 20 4.46a (2.96 - 6.67) 3.04 (2.19 - 4.20) 0.005
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.45a (2.49 - 4.76) 2.78 (2.17 - 3.55) 0.041
Georgia 3.21 (2.54 - 4.06) 3.03 (2.41 - 3.80) 0.474
Region 1 3.34 (2.28 - 4.87) 2.92 (2.16 - 3.95) 0.270
Region 2 2.99 (1.96 - 4.56) 3.13 (2.25 - 4.32) 0.710
Region 3 3.22 (2.13 - 4.84) 3.10 (2.23 - 4.30) 0.769
Region 4 3.40 (2.08 - 5.50) 3.20 (2.21 - 4.61) 0.634
Region 5 3.21 (2.15 - 4.75) 3.18 (2.23 - 4.50) 0.924
Region 6 3.07 (2.01 - 4.66) 2.77 (1.95 - 3.91) 0.407
Hawaii 4.38a (3.40 - 5.62) 3.42 (2.69 - 4.32) 0.039
Hawaii Island 4.24 (2.69 - 6.63) 3.49 (2.41 - 5.02) 0.160
Honolulu 4.37 (3.24 - 5.87) 3.50 (2.69 - 4.53) 0.111
Kauai and Maui 4.52a (3.03 - 6.72) 3.00 (2.13 - 4.21) 0.002
Kauai 5.56a (3.11 - 9.75) 3.49 (2.27 - 5.33) 0.010
Maui 4.06a (2.52 - 6.48) 2.79 (1.89 - 4.10) 0.013
Idaho 3.77 (3.03 - 4.69) 3.59 (2.89 - 4.45) 0.512
Region 1 4.25b (2.70 - 6.62) 3.36 (2.36 - 4.76) 0.072
Region 2 4.13 (2.62 - 6.44) 3.52 (2.49 - 4.95) 0.183
Region 3 3.56 (2.37 - 5.31) 3.54 (2.56 - 4.87) 0.949
Region 4 3.70 (2.60 - 5.25) 3.98 (2.94 - 5.36) 0.537
Region 5 3.44 (2.21 - 5.30) 3.05 (2.18 - 4.26) 0.343
Region 6 4.02 (2.63 - 6.11) 3.74 (2.66 - 5.22) 0.551
Region 7 3.55 (2.43 - 5.15) 3.43 (2.48 - 4.73) 0.750
Illinois 3.26 (2.84 - 3.73) 3.06 (2.68 - 3.48) 0.338
Region I (Cook) 3.78 (3.03 - 4.72) 3.24 (2.66 - 3.94) 0.116
Region II 2.73 (2.20 - 3.40) 2.83 (2.32 - 3.45) 0.688
Region III 2.90 (2.23 - 3.77) 3.15 (2.47 - 4.01) 0.375
Region IV 2.80 (1.98 - 3.96) 2.56 (1.88 - 3.47) 0.439
Region V 3.58 (2.65 - 4.81) 3.30 (2.53 - 4.29) 0.433
Indiana 3.53 (2.83 - 4.40) 3.60 (2.88 - 4.49) 0.835
Central 3.15 (2.13 - 4.64) 3.32 (2.40 - 4.57) 0.655
East 3.45 (2.24 - 5.29) 4.03 (2.83 - 5.72) 0.200
North Central 3.63 (2.38 - 5.49) 3.58 (2.57 - 4.97) 0.929
Northeast 3.28 (2.15 - 4.99) 3.62 (2.52 - 5.18) 0.404
Northwest 3.03 (1.95 - 4.67) 3.63 (2.55 - 5.15) 0.183
Southeast 4.66 (2.95 - 7.28) 3.73 (2.65 - 5.23) 0.112
Southwest 3.07 (1.95 - 4.78) 3.23 (2.25 - 4.61) 0.676
West 4.39 (2.98 - 6.40) 4.00 (2.91 - 5.48) 0.394
Iowa 2.04a (1.57 - 2.64) 2.58 (2.05 - 3.24) 0.010
Central 2.11 (1.38 - 3.21) 2.52 (1.81 - 3.50) 0.160
North Central 2.11a (1.36 - 3.27) 3.02 (2.09 - 4.34) 0.005
Northeast 2.17 (1.47 - 3.19) 2.45 (1.78 - 3.38) 0.318
Northwest 1.86a (1.20 - 2.88) 2.60 (1.83 - 3.66) 0.011
Southeast 1.86a (1.26 - 2.75) 2.62 (1.90 - 3.59) 0.003
Southwest 2.13 (1.35 - 3.34) 2.38 (1.66 - 3.39) 0.405
Kansas 3.24b (2.57 - 4.08) 2.80 (2.23 - 3.51) 0.073
Kansas City Metro 3.62a (2.59 - 5.03) 2.68 (1.99 - 3.60) 0.009
Northeast 2.81 (1.87 - 4.21) 2.64 (1.87 - 3.71) 0.600
South Central 3.49 (2.15 - 5.63) 2.95 (2.08 - 4.16) 0.201
Southeast 3.19 (1.99 - 5.07) 3.05 (2.08 - 4.46) 0.719
West 2.96 (1.91 - 4.56) 2.79 (1.99 - 3.90) 0.626
Wichita (Sedgwick) 2.98 (1.97 - 4.50) 3.01 (2.13 - 4.24) 0.940
Kentucky 3.67a (2.94 - 4.58) 3.00 (2.40 - 3.73) 0.013
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 3.26 (2.19 - 4.84) 3.11 (2.23 - 4.32) 0.683
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 4.41a (3.09 - 6.26) 3.08 (2.28 - 4.14) 0.003
Communicare and River Valley 3.33 (2.11 - 5.22) 2.76 (1.96 - 3.88) 0.137
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 3.38b (2.19 - 5.19) 2.76 (1.91 - 3.97) 0.088
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 3.41 (2.23 - 5.17) 3.12 (2.16 - 4.49) 0.449
Seven Counties 3.44 (2.28 - 5.17) 2.95 (2.12 - 4.11) 0.212
Louisiana 3.69 (2.96 - 4.59) 3.57 (2.92 - 4.36) 0.702
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 3.75 (2.82 - 4.96) --
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 3.98 (2.83 - 5.57) --
Region 10 (Jefferson) 3.54 (2.20 - 5.64) 3.52 (2.47 - 5.00) 0.978
Regions 2 and 9 3.86 (2.75 - 5.38) 3.72 (2.82 - 4.89) 0.741
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 3.78 (2.69 - 5.29) --
Regions 4, 5, and 6 3.81 (2.66 - 5.43) 3.50 (2.62 - 4.66) 0.442
Regions 7 and 8 3.71 (2.58 - 5.31) 3.20 (2.36 - 4.33) 0.204
Maine 3.21 (2.58 - 3.99) 3.35 (2.71 - 4.13) 0.605
Aroostook/Downeast 3.25 (2.15 - 4.86) 2.99 (2.22 - 4.02) 0.477
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 2.83 (1.99 - 4.02) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 3.13 (2.15 - 4.53) --
Central 3.14 (2.06 - 4.76) 3.09 (2.20 - 4.34) 0.898
Cumberland 3.38 (2.32 - 4.90) 3.48 (2.50 - 4.83) 0.802
Midcoast 2.96 (1.88 - 4.61) 3.10 (2.15 - 4.45) 0.720
Penquis 3.40b (2.28 - 5.05) 4.13 (3.02 - 5.62) 0.091
Western 3.25 (2.23 - 4.73) 3.54 (2.57 - 4.86) 0.439
York 3.00 (1.96 - 4.56) 2.97 (2.14 - 4.10) 0.938
Maryland 3.05 (2.35 - 3.95) 2.75 (2.17 - 3.49) 0.219
Anne Arundel 2.82 (1.77 - 4.46) 2.98 (2.04 - 4.33) 0.647
Baltimore City 3.05 (1.88 - 4.92) 3.28 (2.25 - 4.77) 0.571
Baltimore County 3.46 (2.07 - 5.74) 2.84 (2.01 - 3.99) 0.168
Montgomery 2.65 (1.65 - 4.23) 2.31 (1.64 - 3.25) 0.316
North Central 3.12 (1.90 - 5.06) 2.72 (1.89 - 3.89) 0.296
Northeast 3.30 (2.07 - 5.23) 2.82 (1.94 - 4.10) 0.200
Prince George's 2.70 (1.68 - 4.30) 2.32 (1.60 - 3.37) 0.261
South 3.35 (2.10 - 5.30) 3.07 (2.13 - 4.43) 0.506
West 3.28 (2.02 - 5.28) 2.93 (2.02 - 4.22) 0.388
Massachusetts 4.13a (3.33 - 5.10) 3.53 (2.88 - 4.31) 0.044
Boston 3.54 (2.27 - 5.47) 4.24 (3.08 - 5.82) 0.132
Central 4.23 (2.78 - 6.39) 3.65 (2.64 - 5.05) 0.210
Metrowest 4.03 (2.82 - 5.73) 3.43 (2.50 - 4.70) 0.164
Northeast 4.13a (2.78 - 6.08) 3.01 (2.17 - 4.17) 0.011
Southeast 3.68 (2.49 - 5.41) 3.25 (2.36 - 4.46) 0.289
Western 5.40a (3.67 - 7.88) 4.10 (2.99 - 5.59) 0.014
Michigan 3.80 (3.38 - 4.27) 3.58 (3.18 - 4.03) 0.275
Detroit City 2.81a (1.96 - 4.03) 3.68 (2.71 - 4.97) 0.028
Genesee 4.59a (3.09 - 6.76) 3.63 (2.71 - 4.85) 0.048
Kalamazoo 3.41 (2.43 - 4.77) 3.37 (2.56 - 4.42) 0.900
Kent 3.65 (2.61 - 5.07) 3.77 (2.86 - 4.96) 0.748
Lakeshore 4.32a (3.17 - 5.88) 3.46 (2.68 - 4.46) 0.035
Macomb 3.71 (2.66 - 5.16) 3.21 (2.46 - 4.19) 0.190
Mid South 4.74b (3.54 - 6.31) 3.97 (3.10 - 5.07) 0.074
Northern 4.25 (3.04 - 5.90) 3.90 (3.00 - 5.05) 0.422
Oakland 3.87b (2.82 - 5.30) 3.24 (2.53 - 4.13) 0.075
Pathways and Western 3.18 (2.17 - 4.65) 3.30 (2.45 - 4.45) 0.735
Riverhaven 4.16 (2.83 - 6.07) 3.60 (2.64 - 4.88) 0.202
Saginaw 3.70 (2.48 - 5.50) 3.81 (2.74 - 5.29) 0.793
Southeast 3.40 (2.55 - 4.53) 3.81 (3.01 - 4.81) 0.300
St. Clair 3.41 (2.34 - 4.97) 3.67 (2.71 - 4.95) 0.500
Washtenaw 3.54 (2.49 - 5.01) 3.31 (2.52 - 4.33) 0.546
Minnesota 2.88 (2.26 - 3.66) 2.76 (2.22 - 3.44) 0.622
Regions 1 and 2 3.86a (2.47 - 6.00) 2.98 (2.07 - 4.29) 0.038
Regions 3 and 4 2.82 (1.90 - 4.17) 2.69 (1.97 - 3.67) 0.693
Regions 5 and 6 2.47 (1.66 - 3.65) 2.90 (2.10 - 3.97) 0.151
Region 7A (Hennepin) 2.71 (1.76 - 4.14) 2.85 (2.05 - 3.94) 0.682
Region 7B (Ramsey) 2.83 (1.81 - 4.37) 2.95 (2.04 - 4.25) 0.728
Region 7C 3.02 (2.02 - 4.48) 2.44 (1.78 - 3.34) 0.105
Mississippi 3.13b (2.49 - 3.93) 3.57 (2.91 - 4.38) 0.098
Region 1 3.48 (2.39 - 5.04) 3.83 (2.86 - 5.12) 0.419
Region 2 2.97 (1.86 - 4.72) 3.41 (2.42 - 4.79) 0.315
Region 3 2.92 (1.91 - 4.44) 3.33 (2.38 - 4.65) 0.257
Region 4 3.14 (2.13 - 4.62) 3.43 (2.46 - 4.75) 0.464
Region 5 2.81b (1.74 - 4.49) 3.52 (2.45 - 5.04) 0.082
Region 6 3.21 (2.09 - 4.90) 3.76 (2.73 - 5.14) 0.200
Region 7 3.02 (1.99 - 4.57) 3.61 (2.60 - 4.98) 0.176
Missouri 2.89 (2.30 - 3.62) 2.78 (2.21 - 3.48) 0.609
Central 2.80 (1.86 - 4.19) 2.78 (1.97 - 3.91) 0.961
Eastern 2.94 (2.15 - 4.00) 2.75 (2.09 - 3.61) 0.498
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 2.53 (1.70 - 3.76) 2.77 (2.02 - 3.79) 0.450
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 3.65a (2.39 - 5.53) 2.72 (1.92 - 3.84) 0.020
Northwest 2.93 (2.08 - 4.11) 2.81 (2.14 - 3.69) 0.679
Northwest (Jackson) 2.78 (1.76 - 4.35) 2.80 (2.00 - 3.89) 0.956
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 3.06 (2.00 - 4.66) 2.82 (2.04 - 3.90) 0.506
Southeast 2.68 (1.74 - 4.10) 2.85 (2.01 - 4.01) 0.609
Southwest 2.94 (1.95 - 4.41) 2.72 (1.93 - 3.81) 0.493
Montana 3.30 (2.62 - 4.14) 3.27 (2.64 - 4.03) 0.902
Region 1 3.08 (1.91 - 4.93) 3.01 (2.12 - 4.27) 0.864
Region 2 2.76b (1.83 - 4.14) 3.43 (2.43 - 4.81) 0.056
Region 3 2.79 (1.85 - 4.19) 3.15 (2.31 - 4.28) 0.309
Region 4 3.74 (2.64 - 5.27) 3.74 (2.78 - 5.01) 0.997
Region 5 3.56b (2.50 - 5.05) 2.93 (2.18 - 3.93) 0.092
Nebraska 2.83 (2.22 - 3.60) 2.49 (1.95 - 3.19) 0.144
Regions 1 and 2 2.64 (1.81 - 3.83) 2.25 (1.60 - 3.14) 0.123
Region 1 2.66 (1.66 - 4.24) 2.33 (1.56 - 3.47) 0.286
Region 2 2.62 (1.63 - 4.19) 2.17 (1.46 - 3.22) 0.149
Region 3 2.98 (1.90 - 4.65) 2.47 (1.71 - 3.54) 0.147
Region 4 2.97a (1.84 - 4.76) 2.15 (1.47 - 3.15) 0.013
Region 5 2.99 (2.07 - 4.29) 2.65 (1.90 - 3.67) 0.309
Region 6 2.70 (1.91 - 3.80) 2.56 (1.89 - 3.46) 0.641
Nevada1 4.93b (3.92 - 6.18) 4.11 (3.23 - 5.22) 0.066
Clark - Region 1 5.01a (3.83 - 6.54) 3.89 (2.96 - 5.10) 0.027
Region 3 4.25 (2.72 - 6.57) 4.04 (2.90 - 5.58) 0.672
Capital District -- (-- - --) 4.05 (2.73 - 5.97) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 4.02 (2.72 - 5.91) --
Washoe - Region 2 5.11 (3.46 - 7.47) 5.17 (3.69 - 7.19) 0.926
New Hampshire 4.34b (3.53 - 5.31) 3.79 (3.10 - 4.61) 0.072
Central 4.52a (3.36 - 6.05) 3.70 (2.89 - 4.73) 0.029
Central 1 5.18 (3.49 - 7.63) 4.34 (3.24 - 5.80) 0.124
Central 2 3.90a (2.66 - 5.68) 3.09 (2.23 - 4.26) 0.045
Northern 4.24 (2.79 - 6.40) 3.74 (2.71 - 5.13) 0.312
Southern 4.27 (3.30 - 5.50) 3.84 (3.04 - 4.84) 0.238
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 3.56 (2.42 - 5.21) 3.20 (2.34 - 4.36) 0.370
Southern 2 4.71 (3.44 - 6.40) 4.23 (3.21 - 5.55) 0.310
New Jersey 3.00 (2.31 - 3.88) 3.19 (2.54 - 4.01) 0.501
Central 3.05 (2.01 - 4.59) 3.10 (2.24 - 4.26) 0.903
Metropolitan 2.89 (1.91 - 4.34) 3.25 (2.35 - 4.47) 0.372
Northern 2.93 (1.97 - 4.34) 3.01 (2.17 - 4.15) 0.846
Southern 3.16 (2.12 - 4.68) 3.52 (2.58 - 4.79) 0.353
New Mexico 3.96 (3.17 - 4.92) 3.98 (3.19 - 4.95) 0.949
Region 1 3.57 (2.44 - 5.18) 3.99 (2.90 - 5.47) 0.345
Region 2 3.63 (2.30 - 5.67) 3.54 (2.42 - 5.14) 0.850
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 4.45 (3.18 - 6.21) 4.45 (3.28 - 6.02) 0.999
Region 4 3.64 (2.42 - 5.43) 3.83 (2.75 - 5.32) 0.659
Region 5 4.01 (2.71 - 5.90) 3.60 (2.59 - 4.98) 0.381
New York 3.89a (3.42 - 4.42) 3.31 (2.89 - 3.79) 0.009
Region A 3.75b (3.06 - 4.59) 3.24 (2.72 - 3.87) 0.054
Region 1 3.57 (2.41 - 5.25) 3.08 (2.23 - 4.22) 0.206
Region 2 3.12 (2.30 - 4.22) 3.07 (2.35 - 4.02) 0.892
Region 3 6.27a (4.25 - 9.14) 4.60 (3.40 - 6.20) 0.016
Region 4 2.80 (1.93 - 4.03) 2.56 (1.91 - 3.43) 0.420
Region B 3.94a (3.19 - 4.86) 3.10 (2.55 - 3.77) 0.005
Region 5 4.06a (3.05 - 5.40) 3.28 (2.54 - 4.22) 0.048
Region 6 3.65a (2.46 - 5.38) 2.48 (1.78 - 3.44) 0.001
Region 7 4.01 (2.82 - 5.68) 3.50 (2.61 - 4.68) 0.200
Region C 4.03b (3.39 - 4.80) 3.57 (3.01 - 4.23) 0.074
Region 8 3.72 (2.66 - 5.18) 3.20 (2.43 - 4.21) 0.151
Region 9 3.84 (2.66 - 5.50) 3.69 (2.75 - 4.93) 0.723
Region 10 4.78a (3.33 - 6.82) 3.55 (2.61 - 4.80) 0.005
Region 11 4.45 (3.18 - 6.20) 3.74 (2.80 - 4.97) 0.101
Region 12 3.81 (2.69 - 5.36) 3.66 (2.75 - 4.85) 0.724
Region D 3.99 (3.13 - 5.08) 3.57 (2.90 - 4.38) 0.133
Region 13 4.03b (2.68 - 6.01) 3.25 (2.39 - 4.41) 0.057
Region 14 3.72 (2.57 - 5.34) 3.80 (2.79 - 5.15) 0.829
Region 15 4.24 (2.90 - 6.15) 3.62 (2.70 - 4.86) 0.136
North Carolina1 3.60a (2.88 - 4.49) 2.85 (2.27 - 3.59) 0.003
Alliance 3.35 (2.25 - 4.96) 2.82 (2.04 - 3.89) 0.123
Cardinal Innovations 4.08a (2.60 - 6.34) 3.00 (2.14 - 4.19) 0.017
CenterPoint/Guilford 3.41 (2.32 - 4.98) 2.96 (2.18 - 4.02) 0.173
CenterPoint 3.34 (2.03 - 5.44) 2.98 (2.06 - 4.29) 0.395
Guilford 3.49 (2.16 - 5.59) 2.94 (2.04 - 4.23) 0.164
CoastalCare 4.20a (2.67 - 6.54) 3.32 (2.29 - 4.78) 0.035
Eastpointe 3.00 (1.87 - 4.78) 2.59 (1.79 - 3.74) 0.239
ECBH 3.80a (2.42 - 5.91) 2.71 (1.84 - 3.96) 0.003
MeckLINK 2.87 (1.83 - 4.48) 2.72 (1.87 - 3.95) 0.659
Partners 4.61a (2.94 - 7.16) 2.86 (2.00 - 4.07) 0.001
Sandhills 3.39b (2.04 - 5.60) 2.64 (1.82 - 3.80) 0.076
Smoky Mountain 3.45 (2.17 - 5.44) 2.86 (1.95 - 4.19) 0.117
Western Highlands 3.27 (2.05 - 5.18) 2.82 (1.93 - 4.08) 0.236
North Dakota 2.04 (1.57 - 2.63) 2.20 (1.70 - 2.84) 0.424
Badlands and West Central 1.88 (1.29 - 2.74) 1.99 (1.39 - 2.84) 0.657
Lake Region and South Central 1.91 (1.22 - 2.98) 2.02 (1.38 - 2.94) 0.689
North Central and Northwest 1.83 (1.22 - 2.74) 2.19 (1.53 - 3.12) 0.165
Northeast 2.38 (1.59 - 3.55) 2.55 (1.79 - 3.60) 0.576
Southeast 2.20 (1.54 - 3.15) 2.34 (1.68 - 3.26) 0.621
Ohio 3.38 (2.98 - 3.83) 3.60 (3.22 - 4.02) 0.237
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 2.80 (1.95 - 3.99) 3.16 (2.37 - 4.19) 0.249
Boards 3, 52, and 85 3.10b (2.05 - 4.68) 3.86 (2.87 - 5.17) 0.067
Boards 4 and 78 2.75a (1.81 - 4.14) 3.68 (2.68 - 5.02) 0.009
Boards 5 and 60 4.07 (2.84 - 5.80) 4.19 (3.18 - 5.52) 0.766
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 2.69 (1.77 - 4.05) 3.24 (2.42 - 4.31) 0.139
Boards 8, 13, and 83 2.76 (1.85 - 4.09) 3.18 (2.42 - 4.19) 0.217
Board 9 (Butler) 4.83b (3.18 - 7.28) 3.89 (2.96 - 5.09) 0.099
Board 12 2.99 (2.03 - 4.37) 3.30 (2.44 - 4.44) 0.359
Boards 18 and 47 3.57 (2.68 - 4.74) 3.47 (2.74 - 4.38) 0.769
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 3.11 (2.09 - 4.62) 3.08 (2.26 - 4.17) 0.913
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 3.05 (2.07 - 4.47) 3.38 (2.56 - 4.46) 0.364
Boards 22, 74, and 87 3.53 (2.37 - 5.21) 3.52 (2.65 - 4.66) 0.986
Boards 23 and 45 2.90b (1.97 - 4.26) 3.53 (2.62 - 4.75) 0.068
Board 25 (Franklin) 4.56 (3.37 - 6.16) 4.30 (3.38 - 5.47) 0.584
Boards 27, 71, and 73 3.69 (2.42 - 5.59) 3.91 (2.91 - 5.24) 0.624
Boards 28, 43, and 67 2.82b (2.00 - 3.98) 3.47 (2.65 - 4.54) 0.058
Board 31 (Hamilton) 2.82 (1.93 - 4.11) 3.33 (2.57 - 4.32) 0.160
Board 48 (Lucas) 3.38 (2.25 - 5.03) 3.83 (2.90 - 5.06) 0.293
Boards 50 and 76 3.67 (2.53 - 5.29) 3.29 (2.53 - 4.27) 0.347
Board 57 (Montgomery) 3.47 (2.34 - 5.14) 3.54 (2.67 - 4.69) 0.870
Board 77 (Summit) 2.97a (2.04 - 4.32) 4.10 (3.08 - 5.45) 0.008
Oklahoma 4.80a (3.88 - 5.93) 3.68 (2.99 - 4.52) 0.001
Central 5.30a (3.56 - 7.83) 3.47 (2.52 - 4.76) 0.000
East Central 4.47b (2.89 - 6.85) 3.48 (2.43 - 4.97) 0.052
Northeast 3.86 (2.56 - 5.79) 3.39 (2.43 - 4.70) 0.319
Northwest and Southwest 6.26a (4.15 - 9.35) 3.79 (2.70 - 5.30) 0.000
Oklahoma County 4.24 (2.80 - 6.37) 4.03 (2.95 - 5.48) 0.684
Southeast 5.14a (3.40 - 7.71) 3.58 (2.52 - 5.07) 0.003
Tulsa County 4.51 (3.06 - 6.60) 3.78 (2.71 - 5.23) 0.150
Oregon 4.93b (4.00 - 6.08) 4.21 (3.42 - 5.19) 0.053
Region 1 (Multnomah) 6.06 (4.08 - 8.92) 5.29 (3.84 - 7.25) 0.286
Region 2 4.62a (3.12 - 6.80) 3.54 (2.58 - 4.84) 0.027
Region 3 4.80 (3.54 - 6.47) 4.41 (3.40 - 5.70) 0.420
Region 4 4.59b (2.95 - 7.08) 3.70 (2.58 - 5.27) 0.075
Region 5 (Central) 4.66 (2.84 - 7.57) 3.94 (2.73 - 5.66) 0.207
Region 6 (Eastern) 4.45 (2.78 - 7.03) 3.80 (2.58 - 5.56) 0.185
Pennsylvania 3.09 (2.68 - 3.56) 3.09 (2.70 - 3.53) 0.987
Region 1 (Allegheny) 4.10 (2.91 - 5.73) 3.92 (2.99 - 5.14) 0.742
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 2.75 (1.89 - 3.99) 2.66 (1.96 - 3.60) 0.768
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 2.94 (2.03 - 4.23) 3.00 (2.23 - 4.02) 0.854
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 2.99 (1.96 - 4.54) 2.80 (2.10 - 3.71) 0.591
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 3.28 (2.35 - 4.57) 2.94 (2.19 - 3.92) 0.271
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 3.23 (2.44 - 4.27) 2.83 (2.23 - 3.57) 0.219
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 2.57 (1.77 - 3.72) 2.52 (1.84 - 3.46) 0.875
Regions 17 and 21 2.87 (1.92 - 4.25) 3.02 (2.19 - 4.15) 0.645
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 2.48 (1.69 - 3.63) 2.65 (2.01 - 3.50) 0.571
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 2.82 (1.94 - 4.07) 3.05 (2.32 - 3.99) 0.500
Regions 29 and 34 2.76 (1.85 - 4.11) 2.89 (2.15 - 3.87) 0.702
Regions 30 and 50 2.47 (1.69 - 3.60) 2.74 (2.02 - 3.69) 0.376
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 3.63 (2.58 - 5.09) 4.20 (3.20 - 5.48) 0.258
Rhode Island 5.37 (4.30 - 6.70) 4.87 (3.92 - 6.02) 0.293
Bristol and Newport 3.85 (2.49 - 5.92) 3.78 (2.62 - 5.42) 0.881
Kent 4.52 (2.92 - 6.94) 3.99 (2.85 - 5.57) 0.349
Providence 6.20 (4.73 - 8.10) 5.30 (4.11 - 6.81) 0.168
Washington 4.09b (2.72 - 6.09) 5.05 (3.65 - 6.96) 0.088
South Carolina 3.95 (3.04 - 5.12) 3.39 (2.75 - 4.16) 0.110
Region 1 2.92 (1.90 - 4.46) 3.01 (2.20 - 4.11) 0.810
Region 2 4.44a (3.04 - 6.44) 3.23 (2.40 - 4.33) 0.012
Region 3 3.29 (2.02 - 5.30) 3.40 (2.40 - 4.80) 0.817
Region 4 4.88 (3.15 - 7.47) 3.92 (2.92 - 5.24) 0.152
South Dakota 2.35 (1.83 - 3.02) 2.45 (1.90 - 3.17) 0.649
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 2.51 (1.76 - 3.56) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 2.46 (1.65 - 3.65) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 2.22 (1.58 - 3.12) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 2.33 (1.62 - 3.33) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 2.66 (1.89 - 3.75) --
Tennessee 3.53 (2.80 - 4.45) 3.56 (2.90 - 4.36) 0.930
Region 1 4.02 (2.52 - 6.36) 3.31 (2.33 - 4.69) 0.176
Region 2 2.98 (1.93 - 4.56) 3.60 (2.63 - 4.91) 0.158
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 3.59 (2.61 - 4.93) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 3.62 (2.28 - 5.70) 3.72 (2.72 - 5.08) 0.832
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 3.31 (2.45 - 4.46) --
Region 6 3.80 (2.45 - 5.86) 3.33 (2.34 - 4.71) 0.273
Region 7 (Shelby) 3.87 (2.42 - 6.15) 4.06 (2.88 - 5.70) 0.717
Texas 3.11 (2.74 - 3.53) 3.09 (2.72 - 3.50) 0.896
Region 1 2.95 (2.09 - 4.16) 3.35 (2.52 - 4.45) 0.219
Region 2 2.85 (1.90 - 4.26) 3.03 (2.22 - 4.12) 0.599
Region 3 3.52 (2.86 - 4.33) 3.20 (2.67 - 3.83) 0.229
Region 3a 3.73b (2.86 - 4.85) 3.17 (2.52 - 3.96) 0.098
Region 3bc 3.16 (2.32 - 4.29) 3.26 (2.55 - 4.16) 0.781
Region 4 2.88 (1.94 - 4.27) 2.88 (2.12 - 3.89) 0.978
Region 5 3.18 (2.11 - 4.77) 3.11 (2.32 - 4.16) 0.860
Region 6 2.70 (2.11 - 3.44) 2.70 (2.19 - 3.32) 0.981
Region 6a 2.69 (2.06 - 3.51) 2.68 (2.14 - 3.35) 0.967
Region 6bc 2.72 (1.78 - 4.14) 2.88 (2.13 - 3.89) 0.649
Region 7 3.76 (2.94 - 4.79) 3.71 (3.05 - 4.52) 0.897
Region 7a 3.99 (2.92 - 5.45) 3.81 (2.96 - 4.90) 0.692
Region 7bcd 3.37 (2.39 - 4.73) 3.55 (2.71 - 4.63) 0.618
Region 8 2.69 (1.92 - 3.75) 3.04 (2.32 - 3.98) 0.275
Region 9 3.88 (2.55 - 5.86) 3.29 (2.41 - 4.47) 0.159
Region 10 2.79 (1.89 - 4.10) 3.00 (2.23 - 4.02) 0.525
Region 11 2.72 (2.08 - 3.56) 2.98 (2.38 - 3.75) 0.304
Region 11abd 2.63 (1.89 - 3.64) 3.08 (2.34 - 4.05) 0.119
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 2.90 (1.94 - 4.30) 2.82 (2.07 - 3.82) 0.819
Utah 3.18 (2.58 - 3.93) 2.92 (2.35 - 3.61) 0.272
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 2.93 (1.97 - 4.32) 2.74 (1.98 - 3.80) 0.558
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 2.95 (1.95 - 4.44) 2.81 (2.01 - 3.91) 0.683
Davis County 3.00 (2.06 - 4.34) 2.88 (2.06 - 4.00) 0.694
Salt Lake County 3.29 (2.41 - 4.49) 2.85 (2.13 - 3.82) 0.196
Utah County 3.65 (2.63 - 5.04) 3.31 (2.44 - 4.49) 0.350
Weber, Morgan 2.64 (1.71 - 4.05) 2.81 (1.97 - 3.99) 0.581
Vermont 4.18 (3.41 - 5.12) 4.01 (3.28 - 4.89) 0.583
Champlain Valley 4.58 (3.49 - 5.99) 4.40 (3.43 - 5.64) 0.704
Rural Northeast 3.75 (2.60 - 5.37) 3.95 (2.90 - 5.38) 0.642
Rural Southeast 4.24 (2.87 - 6.23) 3.74 (2.70 - 5.16) 0.268
Rural Southwest 3.79 (2.55 - 5.61) 3.45 (2.43 - 4.87) 0.376
Virginia 3.03 (2.37 - 3.87) 3.18 (2.56 - 3.94) 0.562
Region 1 3.55 (2.37 - 5.28) 3.52 (2.56 - 4.81) 0.946
Region 2 2.52 (1.65 - 3.85) 2.57 (1.84 - 3.59) 0.882
Region 3 3.16 (2.13 - 4.65) 3.42 (2.47 - 4.72) 0.492
Region 4 3.12 (1.98 - 4.87) 3.22 (2.27 - 4.55) 0.789
Region 5 3.10 (2.04 - 4.69) 3.48 (2.55 - 4.73) 0.355
Washington 3.86 (3.10 - 4.79) 4.36 (3.56 - 5.33) 0.110
Region 1 3.99 (2.87 - 5.53) 4.14 (3.15 - 5.43) 0.680
East 1 (previously Region 1) 4.03 (2.67 - 6.03) 4.16 (3.00 - 5.76) 0.763
East 2 (previously Region 2) 3.94 (2.48 - 6.20) 4.11 (2.91 - 5.79) 0.729
Region 2 3.36a (2.48 - 4.53) 4.51 (3.55 - 5.73) 0.003
North 1 (previously Region 3) 3.74 (2.48 - 5.62) 4.31 (3.15 - 5.86) 0.251
North 2 (previously Region 4) 3.13a (2.14 - 4.57) 4.63 (3.49 - 6.13) 0.002
Region 3 4.47 (3.31 - 6.00) 4.29 (3.33 - 5.51) 0.669
West 1 (previously Region 5) 4.08 (2.76 - 6.00) 4.37 (3.22 - 5.89) 0.555
West 2 (previously Region 6) 4.82 (3.23 - 7.14) 4.22 (3.06 - 5.79) 0.240
West Virginia 4.22a (3.38 - 5.24) 3.22 (2.62 - 3.95) 0.000
Region I 4.71a (2.93 - 7.47) 2.95 (2.05 - 4.22) 0.000
Region II 4.53a (2.91 - 6.98) 3.20 (2.29 - 4.48) 0.006
Region III 3.52b (2.25 - 5.47) 2.81 (2.00 - 3.94) 0.074
Region IV 4.23 (2.97 - 6.01) 4.16 (3.17 - 5.44) 0.866
Region V 4.88a (3.38 - 6.99) 3.15 (2.36 - 4.20) 0.000
Region VI 3.08 (2.05 - 4.61) 2.56 (1.79 - 3.65) 0.107
Wisconsin 3.50 (2.83 - 4.32) 3.18 (2.57 - 3.93) 0.199
Milwaukee 3.20 (2.14 - 4.75) 3.44 (2.49 - 4.74) 0.505
Northeastern 3.42 (2.38 - 4.89) 2.88 (2.11 - 3.93) 0.125
Northern 3.15 (2.01 - 4.91) 3.08 (2.16 - 4.39) 0.859
Southeastern 3.39 (2.32 - 4.93) 3.19 (2.31 - 4.37) 0.583
Southern 3.86 (2.63 - 5.64) 3.34 (2.48 - 4.49) 0.176
Western 3.84b (2.65 - 5.53) 3.18 (2.26 - 4.44) 0.066
Wyoming 2.90 (2.30 - 3.66) 2.81 (2.22 - 3.55) 0.701
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 2.80 (1.85 - 4.21) 2.68 (1.86 - 3.84) 0.705
Judicial District 2 3.49 (2.40 - 5.04) 3.30 (2.39 - 4.54) 0.595
Judicial District 3 2.88 (1.92 - 4.29) 2.64 (1.87 - 3.70) 0.448
Judicial District 4 2.66 (1.67 - 4.23) 2.40 (1.64 - 3.49) 0.418
Judicial District 5 2.76 (1.79 - 4.24) 2.50 (1.72 - 3.62) 0.444
Judicial District 6 2.86 (1.86 - 4.38) 2.95 (2.08 - 4.16) 0.792
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 3.24 (2.14 - 4.85) 3.21 (2.25 - 4.56) 0.949
Judicial District 8 2.69 (1.69 - 4.27) 2.66 (1.83 - 3.86) 0.932
Judicial District 9 2.69 (1.69 - 4.25) 2.82 (1.94 - 4.08) 0.730
140403
Table 6 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 1.94a (1.84 - 2.03) 1.68 (1.60 - 1.77) 0.000
Northeast 2.31a (2.10 - 2.53) 1.96 (1.76 - 2.18) 0.001
Midwest 1.68a (1.55 - 1.83) 1.41 (1.27 - 1.56) 0.000
South 1.72a (1.59 - 1.87) 1.52 (1.39 - 1.67) 0.006
West 2.22a (2.02 - 2.45) 1.97 (1.77 - 2.19) 0.025
Alabama 1.18 (0.82 - 1.70) 1.06 (0.73 - 1.55) 0.461
Region 1 1.08 (0.68 - 1.71) 1.15 (0.73 - 1.79) 0.727
Region 2 1.27 (0.80 - 2.01) 1.10 (0.70 - 1.72) 0.408
Region 3 1.24b (0.75 - 2.07) 0.90 (0.56 - 1.44) 0.073
Region 4 1.12 (0.68 - 1.84) 1.04 (0.66 - 1.63) 0.641
Alaska 2.52a (1.90 - 3.34) 1.77 (1.34 - 2.34) 0.009
Anchorage 2.87a (1.99 - 4.11) 2.00 (1.46 - 2.75) 0.028
Northern 2.04 (1.33 - 3.10) 1.60 (1.08 - 2.36) 0.165
South Central 2.22a (1.48 - 3.33) 1.55 (1.05 - 2.28) 0.032
Southeast 2.86a (1.85 - 4.40) 1.81 (1.21 - 2.69) 0.008
Arizona 2.21 (1.64 - 2.98) 2.02 (1.52 - 2.68) 0.463
Maricopa 2.10 (1.47 - 2.99) 2.05 (1.48 - 2.83) 0.877
Pima 2.83 (1.84 - 4.33) 2.30 (1.59 - 3.31) 0.163
Rural North 2.29 (1.48 - 3.54) 1.93 (1.30 - 2.86) 0.243
Rural South 1.92 (1.21 - 3.02) 1.66 (1.08 - 2.54) 0.326
Arkansas 1.30 (0.91 - 1.84) 1.24 (0.88 - 1.74) 0.746
Catchment Area 1 1.23 (0.78 - 1.94) 1.24 (0.81 - 1.88) 0.966
Catchment Area 2 1.27 (0.78 - 2.08) 1.03 (0.66 - 1.62) 0.252
Catchment Area 3 1.41 (0.83 - 2.37) 1.11 (0.70 - 1.75) 0.236
Catchment Area 4 1.13 (0.69 - 1.84) 1.12 (0.73 - 1.73) 0.983
Catchment Area 5 1.22 (0.76 - 1.96) 1.15 (0.74 - 1.79) 0.740
Catchment Area 6 1.35 (0.78 - 2.35) 1.66 (1.00 - 2.73) 0.354
Catchment Area 7 1.29 (0.75 - 2.20) 1.05 (0.67 - 1.66) 0.298
Catchment Area 8 1.40 (0.86 - 2.29) 1.49 (0.97 - 2.29) 0.739
California 2.18 (1.87 - 2.53) 2.03 (1.72 - 2.38) 0.355
Region 1R 3.12a (2.19 - 4.44) 2.13 (1.53 - 2.95) 0.004
Region 2R 2.49 (1.76 - 3.51) 2.05 (1.47 - 2.84) 0.117
Region 3R (Sacramento) 2.30 (1.55 - 3.40) 1.93 (1.37 - 2.71) 0.211
Region 4R 2.24 (1.54 - 3.24) 1.89 (1.39 - 2.57) 0.197
Region 5R (San Francisco) 3.92 (2.56 - 5.95) 3.52 (2.51 - 4.91) 0.534
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 1.60 (1.09 - 2.34) 1.39 (0.99 - 1.94) 0.279
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 1.90 (1.29 - 2.79) 1.80 (1.29 - 2.52) 0.673
Region 8R (Alameda) 2.29 (1.58 - 3.30) 2.09 (1.52 - 2.87) 0.506
Region 9R (San Mateo) 1.70 (1.13 - 2.55) 1.59 (1.11 - 2.28) 0.654
Region 10 2.66 (1.86 - 3.81) 2.28 (1.66 - 3.12) 0.226
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 2.08 (1.71 - 2.53) 2.05 (1.67 - 2.51) 0.867
LA SPA 1 and 5 2.56 (1.72 - 3.78) 2.40 (1.69 - 3.41) 0.652
LA SPA 2 2.13 (1.49 - 3.02) 1.90 (1.36 - 2.63) 0.377
LA SPA 3 1.66 (1.14 - 2.41) 1.69 (1.22 - 2.34) 0.875
LA SPA 4 2.57 (1.76 - 3.76) 2.58 (1.84 - 3.62) 0.978
LA SPA 6 2.20 (1.49 - 3.23) 2.23 (1.59 - 3.13) 0.905
LA SPA 7 1.79 (1.22 - 2.64) 1.88 (1.34 - 2.63) 0.730
LA SPA 8 1.97 (1.35 - 2.85) 2.05 (1.50 - 2.81) 0.758
Region 12R 2.12 (1.46 - 3.08) 1.91 (1.35 - 2.70) 0.415
Regions 13 and 19R 2.07 (1.46 - 2.92) 1.70 (1.26 - 2.29) 0.112
Region 13 (Riverside) 2.06 (1.43 - 2.97) 1.68 (1.22 - 2.31) 0.116
Region 19R (Imperial) 2.19 (1.49 - 3.22) 1.97 (1.39 - 2.80) 0.415
Region 14 (Orange) 1.80 (1.31 - 2.46) 1.91 (1.46 - 2.50) 0.633
Region 15R (Fresno) 2.13 (1.46 - 3.09) 2.04 (1.42 - 2.92) 0.734
Region 16R (San Diego) 2.29 (1.68 - 3.13) 2.20 (1.64 - 2.95) 0.734
Region 17R 2.29 (1.63 - 3.21) 2.44 (1.75 - 3.39) 0.608
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 2.06 (1.46 - 2.90) 2.00 (1.47 - 2.71) 0.810
Region 20R 2.06 (1.42 - 2.99) 1.88 (1.34 - 2.63) 0.478
Region 21R 2.38 (1.66 - 3.42) 2.25 (1.63 - 3.10) 0.636
Colorado 3.44b (2.73 - 4.32) 2.76 (2.15 - 3.53) 0.052
Region 1 4.20a (2.89 - 6.06) 3.00 (2.15 - 4.18) 0.022
Regions 2 and 7 3.55 (2.69 - 4.67) 2.95 (2.23 - 3.90) 0.163
Region 3 2.78 (1.88 - 4.08) 2.44 (1.68 - 3.54) 0.365
Region 4 2.71 (1.74 - 4.20) 2.37 (1.54 - 3.65) 0.404
Regions 5 and 6 3.22a (2.07 - 4.98) 2.08 (1.42 - 3.04) 0.009
Connecticut 1.82 (1.32 - 2.50) 1.89 (1.44 - 2.50) 0.760
Eastern 1.80 (1.13 - 2.87) 1.78 (1.21 - 2.61) 0.932
North Central 1.68 (1.10 - 2.55) 2.02 (1.43 - 2.84) 0.275
Northwestern 1.97 (1.25 - 3.08) 1.71 (1.15 - 2.52) 0.395
South Central 2.02 (1.33 - 3.05) 2.04 (1.46 - 2.86) 0.934
Southwest 1.66 (1.03 - 2.67) 1.78 (1.19 - 2.64) 0.691
Delaware 2.09 (1.55 - 2.81) 1.81 (1.37 - 2.40) 0.276
Kent 2.11b (1.37 - 3.23) 1.63 (1.11 - 2.41) 0.098
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 2.17 (1.53 - 3.08) 2.06 (1.51 - 2.81) 0.736
Sussex 1.84a (1.18 - 2.86) 1.25 (0.85 - 1.84) 0.019
Wilmington City 2.16 (1.27 - 3.66) 2.17 (1.39 - 3.37) 0.986
District of Columbia 3.32 (2.49 - 4.41) 2.98 (2.26 - 3.92) 0.424
Ward 1 3.39 (2.13 - 5.35) 3.71 (2.56 - 5.35) 0.626
Ward 2 4.57 (3.07 - 6.76) 3.92 (2.76 - 5.54) 0.373
Ward 3 3.47 (2.31 - 5.17) 3.24 (2.29 - 4.55) 0.696
Ward 4 2.47 (1.45 - 4.17) 2.34 (1.55 - 3.54) 0.806
Ward 5 3.16 (1.87 - 5.29) 2.50 (1.66 - 3.75) 0.257
Ward 6 3.43 (2.12 - 5.51) 3.39 (2.29 - 4.97) 0.947
Ward 7 3.23 (1.90 - 5.44) 2.29 (1.42 - 3.67) 0.164
Ward 8 2.54 (1.45 - 4.40) 2.21 (1.38 - 3.51) 0.534
Florida 1.83 (1.54 - 2.17) 1.79 (1.50 - 2.14) 0.810
Region A - Northwest 2.07 (1.59 - 2.69) 2.17 (1.70 - 2.79) 0.647
Circuit 1 1.92 (1.32 - 2.77) 2.04 (1.47 - 2.83) 0.656
Circuit 2 2.41 (1.63 - 3.55) 2.70 (1.95 - 3.74) 0.401
Circuit 14 1.98 (1.30 - 3.01) 1.78 (1.24 - 2.55) 0.471
Region B - Northeast 1.92 (1.48 - 2.48) 1.93 (1.51 - 2.46) 0.962
Circuits 3 and 8 2.04 (1.38 - 3.00) 2.09 (1.52 - 2.87) 0.847
Circuit 4 2.03 (1.38 - 2.97) 2.06 (1.46 - 2.90) 0.932
Circuit 7 1.71 (1.14 - 2.54) 1.66 (1.20 - 2.30) 0.854
Region C - Central 1.81 (1.45 - 2.26) 1.65 (1.34 - 2.04) 0.353
Circuit 5 1.52 (1.02 - 2.27) 1.21 (0.85 - 1.73) 0.168
Circuit 9 2.12 (1.50 - 2.99) 2.25 (1.68 - 3.01) 0.656
Circuit 10 1.60 (1.09 - 2.35) 1.42 (1.03 - 1.96) 0.419
Circuit 18 1.88 (1.29 - 2.75) 1.69 (1.23 - 2.32) 0.444
Circuit 19 1.76a (1.15 - 2.66) 1.27 (0.89 - 1.80) 0.033
Region D - Southeast 1.54 (1.14 - 2.07) 1.67 (1.30 - 2.13) 0.503
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 1.51 (1.01 - 2.26) 1.71 (1.26 - 2.33) 0.410
Circuit 17 (Broward) 1.56 (1.08 - 2.25) 1.63 (1.21 - 2.20) 0.753
Region E - Sun Coast 1.95 (1.53 - 2.48) 1.96 (1.57 - 2.44) 0.957
Circuit 6 1.91 (1.30 - 2.80) 2.38 (1.73 - 3.28) 0.164
Circuit 12 2.02 (1.31 - 3.10) 1.91 (1.36 - 2.67) 0.723
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 2.00 (1.41 - 2.83) 1.91 (1.42 - 2.56) 0.727
Circuit 20 1.90 (1.28 - 2.81) 1.55 (1.11 - 2.15) 0.174
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 1.79 (1.28 - 2.49) 1.56 (1.20 - 2.04) 0.311
Georgia 1.39 (0.98 - 1.98) 1.58 (1.15 - 2.18) 0.351
Region 1 1.26 (0.80 - 1.97) 1.36 (0.91 - 2.02) 0.668
Region 2 1.48 (0.89 - 2.47) 1.75 (1.13 - 2.71) 0.336
Region 3 1.42 (0.86 - 2.31) 1.72 (1.16 - 2.55) 0.316
Region 4 1.50 (0.88 - 2.53) 1.77 (1.13 - 2.77) 0.372
Region 5 1.46 (0.92 - 2.32) 1.51 (0.98 - 2.32) 0.828
Region 6 1.39 (0.86 - 2.24) 1.53 (0.99 - 2.35) 0.590
Hawaii 1.59 (1.14 - 2.22) 1.59 (1.15 - 2.19) 0.995
Hawaii Island 2.32 (1.44 - 3.73) 1.88 (1.21 - 2.91) 0.262
Honolulu 1.41 (0.97 - 2.07) 1.61 (1.15 - 2.27) 0.465
Kauai and Maui 1.76a (1.12 - 2.75) 1.26 (0.84 - 1.88) 0.039
Kauai 1.88 (1.11 - 3.19) 1.41 (0.87 - 2.27) 0.141
Maui 1.70a (1.01 - 2.84) 1.19 (0.77 - 1.84) 0.045
Idaho 1.16 (0.85 - 1.58) 1.08 (0.77 - 1.52) 0.566
Region 1 1.11b (0.69 - 1.78) 0.82 (0.52 - 1.29) 0.071
Region 2 1.29 (0.80 - 2.09) 1.20 (0.78 - 1.87) 0.646
Region 3 1.05 (0.67 - 1.65) 1.08 (0.69 - 1.70) 0.835
Region 4 1.25 (0.84 - 1.85) 1.25 (0.82 - 1.91) 0.981
Region 5 1.09 (0.69 - 1.71) 1.03 (0.66 - 1.61) 0.702
Region 6 1.18 (0.75 - 1.84) 1.00 (0.64 - 1.56) 0.273
Region 7 1.14 (0.74 - 1.76) 1.01 (0.65 - 1.57) 0.407
Illinois 1.88 (1.58 - 2.23) 1.80 (1.50 - 2.15) 0.632
Region I (Cook) 2.16 (1.68 - 2.78) 2.21 (1.74 - 2.79) 0.881
Region II 1.63 (1.25 - 2.13) 1.42 (1.11 - 1.82) 0.289
Region III 2.02 (1.51 - 2.71) 1.84 (1.39 - 2.44) 0.446
Region IV 1.56 (1.06 - 2.27) 1.48 (1.06 - 2.07) 0.757
Region V 1.64 (1.15 - 2.32) 1.50 (1.09 - 2.06) 0.540
Indiana 1.36b (0.98 - 1.88) 1.06 (0.73 - 1.53) 0.056
Central 1.31 (0.84 - 2.06) 1.07 (0.68 - 1.70) 0.215
East 1.30 (0.79 - 2.12) 1.04 (0.64 - 1.67) 0.198
North Central 1.31b (0.83 - 2.05) 0.97 (0.61 - 1.53) 0.059
Northeast 1.28 (0.80 - 2.04) 0.98 (0.61 - 1.55) 0.107
Northwest 1.38b (0.85 - 2.22) 1.03 (0.63 - 1.67) 0.093
Southeast 1.38b (0.86 - 2.22) 1.02 (0.64 - 1.62) 0.073
Southwest 1.30 (0.79 - 2.15) 1.04 (0.63 - 1.71) 0.185
West 1.67 (1.09 - 2.56) 1.33 (0.85 - 2.07) 0.116
Iowa 1.00 (0.70 - 1.41) 1.10 (0.79 - 1.52) 0.472
Central 1.10 (0.69 - 1.75) 1.01 (0.64 - 1.58) 0.620
North Central 1.05 (0.65 - 1.69) 1.33 (0.85 - 2.06) 0.133
Northeast 1.02 (0.65 - 1.60) 1.05 (0.70 - 1.57) 0.853
Northwest 0.95 (0.60 - 1.50) 0.92 (0.60 - 1.42) 0.856
Southeast 0.95b (0.60 - 1.51) 1.26 (0.85 - 1.87) 0.059
Southwest 0.88 (0.52 - 1.48) 1.01 (0.65 - 1.59) 0.434
Kansas 1.48 (1.08 - 2.03) 1.36 (1.00 - 1.86) 0.482
Kansas City Metro 1.65 (1.11 - 2.46) 1.39 (0.96 - 2.02) 0.283
Northeast 1.52 (0.98 - 2.34) 1.22 (0.81 - 1.85) 0.128
South Central 1.32 (0.81 - 2.14) 1.24 (0.81 - 1.89) 0.666
Southeast 1.48 (0.93 - 2.36) 1.22 (0.79 - 1.89) 0.181
West 1.23 (0.78 - 1.94) 1.22 (0.81 - 1.83) 0.945
Wichita (Sedgwick) 1.40 (0.90 - 2.17) 1.70 (1.10 - 2.63) 0.207
Kentucky 1.28 (0.92 - 1.79) 1.29 (0.93 - 1.79) 0.972
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 1.07 (0.67 - 1.70) 1.28 (0.83 - 1.95) 0.274
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 1.38 (0.90 - 2.11) 1.37 (0.91 - 2.05) 0.957
Communicare and River Valley 1.32 (0.80 - 2.15) 1.14 (0.74 - 1.75) 0.369
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 1.30 (0.80 - 2.09) 1.36 (0.88 - 2.11) 0.784
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 1.21 (0.76 - 1.94) 1.22 (0.77 - 1.93) 0.956
Seven Counties 1.33 (0.84 - 2.11) 1.27 (0.83 - 1.93) 0.759
Louisiana 1.83 (1.34 - 2.49) 1.50 (1.10 - 2.04) 0.136
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 1.98 (1.37 - 2.85) --
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 2.21 (1.43 - 3.40) --
Region 10 (Jefferson) 1.91 (1.16 - 3.13) 1.75 (1.17 - 2.62) 0.615
Regions 2 and 9 1.68 (1.09 - 2.58) 1.36 (0.92 - 2.01) 0.222
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 1.39 (0.91 - 2.13) --
Regions 4, 5, and 6 1.71 (1.11 - 2.61) 1.52 (1.04 - 2.22) 0.493
Regions 7 and 8 1.84a (1.19 - 2.83) 1.25 (0.83 - 1.87) 0.030
Maine 2.10 (1.61 - 2.74) 1.81 (1.38 - 2.35) 0.183
Aroostook/Downeast 1.80 (1.18 - 2.72) 1.78 (1.25 - 2.53) 0.941
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 1.79 (1.17 - 2.73) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 1.77 (1.18 - 2.63) --
Central 1.92 (1.24 - 2.98) 1.61 (1.08 - 2.41) 0.272
Cumberland 2.60 (1.80 - 3.76) 2.58 (1.83 - 3.61) 0.942
Midcoast 2.19a (1.42 - 3.38) 1.47 (0.98 - 2.21) 0.015
Penquis 2.17 (1.44 - 3.27) 1.98 (1.36 - 2.86) 0.536
Western 1.97 (1.30 - 2.98) 1.53 (1.05 - 2.23) 0.116
York 1.81a (1.18 - 2.76) 1.27 (0.86 - 1.86) 0.029
Maryland 1.68 (1.18 - 2.38) 1.39 (0.98 - 1.96) 0.143
Anne Arundel 1.80 (1.12 - 2.89) 1.45 (0.92 - 2.26) 0.133
Baltimore City 2.15 (1.21 - 3.78) 2.10 (1.29 - 3.39) 0.913
Baltimore County 1.58 (0.93 - 2.65) 1.43 (0.91 - 2.24) 0.596
Montgomery 1.30 (0.81 - 2.11) 1.12 (0.74 - 1.69) 0.328
North Central 1.50 (0.93 - 2.40) 1.27 (0.80 - 2.00) 0.313
Northeast 1.68 (1.06 - 2.67) 1.42 (0.90 - 2.24) 0.283
Prince George's 1.64a (0.96 - 2.79) 1.11 (0.69 - 1.76) 0.034
South 1.99a (1.21 - 3.26) 1.44 (0.91 - 2.25) 0.032
West 1.69 (1.04 - 2.73) 1.44 (0.92 - 2.24) 0.323
Massachusetts 2.64a (2.06 - 3.38) 2.06 (1.58 - 2.66) 0.017
Boston 3.00 (1.96 - 4.58) 3.09 (2.17 - 4.39) 0.846
Central 2.74 (1.85 - 4.04) 2.25 (1.55 - 3.25) 0.155
Metrowest 2.34b (1.64 - 3.31) 1.84 (1.30 - 2.60) 0.081
Northeast 2.43a (1.64 - 3.58) 1.79 (1.24 - 2.57) 0.043
Southeast 2.43b (1.65 - 3.57) 1.85 (1.27 - 2.68) 0.060
Western 3.40a (2.23 - 5.16) 1.98 (1.37 - 2.86) 0.000
Michigan 1.83a (1.56 - 2.15) 1.33 (1.10 - 1.62) 0.000
Detroit City 1.76 (1.08 - 2.85) 1.63 (1.04 - 2.53) 0.724
Genesee 1.92a (1.30 - 2.83) 1.29 (0.90 - 1.83) 0.008
Kalamazoo 1.73a (1.20 - 2.47) 1.23 (0.89 - 1.69) 0.012
Kent 2.04a (1.45 - 2.87) 1.44 (1.04 - 1.98) 0.011
Lakeshore 1.81a (1.30 - 2.51) 1.23 (0.89 - 1.70) 0.004
Macomb 1.83a (1.30 - 2.57) 1.13 (0.82 - 1.56) 0.001
Mid South 1.89a (1.39 - 2.57) 1.41 (1.03 - 1.94) 0.015
Northern 1.97a (1.43 - 2.70) 1.33 (0.98 - 1.81) 0.002
Oakland 1.69a (1.23 - 2.32) 1.27 (0.95 - 1.70) 0.021
Pathways and Western 1.99a (1.39 - 2.86) 1.16 (0.82 - 1.64) 0.000
Riverhaven 1.90a (1.33 - 2.73) 1.34 (0.95 - 1.89) 0.014
Saginaw 1.79 (1.19 - 2.68) 1.46 (1.00 - 2.13) 0.168
Southeast 1.84b (1.36 - 2.49) 1.47 (1.06 - 2.02) 0.093
St. Clair 1.63a (1.13 - 2.34) 1.11 (0.78 - 1.59) 0.006
Washtenaw 1.83a (1.30 - 2.58) 1.34 (0.98 - 1.83) 0.018
Minnesota 1.76a (1.33 - 2.33) 1.28 (0.94 - 1.74) 0.008
Regions 1 and 2 1.68a (1.07 - 2.63) 1.20 (0.78 - 1.86) 0.036
Regions 3 and 4 1.66a (1.11 - 2.48) 1.09 (0.72 - 1.65) 0.008
Regions 5 and 6 1.51 (1.00 - 2.27) 1.27 (0.85 - 1.90) 0.258
Region 7A (Hennepin) 1.96 (1.26 - 3.03) 1.70 (1.16 - 2.48) 0.398
Region 7B (Ramsey) 1.90b (1.19 - 3.01) 1.41 (0.91 - 2.17) 0.069
Region 7C 1.83a (1.22 - 2.74) 0.98 (0.65 - 1.48) 0.000
Mississippi 1.42 (0.99 - 2.04) 1.47 (1.05 - 2.06) 0.824
Region 1 1.63 (1.03 - 2.55) 1.48 (0.98 - 2.24) 0.592
Region 2 1.50 (0.84 - 2.66) 1.51 (0.93 - 2.45) 0.970
Region 3 1.27 (0.76 - 2.13) 1.37 (0.89 - 2.11) 0.683
Region 4 1.33 (0.80 - 2.19) 1.54 (1.00 - 2.36) 0.466
Region 5 1.24 (0.69 - 2.22) 1.28 (0.80 - 2.04) 0.892
Region 6 1.36 (0.81 - 2.26) 1.42 (0.92 - 2.19) 0.801
Region 7 1.44 (0.89 - 2.33) 1.56 (1.03 - 2.34) 0.682
Missouri 1.78a (1.31 - 2.41) 1.25 (0.91 - 1.73) 0.003
Central 1.68a (1.07 - 2.64) 1.24 (0.81 - 1.87) 0.045
Eastern 1.97a (1.35 - 2.87) 1.35 (0.92 - 1.97) 0.012
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 1.86 (1.16 - 2.94) 1.54 (1.00 - 2.37) 0.291
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 2.17a (1.37 - 3.42) 1.01 (0.65 - 1.57) 0.000
Northwest 1.76a (1.20 - 2.56) 1.23 (0.85 - 1.78) 0.010
Northwest (Jackson) 1.86 (1.16 - 2.98) 1.49 (0.96 - 2.32) 0.210
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 1.67a (1.08 - 2.58) 1.01 (0.65 - 1.55) 0.001
Southeast 1.51a (0.95 - 2.40) 1.08 (0.69 - 1.67) 0.035
Southwest 1.66a (1.09 - 2.51) 1.23 (0.81 - 1.87) 0.035
Montana 2.04a (1.56 - 2.66) 1.51 (1.15 - 1.98) 0.006
Region 1 1.72a (1.10 - 2.69) 1.11 (0.73 - 1.67) 0.003
Region 2 1.84 (1.21 - 2.79) 1.43 (0.95 - 2.14) 0.112
Region 3 2.06a (1.40 - 3.01) 1.41 (0.97 - 2.04) 0.007
Region 4 2.02b (1.38 - 2.94) 1.57 (1.10 - 2.22) 0.064
Region 5 2.21b (1.54 - 3.17) 1.68 (1.21 - 2.31) 0.057
Nebraska 1.48 (1.08 - 2.02) 1.39 (1.05 - 1.85) 0.654
Regions 1 and 2 1.20 (0.79 - 1.82) 1.24 (0.86 - 1.80) 0.806
Region 1 1.15 (0.71 - 1.86) 1.30 (0.84 - 2.03) 0.431
Region 2 1.24 (0.75 - 2.04) 1.19 (0.78 - 1.81) 0.769
Region 3 1.37 (0.87 - 2.14) 1.14 (0.75 - 1.71) 0.228
Region 4 1.33 (0.82 - 2.16) 1.09 (0.71 - 1.65) 0.230
Region 5 1.61 (1.08 - 2.41) 1.46 (1.02 - 2.08) 0.501
Region 6 1.54 (1.03 - 2.30) 1.56 (1.10 - 2.19) 0.950
Nevada1 2.46a (1.85 - 3.28) 1.63 (1.20 - 2.22) 0.001
Clark - Region 1 2.31a (1.65 - 3.23) 1.56 (1.11 - 2.21) 0.006
Region 3 2.50a (1.61 - 3.87) 1.38 (0.95 - 2.01) 0.000
Capital District -- (-- - --) 1.50 (0.98 - 2.28) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 1.28 (0.82 - 1.99) --
Washoe - Region 2 3.13a (2.13 - 4.58) 2.15 (1.50 - 3.07) 0.007
New Hampshire 2.54a (1.99 - 3.25) 1.99 (1.54 - 2.56) 0.027
Central 2.77b (2.03 - 3.78) 2.23 (1.66 - 2.99) 0.092
Central 1 3.11 (2.10 - 4.59) 2.43 (1.72 - 3.42) 0.103
Central 2 2.45 (1.64 - 3.65) 2.03 (1.40 - 2.95) 0.220
Northern 2.63b (1.73 - 3.97) 1.95 (1.37 - 2.77) 0.052
Southern 2.41a (1.82 - 3.20) 1.88 (1.41 - 2.49) 0.037
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 2.27a (1.56 - 3.29) 1.56 (1.11 - 2.17) 0.007
Southern 2 2.50 (1.80 - 3.48) 2.08 (1.49 - 2.89) 0.186
New Jersey 2.09 (1.54 - 2.84) 1.98 (1.48 - 2.66) 0.656
Central 2.21 (1.45 - 3.35) 1.82 (1.24 - 2.66) 0.200
Metropolitan 2.15 (1.40 - 3.28) 2.48 (1.70 - 3.61) 0.360
Northern 1.88 (1.24 - 2.85) 1.88 (1.33 - 2.67) 0.997
Southern 2.21 (1.45 - 3.37) 1.75 (1.17 - 2.61) 0.148
New Mexico 2.23 (1.71 - 2.90) 2.12 (1.60 - 2.81) 0.671
Region 1 1.82 (1.23 - 2.68) 1.74 (1.19 - 2.55) 0.770
Region 2 2.18 (1.42 - 3.35) 1.90 (1.27 - 2.83) 0.336
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 2.66 (1.90 - 3.72) 2.64 (1.89 - 3.68) 0.955
Region 4 1.99 (1.31 - 3.03) 1.70 (1.16 - 2.49) 0.246
Region 5 2.13 (1.42 - 3.18) 2.10 (1.45 - 3.04) 0.930
New York 2.43b (2.07 - 2.85) 2.06 (1.74 - 2.45) 0.063
Region A 2.29 (1.84 - 2.85) 2.35 (1.89 - 2.90) 0.823
Region 1 2.02 (1.35 - 3.01) 2.13 (1.47 - 3.08) 0.736
Region 2 2.07 (1.49 - 2.87) 2.19 (1.64 - 2.93) 0.685
Region 3 3.69 (2.58 - 5.24) 3.38 (2.48 - 4.58) 0.581
Region 4 1.70 (1.18 - 2.44) 1.91 (1.41 - 2.58) 0.422
Region B 2.28a (1.83 - 2.85) 1.79 (1.45 - 2.19) 0.017
Region 5 2.30a (1.71 - 3.09) 1.74 (1.35 - 2.24) 0.027
Region 6 1.96 (1.36 - 2.82) 1.63 (1.17 - 2.27) 0.201
Region 7 2.70 (1.91 - 3.80) 2.19 (1.60 - 3.00) 0.126
Region C 2.72a (2.24 - 3.31) 1.97 (1.61 - 2.41) 0.001
Region 8 2.53 (1.80 - 3.53) 2.09 (1.54 - 2.83) 0.167
Region 9 2.52b (1.78 - 3.55) 1.92 (1.41 - 2.62) 0.059
Region 10 2.83a (2.01 - 3.96) 1.79 (1.30 - 2.46) 0.001
Region 11 2.81a (2.04 - 3.85) 2.02 (1.48 - 2.74) 0.010
Region 12 2.94a (2.11 - 4.09) 1.94 (1.41 - 2.66) 0.005
Region D 2.73a (2.12 - 3.50) 1.76 (1.38 - 2.23) 0.000
Region 13 2.39a (1.61 - 3.54) 1.75 (1.26 - 2.44) 0.031
Region 14 2.60a (1.83 - 3.68) 1.75 (1.26 - 2.44) 0.004
Region 15 3.15a (2.14 - 4.62) 1.76 (1.24 - 2.49) 0.000
North Carolina1 2.04 (1.50 - 2.77) 1.69 (1.24 - 2.31) 0.103
Alliance 2.00 (1.29 - 3.08) 1.78 (1.20 - 2.63) 0.463
Cardinal Innovations 2.06 (1.30 - 3.25) 1.86 (1.24 - 2.78) 0.515
CenterPoint/Guilford 2.04b (1.34 - 3.10) 1.62 (1.11 - 2.35) 0.100
CenterPoint 1.91 (1.15 - 3.15) 1.65 (1.08 - 2.52) 0.390
Guilford 2.19b (1.30 - 3.65) 1.58 (1.01 - 2.46) 0.067
CoastalCare 2.27 (1.44 - 3.57) 2.11 (1.38 - 3.22) 0.627
Eastpointe 2.02b (1.18 - 3.46) 1.45 (0.93 - 2.26) 0.078
ECBH 2.29b (1.41 - 3.69) 1.72 (1.11 - 2.65) 0.078
MeckLINK 2.26a (1.40 - 3.64) 1.61 (1.04 - 2.48) 0.040
Partners 1.92 (1.22 - 3.00) 1.58 (1.04 - 2.39) 0.258
Sandhills 1.84 (1.09 - 3.07) 1.42 (0.91 - 2.22) 0.137
Smoky Mountain 1.78 (1.11 - 2.83) 1.59 (1.03 - 2.45) 0.480
Western Highlands 1.96 (1.22 - 3.13) 1.67 (1.11 - 2.51) 0.308
North Dakota 1.02 (0.71 - 1.45) 0.97 (0.68 - 1.39) 0.767
Badlands and West Central 0.94 (0.59 - 1.49) 0.84 (0.54 - 1.32) 0.551
Lake Region and South Central 0.83 (0.51 - 1.34) 0.89 (0.56 - 1.43) 0.662
North Central and Northwest 0.92 (0.57 - 1.47) 0.86 (0.54 - 1.35) 0.682
Northeast 1.22 (0.77 - 1.92) 1.26 (0.83 - 1.91) 0.853
Southeast 1.16 (0.75 - 1.79) 1.09 (0.70 - 1.71) 0.722
Ohio 1.46 (1.21 - 1.74) 1.54 (1.28 - 1.85) 0.562
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 1.45 (1.02 - 2.05) 1.44 (1.03 - 2.01) 0.974
Boards 3, 52, and 85 1.16 (0.77 - 1.75) 1.29 (0.90 - 1.85) 0.477
Boards 4 and 78 1.31 (0.86 - 1.98) 1.48 (1.03 - 2.11) 0.418
Boards 5 and 60 1.51 (1.05 - 2.16) 1.57 (1.12 - 2.20) 0.768
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 1.12 (0.74 - 1.69) 1.25 (0.90 - 1.74) 0.469
Boards 8, 13, and 83 1.20 (0.81 - 1.78) 1.27 (0.91 - 1.77) 0.712
Board 9 (Butler) 1.24 (0.82 - 1.89) 1.23 (0.88 - 1.71) 0.942
Board 12 1.47 (1.00 - 2.15) 1.58 (1.10 - 2.26) 0.590
Boards 18 and 47 1.43 (1.00 - 2.03) 1.39 (1.03 - 1.89) 0.881
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 1.26 (0.86 - 1.85) 1.34 (0.95 - 1.87) 0.682
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 1.20 (0.80 - 1.79) 1.20 (0.84 - 1.71) 0.990
Boards 22, 74, and 87 1.47 (1.01 - 2.14) 1.43 (1.03 - 1.98) 0.841
Boards 23 and 45 1.38 (0.93 - 2.03) 1.49 (1.06 - 2.09) 0.594
Board 25 (Franklin) 2.01 (1.46 - 2.78) 2.34 (1.74 - 3.14) 0.279
Boards 27, 71, and 73 1.26 (0.85 - 1.86) 1.54 (1.08 - 2.19) 0.203
Boards 28, 43, and 67 1.31 (0.91 - 1.86) 1.30 (0.94 - 1.81) 0.993
Board 31 (Hamilton) 1.52 (1.03 - 2.22) 1.82 (1.29 - 2.56) 0.243
Board 48 (Lucas) 1.75 (1.14 - 2.67) 1.52 (1.08 - 2.13) 0.389
Boards 50 and 76 1.74 (1.18 - 2.57) 1.35 (0.96 - 1.89) 0.102
Board 57 (Montgomery) 1.51 (1.00 - 2.27) 1.93 (1.34 - 2.76) 0.127
Board 77 (Summit) 1.39 (0.95 - 2.03) 1.41 (0.99 - 1.99) 0.936
Oklahoma 1.37 (0.98 - 1.92) 1.15 (0.82 - 1.62) 0.150
Central 1.47 (0.92 - 2.34) 1.17 (0.76 - 1.80) 0.148
East Central 1.39a (0.83 - 2.31) 0.96 (0.60 - 1.55) 0.025
Northeast 1.29a (0.80 - 2.05) 0.86 (0.56 - 1.33) 0.010
Northwest and Southwest 1.44 (0.91 - 2.26) 1.19 (0.76 - 1.86) 0.199
Oklahoma County 1.40 (0.86 - 2.28) 1.30 (0.85 - 1.99) 0.658
Southeast 1.22 (0.77 - 1.95) 1.16 (0.72 - 1.85) 0.730
Tulsa County 1.39 (0.87 - 2.20) 1.28 (0.82 - 2.00) 0.631
Oregon 2.32 (1.80 - 3.00) 1.93 (1.47 - 2.54) 0.106
Region 1 (Multnomah) 3.09 (2.06 - 4.61) 3.25 (2.27 - 4.63) 0.768
Region 2 1.82 (1.23 - 2.70) 1.56 (1.08 - 2.26) 0.254
Region 3 2.49a (1.81 - 3.41) 1.70 (1.21 - 2.39) 0.007
Region 4 1.96 (1.30 - 2.96) 1.55 (1.03 - 2.32) 0.132
Region 5 (Central) 2.24a (1.42 - 3.52) 1.53 (1.01 - 2.30) 0.013
Region 6 (Eastern) 1.99 (1.29 - 3.06) 1.59 (1.02 - 2.46) 0.147
Pennsylvania 2.10a (1.76 - 2.50) 1.72 (1.42 - 2.07) 0.033
Region 1 (Allegheny) 2.58 (1.82 - 3.63) 2.15 (1.57 - 2.93) 0.247
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 2.15b (1.45 - 3.18) 1.65 (1.16 - 2.35) 0.068
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 1.99a (1.41 - 2.80) 1.39 (1.01 - 1.92) 0.010
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 1.91a (1.25 - 2.89) 1.34 (0.95 - 1.87) 0.019
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 2.08a (1.45 - 2.98) 1.46 (1.05 - 2.02) 0.009
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 2.16a (1.62 - 2.87) 1.42 (1.09 - 1.84) 0.001
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 1.69 (1.15 - 2.48) 1.49 (1.05 - 2.10) 0.379
Regions 17 and 21 2.15a (1.45 - 3.19) 1.59 (1.13 - 2.24) 0.047
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 1.81b (1.28 - 2.57) 1.40 (1.02 - 1.91) 0.066
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 1.73 (1.19 - 2.50) 1.66 (1.20 - 2.31) 0.796
Regions 29 and 34 1.83 (1.25 - 2.66) 1.74 (1.26 - 2.39) 0.697
Regions 30 and 50 2.10a (1.45 - 3.03) 1.47 (1.05 - 2.05) 0.013
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 2.50 (1.73 - 3.60) 2.93 (2.14 - 3.99) 0.357
Rhode Island 3.33a (2.55 - 4.33) 2.49 (1.89 - 3.26) 0.032
Bristol and Newport 2.89a (1.86 - 4.48) 1.66 (1.12 - 2.46) 0.001
Kent 2.65 (1.70 - 4.12) 2.04 (1.37 - 3.03) 0.150
Providence 3.65b (2.68 - 4.94) 2.74 (2.01 - 3.72) 0.070
Washington 3.12 (2.08 - 4.66) 2.72 (1.87 - 3.92) 0.366
South Carolina 2.35a (1.71 - 3.22) 1.72 (1.26 - 2.34) 0.035
Region 1 1.97 (1.25 - 3.08) 1.79 (1.20 - 2.65) 0.602
Region 2 2.09b (1.36 - 3.18) 1.52 (1.05 - 2.21) 0.074
Region 3 2.56b (1.58 - 4.11) 1.74 (1.13 - 2.66) 0.056
Region 4 2.90a (1.83 - 4.56) 1.85 (1.26 - 2.69) 0.029
South Dakota 1.16a (0.83 - 1.63) 0.91 (0.63 - 1.31) 0.044
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 0.90 (0.58 - 1.40) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 0.73 (0.45 - 1.18) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 0.85 (0.54 - 1.35) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 0.81 (0.50 - 1.31) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 1.08 (0.70 - 1.66) --
Tennessee 1.46 (1.03 - 2.06) 1.43 (1.04 - 1.97) 0.887
Region 1 1.26 (0.76 - 2.09) 1.40 (0.92 - 2.13) 0.544
Region 2 1.50 (0.96 - 2.35) 1.60 (1.06 - 2.42) 0.688
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 1.45 (0.96 - 2.20) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 1.92 (1.14 - 3.23) 1.86 (1.22 - 2.84) 0.851
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 1.13 (0.75 - 1.69) --
Region 6 1.41 (0.85 - 2.32) 1.31 (0.83 - 2.04) 0.652
Region 7 (Shelby) 1.50 (0.87 - 2.58) 1.50 (0.95 - 2.38) 0.998
Texas 1.79a (1.52 - 2.11) 1.47 (1.24 - 1.75) 0.016
Region 1 1.90 (1.35 - 2.67) 1.76 (1.27 - 2.44) 0.530
Region 2 1.62b (1.08 - 2.43) 1.25 (0.85 - 1.82) 0.064
Region 3 1.73 (1.35 - 2.21) 1.50 (1.21 - 1.86) 0.158
Region 3a 1.84 (1.37 - 2.46) 1.56 (1.21 - 2.01) 0.165
Region 3bc 1.53 (1.08 - 2.17) 1.40 (1.03 - 1.89) 0.488
Region 4 1.56b (1.05 - 2.29) 1.22 (0.84 - 1.77) 0.093
Region 5 1.62a (1.07 - 2.46) 1.21 (0.85 - 1.71) 0.043
Region 6 1.89a (1.45 - 2.47) 1.38 (1.07 - 1.79) 0.010
Region 6a 1.89a (1.41 - 2.51) 1.38 (1.04 - 1.81) 0.015
Region 6bc 1.95a (1.31 - 2.89) 1.45 (1.01 - 2.08) 0.032
Region 7 2.08 (1.60 - 2.70) 1.79 (1.40 - 2.27) 0.127
Region 7a 2.03 (1.45 - 2.83) 1.95 (1.46 - 2.61) 0.757
Region 7bcd 2.16a (1.51 - 3.08) 1.50 (1.08 - 2.09) 0.004
Region 8 1.64 (1.18 - 2.27) 1.44 (1.06 - 1.96) 0.271
Region 9 1.73 (1.18 - 2.53) 1.74 (1.24 - 2.43) 0.981
Region 10 1.64 (1.12 - 2.38) 1.46 (1.04 - 2.06) 0.384
Region 11 1.78a (1.35 - 2.36) 1.35 (1.01 - 1.78) 0.012
Region 11abd 1.80a (1.28 - 2.54) 1.40 (1.00 - 1.96) 0.049
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 1.75a (1.19 - 2.57) 1.25 (0.87 - 1.80) 0.015
Utah 1.29 (0.94 - 1.77) 1.52 (1.15 - 1.99) 0.215
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 1.24 (0.78 - 1.95) 1.30 (0.87 - 1.94) 0.725
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 1.08 (0.68 - 1.72) 1.21 (0.80 - 1.82) 0.484
Davis County 1.33 (0.83 - 2.12) 1.36 (0.89 - 2.07) 0.874
Salt Lake County 1.36 (0.91 - 2.02) 1.71 (1.22 - 2.38) 0.157
Utah County 1.36 (0.89 - 2.06) 1.50 (1.02 - 2.18) 0.516
Weber, Morgan 1.18b (0.72 - 1.94) 1.63 (1.08 - 2.44) 0.053
Vermont 3.06a (2.46 - 3.80) 2.38 (1.87 - 3.01) 0.012
Champlain Valley 3.57a (2.75 - 4.61) 2.75 (2.09 - 3.59) 0.021
Rural Northeast 2.82 (2.00 - 3.98) 2.32 (1.65 - 3.27) 0.168
Rural Southeast 2.65 (1.82 - 3.86) 2.16 (1.51 - 3.07) 0.159
Rural Southwest 2.73a (1.83 - 4.05) 1.82 (1.26 - 2.62) 0.009
Virginia 1.80a (1.34 - 2.42) 1.36 (1.01 - 1.83) 0.010
Region 1 2.05a (1.38 - 3.03) 1.43 (1.00 - 2.06) 0.010
Region 2 1.55 (0.99 - 2.40) 1.23 (0.82 - 1.82) 0.135
Region 3 1.90a (1.26 - 2.87) 1.37 (0.93 - 2.00) 0.030
Region 4 1.89b (1.22 - 2.91) 1.44 (0.94 - 2.19) 0.096
Region 5 1.79b (1.16 - 2.77) 1.39 (0.93 - 2.06) 0.075
Washington 2.21a (1.68 - 2.90) 1.73 (1.32 - 2.27) 0.030
Region 1 2.18a (1.52 - 3.12) 1.46 (1.05 - 2.04) 0.002
East 1 (previously Region 1) 2.22a (1.45 - 3.38) 1.51 (1.02 - 2.23) 0.010
East 2 (previously Region 2) 2.13a (1.35 - 3.34) 1.41 (0.94 - 2.10) 0.005
Region 2 2.26 (1.63 - 3.12) 1.93 (1.44 - 2.59) 0.226
North 1 (previously Region 3) 2.21 (1.50 - 3.25) 1.75 (1.23 - 2.49) 0.101
North 2 (previously Region 4) 2.29 (1.54 - 3.38) 2.04 (1.45 - 2.86) 0.444
Region 3 2.16a (1.54 - 3.02) 1.63 (1.18 - 2.25) 0.029
West 1 (previously Region 5) 2.27b (1.50 - 3.41) 1.70 (1.16 - 2.48) 0.060
West 2 (previously Region 6) 2.06b (1.36 - 3.10) 1.56 (1.06 - 2.29) 0.068
West Virginia 2.14a (1.64 - 2.78) 1.54 (1.15 - 2.06) 0.006
Region I 2.12a (1.37 - 3.27) 1.10 (0.72 - 1.70) 0.000
Region II 2.24a (1.42 - 3.50) 1.40 (0.92 - 2.11) 0.007
Region III 1.72a (1.09 - 2.70) 1.19 (0.77 - 1.83) 0.023
Region IV 2.94b (2.06 - 4.18) 2.27 (1.64 - 3.12) 0.056
Region V 1.98b (1.35 - 2.89) 1.49 (1.00 - 2.20) 0.085
Region VI 1.62b (1.05 - 2.51) 1.22 (0.80 - 1.86) 0.079
Wisconsin 2.31a (1.77 - 3.01) 1.40 (1.04 - 1.89) 0.000
Milwaukee 2.36a (1.54 - 3.60) 1.66 (1.07 - 2.56) 0.038
Northeastern 2.23a (1.52 - 3.27) 1.27 (0.87 - 1.86) 0.000
Northern 1.91a (1.21 - 3.00) 1.27 (0.84 - 1.93) 0.011
Southeastern 2.31a (1.55 - 3.43) 1.36 (0.91 - 2.02) 0.001
Southern 2.60a (1.74 - 3.89) 1.52 (1.05 - 2.18) 0.000
Western 2.25a (1.50 - 3.36) 1.30 (0.86 - 1.94) 0.000
Wyoming 1.34 (0.98 - 1.82) 1.19 (0.86 - 1.65) 0.375
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 1.36 (0.90 - 2.05) 1.26 (0.82 - 1.94) 0.617
Judicial District 2 1.67 (1.09 - 2.57) 1.90 (1.25 - 2.87) 0.403
Judicial District 3 1.13 (0.73 - 1.76) 0.99 (0.63 - 1.55) 0.442
Judicial District 4 1.20 (0.73 - 1.96) 1.04 (0.66 - 1.64) 0.384
Judicial District 5 1.22b (0.79 - 1.89) 0.93 (0.59 - 1.46) 0.078
Judicial District 6 1.34 (0.85 - 2.12) 1.14 (0.73 - 1.79) 0.316
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 1.51 (0.97 - 2.33) 1.35 (0.88 - 2.05) 0.487
Judicial District 8 1.17 (0.73 - 1.85) 0.98 (0.63 - 1.52) 0.268
Judicial District 9 1.37 (0.84 - 2.22) 1.06 (0.67 - 1.68) 0.133
140403
Table 7 – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 4.87a (4.72 - 5.02) 4.63 (4.49 - 4.78) 0.007
Northeast 4.41b (4.15 - 4.70) 4.19 (3.92 - 4.48) 0.094
Midwest 4.83 (4.61 - 5.05) 4.65 (4.43 - 4.88) 0.130
South 4.71a (4.50 - 4.93) 4.45 (4.23 - 4.67) 0.023
West 5.51 (5.17 - 5.88) 5.24 (4.92 - 5.59) 0.102
Alabama 4.79 (4.01 - 5.71) 4.92 (4.13 - 5.84) 0.730
Region 1 4.70 (3.64 - 6.04) 4.58 (3.49 - 5.99) 0.811
Region 2 5.03 (3.95 - 6.38) 5.27 (4.14 - 6.69) 0.638
Region 3 4.74 (3.58 - 6.23) 4.25 (3.20 - 5.64) 0.326
Region 4 4.60 (3.48 - 6.05) 5.36 (4.15 - 6.90) 0.167
Alaska 5.31 (4.37 - 6.43) 5.21 (4.40 - 6.16) 0.809
Anchorage 5.72 (4.48 - 7.28) 5.81 (4.68 - 7.20) 0.867
Northern 4.90 (3.73 - 6.40) 5.00 (3.85 - 6.48) 0.820
South Central 5.07 (3.78 - 6.77) 4.75 (3.61 - 6.21) 0.524
Southeast 5.07 (3.68 - 6.94) 4.47 (3.31 - 6.01) 0.241
Arizona 6.25 (5.15 - 7.56) 5.70 (4.77 - 6.80) 0.258
Maricopa 6.07 (4.86 - 7.57) 6.07 (4.93 - 7.46) 0.999
Pima 7.00 (5.18 - 9.38) 5.89 (4.42 - 7.81) 0.111
Rural North 7.20a (5.20 - 9.89) 4.66 (3.40 - 6.37) 0.000
Rural South 5.30 (3.80 - 7.34) 4.72 (3.41 - 6.51) 0.260
Arkansas 5.51 (4.64 - 6.55) 5.74 (4.85 - 6.78) 0.569
Catchment Area 1 5.45 (4.11 - 7.18) 5.45 (4.16 - 7.11) 0.997
Catchment Area 2 5.83 (4.35 - 7.78) 5.59 (4.15 - 7.50) 0.688
Catchment Area 3 5.47 (4.09 - 7.28) 5.66 (4.23 - 7.53) 0.764
Catchment Area 4 5.26 (3.86 - 7.11) 5.92 (4.37 - 7.96) 0.278
Catchment Area 5 5.64 (4.32 - 7.32) 5.85 (4.49 - 7.60) 0.708
Catchment Area 6 4.87 (3.52 - 6.70) 5.73 (4.23 - 7.71) 0.165
Catchment Area 7 5.33 (3.91 - 7.23) 5.16 (3.85 - 6.89) 0.753
Catchment Area 8 5.76 (4.32 - 7.64) 6.20 (4.79 - 7.99) 0.518
California 5.02 (4.53 - 5.57) 5.03 (4.55 - 5.56) 0.963
Region 1R 6.58 (5.06 - 8.52) 5.71 (4.41 - 7.36) 0.123
Region 2R 6.38 (4.94 - 8.21) 5.97 (4.61 - 7.69) 0.482
Region 3R (Sacramento) 5.90 (4.52 - 7.66) 5.23 (4.02 - 6.77) 0.197
Region 4R 5.49 (4.21 - 7.15) 5.66 (4.42 - 7.23) 0.757
Region 5R (San Francisco) 5.33 (3.91 - 7.23) 5.47 (4.10 - 7.27) 0.803
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 3.78b (2.85 - 5.01) 4.49 (3.46 - 5.82) 0.078
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 4.56 (3.43 - 6.03) 4.75 (3.65 - 6.16) 0.678
Region 8R (Alameda) 5.00 (3.76 - 6.61) 4.95 (3.75 - 6.50) 0.916
Region 9R (San Mateo) 4.15 (3.08 - 5.58) 4.28 (3.13 - 5.81) 0.761
Region 10 6.01 (4.61 - 7.82) 5.48 (4.26 - 7.02) 0.340
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 4.48 (3.92 - 5.12) 4.81 (4.19 - 5.52) 0.211
LA SPA 1 and 5 4.71 (3.56 - 6.22) 5.18 (3.96 - 6.74) 0.307
LA SPA 2 4.25 (3.27 - 5.51) 4.91 (3.83 - 6.29) 0.106
LA SPA 3 4.40 (3.34 - 5.77) 4.21 (3.19 - 5.54) 0.665
LA SPA 4 4.51 (3.41 - 5.95) 4.91 (3.71 - 6.47) 0.397
LA SPA 6 4.36 (3.35 - 5.66) 5.06 (3.82 - 6.67) 0.145
LA SPA 7 4.68 (3.61 - 6.05) 4.96 (3.77 - 6.50) 0.554
LA SPA 8 4.65 (3.50 - 6.15) 4.76 (3.68 - 6.15) 0.815
Region 12R 5.18 (3.93 - 6.82) 5.59 (4.25 - 7.33) 0.409
Regions 13 and 19R 5.11 (4.01 - 6.49) 5.17 (4.15 - 6.42) 0.894
Region 13 (Riverside) 5.16 (4.01 - 6.63) 5.17 (4.10 - 6.51) 0.987
Region 19R (Imperial) 4.42 (3.29 - 5.91) 5.12 (3.82 - 6.84) 0.136
Region 14 (Orange) 4.09 (3.20 - 5.21) 4.29 (3.41 - 5.40) 0.566
Region 15R (Fresno) 5.24 (3.99 - 6.85) 5.29 (4.05 - 6.88) 0.917
Region 16R (San Diego) 5.92 (4.74 - 7.38) 5.32 (4.30 - 6.56) 0.219
Region 17R 5.12 (4.03 - 6.49) 5.13 (3.99 - 6.58) 0.988
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 5.56b (4.41 - 7.01) 4.78 (3.77 - 6.04) 0.097
Region 20R 5.35 (4.11 - 6.92) 5.69 (4.40 - 7.33) 0.499
Region 21R 5.41 (4.14 - 7.03) 5.62 (4.28 - 7.34) 0.689
Colorado 6.31b (5.29 - 7.52) 5.55 (4.70 - 6.56) 0.072
Region 1 6.88 (5.18 - 9.08) 5.93 (4.54 - 7.71) 0.140
Regions 2 and 7 6.57 (5.25 - 8.19) 5.69 (4.63 - 6.98) 0.119
Region 3 5.41 (4.08 - 7.14) 5.17 (3.96 - 6.72) 0.634
Region 4 5.56 (4.03 - 7.64) 4.89 (3.55 - 6.70) 0.227
Regions 5 and 6 5.92 (4.36 - 7.98) 5.24 (3.91 - 6.98) 0.226
Connecticut 3.88 (3.18 - 4.74) 4.13 (3.39 - 5.02) 0.405
Eastern 4.28 (3.18 - 5.74) 4.13 (3.07 - 5.53) 0.729
North Central 3.36 (2.51 - 4.50) 4.01 (3.03 - 5.29) 0.116
Northwestern 4.54 (3.31 - 6.19) 4.36 (3.20 - 5.91) 0.717
South Central 4.09 (3.07 - 5.43) 4.40 (3.35 - 5.77) 0.475
Southwest 3.52 (2.56 - 4.82) 3.78 (2.74 - 5.19) 0.519
Delaware 5.41 (4.50 - 6.49) 5.28 (4.45 - 6.26) 0.764
Kent 5.87 (4.45 - 7.71) 5.26 (4.05 - 6.82) 0.293
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 5.49 (4.38 - 6.86) 5.37 (4.38 - 6.58) 0.826
Sussex 4.93 (3.69 - 6.55) 4.99 (3.80 - 6.53) 0.910
Wilmington City 5.21 (3.74 - 7.22) 5.56 (4.05 - 7.58) 0.592
District of Columbia 3.98 (3.22 - 4.93) 4.50 (3.73 - 5.41) 0.126
Ward 1 4.18a (2.97 - 5.86) 5.26 (3.83 - 7.19) 0.046
Ward 2 5.28 (3.86 - 7.19) 5.39 (4.03 - 7.17) 0.863
Ward 3 4.61 (3.38 - 6.25) 4.54 (3.38 - 6.08) 0.891
Ward 4 3.15 (2.20 - 4.51) 3.79 (2.73 - 5.24) 0.151
Ward 5 3.73 (2.61 - 5.30) 4.25 (3.14 - 5.73) 0.298
Ward 6 3.97 (2.79 - 5.63) 4.75 (3.45 - 6.50) 0.133
Ward 7 3.01 (2.13 - 4.23) 3.68 (2.62 - 5.15) 0.123
Ward 8 3.58 (2.62 - 4.89) 4.13 (3.02 - 5.63) 0.230
Florida 4.22 (3.76 - 4.74) 3.95 (3.50 - 4.45) 0.221
Region A - Northwest 5.28 (4.38 - 6.34) 5.01 (4.19 - 5.97) 0.462
Circuit 1 5.28 (4.07 - 6.81) 4.96 (3.90 - 6.30) 0.537
Circuit 2 5.38 (4.12 - 7.00) 5.11 (3.92 - 6.64) 0.584
Circuit 14 5.13 (3.81 - 6.88) 4.96 (3.71 - 6.60) 0.750
Region B - Northeast 4.91 (4.11 - 5.86) 4.39 (3.68 - 5.23) 0.115
Circuits 3 and 8 5.12 (3.88 - 6.73) 5.15 (3.96 - 6.68) 0.950
Circuit 4 4.95 (3.83 - 6.36) 4.31 (3.34 - 5.53) 0.163
Circuit 7 4.74 (3.61 - 6.21) 4.01 (3.07 - 5.22) 0.114
Region C - Central 4.38 (3.76 - 5.09) 4.06 (3.47 - 4.74) 0.232
Circuit 5 4.36a (3.33 - 5.69) 3.51 (2.62 - 4.70) 0.048
Circuit 9 3.94 (3.09 - 5.01) 4.34 (3.43 - 5.48) 0.291
Circuit 10 4.20 (3.23 - 5.45) 4.14 (3.16 - 5.41) 0.883
Circuit 18 4.87 (3.71 - 6.37) 4.20 (3.24 - 5.43) 0.133
Circuit 19 4.75 (3.52 - 6.39) 4.02 (2.99 - 5.39) 0.143
Region D - Southeast 3.21 (2.60 - 3.96) 3.44 (2.82 - 4.20) 0.401
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 3.55 (2.70 - 4.66) 3.40 (2.59 - 4.46) 0.661
Circuit 17 (Broward) 2.96 (2.26 - 3.86) 3.47 (2.71 - 4.44) 0.123
Region E - Sun Coast 4.65b (3.95 - 5.45) 4.11 (3.44 - 4.89) 0.092
Circuit 6 4.43 (3.41 - 5.74) 4.22 (3.19 - 5.55) 0.652
Circuit 12 5.20a (3.84 - 7.02) 4.18 (3.09 - 5.62) 0.042
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 4.22 (3.28 - 5.40) 3.93 (3.07 - 5.01) 0.490
Circuit 20 4.97b (3.80 - 6.46) 4.12 (3.07 - 5.51) 0.099
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.11 (2.42 - 3.97) 3.07 (2.38 - 3.96) 0.911
Georgia 4.50b (3.77 - 5.37) 3.99 (3.31 - 4.80) 0.087
Region 1 4.77 (3.65 - 6.20) 4.06 (3.11 - 5.28) 0.119
Region 2 4.86 (3.64 - 6.47) 4.48 (3.37 - 5.93) 0.409
Region 3 4.12 (3.14 - 5.40) 3.59 (2.72 - 4.72) 0.186
Region 4 4.62 (3.36 - 6.31) 4.23 (3.12 - 5.71) 0.401
Region 5 4.83 (3.66 - 6.36) 4.42 (3.22 - 6.03) 0.395
Region 6 4.22 (3.15 - 5.63) 3.80 (2.84 - 5.08) 0.317
Hawaii 4.76 (3.82 - 5.91) 4.32 (3.53 - 5.26) 0.320
Hawaii Island 5.50b (3.95 - 7.61) 4.52 (3.34 - 6.09) 0.092
Honolulu 4.62 (3.60 - 5.91) 4.32 (3.45 - 5.41) 0.562
Kauai and Maui 4.71 (3.46 - 6.39) 4.11 (3.12 - 5.40) 0.160
Kauai 4.71 (3.23 - 6.82) 4.07 (2.88 - 5.73) 0.194
Maui 4.72 (3.32 - 6.67) 4.13 (3.00 - 5.65) 0.234
Idaho 5.94 (5.06 - 6.97) 5.70 (4.83 - 6.73) 0.544
Region 1 6.93a (5.20 - 9.18) 5.29 (3.94 - 7.05) 0.017
Region 2 6.25 (4.64 - 8.36) 5.95 (4.43 - 7.94) 0.612
Region 3 5.23 (3.97 - 6.86) 5.24 (3.99 - 6.85) 0.994
Region 4 6.16 (4.86 - 7.77) 6.40 (5.02 - 8.11) 0.716
Region 5 5.14 (3.80 - 6.90) 4.90 (3.66 - 6.53) 0.658
Region 6 5.97 (4.49 - 7.89) 6.36 (4.85 - 8.30) 0.532
Region 7 5.78 (4.44 - 7.48) 5.27 (3.95 - 7.01) 0.360
Illinois 3.94 (3.53 - 4.40) 3.90 (3.49 - 4.35) 0.839
Region I (Cook) 3.84 (3.23 - 4.54) 3.84 (3.24 - 4.54) 0.987
Region II 3.57 (3.01 - 4.23) 3.79 (3.20 - 4.48) 0.465
Region III 4.64b (3.84 - 5.59) 4.01 (3.26 - 4.93) 0.091
Region IV 4.46a (3.53 - 5.61) 3.66 (2.84 - 4.70) 0.045
Region V 4.47 (3.62 - 5.52) 4.56 (3.69 - 5.62) 0.832
Indiana 5.88 (4.99 - 6.92) 5.69 (4.85 - 6.66) 0.594
Central 5.83 (4.50 - 7.52) 5.54 (4.33 - 7.05) 0.610
East 5.95 (4.47 - 7.88) 6.49 (4.92 - 8.51) 0.372
North Central 5.81 (4.44 - 7.58) 5.36 (4.08 - 7.01) 0.432
Northeast 5.41 (4.04 - 7.21) 5.27 (3.96 - 6.98) 0.780
Northwest 5.37 (4.04 - 7.12) 5.77 (4.38 - 7.57) 0.487
Southeast 6.51 (4.89 - 8.62) 5.90 (4.46 - 7.77) 0.343
Southwest 5.32 (3.90 - 7.22) 5.20 (3.89 - 6.92) 0.827
West 6.84 (5.26 - 8.84) 6.26 (4.86 - 8.03) 0.334
Iowa 3.45 (2.83 - 4.20) 3.68 (3.05 - 4.44) 0.400
Central 3.72 (2.77 - 4.98) 3.75 (2.82 - 4.98) 0.938
North Central 3.62 (2.66 - 4.92) 4.07 (2.98 - 5.54) 0.269
Northeast 3.43 (2.60 - 4.51) 3.53 (2.73 - 4.56) 0.768
Northwest 3.27 (2.42 - 4.42) 3.39 (2.49 - 4.60) 0.751
Southeast 3.21b (2.41 - 4.27) 3.94 (3.01 - 5.14) 0.055
Southwest 3.56 (2.58 - 4.91) 3.35 (2.48 - 4.53) 0.582
Kansas 4.70b (3.91 - 5.64) 4.13 (3.43 - 4.96) 0.062
Kansas City Metro 4.91a (3.85 - 6.25) 4.01 (3.13 - 5.13) 0.042
Northeast 4.40 (3.27 - 5.88) 3.89 (2.85 - 5.28) 0.232
South Central 4.81 (3.50 - 6.56) 4.38 (3.23 - 5.91) 0.369
Southeast 4.87 (3.59 - 6.57) 4.35 (3.23 - 5.83) 0.250
West 4.26 (3.15 - 5.74) 4.20 (3.09 - 5.69) 0.896
Wichita (Sedgwick) 4.75 (3.54 - 6.34) 4.31 (3.26 - 5.68) 0.342
Kentucky 5.65a (4.79 - 6.65) 4.44 (3.72 - 5.31) 0.001
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 5.24 (3.97 - 6.87) 4.66 (3.58 - 6.06) 0.229
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 6.27a (4.96 - 7.89) 4.73 (3.65 - 6.10) 0.007
Communicare and River Valley 5.75a (4.24 - 7.74) 4.15 (3.07 - 5.60) 0.003
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 5.52a (4.14 - 7.32) 4.25 (3.16 - 5.71) 0.008
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 5.46a (4.09 - 7.26) 4.25 (3.13 - 5.75) 0.023
Seven Counties 5.25a (3.98 - 6.90) 4.23 (3.23 - 5.52) 0.035
Louisiana 5.48 (4.63 - 6.48) 5.03 (4.30 - 5.87) 0.202
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 4.73 (3.75 - 5.96) --
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 4.59 (3.44 - 6.09) --
Region 10 (Jefferson) 4.90 (3.57 - 6.68) 4.88 (3.64 - 6.51) 0.970
Regions 2 and 9 5.22 (4.08 - 6.67) 5.41 (4.27 - 6.84) 0.723
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 5.08 (3.84 - 6.69) --
Regions 4, 5, and 6 6.05b (4.73 - 7.71) 5.13 (4.04 - 6.49) 0.070
Regions 7 and 8 5.98a (4.61 - 7.73) 4.63 (3.59 - 5.96) 0.013
Maine 4.25 (3.54 - 5.10) 4.22 (3.52 - 5.05) 0.909
Aroostook/Downeast 4.27 (3.16 - 5.75) 3.84 (2.96 - 4.96) 0.299
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 3.75 (2.74 - 5.12) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 3.90 (2.84 - 5.34) --
Central 4.18 (3.13 - 5.56) 4.26 (3.16 - 5.71) 0.865
Cumberland 4.22 (3.23 - 5.49) 4.07 (3.08 - 5.37) 0.753
Midcoast 4.29 (3.15 - 5.83) 3.70 (2.67 - 5.11) 0.168
Penquis 4.45 (3.34 - 5.90) 4.99 (3.82 - 6.48) 0.265
Western 4.51 (3.41 - 5.94) 4.63 (3.52 - 6.08) 0.811
York 3.92 (2.86 - 5.36) 4.00 (2.93 - 5.44) 0.870
Maryland 4.01 (3.26 - 4.93) 3.79 (3.11 - 4.61) 0.446
Anne Arundel 4.13 (2.99 - 5.67) 4.03 (2.91 - 5.56) 0.835
Baltimore City 3.95 (2.79 - 5.57) 4.09 (3.01 - 5.52) 0.789
Baltimore County 4.36 (3.12 - 6.05) 4.01 (2.95 - 5.42) 0.451
Montgomery 3.30 (2.40 - 4.53) 3.41 (2.48 - 4.66) 0.770
North Central 4.07 (2.98 - 5.54) 3.78 (2.75 - 5.17) 0.488
Northeast 4.70b (3.40 - 6.47) 3.88 (2.81 - 5.34) 0.099
Prince George's 3.51 (2.56 - 4.80) 3.27 (2.36 - 4.51) 0.523
South 4.45 (3.23 - 6.09) 4.05 (2.97 - 5.48) 0.375
West 4.38 (3.22 - 5.94) 4.09 (3.02 - 5.52) 0.519
Massachusetts 5.08a (4.29 - 6.00) 4.05 (3.38 - 4.85) 0.001
Boston 5.06 (3.68 - 6.91) 4.89 (3.67 - 6.47) 0.752
Central 5.43a (4.10 - 7.16) 4.27 (3.21 - 5.66) 0.020
Metrowest 4.32 (3.31 - 5.61) 3.75 (2.82 - 4.97) 0.152
Northeast 4.83a (3.69 - 6.30) 3.63 (2.73 - 4.80) 0.004
Southeast 5.45a (4.14 - 7.15) 4.04 (3.08 - 5.29) 0.004
Western 5.85a (4.43 - 7.70) 4.23 (3.14 - 5.67) 0.002
Michigan 5.66a (5.15 - 6.20) 5.14 (4.67 - 5.65) 0.041
Detroit City 3.94 (3.05 - 5.07) 4.59 (3.62 - 5.81) 0.152
Genesee 6.64b (5.16 - 8.50) 5.45 (4.31 - 6.87) 0.060
Kalamazoo 5.72a (4.59 - 7.11) 4.71 (3.73 - 5.95) 0.028
Kent 5.44 (4.26 - 6.92) 5.32 (4.28 - 6.59) 0.823
Lakeshore 6.61b (5.26 - 8.28) 5.65 (4.55 - 7.01) 0.087
Macomb 5.80b (4.68 - 7.17) 4.90 (3.94 - 6.07) 0.063
Mid South 6.32 (5.14 - 7.75) 5.50 (4.46 - 6.76) 0.118
Northern 6.34 (5.11 - 7.85) 5.57 (4.47 - 6.93) 0.147
Oakland 4.83 (3.93 - 5.94) 4.94 (3.99 - 6.09) 0.826
Pathways and Western 5.25 (3.99 - 6.87) 4.75 (3.65 - 6.16) 0.318
Riverhaven 6.21b (4.85 - 7.92) 5.26 (4.10 - 6.73) 0.086
Saginaw 5.72 (4.37 - 7.45) 5.33 (4.10 - 6.92) 0.494
Southeast 5.59 (4.61 - 6.75) 5.15 (4.22 - 6.28) 0.341
St. Clair 5.80 (4.47 - 7.50) 5.33 (4.14 - 6.84) 0.369
Washtenaw 5.58a (4.40 - 7.06) 4.65 (3.62 - 5.94) 0.048
Minnesota 4.43 (3.68 - 5.33) 4.12 (3.43 - 4.94) 0.291
Regions 1 and 2 5.15b (3.79 - 6.97) 4.27 (3.15 - 5.78) 0.076
Regions 3 and 4 4.23 (3.16 - 5.62) 4.07 (3.08 - 5.35) 0.691
Regions 5 and 6 4.33 (3.31 - 5.63) 4.33 (3.30 - 5.68) 0.988
Region 7A (Hennepin) 4.31 (3.21 - 5.75) 4.12 (3.11 - 5.44) 0.671
Region 7B (Ramsey) 4.01 (2.98 - 5.39) 4.43 (3.26 - 5.99) 0.331
Region 7C 4.64a (3.55 - 6.04) 3.77 (2.87 - 4.94) 0.046
Mississippi 4.59 (3.84 - 5.47) 4.78 (4.05 - 5.63) 0.525
Region 1 4.93 (3.79 - 6.39) 5.36 (4.19 - 6.85) 0.407
Region 2 3.90 (2.86 - 5.29) 4.25 (3.15 - 5.73) 0.445
Region 3 4.58 (3.43 - 6.10) 4.76 (3.64 - 6.20) 0.691
Region 4 4.33 (3.31 - 5.65) 4.24 (3.25 - 5.52) 0.826
Region 5 3.80 (2.79 - 5.14) 4.41 (3.25 - 5.97) 0.139
Region 6 5.21 (3.88 - 6.96) 4.91 (3.71 - 6.47) 0.550
Region 7 4.89 (3.68 - 6.47) 5.07 (3.86 - 6.62) 0.731
Missouri 4.69 (3.95 - 5.55) 4.92 (4.19 - 5.76) 0.449
Central 4.65 (3.51 - 6.14) 4.90 (3.72 - 6.43) 0.590
Eastern 4.70 (3.76 - 5.85) 4.73 (3.84 - 5.83) 0.927
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 4.26 (3.25 - 5.56) 4.72 (3.62 - 6.12) 0.324
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 5.48 (4.12 - 7.25) 4.76 (3.62 - 6.25) 0.137
Northwest 4.65 (3.72 - 5.80) 4.93 (3.95 - 6.13) 0.466
Northwest (Jackson) 4.36 (3.29 - 5.76) 4.53 (3.40 - 5.99) 0.709
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 4.90 (3.73 - 6.41) 5.26 (4.02 - 6.86) 0.443
Southeast 4.55 (3.40 - 6.06) 4.97 (3.76 - 6.55) 0.373
Southwest 4.86 (3.70 - 6.36) 5.29 (4.09 - 6.81) 0.394
Montana 5.08 (4.27 - 6.03) 4.60 (3.87 - 5.46) 0.199
Region 1 4.80 (3.54 - 6.48) 4.36 (3.22 - 5.86) 0.351
Region 2 4.59 (3.44 - 6.09) 4.38 (3.25 - 5.89) 0.666
Region 3 4.30 (3.23 - 5.71) 4.15 (3.19 - 5.37) 0.727
Region 4 5.34 (4.23 - 6.72) 5.25 (4.09 - 6.73) 0.867
Region 5 5.65a (4.41 - 7.22) 4.52 (3.53 - 5.76) 0.035
Nebraska 3.72 (3.06 - 4.51) 3.86 (3.18 - 4.69) 0.617
Regions 1 and 2 3.60 (2.73 - 4.74) 3.75 (2.84 - 4.94) 0.656
Region 1 3.59 (2.57 - 5.00) 4.03 (2.85 - 5.67) 0.311
Region 2 3.62 (2.59 - 5.03) 3.51 (2.52 - 4.85) 0.779
Region 3 3.70 (2.72 - 5.00) 3.66 (2.70 - 4.94) 0.934
Region 4 3.48 (2.53 - 4.76) 3.33 (2.39 - 4.64) 0.706
Region 5 3.92 (3.01 - 5.10) 4.33 (3.32 - 5.63) 0.344
Region 6 3.69 (2.84 - 4.78) 3.82 (2.95 - 4.92) 0.752
Nevada1 6.31 (5.22 - 7.62) 5.92 (4.87 - 7.17) 0.417
Clark - Region 1 6.45 (5.21 - 7.96) 5.92 (4.73 - 7.39) 0.369
Region 3 5.81 (4.21 - 7.96) 5.31 (4.03 - 6.97) 0.372
Capital District -- (-- - --) 5.14 (3.68 - 7.14) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 5.47 (3.95 - 7.52) --
Washoe - Region 2 6.13 (4.53 - 8.24) 6.37 (4.88 - 8.28) 0.718
New Hampshire 5.42a (4.56 - 6.45) 4.41 (3.72 - 5.23) 0.004
Central 5.71a (4.55 - 7.15) 4.37 (3.49 - 5.47) 0.002
Central 1 6.25a (4.74 - 8.21) 4.72 (3.62 - 6.14) 0.006
Central 2 5.20a (3.91 - 6.88) 4.03 (2.98 - 5.44) 0.018
Northern 5.49a (4.10 - 7.32) 4.30 (3.21 - 5.73) 0.018
Southern 5.27a (4.30 - 6.44) 4.46 (3.66 - 5.41) 0.043
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 5.04a (3.83 - 6.62) 3.94 (3.03 - 5.12) 0.014
Southern 2 5.41 (4.27 - 6.83) 4.77 (3.79 - 6.01) 0.201
New Jersey 3.85b (3.15 - 4.69) 4.37 (3.63 - 5.25) 0.098
Central 4.16 (3.14 - 5.49) 4.13 (3.12 - 5.45) 0.953
Metropolitan 3.81 (2.83 - 5.12) 4.06 (3.06 - 5.35) 0.568
Northern 3.42a (2.58 - 4.53) 4.55 (3.48 - 5.93) 0.011
Southern 4.16 (3.16 - 5.47) 4.70 (3.60 - 6.13) 0.234
New Mexico 5.76 (4.81 - 6.89) 5.60 (4.70 - 6.66) 0.721
Region 1 5.25 (4.02 - 6.82) 5.23 (4.05 - 6.74) 0.983
Region 2 5.38 (3.99 - 7.23) 4.88 (3.58 - 6.62) 0.387
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 6.41 (4.96 - 8.24) 6.50 (5.14 - 8.19) 0.894
Region 4 5.60 (4.15 - 7.51) 5.05 (3.81 - 6.66) 0.337
Region 5 5.65 (4.28 - 7.43) 5.39 (4.09 - 7.07) 0.654
New York 4.43 (3.97 - 4.94) 4.17 (3.72 - 4.68) 0.259
Region A 3.92 (3.35 - 4.59) 4.02 (3.45 - 4.68) 0.721
Region 1 4.08 (3.07 - 5.39) 4.10 (3.14 - 5.34) 0.958
Region 2 3.57 (2.86 - 4.46) 3.77 (2.98 - 4.74) 0.585
Region 3 4.85 (3.63 - 6.46) 4.72 (3.61 - 6.14) 0.796
Region 4 3.59 (2.76 - 4.65) 3.78 (2.92 - 4.87) 0.609
Region B 4.40b (3.77 - 5.12) 3.90 (3.31 - 4.58) 0.080
Region 5 4.29 (3.48 - 5.27) 3.76 (3.01 - 4.70) 0.163
Region 6 4.06 (3.15 - 5.22) 3.58 (2.70 - 4.74) 0.217
Region 7 5.27 (4.16 - 6.66) 4.83 (3.81 - 6.11) 0.358
Region C 5.08 (4.46 - 5.79) 4.61 (3.99 - 5.31) 0.111
Region 8 5.09 (4.03 - 6.42) 4.49 (3.54 - 5.68) 0.174
Region 9 5.09 (4.01 - 6.45) 4.77 (3.76 - 6.03) 0.482
Region 10 5.87b (4.56 - 7.53) 4.91 (3.77 - 6.37) 0.068
Region 11 5.14b (4.06 - 6.47) 4.36 (3.42 - 5.54) 0.090
Region 12 4.71 (3.76 - 5.89) 4.70 (3.64 - 6.03) 0.974
Region D 5.22a (4.43 - 6.15) 4.58 (3.85 - 5.44) 0.050
Region 13 5.35a (4.10 - 6.97) 4.25 (3.27 - 5.51) 0.017
Region 14 5.28 (4.14 - 6.72) 4.90 (3.73 - 6.41) 0.431
Region 15 5.04 (3.93 - 6.45) 4.55 (3.52 - 5.87) 0.285
North Carolina1 4.73 (3.95 - 5.65) 4.30 (3.60 - 5.13) 0.153
Alliance 3.93 (2.97 - 5.19) 3.84 (2.91 - 5.06) 0.821
Cardinal Innovations 4.99 (3.72 - 6.67) 4.24 (3.20 - 5.59) 0.118
CenterPoint/Guilford 4.69 (3.60 - 6.08) 4.38 (3.40 - 5.63) 0.454
CenterPoint 4.80 (3.48 - 6.58) 4.45 (3.24 - 6.10) 0.488
Guilford 4.56 (3.28 - 6.31) 4.30 (3.14 - 5.85) 0.572
CoastalCare 5.65 (4.19 - 7.59) 4.90 (3.60 - 6.62) 0.150
Eastpointe 4.84 (3.51 - 6.64) 4.23 (3.08 - 5.76) 0.224
ECBH 5.21b (3.77 - 7.16) 4.27 (3.12 - 5.81) 0.066
MeckLINK 4.03 (2.96 - 5.47) 4.13 (3.03 - 5.61) 0.822
Partners 5.22 (3.88 - 6.99) 4.82 (3.54 - 6.53) 0.483
Sandhills 4.80 (3.51 - 6.55) 4.43 (3.24 - 6.03) 0.441
Smoky Mountain 4.91 (3.56 - 6.72) 4.32 (3.16 - 5.88) 0.226
Western Highlands 4.77 (3.44 - 6.58) 4.41 (3.23 - 6.01) 0.490
North Dakota 3.88 (3.21 - 4.68) 3.60 (2.97 - 4.37) 0.357
Badlands and West Central 3.72 (2.82 - 4.90) 3.25 (2.44 - 4.32) 0.208
Lake Region and South Central 3.57 (2.60 - 4.89) 3.19 (2.29 - 4.41) 0.337
North Central and Northwest 3.44 (2.57 - 4.60) 3.66 (2.73 - 4.88) 0.579
Northeast 4.55 (3.45 - 5.98) 4.12 (3.09 - 5.46) 0.341
Southeast 4.12 (3.20 - 5.29) 3.88 (2.98 - 5.05) 0.577
Ohio 5.45 (4.96 - 5.98) 5.22 (4.74 - 5.73) 0.361
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 4.96 (3.94 - 6.23) 5.22 (4.06 - 6.69) 0.592
Boards 3, 52, and 85 5.18 (4.02 - 6.65) 4.91 (3.79 - 6.33) 0.555
Boards 4 and 78 5.12 (3.89 - 6.72) 5.40 (4.12 - 7.05) 0.597
Boards 5 and 60 5.85 (4.62 - 7.40) 6.32 (5.01 - 7.95) 0.388
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 4.89 (3.76 - 6.33) 4.69 (3.66 - 5.98) 0.682
Boards 8, 13, and 83 5.49 (4.27 - 7.03) 4.84 (3.80 - 6.15) 0.183
Board 9 (Butler) 6.16 (4.79 - 7.91) 5.33 (4.13 - 6.85) 0.109
Board 12 5.72 (4.47 - 7.29) 5.47 (4.25 - 7.01) 0.637
Boards 18 and 47 4.88 (4.02 - 5.91) 5.05 (4.19 - 6.08) 0.678
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 5.19a (4.01 - 6.70) 4.23 (3.19 - 5.58) 0.038
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 5.38 (4.20 - 6.87) 4.99 (3.92 - 6.34) 0.436
Boards 22, 74, and 87 5.73 (4.48 - 7.30) 5.13 (4.01 - 6.53) 0.214
Boards 23 and 45 5.55 (4.26 - 7.20) 5.04 (3.89 - 6.52) 0.314
Board 25 (Franklin) 6.33 (5.17 - 7.73) 6.12 (5.00 - 7.47) 0.703
Boards 27, 71, and 73 5.86 (4.56 - 7.50) 5.05 (3.94 - 6.46) 0.112
Boards 28, 43, and 67 5.29 (4.21 - 6.63) 5.11 (4.05 - 6.41) 0.706
Board 31 (Hamilton) 5.23 (4.09 - 6.66) 4.74 (3.73 - 6.01) 0.287
Board 48 (Lucas) 5.55 (4.32 - 7.11) 5.77 (4.52 - 7.34) 0.685
Boards 50 and 76 5.89b (4.59 - 7.54) 4.93 (3.89 - 6.23) 0.064
Board 57 (Montgomery) 5.62 (4.38 - 7.17) 5.37 (4.22 - 6.80) 0.626
Board 77 (Summit) 5.05 (3.96 - 6.40) 5.44 (4.32 - 6.84) 0.451
Oklahoma 7.26a (6.12 - 8.60) 5.15 (4.37 - 6.07) 0.000
Central 8.11a   (6.21 - 10.52) 5.46 (4.11 - 7.21) 0.000
East Central 7.16a (5.35 - 9.51) 5.02 (3.73 - 6.74) 0.001
Northeast 6.89a (5.17 - 9.11) 4.91 (3.76 - 6.40) 0.001
Northwest and Southwest 7.40a (5.56 - 9.81) 5.61 (4.22 - 7.43) 0.012
Oklahoma County 6.53a (4.92 - 8.61) 5.21 (4.03 - 6.72) 0.033
Southeast 7.42a (5.59 - 9.79) 4.71 (3.57 - 6.19) 0.000
Tulsa County 7.63a   (5.75 - 10.05) 5.10 (3.85 - 6.74) 0.000
Oregon 6.89b (5.84 - 8.12) 6.14 (5.21 - 7.23) 0.099
Region 1 (Multnomah) 7.52 (5.63 - 9.98) 7.11 (5.47 - 9.18) 0.591
Region 2 6.44 (4.94 - 8.36) 5.86 (4.50 - 7.60) 0.346
Region 3 7.23b (5.85 - 8.91) 6.19 (4.97 - 7.69) 0.095
Region 4 6.47 (4.82 - 8.64) 5.52 (4.18 - 7.26) 0.137
Region 5 (Central) 6.68 (4.88 - 9.08) 5.80 (4.24 - 7.87) 0.201
Region 6 (Eastern) 6.19 (4.55 - 8.37) 5.70 (4.13 - 7.81) 0.416
Pennsylvania 4.36 (3.89 - 4.87) 4.05 (3.63 - 4.53) 0.183
Region 1 (Allegheny) 4.46 (3.60 - 5.53) 4.79 (3.80 - 6.02) 0.494
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 4.37 (3.38 - 5.64) 3.79 (2.94 - 4.87) 0.127
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 4.17 (3.23 - 5.36) 3.69 (2.89 - 4.71) 0.215
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 4.44 (3.35 - 5.85) 3.94 (3.05 - 5.06) 0.219
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 4.91a (3.88 - 6.20) 3.63 (2.82 - 4.68) 0.001
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 4.66a (3.82 - 5.69) 3.77 (3.08 - 4.61) 0.015
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 4.57a (3.55 - 5.87) 3.76 (2.92 - 4.85) 0.035
Regions 17 and 21 4.34 (3.30 - 5.68) 4.31 (3.33 - 5.56) 0.945
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 4.00 (3.11 - 5.14) 3.65 (2.89 - 4.61) 0.350
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 4.40 (3.40 - 5.70) 4.16 (3.27 - 5.27) 0.577
Regions 29 and 34 3.99 (3.02 - 5.26) 3.96 (3.05 - 5.13) 0.942
Regions 30 and 50 4.18 (3.25 - 5.37) 3.88 (3.02 - 4.97) 0.409
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 4.01a (3.19 - 5.03) 4.99 (3.97 - 6.24) 0.027
Rhode Island 5.83a (4.84 - 7.00) 5.00 (4.17 - 5.98) 0.037
Bristol and Newport 5.62b (4.15 - 7.56) 4.65 (3.44 - 6.27) 0.065
Kent 5.87 (4.32 - 7.92) 5.33 (4.01 - 7.06) 0.390
Providence 5.72b (4.59 - 7.10) 4.84 (3.89 - 6.01) 0.067
Washington 6.49 (4.85 - 8.64) 5.68 (4.28 - 7.50) 0.208
South Carolina 4.66 (3.88 - 5.58) 4.91 (4.13 - 5.83) 0.460
Region 1 4.51 (3.43 - 5.90) 4.59 (3.54 - 5.95) 0.855
Region 2 4.61 (3.58 - 5.92) 4.87 (3.81 - 6.21) 0.579
Region 3 4.83 (3.56 - 6.51) 4.92 (3.72 - 6.48) 0.870
Region 4 4.75 (3.61 - 6.23) 5.27 (4.05 - 6.82) 0.326
South Dakota 3.66 (2.99 - 4.46) 3.48 (2.87 - 4.23) 0.550
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 3.50 (2.61 - 4.68) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 3.39 (2.42 - 4.75) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 3.26 (2.44 - 4.35) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 3.44 (2.52 - 4.69) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 3.71 (2.83 - 4.85) --
Tennessee 4.71 (3.93 - 5.64) 4.93 (4.16 - 5.84) 0.524
Region 1 5.18 (3.84 - 6.97) 4.71 (3.51 - 6.29) 0.368
Region 2 4.48 (3.35 - 5.98) 4.58 (3.45 - 6.05) 0.852
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 4.77 (3.61 - 6.26) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 4.45 (3.29 - 5.98) 5.15 (3.85 - 6.85) 0.165
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 5.53 (4.33 - 7.04) --
Region 6 5.14 (3.80 - 6.92) 4.64 (3.44 - 6.24) 0.345
Region 7 (Shelby) 4.01 (2.95 - 5.44) 4.73 (3.55 - 6.28) 0.137
Texas 4.46 (4.02 - 4.95) 4.45 (4.01 - 4.93) 0.967
Region 1 5.12 (4.00 - 6.53) 4.90 (3.81 - 6.26) 0.634
Region 2 4.67 (3.57 - 6.09) 4.47 (3.39 - 5.87) 0.624
Region 3 4.60 (3.91 - 5.40) 4.59 (3.93 - 5.35) 0.968
Region 3a 4.54 (3.69 - 5.56) 4.63 (3.79 - 5.65) 0.820
Region 3bc 4.71 (3.82 - 5.80) 4.51 (3.66 - 5.55) 0.616
Region 4 4.50 (3.47 - 5.82) 4.21 (3.23 - 5.48) 0.502
Region 5 4.47 (3.41 - 5.83) 4.37 (3.35 - 5.68) 0.826
Region 6 3.99 (3.33 - 4.77) 4.02 (3.36 - 4.81) 0.922
Region 6a 3.92 (3.22 - 4.77) 3.98 (3.26 - 4.84) 0.883
Region 6bc 4.53 (3.43 - 5.96) 4.41 (3.37 - 5.77) 0.786
Region 7 5.34 (4.45 - 6.39) 5.09 (4.27 - 6.06) 0.531
Region 7a 5.43 (4.29 - 6.85) 5.23 (4.16 - 6.54) 0.701
Region 7bcd 5.18 (4.09 - 6.54) 4.85 (3.81 - 6.17) 0.440
Region 8 4.61 (3.67 - 5.79) 4.53 (3.65 - 5.61) 0.835
Region 9 5.06 (3.87 - 6.60) 4.53 (3.43 - 5.97) 0.219
Region 10 4.17 (3.13 - 5.53) 4.45 (3.46 - 5.70) 0.535
Region 11 3.50a (2.81 - 4.36) 4.16 (3.39 - 5.10) 0.047
Region 11abd 3.51a (2.66 - 4.61) 4.31 (3.37 - 5.50) 0.041
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 3.49 (2.65 - 4.60) 3.90 (2.93 - 5.17) 0.284
Utah 4.71b (3.98 - 5.56) 4.11 (3.42 - 4.92) 0.060
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 4.67b (3.51 - 6.19) 3.93 (2.96 - 5.20) 0.099
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 4.20 (3.12 - 5.64) 3.88 (2.82 - 5.31) 0.450
Davis County 4.59 (3.45 - 6.07) 4.05 (3.00 - 5.46) 0.261
Salt Lake County 4.81 (3.79 - 6.10) 4.12 (3.22 - 5.25) 0.123
Utah County 5.21b (4.08 - 6.64) 4.36 (3.29 - 5.77) 0.090
Weber, Morgan 4.15 (3.05 - 5.62) 4.13 (3.02 - 5.62) 0.970
Vermont 4.69 (3.92 - 5.61) 4.73 (4.00 - 5.58) 0.922
Champlain Valley 4.82 (3.87 - 6.00) 5.21 (4.20 - 6.44) 0.398
Rural Northeast 4.73 (3.63 - 6.14) 4.69 (3.61 - 6.07) 0.928
Rural Southeast 4.57 (3.39 - 6.13) 4.31 (3.29 - 5.63) 0.587
Rural Southwest 4.48 (3.31 - 6.05) 4.11 (3.11 - 5.43) 0.389
Virginia 4.76 (3.97 - 5.69) 4.58 (3.85 - 5.44) 0.565
Region 1 5.02 (3.81 - 6.59) 5.03 (3.89 - 6.49) 0.981
Region 2 4.14 (3.11 - 5.49) 3.80 (2.87 - 5.01) 0.418
Region 3 5.15 (3.93 - 6.74) 4.67 (3.58 - 6.07) 0.309
Region 4 4.99 (3.77 - 6.59) 5.24 (3.93 - 6.96) 0.633
Region 5 4.82 (3.67 - 6.30) 4.64 (3.56 - 6.04) 0.700
Washington 6.27b (5.28 - 7.41) 5.55 (4.70 - 6.54) 0.078
Region 1 6.41a (5.08 - 8.05) 5.32 (4.22 - 6.70) 0.022
East 1 (previously Region 1) 6.71b (5.07 - 8.83) 5.50 (4.13 - 7.30) 0.054
East 2 (previously Region 2) 5.99b (4.39 - 8.12) 5.08 (3.80 - 6.77) 0.090
Region 2 5.66 (4.56 - 7.01) 5.34 (4.37 - 6.52) 0.498
North 1 (previously Region 3) 6.17 (4.62 - 8.21) 5.62 (4.29 - 7.33) 0.382
North 2 (previously Region 4) 5.36 (4.15 - 6.90) 5.18 (4.03 - 6.65) 0.742
Region 3 7.01b (5.65 - 8.66) 5.98 (4.83 - 7.38) 0.058
West 1 (previously Region 5) 7.56a (5.76 - 9.85) 6.00 (4.65 - 7.72) 0.026
West 2 (previously Region 6) 6.50 (4.93 - 8.52) 5.97 (4.55 - 7.80) 0.408
West Virginia 5.68a (4.80 - 6.71) 4.56 (3.87 - 5.37) 0.001
Region I 5.63 (4.15 - 7.58) 4.74 (3.51 - 6.39) 0.109
Region II 5.59a (4.13 - 7.52) 4.50 (3.41 - 5.90) 0.043
Region III 5.00a (3.72 - 6.69) 4.09 (3.03 - 5.51) 0.047
Region IV 5.90 (4.58 - 7.57) 5.39 (4.29 - 6.75) 0.329
Region V 6.26a (4.91 - 7.96) 4.33 (3.40 - 5.50) 0.000
Region VI 4.97b (3.75 - 6.57) 4.13 (3.07 - 5.54) 0.085
Wisconsin 4.83 (4.02 - 5.78) 4.74 (3.94 - 5.68) 0.797
Milwaukee 4.70 (3.47 - 6.34) 5.66 (4.21 - 7.56) 0.121
Northeastern 4.68 (3.61 - 6.06) 4.16 (3.13 - 5.51) 0.290
Northern 4.41 (3.23 - 6.00) 4.43 (3.25 - 6.02) 0.960
Southeastern 4.88 (3.77 - 6.30) 5.13 (3.85 - 6.80) 0.638
Southern 4.95 (3.71 - 6.57) 4.37 (3.27 - 5.81) 0.258
Western 5.21 (3.98 - 6.79) 4.67 (3.53 - 6.16) 0.286
Wyoming 4.20 (3.50 - 5.02) 4.36 (3.66 - 5.18) 0.602
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 4.09 (3.04 - 5.47) 4.17 (3.20 - 5.43) 0.839
Judicial District 2 5.06 (3.84 - 6.64) 5.50 (4.16 - 7.24) 0.415
Judicial District 3 4.16 (3.17 - 5.44) 4.05 (3.07 - 5.32) 0.790
Judicial District 4 3.88 (2.81 - 5.34) 3.77 (2.75 - 5.16) 0.809
Judicial District 5 3.80 (2.81 - 5.12) 3.94 (2.85 - 5.41) 0.741
Judicial District 6 4.14 (3.10 - 5.50) 4.23 (3.16 - 5.65) 0.824
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 4.74 (3.56 - 6.30) 4.85 (3.64 - 6.43) 0.843
Judicial District 8 3.67 (2.65 - 5.08) 4.23 (3.09 - 5.76) 0.212
Judicial District 9 4.01 (2.92 - 5.47) 4.35 (3.19 - 5.91) 0.486
140403
Table 8 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 51.65 (51.18 - 52.12) 51.78 (51.32 - 52.24) 0.618
Northeast 56.68 (55.65 - 57.72) 57.31 (56.47 - 58.14) 0.233
Midwest 54.43 (53.55 - 55.31) 54.51 (53.84 - 55.17) 0.862
South 47.59 (46.73 - 48.45) 48.00 (47.36 - 48.63) 0.326
West 51.42 (50.35 - 52.48) 50.94 (50.07 - 51.81) 0.375
Alabama 42.67 (39.98 - 45.41) 42.76 (40.16 - 45.40) 0.946
Region 1 39.92 (35.58 - 44.42) 38.98 (34.67 - 43.47) 0.659
Region 2 45.21 (41.06 - 49.43) 48.04 (43.83 - 52.27) 0.169
Region 3 43.42a (38.57 - 48.39) 38.87 (34.44 - 43.49) 0.031
Region 4 41.85 (37.25 - 46.59) 43.01 (38.57 - 47.58) 0.581
Alaska 53.72 (50.88 - 56.52) 52.68 (49.90 - 55.45) 0.456
Anchorage 56.84 (53.04 - 60.56) 57.75 (54.13 - 61.29) 0.622
Northern 44.02 (39.55 - 48.58) 44.73 (39.93 - 49.63) 0.731
South Central 56.53a (51.33 - 61.59) 51.67 (46.52 - 56.78) 0.034
Southeast 53.86 (48.04 - 59.58) 52.25 (46.63 - 57.81) 0.502
Arizona 49.38 (46.37 - 52.39) 49.92 (47.07 - 52.76) 0.714
Maricopa 49.66 (46.05 - 53.27) 52.39 (48.90 - 55.86) 0.142
Pima 53.09 (47.37 - 58.74) 52.31 (46.85 - 57.73) 0.741
Rural North 50.79a (44.93 - 56.63) 45.11 (39.59 - 50.75) 0.017
Rural South 42.22 (36.22 - 48.46) 40.37 (34.48 - 46.55) 0.440
Arkansas 41.89b (39.21 - 44.62) 39.61 (36.94 - 42.35) 0.090
Catchment Area 1 47.31 (42.07 - 52.60) 44.11 (38.96 - 49.38) 0.145
Catchment Area 2 38.12 (32.69 - 43.85) 36.89 (31.30 - 42.86) 0.634
Catchment Area 3 39.56a (34.54 - 44.81) 34.85 (29.82 - 40.23) 0.035
Catchment Area 4 37.09 (31.50 - 43.05) 38.06 (32.44 - 44.01) 0.681
Catchment Area 5 43.53 (38.71 - 48.48) 41.53 (36.20 - 47.07) 0.401
Catchment Area 6 36.41 (30.73 - 42.50) 34.35 (28.76 - 40.41) 0.378
Catchment Area 7 37.24 (31.56 - 43.29) 35.53 (29.88 - 41.61) 0.472
Catchment Area 8 46.80 (41.81 - 51.85) 43.82 (39.14 - 48.61) 0.167
California 50.20 (48.69 - 51.71) 49.67 (48.29 - 51.06) 0.505
Region 1R 55.97 (50.44 - 61.35) 57.28 (51.69 - 62.68) 0.561
Region 2R 54.71 (49.54 - 59.78) 57.11 (51.68 - 62.37) 0.265
Region 3R (Sacramento) 49.94 (44.85 - 55.02) 46.80 (41.86 - 51.80) 0.140
Region 4R 57.45 (52.48 - 62.28) 57.09 (52.13 - 61.91) 0.857
Region 5R (San Francisco) 61.21 (55.48 - 66.64) 61.06 (55.37 - 66.46) 0.947
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 51.86 (47.25 - 56.45) 50.59 (45.49 - 55.68) 0.562
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 55.39 (50.10 - 60.55) 55.81 (50.51 - 60.97) 0.842
Region 8R (Alameda) 53.34 (48.39 - 58.21) 53.88 (49.04 - 58.64) 0.790
Region 9R (San Mateo) 57.83 (52.32 - 63.16) 54.99 (48.77 - 61.06) 0.235
Region 10 54.33 (49.26 - 59.31) 53.88 (48.80 - 58.88) 0.834
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 46.88 (44.68 - 49.09) 46.60 (44.45 - 48.77) 0.797
LA SPA 1 and 5 56.09 (50.41 - 61.62) 53.32 (47.63 - 58.92) 0.205
LA SPA 2 48.74 (44.12 - 53.38) 49.20 (44.49 - 53.91) 0.829
LA SPA 3 44.97a (40.53 - 49.49) 39.78 (35.17 - 44.58) 0.013
LA SPA 4 47.08 (42.17 - 52.04) 49.32 (44.05 - 54.60) 0.307
LA SPA 6 37.45 (32.51 - 42.67) 40.61 (35.50 - 45.93) 0.152
LA SPA 7 43.24 (38.52 - 48.09) 44.26 (39.27 - 49.37) 0.629
LA SPA 8 49.10 (44.15 - 54.07) 49.79 (45.02 - 54.58) 0.753
Region 12R 50.35 (44.56 - 56.13) 50.14 (44.32 - 55.95) 0.923
Regions 13 and 19R 45.80 (41.72 - 49.93) 47.77 (43.83 - 51.74) 0.270
Region 13 (Riverside) 46.29 (41.93 - 50.71) 48.48 (44.28 - 52.71) 0.250
Region 19R (Imperial) 39.40 (34.18 - 44.88) 38.73 (32.87 - 44.93) 0.750
Region 14 (Orange) 52.83a (49.21 - 56.41) 48.80 (45.06 - 52.55) 0.021
Region 15R (Fresno) 42.61 (37.54 - 47.85) 44.20 (38.88 - 49.67) 0.424
Region 16R (San Diego) 54.34 (50.74 - 57.90) 51.45 (47.75 - 55.13) 0.111
Region 17R 45.20 (40.79 - 49.69) 45.03 (40.51 - 49.64) 0.929
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 45.42 (41.36 - 49.54) 44.28 (40.17 - 48.47) 0.537
Region 20R 43.90 (38.61 - 49.34) 46.66 (41.22 - 52.19) 0.210
Region 21R 50.24 (44.81 - 55.66) 51.59 (46.39 - 56.76) 0.521
Colorado 62.54a (59.86 - 65.14) 59.80 (57.21 - 62.35) 0.041
Region 1 62.13 (56.67 - 67.30) 59.59 (54.43 - 64.55) 0.228
Regions 2 and 7 65.57a (62.22 - 68.77) 61.59 (58.26 - 64.82) 0.021
Region 3 59.09 (54.05 - 63.95) 59.50 (54.64 - 64.18) 0.852
Region 4 46.94 (40.44 - 53.54) 46.57 (40.08 - 53.17) 0.878
Regions 5 and 6 60.32 (54.44 - 65.92) 57.95 (51.89 - 63.78) 0.339
Connecticut 59.54 (56.81 - 62.21) 60.95 (58.26 - 63.58) 0.304
Eastern 56.42 (50.54 - 62.12) 59.23 (54.17 - 64.10) 0.218
North Central 59.17 (54.95 - 63.25) 58.67 (54.11 - 63.08) 0.808
Northwestern 59.80 (54.96 - 64.45) 61.08 (55.85 - 66.06) 0.563
South Central 61.17 (56.60 - 65.56) 63.66 (58.91 - 68.15) 0.237
Southwest 59.85 (54.76 - 64.74) 61.97 (57.05 - 66.66) 0.339
Delaware 56.54b (53.61 - 59.43) 53.70 (51.00 - 56.39) 0.053
Kent 53.26 (47.77 - 58.67) 52.26 (47.17 - 57.31) 0.672
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 60.03a (56.34 - 63.60) 54.94 (51.37 - 58.47) 0.007
Sussex 54.52 (49.44 - 59.51) 53.95 (49.09 - 58.73) 0.805
Wilmington City 47.60 (41.75 - 53.51) 48.36 (42.44 - 54.32) 0.757
District of Columbia 62.40 (59.62 - 65.10) 64.08 (61.51 - 66.56) 0.225
Ward 1 64.57a (59.20 - 69.60) 71.49 (66.28 - 76.18) 0.001
Ward 2 77.90 (72.97 - 82.15) 80.21 (75.87 - 83.94) 0.178
Ward 3 79.00 (74.64 - 82.79) 76.48 (71.87 - 80.55) 0.145
Ward 4 57.58 (51.54 - 63.40) 59.38 (53.55 - 64.95) 0.491
Ward 5 54.84 (48.87 - 60.69) 55.83 (50.53 - 60.99) 0.695
Ward 6 64.29a (59.05 - 69.21) 69.73 (64.34 - 74.63) 0.013
Ward 7 47.79 (42.57 - 53.06) 47.21 (41.60 - 52.90) 0.819
Ward 8 46.06 (40.58 - 51.63) 46.57 (41.50 - 51.71) 0.823
Florida 51.01 (49.50 - 52.52) 51.22 (49.79 - 52.64) 0.794
Region A - Northwest 50.42 (47.01 - 53.82) 52.26 (49.15 - 55.36) 0.229
Circuit 1 50.14 (45.12 - 55.16) 50.78 (46.33 - 55.23) 0.771
Circuit 2 54.26a (48.84 - 59.59) 59.37 (54.36 - 64.19) 0.017
Circuit 14 46.06 (40.20 - 52.03) 46.30 (40.24 - 52.47) 0.917
Region B - Northeast 51.96 (48.91 - 54.98) 50.15 (47.29 - 53.02) 0.197
Circuits 3 and 8 47.02 (42.23 - 51.87) 49.78 (44.94 - 54.61) 0.182
Circuit 4 54.73a (50.23 - 59.16) 47.70 (43.10 - 52.34) 0.001
Circuit 7 51.61 (46.54 - 56.65) 53.51 (48.63 - 58.32) 0.401
Region C - Central 50.16 (47.94 - 52.39) 51.43 (49.10 - 53.76) 0.238
Circuit 5 48.21 (43.76 - 52.69) 49.18 (43.80 - 54.58) 0.668
Circuit 9 52.10 (48.12 - 56.05) 53.01 (49.19 - 56.78) 0.620
Circuit 10 42.57 (37.74 - 47.54) 42.20 (37.50 - 47.05) 0.865
Circuit 18 54.51 (49.92 - 59.02) 55.35 (50.68 - 59.94) 0.684
Circuit 19 51.11a (45.52 - 56.67) 56.41 (50.85 - 61.81) 0.020
Region D - Southeast 53.25a (50.32 - 56.17) 50.26 (47.17 - 53.35) 0.043
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 54.75b (50.25 - 59.18) 51.26 (46.76 - 55.74) 0.090
Circuit 17 (Broward) 52.14 (48.55 - 55.70) 49.49 (45.61 - 53.37) 0.147
Region E - Sun Coast 53.87b (51.31 - 56.42) 56.01 (53.60 - 58.39) 0.074
Circuit 6 52.64b (48.23 - 57.01) 56.64 (51.97 - 61.19) 0.062
Circuit 12 56.12 (50.55 - 61.53) 59.84 (54.71 - 64.76) 0.102
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 51.29 (47.50 - 55.07) 51.20 (47.16 - 55.22) 0.961
Circuit 20 56.43 (51.71 - 61.04) 57.77 (53.08 - 62.32) 0.524
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 43.96 (40.56 - 47.42) 43.97 (40.81 - 47.17) 0.998
Georgia 47.79 (45.12 - 50.47) 46.50 (43.94 - 49.08) 0.330
Region 1 48.45 (44.03 - 52.90) 47.94 (43.45 - 52.46) 0.809
Region 2 45.35 (39.87 - 50.95) 44.51 (39.60 - 49.53) 0.715
Region 3 52.67 (48.39 - 56.91) 50.63 (46.50 - 54.76) 0.325
Region 4 43.11b (37.10 - 49.33) 39.19 (33.57 - 45.11) 0.093
Region 5 43.23 (37.62 - 49.02) 41.89 (35.72 - 48.31) 0.558
Region 6 43.57 (38.25 - 49.04) 43.96 (38.72 - 49.34) 0.862
Hawaii 47.89 (45.08 - 50.71) 49.04 (46.23 - 51.85) 0.445
Hawaii Island 51.88 (46.26 - 57.46) 54.60 (48.97 - 60.10) 0.272
Honolulu 46.74 (43.57 - 49.93) 47.23 (43.96 - 50.51) 0.778
Kauai and Maui 49.55 (44.46 - 54.64) 52.19 (47.09 - 57.24) 0.202
Kauai 48.73 (41.61 - 55.90) 51.99 (44.84 - 59.05) 0.204
Maui 49.91 (44.05 - 55.77) 52.28 (46.19 - 58.30) 0.329
Idaho 46.52a (43.84 - 49.23) 49.19 (46.52 - 51.88) 0.049
Region 1 54.51 (48.83 - 60.07) 56.03 (49.99 - 61.90) 0.542
Region 2 51.12b (44.70 - 57.51) 55.10 (48.99 - 61.06) 0.096
Region 3 40.20 (35.31 - 45.29) 43.05 (37.78 - 48.48) 0.244
Region 4 54.31 (50.03 - 58.53) 56.37 (51.93 - 60.71) 0.321
Region 5 42.94b (37.38 - 48.69) 47.36 (42.18 - 52.59) 0.069
Region 6 40.20b (34.93 - 45.72) 44.76 (39.05 - 50.61) 0.053
Region 7 33.52 (28.62 - 38.80) 35.27 (29.99 - 40.93) 0.465
Illinois 54.26 (52.76 - 55.74) 54.89 (53.51 - 56.26) 0.428
Region I (Cook) 54.78 (52.37 - 57.17) 55.90 (53.73 - 58.05) 0.366
Region II 57.17 (54.83 - 59.48) 57.10 (54.86 - 59.32) 0.955
Region III 52.14 (49.00 - 55.25) 53.27 (49.94 - 56.57) 0.488
Region IV 49.20 (45.24 - 53.18) 49.34 (45.28 - 53.42) 0.942
Region V 48.40 (44.91 - 51.91) 49.30 (45.47 - 53.13) 0.639
Indiana 48.16a (45.46 - 50.87) 51.19 (48.44 - 53.93) 0.023
Central 48.51 (43.94 - 53.10) 51.94 (47.18 - 56.66) 0.111
East 39.52a (33.43 - 45.96) 45.63 (40.09 - 51.29) 0.015
North Central 51.48 (46.14 - 56.78) 51.03 (45.77 - 56.27) 0.847
Northeast 49.24 (43.69 - 54.80) 51.24 (45.37 - 57.08) 0.402
Northwest 49.33 (43.59 - 55.09) 52.62 (47.26 - 57.92) 0.158
Southeast 44.98 (39.59 - 50.48) 46.71 (40.89 - 52.63) 0.500
Southwest 43.67a (37.63 - 49.90) 49.62 (43.34 - 55.92) 0.016
West 53.84b (48.77 - 58.84) 57.80 (52.25 - 63.16) 0.071
Iowa 55.92 (53.34 - 58.47) 55.67 (53.03 - 58.28) 0.843
Central 61.26 (56.61 - 65.72) 59.62 (54.80 - 64.25) 0.405
North Central 54.10 (48.58 - 59.52) 53.65 (47.96 - 59.25) 0.834
Northeast 59.82 (55.53 - 63.96) 60.33 (55.86 - 64.64) 0.799
Northwest 50.81 (45.43 - 56.17) 50.85 (45.52 - 56.16) 0.986
Southeast 53.49 (49.14 - 57.77) 53.01 (48.17 - 57.79) 0.824
Southwest 52.27 (46.26 - 58.21) 52.64 (46.78 - 58.44) 0.871
Kansas 53.80b (50.92 - 56.66) 51.43 (48.73 - 54.12) 0.089
Kansas City Metro 60.24a (56.53 - 63.84) 54.69 (50.70 - 58.63) 0.003
Northeast 53.11 (47.84 - 58.32) 52.29 (46.92 - 57.61) 0.735
South Central 49.46 (43.19 - 55.75) 45.83 (40.06 - 51.72) 0.144
Southeast 45.21 (38.47 - 52.13) 44.10 (37.63 - 50.78) 0.658
West 45.65 (39.87 - 51.55) 46.12 (40.47 - 51.86) 0.846
Wichita (Sedgwick) 53.78 (48.65 - 58.83) 54.47 (49.49 - 59.36) 0.763
Kentucky 39.03a (36.39 - 41.74) 43.44 (40.81 - 46.10) 0.001
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 27.98a (23.77 - 32.61) 32.72 (28.17 - 37.61) 0.021
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 46.47a (42.35 - 50.64) 51.11 (46.72 - 55.48) 0.026
Communicare and River Valley 36.87a (31.11 - 43.02) 43.01 (37.13 - 49.10) 0.016
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 35.63 (30.23 - 41.43) 38.42 (32.92 - 44.24) 0.225
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 26.65a (22.18 - 31.65) 33.06 (27.55 - 39.09) 0.003
Seven Counties 47.02 (42.08 - 52.03) 49.14 (44.34 - 53.96) 0.343
Louisiana 46.97 (44.32 - 49.64) 47.70 (45.21 - 50.21) 0.566
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 50.33 (45.91 - 54.75) --
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 48.46 (42.74 - 54.23) --
Region 10 (Jefferson) 53.37 (47.23 - 59.41) 52.19 (46.35 - 57.97) 0.609
Regions 2 and 9 50.30 (46.19 - 54.41) 50.99 (46.69 - 55.27) 0.734
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 46.78 (41.22 - 52.42) --
Regions 4, 5, and 6 41.79b (37.44 - 46.28) 45.59 (41.46 - 49.79) 0.073
Regions 7 and 8 45.89 (41.41 - 50.44) 43.95 (39.63 - 48.36) 0.353
Maine 55.34 (52.49 - 58.16) 54.06 (51.14 - 56.95) 0.403
Aroostook/Downeast 50.39 (44.99 - 55.79) 51.50 (46.40 - 56.58) 0.612
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 48.63 (41.74 - 55.57) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 53.86 (47.29 - 60.30) --
Central 51.44 (45.82 - 57.02) 50.75 (44.91 - 56.57) 0.787
Cumberland 61.72 (57.00 - 66.24) 58.87 (53.61 - 63.94) 0.222
Midcoast 57.60 (51.81 - 63.18) 53.68 (46.92 - 60.30) 0.155
Penquis 52.86 (47.08 - 58.56) 53.09 (47.95 - 58.16) 0.927
Western 52.23 (47.21 - 57.21) 51.00 (45.73 - 56.24) 0.618
York 57.21 (51.28 - 62.94) 56.26 (50.48 - 61.88) 0.719
Maryland 53.02a (49.95 - 56.06) 56.05 (53.37 - 58.70) 0.029
Anne Arundel 59.19 (53.26 - 64.87) 61.64 (55.36 - 67.55) 0.307
Baltimore City 42.46a (36.71 - 48.43) 48.91 (43.70 - 54.14) 0.007
Baltimore County 53.19 (46.87 - 59.41) 56.09 (50.78 - 61.27) 0.252
Montgomery 55.67 (50.20 - 61.01) 57.96 (52.68 - 63.06) 0.320
North Central 60.73 (54.95 - 66.23) 58.92 (53.09 - 64.52) 0.423
Northeast 55.30 (49.13 - 61.32) 55.82 (49.93 - 61.54) 0.831
Prince George's 49.58 (43.66 - 55.51) 53.01 (47.48 - 58.47) 0.149
South 50.73a (44.86 - 56.58) 58.53 (52.82 - 64.01) 0.001
West 53.90 (47.80 - 59.89) 55.14 (49.18 - 60.95) 0.645
Massachusetts 62.26 (59.64 - 64.81) 64.30 (61.84 - 66.68) 0.106
Boston 57.73a (51.83 - 63.41) 64.14 (59.10 - 68.89) 0.003
Central 61.68 (56.58 - 66.54) 62.41 (57.05 - 67.48) 0.736
Metrowest 68.29 (64.05 - 72.24) 70.72 (66.49 - 74.62) 0.200
Northeast 61.43 (56.66 - 65.99) 62.75 (58.43 - 66.87) 0.523
Southeast 60.60 (55.87 - 65.14) 63.61 (58.85 - 68.11) 0.163
Western 60.09 (55.16 - 64.83) 58.18 (53.00 - 63.18) 0.369
Michigan 54.55 (53.07 - 56.01) 53.80 (52.44 - 55.16) 0.337
Detroit City 39.90 (36.03 - 43.91) 38.13 (34.06 - 42.38) 0.384
Genesee 53.86 (49.15 - 58.49) 50.95 (46.40 - 55.50) 0.145
Kalamazoo 51.63 (47.59 - 55.65) 53.30 (48.87 - 57.68) 0.389
Kent 57.07 (52.79 - 61.24) 56.81 (52.88 - 60.66) 0.893
Lakeshore 53.07 (49.06 - 57.04) 51.98 (48.07 - 55.86) 0.552
Macomb 58.90 (55.11 - 62.60) 60.02 (56.31 - 63.62) 0.531
Mid South 53.02 (49.29 - 56.71) 53.97 (50.33 - 57.56) 0.601
Northern 56.30 (52.26 - 60.26) 55.34 (51.10 - 59.50) 0.613
Oakland 60.21 (56.80 - 63.53) 58.31 (54.91 - 61.63) 0.270
Pathways and Western 54.45 (49.28 - 59.54) 55.28 (50.14 - 60.31) 0.715
Riverhaven 54.61 (49.60 - 59.53) 54.48 (49.48 - 59.39) 0.953
Saginaw 52.36 (47.27 - 57.39) 52.57 (46.72 - 58.35) 0.923
Southeast 53.59 (50.19 - 56.95) 51.81 (48.38 - 55.23) 0.303
St. Clair 55.80a (51.00 - 60.49) 50.84 (45.61 - 56.04) 0.024
Washtenaw 62.08a (57.94 - 66.06) 58.04 (53.81 - 62.16) 0.035
Minnesota 61.17b (58.48 - 63.79) 58.64 (55.94 - 61.29) 0.055
Regions 1 and 2 58.44a (52.65 - 64.02) 53.52 (47.01 - 59.90) 0.047
Regions 3 and 4 60.27 (55.51 - 64.84) 58.51 (53.40 - 63.44) 0.423
Regions 5 and 6 57.46 (52.68 - 62.11) 56.60 (51.57 - 61.49) 0.685
Region 7A (Hennepin) 64.79 (60.30 - 69.04) 64.31 (59.84 - 68.54) 0.809
Region 7B (Ramsey) 55.10 (49.38 - 60.69) 54.31 (48.14 - 60.35) 0.742
Region 7C 65.28a (60.78 - 69.51) 59.07 (54.76 - 63.25) 0.001
Mississippi 40.09 (37.45 - 42.79) 40.61 (38.18 - 43.09) 0.676
Region 1 40.29 (35.71 - 45.06) 37.47 (33.27 - 41.87) 0.184
Region 2 36.56 (31.17 - 42.30) 38.27 (32.90 - 43.94) 0.445
Region 3 34.12a (29.57 - 39.00) 38.99 (34.08 - 44.12) 0.017
Region 4 44.77 (40.31 - 49.32) 43.82 (39.21 - 48.54) 0.659
Region 5 38.47 (32.84 - 44.41) 36.21 (30.01 - 42.90) 0.315
Region 6 43.84 (38.21 - 49.62) 43.41 (38.08 - 48.89) 0.856
Region 7 40.95 (35.70 - 46.41) 44.59 (39.51 - 49.79) 0.117
Missouri 50.35 (47.56 - 53.14) 50.64 (47.97 - 53.30) 0.839
Central 51.18 (45.87 - 56.46) 49.99 (44.47 - 55.50) 0.606
Eastern 52.59 (48.85 - 56.30) 53.99 (50.30 - 57.64) 0.445
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 52.23 (47.68 - 56.74) 52.06 (47.48 - 56.62) 0.939
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 53.21b (47.60 - 58.75) 57.33 (51.97 - 62.52) 0.080
Northwest 51.26 (47.12 - 55.39) 52.58 (48.43 - 56.70) 0.477
Northwest (Jackson) 50.53 (45.35 - 55.70) 52.52 (47.14 - 57.85) 0.382
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 51.89 (46.37 - 57.36) 52.64 (46.90 - 58.30) 0.756
Southeast 44.36 (38.72 - 50.15) 44.84 (39.44 - 50.35) 0.848
Southwest 47.61 (42.40 - 52.87) 45.13 (39.72 - 50.65) 0.320
Montana 58.99 (56.27 - 61.65) 60.19 (57.69 - 62.64) 0.375
Region 1 52.99 (46.87 - 59.04) 56.64 (50.72 - 62.37) 0.157
Region 2 51.97 (46.60 - 57.29) 51.93 (46.56 - 57.26) 0.988
Region 3 55.83 (51.27 - 60.30) 56.68 (52.14 - 61.10) 0.692
Region 4 65.17 (61.04 - 69.09) 65.13 (60.88 - 69.16) 0.984
Region 5 60.54 (56.24 - 64.68) 62.99 (59.16 - 66.67) 0.221
Nebraska 54.23 (51.49 - 56.95) 53.43 (50.69 - 56.15) 0.546
Regions 1 and 2 51.33 (45.91 - 56.72) 49.15 (43.94 - 54.39) 0.294
Region 1 48.95 (42.12 - 55.82) 47.40 (40.65 - 54.25) 0.549
Region 2 53.35 (46.34 - 60.24) 50.70 (44.01 - 57.36) 0.281
Region 3 49.19 (43.61 - 54.79) 48.40 (43.03 - 53.80) 0.740
Region 4 50.72 (44.72 - 56.69) 48.90 (42.85 - 54.98) 0.468
Region 5 56.26 (51.82 - 60.59) 59.38 (54.86 - 63.75) 0.127
Region 6 56.34 (52.52 - 60.09) 53.68 (49.81 - 57.50) 0.149
Nevada1 54.22 (51.13 - 57.29) 52.99 (49.97 - 55.98) 0.432
Clark - Region 1 52.87 (49.32 - 56.40) 51.43 (47.88 - 54.96) 0.428
Region 3 56.99b (51.13 - 62.66) 53.12 (47.72 - 58.44) 0.094
Capital District -- (-- - --) 57.61 (50.93 - 64.03) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 49.05 (41.83 - 56.31) --
Washoe - Region 2 58.09 (52.89 - 63.10) 59.99 (54.96 - 64.81) 0.411
New Hampshire 64.33 (61.66 - 66.92) 63.12 (60.51 - 65.65) 0.352
Central 62.99 (59.13 - 66.69) 62.88 (58.72 - 66.86) 0.949
Central 1 63.35 (58.34 - 68.09) 64.97 (59.94 - 69.68) 0.447
Central 2 62.65 (57.55 - 67.49) 60.86 (55.19 - 66.24) 0.435
Northern 62.57 (57.11 - 67.72) 61.05 (55.37 - 66.44) 0.503
Southern 65.37 (62.25 - 68.37) 63.70 (60.64 - 66.65) 0.251
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 68.54 (63.90 - 72.84) 66.09 (61.63 - 70.28) 0.220
Southern 2 63.41 (59.66 - 66.99) 62.22 (58.36 - 65.92) 0.499
New Jersey 54.98 (52.11 - 57.82) 56.74 (53.97 - 59.47) 0.229
Central 58.23 (53.29 - 63.01) 60.89 (55.92 - 65.65) 0.223
Metropolitan 51.13a (46.46 - 55.78) 55.49 (50.92 - 59.96) 0.045
Northern 55.35 (51.06 - 59.56) 56.63 (52.15 - 61.01) 0.547
Southern 55.11 (50.20 - 59.93) 53.78 (49.01 - 58.49) 0.571
New Mexico 46.40 (43.74 - 49.09) 45.19 (42.39 - 48.03) 0.383
Region 1 39.09 (34.93 - 43.41) 37.76 (33.53 - 42.17) 0.500
Region 2 49.01 (43.49 - 54.55) 47.86 (42.10 - 53.67) 0.634
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 51.85 (47.71 - 55.97) 50.51 (45.78 - 55.24) 0.540
Region 4 42.66 (37.20 - 48.31) 42.85 (37.60 - 48.26) 0.938
Region 5 45.61 (40.72 - 50.59) 43.71 (39.01 - 48.53) 0.388
New York 55.68 (54.06 - 57.28) 55.42 (53.96 - 56.87) 0.764
Region A 50.95a (48.65 - 53.24) 53.27 (51.20 - 55.32) 0.044
Region 1 46.29 (41.40 - 51.25) 45.41 (41.29 - 49.60) 0.671
Region 2 51.05 (47.54 - 54.55) 53.20 (49.72 - 56.64) 0.215
Region 3 60.40 (55.71 - 64.90) 63.47 (59.22 - 67.53) 0.125
Region 4 46.45b (42.31 - 50.65) 50.43 (46.37 - 54.49) 0.053
Region B 62.11 (59.80 - 64.36) 60.56 (58.21 - 62.86) 0.205
Region 5 65.04b (62.00 - 67.96) 62.03 (58.98 - 64.98) 0.056
Region 6 58.24 (54.05 - 62.33) 59.88 (55.56 - 64.06) 0.392
Region 7 58.67 (54.43 - 62.79) 56.74 (52.11 - 61.25) 0.330
Region C 57.53a (55.29 - 59.75) 55.19 (52.89 - 57.48) 0.041
Region 8 60.27 (56.13 - 64.28) 57.16 (52.77 - 61.44) 0.103
Region 9 55.28 (50.67 - 59.81) 52.09 (47.49 - 56.65) 0.138
Region 10 59.43 (54.13 - 64.51) 56.39 (51.09 - 61.54) 0.174
Region 11 55.28 (51.20 - 59.30) 54.90 (50.63 - 59.10) 0.845
Region 12 58.31 (54.06 - 62.44) 55.87 (51.44 - 60.21) 0.219
Region D 54.24a (50.96 - 57.49) 50.84 (47.45 - 54.21) 0.024
Region 13 58.42a (52.73 - 63.89) 51.61 (46.07 - 57.12) 0.004
Region 14 54.68 (49.77 - 59.51) 53.09 (47.43 - 58.68) 0.469
Region 15 50.06 (44.92 - 55.21) 47.91 (43.04 - 52.83) 0.343
North Carolina1 48.23 (45.51 - 50.96) 46.81 (43.99 - 49.64) 0.280
Alliance 53.04 (48.53 - 57.50) 52.28 (47.60 - 56.92) 0.725
Cardinal Innovations 49.93 (44.12 - 55.74) 47.14 (41.58 - 52.78) 0.259
CenterPoint/Guilford 48.48a (43.60 - 53.38) 44.29 (39.25 - 49.45) 0.033
CenterPoint 44.61 (37.94 - 51.49) 41.55 (34.73 - 48.71) 0.234
Guilford 52.84a (46.81 - 58.79) 47.27 (41.04 - 53.59) 0.016
CoastalCare 50.63 (44.20 - 57.04) 53.57 (46.70 - 60.31) 0.211
Eastpointe 40.31a (34.38 - 46.53) 35.05 (29.63 - 40.88) 0.028
ECBH 47.05 (40.76 - 53.44) 43.94 (37.17 - 50.95) 0.224
MeckLINK 51.54 (46.15 - 56.89) 48.73 (42.53 - 54.98) 0.221
Partners 47.53 (42.11 - 53.00) 45.98 (40.45 - 51.61) 0.516
Sandhills 42.37 (35.96 - 49.06) 44.48 (37.89 - 51.28) 0.414
Smoky Mountain 42.65 (36.28 - 49.26) 45.63 (38.37 - 53.08) 0.269
Western Highlands 47.30 (40.77 - 53.92) 48.92 (42.26 - 55.63) 0.539
North Dakota 58.54 (55.88 - 61.15) 59.55 (56.86 - 62.19) 0.446
Badlands and West Central 57.14 (52.58 - 61.58) 59.33 (54.44 - 64.05) 0.302
Lake Region and South Central 51.62 (45.78 - 57.41) 50.43 (44.85 - 55.99) 0.637
North Central and Northwest 55.85 (51.00 - 60.59) 56.10 (51.12 - 60.95) 0.913
Northeast 60.53 (55.50 - 65.34) 61.35 (56.04 - 66.40) 0.694
Southeast 64.38 (60.79 - 67.81) 65.90 (62.24 - 69.39) 0.380
Ohio 52.21 (50.69 - 53.73) 52.77 (51.42 - 54.11) 0.502
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 47.97 (43.54 - 52.43) 48.59 (43.90 - 53.30) 0.768
Boards 3, 52, and 85 54.86 (49.45 - 60.16) 55.40 (50.10 - 60.58) 0.808
Boards 4 and 78 50.10 (44.45 - 55.74) 53.74 (47.98 - 59.40) 0.108
Boards 5 and 60 46.91 (42.07 - 51.80) 50.31 (45.15 - 55.47) 0.101
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 46.65 (41.75 - 51.62) 45.08 (40.44 - 49.82) 0.495
Boards 8, 13, and 83 53.72 (48.68 - 58.69) 52.83 (48.16 - 57.44) 0.682
Board 9 (Butler) 55.37 (50.22 - 60.41) 54.12 (49.12 - 59.05) 0.554
Board 12 53.72 (48.80 - 58.57) 53.65 (48.29 - 58.92) 0.972
Boards 18 and 47 53.75a (50.37 - 57.09) 57.20 (54.05 - 60.30) 0.044
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 52.06 (46.70 - 57.37) 51.68 (46.54 - 56.78) 0.867
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 50.24 (45.53 - 54.95) 53.24 (48.45 - 57.97) 0.161
Boards 22, 74, and 87 53.44 (48.31 - 58.51) 54.27 (49.47 - 58.99) 0.704
Boards 23 and 45 53.74 (48.65 - 58.75) 50.78 (45.85 - 55.69) 0.171
Board 25 (Franklin) 55.61 (52.04 - 59.13) 54.64 (51.06 - 58.18) 0.567
Boards 27, 71, and 73 39.90 (35.09 - 44.93) 40.68 (35.69 - 45.87) 0.731
Boards 28, 43, and 67 59.70 (55.35 - 63.91) 60.00 (55.67 - 64.19) 0.880
Board 31 (Hamilton) 54.62 (50.21 - 58.96) 52.71 (48.72 - 56.67) 0.329
Board 48 (Lucas) 50.76 (45.80 - 55.71) 52.13 (46.92 - 57.30) 0.521
Boards 50 and 76 49.72 (45.11 - 54.34) 53.12 (48.71 - 57.48) 0.115
Board 57 (Montgomery) 48.79 (44.01 - 53.60) 48.06 (43.35 - 52.81) 0.736
Board 77 (Summit) 56.26 (51.82 - 60.61) 53.91 (49.43 - 58.33) 0.259
Oklahoma 45.12 (42.30 - 47.98) 44.50 (41.77 - 47.26) 0.652
Central 47.14 (41.65 - 52.70) 47.06 (41.19 - 53.01) 0.974
East Central 43.34 (37.44 - 49.45) 39.89 (33.99 - 46.09) 0.165
Northeast 44.85 (39.48 - 50.34) 46.04 (41.01 - 51.15) 0.613
Northwest and Southwest 43.25 (37.77 - 48.89) 40.65 (35.21 - 46.33) 0.280
Oklahoma County 47.64 (42.41 - 52.94) 48.74 (43.95 - 53.55) 0.618
Southeast 41.46 (36.17 - 46.95) 39.78 (34.45 - 45.37) 0.464
Tulsa County 47.00 (42.10 - 51.95) 47.11 (41.99 - 52.30) 0.959
Oregon 60.67 (57.91 - 63.36) 59.61 (56.98 - 62.19) 0.428
Region 1 (Multnomah) 64.01 (59.05 - 68.69) 66.57 (61.93 - 70.90) 0.219
Region 2 62.87 (58.31 - 67.21) 61.47 (56.79 - 65.96) 0.498
Region 3 60.76 (56.71 - 64.67) 58.27 (54.36 - 62.08) 0.204
Region 4 55.07 (49.54 - 60.49) 54.96 (49.60 - 60.21) 0.961
Region 5 (Central) 63.83 (57.45 - 69.76) 60.63 (54.57 - 66.38) 0.189
Region 6 (Eastern) 52.05b (45.73 - 58.30) 47.56 (40.28 - 54.95) 0.069
Pennsylvania 54.45 (52.82 - 56.07) 55.09 (53.73 - 56.44) 0.421
Region 1 (Allegheny) 60.93 (57.25 - 64.49) 60.60 (56.92 - 64.17) 0.857
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 51.20 (46.47 - 55.92) 53.54 (48.87 - 58.14) 0.273
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 54.16 (49.83 - 58.43) 52.65 (48.36 - 56.90) 0.467
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 50.42 (44.85 - 55.98) 50.62 (45.90 - 55.33) 0.930
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 54.01 (49.71 - 58.24) 52.71 (48.45 - 56.92) 0.500
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 60.57 (57.62 - 63.45) 62.03 (59.11 - 64.86) 0.339
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 49.65 (44.89 - 54.42) 47.53 (42.89 - 52.22) 0.336
Regions 17 and 21 54.82 (49.53 - 60.01) 55.41 (50.04 - 60.65) 0.791
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 51.34 (47.23 - 55.44) 52.30 (48.71 - 55.88) 0.607
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 53.63 (49.12 - 58.07) 52.35 (47.98 - 56.70) 0.547
Regions 29 and 34 54.38 (49.41 - 59.27) 54.12 (49.39 - 58.77) 0.903
Regions 30 and 50 54.61 (49.74 - 59.39) 53.83 (49.32 - 58.27) 0.726
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 47.50a (43.82 - 51.20) 52.31 (48.83 - 55.77) 0.008
Rhode Island 60.38 (57.43 - 63.26) 62.68 (59.88 - 65.39) 0.111
Bristol and Newport 63.48a (57.81 - 68.80) 68.49 (62.97 - 73.53) 0.021
Kent 60.58 (54.98 - 65.92) 63.99 (58.85 - 68.83) 0.146
Providence 58.23 (54.49 - 61.88) 59.93 (56.42 - 63.35) 0.342
Washington 67.23 (62.09 - 72.00) 68.08 (62.65 - 73.07) 0.680
South Carolina 45.57a (42.79 - 48.39) 49.02 (46.41 - 51.65) 0.018
Region 1 43.97 (39.40 - 48.63) 46.45 (42.07 - 50.88) 0.259
Region 2 44.96a (40.98 - 49.01) 50.34 (46.15 - 54.52) 0.011
Region 3 43.52 (38.27 - 48.91) 46.62 (41.38 - 51.94) 0.178
Region 4 49.28 (44.58 - 54.00) 51.64 (47.41 - 55.84) 0.284
South Dakota 58.42 (55.81 - 60.99) 57.00 (54.44 - 59.52) 0.254
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 55.64 (50.88 - 60.31) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 52.31 (46.27 - 58.28) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 58.53 (54.10 - 62.82) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 55.59 (50.18 - 60.86) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 59.17 (55.19 - 63.03) --
Tennessee 41.40 (38.57 - 44.29) 40.04 (37.45 - 42.70) 0.314
Region 1 40.22a (34.79 - 45.91) 35.57 (30.22 - 41.30) 0.048
Region 2 43.00 (37.93 - 48.23) 41.32 (36.49 - 46.31) 0.453
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 36.13 (31.31 - 41.26) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 47.07 (41.21 - 53.01) 44.45 (39.04 - 49.99) 0.270
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 44.08 (39.31 - 48.95) --
Region 6 37.13 (31.80 - 42.79) 34.70 (29.11 - 40.75) 0.315
Region 7 (Shelby) 42.10 (36.75 - 47.64) 38.93 (33.80 - 44.32) 0.152
Texas 48.58 (47.08 - 50.09) 48.51 (47.11 - 49.91) 0.926
Region 1 48.87 (44.11 - 53.66) 48.69 (43.84 - 53.55) 0.929
Region 2 46.60 (41.39 - 51.88) 43.91 (38.38 - 49.58) 0.231
Region 3 51.81 (49.40 - 54.22) 51.19 (48.97 - 53.39) 0.609
Region 3a 51.38 (48.44 - 54.32) 50.84 (47.93 - 53.75) 0.723
Region 3bc 52.56 (48.93 - 56.17) 51.79 (48.45 - 55.11) 0.667
Region 4 42.66 (37.79 - 47.68) 43.97 (38.93 - 49.15) 0.554
Region 5 46.25 (41.24 - 51.35) 45.04 (40.18 - 50.00) 0.576
Region 6 49.28 (46.61 - 51.96) 48.50 (45.91 - 51.11) 0.565
Region 6a 49.35 (46.47 - 52.24) 48.34 (45.57 - 51.11) 0.488
Region 6bc 48.72 (43.36 - 54.10) 49.91 (44.35 - 55.47) 0.616
Region 7 53.99 (51.04 - 56.91) 54.77 (51.72 - 57.79) 0.571
Region 7a 56.69 (53.08 - 60.23) 57.92 (53.94 - 61.80) 0.497
Region 7bcd 49.51 (45.02 - 54.01) 49.48 (45.06 - 53.90) 0.989
Region 8 46.91 (43.24 - 50.61) 47.20 (43.64 - 50.78) 0.871
Region 9 43.94 (38.79 - 49.22) 44.21 (38.81 - 49.76) 0.895
Region 10 44.69 (39.69 - 49.81) 45.27 (40.78 - 49.85) 0.792
Region 11 37.48 (34.32 - 40.76) 39.62 (36.31 - 43.03) 0.133
Region 11abd 39.96 (35.95 - 44.11) 41.43 (37.28 - 45.71) 0.414
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 32.92b (28.44 - 37.73) 36.41 (31.67 - 41.43) 0.066
Utah 26.36 (23.99 - 28.89) 27.68 (25.33 - 30.16) 0.319
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 24.51 (20.07 - 29.58) 22.76 (18.83 - 27.25) 0.377
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 22.93a (18.64 - 27.86) 27.20 (22.25 - 32.78) 0.047
Davis County 28.72 (24.23 - 33.67) 27.85 (23.20 - 33.03) 0.684
Salt Lake County 31.08 (27.55 - 34.86) 32.79 (29.28 - 36.50) 0.379
Utah County 18.05 (14.92 - 21.68) 19.90 (16.42 - 23.90) 0.239
Weber, Morgan 27.67 (22.61 - 33.38) 28.69 (23.94 - 33.97) 0.646
Vermont 61.40 (58.85 - 63.89) 59.86 (57.16 - 62.50) 0.268
Champlain Valley 66.40 (62.79 - 69.83) 65.12 (61.46 - 68.62) 0.495
Rural Northeast 58.77 (53.93 - 63.44) 57.79 (52.97 - 62.47) 0.666
Rural Southeast 60.52 (55.71 - 65.13) 58.12 (53.29 - 62.80) 0.274
Rural Southwest 54.36 (49.05 - 59.56) 51.99 (46.32 - 57.61) 0.351
Virginia 51.39a (48.52 - 54.25) 54.98 (52.32 - 57.61) 0.012
Region 1 54.98 (50.07 - 59.80) 55.00 (50.24 - 59.68) 0.992
Region 2 52.11a (46.98 - 57.19) 57.48 (53.11 - 61.74) 0.021
Region 3 45.79 (40.89 - 50.77) 48.04 (42.93 - 53.19) 0.311
Region 4 52.36 (47.17 - 57.50) 55.95 (50.67 - 61.10) 0.113
Region 5 51.61a (46.91 - 56.29) 56.48 (51.84 - 61.01) 0.022
Washington 56.84 (54.14 - 59.49) 56.28 (53.62 - 58.91) 0.683
Region 1 53.31 (48.98 - 57.59) 51.00 (46.47 - 55.51) 0.216
East 1 (previously Region 1) 56.24b (50.90 - 61.43) 52.09 (46.22 - 57.89) 0.073
East 2 (previously Region 2) 49.31 (43.15 - 55.50) 49.52 (43.48 - 55.58) 0.932
Region 2 60.23 (56.75 - 63.62) 59.95 (56.65 - 63.17) 0.867
North 1 (previously Region 3) 59.18 (54.07 - 64.09) 59.36 (54.56 - 63.98) 0.934
North 2 (previously Region 4) 60.85 (56.53 - 65.01) 60.30 (56.22 - 64.23) 0.785
Region 3 54.46 (50.72 - 58.14) 54.64 (50.73 - 58.48) 0.918
West 1 (previously Region 5) 55.77 (50.69 - 60.73) 58.05 (52.90 - 63.03) 0.312
West 2 (previously Region 6) 53.25 (48.38 - 58.05) 51.48 (46.28 - 56.65) 0.435
West Virginia 39.61 (36.88 - 42.40) 39.30 (36.60 - 42.07) 0.830
Region I 43.37 (37.24 - 49.71) 45.22 (38.50 - 52.12) 0.492
Region II 42.71 (37.06 - 48.56) 42.91 (37.32 - 48.68) 0.938
Region III 37.19 (31.55 - 43.22) 36.22 (30.56 - 42.29) 0.697
Region IV 40.71a (36.09 - 45.50) 45.85 (41.25 - 50.53) 0.021
Region V 41.22a (36.94 - 45.63) 35.45 (31.53 - 39.58) 0.006
Region VI 33.09 (28.45 - 38.09) 33.71 (28.65 - 39.17) 0.792
Wisconsin 62.67 (59.98 - 65.28) 62.54 (59.82 - 65.18) 0.925
Milwaukee 57.28 (52.18 - 62.24) 59.69 (54.61 - 64.58) 0.296
Northeastern 62.10 (57.63 - 66.38) 59.83 (55.38 - 64.12) 0.293
Northern 63.57 (57.13 - 69.56) 59.79 (53.46 - 65.81) 0.136
Southeastern 65.50 (60.95 - 69.79) 65.11 (60.10 - 69.80) 0.851
Southern 65.78 (60.98 - 70.28) 66.01 (61.12 - 70.58) 0.915
Western 60.59 (55.79 - 65.18) 63.20 (58.08 - 68.05) 0.237
Wyoming 53.38 (50.56 - 56.18) 51.87 (49.24 - 54.49) 0.281
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 55.14a (49.67 - 60.49) 50.18 (45.02 - 55.33) 0.041
Judicial District 2 56.44 (50.83 - 61.89) 57.66 (52.38 - 62.77) 0.555
Judicial District 3 46.68 (41.59 - 51.85) 42.90 (37.88 - 48.08) 0.115
Judicial District 4 56.33 (49.98 - 62.47) 55.73 (49.40 - 61.88) 0.817
Judicial District 5 49.96 (44.29 - 55.63) 49.98 (43.62 - 56.34) 0.994
Judicial District 6 57.33 (51.77 - 62.71) 54.07 (48.45 - 59.60) 0.177
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 53.95 (48.45 - 59.36) 56.11 (50.65 - 61.41) 0.368
Judicial District 8 50.36 (43.78 - 56.93) 51.29 (45.13 - 57.41) 0.718
Judicial District 9 55.56 (49.81 - 61.15) 53.08 (47.23 - 58.85) 0.315
140403
Table 9 – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 23.37a (23.03 - 23.72) 22.81 (22.47 - 23.16) 0.006
Northeast 24.80 (24.10 - 25.51) 24.61 (23.88 - 25.37) 0.630
Midwest 25.72b (25.17 - 26.28) 25.10 (24.49 - 25.73) 0.051
South 21.70 (21.20 - 22.21) 21.26 (20.69 - 21.83) 0.128
West 22.65a (21.97 - 23.34) 21.75 (21.03 - 22.50) 0.015
Alabama 20.27 (18.43 - 22.24) 20.18 (18.19 - 22.33) 0.931
Region 1 18.44 (15.66 - 21.59) 18.40 (15.56 - 21.61) 0.975
Region 2 21.45 (18.55 - 24.66) 22.71 (19.54 - 26.22) 0.398
Region 3 22.47a (18.99 - 26.38) 17.94 (14.96 - 21.36) 0.005
Region 4 19.09 (16.00 - 22.62) 20.59 (17.51 - 24.04) 0.318
Alaska 24.04 (21.95 - 26.25) 23.27 (21.15 - 25.53) 0.466
Anchorage 26.53 (23.63 - 29.65) 25.29 (22.53 - 28.28) 0.408
Northern 21.12 (17.94 - 24.69) 21.97 (18.66 - 25.69) 0.591
South Central 23.21 (19.64 - 27.20) 21.92 (18.55 - 25.71) 0.419
Southeast 22.01 (18.03 - 26.59) 21.45 (17.78 - 25.65) 0.746
Arizona 23.14 (20.95 - 25.48) 22.44 (20.28 - 24.76) 0.513
Maricopa 22.66 (20.05 - 25.50) 23.28 (20.64 - 26.14) 0.645
Pima 24.72 (20.61 - 29.35) 23.46 (19.73 - 27.65) 0.502
Rural North 24.80a (20.68 - 29.43) 19.01 (15.56 - 23.01) 0.001
Rural South 21.96 (17.99 - 26.54) 20.50 (16.73 - 24.87) 0.371
Arkansas 19.43 (17.55 - 21.47) 19.46 (17.50 - 21.59) 0.971
Catchment Area 1 18.31 (15.14 - 21.97) 20.07 (16.78 - 23.82) 0.233
Catchment Area 2 18.96 (15.58 - 22.87) 18.51 (15.10 - 22.48) 0.767
Catchment Area 3 20.98 (17.42 - 25.03) 18.96 (15.73 - 22.69) 0.180
Catchment Area 4 18.32 (14.85 - 22.39) 18.89 (15.55 - 22.76) 0.706
Catchment Area 5 20.00 (16.85 - 23.57) 20.43 (17.16 - 24.15) 0.782
Catchment Area 6 18.28 (14.77 - 22.42) 18.94 (15.40 - 23.07) 0.676
Catchment Area 7 19.20 (15.57 - 23.44) 17.88 (14.48 - 21.89) 0.403
Catchment Area 8 20.20 (16.97 - 23.86) 20.27 (17.05 - 23.92) 0.961
California 22.33b (21.25 - 23.44) 21.35 (20.24 - 22.51) 0.087
Region 1R 26.49 (22.54 - 30.86) 24.16 (20.50 - 28.24) 0.150
Region 2R 25.87a (22.25 - 29.87) 22.53 (19.19 - 26.27) 0.035
Region 3R (Sacramento) 22.75 (19.49 - 26.37) 20.63 (17.63 - 23.99) 0.125
Region 4R 21.15 (17.86 - 24.85) 22.24 (19.02 - 25.84) 0.469
Region 5R (San Francisco) 25.85 (21.60 - 30.61) 24.96 (21.18 - 29.15) 0.628
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 20.17 (17.09 - 23.65) 19.39 (16.47 - 22.69) 0.560
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 21.19 (17.62 - 25.27) 21.26 (17.88 - 25.08) 0.968
Region 8R (Alameda) 20.66 (17.37 - 24.38) 20.36 (17.24 - 23.89) 0.844
Region 9R (San Mateo) 20.78a (17.28 - 24.77) 17.76 (14.50 - 21.57) 0.050
Region 10 23.50 (20.17 - 27.20) 21.91 (18.56 - 25.68) 0.271
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 21.29 (19.78 - 22.88) 20.99 (19.52 - 22.53) 0.679
LA SPA 1 and 5 23.18 (19.54 - 27.27) 23.19 (19.73 - 27.06) 0.992
LA SPA 2 19.81 (16.93 - 23.03) 19.50 (16.65 - 22.71) 0.824
LA SPA 3 20.67a (17.72 - 23.96) 17.46 (14.80 - 20.49) 0.015
LA SPA 4 23.31 (19.95 - 27.04) 23.64 (20.14 - 27.55) 0.824
LA SPA 6 20.64 (17.19 - 24.56) 21.98 (18.62 - 25.74) 0.387
LA SPA 7 23.01 (19.53 - 26.91) 23.01 (19.68 - 26.73) 0.999
LA SPA 8 20.18 (16.91 - 23.90) 21.34 (18.30 - 24.73) 0.423
Region 12R 22.55 (18.92 - 26.66) 21.84 (18.22 - 25.94) 0.639
Regions 13 and 19R 23.84 (20.75 - 27.23) 22.51 (19.58 - 25.73) 0.360
Region 13 (Riverside) 23.90 (20.61 - 27.53) 22.49 (19.39 - 25.94) 0.362
Region 19R (Imperial) 23.10 (19.30 - 27.38) 22.69 (18.79 - 27.13) 0.800
Region 14 (Orange) 20.49b (17.97 - 23.28) 18.16 (15.80 - 20.79) 0.068
Region 15R (Fresno) 21.68 (18.35 - 25.42) 21.26 (17.98 - 24.95) 0.769
Region 16R (San Diego) 24.89 (22.18 - 27.82) 22.83 (20.14 - 25.75) 0.129
Region 17R 23.19 (20.02 - 26.70) 22.91 (19.72 - 26.44) 0.850
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 21.81 (18.96 - 24.95) 21.52 (18.75 - 24.57) 0.821
Region 20R 23.10 (19.47 - 27.19) 21.71 (18.28 - 25.60) 0.350
Region 21R 23.85 (20.11 - 28.05) 23.92 (20.40 - 27.82) 0.968
Colorado 26.84a (24.68 - 29.12) 24.36 (22.20 - 26.65) 0.027
Region 1 26.73a (22.65 - 31.24) 23.52 (20.03 - 27.41) 0.049
Regions 2 and 7 28.30 (25.46 - 31.32) 25.98 (23.13 - 29.05) 0.132
Region 3 22.76 (19.20 - 26.76) 21.57 (18.24 - 25.33) 0.462
Region 4 23.80a (19.46 - 28.76) 20.34 (16.50 - 24.81) 0.038
Regions 5 and 6 26.57a (22.05 - 31.65) 22.87 (18.97 - 27.29) 0.044
Connecticut 26.48 (24.25 - 28.85) 25.22 (22.99 - 27.59) 0.245
Eastern 25.24 (21.29 - 29.65) 25.45 (22.02 - 29.21) 0.899
North Central 26.05b (22.65 - 29.75) 23.11 (19.85 - 26.73) 0.069
Northwestern 24.98 (21.29 - 29.07) 24.28 (20.51 - 28.48) 0.701
South Central 28.48 (24.69 - 32.61) 28.13 (24.34 - 32.26) 0.854
Southwest 26.85 (22.64 - 31.54) 25.43 (21.65 - 29.62) 0.448
Delaware 24.61b (22.38 - 26.99) 22.41 (20.31 - 24.65) 0.052
Kent 24.85a (21.06 - 29.09) 21.15 (17.74 - 25.01) 0.033
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 25.18 (22.32 - 28.27) 23.35 (20.68 - 26.25) 0.223
Sussex 23.93b (20.16 - 28.16) 21.08 (17.79 - 24.78) 0.100
Wilmington City 22.50 (18.47 - 27.12) 22.85 (18.86 - 27.39) 0.852
District of Columbia 29.93b (27.56 - 32.42) 32.09 (29.72 - 34.55) 0.070
Ward 1 34.33a (29.69 - 39.30) 39.48 (34.65 - 44.53) 0.010
Ward 2 39.10a (34.38 - 44.04) 43.87 (39.41 - 48.43) 0.028
Ward 3 34.48 (30.10 - 39.14) 35.69 (31.62 - 39.98) 0.552
Ward 4 25.18 (20.73 - 30.23) 24.41 (20.34 - 29.01) 0.704
Ward 5 26.40 (21.95 - 31.39) 27.47 (23.60 - 31.70) 0.593
Ward 6 30.13a (25.72 - 34.93) 36.02 (31.17 - 41.18) 0.006
Ward 7 23.06 (19.26 - 27.35) 23.15 (19.09 - 27.78) 0.961
Ward 8 23.54 (19.40 - 28.24) 23.64 (19.89 - 27.86) 0.954
Florida 21.31 (20.18 - 22.48) 20.46 (19.34 - 21.64) 0.179
Region A - Northwest 22.41 (20.15 - 24.84) 21.90 (19.85 - 24.08) 0.605
Circuit 1 21.72 (18.58 - 25.23) 19.56 (16.78 - 22.68) 0.131
Circuit 2 25.17 (21.27 - 29.51) 27.04 (23.49 - 30.92) 0.253
Circuit 14 20.43 (16.80 - 24.61) 20.51 (17.08 - 24.43) 0.957
Region B - Northeast 22.10 (19.95 - 24.40) 21.46 (19.47 - 23.60) 0.524
Circuits 3 and 8 24.08 (20.41 - 28.18) 23.47 (20.33 - 26.92) 0.697
Circuit 4 22.56b (19.32 - 26.17) 19.74 (16.85 - 22.99) 0.052
Circuit 7 20.27 (16.95 - 24.06) 22.34 (19.12 - 25.92) 0.203
Region C - Central 20.86 (19.23 - 22.59) 19.92 (18.33 - 21.61) 0.270
Circuit 5 19.19 (16.37 - 22.36) 17.06 (14.21 - 20.34) 0.126
Circuit 9 23.30 (20.20 - 26.73) 22.62 (19.91 - 25.59) 0.659
Circuit 10 19.22 (16.04 - 22.86) 18.39 (15.51 - 21.66) 0.593
Circuit 18 21.42 (18.27 - 24.94) 20.25 (17.28 - 23.59) 0.423
Circuit 19 19.44 (16.11 - 23.26) 20.03 (16.69 - 23.85) 0.713
Region D - Southeast 20.54 (18.45 - 22.79) 19.58 (17.60 - 21.72) 0.372
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 19.61 (16.47 - 23.19) 18.93 (16.18 - 22.01) 0.651
Circuit 17 (Broward) 21.23 (18.62 - 24.09) 20.08 (17.60 - 22.81) 0.380
Region E - Sun Coast 21.82 (20.02 - 23.74) 21.76 (19.87 - 23.77) 0.943
Circuit 6 20.57 (17.70 - 23.77) 22.22 (19.03 - 25.77) 0.273
Circuit 12 23.17 (19.12 - 27.78) 22.06 (18.57 - 26.00) 0.534
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 23.79 (20.77 - 27.11) 23.20 (20.33 - 26.34) 0.696
Circuit 20 20.51 (17.51 - 23.87) 19.52 (16.50 - 22.94) 0.500
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 20.77b (18.37 - 23.39) 18.48 (16.35 - 20.82) 0.061
Georgia 20.34 (18.37 - 22.46) 19.23 (17.35 - 21.27) 0.251
Region 1 21.12b (18.00 - 24.61) 18.47 (15.72 - 21.57) 0.068
Region 2 18.00 (14.79 - 21.73) 19.30 (16.19 - 22.86) 0.365
Region 3 20.14 (17.22 - 23.42) 19.65 (16.74 - 22.92) 0.749
Region 4 20.96 (16.89 - 25.71) 19.24 (15.70 - 23.34) 0.295
Region 5 22.13 (18.34 - 26.44) 19.80 (16.28 - 23.87) 0.146
Region 6 19.89 (16.52 - 23.76) 19.23 (15.92 - 23.04) 0.667
Hawaii 23.51 (21.30 - 25.86) 22.69 (20.55 - 24.97) 0.464
Hawaii Island 26.37 (22.11 - 31.13) 23.90 (19.77 - 28.60) 0.230
Honolulu 23.02 (20.47 - 25.79) 22.53 (20.24 - 24.99) 0.690
Kauai and Maui 23.17 (19.54 - 27.23) 22.35 (18.79 - 26.37) 0.616
Kauai 23.21 (18.64 - 28.49) 20.99 (16.73 - 26.01) 0.225
Maui 23.15 (18.94 - 27.97) 22.95 (18.79 - 27.71) 0.916
Idaho 20.88 (19.04 - 22.85) 20.82 (18.83 - 22.97) 0.952
Region 1 22.82 (18.93 - 27.23) 20.91 (17.25 - 25.12) 0.269
Region 2 23.16 (18.90 - 28.04) 24.61 (20.70 - 29.00) 0.385
Region 3 19.43 (16.38 - 22.89) 20.20 (16.88 - 23.98) 0.615
Region 4 23.56 (20.31 - 27.15) 22.35 (19.26 - 25.77) 0.436
Region 5 19.64 (15.94 - 23.95) 20.61 (17.05 - 24.70) 0.551
Region 6 18.49 (15.23 - 22.25) 20.44 (16.94 - 24.45) 0.203
Region 7 16.18 (13.23 - 19.63) 16.50 (13.34 - 20.24) 0.818
Illinois 26.24 (25.08 - 27.43) 25.52 (24.36 - 26.71) 0.270
Region I (Cook) 27.38 (25.49 - 29.35) 26.35 (24.55 - 28.23) 0.320
Region II 25.24 (23.37 - 27.21) 24.57 (22.71 - 26.53) 0.522
Region III 26.26 (23.82 - 28.84) 26.66 (24.15 - 29.34) 0.752
Region IV 25.46 (22.52 - 28.64) 25.21 (22.20 - 28.46) 0.870
Region V 25.43 (22.85 - 28.19) 23.99 (21.23 - 26.99) 0.299
Indiana 22.87 (20.90 - 24.98) 22.99 (20.92 - 25.21) 0.898
Central 22.03 (18.83 - 25.61) 22.12 (18.83 - 25.80) 0.959
East 20.27 (16.65 - 24.44) 21.79 (18.22 - 25.85) 0.350
North Central 22.80 (19.20 - 26.85) 22.89 (19.42 - 26.77) 0.957
Northeast 23.64 (19.83 - 27.93) 22.68 (19.03 - 26.81) 0.564
Northwest 23.28 (19.26 - 27.84) 23.05 (19.53 - 27.01) 0.896
Southeast 21.92 (18.24 - 26.11) 21.63 (18.09 - 25.65) 0.864
Southwest 22.70 (18.57 - 27.43) 23.46 (19.44 - 28.02) 0.650
West 26.92 (23.16 - 31.05) 27.26 (23.45 - 31.44) 0.834
Iowa 27.63 (25.58 - 29.78) 26.72 (24.59 - 28.97) 0.382
Central 26.29 (22.69 - 30.24) 27.73 (24.06 - 31.73) 0.411
North Central 27.44 (23.48 - 31.79) 28.64 (24.57 - 33.09) 0.518
Northeast 31.76b (28.09 - 35.67) 28.63 (25.07 - 32.47) 0.076
Northwest 25.40 (21.57 - 29.66) 23.28 (19.71 - 27.28) 0.249
Southeast 26.43 (23.04 - 30.12) 25.53 (22.18 - 29.20) 0.598
Southwest 26.28 (22.10 - 30.93) 25.99 (22.05 - 30.36) 0.875
Kansas 25.16 (23.04 - 27.40) 23.79 (21.72 - 26.00) 0.162
Kansas City Metro 26.37 (23.32 - 29.67) 25.36 (22.29 - 28.70) 0.511
Northeast 24.60 (20.81 - 28.83) 22.97 (19.62 - 26.69) 0.324
South Central 24.27 (19.99 - 29.13) 22.11 (18.38 - 26.35) 0.200
Southeast 23.74 (19.42 - 28.68) 21.56 (17.67 - 26.04) 0.204
West 24.34 (20.38 - 28.78) 23.65 (19.90 - 27.85) 0.684
Wichita (Sedgwick) 25.13 (21.41 - 29.27) 23.88 (20.46 - 27.68) 0.463
Kentucky 20.57b (18.66 - 22.62) 22.18 (20.15 - 24.35) 0.089
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 16.79 (13.86 - 20.20) 18.90 (15.81 - 22.42) 0.139
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 24.06 (20.96 - 27.45) 26.38 (23.02 - 30.03) 0.142
Communicare and River Valley 19.25 (15.65 - 23.45) 19.88 (16.46 - 23.81) 0.675
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 19.42 (15.96 - 23.41) 19.79 (16.27 - 23.85) 0.810
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 17.27 (14.05 - 21.06) 19.69 (16.23 - 23.67) 0.101
Seven Counties 21.83 (18.36 - 25.74) 22.59 (19.32 - 26.24) 0.639
Louisiana 23.06 (21.08 - 25.16) 23.77 (21.82 - 25.84) 0.447
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 24.31 (21.18 - 27.73) --
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 24.65 (20.74 - 29.03) --
Region 10 (Jefferson) 22.60 (18.39 - 27.46) 23.97 (19.99 - 28.45) 0.455
Regions 2 and 9 24.51 (21.47 - 27.83) 23.64 (20.66 - 26.91) 0.560
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 24.23 (20.35 - 28.59) --
Regions 4, 5, and 6 21.40 (18.21 - 24.98) 23.98 (20.77 - 27.51) 0.103
Regions 7 and 8 22.97 (19.60 - 26.73) 22.96 (19.83 - 26.41) 0.993
Maine 22.68 (20.74 - 24.75) 21.49 (19.43 - 23.70) 0.228
Aroostook/Downeast 21.05 (17.63 - 24.94) 20.66 (17.56 - 24.15) 0.795
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 20.06 (16.31 - 24.40) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 21.16 (17.21 - 25.73) --
Central 21.86 (18.33 - 25.85) 21.36 (17.88 - 25.31) 0.776
Cumberland 25.39 (21.91 - 29.21) 23.00 (19.56 - 26.84) 0.160
Midcoast 21.17 (17.47 - 25.41) 19.41 (15.82 - 23.59) 0.302
Penquis 22.49 (18.97 - 26.45) 22.03 (18.82 - 25.61) 0.774
Western 21.26 (17.93 - 25.01) 22.03 (18.61 - 25.88) 0.624
York 23.68b (19.80 - 28.04) 20.66 (17.19 - 24.62) 0.086
Maryland 20.87 (18.73 - 23.18) 21.78 (19.76 - 23.95) 0.362
Anne Arundel 23.42 (19.48 - 27.89) 24.49 (20.30 - 29.22) 0.561
Baltimore City 20.91b (16.90 - 25.58) 24.17 (20.57 - 28.18) 0.066
Baltimore County 20.64 (16.89 - 24.99) 21.00 (17.68 - 24.75) 0.836
Montgomery 20.42 (16.87 - 24.51) 20.30 (17.02 - 24.02) 0.938
North Central 21.42 (17.59 - 25.83) 21.28 (17.61 - 25.47) 0.931
Northeast 20.61 (16.87 - 24.92) 20.43 (16.83 - 24.58) 0.914
Prince George's 19.01b (15.51 - 23.08) 21.81 (18.27 - 25.83) 0.098
South 21.41 (17.62 - 25.76) 21.50 (17.86 - 25.66) 0.956
West 21.68 (17.70 - 26.26) 22.12 (18.55 - 26.15) 0.802
Massachusetts 25.51 (23.58 - 27.55) 26.67 (24.52 - 28.94) 0.252
Boston 26.45a (22.33 - 31.03) 30.69 (26.73 - 34.96) 0.020
Central 25.42 (21.52 - 29.76) 26.50 (22.52 - 30.90) 0.552
Metrowest 23.97a (20.87 - 27.36) 27.05 (23.60 - 30.81) 0.049
Northeast 25.31 (21.84 - 29.12) 25.24 (21.81 - 29.00) 0.968
Southeast 25.15 (21.67 - 28.97) 24.76 (21.24 - 28.65) 0.824
Western 28.36 (24.50 - 32.57) 27.41 (23.49 - 31.71) 0.600
Michigan 25.71 (24.53 - 26.94) 25.23 (24.05 - 26.45) 0.458
Detroit City 21.80 (18.86 - 25.06) 21.04 (18.13 - 24.29) 0.613
Genesee 24.79 (21.35 - 28.59) 23.12 (19.98 - 26.59) 0.300
Kalamazoo 24.42 (21.34 - 27.78) 25.33 (22.30 - 28.63) 0.534
Kent 29.60 (25.95 - 33.54) 26.92 (23.73 - 30.37) 0.114
Lakeshore 24.95 (22.07 - 28.06) 24.72 (21.83 - 27.85) 0.870
Macomb 27.05 (23.91 - 30.44) 26.44 (23.51 - 29.59) 0.690
Mid South 25.69 (22.87 - 28.73) 25.43 (22.67 - 28.39) 0.853
Northern 26.37 (23.28 - 29.71) 26.16 (23.07 - 29.52) 0.896
Oakland 25.99 (23.24 - 28.95) 24.75 (22.17 - 27.53) 0.379
Pathways and Western 28.27 (24.51 - 32.36) 28.92 (25.24 - 32.90) 0.711
Riverhaven 31.66b (27.42 - 36.23) 28.45 (24.66 - 32.58) 0.088
Saginaw 24.49 (20.64 - 28.79) 26.09 (22.12 - 30.50) 0.387
Southeast 23.95 (21.30 - 26.83) 24.64 (22.07 - 27.42) 0.616
St. Clair 26.76a (23.11 - 30.76) 22.78 (19.53 - 26.39) 0.015
Washtenaw 25.35 (22.03 - 28.99) 26.26 (23.23 - 29.53) 0.555
Minnesota 27.14 (24.96 - 29.43) 26.93 (24.75 - 29.24) 0.847
Regions 1 and 2 27.38 (23.12 - 32.11) 25.59 (21.18 - 30.57) 0.360
Regions 3 and 4 28.71 (24.91 - 32.83) 26.50 (22.80 - 30.55) 0.234
Regions 5 and 6 27.86 (24.11 - 31.95) 28.20 (24.49 - 32.24) 0.852
Region 7A (Hennepin) 25.72 (21.93 - 29.91) 27.32 (23.75 - 31.22) 0.361
Region 7B (Ramsey) 22.77a (18.89 - 27.18) 27.10 (22.79 - 31.88) 0.017
Region 7C 28.36 (24.65 - 32.40) 26.34 (23.00 - 29.98) 0.226
Mississippi 19.80 (17.96 - 21.78) 19.71 (17.87 - 21.69) 0.914
Region 1 20.39b (17.44 - 23.69) 17.85 (15.14 - 20.92) 0.064
Region 2 19.81 (16.16 - 24.05) 20.49 (16.98 - 24.51) 0.664
Region 3 17.38b (14.23 - 21.05) 19.87 (16.69 - 23.47) 0.098
Region 4 19.37 (16.32 - 22.84) 19.47 (16.33 - 23.06) 0.944
Region 5 19.26 (15.50 - 23.68) 18.83 (15.06 - 23.27) 0.790
Region 6 22.30 (18.46 - 26.68) 21.88 (18.24 - 26.03) 0.800
Region 7 20.27 (16.84 - 24.18) 20.81 (17.46 - 24.60) 0.730
Missouri 23.74 (21.77 - 25.82) 23.06 (21.04 - 25.21) 0.481
Central 25.34 (21.42 - 29.70) 24.17 (20.50 - 28.25) 0.467
Eastern 24.03 (21.31 - 26.97) 23.07 (20.42 - 25.96) 0.463
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 22.37 (19.17 - 25.94) 21.50 (18.41 - 24.95) 0.585
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 26.94 (22.87 - 31.44) 25.79 (21.82 - 30.22) 0.543
Northwest 23.46 (20.66 - 26.51) 24.00 (21.15 - 27.10) 0.677
Northwest (Jackson) 22.87 (19.32 - 26.85) 23.96 (20.53 - 27.75) 0.513
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 23.97 (20.20 - 28.19) 24.04 (20.29 - 28.23) 0.967
Southeast 23.81 (19.93 - 28.16) 22.29 (18.75 - 26.29) 0.391
Southwest 22.07 (18.55 - 26.05) 21.19 (17.79 - 25.03) 0.601
Montana 27.71 (25.56 - 29.97) 26.64 (24.53 - 28.85) 0.312
Region 1 26.93 (22.54 - 31.83) 27.14 (22.85 - 31.91) 0.911
Region 2 24.53 (20.72 - 28.80) 25.12 (21.18 - 29.51) 0.741
Region 3 26.17 (22.46 - 30.25) 25.98 (22.58 - 29.69) 0.913
Region 4 31.75a (28.27 - 35.44) 27.85 (24.59 - 31.36) 0.022
Region 5 26.98 (23.54 - 30.73) 26.61 (23.58 - 29.87) 0.824
Nebraska 26.09 (23.97 - 28.32) 24.53 (22.40 - 26.79) 0.129
Regions 1 and 2 25.32 (21.72 - 29.29) 23.74 (20.34 - 27.52) 0.289
Region 1 24.21 (19.92 - 29.09) 23.58 (19.37 - 28.38) 0.727
Region 2 26.27 (21.42 - 31.77) 23.89 (19.61 - 28.77) 0.225
Region 3 23.16 (19.43 - 27.37) 21.94 (18.57 - 25.74) 0.484
Region 4 25.13 (20.91 - 29.88) 23.88 (19.89 - 28.39) 0.509
Region 5 28.01 (24.57 - 31.74) 25.76 (22.33 - 29.51) 0.174
Region 6 26.30 (23.28 - 29.57) 24.93 (22.07 - 28.03) 0.350
Nevada1 26.72 (24.31 - 29.27) 25.08 (22.63 - 27.70) 0.189
Clark - Region 1 26.72 (23.94 - 29.70) 24.61 (21.82 - 27.62) 0.139
Region 3 26.22b (21.87 - 31.09) 23.17 (19.48 - 27.32) 0.080
Capital District -- (-- - --) 24.59 (20.05 - 29.77) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 21.89 (17.40 - 27.15) --
Washoe - Region 2 27.10 (23.14 - 31.45) 28.74 (24.75 - 33.10) 0.399
New Hampshire 25.26 (23.18 - 27.45) 23.89 (21.81 - 26.11) 0.194
Central 25.87 (22.87 - 29.12) 24.29 (21.35 - 27.49) 0.256
Central 1 26.54 (22.61 - 30.89) 26.49 (22.79 - 30.55) 0.976
Central 2 25.23b (21.50 - 29.38) 22.16 (18.52 - 26.28) 0.081
Northern 25.21 (21.17 - 29.72) 23.50 (19.86 - 27.58) 0.322
Southern 24.97 (22.49 - 27.63) 23.79 (21.34 - 26.42) 0.340
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 25.76 (22.03 - 29.89) 24.96 (21.43 - 28.85) 0.644
Southern 2 24.48 (21.49 - 27.74) 23.06 (20.23 - 26.15) 0.347
New Jersey 24.53 (22.28 - 26.93) 23.54 (21.48 - 25.73) 0.369
Central 23.03 (19.54 - 26.93) 22.82 (19.47 - 26.55) 0.900
Metropolitan 23.36 (19.95 - 27.16) 24.01 (20.78 - 27.57) 0.691
Northern 25.42 (22.00 - 29.19) 24.15 (21.05 - 27.54) 0.440
Southern 26.14b (22.33 - 30.36) 22.87 (19.55 - 26.58) 0.067
New Mexico 22.26b (20.23 - 24.42) 20.55 (18.56 - 22.69) 0.084
Region 1 19.50 (16.57 - 22.80) 17.85 (15.07 - 21.01) 0.232
Region 2 23.28a (19.41 - 27.65) 19.40 (15.90 - 23.46) 0.024
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 23.43 (20.31 - 26.87) 21.83 (18.82 - 25.17) 0.306
Region 4 21.29 (17.62 - 25.50) 21.60 (18.25 - 25.38) 0.846
Region 5 23.06 (19.61 - 26.92) 21.44 (18.21 - 25.07) 0.290
New York 24.08 (22.90 - 25.30) 24.16 (22.97 - 25.40) 0.898
Region A 22.55b (20.85 - 24.34) 24.01 (22.39 - 25.71) 0.084
Region 1 22.78 (19.23 - 26.76) 24.46 (21.42 - 27.78) 0.285
Region 2 20.48b (18.03 - 23.18) 22.90 (20.40 - 25.62) 0.058
Region 3 29.11 (25.23 - 33.31) 28.02 (24.65 - 31.66) 0.529
Region 4 20.20 (17.49 - 23.21) 22.21 (19.34 - 25.38) 0.155
Region B 24.20 (22.33 - 26.17) 23.65 (21.84 - 25.55) 0.562
Region 5 24.46 (21.88 - 27.25) 24.09 (21.66 - 26.69) 0.778
Region 6 22.10 (19.04 - 25.51) 22.85 (19.76 - 26.26) 0.615
Region 7 26.55a (23.15 - 30.25) 23.43 (20.30 - 26.88) 0.047
Region C 25.50 (23.79 - 27.30) 24.93 (23.22 - 26.72) 0.510
Region 8 24.14 (21.11 - 27.46) 23.16 (20.17 - 26.45) 0.520
Region 9 24.59 (21.25 - 28.26) 24.40 (21.30 - 27.80) 0.910
Region 10 28.55a (24.71 - 32.71) 25.31 (21.87 - 29.09) 0.047
Region 11 24.60 (21.58 - 27.89) 26.04 (22.89 - 29.45) 0.349
Region 12 27.11 (23.87 - 30.61) 25.75 (22.65 - 29.11) 0.380
Region D 27.37a (24.85 - 30.03) 24.34 (22.08 - 26.76) 0.008
Region 13 27.13b (23.02 - 31.66) 23.95 (20.43 - 27.85) 0.057
Region 14 30.01a (26.01 - 34.34) 26.23 (22.46 - 30.39) 0.027
Region 15 24.97 (21.21 - 29.15) 22.83 (19.59 - 26.43) 0.197
North Carolina1 20.29b (18.39 - 22.34) 18.54 (16.57 - 20.69) 0.053
Alliance 20.58 (17.45 - 24.12) 18.67 (15.82 - 21.89) 0.178
Cardinal Innovations 20.50 (16.77 - 24.82) 18.00 (14.88 - 21.61) 0.102
CenterPoint/Guilford 19.55 (16.48 - 23.05) 17.99 (15.11 - 21.28) 0.217
CenterPoint 18.25 (14.51 - 22.69) 17.23 (13.66 - 21.50) 0.493
Guilford 21.03 (17.02 - 25.69) 18.81 (15.22 - 23.02) 0.180
CoastalCare 20.68 (16.72 - 25.29) 21.01 (17.05 - 25.61) 0.830
Eastpointe 19.79a (15.98 - 24.24) 15.76 (12.69 - 19.41) 0.006
ECBH 21.94b (18.10 - 26.34) 19.07 (15.33 - 23.45) 0.081
MeckLINK 21.70 (17.93 - 26.01) 20.49 (16.56 - 25.07) 0.487
Partners 19.00 (15.67 - 22.84) 18.47 (15.20 - 22.25) 0.718
Sandhills 19.71 (15.68 - 24.47) 18.06 (14.58 - 22.16) 0.293
Smoky Mountain 20.50 (16.60 - 25.04) 19.31 (15.47 - 23.83) 0.478
Western Highlands 19.10 (15.43 - 23.40) 17.91 (14.43 - 22.02) 0.456
North Dakota 29.90 (27.86 - 32.03) 30.25 (28.05 - 32.55) 0.742
Badlands and West Central 28.30 (25.00 - 31.85) 27.20 (23.74 - 30.97) 0.509
Lake Region and South Central 27.64 (23.50 - 32.20) 25.97 (22.01 - 30.37) 0.390
North Central and Northwest 29.17 (25.29 - 33.39) 28.67 (24.78 - 32.90) 0.779
Northeast 29.11b (25.15 - 33.42) 32.58 (28.75 - 36.65) 0.061
Southeast 33.61 (30.38 - 37.00) 35.39 (32.00 - 38.92) 0.278
Ohio 24.48 (23.37 - 25.63) 23.72 (22.60 - 24.87) 0.203
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 23.71 (20.64 - 27.08) 22.84 (19.60 - 26.44) 0.574
Boards 3, 52, and 85 25.21b (21.56 - 29.25) 22.35 (18.95 - 26.17) 0.080
Boards 4 and 78 24.63 (20.70 - 29.03) 23.96 (20.20 - 28.16) 0.706
Boards 5 and 60 25.59 (22.23 - 29.27) 25.09 (21.69 - 28.83) 0.757
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 22.56 (19.16 - 26.36) 20.66 (17.60 - 24.09) 0.239
Boards 8, 13, and 83 23.46 (20.05 - 27.25) 22.26 (19.19 - 25.68) 0.434
Board 9 (Butler) 27.99 (23.99 - 32.38) 25.72 (22.29 - 29.48) 0.192
Board 12 25.46 (21.92 - 29.36) 22.98 (19.60 - 26.75) 0.118
Boards 18 and 47 23.94 (21.53 - 26.53) 24.29 (21.87 - 26.87) 0.793
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 24.31 (20.67 - 28.37) 23.72 (20.25 - 27.58) 0.719
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 23.64 (20.19 - 27.48) 23.88 (20.62 - 27.46) 0.885
Boards 22, 74, and 87 26.99 (23.35 - 30.96) 24.34 (21.01 - 28.01) 0.107
Boards 23 and 45 24.12 (20.44 - 28.23) 23.28 (20.02 - 26.90) 0.614
Board 25 (Franklin) 25.43 (22.65 - 28.43) 26.69 (24.07 - 29.49) 0.386
Boards 27, 71, and 73 22.37 (19.05 - 26.08) 21.83 (18.70 - 25.32) 0.725
Boards 28, 43, and 67 26.30 (23.15 - 29.72) 25.20 (22.01 - 28.67) 0.485
Board 31 (Hamilton) 24.02 (20.74 - 27.63) 22.56 (19.80 - 25.59) 0.330
Board 48 (Lucas) 23.76 (20.36 - 27.53) 25.27 (21.80 - 29.09) 0.342
Boards 50 and 76 24.35 (21.18 - 27.82) 22.84 (19.93 - 26.04) 0.328
Board 57 (Montgomery) 21.57 (18.36 - 25.18) 20.71 (17.68 - 24.10) 0.564
Board 77 (Summit) 27.22b (23.61 - 31.16) 24.05 (21.02 - 27.36) 0.052
Oklahoma 22.16 (20.14 - 24.33) 21.48 (19.46 - 23.64) 0.462
Central 23.69 (19.96 - 27.87) 24.84 (20.92 - 29.21) 0.502
East Central 21.15 (17.34 - 25.53) 18.96 (15.52 - 22.95) 0.165
Northeast 20.33 (16.81 - 24.37) 19.54 (16.38 - 23.14) 0.609
Northwest and Southwest 22.34 (18.60 - 26.59) 22.02 (18.44 - 26.08) 0.843
Oklahoma County 22.70 (19.04 - 26.84) 22.54 (19.09 - 26.40) 0.920
Southeast 22.60 (18.99 - 26.68) 20.61 (17.17 - 24.54) 0.218
Tulsa County 22.08 (18.65 - 25.95) 21.24 (17.77 - 25.18) 0.594
Oregon 22.53 (20.46 - 24.74) 21.42 (19.50 - 23.48) 0.261
Region 1 (Multnomah) 23.86 (20.19 - 27.97) 25.08 (21.61 - 28.90) 0.474
Region 2 21.27 (17.95 - 25.02) 19.84 (16.75 - 23.34) 0.366
Region 3 23.40 (20.40 - 26.70) 21.82 (19.18 - 24.71) 0.286
Region 4 20.69 (17.14 - 24.75) 19.50 (16.29 - 23.17) 0.459
Region 5 (Central) 23.75 (19.47 - 28.64) 21.13 (17.28 - 25.57) 0.124
Region 6 (Eastern) 22.15a (18.09 - 26.81) 18.62 (14.89 - 23.03) 0.030
Pennsylvania 25.16 (23.96 - 26.41) 24.86 (23.67 - 26.09) 0.651
Region 1 (Allegheny) 26.98 (24.09 - 30.08) 27.56 (24.63 - 30.69) 0.704
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 24.21 (20.94 - 27.80) 24.91 (21.65 - 28.49) 0.648
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 25.63 (22.45 - 29.10) 24.07 (21.01 - 27.41) 0.300
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 22.85 (19.30 - 26.83) 22.58 (19.52 - 25.97) 0.873
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 27.49a (24.22 - 31.01) 24.37 (21.39 - 27.62) 0.043
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 25.51 (23.22 - 27.95) 25.75 (23.42 - 28.23) 0.850
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 25.32 (21.92 - 29.06) 23.83 (20.67 - 27.31) 0.350
Regions 17 and 21 24.70 (21.10 - 28.69) 27.06 (23.23 - 31.27) 0.166
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 22.72b (19.74 - 26.00) 20.34 (17.90 - 23.02) 0.087
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 25.06 (21.67 - 28.77) 23.69 (20.71 - 26.95) 0.391
Regions 29 and 34 22.97 (19.57 - 26.77) 23.76 (20.25 - 27.66) 0.630
Regions 30 and 50 26.85 (23.18 - 30.88) 24.56 (21.27 - 28.17) 0.172
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 26.12 (23.23 - 29.24) 28.44 (25.54 - 31.52) 0.129
Rhode Island 26.92b (24.57 - 29.42) 29.06 (26.65 - 31.60) 0.071
Bristol and Newport 25.03a (20.98 - 29.57) 30.65 (26.21 - 35.48) 0.004
Kent 23.50a (19.61 - 27.88) 27.94 (23.87 - 32.40) 0.022
Providence 28.29 (25.25 - 31.55) 29.00 (26.01 - 32.19) 0.649
Washington 26.82 (22.66 - 31.43) 29.16 (25.08 - 33.60) 0.209
South Carolina 21.65 (19.68 - 23.75) 23.03 (20.92 - 25.28) 0.176
Region 1 19.46 (16.39 - 22.94) 21.84 (18.73 - 25.32) 0.131
Region 2 22.12 (19.25 - 25.28) 22.45 (19.38 - 25.86) 0.826
Region 3 23.41 (19.47 - 27.87) 24.43 (20.55 - 28.77) 0.581
Region 4 22.11 (18.87 - 25.73) 23.91 (20.64 - 27.52) 0.278
South Dakota 29.25 (27.17 - 31.41) 28.00 (25.85 - 30.25) 0.251
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 26.47 (23.08 - 30.16) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 26.58 (22.34 - 31.31) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 30.07 (26.54 - 33.84) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 28.18 (24.37 - 32.33) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 27.96 (24.58 - 31.61) --
Tennessee 18.55 (16.68 - 20.58) 17.96 (16.11 - 19.96) 0.499
Region 1 18.80a (15.46 - 22.68) 15.51 (12.59 - 18.97) 0.019
Region 2 18.75 (15.55 - 22.42) 17.55 (14.60 - 20.96) 0.418
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 16.64 (13.78 - 19.96) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 20.04 (16.48 - 24.15) 21.30 (17.79 - 25.29) 0.427
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 19.21 (16.16 - 22.67) --
Region 6 18.39 (15.04 - 22.28) 17.11 (13.89 - 20.89) 0.361
Region 7 (Shelby) 18.63 (15.20 - 22.63) 17.44 (14.39 - 20.97) 0.419
Texas 23.93 (22.78 - 25.13) 23.62 (22.48 - 24.80) 0.635
Region 1 24.98 (21.55 - 28.76) 24.98 (21.68 - 28.61) 1.000
Region 2 23.58 (19.92 - 27.69) 22.37 (18.85 - 26.33) 0.453
Region 3 23.10 (21.19 - 25.14) 23.56 (21.75 - 25.48) 0.661
Region 3a 22.04 (19.71 - 24.57) 22.67 (20.48 - 25.03) 0.614
Region 3bc 24.96 (22.14 - 28.02) 25.11 (22.35 - 28.09) 0.923
Region 4 19.23 (16.13 - 22.77) 20.66 (17.59 - 24.11) 0.346
Region 5 24.20 (20.69 - 28.10) 22.01 (18.66 - 25.77) 0.189
Region 6 24.45 (22.36 - 26.67) 23.09 (21.09 - 25.23) 0.238
Region 6a 24.56 (22.30 - 26.96) 22.97 (20.80 - 25.30) 0.206
Region 6bc 23.60 (19.68 - 28.03) 24.08 (20.35 - 28.25) 0.776
Region 7 26.11 (23.69 - 28.68) 25.93 (23.68 - 28.32) 0.883
Region 7a 27.27 (24.18 - 30.60) 27.47 (24.46 - 30.69) 0.899
Region 7bcd 24.19 (20.86 - 27.85) 23.36 (20.39 - 26.62) 0.577
Region 8 25.25 (22.25 - 28.52) 24.02 (21.28 - 26.99) 0.396
Region 9 23.35 (19.73 - 27.41) 24.70 (20.88 - 28.97) 0.409
Region 10 22.88 (19.18 - 27.05) 23.31 (20.03 - 26.93) 0.796
Region 11 23.19 (20.67 - 25.92) 23.33 (20.77 - 26.09) 0.908
Region 11abd 24.13 (20.92 - 27.66) 24.15 (20.94 - 27.69) 0.985
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 21.47 (18.09 - 25.28) 21.86 (18.53 - 25.61) 0.789
Utah 13.64 (12.04 - 15.41) 14.95 (13.32 - 16.75) 0.134
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 12.56   (9.88 - 15.83) 12.78 (10.31 - 15.72) 0.856
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 13.78 (10.99 - 17.14) 15.47 (12.38 - 19.17) 0.240
Davis County 13.01 (10.37 - 16.19) 13.82 (11.11 - 17.06) 0.534
Salt Lake County 15.50 (13.16 - 18.17) 16.81 (14.50 - 19.40) 0.295
Utah County 10.34a   (8.29 - 12.82) 12.66 (10.28 - 15.49) 0.043
Weber, Morgan 14.49 (11.41 - 18.22) 15.28 (12.20 - 18.99) 0.574
Vermont 26.40a (24.38 - 28.53) 24.13 (22.14 - 26.25) 0.028
Champlain Valley 28.29 (25.42 - 31.34) 27.21 (24.48 - 30.12) 0.470
Rural Northeast 27.61a (23.98 - 31.57) 23.16 (19.85 - 26.83) 0.008
Rural Southeast 24.37b (20.83 - 28.29) 21.61 (18.42 - 25.17) 0.093
Rural Southwest 22.68 (19.12 - 26.69) 21.19 (17.88 - 24.92) 0.354
Virginia 23.72b (21.68 - 25.89) 21.95 (20.01 - 24.02) 0.064
Region 1 24.57b (21.07 - 28.43) 21.87 (18.76 - 25.34) 0.092
Region 2 21.28 (18.05 - 24.92) 20.69 (17.74 - 23.99) 0.697
Region 3 25.02b (21.41 - 29.02) 22.18 (18.93 - 25.82) 0.078
Region 4 25.10 (21.43 - 29.16) 22.71 (19.17 - 26.69) 0.144
Region 5 23.96 (20.70 - 27.56) 22.79 (19.74 - 26.17) 0.427
Washington 22.23 (20.25 - 24.35) 22.31 (20.31 - 24.45) 0.937
Region 1 22.17 (19.14 - 25.53) 22.80 (19.77 - 26.15) 0.627
East 1 (previously Region 1) 23.21 (19.47 - 27.44) 23.95 (20.13 - 28.24) 0.656
East 2 (previously Region 2) 20.75 (16.76 - 25.41) 21.25 (17.47 - 25.58) 0.759
Region 2 22.13 (19.65 - 24.83) 22.27 (19.79 - 24.97) 0.910
North 1 (previously Region 3) 22.14 (18.52 - 26.23) 23.06 (19.75 - 26.73) 0.571
North 2 (previously Region 4) 22.13 (19.20 - 25.38) 21.82 (18.85 - 25.12) 0.835
Region 3 22.41 (19.71 - 25.36) 22.03 (19.37 - 24.93) 0.760
West 1 (previously Region 5) 23.60 (19.99 - 27.64) 24.45 (20.74 - 28.59) 0.605
West 2 (previously Region 6) 21.30 (17.94 - 25.10) 19.78 (16.66 - 23.33) 0.314
West Virginia 20.45 (18.52 - 22.53) 19.90 (18.05 - 21.88) 0.542
Region I 20.36 (16.53 - 24.81) 20.82 (17.07 - 25.14) 0.790
Region II 21.43 (17.63 - 25.79) 21.11 (17.61 - 25.09) 0.854
Region III 19.56 (16.00 - 23.69) 18.46 (15.11 - 22.34) 0.477
Region IV 21.44b (18.21 - 25.06) 24.17 (21.14 - 27.49) 0.078
Region V 21.34a (18.41 - 24.59) 17.62 (15.07 - 20.49) 0.005
Region VI 17.71 (14.49 - 21.46) 17.75 (14.74 - 21.23) 0.977
Wisconsin 29.20 (26.98 - 31.52) 28.47 (26.11 - 30.96) 0.527
Milwaukee 25.17 (21.25 - 29.53) 27.06 (23.07 - 31.46) 0.313
Northeastern 28.13 (24.52 - 32.04) 27.38 (23.91 - 31.14) 0.664
Northern 29.64 (24.89 - 34.88) 27.10 (22.46 - 32.30) 0.214
Southeastern 28.27 (24.22 - 32.71) 29.60 (25.34 - 34.25) 0.511
Southern 33.95a (29.62 - 38.56) 29.81 (25.86 - 34.09) 0.033
Western 29.93 (25.83 - 34.37) 29.19 (25.31 - 33.39) 0.695
Wyoming 22.77 (20.88 - 24.78) 22.60 (20.60 - 24.72) 0.858
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 22.58 (19.05 - 26.54) 21.56 (18.26 - 25.27) 0.532
Judicial District 2 27.56 (23.56 - 31.95) 28.95 (25.24 - 32.98) 0.425
Judicial District 3 20.76 (17.49 - 24.44) 20.21 (16.99 - 23.86) 0.732
Judicial District 4 19.67 (15.90 - 24.07) 20.90 (17.25 - 25.09) 0.453
Judicial District 5 20.98 (17.43 - 25.02) 20.31 (16.66 - 24.53) 0.694
Judicial District 6 27.58b (23.34 - 32.27) 24.31 (20.43 - 28.65) 0.080
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 22.86 (19.28 - 26.88) 23.48 (19.96 - 27.40) 0.714
Judicial District 8 21.35 (17.41 - 25.90) 21.93 (18.22 - 26.15) 0.736
Judicial District 9 21.91 (18.19 - 26.15) 22.45 (18.60 - 26.85) 0.754
140403
Table 10 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 42.12b (41.69 - 42.55) 42.54 (42.11 - 42.97) 0.090
Northeast 39.84a (39.00 - 40.67) 40.88 (40.06 - 41.70) 0.021
Midwest 38.77 (38.12 - 39.43) 38.25 (37.59 - 38.90) 0.136
South 44.55 (43.89 - 45.22) 44.77 (44.12 - 45.42) 0.558
West 43.25a (42.38 - 44.13) 44.29 (43.42 - 45.16) 0.035
Alabama 45.73 (43.18 - 48.29) 45.00 (42.52 - 47.51) 0.589
Region 1 45.51 (41.60 - 49.47) 45.20 (41.19 - 49.28) 0.880
Region 2 45.78 (42.03 - 49.57) 43.36 (39.62 - 47.18) 0.230
Region 3 47.45 (43.08 - 51.86) 48.41 (44.21 - 52.63) 0.656
Region 4 44.55 (40.47 - 48.71) 44.39 (40.18 - 48.69) 0.938
Alaska 41.53 (38.91 - 44.20) 40.02 (37.39 - 42.71) 0.266
Anchorage 44.56 (41.04 - 48.13) 41.75 (38.25 - 45.34) 0.121
Northern 39.82 (35.63 - 44.17) 38.37 (34.33 - 42.57) 0.471
South Central 38.37 (34.16 - 42.75) 39.20 (34.75 - 43.83) 0.705
Southeast 40.76 (36.08 - 45.61) 38.83 (34.27 - 43.59) 0.384
Arizona 43.27 (40.36 - 46.22) 44.33 (41.55 - 47.15) 0.458
Maricopa 43.90 (40.36 - 47.49) 43.85 (40.44 - 47.33) 0.982
Pima 42.38 (37.66 - 47.23) 44.17 (39.33 - 49.13) 0.439
Rural North 41.20 (36.40 - 46.17) 44.31 (39.23 - 49.51) 0.190
Rural South 43.24 (38.56 - 48.05) 46.65 (41.30 - 52.08) 0.136
Arkansas 44.33 (41.67 - 47.02) 43.95 (41.34 - 46.58) 0.775
Catchment Area 1 42.90 (38.42 - 47.50) 42.75 (38.29 - 47.33) 0.944
Catchment Area 2 43.09 (38.23 - 48.08) 41.45 (36.45 - 46.63) 0.490
Catchment Area 3 43.97 (39.43 - 48.62) 44.05 (39.28 - 48.92) 0.975
Catchment Area 4 43.57 (38.66 - 48.61) 44.03 (39.11 - 49.08) 0.847
Catchment Area 5 42.62 (38.45 - 46.90) 41.70 (37.24 - 46.30) 0.667
Catchment Area 6 47.26 (42.23 - 52.34) 47.25 (42.00 - 52.57) 0.999
Catchment Area 7 46.26 (41.19 - 51.41) 45.49 (40.47 - 50.59) 0.747
Catchment Area 8 46.20 (41.89 - 50.56) 46.24 (41.94 - 50.60) 0.985
California 44.15a (42.74 - 45.56) 46.47 (45.10 - 47.84) 0.003
Region 1R 37.13a (33.02 - 41.44) 41.69 (37.38 - 46.14) 0.023
Region 2R 39.48 (35.43 - 43.69) 39.85 (35.38 - 44.50) 0.862
Region 3R (Sacramento) 41.09a (37.00 - 45.32) 46.32 (42.01 - 50.68) 0.011
Region 4R 41.78 (37.80 - 45.88) 43.24 (38.98 - 47.60) 0.462
Region 5R (San Francisco) 40.16 (35.39 - 45.12) 43.69 (38.82 - 48.68) 0.137
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 44.38 (40.32 - 48.53) 45.05 (40.72 - 49.45) 0.747
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 44.82 (40.44 - 49.28) 45.93 (41.41 - 50.51) 0.594
Region 8R (Alameda) 43.57 (39.41 - 47.83) 46.35 (42.09 - 50.65) 0.169
Region 9R (San Mateo) 42.66 (38.22 - 47.22) 45.65 (40.75 - 50.63) 0.180
Region 10 43.90 (39.81 - 48.08) 43.71 (39.49 - 48.03) 0.924
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 46.98a (45.07 - 48.91) 49.22 (47.23 - 51.21) 0.036
LA SPA 1 and 5 41.82 (37.50 - 46.28) 45.25 (40.68 - 49.91) 0.109
LA SPA 2 47.48 (43.51 - 51.48) 48.00 (43.99 - 52.04) 0.795
LA SPA 3 46.09a (42.22 - 50.01) 52.10 (47.98 - 56.19) 0.005
LA SPA 4 46.75 (42.67 - 50.86) 46.14 (41.65 - 50.69) 0.766
LA SPA 6 50.37 (46.41 - 54.32) 53.43 (49.05 - 57.77) 0.123
LA SPA 7 50.21 (46.24 - 54.17) 52.92 (48.66 - 57.13) 0.183
LA SPA 8 46.21 (42.36 - 50.11) 46.98 (42.73 - 51.28) 0.705
Region 12R 41.44b (37.13 - 45.89) 45.12 (40.48 - 49.85) 0.077
Regions 13 and 19R 43.66a (40.08 - 47.32) 47.36 (43.74 - 51.00) 0.045
Region 13 (Riverside) 43.27b (39.47 - 47.16) 47.03 (43.18 - 50.92) 0.055
Region 19R (Imperial) 48.71 (44.46 - 52.97) 51.51 (46.59 - 56.39) 0.170
Region 14 (Orange) 43.65 (40.20 - 47.16) 46.29 (42.78 - 49.85) 0.147
Region 15R (Fresno) 45.85 (41.78 - 49.98) 48.69 (44.32 - 53.09) 0.159
Region 16R (San Diego) 42.37 (38.98 - 45.83) 45.10 (41.85 - 48.39) 0.113
Region 17R 45.92 (42.18 - 49.71) 45.47 (41.41 - 49.59) 0.819
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 45.98 (42.46 - 49.55) 48.75 (44.93 - 52.58) 0.117
Region 20R 44.42 (40.30 - 48.62) 46.06 (41.65 - 50.55) 0.430
Region 21R 41.63 (37.51 - 45.87) 44.11 (39.73 - 48.59) 0.210
Colorado 39.24 (36.59 - 41.95) 38.34 (35.81 - 40.94) 0.497
Region 1 37.47 (33.05 - 42.12) 36.82 (32.37 - 41.50) 0.770
Regions 2 and 7 39.60 (36.27 - 43.02) 39.09 (35.82 - 42.46) 0.773
Region 3 38.53 (34.32 - 42.92) 37.21 (33.11 - 41.51) 0.524
Region 4 43.63 (38.61 - 48.79) 42.56 (37.36 - 47.94) 0.644
Regions 5 and 6 38.26 (33.67 - 43.07) 35.80 (31.14 - 40.75) 0.265
Connecticut 41.15 (38.45 - 43.90) 42.71 (40.01 - 45.45) 0.259
Eastern 36.41 (32.03 - 41.02) 39.22 (34.82 - 43.80) 0.190
North Central 42.47 (38.56 - 46.47) 42.27 (38.09 - 46.57) 0.924
Northwestern 40.92 (36.55 - 45.45) 42.90 (38.39 - 47.54) 0.376
South Central 40.34 (35.97 - 44.88) 42.60 (38.19 - 47.13) 0.300
Southwest 43.49 (38.89 - 48.20) 45.63 (41.22 - 50.12) 0.345
Delaware 40.64 (37.96 - 43.37) 41.30 (38.75 - 43.89) 0.632
Kent 41.17 (36.83 - 45.65) 42.47 (38.15 - 46.91) 0.535
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 40.06 (36.68 - 43.54) 40.49 (37.19 - 43.89) 0.809
Sussex 39.29 (34.97 - 43.79) 40.99 (36.71 - 45.42) 0.466
Wilmington City 46.36 (41.45 - 51.34) 44.62 (39.80 - 49.55) 0.455
District of Columbia 40.56 (37.90 - 43.27) 40.06 (37.56 - 42.62) 0.708
Ward 1 40.79 (36.47 - 45.25) 37.42 (32.84 - 42.24) 0.138
Ward 2 30.95 (26.85 - 35.37) 28.67 (24.80 - 32.88) 0.249
Ward 3 34.23 (29.97 - 38.77) 35.33 (30.94 - 39.98) 0.599
Ward 4 43.16 (38.38 - 48.08) 43.20 (38.27 - 48.27) 0.987
Ward 5 44.10 (39.18 - 49.15) 43.95 (39.50 - 48.49) 0.943
Ward 6 40.81 (36.08 - 45.71) 37.89 (33.05 - 42.98) 0.216
Ward 7 47.48 (42.97 - 52.04) 48.91 (44.00 - 53.84) 0.522
Ward 8 46.36 (42.04 - 50.74) 48.03 (43.56 - 52.53) 0.435
Florida 45.91a (44.46 - 47.37) 47.62 (46.18 - 49.06) 0.033
Region A - Northwest 43.58 (40.85 - 46.35) 42.56 (39.90 - 45.26) 0.454
Circuit 1 43.75 (39.67 - 47.92) 42.29 (38.48 - 46.20) 0.469
Circuit 2 43.97 (39.62 - 48.41) 43.30 (39.06 - 47.64) 0.748
Circuit 14 42.68 (38.23 - 47.25) 42.20 (37.44 - 47.11) 0.823
Region B - Northeast 42.72b (40.18 - 45.31) 44.88 (42.34 - 47.44) 0.091
Circuits 3 and 8 41.33 (37.33 - 45.45) 42.24 (38.08 - 46.51) 0.652
Circuit 4 43.48a (39.67 - 47.37) 47.75 (43.69 - 51.83) 0.030
Circuit 7 42.66 (38.67 - 46.75) 42.97 (38.93 - 47.11) 0.875
Region C - Central 44.35 (42.22 - 46.50) 45.37 (43.12 - 47.64) 0.381
Circuit 5 44.59 (40.54 - 48.71) 45.10 (40.30 - 50.00) 0.817
Circuit 9 46.94 (43.17 - 50.74) 47.54 (44.10 - 51.00) 0.755
Circuit 10 44.19 (40.18 - 48.28) 44.88 (40.59 - 49.25) 0.740
Circuit 18 41.93 (37.99 - 45.97) 42.63 (38.46 - 46.92) 0.740
Circuit 19 42.39 (37.95 - 46.96) 45.82 (41.07 - 50.65) 0.133
Region D - Southeast 48.16 (45.49 - 50.84) 49.33 (46.59 - 52.08) 0.422
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 45.08 (41.05 - 49.18) 46.20 (42.14 - 50.32) 0.595
Circuit 17 (Broward) 50.47 (47.11 - 53.82) 51.73 (48.19 - 55.25) 0.499
Region E - Sun Coast 43.18 (40.94 - 45.45) 43.31 (41.03 - 45.63) 0.915
Circuit 6 40.73 (36.97 - 44.61) 40.68 (36.68 - 44.80) 0.980
Circuit 12 43.38 (38.74 - 48.13) 41.60 (37.14 - 46.20) 0.442
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 45.55 (41.97 - 49.18) 46.38 (42.73 - 50.06) 0.665
Circuit 20 43.65 (39.73 - 47.65) 44.39 (40.08 - 48.78) 0.731
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 55.58a (52.34 - 58.78) 62.73 (59.61 - 65.74) 0.000
Georgia 46.01 (43.21 - 48.84) 44.31 (41.84 - 46.81) 0.203
Region 1 44.40 (40.29 - 48.57) 42.89 (38.89 - 47.00) 0.465
Region 2 46.81 (42.13 - 51.56) 44.09 (39.78 - 48.49) 0.225
Region 3 47.18 (43.01 - 51.39) 45.00 (41.09 - 48.97) 0.291
Region 4 47.18 (42.23 - 52.19) 46.66 (41.48 - 51.91) 0.829
Region 5 44.59 (39.85 - 49.42) 45.50 (40.43 - 50.66) 0.696
Region 6 46.21 (41.59 - 50.91) 43.69 (39.11 - 48.39) 0.258
Hawaii 40.12 (37.37 - 42.95) 40.71 (38.06 - 43.43) 0.689
Hawaii Island 39.00 (34.50 - 43.70) 40.08 (35.38 - 44.98) 0.637
Honolulu 40.19 (36.98 - 43.48) 40.42 (37.34 - 43.58) 0.891
Kauai and Maui 40.82 (36.62 - 45.15) 42.48 (38.08 - 47.01) 0.406
Kauai 40.06 (34.81 - 45.55) 40.16 (34.63 - 45.94) 0.969
Maui 41.16 (36.23 - 46.27) 43.50 (38.24 - 48.91) 0.329
Idaho 39.67 (37.23 - 42.16) 38.49 (36.04 - 41.00) 0.360
Region 1 38.15 (33.86 - 42.64) 36.53 (31.84 - 41.49) 0.471
Region 2 37.38 (32.72 - 42.29) 35.02 (30.36 - 39.99) 0.279
Region 3 42.09 (37.90 - 46.39) 40.13 (35.74 - 44.68) 0.366
Region 4 37.58 (33.87 - 41.44) 36.76 (32.87 - 40.83) 0.689
Region 5 42.39 (37.87 - 47.04) 41.21 (36.70 - 45.87) 0.601
Region 6 39.29 (35.18 - 43.55) 38.52 (34.06 - 43.17) 0.718
Region 7 42.14 (37.80 - 46.61) 41.90 (37.40 - 46.54) 0.911
Illinois 40.87 (39.49 - 42.26) 41.43 (40.02 - 42.86) 0.467
Region I (Cook) 43.74 (41.47 - 46.04) 43.09 (40.87 - 45.33) 0.607
Region II 40.51 (38.30 - 42.75) 42.15 (39.89 - 44.44) 0.183
Region III 37.62 (34.79 - 40.54) 37.79 (34.70 - 40.98) 0.919
Region IV 36.35 (32.99 - 39.84) 37.98 (34.46 - 41.62) 0.371
Region V 37.24 (34.22 - 40.36) 38.93 (35.70 - 42.26) 0.308
Indiana 40.22 (37.76 - 42.73) 38.65 (36.16 - 41.20) 0.205
Central 42.00 (37.89 - 46.22) 40.21 (36.10 - 44.46) 0.386
East 41.05 (36.24 - 46.05) 38.53 (34.05 - 43.22) 0.244
North Central 40.38 (35.98 - 44.93) 37.79 (33.32 - 42.47) 0.227
Northeast 39.15 (34.67 - 43.84) 36.91 (32.40 - 41.66) 0.311
Northwest 42.21 (37.74 - 46.82) 40.58 (36.00 - 45.33) 0.444
Southeast 37.84 (33.34 - 42.56) 38.13 (33.52 - 42.96) 0.899
Southwest 39.25 (34.70 - 44.00) 38.82 (33.89 - 43.99) 0.854
West 37.04 (33.07 - 41.19) 36.18 (31.92 - 40.67) 0.660
Iowa 36.61 (34.18 - 39.11) 36.46 (34.00 - 38.99) 0.904
Central 39.36 (35.28 - 43.60) 38.25 (34.18 - 42.50) 0.584
North Central 36.86 (32.60 - 41.34) 37.76 (32.97 - 42.80) 0.678
Northeast 33.96 (30.22 - 37.90) 33.93 (30.08 - 38.01) 0.991
Northwest 37.23 (32.88 - 41.79) 36.65 (32.13 - 41.41) 0.790
Southeast 35.60 (31.83 - 39.56) 36.21 (32.20 - 40.42) 0.753
Southwest 39.00 (34.45 - 43.75) 38.17 (33.43 - 43.14) 0.710
Kansas 39.24 (36.66 - 41.88) 38.04 (35.54 - 40.61) 0.369
Kansas City Metro 37.10 (33.72 - 40.61) 38.03 (34.48 - 41.72) 0.623
Northeast 38.48 (34.23 - 42.92) 36.81 (32.47 - 41.36) 0.420
South Central 40.15 (35.31 - 45.19) 36.94 (32.28 - 41.84) 0.169
Southeast 38.77 (33.97 - 43.79) 37.58 (32.78 - 42.64) 0.604
West 42.10 (37.34 - 47.02) 39.75 (35.01 - 44.70) 0.302
Wichita (Sedgwick) 42.04 (37.54 - 46.67) 39.37 (35.13 - 43.77) 0.215
Kentucky 42.79 (40.17 - 45.46) 42.25 (39.65 - 44.90) 0.690
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 42.99 (38.61 - 47.49) 43.55 (39.17 - 48.03) 0.814
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 40.63 (36.89 - 44.49) 38.66 (34.65 - 42.83) 0.323
Communicare and River Valley 41.70 (36.76 - 46.82) 43.10 (38.35 - 47.98) 0.543
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 43.05 (38.55 - 47.66) 43.33 (38.47 - 48.32) 0.902
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 44.17 (39.47 - 48.98) 42.86 (37.65 - 48.23) 0.593
Seven Counties 45.23 (40.93 - 49.60) 44.80 (40.49 - 49.20) 0.844
Louisiana 46.05a (43.44 - 48.68) 43.31 (40.85 - 45.81) 0.035
Regions 1 and 10 -- (-- - --) 43.89 (40.05 - 47.82) --
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 44.59 (39.75 - 49.54) --
Region 10 (Jefferson) 45.47 (40.54 - 50.49) 43.20 (38.27 - 48.27) 0.327
Regions 2 and 9 45.59a (41.73 - 49.50) 41.49 (37.64 - 45.46) 0.031
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 44.36 (39.63 - 49.20) --
Regions 4, 5, and 6 44.91 (40.85 - 49.03) 42.19 (38.23 - 46.26) 0.187
Regions 7 and 8 47.74 (43.51 - 52.00) 46.18 (42.05 - 50.37) 0.455
Maine 37.30 (34.73 - 39.95) 37.50 (34.86 - 40.22) 0.885
Aroostook/Downeast 38.82 (34.21 - 43.64) 37.59 (33.49 - 41.88) 0.560
Aroostook -- (-- - --) 37.67 (32.53 - 43.10) --
Downeast -- (-- - --) 37.52 (32.43 - 42.91) --
Central 35.99 (31.48 - 40.77) 36.47 (31.81 - 41.41) 0.833
Cumberland 36.72 (32.67 - 40.96) 39.65 (35.24 - 44.22) 0.181
Midcoast 39.17 (34.33 - 44.25) 37.81 (32.91 - 42.98) 0.571
Penquis 36.11 (31.69 - 40.78) 35.42 (31.22 - 39.86) 0.750
Western 36.93 (32.84 - 41.22) 37.63 (33.17 - 42.32) 0.752
York 37.92 (33.43 - 42.63) 36.70 (32.20 - 41.45) 0.595
Maryland 43.50 (40.83 - 46.20) 43.43 (40.79 - 46.10) 0.959
Anne Arundel 41.25 (36.31 - 46.37) 41.18 (36.20 - 46.35) 0.977
Baltimore City 48.10 (43.22 - 53.01) 46.88 (42.26 - 51.56) 0.614
Baltimore County 41.67 (36.70 - 46.83) 43.72 (38.98 - 48.58) 0.400
Montgomery 43.75 (39.14 - 48.47) 44.92 (40.37 - 49.56) 0.610
North Central 41.23 (36.60 - 46.01) 40.96 (36.01 - 46.11) 0.909
Northeast 39.28 (34.56 - 44.20) 38.81 (34.04 - 43.80) 0.840
Prince George's 49.45 (44.62 - 54.29) 46.69 (41.85 - 51.60) 0.234
South 42.75 (38.03 - 47.62) 44.06 (39.20 - 49.03) 0.573
West 39.37 (34.66 - 44.28) 38.57 (33.78 - 43.60) 0.733
Massachusetts 36.04a (33.59 - 38.57) 38.81 (36.37 - 41.32) 0.030
Boston 38.70 (34.24 - 43.36) 38.32 (33.75 - 43.09) 0.859
Central 34.10b (29.85 - 38.63) 37.94 (33.42 - 42.69) 0.075
Metrowest 36.88 (33.06 - 40.88) 38.88 (34.75 - 43.18) 0.328
Northeast 36.19 (32.17 - 40.42) 39.32 (35.24 - 43.56) 0.127
Southeast 33.66a (29.73 - 37.83) 38.43 (34.27 - 42.76) 0.022
Western 37.52 (33.34 - 41.89) 39.86 (35.60 - 44.28) 0.267
Michigan 39.16 (37.82 - 40.53) 39.51 (38.16 - 40.88) 0.648
Detroit City 51.12 (47.48 - 54.74) 51.29 (47.55 - 55.02) 0.929
Genesee 37.05 (33.08 - 41.19) 38.58 (34.66 - 42.65) 0.460
Kalamazoo 37.77 (34.32 - 41.34) 39.84 (36.15 - 43.65) 0.272
Kent 38.23b (34.68 - 41.91) 41.72 (38.00 - 45.55) 0.065
Lakeshore 37.13 (33.67 - 40.73) 38.00 (34.57 - 41.55) 0.621
Macomb 37.72 (34.44 - 41.12) 39.75 (36.38 - 43.22) 0.247
Mid South 35.31 (32.10 - 38.65) 34.88 (31.69 - 38.21) 0.792
Northern 37.89b (34.38 - 41.53) 34.65 (31.16 - 38.31) 0.075
Oakland 40.23 (37.05 - 43.48) 39.93 (36.65 - 43.29) 0.866
Pathways and Western 35.83 (31.72 - 40.16) 36.61 (32.65 - 40.75) 0.688
Riverhaven 35.51 (31.71 - 39.51) 36.15 (32.14 - 40.35) 0.739
Saginaw 39.11 (35.01 - 43.37) 38.65 (34.13 - 43.38) 0.825
Southeast 40.92 (37.84 - 44.07) 41.10 (37.94 - 44.32) 0.917
St. Clair 37.91 (34.11 - 41.87) 39.64 (35.34 - 44.10) 0.392
Washtenaw 38.31 (34.65 - 42.11) 39.54 (35.88 - 43.31) 0.505
Minnesota 36.37 (33.87 - 38.95) 36.57 (34.13 - 39.07) 0.880
Regions 1 and 2 35.13 (30.78 - 39.74) 38.13 (33.15 - 43.38) 0.182
Regions 3 and 4 33.92 (30.06 - 38.00) 36.22 (32.16 - 40.48) 0.238
Regions 5 and 6 35.98 (32.04 - 40.13) 35.73 (31.51 - 40.18) 0.906
Region 7A (Hennepin) 38.06 (33.84 - 42.47) 37.05 (33.03 - 41.26) 0.634
Region 7B (Ramsey) 39.57 (34.99 - 44.34) 38.05 (33.22 - 43.13) 0.492
Region 7C 36.24 (32.26 - 40.41) 35.72 (31.93 - 39.69) 0.800
Mississippi 48.51 (45.96 - 51.06) 46.59 (44.11 - 49.09) 0.137
Region 1 47.45 (43.35 - 51.59) 45.93 (41.89 - 50.03) 0.467
Region 2 52.61 (47.84 - 57.32) 50.32 (45.59 - 55.04) 0.313
Region 3 49.35 (44.98 - 53.73) 45.91 (41.38 - 50.51) 0.102
Region 4 48.80 (44.74 - 52.88) 46.82 (42.61 - 51.07) 0.339
Region 5 49.88 (44.94 - 54.83) 47.08 (41.69 - 52.54) 0.237
Region 6 46.15 (41.44 - 50.92) 46.55 (42.12 - 51.03) 0.850
Region 7 46.36 (41.79 - 50.99) 44.76 (40.20 - 49.40) 0.476
Missouri 39.13a (36.61 - 41.70) 36.02 (33.58 - 38.53) 0.013
Central 39.37b (35.05 - 43.87) 35.46 (31.20 - 39.96) 0.056
Eastern 39.23 (35.87 - 42.70) 36.95 (33.58 - 40.45) 0.177
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 40.56 (36.52 - 44.72) 38.37 (34.22 - 42.70) 0.295
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 36.89 (32.39 - 41.63) 34.48 (30.07 - 39.18) 0.268
Northwest 41.17a (37.61 - 44.82) 36.77 (33.23 - 40.45) 0.011
Northwest (Jackson) 44.35a (39.81 - 48.98) 39.90 (35.34 - 44.64) 0.047
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 38.44a (33.96 - 43.12) 34.12 (29.70 - 38.85) 0.047
Southeast 38.04a (33.59 - 42.70) 33.76 (29.41 - 38.39) 0.048
Southwest 36.31 (32.09 - 40.74) 34.99 (30.78 - 39.44) 0.532
Montana 36.82 (34.32 - 39.38) 36.88 (34.53 - 39.30) 0.958
Region 1 37.39 (32.64 - 42.40) 37.98 (33.30 - 42.89) 0.788
Region 2 39.45 (35.00 - 44.07) 39.61 (35.28 - 44.12) 0.939
Region 3 38.90 (35.00 - 42.95) 37.58 (33.58 - 41.76) 0.528
Region 4 34.57 (30.87 - 38.46) 34.32 (30.62 - 38.22) 0.899
Region 5 36.00 (32.28 - 39.89) 37.09 (33.55 - 40.77) 0.594
Nebraska 35.23 (32.71 - 37.83) 37.23 (34.76 - 39.76) 0.126
Regions 1 and 2 36.37 (32.40 - 40.54) 39.04 (35.03 - 43.20) 0.152
Region 1 37.24 (32.50 - 42.25) 39.82 (34.63 - 45.24) 0.289
Region 2 35.63 (30.67 - 40.93) 38.36 (33.27 - 43.71) 0.251
Region 3 37.00 (32.51 - 41.73) 37.44 (33.16 - 41.92) 0.842
Region 4 34.59 (30.01 - 39.47) 37.39 (32.69 - 42.33) 0.217
Region 5 36.02 (32.18 - 40.05) 37.17 (33.19 - 41.33) 0.555
Region 6 34.07 (30.77 - 37.54) 36.71 (33.21 - 40.36) 0.142
Nevada1 43.98 (41.13 - 46.88) 42.27 (39.28 - 45.32) 0.283
Clark - Region 1 43.95 (40.65 - 47.30) 43.18 (39.66 - 46.77) 0.684
Region 3 43.92b (39.05 - 48.91) 39.91 (35.63 - 44.35) 0.057
Capital District -- (-- - --) 40.27 (34.90 - 45.88) --
Rural/Frontier -- (-- - --) 39.58 (34.34 - 45.08) --
Washoe - Region 2 44.17b (39.65 - 48.78) 39.97 (35.50 - 44.61) 0.069
New Hampshire 36.71 (34.13 - 39.36) 37.73 (35.22 - 40.30) 0.437
Central 36.18 (32.81 - 39.69) 37.01 (33.55 - 40.59) 0.631
Central 1 35.83 (31.70 - 40.17) 36.33 (31.95 - 40.94) 0.818
Central 2 36.51 (32.08 - 41.18) 37.66 (33.16 - 42.39) 0.607
Northern 34.77 (30.19 - 39.65) 38.08 (33.26 - 43.15) 0.145
Southern 37.39 (34.37 - 40.51) 38.00 (35.05 - 41.04) 0.694
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 35.12 (30.86 - 39.63) 35.61 (31.68 - 39.74) 0.815
Southern 2 38.80 (35.16 - 42.57) 39.49 (35.78 - 43.32) 0.716
New Jersey 41.18 (38.50 - 43.91) 42.67 (40.06 - 45.33) 0.284
Central 40.32 (36.01 - 44.78) 38.32 (34.03 - 42.79) 0.370
Metropolitan 44.04 (40.03 - 48.12) 47.21 (43.05 - 51.42) 0.136
Northern 42.28 (38.33 - 46.34) 43.79 (39.77 - 47.90) 0.465
Southern 37.38 (33.15 - 41.82) 40.58 (36.43 - 44.87) 0.138
New Mexico 47.04 (44.34 - 49.75) 47.92 (45.08 - 50.76) 0.533
Region 1 45.88 (41.87 - 49.95) 48.86 (44.47 - 53.28) 0.164
Region 2 48.46 (43.58 - 53.38) 50.79 (45.78 - 55.80) 0.327
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 48.80 (44.98 - 52.63) 47.56 (43.18 - 51.98) 0.566
Region 4 45.17 (40.58 - 49.85) 45.81 (41.21 - 50.49) 0.760
Region 5 45.48 (41.16 - 49.87) 46.73 (42.39 - 51.12) 0.565
New York 41.87 (40.40 - 43.35) 42.97 (41.44 - 44.51) 0.184
Region A 46.15 (44.05 - 48.27) 46.42 (44.29 - 48.56) 0.813
Region 1 50.76 (46.82 - 54.69) 53.14 (49.03 - 57.20) 0.250
Region 2 46.60 (43.39 - 49.84) 46.84 (43.57 - 50.14) 0.891
Region 3 40.42 (36.31 - 44.67) 40.72 (36.86 - 44.70) 0.886
Region 4 47.13 (43.35 - 50.95) 46.10 (42.32 - 49.94) 0.592
Region B 41.23 (39.03 - 43.47) 43.01 (40.78 - 45.26) 0.144
Region 5 41.94 (38.87 - 45.07) 43.44 (40.55 - 46.38) 0.357
Region 6 41.45 (37.68 - 45.33) 43.48 (39.40 - 47.65) 0.328
Region 7 38.65 (35.00 - 42.43) 40.82 (36.84 - 44.93) 0.253
Region C 37.38 (35.41 - 39.40) 38.74 (36.67 - 40.86) 0.219
Region 8 37.53 (34.06 - 41.13) 38.32 (34.42 - 42.38) 0.684
Region 9 35.53 (31.94 - 39.29) 38.13 (34.26 - 42.15) 0.184
Region 10 34.65 (30.81 - 38.71) 36.87 (32.66 - 41.29) 0.258
Region 11 40.29 (36.66 - 44.04) 39.86 (36.13 - 43.70) 0.817
Region 12 37.21 (33.68 - 40.89) 39.32 (35.58 - 43.20) 0.271
Region D 35.13b (32.60 - 37.74) 37.34 (34.57 - 40.20) 0.087
Region 13 35.81b (31.82 - 40.00) 39.20 (34.80 - 43.79) 0.100
Region 14 34.20a (30.63 - 37.97) 38.24 (33.76 - 42.94) 0.049
Region 15 35.42 (31.56 - 39.49) 34.79 (30.85 - 38.96) 0.749
North Carolina1 43.13 (40.61 - 45.69) 43.91 (41.35 - 46.50) 0.544
Alliance 43.67 (39.51 - 47.93) 45.74 (41.59 - 49.95) 0.341
Cardinal Innovations 40.75 (36.23 - 45.43) 43.41 (38.91 - 48.03) 0.235
CenterPoint/Guilford 43.46 (39.50 - 47.50) 43.70 (39.55 - 47.94) 0.900
CenterPoint 42.57 (37.52 - 47.78) 42.81 (37.42 - 48.37) 0.923
Guilford 44.45 (39.64 - 49.38) 44.67 (39.50 - 49.95) 0.927
CoastalCare 40.31 (35.52 - 45.29) 41.09 (36.09 - 46.28) 0.725
Eastpointe 45.35 (40.45 - 50.35) 47.95 (42.81 - 53.14) 0.283
ECBH 43.62 (38.75 - 48.61) 43.43 (38.22 - 48.78) 0.934
MeckLINK 45.24 (40.60 - 49.97) 44.40 (39.31 - 49.61) 0.715
Partners 43.97 (39.48 - 48.55) 42.93 (38.31 - 47.68) 0.646
Sandhills 43.88 (38.96 - 48.93) 43.20 (37.94 - 48.61) 0.776
Smoky Mountain 41.77 (36.59 - 47.14) 40.01 (34.60 - 45.67) 0.488
Western Highlands 42.06 (36.95 - 47.35) 43.17 (37.88 - 48.62) 0.649
North Dakota 35.44 (33.10 - 37.85) 35.92 (33.55 - 38.36) 0.695
Badlands and West Central 36.90 (33.08 - 40.89) 37.13 (33.10 - 41.34) 0.912
Lake Region and South Central 34.76 (30.37 - 39.42) 37.14 (32.62 - 41.91) 0.287
North Central and Northwest 36.50 (32.51 - 40.68) 37.50 (33.40 - 41.79) 0.618
Northeast 33.63 (29.65 - 37.85) 34.53 (30.46 - 38.83) 0.639
Southeast 34.63 (31.39 - 38.02) 33.71 (30.40 - 37.19) 0.602
Ohio 39.53b (38.12 - 40.95) 38.17 (36.85 - 39.51) 0.070
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 38.61 (34.85 - 42.50) 37.20 (33.42 - 41.15) 0.466
Boards 3, 52, and 85 37.80 (33.63 - 42.16) 36.54 (32.56 - 40.70) 0.534
Boards 4 and 78 38.15 (34.01 - 42.48) 37.24 (32.74 - 41.97) 0.652
Boards 5 and 60 36.75 (32.91 - 40.77) 33.78 (29.90 - 37.89) 0.118
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 35.39 (31.47 - 39.52) 36.26 (32.31 - 40.41) 0.662
Boards 8, 13, and 83 39.31 (35.18 - 43.59) 37.93 (34.13 - 41.90) 0.484
Board 9 (Butler) 37.72 (33.93 - 41.66) 37.60 (33.54 - 41.84) 0.949
Board 12 38.31 (34.39 - 42.38) 38.18 (34.09 - 42.45) 0.950
Boards 18 and 47 43.06a (39.96 - 46.22) 39.28 (36.37 - 42.27) 0.020
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 38.33 (34.21 - 42.62) 36.50 (32.24 - 40.99) 0.366
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 37.89 (34.11 - 41.83) 37.85 (33.99 - 41.88) 0.983
Boards 22, 74, and 87 36.76 (32.98 - 40.70) 36.22 (32.31 - 40.31) 0.778
Boards 23 and 45 37.64 (33.75 - 41.69) 36.27 (32.39 - 40.33) 0.480
Board 25 (Franklin) 41.67 (38.46 - 44.95) 39.10 (35.64 - 42.67) 0.140
Boards 27, 71, and 73 39.15 (35.20 - 43.24) 40.16 (35.86 - 44.61) 0.622
Boards 28, 43, and 67 38.28 (34.59 - 42.12) 36.20 (32.47 - 40.10) 0.269
Board 31 (Hamilton) 40.86 (36.99 - 44.85) 38.45 (34.90 - 42.12) 0.202
Board 48 (Lucas) 41.49 (37.33 - 45.77) 39.73 (35.50 - 44.12) 0.390
Boards 50 and 76 38.86 (35.23 - 42.63) 37.30 (33.79 - 40.94) 0.376
Board 57 (Montgomery) 41.88 (37.70 - 46.17) 41.63 (37.56 - 45.82) 0.907
Board 77 (Summit) 37.40 (33.59 - 41.38) 40.60 (36.75 - 44.56) 0.111
Oklahoma 42.92 (40.31 - 45.56) 43.49 (40.90 - 46.11) 0.674
Central 41.33 (36.86 - 45.95) 40.25 (35.52 - 45.17) 0.624
East Central 41.88 (37.19 - 46.71) 42.39 (37.45 - 47.48) 0.831
Northeast 41.31 (36.90 - 45.86) 42.70 (38.42 - 47.08) 0.524
Northwest and Southwest 42.67 (38.22 - 47.25) 44.78 (40.13 - 49.53) 0.353
Oklahoma County 45.59 (41.00 - 50.26) 44.77 (40.47 - 49.16) 0.720
Southeast 42.84 (38.30 - 47.50) 45.12 (40.39 - 49.94) 0.327
Tulsa County 43.31 (38.84 - 47.89) 43.33 (38.77 - 48.01) 0.992
Oregon 39.23 (36.57 - 41.95) 38.37 (35.92 - 40.88) 0.529
Region 1 (Multnomah) 39.11 (34.54 - 43.87) 35.70 (31.60 - 40.01) 0.131
Region 2 40.77 (36.44 - 45.25) 40.40 (36.14 - 44.80) 0.870
Region 3 38.16 (34.31 - 42.17) 38.27 (34.74 - 41.93) 0.957
Region 4 39.23 (34.85 - 43.79) 38.54 (34.13 - 43.15) 0.746
Region 5 (Central) 37.28 (32.55 - 42.28) 37.68 (32.70 - 42.94) 0.866
Region 6 (Eastern) 40.86 (36.12 - 45.78) 39.74 (34.48 - 45.26) 0.634
Pennsylvania 38.35 (36.85 - 39.88) 38.19 (36.78 - 39.61) 0.839
Region 1 (Allegheny) 38.80 (35.38 - 42.33) 37.51 (34.12 - 41.02) 0.466
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 36.47 (32.71 - 40.40) 36.20 (32.30 - 40.29) 0.892
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 36.66 (33.07 - 40.41) 37.97 (34.22 - 41.87) 0.483
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 37.47 (33.36 - 41.76) 37.04 (33.30 - 40.94) 0.830
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 35.16 (31.68 - 38.81) 35.93 (32.45 - 39.56) 0.654
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 38.14 (35.44 - 40.91) 37.74 (34.92 - 40.65) 0.789
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 35.36 (31.75 - 39.15) 35.19 (31.36 - 39.21) 0.926
Regions 17 and 21 36.51 (32.50 - 40.71) 35.18 (30.94 - 39.67) 0.516
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 40.38 (36.82 - 44.05) 41.37 (38.18 - 44.64) 0.583
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 34.93 (31.28 - 38.76) 36.11 (32.36 - 40.03) 0.529
Regions 29 and 34 40.81 (36.72 - 45.03) 38.58 (34.65 - 42.66) 0.273
Regions 30 and 50 35.36 (31.36 - 39.58) 37.86 (33.96 - 41.92) 0.204
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 44.33 (40.85 - 47.87) 42.07 (38.90 - 45.31) 0.189
Rhode Island 37.70 (35.10 - 40.38) 37.12 (34.45 - 39.88) 0.683
Bristol and Newport 35.23 (30.68 - 40.06) 34.39 (29.62 - 39.49) 0.706
Kent 33.49 (28.90 - 38.41) 35.03 (30.47 - 39.88) 0.480
Providence 39.95 (36.79 - 43.20) 38.77 (35.52 - 42.13) 0.508
Washington 34.98 (30.66 - 39.55) 34.76 (30.36 - 39.42) 0.920
South Carolina 46.56 (43.94 - 49.21) 44.27 (41.64 - 46.93) 0.101
Region 1 45.48 (41.42 - 49.59) 45.85 (41.70 - 50.06) 0.861
Region 2 48.06a (44.22 - 51.92) 43.89 (39.96 - 47.89) 0.040
Region 3 46.77 (42.21 - 51.39) 44.87 (40.39 - 49.43) 0.384
Region 4 45.81 (41.80 - 49.88) 42.77 (38.78 - 46.85) 0.144
South Dakota 34.22 (31.73 - 36.80) 35.55 (33.19 - 38.00) 0.284
Region 1 -- (-- - --) 37.94 (33.94 - 42.10) --
Region 2 -- (-- - --) 38.65 (33.73 - 43.81) --
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 32.82 (29.10 - 36.77) --
Region 4 -- (-- - --) 34.78 (30.47 - 39.36) --
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 35.15 (31.67 - 38.79) --
Tennessee 44.16 (41.47 - 46.89) 44.68 (42.15 - 47.24) 0.697
Region 1 42.10 (37.47 - 46.88) 44.85 (39.99 - 49.81) 0.254
Region 2 43.35 (39.04 - 47.77) 42.91 (38.38 - 47.56) 0.830
Region 3 -- (-- - --) 44.32 (39.87 - 48.87) --
Region 4 (Davidson) 47.59 (42.71 - 52.52) 45.76 (41.08 - 50.51) 0.438
Region 5 -- (-- - --) 43.00 (38.81 - 47.30) --
Region 6 43.57 (38.90 - 48.36) 46.57 (41.57 - 51.64) 0.195
Region 7 (Shelby) 48.05 (43.44 - 52.69) 48.01 (43.26 - 52.79) 0.986
Texas 44.03a (42.67 - 45.39) 45.64 (44.28 - 47.01) 0.034
Region 1 43.28 (39.55 - 47.08) 42.14 (38.14 - 46.24) 0.553
Region 2 41.26 (36.97 - 45.68) 40.22 (35.66 - 44.96) 0.618
Region 3 42.46 (40.18 - 44.79) 43.71 (41.39 - 46.05) 0.331
Region 3a 43.18 (40.28 - 46.13) 44.34 (41.41 - 47.31) 0.475
Region 3bc 41.22 (37.97 - 44.54) 42.61 (39.32 - 45.97) 0.436
Region 4 41.20 (37.15 - 45.37) 41.53 (37.40 - 45.79) 0.874
Region 5 43.37a (39.22 - 47.62) 47.79 (43.14 - 52.48) 0.042
Region 6 45.28a (42.91 - 47.67) 48.55 (46.07 - 51.04) 0.014
Region 6a 45.68a (43.10 - 48.30) 48.66 (45.95 - 51.38) 0.042
Region 6bc 41.99a (37.68 - 46.43) 47.60 (42.95 - 52.29) 0.007
Region 7 39.83 (37.29 - 42.43) 40.15 (37.50 - 42.85) 0.808
Region 7a 40.12 (36.93 - 43.39) 40.03 (36.56 - 43.61) 0.961
Region 7bcd 39.35 (35.78 - 43.04) 40.35 (36.59 - 44.22) 0.584
Region 8 45.43 (42.03 - 48.88) 47.86 (44.39 - 51.35) 0.158
Region 9 42.88 (38.74 - 47.13) 42.79 (38.36 - 47.33) 0.961
Region 10 51.59 (47.31 - 55.84) 53.70 (49.53 - 57.82) 0.286
Region 11 50.23 (47.28 - 53.17) 50.60 (47.58 - 53.61) 0.804
Region 11abd 50.04 (46.30 - 53.78) 50.16 (46.31 - 54.00) 0.951
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 50.57 (46.40 - 54.73) 51.38 (47.07 - 55.68) 0.685
Utah 51.24b (48.75 - 53.72) 49.10 (46.64 - 51.56) 0.091
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 49.12 (44.49 - 53.76) 49.07 (44.68 - 53.46) 0.980
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 50.12 (45.56 - 54.69) 49.30 (44.50 - 54.12) 0.711
Davis County 50.58 (46.28 - 54.87) 47.70 (43.26 - 52.17) 0.179
Salt Lake County 51.62 (48.22 - 55.01) 48.77 (45.30 - 52.26) 0.122
Utah County 53.45 (49.58 - 57.28) 50.94 (46.76 - 55.12) 0.209
Weber, Morgan 50.28 (45.50 - 55.04) 48.19 (43.27 - 53.15) 0.360
Vermont 36.38 (33.82 - 39.01) 37.69 (35.21 - 40.23) 0.330
Champlain Valley 34.26 (30.85 - 37.84) 37.25 (33.83 - 40.81) 0.104
Rural Northeast 37.79 (33.72 - 42.05) 36.71 (32.54 - 41.09) 0.609
Rural Southeast 37.30 (33.29 - 41.49) 37.89 (33.85 - 42.11) 0.772
Rural Southwest 38.21 (33.54 - 43.10) 39.96 (35.41 - 44.69) 0.463
Virginia 42.53 (39.84 - 45.27) 41.95 (39.48 - 44.47) 0.665
Region 1 39.96 (35.78 - 44.30) 40.10 (35.97 - 44.37) 0.944
Region 2 45.45 (41.11 - 49.85) 42.86 (38.84 - 46.98) 0.248
Region 3 40.24 (35.93 - 44.71) 42.85 (38.26 - 47.57) 0.253
Region 4 42.23 (37.98 - 46.60) 41.22 (36.76 - 45.82) 0.632
Region 5 42.90 (38.64 - 47.28) 41.98 (37.73 - 46.36) 0.674
Washington 42.02 (39.45 - 44.64) 42.20 (39.68 - 44.76) 0.895
Region 1 43.60 (40.14 - 47.13) 43.34 (39.64 - 47.13) 0.883
East 1 (previously Region 1) 42.25 (37.93 - 46.68) 42.08 (37.43 - 46.87) 0.939
East 2 (previously Region 2) 45.46 (40.81 - 50.18) 45.05 (40.26 - 49.94) 0.857
Region 2 42.84 (39.48 - 46.27) 41.66 (38.47 - 44.92) 0.504
North 1 (previously Region 3) 40.80 (36.40 - 45.35) 38.97 (34.87 - 43.23) 0.391
North 2 (previously Region 4) 44.04 (39.93 - 48.24) 43.21 (39.18 - 47.34) 0.706
Region 3 39.84 (36.53 - 43.26) 42.19 (38.75 - 45.71) 0.168
West 1 (previously Region 5) 39.62 (35.28 - 44.13) 42.00 (37.72 - 46.42) 0.254
West 2 (previously Region 6) 40.05 (35.89 - 44.36) 42.36 (37.90 - 46.95) 0.287
West Virginia 43.34 (40.65 - 46.07) 41.35 (38.87 - 43.87) 0.138
Region I 42.12 (36.96 - 47.46) 41.40 (36.33 - 46.66) 0.775
Region II 42.22 (37.68 - 46.89) 40.24 (35.76 - 44.89) 0.361
Region III 42.18 (37.16 - 47.36) 39.96 (35.29 - 44.82) 0.343
Region IV 44.59b (40.20 - 49.07) 40.86 (36.76 - 45.08) 0.089
Region V 42.42 (38.52 - 46.41) 41.21 (37.46 - 45.06) 0.541
Region VI 45.31 (40.75 - 49.94) 43.69 (39.02 - 48.48) 0.499
Wisconsin 35.16 (32.67 - 37.74) 34.59 (32.00 - 37.28) 0.659
Milwaukee 40.29 (35.88 - 44.86) 38.60 (33.95 - 43.47) 0.459
Northeastern 35.12 (31.39 - 39.04) 33.58 (29.78 - 37.61) 0.440
Northern 33.53 (29.09 - 38.30) 33.55 (28.80 - 38.67) 0.994
Southeastern 34.37 (30.30 - 38.70) 34.58 (30.16 - 39.28) 0.923
Southern 32.43 (28.44 - 36.70) 33.30 (29.15 - 37.73) 0.662
Western 35.42 (31.46 - 39.59) 33.90 (29.61 - 38.48) 0.466
Wyoming 39.45a (36.93 - 42.04) 36.41 (34.04 - 38.85) 0.019
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 41.65 (37.20 - 46.23) 39.08 (34.79 - 43.54) 0.254
Judicial District 2 37.83a (33.51 - 42.36) 32.47 (28.40 - 36.83) 0.010
Judicial District 3 41.81 (37.43 - 46.33) 38.63 (34.36 - 43.09) 0.156
Judicial District 4 37.92 (33.16 - 42.92) 35.84 (31.03 - 40.95) 0.383
Judicial District 5 37.65 (33.17 - 42.36) 35.79 (31.10 - 40.77) 0.399
Judicial District 6 37.37 (33.05 - 41.90) 35.34 (30.94 - 40.01) 0.357
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 38.51a (34.15 - 43.07) 34.13 (29.83 - 38.72) 0.042
Judicial District 8 40.05 (34.92 - 45.41) 37.47 (32.55 - 42.66) 0.293
Judicial District 9 39.61 (34.95 - 44.46) 36.99 (32.52 - 41.71) 0.228
140403 <
Table 11 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2008-2010
(Estimate)
2008-2010
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2008-2010 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2008-2010 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2008-2010 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2010 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2008-2010 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2008, 2009, and 2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 26.54a (26.04 - 27.04) 25.04 (24.48 - 25.61) 0.000
Northeast 30.38a (29.58 - 31.19) 29.30 (28.44 - 30.17) 0.016
Midwest 27.26a (26.69 - 27.84) 25.76 (25.11 - 26.42) 0.000
South 24.97a (24.44 - 25.51) 22.93 (22.31 - 23.57) 0.000
West 25.44a (24.66 - 26.24) 24.50 (23.68 - 25.35) 0.040
Alabama 22.44 (20.42 - 24.61) 20.69 (18.67 - 22.86) 0.105
Region 1 20.18b (17.17 - 23.56) 17.59 (14.64 - 20.98) 0.091
Region 2 23.26 (20.35 - 26.45) 23.30 (20.09 - 26.85) 0.980
Region 3 25.26a (21.52 - 29.41) 20.05 (16.76 - 23.82) 0.003
Region 4 21.48 (18.21 - 25.16) 21.27 (17.86 - 25.12) 0.902
Alaska 25.25 (22.92 - 27.74) 23.84 (21.60 - 26.22) 0.263
Anchorage 26.46 (23.23 - 29.96) 25.57 (22.51 - 28.89) 0.614
Northern 22.18 (18.85 - 25.92) 20.25 (16.86 - 24.13) 0.278
South Central 27.08 (23.10 - 31.46) 25.03 (21.02 - 29.52) 0.302
Southeast 23.16 (18.96 - 27.97) 22.08 (18.05 - 26.73) 0.575
Arizona 24.46 (22.23 - 26.84) 23.70 (21.52 - 26.03) 0.513
Maricopa 23.48 (20.74 - 26.47) 23.75 (21.02 - 26.71) 0.854
Pima 28.22 (23.84 - 33.05) 27.88 (23.45 - 32.79) 0.870
Rural North 25.10 (21.04 - 29.66) 23.03 (18.94 - 27.70) 0.267
Rural South 24.14a (19.88 - 28.98) 19.39 (15.61 - 23.84) 0.007
Arkansas 21.82 (19.84 - 23.92) 21.59 (19.67 - 23.65) 0.835
Catchment Area 1 24.07 (20.24 - 28.37) 22.00 (18.36 - 26.13) 0.266
Catchment Area 2 19.93 (16.09 - 24.42) 20.71 (16.61 - 25.51) 0.669
Catchment Area 3 21.73 (18.29 - 25.62) 19.52 (15.76 - 23.92) 0.231
Catchment Area 4 19.11 (15.55 - 23.26) 20.69 (16.73 - 25.31) 0.378
Catchment Area 5 25.97 (22.03 - 30.34) 25.39 (21.53 - 29.69) 0.780
Catchment Area 6 19.19 (15.56 - 23.43) 20.40 (16.31 - 25.21) 0.514
Catchment Area 7 20.27 (16.24 - 25.00) 20.41 (16.39 - 25.12) 0.941
Catchment Area 8 20.74 (17.46 - 24.45) 21.62 (18.29 - 25.36) 0.610
California 24.98 (23.76 - 26.25) 25.00 (23.77 - 26.27) 0.979
Region 1R 29.91 (25.48 - 34.75) 30.58 (25.82 - 35.79) 0.751
Region 2R 27.10b (23.28 - 31.30) 30.29 (26.00 - 34.94) 0.089
Region 3R (Sacramento) 23.57 (19.95 - 27.62) 22.03 (18.32 - 26.25) 0.377
Region 4R 26.74 (22.86 - 31.00) 28.04 (23.96 - 32.52) 0.472
Region 5R (San Francisco) 26.81a (22.31 - 31.84) 32.73 (27.67 - 38.23) 0.005
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 22.77 (19.34 - 26.60) 22.42 (18.72 - 26.62) 0.838
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 24.28 (20.46 - 28.55) 26.48 (22.22 - 31.22) 0.224
Region 8R (Alameda) 24.76 (21.31 - 28.57) 26.28 (22.57 - 30.37) 0.371
Region 9R (San Mateo) 25.26 (21.12 - 29.90) 25.30 (20.73 - 30.49) 0.986
Region 10 28.71 (24.84 - 32.92) 29.56 (25.50 - 33.98) 0.648
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 23.37 (21.73 - 25.09) 23.41 (21.70 - 25.21) 0.964
LA SPA 1 and 5 27.33 (23.14 - 31.97) 29.33 (24.79 - 34.33) 0.287
LA SPA 2 23.83 (20.55 - 27.45) 23.28 (19.71 - 27.28) 0.743
LA SPA 3 24.08b (20.70 - 27.82) 21.19 (17.80 - 25.02) 0.095
LA SPA 4 22.63 (18.92 - 26.83) 24.59 (20.39 - 29.32) 0.286
LA SPA 6 20.24 (16.92 - 24.02) 22.54 (18.78 - 26.80) 0.166
LA SPA 7 23.22 (19.73 - 27.13) 21.86 (18.37 - 25.80) 0.407
LA SPA 8 22.74 (19.44 - 26.42) 23.88 (20.34 - 27.83) 0.494
Region 12R 25.84 (21.72 - 30.42) 23.99 (19.81 - 28.74) 0.329
Regions 13 and 19R 24.30 (21.08 - 27.83) 23.99 (21.06 - 27.19) 0.841
Region 13 (Riverside) 24.31 (20.86 - 28.13) 24.08 (20.98 - 27.47) 0.885
Region 19R (Imperial) 24.10 (20.29 - 28.37) 22.88 (18.37 - 28.12) 0.520
Region 14 (Orange) 25.00 (22.18 - 28.05) 24.68 (21.56 - 28.09) 0.840
Region 15R (Fresno) 23.18 (19.48 - 27.36) 23.07 (19.16 - 27.50) 0.944
Region 16R (San Diego) 28.68b (25.52 - 32.06) 25.75 (22.60 - 29.16) 0.090
Region 17R 24.89 (21.46 - 28.68) 24.06 (20.43 - 28.10) 0.638
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 25.12 (22.02 - 28.50) 23.86 (20.54 - 27.53) 0.441
Region 20R 24.42 (20.69 - 28.58) 24.04 (20.09 - 28.48) 0.824
Region 21R 25.61a (21.47 - 30.24) 31.47 (27.04 - 36.27) 0.003
Colorado 31.62a (29.24 - 34.11) 26.14 (23.99 - 28.41) 0.000
Region 1 35.40a (30.71 - 40.38) 29.67 (25.74 - 33.94) 0.005
Regions 2 and 7 32.29a (29.19 - 35.55) 26.44 (23.59 - 29.51) 0.000
Region 3 28.32a (24.45 - 32.54) 24.66 (21.00 - 28.73) 0.048
Region 4 27.14b (22.41 - 32.45) 23.50 (18.97 - 28.74) 0.084
Regions 5 and 6 30.24a (25.79 - 35.10) 23.17 (18.90 - 28.06) 0.001
Connecticut 31.35 (29.04 - 33.76) 31.27 (28.93 - 33.70) 0.943
Eastern 33.55 (28.55 - 38.95) 36.80 (32.15 - 41.71) 0.150
North Central 30.10 (26.74 - 33.68) 28.54 (24.88 - 32.50) 0.371
Northwestern 29.86 (26.01 - 34.01) 28.33 (24.09 - 33.00) 0.426
South Central 33.28 (29.29 - 37.52) 35.07 (30.97 - 39.41) 0.359
Southwest 30.62 (26.56 - 35.01) 29.18 (24.97 - 33.77) 0.451
Delaware 31.17a (28.77 - 33.67) 27.70 (25.39 - 30.12) 0.007
Kent 31.01 (27.19 - 35.10) 27.82 (23.63 - 32.44) 0.116
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 32.88a (29.84 - 36.07) 29.14 (26.16 - 32.32) 0.018
Sussex 29.14b (25.23 - 33.38) 25.36 (21.46 - 29.71) 0.055
Wilmington City 24.64 (20.56 - 29.23) 22.59 (18.54 - 27.22) 0.278
District of Columbia 30.44a (27.72 - 33.32) 35.75 (32.82 - 38.79) 0.001
Ward 1 35.16a (29.71 - 41.02) 44.61 (37.97 - 51.45) 0.001
Ward 2 57.41a (51.47 - 63.14) 71.67 (65.41 - 77.20) 0.000
Ward 3 39.63a (34.23 - 45.29) 48.24 (43.02 - 53.49) 0.001
Ward 4 25.35 (20.96 - 30.30) 27.41 (22.65 - 32.74) 0.332
Ward 5 27.99 (23.56 - 32.88) 31.82 (26.73 - 37.39) 0.107
Ward 6 25.68 (21.11 - 30.87) 29.38 (24.20 - 35.16) 0.119
Ward 7 22.66 (18.94 - 26.89) 21.94 (17.62 - 26.97) 0.713
Ward 8 21.62 (17.80 - 25.99) 22.48 (18.39 - 27.17) 0.650
Florida 25.99a (24.77 - 27.26) 24.04 (22.85 - 25.27) 0.003
Region A - Northwest 30.32 (27.63 - 33.15) 28.36 (25.80 - 31.06) 0.104
Circuit 1 28.75a (24.97 - 32.85) 23.11 (19.81 - 26.77) 0.001
Circuit 2 35.42b (30.97 - 40.14) 39.08 (34.20 - 44.18) 0.067
Circuit 14 26.17b (21.69 - 31.21) 22.87 (18.57 - 27.83) 0.076
Region B - Northeast 28.01a (25.50 - 30.66) 24.65 (22.33 - 27.12) 0.006
Circuits 3 and 8 29.98 (25.71 - 34.63) 31.17 (26.93 - 35.76) 0.533
Circuit 4 27.89a (24.22 - 31.87) 21.37 (17.95 - 25.24) 0.000
Circuit 7 26.62 (22.64 - 31.03) 24.20 (20.48 - 28.36) 0.189
Region C - Central 25.52 (23.81 - 27.31) 24.82 (23.02 - 26.70) 0.416
Circuit 5 24.88 (21.37 - 28.75) 22.51 (18.88 - 26.61) 0.158
Circuit 9 25.77 (22.92 - 28.84) 26.75 (23.64 - 30.10) 0.508
Circuit 10 22.90 (19.64 - 26.53) 20.66 (17.38 - 24.37) 0.162
Circuit 18 26.93 (23.56 - 30.60) 25.96 (22.56 - 29.67) 0.553
Circuit 19 26.76 (22.63 - 31.34) 26.10 (21.83 - 30.89) 0.730
Region D - Southeast 24.19a (21.85 - 26.70) 20.85 (18.56 - 23.33) 0.007
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 25.76a (22.27 - 29.59) 21.85 (18.76 - 25.29) 0.014
Circuit 17 (Broward) 23.12b (20.25 - 26.26) 20.15 (17.18 - 23.48) 0.065
Region E - Sun Coast 26.01 (24.09 - 28.02) 24.73 (22.77 - 26.80) 0.180
Circuit 6 25.12 (21.84 - 28.72) 23.56 (20.15 - 27.34) 0.336
Circuit 12 26.06 (22.07 - 30.50) 27.35 (23.11 - 32.04) 0.497
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) 26.25b (23.30 - 29.43) 23.46 (20.69 - 26.48) 0.062
Circuit 20 26.74 (22.97 - 30.89) 26.30 (22.49 - 30.49) 0.799
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 24.17 (21.56 - 26.99) 22.08 (19.61 - 24.76) 0.121
Georgia 23.75a (21.73 - 25.90) 20.52 (18.55 - 22.63) 0.002
Region 1 22.88a (19.57 - 26.57) 19.61 (16.55 - 23.07) 0.040
Region 2 26.63a (22.58 - 31.11) 21.87 (18.10 - 26.17) 0.013
Region 3 22.84 (19.84 - 26.15) 21.13 (18.04 - 24.59) 0.267
Region 4 23.85 (19.58 - 28.73) 21.54 (17.29 - 26.50) 0.216
Region 5 25.46b (21.51 - 29.85) 21.63 (17.23 - 26.78) 0.051
Region 6 22.90a (19.37 - 26.86) 18.40 (15.06 - 22.28) 0.006
Hawaii 24.28 (21.86 - 26.87) 22.68 (20.50 - 25.02) 0.212
Hawaii Island 25.99 (21.74 - 30.74) 23.86 (19.86 - 28.38) 0.278
Honolulu 24.45 (21.63 - 27.52) 22.88 (20.29 - 25.69) 0.299
Kauai and Maui 21.90 (18.47 - 25.76) 20.76 (17.43 - 24.55) 0.460
Kauai 21.61 (17.31 - 26.63) 19.55 (15.20 - 24.78) 0.251
Maui 22.03 (18.00 - 26.67) 21.28 (17.29 - 25.91) 0.680
Idaho 24.30a (22.19 - 26.53) 21.84 (19.87 - 23.94) 0.018
Region 1 26.29 (22.19 - 30.85) 23.81 (19.64 - 28.53) 0.202
Region 2 32.19 (26.72 - 38.19) 33.72 (28.31 - 39.60) 0.507
Region 3