National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Comparison of the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 Model-Based Substate Estimates

NOTE: The methodology used to conduct significance testing for substate estimates between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs and to calculate p values is provided after Table 22.

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Table 1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the methodology write-up for comparing estimates located below the tables.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 8.13a 7.93 - 8.34 8.90 8.68 - 9.12 0.000
Northeast 8.48a 8.09 - 8.88 9.44 9.00 - 9.90 0.001
Midwest 7.83a 7.53 - 8.14 8.49 8.16 - 8.83 0.002
South 7.50 7.23 - 7.77 7.64 7.33 - 7.95 0.461
West 9.15a 8.70 - 9.62 10.86 10.37 - 11.37 0.000
Alabama 6.82 5.87 - 7.91 7.60 6.53 - 8.83 0.237
Region 1 6.19 4.77 - 8.00 7.05 5.53 - 8.95 0.337
Region 2 7.70 6.21 - 9.52 8.71   7.05 - 10.71 0.316
Region 3 6.73 5.19 - 8.69 6.33 4.87 - 8.19 0.648
Region 4 6.41 5.04 - 8.12 7.70 6.14 - 9.63 0.145
Alaska 12.28 10.79 - 13.93 14.01 12.25 - 15.98 0.116
Anchorage -- -- - -- 14.64 12.44 - 17.14 --
Northern -- -- - -- 14.56 11.85 - 17.76 --
South Central -- -- - -- 12.72 10.04 - 15.99 --
Southeast 11.66   8.92 - 15.11 13.65 10.72 - 17.23 0.249
Arizona 8.48 7.30 - 9.82 9.58   8.20 - 11.16 0.187
Maricopa 8.33 6.94 - 9.95 9.58   8.02 - 11.41 0.199
Pima 9.00   6.96 - 11.56 10.74   8.34 - 13.73 0.179
Rural North 9.65   7.40 - 12.50 9.71   7.45 - 12.58 0.962
Rural South 7.36   5.38 - 10.00 8.12   5.95 - 11.00 0.482
Arkansas1 7.61 6.63 - 8.72 7.42 6.33 - 8.68 0.759
Catchment Area 1 -- -- - -- 7.91   6.12 - 10.16 --
Catchment Area 2 6.59 5.01 - 8.64 6.59 4.79 - 9.00 0.995
Catchment Area 3 7.60 5.88 - 9.78 6.64 4.99 - 8.79 0.307
Catchment Area 4 -- -- - -- 7.31 5.39 - 9.84 --
Catchment Area 5 -- -- - -- 6.90 5.21 - 9.10 --
Catchment Area 6 -- -- - -- 7.67   5.69 - 10.26 --
Catchment Area 7 -- -- - -- 6.08 4.38 - 8.39 --
Catchment Area 8 9.17   7.21 - 11.60 8.96   7.09 - 11.27 0.856
California 9.13a 8.43 - 9.89 10.72   9.97 - 11.51 0.002
Region 1R -- -- - -- 16.89 13.52 - 20.91 --
Region 2R -- -- - -- 12.88 10.27 - 16.03 --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- -- - -- 12.29   9.81 - 15.28 --
Region 4R -- -- - -- 12.34   9.98 - 15.17 --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- -- - -- 16.83 13.28 - 21.09 --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 7.23 5.60 - 9.29 7.93   6.20 - 10.09 0.459
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- -- - -- 10.54   8.29 - 13.32 --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- -- - -- 11.10   9.00 - 13.62 --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- -- - -- 8.86   6.69 - 11.64 --
Region 10 10.09   7.95 - 12.73 10.75   8.49 - 13.53 0.585
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 8.15a 7.06 - 9.38 10.17   9.13 - 11.30 0.007
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- -- - -- 11.54   9.05 - 14.59 --
LA SPA 2 -- -- - -- 9.39   7.58 - 11.57 --
LA SPA 3 -- -- - -- 7.93 6.35 - 9.87 --
LA SPA 4 -- -- - -- 11.68   9.11 - 14.86 --
LA SPA 6 -- -- - -- 12.18   9.62 - 15.31 --
LA SPA 7 -- -- - -- 8.34   6.51 - 10.63 --
LA SPA 8 -- -- - -- 12.05   9.82 - 14.69 --
Region 12R -- -- - -- 9.52   7.15 - 12.57 --
Regions 13 and 19R -- -- - -- 10.34   8.63 - 12.36 --
Region 13 (Riverside) 7.61a 5.94 - 9.69 10.53   8.70 - 12.70 0.006
Region 19R (Imperial) -- -- - -- 7.93   5.86 - 10.67 --
Region 14 (Orange) 8.42   6.90 - 10.23 9.38   7.89 - 11.11 0.308
Region 15R (Fresno) -- -- - -- 9.37   7.24 - 12.03 --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- -- - -- 11.18   9.44 - 13.19 --
Region 17R -- -- - -- 9.21   7.32 - 11.52 --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- -- - -- 9.64   7.89 - 11.74 --
Region 20R -- -- - -- 10.82   8.51 - 13.66 --
Region 21R -- -- - -- 13.89 11.12 - 17.21 --
Colorado 10.48a   9.15 - 11.98 13.85 12.23 - 15.66 0.001
Region 1 9.04a   7.11 - 11.44 12.67 10.15 - 15.70 0.005
Regions 2 and 7 11.25a   9.48 - 13.32 15.45 13.28 - 17.92 0.003
Region 3 9.78   7.63 - 12.46 11.08   8.71 - 14.01 0.321
Region 4 8.74   6.46 - 11.72 10.81   8.03 - 14.40 0.109
Regions 5 and 6 10.01b   7.70 - 12.91 12.37   9.56 - 15.87 0.087
Connecticut 8.52b 7.43 - 9.76 9.95   8.62 - 11.45 0.075
Eastern 9.07   7.03 - 11.64 9.17   7.14 - 11.71 0.936
North Central 8.61   6.87 - 10.73 9.76   7.94 - 11.94 0.294
Northwestern 10.20   8.00 - 12.93 9.59   7.36 - 12.40 0.652
South Central 8.43a   6.81 - 10.39 11.83   9.62 - 14.46 0.005
Southwest 6.65a 5.07 - 8.68 8.71   6.71 - 11.24 0.049
Delaware 8.51 7.52 - 9.61 8.83   7.67 - 10.13 0.642
Kent 8.17   6.37 - 10.44 7.89   6.08 - 10.17 0.787
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 8.97   7.74 - 10.38 9.05   7.67 - 10.65 0.927
Sussex 6.98 5.45 - 8.91 7.68 5.99 - 9.78 0.461
Wilmington City 9.84b   7.41 - 12.96 12.61   9.61 - 16.38 0.073
District of Columbia 10.37a   8.98 - 11.95 14.12 12.49 - 15.93 0.000
Ward 1 12.85   9.84 - 16.61 14.55 11.31 - 18.51 0.368
Ward 2 11.84b   9.14 - 15.21 14.78 11.84 - 18.29 0.096
Ward 3 9.73a   7.51 - 12.51 13.24 10.41 - 16.69 0.021
Ward 4 7.73a   5.68 - 10.44 12.59   9.74 - 16.13 0.001
Ward 5 9.54a   7.32 - 12.34 14.53 11.58 - 18.07 0.001
Ward 6 10.75a   8.00 - 14.31 14.47 11.27 - 18.39 0.042
Ward 7 10.10b   7.66 - 13.21 13.21 10.26 - 16.84 0.059
Ward 8 10.56a   8.25 - 13.42 15.68 12.74 - 19.15 0.003
Florida1 8.36 7.73 - 9.04 8.37 7.71 - 9.08 0.988
Region A - Northwest -- -- - -- 10.35   8.94 - 11.94 --
Circuit 1 9.63   7.61 - 12.12 9.30   7.47 - 11.53 0.767
Circuit 2 -- -- - -- 12.65 10.20 - 15.59 --
Circuit 14 -- -- - -- 9.72   7.44 - 12.61 --
Region B - Northeast -- -- - -- 9.61   8.34 - 11.05 --
Circuits 3 and 8 -- -- - -- 10.75   8.64 - 13.30 --
Circuit 4 -- -- - -- 10.40   8.35 - 12.89 --
Circuit 7 -- -- - -- 7.87 6.23 - 9.89 --
Region C - Central -- -- - -- 8.52 7.59 - 9.55 --
Circuit 5 5.29a 4.02 - 6.91 7.00 5.49 - 8.87 0.042
Circuit 9 -- -- - -- 9.81   8.14 - 11.79 --
Circuit 10 7.53 5.88 - 9.61 7.72 6.19 - 9.59 0.843
Circuit 18 -- -- - -- 9.17   7.39 - 11.33 --
Circuit 19 6.93 5.31 - 9.00 8.11   6.31 - 10.37 0.220
Region D - Southeast -- -- - -- 7.21 6.14 - 8.44 --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 7.92 6.34 - 9.86 7.02 5.62 - 8.74 0.315
Circuit 17 (Broward) 8.65   7.09 - 10.52 7.35 6.01 - 8.97 0.158
Region E - Sun Coast -- -- - -- 8.93   7.88 - 10.12 --
Circuit 6 -- -- - -- 9.72   7.84 - 12.01 --
Circuit 12 -- -- - -- 9.26   7.34 - 11.62 --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- -- - -- 8.28   6.82 - 10.01 --
Circuit 20 6.09a 4.72 - 7.82 8.46   6.63 - 10.74 0.015
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 7.21 5.97 - 8.69 6.21 5.24 - 7.33 0.158
Georgia 7.89 6.80 - 9.15 7.05 6.05 - 8.20 0.211
Region 1 -- -- - -- 6.18 4.86 - 7.82 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 6.31 4.75 - 8.34 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 8.54   6.92 - 10.49 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 7.06 5.27 - 9.40 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 7.09 5.19 - 9.61 --
Region 6 -- -- - -- 6.15 4.61 - 8.17 --
Hawaii 8.68   7.40 - 10.16 9.13   7.86 - 10.57 0.602
Hawaii Island 10.68   7.99 - 14.13 10.94   8.46 - 14.02 0.872
Honolulu 7.47 6.23 - 8.94 8.40 7.09 - 9.93 0.279
Kauai and Maui 12.64   9.41 - 16.77 10.74   8.40 - 13.62 0.286
Kauai -- -- - -- 10.69   7.70 - 14.65 --
Maui -- -- - -- 10.76   8.11 - 14.13 --
Idaho 6.82a 5.89 - 7.88 8.40 7.22 - 9.75 0.020
Region 1 7.23 5.47 - 9.51 7.65   5.78 - 10.06 0.688
Region 2 8.45   6.42 - 11.04 10.32   7.59 - 13.87 0.157
Region 3 6.34b 4.84 - 8.27 8.03   6.21 - 10.33 0.085
Region 4 7.27a 5.79 - 9.09 10.15   8.26 - 12.42 0.006
Region 5 6.45 4.90 - 8.46 6.21 4.69 - 8.17 0.782
Region 6 6.63a 4.99 - 8.75 8.85   6.70 - 11.61 0.031
Region 7 5.36 3.94 - 7.26 6.36 4.76 - 8.43 0.245
Illinois 7.58a 6.96 - 8.24 8.52 7.87 - 9.23 0.039
Region I (Cook) 8.77a 7.79 - 9.86 10.40   9.31 - 11.61 0.026
Region II 6.85 5.94 - 7.88 7.05 6.22 - 7.97 0.737
Region III 6.75 5.68 - 8.00 7.83 6.63 - 9.22 0.129
Region IV 6.26 5.09 - 7.69 5.93 4.67 - 7.50 0.661
Region V 6.44a 5.37 - 7.71 8.18 6.86 - 9.73 0.017
Indiana 7.77 6.77 - 8.91 8.56 7.35 - 9.95 0.265
Central 8.62   6.87 - 10.76 8.86   7.01 - 11.13 0.824
East 8.01   6.06 - 10.50 9.43   7.19 - 12.28 0.224
North Central 8.05   6.25 - 10.32 8.72   6.76 - 11.17 0.538
Northeast 6.03 4.47 - 8.08 7.33 5.47 - 9.77 0.168
Northwest 7.23 5.46 - 9.52 8.89   6.79 - 11.57 0.148
Southeast 6.40 4.83 - 8.43 7.50 5.66 - 9.87 0.250
Southwest 8.07   6.10 - 10.60 6.89 4.93 - 9.57 0.280
West 8.56   6.64 - 10.99 9.96   7.76 - 12.69 0.230
Iowa 5.99 5.10 - 7.03 6.85 5.85 - 8.01 0.150
Central 6.11 4.61 - 8.07 6.87 5.27 - 8.90 0.389
North Central 6.76b 5.11 - 8.90 8.66   6.55 - 11.35 0.061
Northeast 6.01 4.73 - 7.62 6.47 5.15 - 8.10 0.557
Northwest 5.08 3.75 - 6.84 5.41 3.98 - 7.33 0.665
Southeast 6.31 4.83 - 8.19 7.70 6.03 - 9.78 0.142
Southwest 5.71 4.13 - 7.84 6.14 4.61 - 8.14 0.601
Kansas 6.42 5.49 - 7.51 5.72 4.82 - 6.77 0.209
Kansas City Metro 6.96 5.55 - 8.68 6.03 4.80 - 7.55 0.253
Northeast 5.99 4.60 - 7.76 5.27 3.96 - 7.00 0.350
South Central 6.36 4.75 - 8.46 5.36 3.90 - 7.33 0.234
Southeast 6.04 4.40 - 8.23 6.18 4.52 - 8.40 0.870
West 4.99 3.68 - 6.72 5.46 4.06 - 7.29 0.500
Wichita (Sedgwick) 7.20 5.47 - 9.42 5.85 4.43 - 7.69 0.138
Kentucky 8.96a   7.80 - 10.27 6.91 5.92 - 8.06 0.004
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 6.43 4.89 - 8.40 5.66 4.32 - 7.38 0.386
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 10.33a   8.45 - 12.57 7.15 5.73 - 8.89 0.003
Communicare and River Valley 8.54b   6.42 - 11.27 6.67 4.94 - 8.95 0.085
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 7.78b   5.78 - 10.40 6.17 4.62 - 8.19 0.084
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 7.91a   5.96 - 10.44 5.51 4.02 - 7.51 0.011
Seven Counties 10.51   8.40 - 13.09 8.71   6.93 - 10.90 0.150
Louisiana 7.98b 7.00 - 9.08 6.85 5.90 - 7.94 0.064
Regions 1 and 10 -- -- - -- 8.72   7.03 - 10.78 --
Region 1 9.88   7.60 - 12.77 9.49   7.28 - 12.28 0.751
Region 10 (Jefferson) 8.47   6.36 - 11.18 7.97   5.97 - 10.55 0.668
Regions 2 and 9 8.18   6.62 - 10.08 6.81 5.48 - 8.43 0.122
Region 3 7.57 5.70 - 9.99 7.04 5.27 - 9.34 0.573
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- -- - -- 6.11 4.83 - 7.71 --
Regions 7 and 8 7.63b 6.08 - 9.53 6.00 4.68 - 7.66 0.062
Maine1 9.26   8.07 - 10.61 9.98   8.65 - 11.49 0.396
Aroostook/Downeast -- -- - -- 8.27   6.55 - 10.39 --
Aroostook -- -- - -- 7.85   5.77 - 10.60 --
Downeast -- -- - -- 8.62   6.46 - 11.40 --
Central -- -- - -- 9.69   7.53 - 12.39 --
Cumberland 10.55   8.49 - 13.05 10.84   8.69 - 13.44 0.828
Midcoast 8.03   6.12 - 10.47 9.36   7.07 - 12.29 0.280
Penquis -- -- - -- 10.64   8.37 - 13.43 --
Western -- -- - -- 11.13   8.88 - 13.87 --
York 7.75   5.96 - 10.03 9.17   7.14 - 11.71 0.224
Maryland 6.94 5.97 - 8.04 7.56 6.53 - 8.74 0.325
Anne Arundel 7.19 5.33 - 9.63 7.09 5.23 - 9.55 0.924
Baltimore City 9.63   7.38 - 12.46 10.51   8.24 - 13.31 0.503
Baltimore County -- -- - -- 7.53 5.80 - 9.72 --
Montgomery 6.42 4.93 - 8.33 7.03 5.40 - 9.11 0.505
North Central -- -- - -- 6.97 5.29 - 9.14 --
Northeast -- -- - -- 6.35 4.65 - 8.59 --
Prince George's 7.08 5.43 - 9.17 7.46 5.71 - 9.68 0.678
South -- -- - -- 8.66   6.61 - 11.28 --
West -- -- - -- 6.15 4.53 - 8.29 --
Massachusetts 9.37a   8.23 - 10.64 11.32   9.99 - 12.80 0.018
Boston 12.15   9.60 - 15.28 13.33 10.63 - 16.58 0.469
Central 8.50a   6.58 - 10.91 11.79   9.28 - 14.88 0.008
Metrowest 8.68a   7.03 - 10.67 11.24   9.12 - 13.77 0.029
Northeast 8.36   6.65 - 10.45 10.19   8.22 - 12.58 0.103
Southeast 9.36   7.50 - 11.62 11.28   9.12 - 13.87 0.128
Western 10.38   8.24 - 13.00 10.85   8.56 - 13.66 0.721
Michigan1 9.18a 8.53 - 9.87 10.79 10.05 - 11.59 0.001
Detroit City 12.06a   9.97 - 14.52 17.01 14.31 - 20.10 0.002
Genesee 11.97   9.57 - 14.88 11.53   9.43 - 14.02 0.755
Kalamazoo -- -- - -- 10.37   8.57 - 12.51 --
Kent 8.05a 6.50 - 9.94 10.24   8.44 - 12.38 0.030
Lakeshore -- -- - -- 9.38   7.80 - 11.25 --
Macomb 8.59   7.10 - 10.37 9.29   7.67 - 11.21 0.484
Mid South -- -- - -- 10.58   8.87 - 12.58 --
Northern 7.93a 6.47 - 9.70 11.01   9.19 - 13.13 0.004
Oakland 8.31 6.96 - 9.90 9.62   8.12 - 11.37 0.171
Pathways and Western -- -- - -- 13.05 10.49 - 16.14 --
Riverhaven 8.06b   6.15 - 10.49 10.08   8.04 - 12.59 0.082
Saginaw 8.22a   6.26 - 10.72 11.26   8.82 - 14.26 0.010
Southeast 9.55   8.09 - 11.25 10.93   9.31 - 12.80 0.182
St. Clair 7.66b 5.96 - 9.80 9.42   7.43 - 11.87 0.088
Washtenaw 9.00   7.31 - 11.05 9.75   8.05 - 11.78 0.459
Minnesota 7.41 6.41 - 8.56 7.94 6.84 - 9.20 0.427
Regions 1 and 2 8.39   6.31 - 11.08 8.19   6.03 - 11.03 0.861
Regions 3 and 4 6.53 5.09 - 8.34 7.20 5.60 - 9.22 0.424
Regions 5 and 6 6.46b 5.04 - 8.25 8.00   6.30 - 10.13 0.088
Region 7A (Hennepin) 9.04   7.14 - 11.39 8.36   6.60 - 10.54 0.543
Region 7B (Ramsey) 8.70   6.49 - 11.56 9.49   6.97 - 12.80 0.541
Region 7C 6.05 4.68 - 7.80 7.26 5.72 - 9.18 0.164
Mississippi 6.18a 5.29 - 7.21 7.77 6.70 - 8.99 0.011
Region 1 5.24a 4.01 - 6.82 7.44 5.91 - 9.34 0.008
Region 2 6.36b 4.84 - 8.32 8.16   6.18 - 10.69 0.077
Region 3 5.77a 4.34 - 7.63 7.53 5.79 - 9.74 0.048
Region 4 6.23b 4.79 - 8.05 7.85 6.21 - 9.88 0.080
Region 5 5.44b 3.92 - 7.50 7.16 5.14 - 9.91 0.053
Region 6 6.61 4.94 - 8.79 6.88 5.21 - 9.05 0.767
Region 7 7.62   5.72 - 10.08 8.84   6.91 - 11.25 0.271
Missouri 8.40 7.30 - 9.65 7.33 6.33 - 8.48 0.110
Central 9.30a   7.31 - 11.77 6.44 4.93 - 8.36 0.004
Eastern 8.61   7.04 - 10.49 8.42   7.02 - 10.08 0.835
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 8.84   6.90 - 11.25 8.93   7.18 - 11.05 0.935
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 8.14   6.17 - 10.66 7.54 5.82 - 9.73 0.569
Northwest 9.03b   7.40 - 10.97 7.42 6.04 - 9.09 0.065
Northwest (Jackson) 10.62a   8.18 - 13.67 8.03   6.18 - 10.37 0.038
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 7.59 5.75 - 9.95 6.91 5.29 - 8.98 0.473
Southeast 7.05 5.30 - 9.32 5.61 4.18 - 7.50 0.104
Southwest 7.20 5.59 - 9.22 6.87 5.27 - 8.90 0.719
Montana 10.13a   8.90 - 11.52 11.95 10.51 - 13.56 0.038
Region 1 8.60   6.47 - 11.35 9.59   7.29 - 12.51 0.426
Region 2 10.12   7.91 - 12.85 10.93   8.43 - 14.05 0.562
Region 3 8.84a   6.96 - 11.16 11.35   9.10 - 14.06 0.050
Region 4 10.61a   8.75 - 12.82 13.52 11.25 - 16.16 0.025
Region 5 11.04   9.01 - 13.47 12.08 10.09 - 14.40 0.422
Nebraska 7.00 6.06 - 8.06 6.39 5.46 - 7.46 0.323
Regions 1 and 2 5.60 4.08 - 7.63 5.21 3.90 - 6.92 0.591
Region 1 -- -- - -- 5.72 3.94 - 8.22 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 4.76 3.36 - 6.71 --
Region 3 7.02b 5.38 - 9.11 5.44 4.10 - 7.19 0.057
Region 4 5.99a 4.47 - 7.98 3.92 2.74 - 5.60 0.005
Region 5 7.27 5.84 - 9.01 5.93 4.60 - 7.61 0.109
Region 6 7.55 6.16 - 9.22 7.90 6.56 - 9.49 0.693
Nevada1 9.58   8.16 - 11.21 10.86   9.28 - 12.68 0.221
Clark - Region 1 9.41   7.73 - 11.42 10.81   9.05 - 12.87 0.248
Region 3 8.47   6.49 - 10.99 9.26   7.10 - 12.00 0.500
Capital District -- -- - -- 9.20   6.72 - 12.46 --
Rural/Frontier -- -- - -- 9.32   6.66 - 12.91 --
Washoe - Region 2 11.25   8.99 - 13.99 12.35   9.87 - 15.35 0.459
New Hampshire 10.70   9.39 - 12.17 10.97   9.67 - 12.42 0.755
Central 10.06   8.46 - 11.93 11.32   9.56 - 13.35 0.214
Central 1 10.20a   8.27 - 12.53 13.62 11.11 - 16.59 0.009
Central 2 9.92   7.81 - 12.53 9.09   7.09 - 11.58 0.494
Northern 9.86   7.71 - 12.53 12.15   9.65 - 15.18 0.105
Southern 11.19   9.54 - 13.09 10.53   9.06 - 12.21 0.516
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 10.40   8.23 - 13.05 10.07   8.15 - 12.38 0.789
Southern 2 11.68   9.69 - 14.01 10.82   8.99 - 12.97 0.498
New Jersey 6.61a 5.66 - 7.70 8.08 6.91 - 9.43 0.033
Central 7.01 5.49 - 8.91 7.60 5.99 - 9.59 0.535
Metropolitan 7.15 5.62 - 9.06 7.80 6.17 - 9.83 0.498
Northern 6.05a 4.78 - 7.62 8.16   6.52 - 10.17 0.024
Southern 6.42a 4.97 - 8.24 8.82   6.94 - 11.15 0.012
New Mexico 10.43   9.01 - 12.04 10.62   9.23 - 12.20 0.843
Region 1 10.97   8.49 - 14.05 10.80   8.71 - 13.32 0.909
Region 2 10.16   7.61 - 13.46 9.56   7.26 - 12.49 0.680
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 11.60   9.43 - 14.19 13.45 11.10 - 16.20 0.220
Region 4 8.62   6.54 - 11.30 8.03   6.16 - 10.42 0.595
Region 5 9.47   7.52 - 11.87 8.21   6.39 - 10.48 0.249
New York 9.16 8.45 - 9.92 9.63   8.88 - 10.44 0.351
Region A 9.13   8.11 - 10.26 9.53   8.51 - 10.65 0.555
Region 1 9.12   7.27 - 11.39 8.97   7.27 - 11.01 0.885
Region 2 8.77   7.25 - 10.58 9.61   8.12 - 11.35 0.406
Region 3 13.41 11.11 - 16.10 11.14   9.01 - 13.70 0.115
Region 4 6.55a 5.21 - 8.21 8.55   6.99 - 10.40 0.029
Region B -- -- - -- 9.07   8.05 - 10.20 --
Region 5 8.54   7.21 - 10.10 9.23   7.94 - 10.70 0.439
Region 6 7.56 6.09 - 9.35 8.13   6.50 - 10.14 0.524
Region 7 9.05   7.18 - 11.36 10.00   8.16 - 12.20 0.376
Region C -- -- - -- 10.18   9.13 - 11.33 --
Region 8 10.78   8.83 - 13.08 9.59   7.85 - 11.67 0.290
Region 9 10.24   8.43 - 12.38 10.66   8.78 - 12.89 0.691
Region 10 10.67   8.64 - 13.11 10.79   8.53 - 13.56 0.923
Region 11 10.24   8.48 - 12.31 10.25   8.44 - 12.40 0.986
Region 12 9.06   7.45 - 10.97 9.98   8.14 - 12.17 0.369
Region D 9.09   7.85 - 10.50 10.38   8.93 - 12.03 0.102
Region 13 8.26a   6.51 - 10.42 10.69   8.42 - 13.50 0.025
Region 14 8.87b   6.93 - 11.27 10.94   8.65 - 13.75 0.072
Region 15 10.03   8.06 - 12.41 9.54   7.54 - 12.01 0.681
North Carolina 7.33 6.32 - 8.48 8.15 7.00 - 9.47 0.240
Alliance -- -- - -- 7.94   6.27 - 10.01 --
Cardinal Innovations -- -- - -- 8.25   6.42 - 10.55 --
CenterPoint/Guilford -- -- - -- 8.06   6.32 - 10.23 --
CenterPoint -- -- - -- 7.89   5.75 - 10.74 --
Guilford -- -- - -- 8.24   6.09 - 11.06 --
CoastalCare -- -- - -- 8.95   6.49 - 12.22 --
Eastpointe -- -- - -- 7.99   6.02 - 10.54 --
ECBH -- -- - -- 8.03   5.91 - 10.84 --
MeckLINK -- -- - -- 8.48   6.33 - 11.28 --
Partners -- -- - -- 8.09   6.17 - 10.56 --
Sandhills -- -- - -- 7.40   5.33 - 10.18 --
Smoky Mountain -- -- - -- 7.52   5.49 - 10.22 --
Western Highlands -- -- - -- 9.01   6.69 - 12.03 --
North Dakota 7.12a 6.11 - 8.28 5.65 4.77 - 6.69 0.014
Badlands and West Central 5.88 4.53 - 7.62 4.73 3.56 - 6.25 0.122
Lake Region and South Central 6.62 4.93 - 8.83 5.73 4.27 - 7.65 0.311
North Central and Northwest 6.75a 5.15 - 8.81 4.99 3.71 - 6.69 0.037
Northeast 7.54 5.79 - 9.75 6.89 5.36 - 8.80 0.493
Southeast 8.67a   7.13 - 10.51 6.38 5.04 - 8.04 0.010
Ohio 8.01a 7.44 - 8.62 9.12 8.45 - 9.84 0.011
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 6.79b 5.37 - 8.56 8.29   6.66 - 10.28 0.090
Boards 3, 52, and 85 5.99a 4.69 - 7.63 7.90   6.22 - 10.00 0.021
Boards 4 and 78 7.85   6.06 - 10.10 8.70   6.66 - 11.30 0.423
Boards 5 and 60 8.28a   6.47 - 10.53 11.03   8.76 - 13.80 0.018
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 7.00 5.46 - 8.93 6.52 5.11 - 8.28 0.587
Boards 8, 13, and 83 7.61 5.98 - 9.62 7.33 5.86 - 9.14 0.753
Board 9 (Butler) 7.57a 6.02 - 9.48 9.81   7.86 - 12.17 0.028
Board 12 8.74   6.93 - 10.96 7.82   6.07 - 10.03 0.331
Boards 18 and 47 8.21b 6.94 - 9.69 9.83   8.44 - 11.43 0.072
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 5.66 4.31 - 7.40 6.28 4.84 - 8.11 0.418
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 6.98 5.52 - 8.80 8.01   6.36 - 10.05 0.247
Boards 22, 74, and 87 6.59 5.10 - 8.47 7.94 6.32 - 9.93 0.120
Boards 23 and 45 6.97 5.43 - 8.91 8.17   6.42 - 10.33 0.199
Board 25 (Franklin) 9.39a   7.89 - 11.14 11.86 10.03 - 13.96 0.020
Boards 27, 71, and 73 6.25 4.82 - 8.08 7.32 5.80 - 9.21 0.207
Boards 28, 43, and 67 6.74b 5.39 - 8.39 8.15   6.61 - 10.00 0.081
Board 31 (Hamilton) 8.86   7.23 - 10.82 9.98   8.20 - 12.10 0.299
Board 48 (Lucas) 9.16   7.30 - 11.44 10.62   8.54 - 13.14 0.196
Boards 50 and 76 8.40   6.72 - 10.46 8.74   7.13 - 10.68 0.727
Board 57 (Montgomery) 11.63b   9.31 - 14.42 9.36   7.47 - 11.66 0.072
Board 77 (Summit) 8.47a   6.78 - 10.52 10.86   8.92 - 13.16 0.025
Oklahoma 8.31 7.14 - 9.66 8.33 7.17 - 9.66 0.978
Central 7.92   6.06 - 10.29 7.70   5.84 - 10.08 0.825
East Central 7.11 5.12 - 9.79 7.80   5.74 - 10.51 0.543
Northeast 7.85   5.97 - 10.26 6.91 5.24 - 9.07 0.376
Northwest and Southwest 6.97a 5.29 - 9.13 9.76   7.46 - 12.67 0.011
Oklahoma County 9.26   7.17 - 11.89 9.60   7.56 - 12.11 0.783
Southeast 8.26   6.23 - 10.86 7.75   5.88 - 10.16 0.671
Tulsa County 9.99   7.85 - 12.64 8.07   6.23 - 10.38 0.108
Oregon 9.87a   8.62 - 11.28 13.30 11.75 - 15.03 0.000
Region 1 (Multnomah) 12.55a 10.10 - 15.48 19.41 15.96 - 23.40 0.000
Region 2 8.79a   7.01 - 10.96 12.07   9.72 - 14.90 0.011
Region 3 9.58a   7.78 - 11.75 12.49 10.48 - 14.82 0.019
Region 4 9.42   7.36 - 11.99 11.27   8.83 - 14.28 0.161
Region 5 (Central) -- -- - -- 10.31   7.64 - 13.79 --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- -- - -- 10.16   7.23 - 14.09 --
Pennsylvania1 7.56 7.01 - 8.16 8.02 7.36 - 8.73 0.291
Region 1 (Allegheny) 9.48   7.95 - 11.26 10.54   8.83 - 12.53 0.308
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- -- - -- 6.83 5.43 - 8.55 --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 6.90 5.52 - 8.59 6.74 5.37 - 8.41 0.835
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 6.19 5.02 - 7.60 7.06 5.54 - 8.96 0.255
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- -- - -- 6.54 5.20 - 8.19 --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 7.35 6.29 - 8.56 7.81 6.68 - 9.10 0.528
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- -- - -- 6.39 5.03 - 8.09 --
Regions 17 and 21 7.55 5.93 - 9.56 8.39   6.54 - 10.71 0.373
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 5.75 4.78 - 6.91 5.92 4.85 - 7.20 0.799
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 5.85 4.59 - 7.42 6.15 4.97 - 7.58 0.673
Regions 29 and 34 7.30 5.80 - 9.16 7.85 6.20 - 9.89 0.548
Regions 30 and 50 -- -- - -- 6.28 4.84 - 8.12 --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 10.80b   9.14 - 12.71 13.13 11.14 - 15.42 0.056
Rhode Island 10.88a   9.55 - 12.37 15.28 13.56 - 17.18 0.000
Bristol and Newport 10.35a   8.05 - 13.20 13.79 10.82 - 17.42 0.021
Kent 9.32a   7.37 - 11.72 13.86 11.09 - 17.18 0.002
Providence 11.08a   9.43 - 12.97 15.89 13.74 - 18.30 0.000
Washington 12.54a   9.93 - 15.71 15.78 12.85 - 19.22 0.050
South Carolina 7.02a 6.04 - 8.13 8.34 7.21 - 9.62 0.043
Region 1 7.29 5.80 - 9.13 7.57 5.98 - 9.53 0.771
Region 2 6.98b 5.73 - 8.48 8.44   6.89 - 10.31 0.084
Region 3 6.30a 4.70 - 8.40 8.43   6.51 - 10.86 0.036
Region 4 7.26b 5.63 - 9.32 8.91   7.18 - 11.00 0.092
South Dakota 6.74 5.75 - 7.88 6.23 5.25 - 7.38 0.409
Region 1 -- -- - -- 7.58 5.84 - 9.77 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 6.28 4.46 - 8.78 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 5.50 4.19 - 7.19 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 5.41 3.97 - 7.34 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 6.06 4.75 - 7.71 --
Tennessee 6.81 5.83 - 7.94 7.03 5.98 - 8.26 0.712
Region 1 7.67b   5.67 - 10.29 5.87 4.30 - 7.98 0.055
Region 2 8.45a   6.54 - 10.86 6.38 4.78 - 8.45 0.045
Region 3 -- -- - -- 6.76 5.19 - 8.77 --
Region 4 (Davidson) 8.98   6.86 - 11.67 8.55   6.44 - 11.28 0.715
Region 5 -- -- - -- 6.64 5.13 - 8.55 --
Region 6 5.85 4.25 - 8.00 6.45 4.74 - 8.71 0.485
Region 7 (Shelby) 6.49a 4.76 - 8.80 8.87   6.84 - 11.42 0.031
Texas 6.88 6.34 - 7.46 7.11 6.53 - 7.74 0.537
Region 1 7.71 6.15 - 9.62 7.19 5.61 - 9.16 0.556
Region 2 7.30 5.53 - 9.57 6.52 4.87 - 8.67 0.374
Region 3 6.81 6.00 - 7.72 7.45 6.60 - 8.41 0.236
Region 3a 6.78 5.79 - 7.92 7.19 6.15 - 8.39 0.525
Region 3bc 6.87 5.67 - 8.30 7.91 6.63 - 9.42 0.194
Region 4 6.35 5.00 - 8.04 6.24 4.83 - 8.01 0.880
Region 5 7.16 5.54 - 9.22 6.50 4.98 - 8.44 0.445
Region 6 6.38 5.51 - 7.37 6.55 5.62 - 7.62 0.766
Region 6a 6.26 5.35 - 7.32 6.51 5.53 - 7.65 0.689
Region 6bc 7.33 5.65 - 9.46 6.92 5.28 - 9.01 0.639
Region 7 9.22   7.92 - 10.70 9.45   8.16 - 10.92 0.771
Region 7a 10.03   8.25 - 12.15 10.99   9.15 - 13.14 0.407
Region 7bcd 8.00 6.51 - 9.80 6.87 5.49 - 8.57 0.167
Region 8 6.69 5.45 - 8.19 7.10 5.85 - 8.59 0.596
Region 9 6.25 4.73 - 8.21 6.67 5.10 - 8.67 0.588
Region 10 5.71 4.40 - 7.37 5.81 4.51 - 7.46 0.881
Region 11 5.80 4.76 - 7.05 5.68 4.72 - 6.83 0.838
Region 11abd 6.17 4.85 - 7.83 6.43 5.13 - 8.03 0.722
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 5.04 3.87 - 6.54 4.36 3.26 - 5.81 0.236
Utah 6.58a 5.62 - 7.69 5.41 4.57 - 6.39 0.050
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 6.62a 4.97 - 8.78 4.38 3.24 - 5.89 0.004
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 5.24 3.78 - 7.21 4.57 3.28 - 6.33 0.365
Davis County 6.10 4.55 - 8.15 5.25 3.93 - 6.99 0.265
Salt Lake County 7.90b 6.42 - 9.69 6.23 4.97 - 7.78 0.069
Utah County 5.03 3.74 - 6.73 5.13 3.90 - 6.71 0.889
Weber, Morgan 5.79 4.19 - 7.95 5.21 3.73 - 7.23 0.487
Vermont 11.15a   9.86 - 12.58 14.27 12.66 - 16.05 0.002
Champlain Valley 12.46a 10.64 - 14.54 16.71 14.45 - 19.25 0.002
Rural Northeast 10.65b   8.62 - 13.08 13.01 10.57 - 15.92 0.093
Rural Southeast 9.33a   7.34 - 11.80 12.56 10.09 - 15.53 0.021
Rural Southwest 11.17   8.83 - 14.04 12.26   9.72 - 15.34 0.480
Virginia 7.36 6.32 - 8.54 7.71 6.66 - 8.90 0.591
Region 1 -- -- - -- 9.32   7.47 - 11.58 --
Region 2 7.36b 5.67 - 9.50 5.73 4.39 - 7.44 0.082
Region 3 7.63 5.97 - 9.70 7.96   6.28 - 10.04 0.734
Region 4 -- -- - -- 7.03 5.30 - 9.27 --
Region 5 7.49b 5.95 - 9.39 9.34   7.51 - 11.56 0.064
Washington1 9.10a 7.95 - 10.40 12.11 10.69 - 13.68 0.001
Region 1 -- -- - -- 9.69   7.83 - 11.93 --
East 1 (previously Region 1) 8.76   6.83 - 11.18 10.10   7.71 - 13.13 0.265
East 2 (previously Region 2) 8.12   6.07 - 10.79 9.13   6.89 - 12.00 0.364
Region 2 -- -- - -- 13.52 11.65 - 15.63 --
North 1 (previously Region 3) 9.26a   7.28 - 11.72 13.43 10.96 - 16.35 0.003
North 2 (previously Region 4) 9.57a   7.73 - 11.80 13.57 11.34 - 16.14 0.004
Region 3 -- -- - -- 11.73   9.87 - 13.89 --
West 1 (previously Region 5) 9.33a   7.35 - 11.76 11.93   9.47 - 14.93 0.045
West 2 (previously Region 6) 8.69a   6.73 - 11.16 11.55   9.24 - 14.33 0.032
West Virginia1 7.15 6.21 - 8.22 7.20 6.24 - 8.29 0.937
Region I 6.58 4.93 - 8.72 6.26 4.61 - 8.46 0.719
Region II -- -- - -- 7.07 5.29 - 9.38 --
Region III 6.21 4.64 - 8.25 5.46 4.00 - 7.40 0.367
Region IV -- -- - -- 10.50   8.80 - 12.49 --
Region V -- -- - -- 6.51 5.22 - 8.10 --
Region VI -- -- - -- 5.72 4.25 - 7.64 --
Wisconsin 7.63 6.62 - 8.77 8.34 7.14 - 9.72 0.295
Milwaukee 9.49   7.38 - 12.12 11.44   8.80 - 14.74 0.163
Northeastern 7.17 5.60 - 9.15 7.34 5.83 - 9.20 0.859
Northern 7.33 5.49 - 9.71 6.82 4.90 - 9.42 0.622
Southeastern 7.17 5.54 - 9.25 8.20   6.32 - 10.58 0.300
Southern -- -- - -- 8.30   6.54 - 10.49 --
Western -- -- - -- 7.46 5.68 - 9.74 --
Wyoming 7.37 6.32 - 8.58 7.07 6.03 - 8.28 0.661
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 6.71 5.07 - 8.83 6.98 5.37 - 9.03 0.775
Judicial District 2 9.38   7.45 - 11.75 9.39   7.28 - 12.03 0.992
Judicial District 3 7.58a 5.78 - 9.89 5.02 3.72 - 6.73 0.005
Judicial District 4 6.94 5.15 - 9.29 6.43 4.67 - 8.81 0.617
Judicial District 5 5.39 3.99 - 7.25 6.30 4.62 - 8.55 0.275
Judicial District 6 6.09 4.48 - 8.22 6.13 4.55 - 8.23 0.959
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 8.18   6.25 - 10.65 7.30 5.52 - 9.59 0.398
Judicial District 8 6.13 4.45 - 8.39 7.13 5.28 - 9.57 0.313
Judicial District 9 9.04   6.67 - 12.15 9.16   6.77 - 12.29 0.930
140430
Table 2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the methodology write-up for comparing estimates located below the tables.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 10.71a 10.49 - 10.94 11.69 11.45 - 11.95 0.000
Northeast 11.59a 11.16 - 12.03 12.74 12.21 - 13.29 0.000
Midwest 10.75b 10.42 - 11.09 11.21 10.77 - 11.66 0.079
South 9.58b 9.29 - 9.88 9.97   9.57 - 10.40 0.100
West 11.73a 11.26 - 12.21 14.06 13.48 - 14.67 0.000
Alabama 8.58 7.54 - 9.74 9.00   7.79 - 10.36 0.536
Region 1 7.84 6.31 - 9.71 7.90 6.29 - 9.89 0.953
Region 2 9.48   7.84 - 11.42 10.27   8.42 - 12.48 0.458
Region 3 8.05   6.35 - 10.16 8.31   6.60 - 10.40 0.812
Region 4 8.64   6.99 - 10.64 9.09   7.27 - 11.30 0.678
Alaska 16.45b 14.68 - 18.39 18.72 16.76 - 20.86 0.068
Anchorage -- -- - -- 19.14 16.69 - 21.85 --
Northern -- -- - -- 20.86 17.52 - 24.65 --
South Central -- -- - -- 16.34 13.38 - 19.80 --
Southeast 18.00 14.03 - 22.79 18.54 14.89 - 22.83 0.820
Arizona 10.59b   9.33 - 12.00 12.14 10.63 - 13.83 0.086
Maricopa 10.16b   8.65 - 11.89 12.12 10.41 - 14.06 0.068
Pima 11.71   9.34 - 14.58 13.48 10.75 - 16.77 0.235
Rural North 12.22   9.57 - 15.48 11.85   9.28 - 15.01 0.814
Rural South 9.62   7.32 - 12.54 10.95   8.30 - 14.32 0.330
Arkansas1 10.18   9.01 - 11.47 9.00   7.80 - 10.37 0.113
Catchment Area 1 -- -- - -- 9.32   7.34 - 11.76 --
Catchment Area 2 9.57b   7.38 - 12.32 7.48 5.63 - 9.88 0.080
Catchment Area 3 9.76a   7.74 - 12.24 7.41 5.66 - 9.64 0.032
Catchment Area 4 -- -- - -- 9.00   6.80 - 11.83 --
Catchment Area 5 -- -- - -- 9.70   7.70 - 12.16 --
Catchment Area 6 -- -- - -- 9.76   7.51 - 12.58 --
Catchment Area 7 -- -- - -- 7.13 5.25 - 9.63 --
Catchment Area 8 11.55   9.34 - 14.21 10.75   8.72 - 13.18 0.548
California 11.49a 10.77 - 12.26 13.98 13.11 - 14.89 0.000
Region 1R -- -- - -- 21.60 17.80 - 25.96 --
Region 2R -- -- - -- 15.56 12.73 - 18.89 --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- -- - -- 16.12 13.28 - 19.42 --
Region 4R -- -- - -- 15.94 13.28 - 19.01 --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- -- - -- 22.85 18.65 - 27.67 --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 10.30   8.35 - 12.65 10.58   8.61 - 12.93 0.819
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- -- - -- 13.96 11.35 - 17.05 --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- -- - -- 14.37 11.91 - 17.24 --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- -- - -- 12.34   9.69 - 15.60 --
Region 10 13.20 10.60 - 16.33 15.27 12.61 - 18.37 0.197
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 9.98a   8.84 - 11.26 13.12 11.95 - 14.38 0.000
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- -- - -- 15.20 12.30 - 18.63 --
LA SPA 2 -- -- - -- 13.01 10.77 - 15.64 --
LA SPA 3 -- -- - -- 10.54   8.70 - 12.72 --
LA SPA 4 -- -- - -- 15.25 12.38 - 18.66 --
LA SPA 6 -- -- - -- 14.19 11.46 - 17.44 --
LA SPA 7 -- -- - -- 10.84   8.83 - 13.24 --
LA SPA 8 -- -- - -- 14.41 11.90 - 17.36 --
Region 12R -- -- - -- 13.53 10.66 - 17.02 --
Regions 13 and 19R -- -- - -- 12.44 10.56 - 14.60 --
Region 13 (Riverside) 9.68a   7.72 - 12.07 12.69 10.69 - 15.02 0.018
Region 19R (Imperial) -- -- - -- 9.20   7.02 - 11.96 --
Region 14 (Orange) 10.29   8.62 - 12.24 11.67   9.99 - 13.60 0.205
Region 15R (Fresno) -- -- - -- 13.21 10.53 - 16.45 --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- -- - -- 14.94 12.79 - 17.38 --
Region 17R -- -- - -- 11.67   9.56 - 14.18 --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- -- - -- 13.15 11.11 - 15.50 --
Region 20R -- -- - -- 13.74 11.09 - 16.90 --
Region 21R -- -- - -- 18.84 15.63 - 22.54 --
Colorado 14.23a 12.71 - 15.89 17.55 15.74 - 19.53 0.002
Region 1 12.76a 10.39 - 15.57 16.24 13.31 - 19.68 0.025
Regions 2 and 7 15.28a 13.19 - 17.64 19.44 16.98 - 22.16 0.006
Region 3 12.99 10.29 - 16.27 14.73 12.09 - 17.82 0.284
Region 4 11.42   8.75 - 14.77 13.35 10.14 - 17.37 0.241
Regions 5 and 6 13.65 10.84 - 17.06 15.41 12.28 - 19.15 0.294
Connecticut 12.22 10.89 - 13.69 13.80 12.21 - 15.57 0.102
Eastern 14.41 11.60 - 17.76 13.26 10.71 - 16.31 0.472
North Central 11.86b   9.90 - 14.14 14.55 12.17 - 17.32 0.053
Northwestern 14.57 11.99 - 17.59 12.88 10.40 - 15.84 0.291
South Central 11.75a   9.73 - 14.12 15.39 12.78 - 18.42 0.013
Southwest 9.90   7.78 - 12.53 11.90   9.54 - 14.73 0.155
Delaware 11.07a   9.83 - 12.45 13.28 11.89 - 14.81 0.011
Kent 10.74   8.59 - 13.35 11.96   9.70 - 14.65 0.371
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 11.69b 10.19 - 13.39 13.72 12.03 - 15.61 0.066
Sussex 8.70a   6.88 - 10.96 11.84   9.69 - 14.39 0.012
Wilmington City 13.36a 10.10 - 17.47 17.34 13.87 - 21.47 0.048
District of Columbia 14.52a 12.89 - 16.32 19.41 17.49 - 21.48 0.000
Ward 1 17.12a 13.57 - 21.36 25.29 20.94 - 30.19 0.001
Ward 2 17.63a 14.28 - 21.56 22.30 18.73 - 26.33 0.032
Ward 3 15.25 12.34 - 18.70 17.70 14.63 - 21.26 0.196
Ward 4 9.98a   7.62 - 12.96 16.54 13.17 - 20.58 0.000
Ward 5 12.21a   9.68 - 15.30 19.15 15.87 - 22.93 0.000
Ward 6 16.33 12.69 - 20.78 19.15 15.33 - 23.66 0.196
Ward 7 13.30b 10.53 - 16.65 16.76 13.50 - 20.63 0.059
Ward 8 14.04a 11.32 - 17.28 17.97 14.81 - 21.62 0.034
Florida1 10.88 10.19 - 11.62 11.11 10.34 - 11.94 0.649
Region A - Northwest -- -- - -- 13.96 12.36 - 15.74 --
Circuit 1 12.37 10.11 - 15.05 12.35 10.25 - 14.80 0.989
Circuit 2 -- -- - -- 18.04 15.14 - 21.37 --
Circuit 14 -- -- - -- 12.30   9.69 - 15.50 --
Region B - Northeast -- -- - -- 12.75 11.31 - 14.34 --
Circuits 3 and 8 -- -- - -- 14.77 12.21 - 17.75 --
Circuit 4 -- -- - -- 12.87 10.67 - 15.44 --
Circuit 7 -- -- - -- 11.27   9.26 - 13.65 --
Region C - Central -- -- - -- 11.34 10.25 - 12.54 --
Circuit 5 7.01a 5.51 - 8.87 9.80   7.91 - 12.08 0.008
Circuit 9 -- -- - -- 13.38 11.50 - 15.52 --
Circuit 10 8.40   6.63 - 10.59 9.36   7.61 - 11.46 0.370
Circuit 18 -- -- - -- 12.35 10.25 - 14.82 --
Circuit 19 8.72   6.72 - 11.26 10.11   8.01 - 12.68 0.262
Region D - Southeast -- -- - -- 9.54   8.34 - 10.90 --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 10.67   8.72 - 12.98 9.48   7.82 - 11.44 0.309
Circuit 17 (Broward) 11.07   9.34 - 13.09 9.60   8.11 - 11.32 0.173
Region E - Sun Coast -- -- - -- 12.01 10.74 - 13.41 --
Circuit 6 -- -- - -- 12.77 10.58 - 15.34 --
Circuit 12 -- -- - -- 12.03   9.71 - 14.81 --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- -- - -- 12.20 10.35 - 14.34 --
Circuit 20 8.02a   6.35 - 10.09 10.89   8.88 - 13.29 0.012
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 8.74   7.43 - 10.26 7.87 6.76 - 9.15 0.287
Georgia 9.95   8.78 - 11.26 9.51   8.33 - 10.83 0.550
Region 1 -- -- - -- 8.23   6.68 - 10.10 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 8.53   6.68 - 10.83 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 11.32   9.41 - 13.57 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 9.53   7.41 - 12.19 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 9.91   7.57 - 12.86 --
Region 6 -- -- - -- 8.65   6.77 - 10.99 --
Hawaii 11.69 10.29 - 13.26 12.30 10.76 - 14.03 0.540
Hawaii Island 13.29 10.44 - 16.78 15.81 12.57 - 19.69 0.193
Honolulu 10.42   8.97 - 12.06 10.89   9.36 - 12.63 0.635
Kauai and Maui 16.30 12.99 - 20.26 15.46 12.45 - 19.03 0.684
Kauai -- -- - -- 13.89 10.35 - 18.39 --
Maui -- -- - -- 16.14 12.66 - 20.35 --
Idaho 9.01a   7.98 - 10.16 11.22   9.82 - 12.80 0.003
Region 1 10.25   8.09 - 12.90 11.12   8.67 - 14.15 0.535
Region 2 11.70   9.22 - 14.74 12.56   9.79 - 15.99 0.586
Region 3 7.36a 5.77 - 9.34 10.06   7.87 - 12.79 0.018
Region 4 9.89a   8.14 - 11.96 13.72 11.43 - 16.39 0.002
Region 5 7.95   6.19 - 10.17 9.29   7.27 - 11.80 0.237
Region 6 8.82a   6.92 - 11.19 12.28   9.68 - 15.46 0.007
Region 7 7.10 5.42 - 9.25 7.37 5.61 - 9.63 0.788
Illinois 10.14a   9.47 - 10.86 11.18 10.42 - 11.99 0.039
Region I (Cook) 11.45a 10.33 - 12.68 13.13 11.90 - 14.45 0.043
Region II 9.18   8.19 - 10.28 9.49   8.49 - 10.60 0.656
Region III 10.35   9.01 - 11.86 10.81   9.39 - 12.42 0.619
Region IV 7.92 6.58 - 9.50 8.70   7.20 - 10.46 0.390
Region V 8.66a   7.36 - 10.17 10.79   9.26 - 12.54 0.024
Indiana 10.54   9.34 - 11.87 10.66   9.34 - 12.16 0.875
Central 12.69 10.44 - 15.35 11.65   9.47 - 14.26 0.455
East 10.59   8.38 - 13.29 10.92   8.52 - 13.89 0.808
North Central 10.71   8.66 - 13.18 10.89   8.67 - 13.58 0.894
Northeast 8.56   6.51 - 11.18 9.05   6.96 - 11.69 0.686
Northwest 9.27   7.18 - 11.90 10.27   8.01 - 13.09 0.431
Southeast 7.83   6.07 - 10.05 8.50   6.64 - 10.83 0.532
Southwest 9.88   7.55 - 12.83 8.39   6.28 - 11.11 0.222
West 11.70   9.45 - 14.40 13.38 10.87 - 16.37 0.230
Iowa 9.02   7.92 - 10.27 9.80   8.61 - 11.13 0.266
Central 9.83   7.75 - 12.39 11.10   8.90 - 13.76 0.324
North Central 9.30a   7.31 - 11.77 12.44   9.86 - 15.58 0.021
Northeast 8.88   7.19 - 10.93 9.51   7.89 - 11.44 0.540
Northwest 7.47 5.83 - 9.51 6.77 5.16 - 8.84 0.468
Southeast 10.25   8.33 - 12.56 10.43   8.43 - 12.83 0.888
Southwest 7.60 5.76 - 9.98 8.53   6.62 - 10.94 0.388
Kansas 9.04   7.98 - 10.23 8.48 7.34 - 9.77 0.397
Kansas City Metro 10.18   8.51 - 12.13 8.91   7.38 - 10.74 0.198
Northeast 8.10   6.42 - 10.17 8.98   7.12 - 11.26 0.414
South Central 8.62   6.78 - 10.91 7.27 5.47 - 9.61 0.209
Southeast 8.78   6.85 - 11.18 8.21   6.08 - 11.02 0.620
West 6.56 5.00 - 8.55 7.48 5.80 - 9.60 0.288
Wichita (Sedgwick) 10.25   8.17 - 12.79 8.68   6.86 - 10.94 0.182
Kentucky 10.98a   9.74 - 12.35 8.76   7.60 - 10.07 0.005
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 7.42 5.86 - 9.37 6.20 4.78 - 8.00 0.198
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 12.16b 10.06 - 14.63 9.77   8.11 - 11.73 0.051
Communicare and River Valley 10.27a   8.00 - 13.09 7.53 5.71 - 9.88 0.022
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 10.24a   7.92 - 13.14 7.44 5.63 - 9.78 0.022
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 9.25a   7.22 - 11.77 6.67 5.00 - 8.84 0.018
Seven Counties 13.93 11.49 - 16.78 11.62   9.51 - 14.12 0.114
Louisiana 9.66   8.58 - 10.86 8.94   7.87 - 10.15 0.305
Regions 1 and 10 -- -- - -- 10.98   9.05 - 13.25 --
Region 1 11.81   9.23 - 14.98 12.53   9.89 - 15.76 0.632
Region 10 (Jefferson) 9.35   7.22 - 12.04 9.43   7.31 - 12.09 0.949
Regions 2 and 9 10.24   8.55 - 12.22 8.96   7.39 - 10.81 0.209
Region 3 9.17   7.10 - 11.77 8.24   6.34 - 10.64 0.420
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- -- - -- 8.13 6.63 - 9.92 --
Regions 7 and 8 8.81   7.14 - 10.82 8.35   6.70 - 10.36 0.663
Maine1 12.26b 10.96 - 13.68 14.02 12.43 - 15.76 0.051
Aroostook/Downeast -- -- - -- 12.25 10.03 - 14.88 --
Aroostook -- -- - -- 10.96   8.31 - 14.32 --
Downeast -- -- - -- 13.31 10.47 - 16.78 --
Central -- -- - -- 12.21   9.84 - 15.04 --
Cumberland 15.07 12.57 - 17.96 15.59 12.85 - 18.79 0.755
Midcoast 10.87   8.59 - 13.67 13.34 10.33 - 17.07 0.123
Penquis -- -- - -- 15.73 13.00 - 18.92 --
Western -- -- - -- 14.74 12.09 - 17.86 --
York 9.55a   7.48 - 12.11 13.07 10.53 - 16.11 0.010
Maryland 10.41   9.24 - 11.71 10.08   8.88 - 11.43 0.636
Anne Arundel 10.82   8.39 - 13.85 9.17   7.15 - 11.68 0.188
Baltimore City 13.84 11.05 - 17.21 13.41 10.81 - 16.53 0.787
Baltimore County -- -- - -- 9.76   7.70 - 12.31 --
Montgomery 9.01   7.10 - 11.36 9.07   7.21 - 11.35 0.957
North Central -- -- - -- 8.74   6.77 - 11.23 --
Northeast -- -- - -- 9.15   7.10 - 11.70 --
Prince George's 11.61   9.25 - 14.48 11.34   9.15 - 13.98 0.842
South -- -- - -- 11.03   8.83 - 13.70 --
West -- -- - -- 8.34   6.42 - 10.77 --
Massachusetts 14.70 13.14 - 16.42 15.54 14.01 - 17.19 0.412
Boston 17.04 13.71 - 20.98 19.47 16.17 - 23.25 0.220
Central 13.61 10.78 - 17.05 14.50 11.82 - 17.67 0.597
Metrowest 13.63 11.23 - 16.44 15.60 13.15 - 18.41 0.210
Northeast 12.97 10.54 - 15.87 14.88 12.52 - 17.59 0.207
Southeast 15.60 12.81 - 18.86 14.71 12.25 - 17.58 0.604
Western 16.78 13.59 - 20.54 14.95 12.31 - 18.05 0.306
Michigan1 12.54b 11.78 - 13.34 13.62 12.81 - 14.48 0.053
Detroit City 14.98a 12.66 - 17.64 19.10 16.32 - 22.23 0.019
Genesee 14.62 12.07 - 17.62 14.73 12.35 - 17.49 0.947
Kalamazoo -- -- - -- 14.18 11.91 - 16.79 --
Kent 11.84   9.80 - 14.23 13.28 11.22 - 15.66 0.290
Lakeshore -- -- - -- 12.78 10.91 - 14.93 --
Macomb 11.86   9.91 - 14.14 11.94 10.21 - 13.91 0.953
Mid South -- -- - -- 13.68 11.84 - 15.75 --
Northern 11.97 10.17 - 14.05 13.44 11.51 - 15.63 0.231
Oakland 12.12 10.38 - 14.11 12.42 10.76 - 14.30 0.794
Pathways and Western -- -- - -- 16.69 13.91 - 19.90 --
Riverhaven 10.80   8.58 - 13.50 11.80   9.55 - 14.51 0.460
Saginaw 10.75a   8.31 - 13.80 14.00 11.26 - 17.28 0.025
Southeast 12.37 10.59 - 14.41 13.38 11.58 - 15.41 0.424
St. Clair 11.36   9.12 - 14.06 11.75   9.55 - 14.37 0.765
Washtenaw 12.96 10.88 - 15.37 12.95 11.06 - 15.11 0.995
Minnesota 11.14   9.85 - 12.56 11.28   9.98 - 12.73 0.861
Regions 1 and 2 11.32   8.84 - 14.39 10.73   8.28 - 13.78 0.700
Regions 3 and 4 10.72   8.78 - 13.02 10.00   8.11 - 12.27 0.536
Regions 5 and 6 11.01   8.86 - 13.61 11.55   9.56 - 13.88 0.683
Region 7A (Hennepin) 13.01 10.66 - 15.79 12.45 10.24 - 15.06 0.709
Region 7B (Ramsey) 12.42   9.64 - 15.85 13.21 10.22 - 16.90 0.624
Region 7C 8.75   6.93 - 10.99 10.29   8.54 - 12.36 0.175
Mississippi 7.92b 6.88 - 9.10 9.08   7.93 - 10.38 0.088
Region 1 6.98b 5.48 - 8.83 8.76   7.09 - 10.77 0.073
Region 2 7.97   6.10 - 10.35 9.28   7.19 - 11.91 0.275
Region 3 6.88b 5.25 - 8.96 8.82   6.99 - 11.09 0.052
Region 4 8.78   7.03 - 10.91 9.63   7.83 - 11.80 0.434
Region 5 6.62 4.80 - 9.06 7.33 5.41 - 9.87 0.466
Region 6 8.51   6.60 - 10.92 8.55   6.62 - 10.97 0.975
Region 7 9.30   7.25 - 11.84 10.00   7.85 - 12.67 0.571
Missouri 11.45b 10.24 - 12.79 10.22   9.02 - 11.56 0.095
Central 12.24a 10.02 - 14.87 8.75   6.84 - 11.14 0.006
Eastern 12.54 10.68 - 14.67 11.61   9.98 - 13.46 0.395
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 13.12 10.82 - 15.83 12.26 10.22 - 14.64 0.527
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 11.34   8.91 - 14.33 10.47   8.40 - 12.97 0.515
Northwest 11.90 10.07 - 14.02 10.72   8.98 - 12.76 0.274
Northwest (Jackson) 14.01 11.42 - 17.09 12.06   9.71 - 14.89 0.207
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 9.99   7.84 - 12.66 9.59   7.49 - 12.20 0.744
Southeast 9.21b   7.24 - 11.64 7.43 5.70 - 9.64 0.095
Southwest 9.31   7.49 - 11.53 9.77   7.74 - 12.27 0.688
Montana 13.34a 11.98 - 14.83 16.36 14.76 - 18.09 0.002
Region 1 9.96a   7.68 - 12.83 13.82 10.94 - 17.32 0.012
Region 2 11.86a   9.63 - 14.54 14.93 12.04 - 18.36 0.046
Region 3 11.07a   9.01 - 13.54 14.96 12.49 - 17.81 0.009
Region 4 14.12a 12.02 - 16.52 18.05 15.48 - 20.94 0.009
Region 5 15.91 13.41 - 18.79 17.16 14.72 - 19.90 0.443
Nebraska 9.44   8.32 - 10.70 8.94   7.82 - 10.19 0.476
Regions 1 and 2 7.43 5.67 - 9.68 7.86 6.17 - 9.97 0.651
Region 1 -- -- - -- 8.16   6.00 - 11.01 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 7.59   5.61 - 10.20 --
Region 3 8.34b   6.44 - 10.73 6.66 5.14 - 8.58 0.082
Region 4 6.54 4.96 - 8.57 5.71 4.17 - 7.79 0.352
Region 5 10.70   8.75 - 13.02 9.09   7.40 - 11.13 0.152
Region 6 10.54   8.86 - 12.50 10.66   9.07 - 12.49 0.913
Nevada1 11.52a 10.01 - 13.23 13.94 12.16 - 15.94 0.022
Clark - Region 1 11.08a   9.32 - 13.12 13.85 11.83 - 16.15 0.022
Region 3 10.50   8.22 - 13.30 12.07   9.52 - 15.19 0.266
Capital District -- -- - -- 12.39   9.36 - 16.24 --
Rural/Frontier -- -- - -- 11.78   8.66 - 15.81 --
Washoe - Region 2 14.30 11.60 - 17.50 15.83 12.99 - 19.15 0.392
New Hampshire 15.54 13.95 - 17.27 14.40 12.84 - 16.12 0.279
Central 14.79 12.61 - 17.27 15.75 13.56 - 18.22 0.471
Central 1 15.30b 12.56 - 18.50 18.63 15.54 - 22.17 0.064
Central 2 14.29 11.47 - 17.68 12.96 10.48 - 15.91 0.389
Northern 15.38 12.43 - 18.87 15.36 12.50 - 18.73 0.992
Southern 15.94a 13.96 - 18.13 13.54 11.82 - 15.46 0.050
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 15.09b 12.29 - 18.38 12.36 10.19 - 14.90 0.089
Southern 2 16.45 14.04 - 19.18 14.27 12.19 - 16.64 0.145
New Jersey 8.52a 7.46 - 9.71 10.50   9.20 - 11.95 0.007
Central 8.94   7.29 - 10.93 10.11   8.22 - 12.39 0.283
Metropolitan 8.56   6.86 - 10.64 10.19   8.37 - 12.35 0.143
Northern 8.02a 6.57 - 9.77 10.69   8.80 - 12.93 0.011
Southern 8.77b   6.95 - 11.02 10.97   8.94 - 13.39 0.055
New Mexico 12.84 11.40 - 14.42 13.70 12.15 - 15.42 0.377
Region 1 12.20   9.95 - 14.88 13.20 10.97 - 15.80 0.490
Region 2 12.45   9.86 - 15.60 12.56   9.87 - 15.86 0.945
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 14.53 12.24 - 17.15 16.96 14.38 - 19.89 0.124
Region 4 11.02   8.58 - 14.06 11.26   8.97 - 14.03 0.869
Region 5 12.34 10.06 - 15.06 11.26   9.16 - 13.78 0.432
New York 12.11b 11.38 - 12.88 13.00 12.18 - 13.87 0.090
Region A 11.70b 10.65 - 12.85 12.92 11.76 - 14.18 0.086
Region 1 10.47   8.55 - 12.76 11.88   9.96 - 14.12 0.242
Region 2 10.79b   9.18 - 12.64 12.99 11.16 - 15.06 0.051
Region 3 18.27b 15.54 - 21.35 15.29 12.75 - 18.23 0.079
Region 4 8.91a   7.47 - 10.58 11.70   9.88 - 13.80 0.008
Region B -- -- - -- 12.30 11.15 - 13.56 --
Region 5 11.33   9.88 - 12.95 12.74 11.17 - 14.49 0.162
Region 6 10.97   9.18 - 13.07 10.91   9.00 - 13.18 0.958
Region 7 12.78 10.56 - 15.39 13.05 10.97 - 15.46 0.832
Region C -- -- - -- 13.77 12.60 - 15.03 --
Region 8 15.62 13.26 - 18.32 13.79 11.69 - 16.20 0.209
Region 9 12.96 10.88 - 15.37 14.27 12.18 - 16.65 0.316
Region 10 16.38 13.66 - 19.52 14.67 12.04 - 17.77 0.303
Region 11 13.23 11.31 - 15.43 13.87 11.67 - 16.41 0.623
Region 12 12.02 10.16 - 14.16 12.89 10.86 - 15.24 0.485
Region D 11.70b 10.27 - 13.31 13.33 11.69 - 15.16 0.080
Region 13 10.67a   8.56 - 13.24 14.45 11.77 - 17.60 0.010
Region 14 12.12   9.88 - 14.78 13.78 11.15 - 16.91 0.246
Region 15 12.21 10.03 - 14.79 11.90   9.67 - 14.56 0.815
North Carolina 9.52   8.35 - 10.84 10.57   9.25 - 12.04 0.167
Alliance -- -- - -- 9.59   7.77 - 11.79 --
Cardinal Innovations -- -- - -- 10.73   8.65 - 13.23 --
CenterPoint/Guilford -- -- - -- 11.44   9.24 - 14.09 --
CenterPoint -- -- - -- 11.16   8.45 - 14.61 --
Guilford -- -- - -- 11.75   9.04 - 15.13 --
CoastalCare -- -- - -- 12.55   9.64 - 16.16 --
Eastpointe -- -- - -- 10.07   7.79 - 12.92 --
ECBH -- -- - -- 10.24   7.87 - 13.21 --
MeckLINK -- -- - -- 11.26   8.72 - 14.41 --
Partners -- -- - -- 10.39   8.20 - 13.09 --
Sandhills -- -- - -- 10.02   7.58 - 13.14 --
Smoky Mountain -- -- - -- 9.76   7.35 - 12.85 --
Western Highlands -- -- - -- 10.79   8.34 - 13.85 --
North Dakota 9.76   8.66 - 10.97 8.90   7.82 - 10.11 0.218
Badlands and West Central 8.21   6.66 - 10.10 7.52 5.97 - 9.44 0.467
Lake Region and South Central 7.48 5.86 - 9.49 8.70   6.79 - 11.10 0.249
North Central and Northwest 8.43   6.76 - 10.45 8.43   6.67 - 10.59 0.998
Northeast 10.62   8.56 - 13.10 11.22   9.18 - 13.64 0.641
Southeast 13.12a 11.16 - 15.36 9.56   8.00 - 11.38 0.002
Ohio 10.70a 10.03 - 11.40 12.08 11.30 - 12.91 0.006
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 9.47   7.66 - 11.65 10.59   8.72 - 12.79 0.322
Boards 3, 52, and 85 8.36   6.64 - 10.48 9.61   7.80 - 11.79 0.248
Boards 4 and 78 9.93   7.88 - 12.45 11.82   9.31 - 14.89 0.162
Boards 5 and 60 10.44a   8.49 - 12.78 13.96 11.52 - 16.80 0.008
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 9.23   7.46 - 11.37 8.17   6.52 - 10.20 0.325
Boards 8, 13, and 83 10.08   8.18 - 12.38 10.20   8.38 - 12.38 0.915
Board 9 (Butler) 11.36   9.28 - 13.85 11.38   9.33 - 13.81 0.988
Board 12 10.78   8.71 - 13.26 12.39 10.05 - 15.18 0.219
Boards 18 and 47 11.15b   9.62 - 12.89 13.06 11.42 - 14.89 0.077
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 8.24   6.47 - 10.45 8.42   6.68 - 10.57 0.858
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 8.96b   7.30 - 10.96 10.95   9.07 - 13.16 0.066
Boards 22, 74, and 87 9.73   7.84 - 12.03 10.36   8.45 - 12.64 0.578
Boards 23 and 45 8.60b   6.85 - 10.75 10.61   8.59 - 13.04 0.067
Board 25 (Franklin) 13.04a 11.22 - 15.09 15.97 13.92 - 18.27 0.026
Boards 27, 71, and 73 7.99 6.38 - 9.96 9.42   7.55 - 11.68 0.186
Boards 28, 43, and 67 8.15a   6.61 - 10.01 10.47   8.70 - 12.56 0.026
Board 31 (Hamilton) 11.78b   9.87 - 14.01 14.02 11.93 - 16.41 0.089
Board 48 (Lucas) 12.31b 10.19 - 14.81 14.89 12.40 - 17.78 0.068
Boards 50 and 76 10.92   8.93 - 13.27 11.48   9.65 - 13.60 0.637
Board 57 (Montgomery) 15.41a 12.68 - 18.59 12.17 10.11 - 14.58 0.032
Board 77 (Summit) 11.10b   9.16 - 13.38 13.55 11.31 - 16.15 0.073
Oklahoma 9.35   8.16 - 10.70 10.07   8.81 - 11.49 0.328
Central 9.08   7.13 - 11.50 10.47   8.25 - 13.21 0.239
East Central 7.25 5.48 - 9.54 8.77   6.61 - 11.55 0.151
Northeast 8.47   6.65 - 10.74 9.16   7.20 - 11.59 0.548
Northwest and Southwest 7.65a 5.87 - 9.92 11.06   8.70 - 13.97 0.006
Oklahoma County 11.82   9.35 - 14.82 11.63   9.48 - 14.19 0.896
Southeast 7.95   6.22 - 10.12 8.82   6.85 - 11.28 0.429
Tulsa County 11.70   9.31 - 14.60 9.76   7.68 - 12.34 0.134
Oregon 13.50a 12.05 - 15.08 16.66 14.97 - 18.50 0.001
Region 1 (Multnomah) 16.65a 13.90 - 19.83 23.65 20.02 - 27.71 0.001
Region 2 13.19 10.89 - 15.90 13.79 11.41 - 16.57 0.688
Region 3 13.03a 10.96 - 15.44 17.17 14.77 - 19.86 0.004
Region 4 11.58   9.34 - 14.26 13.97 11.22 - 17.26 0.122
Region 5 (Central) -- -- - -- 13.20 10.24 - 16.84 --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- -- - -- 12.19   8.86 - 16.55 --
Pennsylvania1 10.08b   9.43 - 10.76 10.96 10.20 - 11.77 0.065
Region 1 (Allegheny) 11.95 10.17 - 13.98 12.73 10.89 - 14.82 0.514
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- -- - -- 8.91   7.26 - 10.90 --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 9.27   7.66 - 11.18 9.32   7.70 - 11.25 0.961
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 8.33   6.92 - 10.00 9.53   7.73 - 11.69 0.241
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- -- - -- 10.06   8.42 - 11.97 --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 10.38   9.10 - 11.82 11.77 10.40 - 13.29 0.120
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- -- - -- 9.06   7.41 - 11.03 --
Regions 17 and 21 10.79   8.70 - 13.32 11.79   9.55 - 14.47 0.433
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 8.28 7.03 - 9.73 8.79   7.47 - 10.33 0.547
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 7.87 6.39 - 9.66 8.10 6.70 - 9.75 0.798
Regions 29 and 34 9.42   7.64 - 11.57 10.27   8.34 - 12.60 0.449
Regions 30 and 50 -- -- - -- 8.60   6.80 - 10.82 --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 13.69a 11.88 - 15.72 16.73 14.63 - 19.06 0.017
Rhode Island 15.48a 13.94 - 17.16 19.24 17.35 - 21.27 0.001
Bristol and Newport 16.41 13.40 - 19.94 18.55 15.15 - 22.50 0.273
Kent 13.63a 11.15 - 16.57 17.53 14.48 - 21.07 0.028
Providence 14.92a 13.08 - 16.98 19.60 17.31 - 22.11 0.001
Washington 19.68 15.78 - 24.26 20.43 17.09 - 24.22 0.737
South Carolina 9.47a   8.30 - 10.77 11.24   9.96 - 12.65 0.018
Region 1 9.36b   7.58 - 11.51 11.40   9.46 - 13.67 0.077
Region 2 9.66   8.07 - 11.52 11.29   9.50 - 13.36 0.140
Region 3 8.32a   6.48 - 10.62 11.21   9.02 - 13.86 0.017
Region 4 10.14   8.18 - 12.51 11.03   9.12 - 13.28 0.455
South Dakota 9.38   8.31 - 10.57 9.08   7.90 - 10.42 0.672
Region 1 -- -- - -- 11.04   8.96 - 13.52 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 8.66   6.43 - 11.55 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 8.54   6.81 - 10.66 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 8.48   6.49 - 11.01 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 8.26   6.70 - 10.15 --
Tennessee 8.17 7.13 - 9.33 9.06   7.90 - 10.38 0.163
Region 1 8.62   6.51 - 11.34 8.00   6.10 - 10.42 0.591
Region 2 9.18   7.22 - 11.62 7.72 6.00 - 9.87 0.175
Region 3 -- -- - -- 8.94   7.07 - 11.25 --
Region 4 (Davidson) 10.82   8.40 - 13.83 12.07   9.60 - 15.08 0.387
Region 5 -- -- - -- 8.74   6.95 - 10.94 --
Region 6 7.09 5.36 - 9.32 8.23   6.30 - 10.68 0.280
Region 7 (Shelby) 8.19b   6.29 - 10.60 10.60   8.47 - 13.19 0.055
Texas 8.49a 7.92 - 9.10 9.39   8.72 - 10.11 0.031
Region 1 9.29   7.59 - 11.32 10.68   8.66 - 13.10 0.204
Region 2 8.18   6.38 - 10.45 8.23   6.32 - 10.66 0.966
Region 3 8.28a 7.37 - 9.28 9.80   8.77 - 10.92 0.016
Region 3a 8.54 7.42 - 9.82 9.24   8.01 - 10.63 0.364
Region 3bc 7.81a 6.50 - 9.36 10.77   9.23 - 12.53 0.001
Region 4 7.20b 5.71 - 9.05 9.02   7.23 - 11.19 0.062
Region 5 8.13   6.44 - 10.23 8.98   7.13 - 11.24 0.423
Region 6 8.17 7.21 - 9.24 8.28 7.26 - 9.43 0.861
Region 6a 8.03 6.99 - 9.20 8.08 6.99 - 9.32 0.939
Region 6bc 9.31   7.40 - 11.65 9.99   7.89 - 12.57 0.549
Region 7 12.60 11.10 - 14.27 12.22 10.81 - 13.79 0.679
Region 7a 13.42 11.39 - 15.76 14.15 12.13 - 16.44 0.570
Region 7bcd 11.38a   9.60 - 13.45 8.99   7.41 - 10.87 0.021
Region 8 7.76b 6.47 - 9.28 9.39   7.95 - 11.06 0.066
Region 9 8.38   6.58 - 10.61 9.00   7.12 - 11.32 0.556
Region 10 7.08 5.59 - 8.93 7.86 6.30 - 9.76 0.366
Region 11 6.57a 5.48 - 7.85 8.03 6.83 - 9.43 0.027
Region 11abd 6.89a 5.51 - 8.60 9.16   7.56 - 11.06 0.011
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 5.90 4.55 - 7.62 6.05 4.69 - 7.77 0.845
Utah 7.86 6.84 - 9.00 7.28 6.31 - 8.40 0.377
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 8.31b   6.47 - 10.61 6.59 5.11 - 8.45 0.072
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 5.85 4.36 - 7.81 6.40 4.76 - 8.56 0.531
Davis County 7.68   5.83 - 10.04 6.30 4.80 - 8.22 0.156
Salt Lake County 9.30   7.74 - 11.13 8.56   7.09 - 10.31 0.465
Utah County 5.63 4.32 - 7.30 6.55 5.14 - 8.31 0.273
Weber, Morgan 7.74   5.86 - 10.15 6.67 4.97 - 8.90 0.278
Vermont 15.52a 13.96 - 17.23 18.65 16.89 - 20.54 0.005
Champlain Valley 17.37a 15.15 - 19.83 21.63 19.24 - 24.22 0.006
Rural Northeast 15.37 12.89 - 18.21 17.24 14.50 - 20.38 0.257
Rural Southeast 14.22 11.60 - 17.31 16.57 13.72 - 19.88 0.184
Rural Southwest 13.14b 10.70 - 16.03 15.99 13.19 - 19.25 0.083
Virginia 9.61   8.49 - 10.87 10.13   8.92 - 11.48 0.481
Region 1 -- -- - -- 12.28 10.13 - 14.81 --
Region 2 9.14   7.33 - 11.34 7.60 6.04 - 9.52 0.157
Region 3 10.06   8.14 - 12.38 9.89   7.91 - 12.29 0.879
Region 4 -- -- - -- 9.79   7.78 - 12.26 --
Region 5 9.83a   8.09 - 11.91 12.18 10.10 - 14.63 0.050
Washington1 12.33a 10.98 - 13.82 15.54 13.96 - 17.26 0.001
Region 1 -- -- - -- 13.37 11.20 - 15.89 --
East 1 (previously Region 1) 11.89   9.48 - 14.82 13.97 11.13 - 17.40 0.182
East 2 (previously Region 2) 10.08b   7.73 - 13.03 12.56   9.95 - 15.73 0.086
Region 2 -- -- - -- 17.01 14.95 - 19.29 --
North 1 (previously Region 3) 12.06a   9.76 - 14.80 16.43 13.74 - 19.52 0.006
North 2 (previously Region 4) 13.12a 10.94 - 15.66 17.35 14.79 - 20.25 0.006
Region 3 -- -- - -- 14.91 12.79 - 17.30 --
West 1 (previously Region 5) 13.32 10.85 - 16.26 15.63 12.95 - 18.74 0.143
West 2 (previously Region 6) 11.79   9.45 - 14.62 14.24 11.58 - 17.38 0.113
West Virginia1 9.68   8.59 - 10.88 9.79   8.63 - 11.10 0.870
Region I 8.88   6.82 - 11.50 8.74   6.60 - 11.50 0.909
Region II -- -- - -- 9.93   7.80 - 12.55 --
Region III 7.95   6.05 - 10.38 7.41 5.63 - 9.69 0.600
Region IV -- -- - -- 13.38 11.34 - 15.73 --
Region V -- -- - -- 8.77   7.26 - 10.56 --
Region VI -- -- - -- 8.66   6.76 - 11.03 --
Wisconsin 10.58   9.46 - 11.82 10.28   9.01 - 11.71 0.679
Milwaukee 12.59 10.24 - 15.38 13.67 10.85 - 17.09 0.480
Northeastern 9.49   7.72 - 11.61 8.76   7.08 - 10.79 0.507
Northern 9.82   7.67 - 12.48 7.94   5.94 - 10.54 0.111
Southeastern 9.76   7.87 - 12.04 10.32   8.22 - 12.89 0.634
Southern -- -- - -- 10.43   8.58 - 12.63 --
Western -- -- - -- 9.86   7.85 - 12.31 --
Wyoming 10.38   9.21 - 11.69 10.04   8.81 - 11.42 0.635
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 9.73   7.66 - 12.30 9.47   7.50 - 11.89 0.829
Judicial District 2 15.14 12.35 - 18.42 14.87 12.15 - 18.07 0.871
Judicial District 3 10.01a   7.98 - 12.48 6.64 5.15 - 8.51 0.002
Judicial District 4 9.18   7.15 - 11.70 9.48   7.31 - 12.22 0.790
Judicial District 5 8.16   6.18 - 10.70 7.98   6.00 - 10.52 0.869
Judicial District 6 9.01   6.95 - 11.60 8.59   6.62 - 11.08 0.716
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 11.30   8.94 - 14.19 10.87   8.77 - 13.39 0.732
Judicial District 8 7.26a 5.42 - 9.66 9.73   7.46 - 12.58 0.035
Judicial District 9 12.20   9.45 - 15.61 13.26 10.21 - 17.05 0.539
140430
Table 3 – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the methodology write-up for comparing estimates located below the tables.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 6.12a 5.95 - 6.29 7.01 6.82 - 7.20 0.000
Northeast 6.78a 6.44 - 7.13 7.66 7.25 - 8.08 0.000
Midwest 6.03a 5.78 - 6.29 6.68 6.39 - 7.00 0.000
South 5.39a 5.18 - 5.62 5.74 5.47 - 6.01 0.035
West 6.79a 6.42 - 7.18 8.82 8.37 - 9.30 0.000
Alabama 4.45 3.71 - 5.33 5.02 4.21 - 5.98 0.254
Region 1 3.98 2.97 - 5.31 5.07 3.82 - 6.69 0.121
Region 2 5.15 4.03 - 6.56 5.56 4.34 - 7.09 0.604
Region 3 4.39 3.24 - 5.92 4.28 3.16 - 5.75 0.870
Region 4 4.08 3.05 - 5.44 4.77 3.60 - 6.30 0.323
Alaska 10.34b   8.89 - 11.99 12.34 10.72 - 14.17 0.061
Anchorage -- -- - -- 12.48 10.39 - 14.91 --
Northern -- -- - -- 13.14 10.50 - 16.31 --
South Central -- -- - -- 11.42   8.90 - 14.55 --
Southeast 10.51   7.74 - 14.13 12.43   9.38 - 16.31 0.314
Arizona 5.65a 4.73 - 6.75 6.97 5.86 - 8.27 0.050
Maricopa 5.54 4.49 - 6.83 6.66 5.44 - 8.12 0.160
Pima 6.41 4.83 - 8.46 8.17   6.10 - 10.86 0.101
Rural North 6.15 4.49 - 8.37 7.43   5.41 - 10.12 0.246
Rural South 4.69a 3.25 - 6.71 6.59 4.57 - 9.41 0.042
Arkansas1 5.69 4.83 - 6.70 4.95 4.15 - 5.91 0.157
Catchment Area 1 -- -- - -- 5.25 3.88 - 7.07 --
Catchment Area 2 4.64 3.31 - 6.47 4.46 3.11 - 6.35 0.821
Catchment Area 3 5.35b 4.01 - 7.10 3.99 2.83 - 5.58 0.062
Catchment Area 4 -- -- - -- 4.98 3.46 - 7.13 --
Catchment Area 5 -- -- - -- 5.05 3.67 - 6.91 --
Catchment Area 6 -- -- - -- 5.46 3.83 - 7.73 --
Catchment Area 7 -- -- - -- 3.98 2.71 - 5.81 --
Catchment Area 8 6.75 5.14 - 8.82 5.82 4.48 - 7.53 0.321
California 6.79a 6.21 - 7.42 8.74 8.06 - 9.48 0.000
Region 1R -- -- - -- 15.38 11.77 - 19.86 --
Region 2R -- -- - -- 10.82   8.40 - 13.83 --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- -- - -- 10.46   8.12 - 13.37 --
Region 4R -- -- - -- 10.30   8.07 - 13.06 --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- -- - -- 13.47 10.18 - 17.61 --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 5.24 3.95 - 6.91 6.50 5.02 - 8.39 0.141
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- -- - -- 8.80   6.67 - 11.53 --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- -- - -- 9.06   7.05 - 11.58 --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- -- - -- 7.54   5.44 - 10.35 --
Region 10 7.44 5.72 - 9.63 9.29   7.10 - 12.06 0.110
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 5.55a 4.70 - 6.53 8.04 7.13 - 9.05 0.000
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- -- - -- 9.27   7.01 - 12.16 --
LA SPA 2 -- -- - -- 6.98 5.40 - 8.97 --
LA SPA 3 -- -- - -- 6.08 4.72 - 7.81 --
LA SPA 4 -- -- - -- 9.88   7.52 - 12.88 --
LA SPA 6 -- -- - -- 10.00   7.71 - 12.88 --
LA SPA 7 -- -- - -- 6.19 4.65 - 8.18 --
LA SPA 8 -- -- - -- 9.91   7.85 - 12.43 --
Region 12R -- -- - -- 8.16   5.95 - 11.09 --
Regions 13 and 19R -- -- - -- 8.12 6.61 - 9.94 --
Region 13 (Riverside) 6.15a 4.70 - 8.00 8.31   6.69 - 10.27 0.025
Region 19R (Imperial) -- -- - -- 5.72 4.01 - 8.10 --
Region 14 (Orange) 6.29 5.01 - 7.86 7.18 5.85 - 8.78 0.310
Region 15R (Fresno) -- -- - -- 7.81   5.83 - 10.38 --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- -- - -- 9.10   7.48 - 11.03 --
Region 17R -- -- - -- 7.68 5.91 - 9.92 --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- -- - -- 7.76 6.21 - 9.65 --
Region 20R -- -- - -- 8.51   6.47 - 11.11 --
Region 21R -- -- - -- 12.25   9.43 - 15.77 --
Colorado 7.76a 6.69 - 8.97 11.66 10.17 - 13.34 0.000
Region 1 6.53a 5.06 - 8.39 9.59   7.39 - 12.35 0.008
Regions 2 and 7 8.58a   7.15 - 10.26 13.45 11.36 - 15.84 0.000
Region 3 6.71a 5.06 - 8.85 9.08   6.92 - 11.82 0.047
Region 4 5.60a 4.02 - 7.75 8.50   5.84 - 12.21 0.015
Regions 5 and 6 7.49b   5.51 - 10.12 10.11   7.47 - 13.54 0.063
Connecticut 6.73a 5.78 - 7.83 8.32 7.13 - 9.68 0.022
Eastern 7.38 5.51 - 9.82 7.86   6.03 - 10.20 0.666
North Central 6.59b 5.28 - 8.21 8.33   6.60 - 10.45 0.086
Northwestern 8.88   6.77 - 11.57 7.44 5.58 - 9.85 0.273
South Central 6.45a 5.07 - 8.16 10.06   7.92 - 12.70 0.002
Southwest 4.96a 3.66 - 6.69 7.23 5.42 - 9.59 0.017
Delaware 6.36 5.49 - 7.36 7.00 6.02 - 8.13 0.288
Kent 5.36 3.96 - 7.21 6.04 4.48 - 8.11 0.472
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 7.05 5.97 - 8.31 7.14 5.96 - 8.54 0.906
Sussex 4.87b 3.72 - 6.36 6.32 4.80 - 8.29 0.094
Wilmington City 7.46b   5.35 - 10.30 10.11   7.57 - 13.38 0.062
District of Columbia 8.27a 7.07 - 9.66 10.45   9.05 - 12.03 0.014
Ward 1 9.34   6.99 - 12.36 11.77   8.93 - 15.36 0.152
Ward 2 9.60   7.33 - 12.47 10.75   8.34 - 13.75 0.445
Ward 3 7.91   5.96 - 10.45 9.05   6.93 - 11.73 0.392
Ward 4 6.13a 4.44 - 8.42 9.99   7.31 - 13.51 0.006
Ward 5 7.22a 5.41 - 9.58 10.81   8.35 - 13.88 0.010
Ward 6 9.05   6.64 - 12.22 10.33   7.64 - 13.83 0.434
Ward 7 8.17   6.20 - 10.70 9.57   7.13 - 12.72 0.334
Ward 8 8.92b   6.85 - 11.55 11.44   8.99 - 14.44 0.085
Florida1 6.34 5.78 - 6.95 6.48 5.91 - 7.11 0.728
Region A - Northwest -- -- - -- 8.51   7.22 - 10.00 --
Circuit 1 7.19 5.54 - 9.28 7.43 5.80 - 9.47 0.824
Circuit 2 -- -- - -- 10.62   8.38 - 13.38 --
Circuit 14 -- -- - -- 8.23   6.00 - 11.18 --
Region B - Northeast -- -- - -- 7.53 6.41 - 8.84 --
Circuits 3 and 8 -- -- - -- 8.92   6.98 - 11.34 --
Circuit 4 -- -- - -- 7.81 6.09 - 9.95 --
Circuit 7 -- -- - -- 6.28 4.84 - 8.11 --
Region C - Central -- -- - -- 6.72 5.86 - 7.70 --
Circuit 5 3.92a 2.91 - 5.26 5.62 4.25 - 7.38 0.021
Circuit 9 -- -- - -- 7.63 6.18 - 9.40 --
Circuit 10 5.26 4.00 - 6.91 6.10 4.64 - 7.99 0.333
Circuit 18 -- -- - -- 7.49 5.81 - 9.61 --
Circuit 19 5.01 3.73 - 6.69 6.08 4.44 - 8.27 0.237
Region D - Southeast -- -- - -- 5.25 4.40 - 6.27 --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 5.86 4.58 - 7.47 5.20 4.00 - 6.74 0.428
Circuit 17 (Broward) 6.63b 5.32 - 8.24 5.29 4.23 - 6.60 0.089
Region E - Sun Coast -- -- - -- 6.81 5.88 - 7.88 --
Circuit 6 -- -- - -- 7.58 5.96 - 9.61 --
Circuit 12 -- -- - -- 6.55 4.84 - 8.81 --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- -- - -- 6.66 5.40 - 8.18 --
Circuit 20 4.04a 3.00 - 5.43 6.20 4.70 - 8.15 0.009
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 5.12 4.17 - 6.26 4.82 3.98 - 5.82 0.627
Georgia 5.42 4.52 - 6.49 5.34 4.49 - 6.33 0.886
Region 1 -- -- - -- 4.50 3.42 - 5.88 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 4.54 3.28 - 6.26 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 6.50 5.10 - 8.26 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 5.62 3.95 - 7.93 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 5.77 4.00 - 8.27 --
Region 6 -- -- - -- 4.70 3.40 - 6.47 --
Hawaii 7.09 5.93 - 8.45 7.06 5.96 - 8.34 0.969
Hawaii Island 9.26   6.78 - 12.52 9.27   6.82 - 12.47 0.996
Honolulu 5.89 4.79 - 7.23 6.21 5.11 - 7.52 0.686
Kauai and Maui 10.86   7.88 - 14.77 8.85   6.72 - 11.58 0.257
Kauai -- -- - -- 8.78   5.99 - 12.68 --
Maui -- -- - -- 8.88   6.48 - 12.06 --
Idaho 4.74a 3.97 - 5.65 6.44 5.43 - 7.62 0.002
Region 1 5.14 3.71 - 7.08 5.60 3.95 - 7.88 0.616
Region 2 6.24 4.51 - 8.59 7.69   5.53 - 10.58 0.212
Region 3 4.38a 3.22 - 5.93 6.18 4.56 - 8.33 0.036
Region 4 4.98a 3.80 - 6.50 8.00   6.29 - 10.13 0.002
Region 5 4.44 3.22 - 6.10 4.70 3.33 - 6.59 0.737
Region 6 4.40a 3.21 - 6.00 6.76 4.86 - 9.32 0.005
Region 7 3.82 2.70 - 5.38 4.86 3.50 - 6.73 0.153
Illinois 5.62a 5.13 - 6.16 6.75 6.21 - 7.34 0.002
Region I (Cook) 6.38a 5.60 - 7.25 8.21 7.30 - 9.22 0.002
Region II 5.09 4.36 - 5.92 5.53 4.81 - 6.35 0.375
Region III 5.55 4.65 - 6.62 6.12 5.09 - 7.35 0.370
Region IV 4.48 3.56 - 5.63 4.81 3.75 - 6.16 0.590
Region V 4.83a 3.93 - 5.93 6.75 5.54 - 8.20 0.008
Indiana 5.93 5.05 - 6.96 6.45 5.46 - 7.59 0.371
Central 6.67 5.17 - 8.56 6.76 5.17 - 8.81 0.926
East 5.88 4.28 - 8.02 6.79 4.92 - 9.30 0.356
North Central 6.42 4.82 - 8.51 6.83 5.11 - 9.07 0.692
Northeast 4.70 3.35 - 6.55 5.22 3.81 - 7.12 0.517
Northwest 5.63 4.07 - 7.74 6.67 4.85 - 9.11 0.338
Southeast 4.77 3.48 - 6.51 5.42 4.00 - 7.30 0.416
Southwest 5.60 4.07 - 7.67 5.30 3.70 - 7.54 0.727
West 6.48 4.91 - 8.51 7.60   5.66 - 10.12 0.273
Iowa 4.39a 3.65 - 5.28 5.69 4.79 - 6.73 0.010
Central 4.47b 3.22 - 6.17 5.96 4.47 - 7.91 0.067
North Central 4.75a 3.44 - 6.53 7.79   5.72 - 10.51 0.001
Northeast 4.48 3.42 - 5.84 5.22 4.03 - 6.74 0.284
Northwest 3.72 2.66 - 5.18 3.79 2.65 - 5.39 0.917
Southeast 4.85a 3.61 - 6.48 6.52 4.94 - 8.57 0.050
Southwest 3.77b 2.60 - 5.42 5.12 3.68 - 7.09 0.076
Kansas 4.79 4.00 - 5.74 4.55 3.75 - 5.50 0.619
Kansas City Metro 5.65 4.42 - 7.21 4.82 3.74 - 6.19 0.277
Northeast 4.57 3.38 - 6.15 4.31 3.11 - 5.94 0.718
South Central 4.45 3.23 - 6.10 4.15 2.88 - 5.94 0.687
Southeast 3.66b 2.52 - 5.27 4.95 3.35 - 7.26 0.095
West 3.48 2.44 - 4.94 4.34 3.06 - 6.12 0.179
Wichita (Sedgwick) 5.16 3.83 - 6.93 4.54 3.30 - 6.22 0.428
Kentucky 6.46b 5.48 - 7.60 5.36 4.52 - 6.34 0.051
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 4.40 3.18 - 6.06 3.78 2.71 - 5.24 0.383
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 7.10b 5.58 - 9.00 5.48 4.32 - 6.92 0.067
Communicare and River Valley 6.41 4.69 - 8.71 5.43 3.84 - 7.63 0.303
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 5.59 4.02 - 7.73 5.06 3.55 - 7.15 0.543
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 5.19 3.77 - 7.12 4.04 2.82 - 5.77 0.142
Seven Counties 8.40   6.56 - 10.70 7.16 5.54 - 9.21 0.276
Louisiana 5.56a 4.74 - 6.51 4.50 3.80 - 5.33 0.025
Regions 1 and 10 -- -- - -- 5.95 4.65 - 7.58 --
Region 1 7.32 5.38 - 9.88 6.39 4.69 - 8.64 0.384
Region 10 (Jefferson) 5.96 4.37 - 8.09 5.51 3.96 - 7.62 0.623
Regions 2 and 9 5.92b 4.73 - 7.39 4.60 3.62 - 5.82 0.056
Region 3 5.15 3.71 - 7.13 4.50 3.16 - 6.37 0.420
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- -- - -- 3.74 2.77 - 5.05 --
Regions 7 and 8 5.07 3.90 - 6.55 3.99 2.96 - 5.35 0.106
Maine1 7.98 6.86 - 9.26 8.41 7.27 - 9.70 0.557
Aroostook/Downeast -- -- - -- 6.88 5.26 - 8.96 --
Aroostook -- -- - -- 6.49 4.56 - 9.17 --
Downeast -- -- - -- 7.20   5.10 - 10.06 --
Central -- -- - -- 8.24   6.34 - 10.65 --
Cumberland 9.22   7.30 - 11.58 9.38   7.38 - 11.86 0.896
Midcoast 6.82 5.09 - 9.07 7.76   5.67 - 10.53 0.421
Penquis -- -- - -- 8.55   6.64 - 10.95 --
Western -- -- - -- 9.47   7.33 - 12.15 --
York 6.78 5.11 - 8.95 7.72   5.85 - 10.12 0.405
Maryland 5.30 4.48 - 6.26 5.69 4.84 - 6.68 0.444
Anne Arundel 5.78 4.17 - 7.94 5.12 3.64 - 7.16 0.467
Baltimore City 6.96 5.25 - 9.18 8.17   6.27 - 10.58 0.286
Baltimore County -- -- - -- 5.21 3.81 - 7.09 --
Montgomery 4.96 3.66 - 6.69 5.38 4.00 - 7.20 0.601
North Central -- -- - -- 5.25 3.78 - 7.25 --
Northeast -- -- - -- 4.85 3.41 - 6.85 --
Prince George's 5.38 3.98 - 7.25 5.83 4.29 - 7.89 0.603
South -- -- - -- 6.63 4.81 - 9.08 --
West -- -- - -- 4.59 3.27 - 6.40 --
Massachusetts 7.74a 6.73 - 8.89 9.73   8.49 - 11.13 0.007
Boston 9.66   7.45 - 12.44 11.54   9.03 - 14.64 0.208
Central 7.51b 5.74 - 9.77 9.87   7.58 - 12.77 0.063
Metrowest 6.70a 5.27 - 8.50 9.19   7.29 - 11.53 0.022
Northeast 7.22 5.57 - 9.31 9.10   7.19 - 11.47 0.102
Southeast 7.71b 6.12 - 9.67 9.91   7.82 - 12.47 0.064
Western 8.90   6.93 - 11.35 9.52   7.37 - 12.22 0.623
Michigan1 7.31a 6.72 - 7.94 8.74 8.07 - 9.47 0.002
Detroit City 9.12a   7.42 - 11.16 13.59 11.17 - 16.45 0.002
Genesee 9.23   7.24 - 11.70 9.57   7.67 - 11.89 0.780
Kalamazoo -- -- - -- 8.86   7.06 - 11.05 --
Kent 6.04a 4.76 - 7.64 8.48   6.81 - 10.51 0.013
Lakeshore -- -- - -- 7.52 6.02 - 9.36 --
Macomb 7.00 5.62 - 8.69 7.06 5.73 - 8.67 0.947
Mid South -- -- - -- 8.27   6.79 - 10.04 --
Northern 6.66a 5.37 - 8.24 9.06   7.44 - 10.98 0.016
Oakland 7.24 5.97 - 8.77 7.90 6.56 - 9.48 0.470
Pathways and Western -- -- - -- 11.44   9.04 - 14.38 --
Riverhaven 6.32 4.73 - 8.40 7.93   6.07 - 10.30 0.122
Saginaw 6.56a 4.81 - 8.88 8.74   6.58 - 11.51 0.049
Southeast 7.06b 5.86 - 8.49 8.66   7.22 - 10.36 0.087
St. Clair 6.22 4.69 - 8.20 7.80   5.92 - 10.23 0.131
Washtenaw 7.59 6.09 - 9.42 8.20   6.66 - 10.07 0.535
Minnesota 6.16 5.22 - 7.26 6.24 5.32 - 7.31 0.897
Regions 1 and 2 6.68 4.91 - 9.04 6.21 4.37 - 8.76 0.656
Regions 3 and 4 5.43 4.18 - 7.04 5.86 4.44 - 7.71 0.600
Regions 5 and 6 5.27 4.04 - 6.84 6.69 5.14 - 8.68 0.103
Region 7A (Hennepin) 7.58 5.87 - 9.74 6.52 5.07 - 8.34 0.289
Region 7B (Ramsey) 7.45   5.44 - 10.11 7.19   5.12 - 10.01 0.831
Region 7C 5.10 3.82 - 6.79 5.46 4.17 - 7.12 0.659
Mississippi 4.41a 3.64 - 5.34 5.46 4.62 - 6.46 0.035
Region 1 3.77a 2.78 - 5.09 5.25 4.00 - 6.87 0.034
Region 2 4.75 3.45 - 6.50 5.99 4.40 - 8.12 0.161
Region 3 3.94b 2.83 - 5.47 5.30 3.84 - 7.27 0.069
Region 4 4.38 3.16 - 6.04 5.41 4.07 - 7.15 0.196
Region 5 3.82 2.58 - 5.61 4.75 3.21 - 6.96 0.221
Region 6 4.67 3.34 - 6.50 4.81 3.48 - 6.62 0.852
Region 7 5.51 3.97 - 7.59 6.27 4.65 - 8.40 0.425
Missouri 6.30 5.34 - 7.41 5.88 4.99 - 6.91 0.459
Central 7.16a 5.50 - 9.27 5.18 3.80 - 7.01 0.035
Eastern 6.73 5.36 - 8.42 6.79 5.52 - 8.32 0.949
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 7.04 5.40 - 9.13 7.29 5.68 - 9.33 0.810
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 6.10 4.46 - 8.28 5.91 4.43 - 7.83 0.833
Northwest 6.63 5.23 - 8.37 5.83 4.62 - 7.31 0.312
Northwest (Jackson) 7.71   5.87 - 10.05 6.47 4.89 - 8.52 0.246
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 5.66 4.07 - 7.82 5.28 3.88 - 7.13 0.669
Southeast 4.73 3.37 - 6.58 4.19 2.97 - 5.88 0.478
Southwest 5.23 3.90 - 6.99 5.83 4.29 - 7.86 0.493
Montana 8.54a 7.36 - 9.87 10.65   9.32 - 12.15 0.012
Region 1 7.05 5.07 - 9.71 7.68   5.53 - 10.57 0.614
Region 2 7.69   5.82 - 10.10 9.66   7.25 - 12.76 0.139
Region 3 6.89a 5.23 - 9.03 10.13   8.00 - 12.75 0.010
Region 4 9.53b   7.67 - 11.78 11.87   9.71 - 14.42 0.080
Region 5 9.66   7.75 - 11.97 11.17   9.10 - 13.63 0.263
Nebraska 5.38 4.56 - 6.34 5.32 4.48 - 6.30 0.901
Regions 1 and 2 4.06 2.85 - 5.76 4.21 3.00 - 5.89 0.831
Region 1 -- -- - -- 4.49 2.94 - 6.80 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 3.96 2.63 - 5.92 --
Region 3 4.80 3.53 - 6.48 4.44 3.19 - 6.15 0.607
Region 4 4.37a 3.15 - 6.03 3.03 2.05 - 4.46 0.031
Region 5 5.58 4.34 - 7.16 4.91 3.76 - 6.39 0.378
Region 6 6.16 4.96 - 7.63 6.71 5.42 - 8.28 0.511
Nevada1 7.06 5.90 - 8.43 7.97 6.63 - 9.54 0.290
Clark - Region 1 6.76 5.46 - 8.35 7.71 6.24 - 9.50 0.326
Region 3 6.29 4.64 - 8.49 7.26 5.36 - 9.77 0.368
Capital District -- -- - -- 7.25   4.98 - 10.45 --
Rural/Frontier -- -- - -- 7.27   4.94 - 10.59 --
Washoe - Region 2 9.02   6.93 - 11.67 9.67   7.35 - 12.64 0.656
New Hampshire 9.60   8.35 - 11.02 8.72 7.60 - 9.99 0.281
Central 8.56   6.97 - 10.47 9.19   7.59 - 11.10 0.532
Central 1 8.18a   6.39 - 10.43 11.24   8.95 - 14.03 0.020
Central 2 8.92   6.78 - 11.64 7.21 5.51 - 9.37 0.160
Northern 8.91   6.72 - 11.73 9.90   7.57 - 12.84 0.504
Southern 10.25a   8.72 - 12.02 8.23 7.00 - 9.65 0.035
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 9.50   7.33 - 12.23 8.18   6.52 - 10.20 0.294
Southern 2 10.71a   8.85 - 12.91 8.26   6.77 - 10.05 0.040
New Jersey 4.67a 3.93 - 5.55 6.30 5.32 - 7.45 0.003
Central 5.15 3.90 - 6.75 6.03 4.61 - 7.85 0.297
Metropolitan 4.65 3.54 - 6.09 5.82 4.47 - 7.55 0.133
Northern 4.41a 3.42 - 5.67 6.50 5.01 - 8.39 0.008
Southern 4.59a 3.42 - 6.12 6.83 5.24 - 8.86 0.011
New Mexico 7.79 6.68 - 9.06 8.59 7.37 - 9.99 0.303
Region 1 7.51 5.70 - 9.85 8.08   6.33 - 10.28 0.633
Region 2 7.48   5.41 - 10.27 7.75   5.76 - 10.34 0.831
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 9.22   7.46 - 11.34 11.16   9.13 - 13.57 0.119
Region 4 6.66 4.94 - 8.91 6.54 4.83 - 8.78 0.905
Region 5 6.83 5.27 - 8.82 6.82 5.16 - 8.95 0.985
New York 7.53 6.91 - 8.20 7.80 7.16 - 8.50 0.534
Region A 7.12 6.27 - 8.08 7.40 6.54 - 8.35 0.637
Region 1 6.83 5.27 - 8.80 7.02 5.53 - 8.88 0.849
Region 2 6.80 5.51 - 8.38 7.86 6.52 - 9.45 0.223
Region 3 10.73a   8.72 - 13.13 7.24 5.69 - 9.18 0.005
Region 4 5.13a 4.02 - 6.53 7.12 5.78 - 8.75 0.019
Region B -- -- - -- 7.70 6.72 - 8.81 --
Region 5 7.06 5.92 - 8.39 7.88 6.64 - 9.32 0.329
Region 6 6.48 5.11 - 8.17 6.93 5.36 - 8.92 0.635
Region 7 8.03   6.31 - 10.15 8.33   6.57 - 10.52 0.774
Region C -- -- - -- 8.31 7.39 - 9.33 --
Region 8 9.99   8.08 - 12.30 8.26   6.66 - 10.20 0.131
Region 9 8.80   7.11 - 10.85 8.87   7.15 - 10.95 0.952
Region 10 9.09   7.22 - 11.38 8.96   6.93 - 11.52 0.916
Region 11 8.47   6.90 - 10.35 7.90 6.28 - 9.90 0.590
Region 12 7.77 6.28 - 9.59 8.01 6.40 - 9.99 0.814
Region D 7.61 6.46 - 8.94 8.76   7.37 - 10.37 0.144
Region 13 7.02a 5.33 - 9.19 9.36   7.14 - 12.19 0.048
Region 14 7.46 5.75 - 9.63 9.16   6.99 - 11.92 0.159
Region 15 8.27   6.46 - 10.53 7.82   5.96 - 10.18 0.694
North Carolina 5.44a 4.59 - 6.44 6.89 5.83 - 8.13 0.018
Alliance -- -- - -- 6.67 5.12 - 8.63 --
Cardinal Innovations -- -- - -- 6.50 4.92 - 8.54 --
CenterPoint/Guilford -- -- - -- 6.81 5.16 - 8.95 --
CenterPoint -- -- - -- 6.74 4.66 - 9.66 --
Guilford -- -- - -- 6.89 4.92 - 9.57 --
CoastalCare -- -- - -- 7.50   5.28 - 10.56 --
Eastpointe -- -- - -- 6.86 5.01 - 9.32 --
ECBH -- -- - -- 6.83 4.92 - 9.42 --
MeckLINK -- -- - -- 7.27   5.17 - 10.13 --
Partners -- -- - -- 6.98 5.13 - 9.44 --
Sandhills -- -- - -- 6.61 4.66 - 9.31 --
Smoky Mountain -- -- - -- 6.57 4.57 - 9.35 --
Western Highlands -- -- - -- 8.00   5.66 - 11.18 --
North Dakota 5.31 4.51 - 6.24 4.54 3.77 - 5.46 0.131
Badlands and West Central 4.55 3.42 - 6.02 3.59 2.61 - 4.92 0.145
Lake Region and South Central 4.56 3.34 - 6.20 4.66 3.33 - 6.49 0.897
North Central and Northwest 4.57 3.38 - 6.16 4.05 2.93 - 5.59 0.470
Northeast 5.58 4.20 - 7.37 5.71 4.32 - 7.51 0.876
Southeast 6.87b 5.53 - 8.50 5.17 3.98 - 6.69 0.051
Ohio 6.36 5.84 - 6.93 6.94 6.38 - 7.55 0.119
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 5.34 4.05 - 7.00 6.79 5.29 - 8.68 0.102
Boards 3, 52, and 85 4.94 3.75 - 6.49 5.58 4.25 - 7.30 0.375
Boards 4 and 78 6.03 4.61 - 7.85 6.47 4.70 - 8.85 0.654
Boards 5 and 60 5.96a 4.58 - 7.72 8.65   6.79 - 10.95 0.007
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 5.28 3.97 - 6.99 4.77 3.59 - 6.32 0.536
Boards 8, 13, and 83 5.82 4.44 - 7.59 5.49 4.25 - 7.05 0.677
Board 9 (Butler) 6.68 5.18 - 8.58 6.86 5.30 - 8.82 0.849
Board 12 7.70   5.89 - 10.00 6.21 4.66 - 8.23 0.155
Boards 18 and 47 6.41 5.32 - 7.70 7.32 6.17 - 8.66 0.222
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 4.19 3.06 - 5.71 4.79 3.52 - 6.49 0.410
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 5.37 4.18 - 6.87 6.24 4.80 - 8.09 0.280
Boards 22, 74, and 87 5.48 4.09 - 7.30 6.39 4.90 - 8.31 0.310
Boards 23 and 45 5.18 3.91 - 6.85 6.43 4.90 - 8.40 0.140
Board 25 (Franklin) 7.24a 5.98 - 8.74 9.30   7.73 - 11.16 0.038
Boards 27, 71, and 73 4.78 3.56 - 6.40 5.18 3.88 - 6.87 0.625
Boards 28, 43, and 67 5.00 3.84 - 6.48 6.27 4.91 - 7.96 0.116
Board 31 (Hamilton) 7.30 5.81 - 9.13 7.82 6.32 - 9.65 0.599
Board 48 (Lucas) 7.70 6.11 - 9.67 7.69 5.92 - 9.93 0.989
Boards 50 and 76 6.70 5.22 - 8.55 7.04 5.57 - 8.86 0.721
Board 57 (Montgomery) 9.55a   7.52 - 12.05 6.59 5.07 - 8.54 0.013
Board 77 (Summit) 7.26 5.71 - 9.18 8.22   6.51 - 10.34 0.368
Oklahoma 5.31 4.43 - 6.35 6.10 5.12 - 7.26 0.167
Central 5.36 3.93 - 7.29 5.66 4.04 - 7.88 0.733
East Central 3.86a 2.68 - 5.54 5.60 3.92 - 7.92 0.026
Northeast 4.85 3.55 - 6.60 5.49 3.97 - 7.55 0.471
Northwest and Southwest 4.15a 2.97 - 5.77 7.61   5.62 - 10.22 0.000
Oklahoma County 6.76 5.08 - 8.96 6.84 5.25 - 8.88 0.937
Southeast 4.53 3.33 - 6.15 5.50 3.96 - 7.60 0.248
Tulsa County 6.75 5.08 - 8.92 5.57 4.05 - 7.62 0.242
Oregon 8.36a 7.19 - 9.69 11.16   9.71 - 12.80 0.001
Region 1 (Multnomah) 11.08a   8.73 - 13.97 16.05 12.91 - 19.78 0.009
Region 2 7.29b 5.65 - 9.36 9.68   7.56 - 12.31 0.059
Region 3 8.30a   6.64 - 10.34 10.66   8.79 - 12.87 0.044
Region 4 7.40b 5.64 - 9.67 9.95   7.45 - 13.16 0.073
Region 5 (Central) -- -- - -- 8.80   6.33 - 12.11 --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- -- - -- 8.79   5.74 - 13.24 --
Pennsylvania1 5.76 5.27 - 6.29 6.23 5.69 - 6.80 0.185
Region 1 (Allegheny) 7.56 6.24 - 9.14 7.79 6.41 - 9.43 0.808
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- -- - -- 5.45 4.21 - 7.02 --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 5.13 4.05 - 6.48 5.07 3.98 - 6.45 0.929
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 4.56 3.62 - 5.73 5.60 4.29 - 7.30 0.141
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- -- - -- 5.40 4.24 - 6.86 --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 5.90 4.96 - 7.01 6.15 5.14 - 7.33 0.722
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- -- - -- 4.89 3.76 - 6.33 --
Regions 17 and 21 5.95 4.53 - 7.78 6.57 5.02 - 8.57 0.469
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 4.67 3.81 - 5.73 4.68 3.76 - 5.82 0.991
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 4.12 3.12 - 5.42 4.70 3.67 - 6.00 0.381
Regions 29 and 34 5.75 4.41 - 7.47 6.19 4.73 - 8.07 0.623
Regions 30 and 50 -- -- - -- 4.73 3.51 - 6.34 --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 7.49a 6.29 - 8.90 10.19   8.56 - 12.09 0.006
Rhode Island 9.50a   8.27 - 10.88 12.64 11.11 - 14.33 0.001
Bristol and Newport 9.16b   6.98 - 11.94 11.82   9.07 - 15.27 0.084
Kent 8.26a   6.33 - 10.70 12.03   9.45 - 15.20 0.010
Providence 9.39a   7.95 - 11.06 12.77 10.87 - 14.93 0.005
Washington 12.01   9.29 - 15.40 13.63 10.85 - 16.99 0.365
South Carolina 5.31a 4.45 - 6.34 6.64 5.66 - 7.77 0.027
Region 1 5.20 3.96 - 6.79 6.04 4.66 - 7.79 0.306
Region 2 5.36a 4.23 - 6.76 7.19 5.79 - 8.90 0.029
Region 3 4.91a 3.55 - 6.77 6.94 5.15 - 9.30 0.043
Region 4 5.66 4.28 - 7.43 6.39 4.99 - 8.17 0.396
South Dakota 5.04 4.22 - 6.00 5.16 4.24 - 6.25 0.826
Region 1 -- -- - -- 6.69 5.03 - 8.86 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 5.12 3.50 - 7.45 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 4.36 3.17 - 5.95 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 4.51 3.15 - 6.43 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 4.82 3.65 - 6.34 --
Tennessee 4.88 4.07 - 5.83 5.16 4.29 - 6.20 0.580
Region 1 5.55 3.92 - 7.81 4.49 3.10 - 6.46 0.233
Region 2 6.06a 4.52 - 8.08 4.29 3.08 - 5.94 0.030
Region 3 -- -- - -- 4.82 3.48 - 6.66 --
Region 4 (Davidson) 6.78 4.89 - 9.31 6.60 4.81 - 8.99 0.876
Region 5 -- -- - -- 4.99 3.71 - 6.69 --
Region 6 3.86 2.73 - 5.45 4.88 3.44 - 6.89 0.171
Region 7 (Shelby) 5.03 3.70 - 6.81 6.51 4.86 - 8.68 0.115
Texas 4.66b 4.25 - 5.12 5.25 4.76 - 5.77 0.053
Region 1 4.98 3.84 - 6.43 5.49 4.09 - 7.35 0.497
Region 2 4.66 3.41 - 6.33 5.11 3.65 - 7.11 0.537
Region 3 4.60a 3.97 - 5.33 5.51 4.80 - 6.33 0.046
Region 3a 4.71 3.95 - 5.61 5.26 4.39 - 6.28 0.327
Region 3bc 4.42a 3.52 - 5.53 5.96 4.90 - 7.22 0.018
Region 4 3.89 2.92 - 5.17 4.75 3.52 - 6.37 0.195
Region 5 4.69 3.55 - 6.16 5.11 3.76 - 6.91 0.551
Region 6 4.43 3.76 - 5.22 4.70 3.94 - 5.60 0.586
Region 6a 4.28 3.56 - 5.13 4.63 3.83 - 5.60 0.508
Region 6bc 5.67 4.22 - 7.59 5.27 3.81 - 7.24 0.627
Region 7 6.83 5.78 - 8.05 7.32 6.21 - 8.60 0.485
Region 7a 7.51 6.08 - 9.25 8.76   7.19 - 10.63 0.222
Region 7bcd 5.81 4.66 - 7.23 4.90 3.73 - 6.40 0.207
Region 8 4.54 3.63 - 5.66 5.16 4.17 - 6.38 0.315
Region 9 3.87 2.84 - 5.27 4.67 3.39 - 6.42 0.215
Region 10 3.58 2.67 - 4.79 4.01 2.97 - 5.39 0.434
Region 11 3.64 2.91 - 4.54 3.96 3.18 - 4.92 0.472
Region 11abd 3.76 2.86 - 4.91 4.55 3.48 - 5.92 0.164
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 3.41 2.49 - 4.65 2.92 2.09 - 4.07 0.312
Utah 4.00 3.29 - 4.87 3.91 3.19 - 4.79 0.850
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 3.66 2.58 - 5.18 3.16 2.19 - 4.53 0.393
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 2.79 1.90 - 4.08 3.24 2.18 - 4.80 0.402
Davis County 3.38 2.39 - 4.75 3.63 2.55 - 5.14 0.653
Salt Lake County 5.08 3.97 - 6.48 4.62 3.53 - 6.02 0.539
Utah County 3.16 2.25 - 4.43 3.65 2.63 - 5.06 0.409
Weber, Morgan 3.49 2.38 - 5.08 3.72 2.56 - 5.38 0.706
Vermont 9.54a   8.31 - 10.94 12.75 11.32 - 14.33 0.001
Champlain Valley 10.96a   9.27 - 12.92 14.85 12.82 - 17.14 0.003
Rural Northeast 9.03b   7.19 - 11.29 11.75   9.39 - 14.62 0.065
Rural Southeast 8.37b   6.32 - 11.00 11.15   8.81 - 14.02 0.064
Rural Southwest 8.49b   6.56 - 10.92 11.09   8.66 - 14.09 0.067
Virginia 5.60 4.72 - 6.63 5.58 4.72 - 6.59 0.975
Region 1 -- -- - -- 6.68 5.13 - 8.64 --
Region 2 5.59b 4.20 - 7.40 4.08 3.02 - 5.49 0.054
Region 3 5.84 4.41 - 7.71 5.69 4.31 - 7.48 0.866
Region 4 -- -- - -- 5.00 3.60 - 6.89 --
Region 5 5.75 4.42 - 7.44 7.03 5.45 - 9.03 0.166
Washington1 6.67a 5.68 - 7.81 10.35   9.04 - 11.83 0.000
Region 1 -- -- - -- 8.13   6.43 - 10.23 --
East 1 (previously Region 1) 6.31a 4.72 - 8.40 8.47   6.27 - 11.36 0.050
East 2 (previously Region 2) 5.66b 4.06 - 7.84 7.66   5.63 - 10.34 0.059
Region 2 -- -- - -- 11.80   9.99 - 13.89 --
North 1 (previously Region 3) 6.69a 5.18 - 8.61 12.04   9.61 - 14.98 0.000
North 2 (previously Region 4) 7.30a 5.74 - 9.24 11.67   9.48 - 14.28 0.001
Region 3 -- -- - -- 9.80   8.05 - 11.87 --
West 1 (previously Region 5) 6.84a   5.23 - 8.90 9.72   7.58 - 12.38 0.017
West 2 (previously Region 6) 6.18a 4.61 - 8.23 9.87   7.59 - 12.74 0.002
West Virginia1 5.36 4.55 - 6.31 5.55 4.73 - 6.49 0.721
Region I 5.04 3.69 - 6.85 4.56 3.13 - 6.61 0.570
Region II -- -- - -- 5.59 4.12 - 7.54 --
Region III 4.62 3.32 - 6.41 4.22 2.94 - 6.03 0.596
Region IV -- -- - -- 8.20   6.69 - 10.02 --
Region V -- -- - -- 4.91 3.81 - 6.29 --
Region VI -- -- - -- 4.45 3.20 - 6.15 --
Wisconsin 5.60 4.77 - 6.56 6.45 5.44 - 7.64 0.145
Milwaukee 7.25 5.55 - 9.40 8.96   6.71 - 11.87 0.155
Northeastern 4.95 3.80 - 6.42 5.62 4.28 - 7.33 0.388
Northern 5.69 4.16 - 7.73 5.28 3.66 - 7.55 0.660
Southeastern 4.97b 3.75 - 6.56 6.68 4.94 - 8.97 0.073
Southern -- -- - -- 6.27 4.83 - 8.11 --
Western -- -- - -- 5.45 3.96 - 7.45 --
Wyoming 5.32 4.46 - 6.34 5.49 4.56 - 6.61 0.763
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 4.57 3.33 - 6.26 5.60 4.10 - 7.60 0.240
Judicial District 2 7.21 5.51 - 9.39 7.82   5.88 - 10.33 0.600
Judicial District 3 5.36a 3.98 - 7.18 3.74 2.69 - 5.17 0.032
Judicial District 4 4.69 3.30 - 6.64 5.20 3.62 - 7.41 0.552
Judicial District 5 3.96 2.82 - 5.53 4.85 3.28 - 7.12 0.264
Judicial District 6 4.45 3.14 - 6.28 4.15 2.92 - 5.88 0.697
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 6.37 4.70 - 8.58 5.27 3.80 - 7.26 0.257
Judicial District 8 3.89b 2.73 - 5.52 5.42 3.74 - 7.79 0.063
Judicial District 9 6.57 4.72 - 9.09 7.61   5.31 - 10.79 0.413
140430
Table 4 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the methodology write-up for comparing estimates located below the tables.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 39.30a 38.86 - 39.75 31.82 31.37 - 32.27 0.000
Northeast 36.52a 35.62 - 37.42 30.05 29.25 - 30.87 0.000
Midwest 37.90a 37.25 - 38.56 30.07 29.45 - 30.70 0.000
South 43.63a 42.99 - 44.28 36.04 35.39 - 36.70 0.000
West 36.20a 35.32 - 37.10 28.11 27.27 - 28.97 0.000
Alabama 49.66a 46.83 - 52.50 39.11 36.42 - 41.87 0.000
Region 1 48.74a 44.00 - 53.50 39.41 35.06 - 43.94 0.002
Region 2 49.15a 44.84 - 53.46 36.22 32.19 - 40.46 0.000
Region 3 50.12a 45.22 - 55.01 42.25 37.66 - 46.98 0.008
Region 4 51.21a 46.87 - 55.53 40.42 35.91 - 45.09 0.000
Alaska 26.84a 24.31 - 29.53 21.48 19.21 - 23.94 0.001
Anchorage -- -- - -- 20.26 17.42 - 23.44 --
Northern -- -- - -- 20.73 17.31 - 24.63 --
South Central -- -- - -- 23.83 19.76 - 28.43 --
Southeast 24.21 19.82 - 29.20 21.94 17.75 - 26.80 0.408
Arizona 40.23a 37.57 - 42.95 28.62 26.03 - 31.34 0.000
Maricopa 39.85a 36.61 - 43.18 26.82 23.82 - 30.06 0.000
Pima 38.31a 33.40 - 43.48 27.52 22.85 - 32.73 0.000
Rural North 40.22a 35.03 - 45.63 31.88 26.81 - 37.40 0.010
Rural South 44.80a 38.80 - 50.94 34.99 29.43 - 40.99 0.004
Arkansas1 45.84a 43.05 - 48.66 36.71 33.94 - 39.57 0.000
Catchment Area 1 -- -- - -- 34.25 29.49 - 39.35 --
Catchment Area 2 47.12a 41.37 - 52.94 36.07 30.48 - 42.08 0.002
Catchment Area 3 48.88a 43.73 - 54.05 39.67 34.34 - 45.27 0.005
Catchment Area 4 -- -- - -- 37.23 31.57 - 43.26 --
Catchment Area 5 -- -- - -- 34.36 29.46 - 39.61 --
Catchment Area 6 -- -- - -- 42.05 36.06 - 48.29 --
Catchment Area 7 -- -- - -- 40.91 34.98 - 47.12 --
Catchment Area 8 39.64b 35.09 - 44.38 34.92 30.33 - 39.81 0.100
California 38.13a 36.70 - 39.57 29.61 28.27 - 30.99 0.000
Region 1R -- -- - -- 23.59 19.51 - 28.22 --
Region 2R -- -- - -- 22.88 18.93 - 27.37 --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- -- - -- 26.20 22.02 - 30.86 --
Region 4R -- -- - -- 23.59 19.76 - 27.90 --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- -- - -- 24.51 19.97 - 29.69 --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 35.87a 31.67 - 40.30 29.57 25.42 - 34.09 0.012
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- -- - -- 26.70 22.30 - 31.61 --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- -- - -- 25.76 21.78 - 30.18 --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- -- - -- 28.22 23.34 - 33.67 --
Region 10 36.60a 32.03 - 41.44 25.70 21.64 - 30.23 0.000
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 43.99a 41.43 - 46.57 32.18 30.08 - 34.35 0.000
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- -- - -- 24.01 19.97 - 28.58 --
LA SPA 2 -- -- - -- 28.13 24.15 - 32.47 --
LA SPA 3 -- -- - -- 36.86 32.40 - 41.56 --
LA SPA 4 -- -- - -- 32.11 27.30 - 37.34 --
LA SPA 6 -- -- - -- 37.57 32.56 - 42.86 --
LA SPA 7 -- -- - -- 37.09 32.46 - 41.98 --
LA SPA 8 -- -- - -- 30.78 26.59 - 35.32 --
Region 12R -- -- - -- 27.70 23.16 - 32.75 --
Regions 13 and 19R -- -- - -- 31.01 27.45 - 34.80 --
Region 13 (Riverside) 41.10a 36.68 - 45.66 30.07 26.33 - 34.09 0.000
Region 19R (Imperial) -- -- - -- 42.95 36.92 - 49.20 --
Region 14 (Orange) 37.26a 33.41 - 41.27 31.40 28.04 - 34.96 0.012
Region 15R (Fresno) -- -- - -- 31.41 26.98 - 36.21 --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- -- - -- 29.03 25.86 - 32.42 --
Region 17R -- -- - -- 35.01 30.68 - 39.60 --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- -- - -- 32.10 28.21 - 36.25 --
Region 20R -- -- - -- 31.64 27.03 - 36.64 --
Region 21R -- -- - -- 27.91 23.69 - 32.55 --
Colorado 30.48a 28.02 - 33.05 22.10 19.89 - 24.49 0.000
Region 1 32.22a 27.85 - 36.92 21.39 17.47 - 25.91 0.000
Regions 2 and 7 29.09a 26.02 - 32.37 19.63 17.02 - 22.52 0.000
Region 3 29.41a 24.98 - 34.26 23.65 19.68 - 28.15 0.031
Region 4 44.16a 38.19 - 50.30 36.31 30.20 - 42.90 0.024
Regions 5 and 6 29.59 24.89 - 34.76 26.43 21.48 - 32.05 0.290
Connecticut 32.87a 30.10 - 35.77 27.83 25.29 - 30.53 0.005
Eastern 32.82a 27.93 - 38.11 25.13 21.08 - 29.66 0.005
North Central 34.08a 29.89 - 38.53 27.30 23.46 - 31.50 0.012
Northwestern 33.42 28.99 - 38.16 31.25 26.60 - 36.32 0.454
South Central 33.29b 28.86 - 38.02 27.73 23.48 - 32.43 0.055
Southwest 30.13 25.26 - 35.50 27.39 23.09 - 32.15 0.357
Delaware 38.70a 36.16 - 41.31 30.49 27.92 - 33.18 0.000
Kent 41.98a 36.88 - 47.25 31.89 27.25 - 36.92 0.001
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 34.48a 31.34 - 37.76 28.74 25.67 - 32.03 0.008
Sussex 44.44a 39.52 - 49.47 33.43 28.81 - 38.40 0.001
Wilmington City 44.34a 38.92 - 49.90 30.33 24.97 - 36.29 0.000
District of Columbia 33.12a 30.31 - 36.05 25.11 22.64 - 27.75 0.000
Ward 1 32.83a 27.91 - 38.17 21.18 17.04 - 26.01 0.000
Ward 2 25.85a 21.53 - 30.71 16.91 13.56 - 20.89 0.000
Ward 3 19.81 15.98 - 24.31 18.76 15.07 - 23.11 0.670
Ward 4 38.92a 33.30 - 44.85 28.16 23.33 - 33.56 0.001
Ward 5 37.81a 32.24 - 43.72 30.20 25.45 - 35.42 0.029
Ward 6 31.13a 26.01 - 36.77 23.66 19.29 - 28.68 0.010
Ward 7 42.52a 36.99 - 48.25 32.09 26.79 - 37.90 0.003
Ward 8 40.87a 35.70 - 46.24 32.42 27.61 - 37.62 0.006
Florida1 42.74a 41.32 - 44.16 37.16 35.75 - 38.59 0.000
Region A - Northwest -- -- - -- 31.96 29.11 - 34.96 --
Circuit 1 41.58a 36.92 - 46.39 34.15 30.10 - 38.45 0.006
Circuit 2 -- -- - -- 26.29 22.07 - 31.00 --
Circuit 14 -- -- - -- 34.38 28.94 - 40.26 --
Region B - Northeast -- -- - -- 35.16 32.31 - 38.13 --
Circuits 3 and 8 -- -- - -- 33.54 29.19 - 38.19 --
Circuit 4 -- -- - -- 35.85 31.57 - 40.36 --
Circuit 7 -- -- - -- 35.36 30.89 - 40.11 --
Region C - Central -- -- - -- 34.97 32.81 - 37.19 --
Circuit 5 45.16a 40.13 - 50.30 33.30 28.49 - 38.48 0.000
Circuit 9 -- -- - -- 35.76 32.18 - 39.51 --
Circuit 10 45.36a 40.60 - 50.21 38.02 33.62 - 42.63 0.009
Circuit 18 -- -- - -- 34.04 29.48 - 38.92 --
Circuit 19 43.40a 38.23 - 48.73 33.96 29.08 - 39.22 0.004
Region D - Southeast -- -- - -- 37.57 34.76 - 40.46 --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 40.98a 36.74 - 45.36 35.46 31.37 - 39.76 0.042
Circuit 17 (Broward) 41.38 37.59 - 45.26 39.19 35.43 - 43.08 0.373
Region E - Sun Coast -- -- - -- 33.04 30.68 - 35.50 --
Circuit 6 -- -- - -- 30.90 26.68 - 35.46 --
Circuit 12 -- -- - -- 31.74 26.92 - 36.98 --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- -- - -- 37.73 33.82 - 41.80 --
Circuit 20 43.55a 39.12 - 48.08 31.61 27.25 - 36.32 0.000
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 53.63 50.50 - 56.73 52.72 49.55 - 55.88 0.668
Georgia 44.43a 41.83 - 47.06 35.92 33.33 - 38.59 0.000
Region 1 -- -- - -- 35.60 31.35 - 40.08 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 35.70 30.97 - 40.74 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 35.65 31.79 - 39.71 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 38.07 32.42 - 44.05 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 36.32 30.47 - 42.60 --
Region 6 -- -- - -- 36.00 31.11 - 41.21 --
Hawaii 36.27a 33.41 - 39.22 29.58 26.89 - 32.42 0.000
Hawaii Island 35.41a 30.08 - 41.12 23.16 18.74 - 28.25 0.000
Honolulu 37.26a 33.97 - 40.67 31.44 28.42 - 34.61 0.007
Kauai and Maui 32.40b 27.60 - 37.60 26.98 22.46 - 32.04 0.061
Kauai -- -- - -- 29.21 23.14 - 36.13 --
Maui -- -- - -- 26.01 21.03 - 31.71 --
Idaho 39.75a 37.20 - 42.35 30.27 27.66 - 33.00 0.000
Region 1 35.11a 30.12 - 40.46 28.52 23.84 - 33.70 0.030
Region 2 38.12a 32.75 - 43.80 24.12 19.44 - 29.51 0.000
Region 3 44.02a 39.49 - 48.65 35.70 30.81 - 40.90 0.005
Region 4 34.93a 30.90 - 39.19 25.70 21.82 - 29.99 0.000
Region 5 43.54a 38.61 - 48.59 34.31 29.59 - 39.36 0.004
Region 6 43.52a 38.23 - 48.96 31.51 26.68 - 36.78 0.000
Region 7 44.52a 39.51 - 49.65 34.39 29.67 - 39.44 0.001
Illinois 38.69a 37.27 - 40.12 31.90 30.57 - 33.27 0.000
Region I (Cook) 38.17a 36.06 - 40.32 32.28 30.21 - 34.41 0.000
Region II 35.62a 33.24 - 38.08 30.61 28.44 - 32.87 0.002
Region III 39.68a 36.54 - 42.91 30.89 27.93 - 34.01 0.000
Region IV 43.51a 39.46 - 47.65 35.99 32.12 - 40.06 0.005
Region V 45.46a 41.80 - 49.18 32.76 29.28 - 36.44 0.000
Indiana 40.24a 37.67 - 42.86 31.33 28.77 - 34.00 0.000
Central 36.86b 32.49 - 41.45 31.56 27.22 - 36.24 0.057
East 41.06a 35.64 - 46.70 32.25 27.09 - 37.89 0.005
North Central 40.92a 36.07 - 45.95 32.06 27.49 - 37.01 0.003
Northeast 42.40a 37.21 - 47.75 30.05 25.13 - 35.48 0.000
Northwest 41.37a 36.32 - 46.60 31.45 26.78 - 36.53 0.001
Southeast 46.01a 40.53 - 51.60 32.95 27.85 - 38.49 0.000
Southwest 38.82 33.36 - 44.57 33.77 28.38 - 39.62 0.130
West 38.46a 33.72 - 43.45 26.87 22.33 - 31.95 0.000
Iowa 42.49a 39.78 - 45.26 31.42 28.78 - 34.18 0.000
Central 40.28a 35.19 - 45.60 28.73 24.49 - 33.38 0.000
North Central 39.90a 34.76 - 45.29 30.12 25.06 - 35.71 0.003
Northeast 41.44a 37.19 - 45.83 31.56 27.51 - 35.91 0.000
Northwest 46.57a 41.31 - 51.90 37.27 32.13 - 42.71 0.005
Southeast 41.55a 36.94 - 46.30 28.87 24.74 - 33.39 0.000
Southwest 47.21a 41.67 - 52.82 33.70 28.21 - 39.66 0.000
Kansas 43.77a 41.06 - 46.51 30.94 28.36 - 33.65 0.000
Kansas City Metro 39.80a 35.85 - 43.88 30.61 26.92 - 34.57 0.000
Northeast 44.18a 39.23 - 49.24 29.93 25.41 - 34.88 0.000
South Central 47.85a 42.69 - 53.05 29.27 24.43 - 34.64 0.000
Southeast 48.59a 42.76 - 54.45 31.37 25.95 - 37.36 0.000
West 51.21a 45.66 - 56.73 33.93 28.67 - 39.61 0.000
Wichita (Sedgwick) 39.98a 35.31 - 44.84 31.88 27.40 - 36.72 0.007
Kentucky 41.24a 38.56 - 43.96 36.87 34.23 - 39.58 0.016
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 46.90b 42.00 - 51.86 41.63 36.79 - 46.64 0.100
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 37.44a 33.32 - 41.74 32.06 27.97 - 36.44 0.048
Communicare and River Valley 41.45 36.16 - 46.95 37.98 32.53 - 43.75 0.302
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 45.66 39.96 - 51.47 41.44 35.87 - 47.23 0.224
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 47.87b 42.45 - 53.33 42.28 36.48 - 48.30 0.094
Seven Counties 35.82 31.39 - 40.51 34.30 29.78 - 39.11 0.593
Louisiana 45.02a 42.45 - 47.61 40.19 37.71 - 42.72 0.005
Regions 1 and 10 -- -- - -- 36.66 32.47 - 41.07 --
Region 1 45.14a 39.57 - 50.84 35.84 30.82 - 41.19 0.003
Region 10 (Jefferson) 41.61 36.47 - 46.95 37.48 31.84 - 43.49 0.220
Regions 2 and 9 41.90 37.72 - 46.20 39.62 35.53 - 43.85 0.393
Region 3 46.57 41.16 - 52.05 43.88 38.30 - 49.62 0.398
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- -- - -- 39.61 35.55 - 43.83 --
Regions 7 and 8 48.58b 44.16 - 53.03 43.45 39.12 - 47.89 0.069
Maine1 31.96a 29.34 - 34.69 21.14 18.86 - 23.62 0.000
Aroostook/Downeast -- -- - -- 23.61 19.79 - 27.92 --
Aroostook -- -- - -- 25.79 20.56 - 31.81 --
Downeast -- -- - -- 21.83 17.30 - 27.16 --
Central -- -- - -- 20.70 16.73 - 25.32 --
Cumberland 27.42a 23.29 - 31.98 19.84 16.34 - 23.88 0.003
Midcoast 33.07a 27.97 - 38.60 21.29 16.95 - 26.39 0.000
Penquis -- -- - -- 21.67 17.88 - 26.00 --
Western -- -- - -- 22.56 18.61 - 27.07 --
York 30.09a 25.39 - 35.25 19.42 15.45 - 24.12 0.000
Maryland 38.19a 35.29 - 41.18 33.10 30.47 - 35.83 0.006
Anne Arundel 35.54 30.17 - 41.29 32.02 26.55 - 38.04 0.266
Baltimore City 43.61 38.28 - 49.08 39.14 34.02 - 44.52 0.170
Baltimore County -- -- - -- 32.17 27.53 - 37.19 --
Montgomery 34.04 29.38 - 39.02 31.73 27.14 - 36.71 0.435
North Central -- -- - -- 27.15 22.29 - 32.63 --
Northeast -- -- - -- 30.29 24.99 - 36.17 --
Prince George's 40.98 36.17 - 45.97 37.26 32.12 - 42.72 0.230
South -- -- - -- 33.56 28.26 - 39.31 --
West -- -- - -- 31.47 26.45 - 36.97 --
Massachusetts 28.46a 25.97 - 31.10 23.46 21.09 - 26.00 0.003
Boston 29.62a 25.01 - 34.69 22.93 18.75 - 27.73 0.016
Central 29.15 24.67 - 34.08 26.11 21.58 - 31.21 0.296
Metrowest 22.91 19.38 - 26.88 20.02 16.55 - 24.02 0.224
Northeast 29.42 25.19 - 34.04 26.55 22.44 - 31.11 0.309
Southeast 30.10a 25.95 - 34.59 23.52 19.48 - 28.11 0.018
Western 32.85a 27.81 - 38.32 22.65 18.82 - 27.00 0.000
Michigan1 36.39a 35.10 - 37.70 26.99 25.71 - 28.30 0.000
Detroit City 42.85a 39.13 - 46.66 32.60 28.54 - 36.94 0.000
Genesee 37.34a 33.02 - 41.88 26.01 22.36 - 30.03 0.000
Kalamazoo -- -- - -- 28.01 24.48 - 31.85 --
Kent 38.00a 33.87 - 42.32 26.51 23.08 - 30.26 0.000
Lakeshore -- -- - -- 30.58 27.04 - 34.37 --
Macomb 34.69a 30.92 - 38.67 28.20 24.91 - 31.75 0.008
Mid South -- -- - -- 23.32 20.37 - 26.56 --
Northern 38.11a 34.26 - 42.12 23.80 20.47 - 27.49 0.000
Oakland 29.74b 26.52 - 33.17 26.07 23.07 - 29.31 0.092
Pathways and Western -- -- - -- 21.98 18.22 - 26.28 --
Riverhaven 38.18a 33.12 - 43.52 27.97 23.82 - 32.53 0.001
Saginaw 40.86a 35.70 - 46.22 27.66 23.14 - 32.68 0.000
Southeast 36.77a 33.53 - 40.14 29.85 26.80 - 33.09 0.001
St. Clair 41.63a 36.56 - 46.87 29.79 25.20 - 34.83 0.000
Washtenaw 29.59a 25.92 - 33.54 20.83 17.73 - 24.31 0.000
Minnesota 30.95b 28.56 - 33.46 28.19 25.70 - 30.81 0.093
Regions 1 and 2 32.85 27.87 - 38.26 29.85 24.60 - 35.70 0.342
Regions 3 and 4 33.86 29.41 - 38.61 30.49 26.04 - 35.33 0.227
Regions 5 and 6 36.29a 31.76 - 41.07 30.40 25.97 - 35.22 0.044
Region 7A (Hennepin) 26.84 23.12 - 30.92 25.30 21.50 - 29.52 0.514
Region 7B (Ramsey) 27.35 22.77 - 32.46 25.40 20.58 - 30.92 0.489
Region 7C 28.98 24.98 - 33.34 27.84 23.99 - 32.05 0.661
Mississippi 49.84a 47.00 - 52.69 41.14 38.51 - 43.82 0.000
Region 1 50.69a 45.95 - 55.42 40.31 35.81 - 44.97 0.001
Region 2 55.00a 49.93 - 59.96 47.79 42.45 - 53.18 0.024
Region 3 50.53a 45.34 - 55.71 38.63 33.62 - 43.89 0.000
Region 4 47.10a 42.06 - 52.19 39.97 35.58 - 44.52 0.023
Region 5 52.12a 46.23 - 57.96 42.67 36.03 - 49.58 0.012
Region 6 50.22a 45.01 - 55.43 42.69 37.38 - 48.18 0.016
Region 7 45.27b 39.76 - 50.89 39.02 33.97 - 44.32 0.067
Missouri 38.36a 35.81 - 40.98 32.29 29.79 - 34.88 0.000
Central 37.85 33.09 - 42.87 33.86 29.14 - 38.93 0.173
Eastern 34.69a 31.23 - 38.32 28.88 25.60 - 32.40 0.008
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 33.67a 29.56 - 38.04 27.83 23.86 - 32.19 0.028
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 36.78a 31.73 - 42.14 30.70 25.91 - 35.94 0.046
Northwest 38.81a 34.98 - 42.77 32.77 28.87 - 36.92 0.015
Northwest (Jackson) 35.77 30.93 - 40.91 33.13 28.33 - 38.32 0.383
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 41.55a 36.36 - 46.94 32.46 27.40 - 37.97 0.006
Southeast 44.14 38.70 - 49.73 38.93 33.77 - 44.36 0.112
Southwest 42.02a 37.14 - 47.07 32.67 28.11 - 37.60 0.002
Montana 35.56a 32.91 - 38.30 24.27 22.11 - 26.56 0.000
Region 1 44.69a 38.84 - 50.68 26.71 22.10 - 31.90 0.000
Region 2 37.78a 32.96 - 42.86 28.69 23.95 - 33.94 0.003
Region 3 36.30a 31.70 - 41.16 27.71 23.96 - 31.81 0.002
Region 4 33.66a 29.69 - 37.88 21.11 17.80 - 24.85 0.000
Region 5 32.95a 28.75 - 37.44 22.03 18.81 - 25.62 0.000
Nebraska 40.49a 37.81 - 43.24 30.15 27.65 - 32.78 0.000
Regions 1 and 2 46.41a 40.64 - 52.28 32.72 28.07 - 37.75 0.000
Region 1 -- -- - -- 34.19 28.03 - 40.92 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 31.44 25.73 - 37.77 --
Region 3 44.08 38.78 - 49.52 40.27 34.95 - 45.82 0.253
Region 4 45.75a 40.51 - 51.07 33.52 28.25 - 39.24 0.000
Region 5 38.59a 34.22 - 43.15 27.52 23.59 - 31.84 0.000
Region 6 37.08a 33.38 - 40.94 27.16 23.73 - 30.88 0.000
Nevada1 34.70a 31.91 - 37.60 28.42 25.63 - 31.39 0.001
Clark - Region 1 34.39a 31.13 - 37.80 29.02 25.78 - 32.48 0.017
Region 3 38.19a 33.06 - 43.60 29.76 24.93 - 35.09 0.006
Capital District -- -- - -- 30.34 24.48 - 36.91 --
Rural/Frontier -- -- - -- 29.24 23.26 - 36.04 --
Washoe - Region 2 33.05a 28.66 - 37.75 24.67 20.42 - 29.48 0.003
New Hampshire 28.06a 25.46 - 30.81 22.50 20.22 - 24.97 0.001
Central 29.30a 25.58 - 33.33 21.72 18.53 - 25.28 0.001
Central 1 27.47a 22.96 - 32.50 21.91 17.90 - 26.52 0.046
Central 2 31.07a 26.12 - 36.49 21.54 17.33 - 26.44 0.002
Northern 26.93 22.45 - 31.93 23.07 18.67 - 28.15 0.189
Southern 27.71a 24.68 - 30.96 22.76 20.14 - 25.60 0.012
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 26.04 21.89 - 30.67 22.58 18.88 - 26.75 0.194
Southern 2 28.72a 25.11 - 32.63 22.87 19.72 - 26.35 0.011
New Jersey 40.84a 37.97 - 43.77 33.69 31.06 - 36.44 0.000
Central 35.88b 31.41 - 40.61 30.72 26.46 - 35.33 0.073
Metropolitan 42.91a 38.08 - 47.87 36.02 31.78 - 40.49 0.018
Northern 42.86a 38.34 - 47.49 36.43 32.12 - 40.96 0.028
Southern 40.71a 35.70 - 45.93 30.15 25.90 - 34.77 0.000
New Mexico 39.28a 36.40 - 42.23 31.61 28.99 - 34.36 0.000
Region 1 39.12a 34.40 - 44.05 31.24 27.05 - 35.76 0.005
Region 2 38.90a 33.79 - 44.28 32.77 27.65 - 38.33 0.049
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 34.49a 30.38 - 38.84 27.34 23.38 - 31.69 0.010
Region 4 45.22a 39.77 - 50.78 34.90 30.15 - 39.98 0.001
Region 5 43.24a 38.33 - 48.28 36.08 31.70 - 40.72 0.016
New York 36.68a 35.16 - 38.23 31.53 30.10 - 32.99 0.000
Region A 39.23a 37.06 - 41.45 34.58 32.48 - 36.74 0.002
Region 1 45.12 40.47 - 49.85 41.84 37.64 - 46.17 0.232
Region 2 38.09b 34.76 - 41.54 34.13 30.89 - 37.54 0.082
Region 3 31.50a 27.54 - 35.75 26.09 22.52 - 30.01 0.026
Region 4 42.81a 38.85 - 46.87 37.16 33.10 - 41.42 0.030
Region B -- -- - -- 30.41 28.20 - 32.72 --
Region 5 33.48b 30.29 - 36.83 29.55 26.63 - 32.64 0.064
Region 6 32.53 28.59 - 36.73 32.47 28.23 - 37.02 0.983
Region 7 36.28a 31.47 - 41.38 30.05 25.99 - 34.44 0.024
Region C -- -- - -- 28.07 25.99 - 30.24 --
Region 8 30.26b 25.91 - 35.01 25.88 22.32 - 29.78 0.088
Region 9 37.86a 33.44 - 42.49 26.91 23.18 - 31.00 0.000
Region 10 33.77a 29.05 - 38.84 25.76 21.47 - 30.57 0.005
Region 11 34.75a 30.72 - 39.00 29.51 25.70 - 33.62 0.041
Region 12 35.78b 31.73 - 40.03 30.54 26.48 - 34.93 0.061
Region D 38.72a 35.57 - 41.98 29.42 26.47 - 32.56 0.000
Region 13 40.72a 35.48 - 46.18 28.55 24.00 - 33.58 0.000
Region 14 37.22a 32.15 - 42.59 29.17 24.50 - 34.33 0.008
Region 15 38.41a 33.73 - 43.32 30.45 26.22 - 35.03 0.006
North Carolina 43.07a 40.31 - 45.88 33.35 30.73 - 36.08 0.000
Alliance -- -- - -- 29.98 26.11 - 34.16 --
Cardinal Innovations -- -- - -- 32.44 27.51 - 37.80 --
CenterPoint/Guilford -- -- - -- 33.69 29.07 - 38.64 --
CenterPoint -- -- - -- 36.16 30.03 - 42.76 --
Guilford -- -- - -- 31.00 25.32 - 37.32 --
CoastalCare -- -- - -- 30.90 25.34 - 37.08 --
Eastpointe -- -- - -- 37.79 32.18 - 43.75 --
ECBH -- -- - -- 35.98 29.93 - 42.52 --
MeckLINK -- -- - -- 32.46 27.03 - 38.42 --
Partners -- -- - -- 33.39 28.57 - 38.59 --
Sandhills -- -- - -- 37.60 31.69 - 43.90 --
Smoky Mountain -- -- - -- 36.38 29.89 - 43.41 --
Western Highlands -- -- - -- 32.55 26.95 - 38.70 --
North Dakota 39.18a 36.47 - 41.95 34.13 31.64 - 36.71 0.004
Badlands and West Central 40.21 35.66 - 44.93 35.93 31.59 - 40.52 0.141
Lake Region and South Central 45.81a 40.78 - 50.93 37.49 32.42 - 42.85 0.010
North Central and Northwest 40.44 35.74 - 45.33 35.65 30.97 - 40.63 0.121
Northeast 35.31 30.62 - 40.29 30.87 26.24 - 35.91 0.126
Southeast 35.35 31.29 - 39.62 31.18 27.56 - 35.04 0.104
Ohio 39.14a 37.72 - 40.58 29.99 28.70 - 31.30 0.000
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 40.94a 36.68 - 45.34 32.64 28.49 - 37.07 0.003
Boards 3, 52, and 85 41.14a 36.65 - 45.78 32.28 27.82 - 37.10 0.002
Boards 4 and 78 43.15a 37.92 - 48.55 29.41 24.57 - 34.77 0.000
Boards 5 and 60 40.74a 36.18 - 45.46 30.41 25.92 - 35.30 0.000
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 45.96a 41.21 - 50.78 36.03 31.63 - 40.67 0.001
Boards 8, 13, and 83 35.82a 31.40 - 40.50 30.12 26.01 - 34.57 0.038
Board 9 (Butler) 37.73a 33.04 - 42.66 30.24 25.85 - 35.02 0.010
Board 12 39.72a 34.92 - 44.73 26.69 22.45 - 31.42 0.000
Boards 18 and 47 35.98a 32.73 - 39.36 28.82 25.98 - 31.83 0.001
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 43.75a 38.76 - 48.86 37.05 32.37 - 41.97 0.029
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 37.93a 33.31 - 42.79 28.91 25.12 - 33.03 0.001
Boards 22, 74, and 87 41.60a 36.68 - 46.69 28.78 24.67 - 33.27 0.000
Boards 23 and 45 38.58a 33.85 - 43.54 31.61 27.50 - 36.03 0.010
Board 25 (Franklin) 37.23a 33.80 - 40.79 26.82 23.79 - 30.08 0.000
Boards 27, 71, and 73 46.12a 41.44 - 50.87 34.61 30.21 - 39.30 0.000
Boards 28, 43, and 67 39.29a 34.83 - 43.94 28.16 24.25 - 32.44 0.000
Board 31 (Hamilton) 37.47a 33.43 - 41.69 26.25 22.70 - 30.14 0.000
Board 48 (Lucas) 37.88a 33.57 - 42.40 29.98 25.64 - 34.72 0.003
Boards 50 and 76 41.05a 36.62 - 45.63 30.22 26.49 - 34.24 0.000
Board 57 (Montgomery) 36.30 31.87 - 40.97 33.19 28.87 - 37.80 0.278
Board 77 (Summit) 38.00a 33.57 - 42.64 28.55 24.67 - 32.77 0.001
Oklahoma 43.60a 40.78 - 46.47 34.00 31.43 - 36.68 0.000
Central 41.73a 36.28 - 47.38 29.09 24.26 - 34.43 0.000
East Central 44.65a 39.00 - 50.45 33.97 28.73 - 39.64 0.002
Northeast 41.50a 36.46 - 46.72 33.94 29.36 - 38.84 0.016
Northwest and Southwest 48.79a 43.36 - 54.25 34.08 29.10 - 39.43 0.000
Oklahoma County 42.59a 37.76 - 47.58 35.14 30.59 - 39.98 0.015
Southeast 46.31a 40.89 - 51.82 37.95 32.96 - 43.20 0.009
Tulsa County 39.78a 34.95 - 44.82 33.09 28.52 - 38.00 0.026
Oregon 31.11a 28.48 - 33.87 20.57 18.36 - 22.96 0.000
Region 1 (Multnomah) 26.75a 22.81 - 31.09 16.94 13.73 - 20.72 0.000
Region 2 28.63a 24.74 - 32.87 18.26 14.91 - 22.15 0.000
Region 3 31.88a 28.00 - 36.02 22.36 19.19 - 25.89 0.000
Region 4 35.18a 30.13 - 40.59 21.43 17.32 - 26.21 0.000
Region 5 (Central) -- -- - -- 23.61 18.83 - 29.18 --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- -- - -- 26.98 21.33 - 33.49 --
Pennsylvania1 40.62a 39.19 - 42.06 31.90 30.54 - 33.28 0.000
Region 1 (Allegheny) 39.27a 35.62 - 43.05 29.38 25.94 - 33.08 0.000
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- -- - -- 36.88 32.36 - 41.65 --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 39.48 35.34 - 43.78 37.59 33.39 - 41.97 0.492
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 43.85a 39.46 - 48.34 36.88 32.43 - 41.56 0.018
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- -- - -- 31.42 27.57 - 35.54 --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 35.90a 32.94 - 38.97 26.62 23.94 - 29.50 0.000
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- -- - -- 32.80 28.70 - 37.18 --
Regions 17 and 21 38.98a 33.84 - 44.38 30.40 25.72 - 35.52 0.004
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 41.85a 38.30 - 45.49 33.43 30.21 - 36.82 0.000
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 42.67a 38.44 - 47.00 35.57 31.66 - 39.68 0.009
Regions 29 and 34 42.09a 37.40 - 46.93 29.42 25.21 - 34.01 0.000
Regions 30 and 50 -- -- - -- 35.22 30.75 - 39.97 --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 40.16a 36.72 - 43.69 30.86 27.68 - 34.24 0.000
Rhode Island 33.79a 30.92 - 36.79 24.66 22.13 - 27.38 0.000
Bristol and Newport 27.53a 22.70 - 32.96 21.69 17.17 - 27.02 0.050
Kent 33.87a 28.76 - 39.39 23.40 19.08 - 28.37 0.001
Providence 36.15a 32.52 - 39.94 26.65 23.53 - 30.02 0.000
Washington 28.92a 24.10 - 34.27 19.84 15.78 - 24.64 0.003
South Carolina 44.53a 41.77 - 47.33 35.48 32.90 - 38.14 0.000
Region 1 45.71a 40.96 - 50.54 34.99 30.91 - 39.30 0.000
Region 2 42.87a 39.08 - 46.75 34.71 30.82 - 38.82 0.002
Region 3 46.30a 41.22 - 51.46 35.04 30.15 - 40.26 0.000
Region 4 44.00a 39.30 - 48.82 37.11 32.78 - 41.66 0.018
South Dakota 38.19a 35.60 - 40.85 31.58 29.16 - 34.10 0.000
Region 1 -- -- - -- 28.79 24.70 - 33.25 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 34.45 28.94 - 40.41 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 33.16 29.12 - 37.48 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 31.98 27.21 - 37.16 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 31.53 27.80 - 35.52 --
Tennessee 41.12a 38.55 - 43.74 36.30 33.58 - 39.11 0.007
Region 1 44.35b 38.44 - 50.42 38.18 32.50 - 44.20 0.080
Region 2 39.50 34.73 - 44.47 34.95 30.25 - 39.96 0.146
Region 3 -- -- - -- 37.85 32.85 - 43.13 --
Region 4 (Davidson) 34.95 30.03 - 40.21 33.83 28.91 - 39.11 0.703
Region 5 -- -- - -- 35.45 31.03 - 40.13 --
Region 6 47.30b 41.75 - 52.91 40.63 34.84 - 46.69 0.052
Region 7 (Shelby) 40.64b 35.82 - 45.65 35.51 30.42 - 40.94 0.095
Texas 45.07a 43.77 - 46.37 37.65 36.29 - 39.04 0.000
Region 1 45.94a 41.21 - 50.75 36.61 32.10 - 41.36 0.001
Region 2 48.17a 42.80 - 53.60 40.29 34.94 - 45.88 0.011
Region 3 41.90a 39.77 - 44.07 33.25 31.08 - 35.50 0.000
Region 3a 41.59a 38.97 - 44.25 33.81 31.06 - 36.67 0.000
Region 3bc 42.45a 38.97 - 46.00 32.29 29.03 - 35.74 0.000
Region 4 46.81a 42.18 - 51.50 37.99 33.20 - 43.01 0.004
Region 5 45.30a 40.34 - 50.35 36.84 32.00 - 41.96 0.006
Region 6 45.06a 42.64 - 47.49 39.55 36.88 - 42.29 0.001
Region 6a 45.24a 42.60 - 47.90 39.90 37.02 - 42.85 0.004
Region 6bc 43.56a 38.87 - 48.37 36.59 31.45 - 42.06 0.018
Region 7 36.62a 33.87 - 39.45 31.22 28.54 - 34.03 0.002
Region 7a 33.60 30.02 - 37.37 30.65 27.20 - 34.32 0.187
Region 7bcd 41.11a 37.17 - 45.18 32.18 28.35 - 36.26 0.000
Region 8 47.14a 43.66 - 50.65 40.82 37.27 - 44.46 0.007
Region 9 48.95a 44.04 - 53.88 36.72 31.69 - 42.05 0.000
Region 10 53.71a 48.75 - 58.60 46.08 41.74 - 50.47 0.005
Region 11 57.42a 54.11 - 60.66 48.69 45.31 - 52.07 0.000
Region 11abd 57.39a 53.18 - 61.49 48.38 44.12 - 52.67 0.000
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 57.48a 52.77 - 62.05 49.22 44.49 - 53.97 0.002
Utah 43.47a 40.95 - 46.03 38.41 35.94 - 40.95 0.003
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 44.36b 39.61 - 49.21 38.79 33.93 - 43.88 0.051
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 44.41 39.09 - 49.87 40.62 35.16 - 46.32 0.239
Davis County 43.05b 38.23 - 48.02 37.46 32.54 - 42.66 0.061
Salt Lake County 41.83a 38.26 - 45.48 36.62 33.06 - 40.33 0.032
Utah County 44.95b 40.83 - 49.14 40.32 35.87 - 44.95 0.088
Weber, Morgan 46.14a 40.80 - 51.57 39.86 34.74 - 45.20 0.042
Vermont 27.19a 24.67 - 29.86 23.14 20.88 - 25.56 0.015
Champlain Valley 24.45 21.13 - 28.10 21.82 18.81 - 25.16 0.230
Rural Northeast 29.18a 25.28 - 33.41 23.35 19.55 - 27.64 0.027
Rural Southeast 28.65a 24.32 - 33.42 21.51 17.91 - 25.60 0.007
Rural Southwest 28.84 24.16 - 34.01 28.32 23.68 - 33.47 0.868
Virginia 41.23a 38.58 - 43.94 29.45 26.92 - 32.11 0.000
Region 1 -- -- - -- 30.18 26.07 - 34.63 --
Region 2 36.66a 32.42 - 41.13 31.07 26.96 - 35.50 0.041
Region 3 43.53a 38.63 - 48.57 32.05 27.32 - 37.18 0.000
Region 4 -- -- - -- 30.84 26.27 - 35.82 --
Region 5 42.03a 37.64 - 46.54 23.89 20.05 - 28.21 0.000
Washington1 26.12b 23.71 - 28.69 23.33 21.15 - 25.66 0.068
Region 1 -- -- - -- 26.27 22.77 - 30.09 --
East 1 (previously Region 1) 30.21a 25.61 - 35.24 24.05 20.02 - 28.60 0.018
East 2 (previously Region 2) 32.61 27.53 - 38.14 29.27 24.25 - 34.86 0.260
Region 2 -- -- - -- 22.03 19.35 - 24.97 --
North 1 (previously Region 3) 26.17 22.09 - 30.72 22.85 19.13 - 27.05 0.207
North 2 (previously Region 4) 21.29 18.05 - 24.94 21.56 18.22 - 25.33 0.902
Region 3 -- -- - -- 23.20 20.21 - 26.49 --
West 1 (previously Region 5) 27.02b 22.88 - 31.60 22.45 18.74 - 26.65 0.071
West 2 (previously Region 6) 27.23 22.98 - 31.94 23.89 19.89 - 28.42 0.204
West Virginia1 45.98a 43.20 - 48.78 37.09 34.36 - 39.91 0.000
Region I 44.89a 39.07 - 50.87 35.37 29.35 - 41.90 0.008
Region II -- -- - -- 33.49 28.52 - 38.85 --
Region III 46.70b 40.86 - 52.62 40.72 35.15 - 46.53 0.094
Region IV -- -- - -- 34.18 29.78 - 38.88 --
Region V -- -- - -- 37.58 33.74 - 41.59 --
Region VI -- -- - -- 41.47 36.07 - 47.09 --
Wisconsin 33.39a 30.97 - 35.91 27.64 25.13 - 30.29 0.001
Milwaukee 34.85a 30.31 - 39.70 26.60 22.27 - 31.43 0.003
Northeastern 33.48b 29.37 - 37.85 28.56 24.72 - 32.73 0.066
Northern 38.02a 32.54 - 43.82 30.13 24.84 - 36.00 0.017
Southeastern 30.81 26.39 - 35.61 26.88 22.59 - 31.65 0.177
Southern -- -- - -- 25.49 21.27 - 30.23 --
Western -- -- - -- 30.01 25.23 - 35.27 --
Wyoming 37.35a 34.83 - 39.94 31.23 28.81 - 33.75 0.000
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 35.93 31.50 - 40.62 32.80 28.31 - 37.63 0.272
Judicial District 2 31.42a 27.11 - 36.07 24.26 20.13 - 28.94 0.004
Judicial District 3 38.12 33.49 - 42.97 37.85 33.01 - 42.94 0.929
Judicial District 4 38.40a 32.87 - 44.26 31.02 25.95 - 36.59 0.024
Judicial District 5 43.31a 37.72 - 49.08 31.76 26.47 - 37.56 0.000
Judicial District 6 40.13a 34.90 - 45.60 32.45 27.49 - 37.84 0.016
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 36.25a 31.35 - 41.46 26.73 22.30 - 31.67 0.001
Judicial District 8 41.73a 36.14 - 47.54 34.52 29.08 - 40.39 0.042
Judicial District 9 34.25b 29.11 - 39.78 28.75 23.93 - 34.11 0.077
140430
Table 5 – Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the methodology write-up for comparing estimates located below the tables.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 3.64a 3.51 - 3.78 3.35 3.22 - 3.48 0.002
Northeast 3.34 3.13 - 3.57 3.32 3.07 - 3.59 0.904
Midwest 3.41b 3.22 - 3.60 3.18 2.98 - 3.39 0.078
South 3.75a 3.57 - 3.94 3.19 3.01 - 3.39 0.000
West 3.96 3.69 - 4.24 3.76 3.47 - 4.07 0.287
Alabama 3.82 3.19 - 4.56 3.54 2.88 - 4.34 0.501
Region 1 3.52 2.68 - 4.62 3.27 2.42 - 4.41 0.630
Region 2 4.12 3.20 - 5.29 3.97 2.98 - 5.28 0.809
Region 3 3.85 2.92 - 5.06 3.06 2.23 - 4.19 0.133
Region 4 3.73 2.85 - 4.86 3.64 2.72 - 4.86 0.881
Alaska 4.01 3.34 - 4.81 3.46 2.74 - 4.35 0.207
Anchorage -- -- - -- 3.98 3.00 - 5.26 --
Northern -- -- - -- 2.92 2.08 - 4.08 --
South Central -- -- - -- 3.15 2.20 - 4.50 --
Southeast 3.48 2.59 - 4.65 3.32 2.27 - 4.84 0.793
Arizona 4.41 3.69 - 5.27 3.90 3.10 - 4.90 0.299
Maricopa 4.42 3.57 - 5.46 4.00 3.06 - 5.21 0.475
Pima 4.65 3.48 - 6.19 4.12 2.89 - 5.84 0.472
Rural North 4.38 3.23 - 5.91 3.91 2.74 - 5.55 0.525
Rural South 4.07 3.00 - 5.49 3.23 2.19 - 4.73 0.184
Arkansas1 3.87 3.26 - 4.59 3.77 3.08 - 4.60 0.797
Catchment Area 1 -- -- - -- 4.02 2.99 - 5.37 --
Catchment Area 2 3.71 2.73 - 5.04 3.40 2.40 - 4.80 0.598
Catchment Area 3 4.27 3.22 - 5.65 3.61 2.61 - 4.97 0.278
Catchment Area 4 -- -- - -- 3.79 2.68 - 5.35 --
Catchment Area 5 -- -- - -- 3.57 2.59 - 4.89 --
Catchment Area 6 -- -- - -- 3.54 2.48 - 5.02 --
Catchment Area 7 -- -- - -- 3.35 2.36 - 4.72 --
Catchment Area 8 4.09 3.09 - 5.41 4.31 3.17 - 5.85 0.742
California 3.80 3.41 - 4.25 3.60 3.18 - 4.06 0.453
Region 1R -- -- - -- 4.54 3.24 - 6.34 --
Region 2R -- -- - -- 4.00 2.96 - 5.38 --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- -- - -- 3.69 2.75 - 4.95 --
Region 4R -- -- - -- 3.81 2.85 - 5.09 --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- -- - -- 4.68 3.34 - 6.52 --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 3.10 2.37 - 4.05 2.86 2.10 - 3.88 0.592
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- -- - -- 3.44 2.56 - 4.61 --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- -- - -- 3.49 2.57 - 4.73 --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- -- - -- 3.01 2.16 - 4.18 --
Region 10 4.07 3.16 - 5.23 3.83 2.85 - 5.14 0.670
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 3.78 3.13 - 4.56 3.47 2.96 - 4.06 0.430
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- -- - -- 3.77 2.78 - 5.10 --
LA SPA 2 -- -- - -- 3.59 2.68 - 4.79 --
LA SPA 3 -- -- - -- 3.09 2.30 - 4.14 --
LA SPA 4 -- -- - -- 3.61 2.61 - 4.95 --
LA SPA 6 -- -- - -- 3.48 2.55 - 4.72 --
LA SPA 7 -- -- - -- 3.37 2.50 - 4.55 --
LA SPA 8 -- -- - -- 3.52 2.62 - 4.70 --
Region 12R -- -- - -- 3.44 2.51 - 4.71 --
Regions 13 and 19R -- -- - -- 3.75 2.91 - 4.82 --
Region 13 (Riverside) 3.23 2.42 - 4.29 3.75 2.86 - 4.90 0.296
Region 19R (Imperial) -- -- - -- 3.77 2.68 - 5.29 --
Region 14 (Orange) 3.33 2.61 - 4.24 3.19 2.46 - 4.13 0.760
Region 15R (Fresno) -- -- - -- 3.44 2.51 - 4.68 --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- -- - -- 3.73 2.91 - 4.77 --
Region 17R -- -- - -- 4.01 3.03 - 5.29 --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- -- - -- 3.32 2.57 - 4.27 --
Region 20R -- -- - -- 3.78 2.80 - 5.09 --
Region 21R -- -- - -- 4.45 3.32 - 5.94 --
Colorado 4.61 3.87 - 5.48 4.11 3.33 - 5.06 0.314
Region 1 4.53 3.44 - 5.93 4.66 3.40 - 6.36 0.848
Regions 2 and 7 4.73 3.81 - 5.87 4.17 3.24 - 5.36 0.360
Region 3 4.57 3.41 - 6.10 3.72 2.65 - 5.21 0.216
Region 4 4.35 3.12 - 6.02 3.63 2.49 - 5.26 0.295
Regions 5 and 6 4.29 3.15 - 5.81 3.89 2.77 - 5.45 0.563
Connecticut 3.33 2.79 - 3.97 3.39 2.70 - 4.25 0.873
Eastern 3.94 3.01 - 5.15 3.37 2.38 - 4.75 0.323
North Central 3.24 2.44 - 4.31 3.23 2.33 - 4.45 0.979
Northwestern 3.33 2.54 - 4.36 3.61 2.53 - 5.13 0.631
South Central 3.39 2.60 - 4.41 3.80 2.76 - 5.21 0.465
Southwest 2.98 2.23 - 3.99 2.91 2.07 - 4.09 0.879
Delaware 3.91 3.33 - 4.60 3.80 3.06 - 4.70 0.786
Kent 4.25 3.21 - 5.60 3.79 2.76 - 5.19 0.456
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 3.99 3.29 - 4.83 4.10 3.19 - 5.26 0.843
Sussex 3.56 2.66 - 4.74 3.09 2.20 - 4.33 0.395
Wilmington City 3.73 2.73 - 5.06 3.83 2.61 - 5.57 0.877
District of Columbia 3.73a 3.06 - 4.54 5.05 4.06 - 6.27 0.013
Ward 1 4.34 3.10 - 6.05 5.67 4.00 - 7.99 0.158
Ward 2 4.88 3.61 - 6.56 6.21 4.55 - 8.42 0.128
Ward 3 3.82b 2.80 - 5.19 5.31 3.77 - 7.42 0.074
Ward 4 2.86b 1.98 - 4.11 4.18 2.84 - 6.12 0.058
Ward 5 3.43 2.42 - 4.82 4.66 3.25 - 6.64 0.118
Ward 6 3.53a 2.49 - 5.00 5.16 3.58 - 7.39 0.043
Ward 7 3.32 2.35 - 4.67 4.22 2.91 - 6.09 0.242
Ward 8 3.48b 2.52 - 4.80 4.79 3.34 - 6.83 0.082
Florida1 3.68a 3.28 - 4.13 3.10 2.73 - 3.53 0.027
Region A - Northwest -- -- - -- 3.66 2.98 - 4.49 --
Circuit 1 4.43 3.41 - 5.74 3.56 2.65 - 4.76 0.126
Circuit 2 -- -- - -- 3.93 2.92 - 5.28 --
Circuit 14 -- -- - -- 3.55 2.52 - 4.98 --
Region B - Northeast -- -- - -- 3.41 2.79 - 4.16 --
Circuits 3 and 8 -- -- - -- 3.80 2.87 - 5.03 --
Circuit 4 -- -- - -- 3.68 2.72 - 4.97 --
Circuit 7 -- -- - -- 2.81 2.06 - 3.81 --
Region C - Central -- -- - -- 3.03 2.56 - 3.59 --
Circuit 5 3.03 2.22 - 4.12 2.66 1.91 - 3.69 0.457
Circuit 9 -- -- - -- 3.36 2.60 - 4.32 --
Circuit 10 3.60 2.76 - 4.67 3.19 2.39 - 4.26 0.423
Circuit 18 -- -- - -- 2.96 2.21 - 3.96 --
Circuit 19 3.42 2.53 - 4.62 2.88 2.05 - 4.02 0.297
Region D - Southeast -- -- - -- 2.87 2.30 - 3.56 --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 3.40 2.57 - 4.49 2.96 2.20 - 3.96 0.374
Circuit 17 (Broward) 3.74a 2.92 - 4.77 2.80 2.12 - 3.68 0.050
Region E - Sun Coast -- -- - -- 3.18 2.63 - 3.84 --
Circuit 6 -- -- - -- 3.42 2.52 - 4.63 --
Circuit 12 -- -- - -- 3.25 2.33 - 4.52 --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- -- - -- 3.00 2.30 - 3.90 --
Circuit 20 3.15 2.37 - 4.17 3.04 2.19 - 4.20 0.832
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.31 2.61 - 4.19 2.78 2.17 - 3.55 0.224
Georgia 3.81a 3.16 - 4.58 3.03 2.41 - 3.80 0.045
Region 1 -- -- - -- 2.92 2.16 - 3.95 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 3.13 2.25 - 4.32 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 3.10 2.23 - 4.30 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 3.20 2.21 - 4.61 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 3.18 2.23 - 4.50 --
Region 6 -- -- - -- 2.77 1.95 - 3.91 --
Hawaii 3.16 2.55 - 3.91 3.42 2.69 - 4.32 0.584
Hawaii Island 3.32 2.38 - 4.61 3.49 2.41 - 5.02 0.793
Honolulu 3.12 2.44 - 3.97 3.50 2.69 - 4.53 0.463
Kauai and Maui 3.24 2.34 - 4.46 3.00 2.13 - 4.21 0.670
Kauai -- -- - -- 3.49 2.27 - 5.33 --
Maui -- -- - -- 2.79 1.89 - 4.10 --
Idaho 3.47 2.89 - 4.17 3.59 2.89 - 4.45 0.766
Region 1 3.44 2.53 - 4.66 3.36 2.36 - 4.76 0.880
Region 2 3.57 2.65 - 4.80 3.52 2.49 - 4.95 0.921
Region 3 3.35 2.50 - 4.47 3.54 2.56 - 4.87 0.726
Region 4 3.69 2.84 - 4.79 3.98 2.94 - 5.36 0.616
Region 5 3.25 2.41 - 4.38 3.05 2.18 - 4.26 0.695
Region 6 3.58 2.67 - 4.79 3.74 2.66 - 5.22 0.780
Region 7 3.24 2.39 - 4.38 3.43 2.48 - 4.73 0.711
Illinois 3.29 2.92 - 3.70 3.06 2.68 - 3.48 0.359
Region I (Cook) 3.47 2.90 - 4.15 3.24 2.66 - 3.94 0.549
Region II 3.22 2.68 - 3.86 2.83 2.32 - 3.45 0.298
Region III 3.01 2.41 - 3.75 3.15 2.47 - 4.01 0.733
Region IV 3.23 2.54 - 4.11 2.56 1.88 - 3.47 0.135
Region V 3.07 2.45 - 3.84 3.30 2.53 - 4.29 0.599
Indiana 3.55 3.02 - 4.18 3.60 2.88 - 4.49 0.903
Central 3.78 2.92 - 4.89 3.32 2.40 - 4.57 0.400
East 3.69 2.78 - 4.88 4.03 2.83 - 5.72 0.587
North Central 3.38 2.55 - 4.46 3.58 2.57 - 4.97 0.703
Northeast 3.08 2.29 - 4.13 3.62 2.52 - 5.18 0.323
Northwest 3.20 2.40 - 4.26 3.63 2.55 - 5.15 0.440
Southeast 3.21 2.42 - 4.25 3.73 2.65 - 5.23 0.358
Southwest 3.92 2.91 - 5.25 3.23 2.25 - 4.61 0.230
West 4.00 3.06 - 5.22 4.00 2.91 - 5.48 0.994
Iowa 2.92 2.36 - 3.60 2.58 2.05 - 3.24 0.296
Central 2.98 2.15 - 4.11 2.52 1.81 - 3.50 0.317
North Central 3.10 2.30 - 4.19 3.02 2.09 - 4.34 0.865
Northeast 2.88 2.14 - 3.85 2.45 1.78 - 3.38 0.324
Northwest 2.66 1.94 - 3.64 2.60 1.83 - 3.66 0.879
Southeast 2.97 2.23 - 3.95 2.62 1.90 - 3.59 0.406
Southwest 3.02 2.16 - 4.21 2.38 1.66 - 3.39 0.158
Kansas 2.93 2.40 - 3.58 2.80 2.23 - 3.51 0.676
Kansas City Metro 2.90 2.22 - 3.78 2.68 1.99 - 3.60 0.599
Northeast 2.88 2.11 - 3.91 2.64 1.87 - 3.71 0.604
South Central 2.96 2.16 - 4.06 2.95 2.08 - 4.16 0.973
Southeast 3.03 2.20 - 4.15 3.05 2.08 - 4.46 0.960
West 2.71 1.95 - 3.76 2.79 1.99 - 3.90 0.872
Wichita (Sedgwick) 3.15 2.32 - 4.27 3.01 2.13 - 4.24 0.775
Kentucky 4.47a 3.77 - 5.31 3.00 2.40 - 3.73 0.000
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 4.01 3.07 - 5.22 3.11 2.23 - 4.32 0.110
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 5.10a 3.96 - 6.56 3.08 2.28 - 4.14 0.001
Communicare and River Valley 4.10a 3.08 - 5.44 2.76 1.96 - 3.88 0.014
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 4.08a 2.97 - 5.60 2.76 1.91 - 3.97 0.022
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 4.60a 3.47 - 6.06 3.12 2.16 - 4.49 0.026
Seven Counties 4.32a 3.31 - 5.61 2.95 2.12 - 4.11 0.022
Louisiana 4.03 3.45 - 4.70 3.57 2.92 - 4.36 0.238
Regions 1 and 10 -- -- - -- 3.75 2.82 - 4.96 --
Region 1 3.78 2.82 - 5.05 3.98 2.83 - 5.57 0.746
Region 10 (Jefferson) 4.00 2.98 - 5.34 3.52 2.47 - 5.00 0.459
Regions 2 and 9 4.33 3.41 - 5.48 3.72 2.82 - 4.89 0.282
Region 3 4.03 3.07 - 5.28 3.78 2.69 - 5.29 0.677
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- -- - -- 3.50 2.62 - 4.66 --
Regions 7 and 8 4.04 3.11 - 5.22 3.20 2.36 - 4.33 0.115
Maine1 3.65 3.06 - 4.34 3.35 2.71 - 4.13 0.420
Aroostook/Downeast -- -- - -- 2.99 2.22 - 4.02 --
Aroostook -- -- - -- 2.83 1.99 - 4.02 --
Downeast -- -- - -- 3.13 2.15 - 4.53 --
Central -- -- - -- 3.09 2.20 - 4.34 --
Cumberland 3.82 2.91 - 5.01 3.48 2.50 - 4.83 0.560
Midcoast 3.45 2.53 - 4.71 3.10 2.15 - 4.45 0.516
Penquis -- -- - -- 4.13 3.02 - 5.62 --
Western -- -- - -- 3.54 2.57 - 4.86 --
York 3.54 2.67 - 4.68 2.97 2.14 - 4.10 0.262
Maryland 3.12 2.56 - 3.80 2.75 2.17 - 3.49 0.290
Anne Arundel 3.23 2.37 - 4.39 2.98 2.04 - 4.33 0.635
Baltimore City 3.75 2.68 - 5.23 3.28 2.25 - 4.77 0.468
Baltimore County -- -- - -- 2.84 2.01 - 3.99 --
Montgomery 2.60 1.87 - 3.62 2.31 1.64 - 3.25 0.495
North Central -- -- - -- 2.72 1.89 - 3.89 --
Northeast -- -- - -- 2.82 1.94 - 4.10 --
Prince George's 2.73 1.95 - 3.82 2.32 1.60 - 3.37 0.355
South -- -- - -- 3.07 2.13 - 4.43 --
West -- -- - -- 2.93 2.02 - 4.22 --
Massachusetts 3.65 3.08 - 4.31 3.53 2.88 - 4.31 0.748
Boston 4.51 3.41 - 5.93 4.24 3.08 - 5.82 0.692
Central 3.37 2.50 - 4.52 3.65 2.64 - 5.05 0.596
Metrowest 3.62 2.80 - 4.68 3.43 2.50 - 4.70 0.722
Northeast 3.26 2.49 - 4.27 3.01 2.17 - 4.17 0.615
Southeast 3.61 2.75 - 4.71 3.25 2.36 - 4.46 0.513
Western 3.78 2.91 - 4.91 4.10 2.99 - 5.59 0.603
Michigan1 3.55 3.19 - 3.94 3.58 3.18 - 4.03 0.888
Detroit City 3.77 2.84 - 5.00 3.68 2.71 - 4.97 0.875
Genesee 4.12 3.11 - 5.44 3.63 2.71 - 4.85 0.421
Kalamazoo -- -- - -- 3.37 2.56 - 4.42 --
Kent 3.52 2.80 - 4.41 3.77 2.86 - 4.96 0.606
Lakeshore -- -- - -- 3.46 2.68 - 4.46 --
Macomb 3.19 2.52 - 4.03 3.21 2.46 - 4.19 0.961
Mid South -- -- - -- 3.97 3.10 - 5.07 --
Northern 3.40 2.69 - 4.29 3.90 3.00 - 5.05 0.330
Oakland 2.98 2.35 - 3.76 3.24 2.53 - 4.13 0.536
Pathways and Western -- -- - -- 3.30 2.45 - 4.45 --
Riverhaven 3.56 2.73 - 4.63 3.60 2.64 - 4.88 0.942
Saginaw 3.39 2.59 - 4.42 3.81 2.74 - 5.29 0.433
Southeast 3.99 3.21 - 4.95 3.81 3.01 - 4.81 0.738
St. Clair 3.29 2.51 - 4.31 3.67 2.71 - 4.95 0.481
Washtenaw 3.64 2.87 - 4.61 3.31 2.52 - 4.33 0.472
Minnesota 3.16 2.62 - 3.80 2.76 2.22 - 3.44 0.234
Regions 1 and 2 3.57 2.65 - 4.80 2.98 2.07 - 4.29 0.275
Regions 3 and 4 3.03 2.29 - 4.01 2.69 1.97 - 3.67 0.426
Regions 5 and 6 3.11 2.36 - 4.09 2.90 2.10 - 3.97 0.636
Region 7A (Hennepin) 3.36 2.48 - 4.54 2.85 2.05 - 3.94 0.340
Region 7B (Ramsey) 3.23 2.40 - 4.32 2.95 2.04 - 4.25 0.583
Region 7C 2.82 2.12 - 3.74 2.44 1.78 - 3.34 0.358
Mississippi 3.37 2.83 - 4.01 3.57 2.91 - 4.38 0.572
Region 1 3.20 2.44 - 4.17 3.83 2.86 - 5.12 0.204
Region 2 3.14 2.35 - 4.19 3.41 2.42 - 4.79 0.600
Region 3 3.26 2.45 - 4.33 3.33 2.38 - 4.65 0.886
Region 4 3.18 2.41 - 4.19 3.43 2.46 - 4.75 0.647
Region 5 3.13 2.29 - 4.27 3.52 2.45 - 5.04 0.486
Region 6 3.74 2.81 - 4.96 3.76 2.73 - 5.14 0.977
Region 7 3.98 2.97 - 5.33 3.61 2.60 - 4.98 0.523
Missouri 3.91a 3.32 - 4.61 2.78 2.21 - 3.48 0.001
Central 4.47a 3.43 - 5.80 2.78 1.97 - 3.91 0.003
Eastern 3.65a 2.93 - 4.56 2.75 2.09 - 3.61 0.029
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 3.46 2.64 - 4.53 2.77 2.02 - 3.79 0.148
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 4.04a 3.04 - 5.35 2.72 1.92 - 3.84 0.011
Northwest 4.17a 3.30 - 5.24 2.81 2.14 - 3.69 0.002
Northwest (Jackson) 4.52a 3.34 - 6.09 2.80 2.00 - 3.89 0.004
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 3.85a 2.90 - 5.09 2.82 2.04 - 3.90 0.033
Southeast 3.80b 2.89 - 4.97 2.85 2.01 - 4.01 0.062
Southwest 3.70b 2.81 - 4.86 2.72 1.93 - 3.81 0.051
Montana 3.76 3.16 - 4.48 3.27 2.64 - 4.03 0.205
Region 1 3.32 2.49 - 4.43 3.01 2.12 - 4.27 0.545
Region 2 4.03 3.03 - 5.35 3.43 2.43 - 4.81 0.317
Region 3 3.74 2.83 - 4.93 3.15 2.31 - 4.28 0.290
Region 4 3.63 2.81 - 4.69 3.74 2.78 - 5.01 0.851
Region 5 3.88b 3.02 - 4.99 2.93 2.18 - 3.93 0.061
Nebraska 3.22a 2.71 - 3.84 2.49 1.95 - 3.19 0.027
Regions 1 and 2 2.91b 2.13 - 3.95 2.25 1.60 - 3.14 0.093
Region 1 -- -- - -- 2.33 1.56 - 3.47 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 2.17 1.46 - 3.22 --
Region 3 3.37b 2.51 - 4.49 2.47 1.71 - 3.54 0.064
Region 4 3.06a 2.31 - 4.05 2.15 1.47 - 3.15 0.037
Region 5 3.36 2.62 - 4.30 2.65 1.90 - 3.67 0.103
Region 6 3.23 2.53 - 4.12 2.56 1.89 - 3.46 0.119
Nevada1 4.31 3.41 - 5.42 4.11 3.23 - 5.22 0.744
Clark - Region 1 4.42 3.35 - 5.81 3.89 2.96 - 5.10 0.449
Region 3 3.67 2.66 - 5.03 4.04 2.90 - 5.58 0.544
Capital District -- -- - -- 4.05 2.73 - 5.97 --
Rural/Frontier -- -- - -- 4.02 2.72 - 5.91 --
Washoe - Region 2 4.36 3.28 - 5.78 5.17 3.69 - 7.19 0.311
New Hampshire 3.94 3.35 - 4.63 3.79 3.10 - 4.61 0.705
Central 4.05 3.29 - 4.97 3.70 2.89 - 4.73 0.468
Central 1 4.14 3.24 - 5.28 4.34 3.24 - 5.80 0.742
Central 2 3.96 3.02 - 5.19 3.09 2.23 - 4.26 0.103
Northern 3.77 2.87 - 4.95 3.74 2.71 - 5.13 0.953
Southern 3.92 3.23 - 4.76 3.84 3.04 - 4.84 0.856
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 3.72 2.84 - 4.87 3.20 2.34 - 4.36 0.324
Southern 2 4.04 3.21 - 5.07 4.23 3.21 - 5.55 0.747
New Jersey 3.24 2.70 - 3.89 3.19 2.54 - 4.01 0.895
Central 3.17 2.41 - 4.17 3.10 2.24 - 4.26 0.873
Metropolitan 3.37 2.58 - 4.40 3.25 2.35 - 4.47 0.812
Northern 3.14 2.42 - 4.07 3.01 2.17 - 4.15 0.789
Southern 3.32 2.51 - 4.39 3.52 2.58 - 4.79 0.703
New Mexico 4.66 3.85 - 5.63 3.98 3.19 - 4.95 0.191
Region 1 4.31 3.26 - 5.70 3.99 2.90 - 5.47 0.644
Region 2 4.53 3.37 - 6.07 3.54 2.42 - 5.14 0.178
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 4.87 3.75 - 6.31 4.45 3.28 - 6.02 0.582
Region 4 4.60 3.43 - 6.14 3.83 2.75 - 5.32 0.264
Region 5 4.81b 3.67 - 6.28 3.60 2.59 - 4.98 0.064
New York 3.15 2.81 - 3.53 3.31 2.89 - 3.79 0.515
Region A 3.13 2.68 - 3.65 3.24 2.72 - 3.87 0.721
Region 1 3.33 2.54 - 4.37 3.08 2.23 - 4.22 0.617
Region 2 3.02 2.37 - 3.84 3.07 2.35 - 4.02 0.905
Region 3 4.04 3.12 - 5.23 4.60 3.40 - 6.20 0.412
Region 4 2.50 1.89 - 3.29 2.56 1.91 - 3.43 0.878
Region B -- -- - -- 3.10 2.55 - 3.77 --
Region 5 2.97 2.35 - 3.75 3.28 2.54 - 4.22 0.504
Region 6 2.60 2.02 - 3.34 2.48 1.78 - 3.44 0.761
Region 7 3.11 2.38 - 4.06 3.50 2.61 - 4.68 0.412
Region C -- -- - -- 3.57 3.01 - 4.23 --
Region 8 3.24 2.55 - 4.10 3.20 2.43 - 4.21 0.930
Region 9 3.32 2.62 - 4.22 3.69 2.75 - 4.93 0.464
Region 10 3.61 2.83 - 4.58 3.55 2.61 - 4.80 0.900
Region 11 3.49 2.75 - 4.41 3.74 2.80 - 4.97 0.620
Region 12 3.26 2.59 - 4.10 3.66 2.75 - 4.85 0.415
Region D 3.44 2.89 - 4.08 3.57 2.90 - 4.38 0.705
Region 13 3.27 2.51 - 4.26 3.25 2.39 - 4.41 0.963
Region 14 3.39 2.61 - 4.38 3.80 2.79 - 5.15 0.424
Region 15 3.63 2.81 - 4.67 3.62 2.70 - 4.86 0.992
North Carolina 3.79a 3.17 - 4.52 2.85 2.27 - 3.59 0.015
Alliance -- -- - -- 2.82 2.04 - 3.89 --
Cardinal Innovations -- -- - -- 3.00 2.14 - 4.19 --
CenterPoint/Guilford -- -- - -- 2.96 2.18 - 4.02 --
CenterPoint -- -- - -- 2.98 2.06 - 4.29 --
Guilford -- -- - -- 2.94 2.04 - 4.23 --
CoastalCare -- -- - -- 3.32 2.29 - 4.78 --
Eastpointe -- -- - -- 2.59 1.79 - 3.74 --
ECBH -- -- - -- 2.71 1.84 - 3.96 --
MeckLINK -- -- - -- 2.72 1.87 - 3.95 --
Partners -- -- - -- 2.86 2.00 - 4.07 --
Sandhills -- -- - -- 2.64 1.82 - 3.80 --
Smoky Mountain -- -- - -- 2.86 1.95 - 4.19 --
Western Highlands -- -- - -- 2.82 1.93 - 4.08 --
North Dakota 3.12a 2.56 - 3.81 2.20 1.70 - 2.84 0.007
Badlands and West Central 2.66b 1.95 - 3.61 1.99 1.39 - 2.84 0.095
Lake Region and South Central 3.23a 2.32 - 4.47 2.02 1.38 - 2.94 0.014
North Central and Northwest 3.05a 2.26 - 4.10 2.19 1.53 - 3.12 0.047
Northeast 3.45b 2.59 - 4.59 2.55 1.79 - 3.60 0.075
Southeast 3.40a 2.60 - 4.44 2.34 1.68 - 3.26 0.024
Ohio 3.35 2.99 - 3.76 3.60 3.22 - 4.02 0.311
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 3.15 2.45 - 4.06 3.16 2.37 - 4.19 0.994
Boards 3, 52, and 85 2.96b 2.27 - 3.85 3.86 2.87 - 5.17 0.073
Boards 4 and 78 3.30 2.50 - 4.35 3.68 2.68 - 5.02 0.482
Boards 5 and 60 3.91 3.02 - 5.06 4.19 3.18 - 5.52 0.609
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 3.21 2.48 - 4.16 3.24 2.42 - 4.31 0.961
Boards 8, 13, and 83 3.43 2.65 - 4.43 3.18 2.42 - 4.19 0.585
Board 9 (Butler) 3.32 2.59 - 4.26 3.89 2.96 - 5.09 0.243
Board 12 3.42 2.65 - 4.40 3.30 2.44 - 4.44 0.803
Boards 18 and 47 3.34 2.65 - 4.20 3.47 2.74 - 4.38 0.783
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 3.07 2.34 - 4.02 3.08 2.26 - 4.17 0.984
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 3.01 2.32 - 3.89 3.38 2.56 - 4.46 0.432
Boards 22, 74, and 87 2.93 2.19 - 3.91 3.52 2.65 - 4.66 0.211
Boards 23 and 45 3.26 2.50 - 4.25 3.53 2.62 - 4.75 0.587
Board 25 (Franklin) 3.75 2.99 - 4.69 4.30 3.38 - 5.47 0.315
Boards 27, 71, and 73 3.20 2.45 - 4.18 3.91 2.91 - 5.24 0.175
Boards 28, 43, and 67 3.31 2.57 - 4.25 3.47 2.65 - 4.54 0.716
Board 31 (Hamilton) 3.38 2.64 - 4.32 3.33 2.57 - 4.32 0.916
Board 48 (Lucas) 3.38 2.60 - 4.37 3.83 2.90 - 5.06 0.358
Boards 50 and 76 3.37 2.60 - 4.38 3.29 2.53 - 4.27 0.862
Board 57 (Montgomery) 3.77 2.86 - 4.96 3.54 2.67 - 4.69 0.672
Board 77 (Summit) 3.22 2.45 - 4.22 4.10 3.08 - 5.45 0.106
Oklahoma 4.26 3.59 - 5.05 3.68 2.99 - 4.52 0.162
Central 4.40 3.34 - 5.78 3.47 2.52 - 4.76 0.104
East Central 3.70 2.74 - 4.99 3.48 2.43 - 4.97 0.714
Northeast 4.00 3.03 - 5.27 3.39 2.43 - 4.70 0.277
Northwest and Southwest 4.02 3.04 - 5.29 3.79 2.70 - 5.30 0.718
Oklahoma County 4.30 3.24 - 5.68 4.03 2.95 - 5.48 0.676
Southeast 4.46 3.35 - 5.91 3.58 2.52 - 5.07 0.207
Tulsa County 4.76 3.67 - 6.14 3.78 2.71 - 5.23 0.153
Oregon 3.84 3.21 - 4.59 4.21 3.42 - 5.19 0.407
Region 1 (Multnomah) 4.56 3.46 - 5.98 5.29 3.84 - 7.25 0.365
Region 2 3.53 2.68 - 4.64 3.54 2.58 - 4.84 0.985
Region 3 3.70 2.87 - 4.76 4.41 3.40 - 5.70 0.230
Region 4 3.89 2.91 - 5.20 3.70 2.58 - 5.27 0.780
Region 5 (Central) -- -- - -- 3.94 2.73 - 5.66 --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- -- - -- 3.80 2.58 - 5.56 --
Pennsylvania1 3.34 2.98 - 3.73 3.09 2.70 - 3.53 0.322
Region 1 (Allegheny) 3.69 2.90 - 4.68 3.92 2.99 - 5.14 0.680
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- -- - -- 2.66 1.96 - 3.60 --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 3.20 2.49 - 4.09 3.00 2.23 - 4.02 0.668
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 3.14 2.47 - 3.98 2.80 2.10 - 3.71 0.403
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- -- - -- 2.94 2.19 - 3.92 --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 3.17 2.57 - 3.90 2.83 2.23 - 3.57 0.383
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- -- - -- 2.52 1.84 - 3.46 --
Regions 17 and 21 3.47 2.68 - 4.50 3.02 2.19 - 4.15 0.350
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 2.68 2.08 - 3.45 2.65 2.01 - 3.50 0.944
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 2.99 2.32 - 3.85 3.05 2.32 - 3.99 0.894
Regions 29 and 34 3.26 2.51 - 4.23 2.89 2.15 - 3.87 0.391
Regions 30 and 50 -- -- - -- 2.74 2.02 - 3.69 --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 4.21 3.35 - 5.29 4.20 3.20 - 5.48 0.978
Rhode Island 4.39 3.68 - 5.22 4.87 3.92 - 6.02 0.369
Bristol and Newport 4.16 3.10 - 5.56 3.78 2.62 - 5.42 0.563
Kent 4.02 3.01 - 5.35 3.99 2.85 - 5.57 0.964
Providence 4.48 3.65 - 5.49 5.30 4.11 - 6.81 0.229
Washington 4.68 3.57 - 6.11 5.05 3.65 - 6.96 0.611
South Carolina 3.52 2.94 - 4.20 3.39 2.75 - 4.16 0.719
Region 1 3.96b 3.04 - 5.13 3.01 2.20 - 4.11 0.078
Region 2 3.30 2.59 - 4.19 3.23 2.40 - 4.33 0.886
Region 3 3.13 2.31 - 4.22 3.40 2.40 - 4.80 0.617
Region 4 3.58 2.72 - 4.70 3.92 2.92 - 5.24 0.555
South Dakota 2.99 2.44 - 3.64 2.45 1.90 - 3.17 0.119
Region 1 -- -- - -- 2.51 1.76 - 3.56 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 2.46 1.65 - 3.65 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 2.22 1.58 - 3.12 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 2.33 1.62 - 3.33 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 2.66 1.89 - 3.75 --
Tennessee 3.58 3.00 - 4.26 3.56 2.90 - 4.36 0.962
Region 1 4.00 2.88 - 5.53 3.31 2.33 - 4.69 0.259
Region 2 3.97 3.01 - 5.21 3.60 2.63 - 4.91 0.520
Region 3 -- -- - -- 3.59 2.61 - 4.93 --
Region 4 (Davidson) 4.21 3.13 - 5.64 3.72 2.72 - 5.08 0.419
Region 5 -- -- - -- 3.31 2.45 - 4.46 --
Region 6 3.52 2.60 - 4.77 3.33 2.34 - 4.71 0.724
Region 7 (Shelby) 2.98b 2.17 - 4.08 4.06 2.88 - 5.70 0.059
Texas 3.84a 3.47 - 4.24 3.09 2.72 - 3.50 0.003
Region 1 4.29b 3.40 - 5.41 3.35 2.52 - 4.45 0.065
Region 2 4.14a 3.15 - 5.42 3.03 2.22 - 4.12 0.028
Region 3 3.64 3.11 - 4.25 3.20 2.67 - 3.83 0.213
Region 3a 3.57 2.94 - 4.33 3.17 2.52 - 3.96 0.342
Region 3bc 3.75 2.99 - 4.70 3.26 2.55 - 4.16 0.296
Region 4 3.88a 3.00 - 5.02 2.88 2.12 - 3.89 0.044
Region 5 4.10a 3.16 - 5.32 3.11 2.32 - 4.16 0.048
Region 6 3.64a 3.07 - 4.30 2.70 2.19 - 3.32 0.009
Region 6a 3.61a 3.01 - 4.33 2.68 2.14 - 3.35 0.017
Region 6bc 3.85a 2.96 - 5.01 2.88 2.13 - 3.89 0.038
Region 7 4.35 3.70 - 5.10 3.71 3.05 - 4.52 0.113
Region 7a 4.57 3.73 - 5.59 3.81 2.96 - 4.90 0.154
Region 7bcd 4.02 3.17 - 5.09 3.55 2.71 - 4.63 0.344
Region 8 3.98b 3.19 - 4.97 3.04 2.32 - 3.98 0.051
Region 9 4.02 3.07 - 5.25 3.29 2.41 - 4.47 0.166
Region 10 3.91b 2.99 - 5.10 3.00 2.23 - 4.02 0.064
Region 11 3.61 2.94 - 4.42 2.98 2.38 - 3.75 0.122
Region 11abd 3.77 2.94 - 4.81 3.08 2.34 - 4.05 0.156
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 3.27 2.49 - 4.29 2.82 2.07 - 3.82 0.315
Utah 3.91a 3.30 - 4.62 2.92 2.35 - 3.61 0.007
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 4.15a 3.14 - 5.48 2.74 1.98 - 3.80 0.005
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 3.53 2.63 - 4.71 2.81 2.01 - 3.91 0.122
Davis County 3.69b 2.78 - 4.87 2.88 2.06 - 4.00 0.097
Salt Lake County 4.15a 3.26 - 5.26 2.85 2.13 - 3.82 0.014
Utah County 3.76 2.88 - 4.90 3.31 2.44 - 4.49 0.380
Weber, Morgan 3.56 2.70 - 4.69 2.81 1.97 - 3.99 0.130
Vermont 3.91 3.31 - 4.61 4.01 3.28 - 4.89 0.816
Champlain Valley 4.09 3.29 - 5.07 4.40 3.43 - 5.64 0.574
Rural Northeast 3.91 3.04 - 5.02 3.95 2.90 - 5.38 0.941
Rural Southeast 3.22 2.40 - 4.30 3.74 2.70 - 5.16 0.367
Rural Southwest 4.41 3.27 - 5.91 3.45 2.43 - 4.87 0.140
Virginia 3.49 2.91 - 4.17 3.18 2.56 - 3.94 0.398
Region 1 -- -- - -- 3.52 2.56 - 4.81 --
Region 2 3.10 2.34 - 4.09 2.57 1.84 - 3.59 0.264
Region 3 3.79 2.87 - 5.00 3.42 2.47 - 4.72 0.517
Region 4 -- -- - -- 3.22 2.27 - 4.55 --
Region 5 3.54 2.69 - 4.66 3.48 2.55 - 4.73 0.900
Washington1 3.98 3.37 - 4.69 4.36 3.56 - 5.33 0.392
Region 1 -- -- - -- 4.14 3.15 - 5.43 --
East 1 (previously Region 1) 4.00 3.02 - 5.27 4.16 3.00 - 5.76 0.785
East 2 (previously Region 2) 3.86 2.85 - 5.19 4.11 2.91 - 5.79 0.684
Region 2 -- -- - -- 4.51 3.55 - 5.73 --
North 1 (previously Region 3) 4.24 3.23 - 5.54 4.31 3.15 - 5.86 0.921
North 2 (previously Region 4) 3.76 2.90 - 4.87 4.63 3.49 - 6.13 0.176
Region 3 -- -- - -- 4.29 3.33 - 5.51 --
West 1 (previously Region 5) 4.20 3.19 - 5.51 4.37 3.22 - 5.89 0.805
West 2 (previously Region 6) 3.96 2.99 - 5.23 4.22 3.06 - 5.79 0.701
West Virginia1 3.82 3.21 - 4.54 3.22 2.62 - 3.95 0.104
Region I 3.43 2.55 - 4.61 2.95 2.05 - 4.22 0.346
Region II -- -- - -- 3.20 2.29 - 4.48 --
Region III 3.69b 2.70 - 5.03 2.81 2.00 - 3.94 0.082
Region IV -- -- - -- 4.16 3.17 - 5.44 --
Region V -- -- - -- 3.15 2.36 - 4.20 --
Region VI -- -- - -- 2.56 1.79 - 3.65 --
Wisconsin 3.73 3.14 - 4.42 3.18 2.57 - 3.93 0.124
Milwaukee 3.88 2.91 - 5.15 3.44 2.49 - 4.74 0.427
Northeastern 3.67 2.79 - 4.82 2.88 2.11 - 3.93 0.120
Northern 3.27 2.39 - 4.45 3.08 2.16 - 4.39 0.713
Southeastern 3.84 2.85 - 5.15 3.19 2.31 - 4.37 0.226
Southern -- -- - -- 3.34 2.48 - 4.49 --
Western -- -- - -- 3.18 2.26 - 4.44 --
Wyoming 3.76a 3.16 - 4.47 2.81 2.22 - 3.55 0.011
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 3.62b 2.69 - 4.86 2.68 1.86 - 3.84 0.084
Judicial District 2 4.69a 3.58 - 6.12 3.30 2.39 - 4.54 0.019
Judicial District 3 3.74a 2.82 - 4.96 2.64 1.87 - 3.70 0.030
Judicial District 4 3.78a 2.81 - 5.07 2.40 1.64 - 3.49 0.010
Judicial District 5 3.18 2.35 - 4.29 2.50 1.72 - 3.62 0.168
Judicial District 6 3.63 2.72 - 4.83 2.95 2.08 - 4.16 0.189
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 4.02 3.02 - 5.35 3.21 2.25 - 4.56 0.178
Judicial District 8 3.57b 2.62 - 4.84 2.66 1.83 - 3.86 0.091
Judicial District 9 3.64 2.68 - 4.94 2.82 1.94 - 4.08 0.129
140430
Table 6 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the methodology write-up for comparing estimates located below the tables.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 2.46a 2.35 - 2.57 1.68 1.60 - 1.77 0.000
Northeast 2.47a 2.27 - 2.68 1.96 1.76 - 2.18 0.000
Midwest 2.45a 2.30 - 2.61 1.41 1.27 - 1.56 0.000
South 2.37a 2.22 - 2.52 1.52 1.39 - 1.67 0.000
West 2.61a 2.40 - 2.84 1.97 1.77 - 2.19 0.000
Alabama 2.21a 1.73 - 2.82 1.06 0.73 - 1.55 0.000
Region 1 1.93a 1.39 - 2.68 1.15 0.73 - 1.79 0.012
Region 2 2.52a 1.83 - 3.46 1.10 0.70 - 1.72 0.000
Region 3 2.38a 1.65 - 3.43 0.90 0.56 - 1.44 0.000
Region 4 1.97a 1.37 - 2.81 1.04 0.66 - 1.63 0.004
Alaska 2.57a 2.01 - 3.28 1.77 1.34 - 2.34 0.020
Anchorage -- -- - -- 2.00 1.46 - 2.75 --
Northern -- -- - -- 1.60 1.08 - 2.36 --
South Central -- -- - -- 1.55 1.05 - 2.28 --
Southeast 2.80a 1.93 - 4.05 1.81 1.21 - 2.69 0.033
Arizona 3.48a 2.77 - 4.35 2.02 1.52 - 2.68 0.000
Maricopa 3.42a 2.65 - 4.41 2.05 1.48 - 2.83 0.003
Pima 4.28a 3.09 - 5.91 2.30 1.59 - 3.31 0.001
Rural North 2.94a 2.10 - 4.12 1.93 1.30 - 2.86 0.031
Rural South 3.16a 2.21 - 4.51 1.66 1.08 - 2.54 0.001
Arkansas1 1.96a 1.54 - 2.49 1.24 0.88 - 1.74 0.002
Catchment Area 1 -- -- - -- 1.24 0.81 - 1.88 --
Catchment Area 2 1.55a 1.08 - 2.21 1.03 0.66 - 1.62 0.043
Catchment Area 3 2.09a 1.45 - 3.00 1.11 0.70 - 1.75 0.003
Catchment Area 4 -- -- - -- 1.12 0.73 - 1.73 --
Catchment Area 5 -- -- - -- 1.15 0.74 - 1.79 --
Catchment Area 6 -- -- - -- 1.66 1.00 - 2.73 --
Catchment Area 7 -- -- - -- 1.05 0.67 - 1.66 --
Catchment Area 8 2.24a 1.60 - 3.15 1.49 0.97 - 2.29 0.047
California 2.58a 2.26 - 2.94 2.03 1.72 - 2.38 0.011
Region 1R -- -- - -- 2.13 1.53 - 2.95 --
Region 2R -- -- - -- 2.05 1.47 - 2.84 --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- -- - -- 1.93 1.37 - 2.71 --
Region 4R -- -- - -- 1.89 1.39 - 2.57 --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- -- - -- 3.52 2.51 - 4.91 --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 2.18a 1.61 - 2.95 1.39 0.99 - 1.94 0.013
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- -- - -- 1.80 1.29 - 2.52 --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- -- - -- 2.09 1.52 - 2.87 --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- -- - -- 1.59 1.11 - 2.28 --
Region 10 2.69 2.00 - 3.60 2.28 1.66 - 3.12 0.309
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 2.53 2.04 - 3.13 2.05 1.67 - 2.51 0.127
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- -- - -- 2.40 1.69 - 3.41 --
LA SPA 2 -- -- - -- 1.90 1.36 - 2.63 --
LA SPA 3 -- -- - -- 1.69 1.22 - 2.34 --
LA SPA 4 -- -- - -- 2.58 1.84 - 3.62 --
LA SPA 6 -- -- - -- 2.23 1.59 - 3.13 --
LA SPA 7 -- -- - -- 1.88 1.34 - 2.63 --
LA SPA 8 -- -- - -- 2.05 1.50 - 2.81 --
Region 12R -- -- - -- 1.91 1.35 - 2.70 --
Regions 13 and 19R -- -- - -- 1.70 1.26 - 2.29 --
Region 13 (Riverside) 2.18 1.63 - 2.92 1.68 1.22 - 2.31 0.121
Region 19R (Imperial) -- -- - -- 1.97 1.39 - 2.80 --
Region 14 (Orange) 2.18 1.65 - 2.87 1.91 1.46 - 2.50 0.413
Region 15R (Fresno) -- -- - -- 2.04 1.42 - 2.92 --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- -- - -- 2.20 1.64 - 2.95 --
Region 17R -- -- - -- 2.44 1.75 - 3.39 --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- -- - -- 2.00 1.47 - 2.71 --
Region 20R -- -- - -- 1.88 1.34 - 2.63 --
Region 21R -- -- - -- 2.25 1.63 - 3.10 --
Colorado 3.67a 2.94 - 4.59 2.76 2.15 - 3.53 0.030
Region 1 3.51 2.59 - 4.75 3.00 2.15 - 4.18 0.378
Regions 2 and 7 4.01b 3.09 - 5.18 2.95 2.23 - 3.90 0.058
Region 3 3.24 2.27 - 4.60 2.44 1.68 - 3.54 0.144
Region 4 3.00 2.09 - 4.31 2.37 1.54 - 3.65 0.242
Regions 5 and 6 3.09a 2.16 - 4.39 2.08 1.42 - 3.04 0.034
Connecticut 2.14 1.65 - 2.76 1.89 1.44 - 2.50 0.397
Eastern 2.31 1.65 - 3.24 1.78 1.21 - 2.61 0.157
North Central 2.03 1.40 - 2.92 2.02 1.43 - 2.84 0.972
Northwestern 2.12 1.51 - 2.99 1.71 1.15 - 2.52 0.268
South Central 2.21 1.58 - 3.09 2.04 1.46 - 2.86 0.665
Southwest 2.10 1.45 - 3.04 1.78 1.19 - 2.64 0.406
Delaware 2.63a 2.10 - 3.29 1.81 1.37 - 2.40 0.007
Kent 2.43a 1.72 - 3.42 1.63 1.11 - 2.41 0.036
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 2.75b 2.13 - 3.54 2.06 1.51 - 2.81 0.079
Sussex 2.25a 1.56 - 3.23 1.25 0.85 - 1.84 0.004
Wilmington City 3.15 2.05 - 4.82 2.17 1.39 - 3.37 0.130
District of Columbia 3.23 2.43 - 4.28 2.98 2.26 - 3.92 0.640
Ward 1 3.32 2.18 - 5.02 3.71 2.56 - 5.35 0.647
Ward 2 3.70 2.54 - 5.36 3.92 2.76 - 5.54 0.792
Ward 3 2.86 1.91 - 4.26 3.24 2.29 - 4.55 0.573
Ward 4 2.97 1.85 - 4.72 2.34 1.55 - 3.54 0.393
Ward 5 3.43 2.12 - 5.53 2.50 1.66 - 3.75 0.278
Ward 6 3.46 2.20 - 5.38 3.39 2.29 - 4.97 0.939
Ward 7 3.33 1.98 - 5.55 2.29 1.42 - 3.67 0.240
Ward 8 2.76 1.66 - 4.55 2.21 1.38 - 3.51 0.463
Florida1 2.61a 2.27 - 2.99 1.79 1.50 - 2.14 0.000
Region A - Northwest -- -- - -- 2.17 1.70 - 2.79 --
Circuit 1 2.77b 2.07 - 3.71 2.04 1.47 - 2.83 0.074
Circuit 2 -- -- - -- 2.70 1.95 - 3.74 --
Circuit 14 -- -- - -- 1.78 1.24 - 2.55 --
Region B - Northeast -- -- - -- 1.93 1.51 - 2.46 --
Circuits 3 and 8 -- -- - -- 2.09 1.52 - 2.87 --
Circuit 4 -- -- - -- 2.06 1.46 - 2.90 --
Circuit 7 -- -- - -- 1.66 1.20 - 2.30 --
Region C - Central -- -- - -- 1.65 1.34 - 2.04 --
Circuit 5 1.85a 1.33 - 2.56 1.21 0.85 - 1.73 0.031
Circuit 9 -- -- - -- 2.25 1.68 - 3.01 --
Circuit 10 2.24a 1.66 - 3.03 1.42 1.03 - 1.96 0.011
Circuit 18 -- -- - -- 1.69 1.23 - 2.32 --
Circuit 19 2.32a 1.69 - 3.19 1.27 0.89 - 1.80 0.001
Region D - Southeast -- -- - -- 1.67 1.30 - 2.13 --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 2.80a 2.08 - 3.77 1.71 1.26 - 2.33 0.007
Circuit 17 (Broward) 2.95a 2.25 - 3.87 1.63 1.21 - 2.20 0.001
Region E - Sun Coast -- -- - -- 1.96 1.57 - 2.44 --
Circuit 6 -- -- - -- 2.38 1.73 - 3.28 --
Circuit 12 -- -- - -- 1.91 1.36 - 2.67 --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- -- - -- 1.91 1.42 - 2.56 --
Circuit 20 2.06 1.50 - 2.84 1.55 1.11 - 2.15 0.124
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 2.57a 1.92 - 3.44 1.56 1.20 - 2.04 0.005
Georgia 2.32a 1.81 - 2.96 1.58 1.15 - 2.18 0.008
Region 1 -- -- - -- 1.36 0.91 - 2.02 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 1.75 1.13 - 2.71 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 1.72 1.16 - 2.55 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 1.77 1.13 - 2.77 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 1.51 0.98 - 2.32 --
Region 6 -- -- - -- 1.53 0.99 - 2.35 --
Hawaii 1.96 1.49 - 2.58 1.59 1.15 - 2.19 0.224
Hawaii Island 1.92 1.29 - 2.85 1.88 1.21 - 2.91 0.923
Honolulu 1.99 1.48 - 2.68 1.61 1.15 - 2.27 0.275
Kauai and Maui 1.87b 1.27 - 2.74 1.26 0.84 - 1.88 0.053
Kauai -- -- - -- 1.41 0.87 - 2.27 --
Maui -- -- - -- 1.19 0.77 - 1.84 --
Idaho 1.60a 1.23 - 2.09 1.08 0.77 - 1.52 0.011
Region 1 1.58a 1.10 - 2.27 0.82 0.52 - 1.29 0.001
Region 2 1.81a 1.24 - 2.63 1.20 0.78 - 1.87 0.032
Region 3 1.57b 1.09 - 2.27 1.08 0.69 - 1.70 0.071
Region 4 1.63 1.15 - 2.32 1.25 0.82 - 1.91 0.190
Region 5 1.50b 1.05 - 2.16 1.03 0.66 - 1.61 0.064
Region 6 1.58a 1.08 - 2.30 1.00 0.64 - 1.56 0.025
Region 7 1.56a 1.08 - 2.24 1.01 0.65 - 1.57 0.029
Illinois 2.54a 2.19 - 2.95 1.80 1.50 - 2.15 0.001
Region I (Cook) 2.85b 2.29 - 3.54 2.21 1.74 - 2.79 0.078
Region II 2.27a 1.84 - 2.80 1.42 1.11 - 1.82 0.001
Region III 2.39 1.86 - 3.06 1.84 1.39 - 2.44 0.107
Region IV 2.28a 1.75 - 2.95 1.48 1.06 - 2.07 0.016
Region V 2.36a 1.82 - 3.06 1.50 1.09 - 2.06 0.009
Indiana 2.41a 1.91 - 3.04 1.06 0.73 - 1.53 0.000
Central 2.75a 1.97 - 3.83 1.07 0.68 - 1.70 0.000
East 2.28a 1.63 - 3.18 1.04 0.64 - 1.67 0.000
North Central 2.18a 1.57 - 3.03 0.97 0.61 - 1.53 0.000
Northeast 2.33a 1.66 - 3.25 0.98 0.61 - 1.55 0.000
Northwest 2.44a 1.71 - 3.46 1.03 0.63 - 1.67 0.000
Southeast 2.05a 1.45 - 2.89 1.02 0.64 - 1.62 0.000
Southwest 2.13a 1.49 - 3.04 1.04 0.63 - 1.71 0.001
West 2.66a 1.92 - 3.68 1.33 0.85 - 2.07 0.000
Iowa 2.07a 1.65 - 2.61 1.10 0.79 - 1.52 0.000
Central 2.08a 1.49 - 2.90 1.01 0.64 - 1.58 0.000
North Central 2.20a 1.56 - 3.08 1.33 0.85 - 2.06 0.009
Northeast 2.19a 1.59 - 3.01 1.05 0.70 - 1.57 0.000
Northwest 1.77a 1.27 - 2.47 0.92 0.60 - 1.42 0.001
Southeast 2.22a 1.61 - 3.07 1.26 0.85 - 1.87 0.002
Southwest 1.80a 1.25 - 2.57 1.01 0.65 - 1.59 0.004
Kansas 2.04a 1.60 - 2.61 1.36 1.00 - 1.86 0.003
Kansas City Metro 2.14a 1.57 - 2.91 1.39 0.96 - 2.02 0.017
Northeast 1.88a 1.34 - 2.64 1.22 0.81 - 1.85 0.023
South Central 1.82a 1.28 - 2.60 1.24 0.81 - 1.89 0.039
Southeast 1.89a 1.33 - 2.68 1.22 0.79 - 1.89 0.021
West 1.90a 1.32 - 2.72 1.22 0.81 - 1.83 0.014
Wichita (Sedgwick) 2.39b 1.68 - 3.41 1.70 1.10 - 2.63 0.092
Kentucky 2.54a 2.03 - 3.17 1.29 0.93 - 1.79 0.000
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 2.19a 1.61 - 2.98 1.28 0.83 - 1.95 0.006
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 2.80a 2.05 - 3.82 1.37 0.91 - 2.05 0.000
Communicare and River Valley 2.39a 1.70 - 3.34 1.14 0.74 - 1.75 0.000
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 2.25a 1.57 - 3.21 1.36 0.88 - 2.11 0.012
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 2.48a 1.78 - 3.45 1.22 0.77 - 1.93 0.001
Seven Counties 2.71a 1.94 - 3.77 1.27 0.83 - 1.93 0.000
Louisiana 2.58a 2.04 - 3.24 1.50 1.10 - 2.04 0.000
Regions 1 and 10 -- -- - -- 1.98 1.37 - 2.85 --
Region 1 3.45b 2.21 - 5.34 2.21 1.43 - 3.40 0.076
Region 10 (Jefferson) 2.33 1.56 - 3.47 1.75 1.17 - 2.62 0.216
Regions 2 and 9 2.64a 1.94 - 3.58 1.36 0.92 - 2.01 0.001
Region 3 2.69a 1.88 - 3.84 1.39 0.91 - 2.13 0.001
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- -- - -- 1.52 1.04 - 2.22 --
Regions 7 and 8 2.16a 1.51 - 3.07 1.25 0.83 - 1.87 0.007
Maine1 2.43a 1.96 - 3.02 1.81 1.38 - 2.35 0.017
Aroostook/Downeast -- -- - -- 1.78 1.25 - 2.53 --
Aroostook -- -- - -- 1.79 1.17 - 2.73 --
Downeast -- -- - -- 1.77 1.18 - 2.63 --
Central -- -- - -- 1.61 1.08 - 2.41 --
Cumberland 2.94 2.18 - 3.95 2.58 1.83 - 3.61 0.454
Midcoast 2.06b 1.46 - 2.90 1.47 0.98 - 2.21 0.079
Penquis -- -- - -- 1.98 1.36 - 2.86 --
Western -- -- - -- 1.53 1.05 - 2.23 --
York 2.06a 1.48 - 2.86 1.27 0.86 - 1.86 0.012
Maryland 2.02a 1.52 - 2.68 1.39 0.98 - 1.96 0.022
Anne Arundel 2.03 1.38 - 2.98 1.45 0.92 - 2.26 0.105
Baltimore City 3.52b 2.16 - 5.67 2.10 1.29 - 3.39 0.072
Baltimore County -- -- - -- 1.43 0.91 - 2.24 --
Montgomery 1.41 0.94 - 2.11 1.12 0.74 - 1.69 0.288
North Central -- -- - -- 1.27 0.80 - 2.00 --
Northeast -- -- - -- 1.42 0.90 - 2.24 --
Prince George's 1.83b 1.14 - 2.94 1.11 0.69 - 1.76 0.066
South -- -- - -- 1.44 0.91 - 2.25 --
West -- -- - -- 1.44 0.92 - 2.24 --
Massachusetts 2.78a 2.22 - 3.48 2.06 1.58 - 2.66 0.018
Boston 3.70 2.62 - 5.19 3.09 2.17 - 4.39 0.358
Central 2.61 1.89 - 3.60 2.25 1.55 - 3.25 0.409
Metrowest 2.51b 1.81 - 3.49 1.84 1.30 - 2.60 0.092
Northeast 2.50b 1.80 - 3.48 1.79 1.24 - 2.57 0.074
Southeast 2.95a 2.15 - 4.04 1.85 1.27 - 2.68 0.014
Western 2.76b 1.99 - 3.82 1.98 1.37 - 2.86 0.084
Michigan1 2.56a 2.24 - 2.93 1.33 1.10 - 1.62 0.000
Detroit City 3.53a 2.40 - 5.16 1.63 1.04 - 2.53 0.005
Genesee 2.88a 2.10 - 3.93 1.29 0.90 - 1.83 0.000
Kalamazoo -- -- - -- 1.23 0.89 - 1.69 --
Kent 2.63a 1.98 - 3.48 1.44 1.04 - 1.98 0.001
Lakeshore -- -- - -- 1.23 0.89 - 1.70 --
Macomb 2.39a 1.80 - 3.16 1.13 0.82 - 1.56 0.000
Mid South -- -- - -- 1.41 1.03 - 1.94 --
Northern 2.23a 1.71 - 2.92 1.33 0.98 - 1.81 0.002
Oakland 2.47a 1.89 - 3.23 1.27 0.95 - 1.70 0.000
Pathways and Western -- -- - -- 1.16 0.82 - 1.64 --
Riverhaven 2.26a 1.66 - 3.06 1.34 0.95 - 1.89 0.004
Saginaw 2.57a 1.86 - 3.54 1.46 1.00 - 2.13 0.005
Southeast 2.51a 1.96 - 3.21 1.47 1.06 - 2.02 0.003
St. Clair 2.28a 1.71 - 3.04 1.11 0.78 - 1.59 0.000
Washtenaw 2.45a 1.85 - 3.23 1.34 0.98 - 1.83 0.000
Minnesota 2.39a 1.90 - 3.00 1.28 0.94 - 1.74 0.000
Regions 1 and 2 2.40a 1.71 - 3.36 1.20 0.78 - 1.86 0.000
Regions 3 and 4 2.32a 1.71 - 3.15 1.09 0.72 - 1.65 0.000
Regions 5 and 6 2.18a 1.60 - 2.97 1.27 0.85 - 1.90 0.004
Region 7A (Hennepin) 2.74a 1.94 - 3.86 1.70 1.16 - 2.48 0.012
Region 7B (Ramsey) 2.68a 1.86 - 3.83 1.41 0.91 - 2.17 0.001
Region 7C 2.09a 1.52 - 2.87 0.98 0.65 - 1.48 0.000
Mississippi 1.90 1.42 - 2.54 1.47 1.05 - 2.06 0.122
Region 1 1.61 1.10 - 2.37 1.48 0.98 - 2.24 0.680
Region 2 2.04 1.27 - 3.27 1.51 0.93 - 2.45 0.285
Region 3 1.76 1.18 - 2.61 1.37 0.89 - 2.11 0.286
Region 4 1.97 1.32 - 2.92 1.54 1.00 - 2.36 0.272
Region 5 1.83 1.11 - 2.99 1.28 0.80 - 2.04 0.187
Region 6 2.17b 1.45 - 3.24 1.42 0.92 - 2.19 0.056
Region 7 2.08 1.44 - 3.00 1.56 1.03 - 2.34 0.150
Missouri 2.85a 2.28 - 3.55 1.25 0.91 - 1.73 0.000
Central 3.08a 2.23 - 4.24 1.24 0.81 - 1.87 0.000
Eastern 2.93a 2.18 - 3.92 1.35 0.92 - 1.97 0.000
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 3.04a 2.12 - 4.35 1.54 1.00 - 2.37 0.004
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 2.70a 1.96 - 3.69 1.01 0.65 - 1.57 0.000
Northwest 3.06a 2.31 - 4.03 1.23 0.85 - 1.78 0.000
Northwest (Jackson) 3.44a 2.45 - 4.79 1.49 0.96 - 2.32 0.000
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 2.71a 1.94 - 3.79 1.01 0.65 - 1.55 0.000
Southeast 2.53a 1.78 - 3.58 1.08 0.69 - 1.67 0.000
Southwest 2.36a 1.70 - 3.26 1.23 0.81 - 1.87 0.001
Montana 2.39a 1.93 - 2.95 1.51 1.15 - 1.98 0.000
Region 1 1.91a 1.33 - 2.72 1.11 0.73 - 1.67 0.005
Region 2 2.34a 1.65 - 3.31 1.43 0.95 - 2.14 0.008
Region 3 2.18a 1.56 - 3.04 1.41 0.97 - 2.04 0.019
Region 4 2.47a 1.87 - 3.26 1.57 1.10 - 2.22 0.007
Region 5 2.62a 1.97 - 3.46 1.68 1.21 - 2.31 0.007
Nebraska 2.09a 1.64 - 2.65 1.39 1.05 - 1.85 0.003
Regions 1 and 2 1.67b 1.16 - 2.40 1.24 0.86 - 1.80 0.093
Region 1 -- -- - -- 1.30 0.84 - 2.03 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 1.19 0.78 - 1.81 --
Region 3 1.82a 1.27 - 2.61 1.14 0.75 - 1.71 0.009
Region 4 1.63a 1.13 - 2.34 1.09 0.71 - 1.65 0.033
Region 5 2.08a 1.53 - 2.81 1.46 1.02 - 2.08 0.045
Region 6 2.45a 1.78 - 3.35 1.56 1.10 - 2.19 0.011
Nevada1 2.07 1.58 - 2.69 1.63 1.20 - 2.22 0.125
Clark - Region 1 2.04 1.51 - 2.75 1.56 1.11 - 2.21 0.146
Region 3 1.77 1.24 - 2.54 1.38 0.95 - 2.01 0.177
Capital District -- -- - -- 1.50 0.98 - 2.28 --
Rural/Frontier -- -- - -- 1.28 0.82 - 1.99 --
Washoe - Region 2 2.44 1.74 - 3.42 2.15 1.50 - 3.07 0.474
New Hampshire 2.89a 2.33 - 3.58 1.99 1.54 - 2.56 0.003
Central 2.83 2.17 - 3.68 2.23 1.66 - 2.99 0.107
Central 1 3.11 2.28 - 4.23 2.43 1.72 - 3.42 0.162
Central 2 2.56 1.84 - 3.55 2.03 1.40 - 2.95 0.217
Northern 2.75a 2.03 - 3.71 1.95 1.37 - 2.77 0.050
Southern 2.95a 2.31 - 3.77 1.88 1.41 - 2.49 0.002
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 2.29a 1.65 - 3.18 1.56 1.11 - 2.17 0.027
Southern 2 3.35a 2.53 - 4.43 2.08 1.49 - 2.89 0.005
New Jersey 2.07 1.61 - 2.66 1.98 1.48 - 2.66 0.758
Central 2.03 1.45 - 2.83 1.82 1.24 - 2.66 0.567
Metropolitan 2.03 1.40 - 2.94 2.48 1.70 - 3.61 0.339
Northern 2.05 1.49 - 2.83 1.88 1.33 - 2.67 0.639
Southern 2.21 1.54 - 3.16 1.75 1.17 - 2.61 0.272
New Mexico 3.19a 2.56 - 3.96 2.12 1.60 - 2.81 0.003
Region 1 2.51b 1.82 - 3.45 1.74 1.19 - 2.55 0.053
Region 2 3.09a 2.18 - 4.36 1.90 1.27 - 2.83 0.014
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 3.75a 2.84 - 4.94 2.64 1.89 - 3.68 0.047
Region 4 3.10a 2.24 - 4.29 1.70 1.16 - 2.49 0.001
Region 5 3.15a 2.34 - 4.23 2.10 1.45 - 3.04 0.024
New York 2.52a 2.17 - 2.93 2.06 1.74 - 2.45 0.040
Region A 2.47 2.01 - 3.03 2.35 1.89 - 2.90 0.693
Region 1 2.48 1.78 - 3.45 2.13 1.47 - 3.08 0.477
Region 2 2.26 1.65 - 3.09 2.19 1.64 - 2.93 0.865
Region 3 3.68 2.74 - 4.92 3.38 2.48 - 4.58 0.644
Region 4 1.87 1.33 - 2.62 1.91 1.41 - 2.58 0.917
Region B -- -- - -- 1.79 1.45 - 2.19 --
Region 5 2.28b 1.76 - 2.95 1.74 1.35 - 2.24 0.073
Region 6 2.34a 1.75 - 3.14 1.63 1.17 - 2.27 0.041
Region 7 2.57 1.93 - 3.41 2.19 1.60 - 3.00 0.347
Region C -- -- - -- 1.97 1.61 - 2.41 --
Region 8 2.87b 2.16 - 3.79 2.09 1.54 - 2.83 0.067
Region 9 2.58b 1.91 - 3.48 1.92 1.41 - 2.62 0.088
Region 10 2.68a 2.04 - 3.53 1.79 1.30 - 2.46 0.011
Region 11 3.12a 2.29 - 4.23 2.02 1.48 - 2.74 0.015
Region 12 2.85a 2.15 - 3.77 1.94 1.41 - 2.66 0.028
Region D 2.41a 1.94 - 2.99 1.76 1.38 - 2.23 0.012
Region 13 2.21 1.61 - 3.03 1.75 1.26 - 2.44 0.189
Region 14 2.42b 1.77 - 3.30 1.75 1.26 - 2.44 0.056
Region 15 2.57a 1.89 - 3.49 1.76 1.24 - 2.49 0.026
North Carolina 2.18b 1.71 - 2.78 1.69 1.24 - 2.31 0.067
Alliance -- -- - -- 1.78 1.20 - 2.63 --
Cardinal Innovations -- -- - -- 1.86 1.24 - 2.78 --
CenterPoint/Guilford -- -- - -- 1.62 1.11 - 2.35 --
CenterPoint -- -- - -- 1.65 1.08 - 2.52 --
Guilford -- -- - -- 1.58 1.01 - 2.46 --
CoastalCare -- -- - -- 2.11 1.38 - 3.22 --
Eastpointe -- -- - -- 1.45 0.93 - 2.26 --
ECBH -- -- - -- 1.72 1.11 - 2.65 --
MeckLINK -- -- - -- 1.61 1.04 - 2.48 --
Partners -- -- - -- 1.58 1.04 - 2.39 --
Sandhills -- -- - -- 1.42 0.91 - 2.22 --
Smoky Mountain -- -- - -- 1.59 1.03 - 2.45 --
Western Highlands -- -- - -- 1.67 1.11 - 2.51 --
North Dakota 1.82a 1.42 - 2.32 0.97 0.68 - 1.39 0.000
Badlands and West Central 1.57a 1.11 - 2.21 0.84 0.54 - 1.32 0.002
Lake Region and South Central 1.48a 1.02 - 2.16 0.89 0.56 - 1.43 0.014
North Central and Northwest 1.68a 1.18 - 2.40 0.86 0.54 - 1.35 0.001
Northeast 1.97a 1.39 - 2.77 1.26 0.83 - 1.91 0.020
Southeast 2.27a 1.68 - 3.07 1.09 0.70 - 1.71 0.000
Ohio 2.34a 2.03 - 2.70 1.54 1.28 - 1.85 0.000
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 2.00b 1.47 - 2.70 1.44 1.03 - 2.01 0.059
Boards 3, 52, and 85 1.75b 1.28 - 2.40 1.29 0.90 - 1.85 0.092
Boards 4 and 78 2.28a 1.67 - 3.09 1.48 1.03 - 2.11 0.022
Boards 5 and 60 2.47a 1.85 - 3.29 1.57 1.12 - 2.20 0.007
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 2.18a 1.62 - 2.93 1.25 0.90 - 1.74 0.002
Boards 8, 13, and 83 1.92a 1.44 - 2.57 1.27 0.91 - 1.77 0.016
Board 9 (Butler) 2.25a 1.67 - 3.03 1.23 0.88 - 1.71 0.000
Board 12 2.27a 1.70 - 3.03 1.58 1.10 - 2.26 0.036
Boards 18 and 47 2.30a 1.72 - 3.06 1.39 1.03 - 1.89 0.007
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 1.96a 1.45 - 2.65 1.34 0.95 - 1.87 0.035
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 1.99a 1.51 - 2.63 1.20 0.84 - 1.71 0.004
Boards 22, 74, and 87 2.06a 1.53 - 2.76 1.43 1.03 - 1.98 0.035
Boards 23 and 45 2.09a 1.56 - 2.79 1.49 1.06 - 2.09 0.041
Board 25 (Franklin) 2.95 2.28 - 3.80 2.34 1.74 - 3.14 0.184
Boards 27, 71, and 73 1.99 1.48 - 2.67 1.54 1.08 - 2.19 0.168
Boards 28, 43, and 67 2.05a 1.54 - 2.72 1.30 0.94 - 1.81 0.009
Board 31 (Hamilton) 2.71b 1.95 - 3.75 1.82 1.29 - 2.56 0.058
Board 48 (Lucas) 2.36a 1.68 - 3.31 1.52 1.08 - 2.13 0.029
Boards 50 and 76 2.46a 1.81 - 3.33 1.35 0.96 - 1.89 0.002
Board 57 (Montgomery) 2.79b 2.00 - 3.89 1.93 1.34 - 2.76 0.072
Board 77 (Summit) 2.77a 2.02 - 3.79 1.41 0.99 - 1.99 0.000
Oklahoma 1.92a 1.48 - 2.48 1.15 0.82 - 1.62 0.000
Central 1.89a 1.33 - 2.68 1.17 0.76 - 1.80 0.008
East Central 1.51a 1.02 - 2.22 0.96 0.60 - 1.55 0.033
Northeast 1.79a 1.26 - 2.55 0.86 0.56 - 1.33 0.000
Northwest and Southwest 1.76a 1.24 - 2.49 1.19 0.76 - 1.86 0.048
Oklahoma County 2.41a 1.67 - 3.45 1.30 0.85 - 1.99 0.002
Southeast 1.71a 1.20 - 2.44 1.16 0.72 - 1.85 0.050
Tulsa County 2.11a 1.47 - 3.01 1.28 0.82 - 2.00 0.011
Oregon 2.27 1.78 - 2.88 1.93 1.47 - 2.54 0.237
Region 1 (Multnomah) 3.10 2.23 - 4.28 3.25 2.27 - 4.63 0.805
Region 2 1.89 1.37 - 2.61 1.56 1.08 - 2.26 0.293
Region 3 2.17 1.55 - 3.02 1.70 1.21 - 2.39 0.191
Region 4 2.07 1.47 - 2.90 1.55 1.03 - 2.32 0.141
Region 5 (Central) -- -- - -- 1.53 1.01 - 2.30 --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- -- - -- 1.59 1.02 - 2.46 --
Pennsylvania1 2.41a 2.09 - 2.77 1.72 1.42 - 2.07 0.002
Region 1 (Allegheny) 2.86 2.17 - 3.78 2.15 1.57 - 2.93 0.121
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- -- - -- 1.65 1.16 - 2.35 --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 2.03a 1.53 - 2.70 1.39 1.01 - 1.92 0.036
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 1.87b 1.43 - 2.46 1.34 0.95 - 1.87 0.063
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- -- - -- 1.46 1.05 - 2.02 --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 2.28a 1.80 - 2.88 1.42 1.09 - 1.84 0.002
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- -- - -- 1.49 1.05 - 2.10 --
Regions 17 and 21 2.44a 1.79 - 3.31 1.59 1.13 - 2.24 0.021
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 1.84 1.39 - 2.42 1.40 1.02 - 1.91 0.129
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 2.40a 1.80 - 3.21 1.66 1.20 - 2.31 0.046
Regions 29 and 34 2.13 1.59 - 2.86 1.74 1.26 - 2.39 0.225
Regions 30 and 50 -- -- - -- 1.47 1.05 - 2.05 --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 3.46 2.57 - 4.63 2.93 2.14 - 3.99 0.409
Rhode Island 3.62a 2.88 - 4.54 2.49 1.89 - 3.26 0.012
Bristol and Newport 3.68a 2.59 - 5.21 1.66 1.12 - 2.46 0.000
Kent 3.27a 2.34 - 4.56 2.04 1.37 - 3.03 0.029
Providence 3.67 2.80 - 4.82 2.74 2.01 - 3.72 0.102
Washington 3.74b 2.74 - 5.08 2.72 1.87 - 3.92 0.088
South Carolina 2.58a 2.01 - 3.30 1.72 1.26 - 2.34 0.007
Region 1 2.50b 1.82 - 3.43 1.79 1.20 - 2.65 0.090
Region 2 2.52a 1.85 - 3.41 1.52 1.05 - 2.21 0.009
Region 3 2.40 1.62 - 3.55 1.74 1.13 - 2.66 0.185
Region 4 2.84a 1.99 - 4.04 1.85 1.26 - 2.69 0.031
South Dakota 1.70a 1.30 - 2.23 0.91 0.63 - 1.31 0.000
Region 1 -- -- - -- 0.90 0.58 - 1.40 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 0.73 0.45 - 1.18 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 0.85 0.54 - 1.35 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 0.81 0.50 - 1.31 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 1.08 0.70 - 1.66 --
Tennessee 2.30a 1.80 - 2.94 1.43 1.04 - 1.97 0.001
Region 1 2.11a 1.46 - 3.02 1.40 0.92 - 2.13 0.031
Region 2 2.28b 1.61 - 3.20 1.60 1.06 - 2.42 0.063
Region 3 -- -- - -- 1.45 0.96 - 2.20 --
Region 4 (Davidson) 3.39a 2.34 - 4.87 1.86 1.22 - 2.84 0.004
Region 5 -- -- - -- 1.13 0.75 - 1.69 --
Region 6 2.14a 1.47 - 3.12 1.31 0.83 - 2.04 0.017
Region 7 (Shelby) 2.53a 1.66 - 3.84 1.50 0.95 - 2.38 0.039
Texas 2.44a 2.14 - 2.77 1.47 1.24 - 1.75 0.000
Region 1 2.60a 2.01 - 3.37 1.76 1.27 - 2.44 0.014
Region 2 2.39a 1.76 - 3.25 1.25 0.85 - 1.82 0.000
Region 3 2.22a 1.83 - 2.70 1.50 1.21 - 1.86 0.002
Region 3a 2.32a 1.85 - 2.90 1.56 1.21 - 2.01 0.009
Region 3bc 2.05a 1.54 - 2.72 1.40 1.03 - 1.89 0.027
Region 4 2.07a 1.55 - 2.76 1.22 0.84 - 1.77 0.005
Region 5 2.32a 1.69 - 3.16 1.21 0.85 - 1.71 0.000
Region 6 2.19a 1.77 - 2.72 1.38 1.07 - 1.79 0.001
Region 6a 2.17a 1.72 - 2.74 1.38 1.04 - 1.81 0.003
Region 6bc 2.38a 1.75 - 3.23 1.45 1.01 - 2.08 0.004
Region 7 3.07a 2.51 - 3.75 1.79 1.40 - 2.27 0.000
Region 7a 3.31a 2.59 - 4.22 1.95 1.46 - 2.61 0.001
Region 7bcd 2.71a 2.06 - 3.54 1.50 1.08 - 2.09 0.000
Region 8 2.78a 2.17 - 3.57 1.44 1.06 - 1.96 0.000
Region 9 2.75a 2.08 - 3.64 1.74 1.24 - 2.43 0.004
Region 10 2.58a 1.91 - 3.49 1.46 1.04 - 2.06 0.001
Region 11 2.56a 2.03 - 3.22 1.35 1.01 - 1.78 0.000
Region 11abd 2.46a 1.86 - 3.25 1.40 1.00 - 1.96 0.001
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 2.76a 2.03 - 3.75 1.25 0.87 - 1.80 0.000
Utah 1.90 1.45 - 2.50 1.52 1.15 - 1.99 0.116
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 2.03a 1.41 - 2.92 1.30 0.87 - 1.94 0.014
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 1.56 1.08 - 2.25 1.21 0.80 - 1.82 0.171
Davis County 1.64 1.10 - 2.43 1.36 0.89 - 2.07 0.346
Salt Lake County 2.04 1.45 - 2.87 1.71 1.22 - 2.38 0.348
Utah County 1.88 1.31 - 2.69 1.50 1.02 - 2.18 0.230
Weber, Morgan 1.95 1.33 - 2.84 1.63 1.08 - 2.44 0.367
Vermont 2.97b 2.44 - 3.60 2.38 1.87 - 3.01 0.073
Champlain Valley 3.70b 2.91 - 4.69 2.75 2.09 - 3.59 0.054
Rural Northeast 2.56 1.88 - 3.47 2.32 1.65 - 3.27 0.593
Rural Southeast 2.27 1.65 - 3.11 2.16 1.51 - 3.07 0.793
Rural Southwest 2.75a 2.02 - 3.74 1.82 1.26 - 2.62 0.022
Virginia 2.34a 1.83 - 3.01 1.36 1.01 - 1.83 0.000
Region 1 -- -- - -- 1.43 1.00 - 2.06 --
Region 2 2.10a 1.46 - 3.01 1.23 0.82 - 1.82 0.008
Region 3 2.37a 1.71 - 3.28 1.37 0.93 - 2.00 0.003
Region 4 -- -- - -- 1.44 0.94 - 2.19 --
Region 5 2.53a 1.75 - 3.65 1.39 0.93 - 2.06 0.004
Washington1 2.14 1.69 - 2.71 1.73 1.32 - 2.27 0.103
Region 1 -- -- - -- 1.46 1.05 - 2.04 --
East 1 (previously Region 1) 2.13b 1.55 - 2.92 1.51 1.02 - 2.23 0.057
East 2 (previously Region 2) 2.08a 1.46 - 2.95 1.41 0.94 - 2.10 0.038
Region 2 -- -- - -- 1.93 1.44 - 2.59 --
North 1 (previously Region 3) 2.19 1.56 - 3.07 1.75 1.23 - 2.49 0.198
North 2 (previously Region 4) 2.18 1.57 - 3.01 2.04 1.45 - 2.86 0.706
Region 3 -- -- - -- 1.63 1.18 - 2.25 --
West 1 (previously Region 5) 2.24 1.62 - 3.08 1.70 1.16 - 2.48 0.126
West 2 (previously Region 6) 1.97 1.39 - 2.78 1.56 1.06 - 2.29 0.194
West Virginia1 2.53a 2.07 - 3.09 1.54 1.15 - 2.06 0.000
Region I 2.44a 1.77 - 3.35 1.10 0.72 - 1.70 0.000
Region II -- -- - -- 1.40 0.92 - 2.11 --
Region III 2.27a 1.64 - 3.13 1.19 0.77 - 1.83 0.002
Region IV -- -- - -- 2.27 1.64 - 3.12 --
Region V -- -- - -- 1.49 1.00 - 2.20 --
Region VI -- -- - -- 1.22 0.80 - 1.86 --
Wisconsin 2.68a 2.13 - 3.36 1.40 1.04 - 1.89 0.000
Milwaukee 3.11a 2.18 - 4.43 1.66 1.07 - 2.56 0.004
Northeastern 2.61a 1.90 - 3.57 1.27 0.87 - 1.86 0.000
Northern 2.31a 1.62 - 3.29 1.27 0.84 - 1.93 0.002
Southeastern 2.44a 1.76 - 3.37 1.36 0.91 - 2.02 0.002
Southern -- -- - -- 1.52 1.05 - 2.18 --
Western -- -- - -- 1.30 0.86 - 1.94 --
Wyoming 2.14a 1.72 - 2.67 1.19 0.86 - 1.65 0.000
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 2.27a 1.63 - 3.15 1.26 0.82 - 1.94 0.002
Judicial District 2 2.93a 2.16 - 3.96 1.90 1.25 - 2.87 0.032
Judicial District 3 1.85a 1.33 - 2.56 0.99 0.63 - 1.55 0.002
Judicial District 4 1.84a 1.30 - 2.60 1.04 0.66 - 1.64 0.005
Judicial District 5 1.70a 1.19 - 2.41 0.93 0.59 - 1.46 0.002
Judicial District 6 1.94a 1.38 - 2.71 1.14 0.73 - 1.79 0.007
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 2.66a 1.90 - 3.72 1.35 0.88 - 2.05 0.000
Judicial District 8 1.68a 1.18 - 2.38 0.98 0.63 - 1.52 0.005
Judicial District 9 2.04a 1.43 - 2.92 1.06 0.67 - 1.68 0.001
140430
Table 7 – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the methodology write-up for comparing estimates located below the tables.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 4.76 4.61 - 4.92 4.63 4.49 - 4.78 0.219
Northeast 4.13 3.86 - 4.41 4.19 3.92 - 4.48 0.716
Midwest 4.57 4.35 - 4.80 4.65 4.43 - 4.88 0.565
South 4.84a 4.63 - 5.07 4.45 4.23 - 4.67 0.005
West 5.36 5.02 - 5.73 5.24 4.92 - 5.59 0.601
Alabama 5.05 4.30 - 5.93 4.92 4.13 - 5.84 0.770
Region 1 4.77 3.75 - 6.06 4.58 3.49 - 5.99 0.754
Region 2 5.47 4.38 - 6.81 5.27 4.14 - 6.69 0.772
Region 3 4.87 3.72 - 6.36 4.25 3.20 - 5.64 0.343
Region 4 4.94 3.90 - 6.23 5.36 4.15 - 6.90 0.520
Alaska 5.43 4.53 - 6.49 5.21 4.40 - 6.16 0.693
Anchorage -- -- - -- 5.81 4.68 - 7.20 --
Northern -- -- - -- 5.00 3.85 - 6.48 --
South Central -- -- - -- 4.75 3.61 - 6.21 --
Southeast 5.41 4.00 - 7.28 4.47 3.31 - 6.01 0.186
Arizona 5.63 4.72 - 6.70 5.70 4.77 - 6.80 0.902
Maricopa 5.40 4.39 - 6.62 6.07 4.93 - 7.46 0.348
Pima 6.49 4.91 - 8.53 5.89 4.42 - 7.81 0.483
Rural North 5.40 4.02 - 7.24 4.66 3.40 - 6.37 0.317
Rural South 5.83 4.20 - 8.04 4.72 3.41 - 6.51 0.159
Arkansas1 5.15 4.35 - 6.08 5.74 4.85 - 6.78 0.235
Catchment Area 1 -- -- - -- 5.45 4.16 - 7.11 --
Catchment Area 2 4.78 3.56 - 6.38 5.59 4.15 - 7.50 0.288
Catchment Area 3 5.60 4.29 - 7.28 5.66 4.23 - 7.53 0.942
Catchment Area 4 -- -- - -- 5.92 4.37 - 7.96 --
Catchment Area 5 -- -- - -- 5.85 4.49 - 7.60 --
Catchment Area 6 -- -- - -- 5.73 4.23 - 7.71 --
Catchment Area 7 -- -- - -- 5.16 3.85 - 6.89 --
Catchment Area 8 5.36 4.13 - 6.92 6.20 4.79 - 7.99 0.289
California 5.11 4.59 - 5.68 5.03 4.55 - 5.56 0.819
Region 1R -- -- - -- 5.71 4.41 - 7.36 --
Region 2R -- -- - -- 5.97 4.61 - 7.69 --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- -- - -- 5.23 4.02 - 6.77 --
Region 4R -- -- - -- 5.66 4.42 - 7.23 --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- -- - -- 5.47 4.10 - 7.27 --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 4.77 3.60 - 6.30 4.49 3.46 - 5.82 0.660
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- -- - -- 4.75 3.65 - 6.16 --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- -- - -- 4.95 3.75 - 6.50 --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- -- - -- 4.28 3.13 - 5.81 --
Region 10 5.19 3.94 - 6.79 5.48 4.26 - 7.02 0.672
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 4.82 4.06 - 5.72 4.81 4.19 - 5.52 0.986
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- -- - -- 5.18 3.96 - 6.74 --
LA SPA 2 -- -- - -- 4.91 3.83 - 6.29 --
LA SPA 3 -- -- - -- 4.21 3.19 - 5.54 --
LA SPA 4 -- -- - -- 4.91 3.71 - 6.47 --
LA SPA 6 -- -- - -- 5.06 3.82 - 6.67 --
LA SPA 7 -- -- - -- 4.96 3.77 - 6.50 --
LA SPA 8 -- -- - -- 4.76 3.68 - 6.15 --
Region 12R -- -- - -- 5.59 4.25 - 7.33 --
Regions 13 and 19R -- -- - -- 5.17 4.15 - 6.42 --
Region 13 (Riverside) 4.47 3.30 - 6.04 5.17 4.10 - 6.51 0.290
Region 19R (Imperial) -- -- - -- 5.12 3.82 - 6.84 --
Region 14 (Orange) 5.31b 4.20 - 6.69 4.29 3.41 - 5.40 0.089
Region 15R (Fresno) -- -- - -- 5.29 4.05 - 6.88 --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- -- - -- 5.32 4.30 - 6.56 --
Region 17R -- -- - -- 5.13 3.99 - 6.58 --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- -- - -- 4.78 3.77 - 6.04 --
Region 20R -- -- - -- 5.69 4.40 - 7.33 --
Region 21R -- -- - -- 5.62 4.28 - 7.34 --
Colorado 6.08 5.06 - 7.27 5.55 4.70 - 6.56 0.347
Region 1 5.94 4.49 - 7.82 5.93 4.54 - 7.71 0.994
Regions 2 and 7 6.12 4.91 - 7.61 5.69 4.63 - 6.98 0.545
Region 3 5.86 4.34 - 7.88 5.17 3.96 - 6.72 0.364
Region 4 6.86a 4.87 - 9.58 4.89 3.55 - 6.70 0.031
Regions 5 and 6 5.83 4.29 - 7.88 5.24 3.91 - 6.98 0.450
Connecticut 4.13 3.42 - 4.99 4.13 3.39 - 5.02 0.999
Eastern 4.99 3.72 - 6.66 4.13 3.07 - 5.53 0.204
North Central 3.57 2.69 - 4.72 4.01 3.03 - 5.29 0.433
Northwestern 4.78 3.59 - 6.35 4.36 3.20 - 5.91 0.533
South Central 4.02 3.08 - 5.24 4.40 3.35 - 5.77 0.537
Southwest 3.98 2.90 - 5.43 3.78 2.74 - 5.19 0.735
Delaware 5.13 4.35 - 6.05 5.28 4.45 - 6.26 0.767
Kent 5.52 4.19 - 7.24 5.26 4.05 - 6.82 0.728
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 5.22 4.29 - 6.33 5.37 4.38 - 6.58 0.801
Sussex 4.92 3.67 - 6.58 4.99 3.80 - 6.53 0.927
Wilmington City 4.48 3.23 - 6.17 5.56 4.05 - 7.58 0.166
District of Columbia 3.19a 2.49 - 4.08 4.50 3.73 - 5.41 0.004
Ward 1 3.40a 2.30 - 4.99 5.26 3.83 - 7.19 0.019
Ward 2 3.90b 2.70 - 5.60 5.39 4.03 - 7.17 0.077
Ward 3 3.80 2.70 - 5.32 4.54 3.38 - 6.08 0.281
Ward 4 2.59a 1.72 - 3.87 3.79 2.73 - 5.24 0.039
Ward 5 2.71a 1.88 - 3.91 4.25 3.14 - 5.73 0.010
Ward 6 3.40b 2.29 - 5.03 4.75 3.45 - 6.50 0.059
Ward 7 2.43a 1.66 - 3.54 3.68 2.62 - 5.15 0.024
Ward 8 3.04b 2.14 - 4.28 4.13 3.02 - 5.63 0.066
Florida1 4.82a 4.37 - 5.32 3.95 3.50 - 4.45 0.005
Region A - Northwest -- -- - -- 5.01 4.19 - 5.97 --
Circuit 1 6.77a 5.28 - 8.65 4.96 3.90 - 6.30 0.017
Circuit 2 -- -- - -- 5.11 3.92 - 6.64 --
Circuit 14 -- -- - -- 4.96 3.71 - 6.60 --
Region B - Northeast -- -- - -- 4.39 3.68 - 5.23 --
Circuits 3 and 8 -- -- - -- 5.15 3.96 - 6.68 --
Circuit 4 -- -- - -- 4.31 3.34 - 5.53 --
Circuit 7 -- -- - -- 4.01 3.07 - 5.22 --
Region C - Central -- -- - -- 4.06 3.47 - 4.74 --
Circuit 5 4.32 3.35 - 5.55 3.51 2.62 - 4.70 0.148
Circuit 9 -- -- - -- 4.34 3.43 - 5.48 --
Circuit 10 4.57 3.53 - 5.91 4.14 3.16 - 5.41 0.461
Circuit 18 -- -- - -- 4.20 3.24 - 5.43 --
Circuit 19 4.02 3.02 - 5.34 4.02 2.99 - 5.39 0.996
Region D - Southeast -- -- - -- 3.44 2.82 - 4.20 --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 4.59a 3.52 - 5.96 3.40 2.59 - 4.46 0.031
Circuit 17 (Broward) 4.46b 3.54 - 5.61 3.47 2.71 - 4.44 0.054
Region E - Sun Coast -- -- - -- 4.11 3.44 - 4.89 --
Circuit 6 -- -- - -- 4.22 3.19 - 5.55 --
Circuit 12 -- -- - -- 4.18 3.09 - 5.62 --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- -- - -- 3.93 3.07 - 5.01 --
Circuit 20 4.37 3.30 - 5.78 4.12 3.07 - 5.51 0.695
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 3.49 2.72 - 4.46 3.07 2.38 - 3.96 0.393
Georgia 5.14a 4.30 - 6.13 3.99 3.31 - 4.80 0.010
Region 1 -- -- - -- 4.06 3.11 - 5.28 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 4.48 3.37 - 5.93 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 3.59 2.72 - 4.72 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 4.23 3.12 - 5.71 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 4.42 3.22 - 6.03 --
Region 6 -- -- - -- 3.80 2.84 - 5.08 --
Hawaii 3.65 2.93 - 4.54 4.32 3.53 - 5.26 0.191
Hawaii Island 4.25 2.98 - 6.04 4.52 3.34 - 6.09 0.720
Honolulu 3.39b 2.65 - 4.34 4.32 3.45 - 5.41 0.095
Kauai and Maui 4.35 3.14 - 5.99 4.11 3.12 - 5.40 0.709
Kauai -- -- - -- 4.07 2.88 - 5.73 --
Maui -- -- - -- 4.13 3.00 - 5.65 --
Idaho 5.55 4.76 - 6.45 5.70 4.83 - 6.73 0.745
Region 1 5.55 4.20 - 7.30 5.29 3.94 - 7.05 0.716
Region 2 6.41 4.91 - 8.34 5.95 4.43 - 7.94 0.590
Region 3 5.14 3.96 - 6.66 5.24 3.99 - 6.85 0.893
Region 4 6.11 4.84 - 7.69 6.40 5.02 - 8.11 0.719
Region 5 4.90 3.69 - 6.47 4.90 3.66 - 6.53 0.992
Region 6 5.83 4.43 - 7.64 6.36 4.85 - 8.30 0.511
Region 7 4.59 3.47 - 6.06 5.27 3.95 - 7.01 0.328
Illinois 3.91 3.52 - 4.34 3.90 3.49 - 4.35 0.965
Region I (Cook) 3.67 3.11 - 4.32 3.84 3.24 - 4.54 0.658
Region II 4.29 3.65 - 5.04 3.79 3.20 - 4.48 0.219
Region III 4.00 3.30 - 4.85 4.01 3.26 - 4.93 0.983
Region IV 3.91 3.14 - 4.86 3.66 2.84 - 4.70 0.604
Region V 3.72b 3.01 - 4.58 4.56 3.69 - 5.62 0.087
Indiana 5.84 4.98 - 6.84 5.69 4.85 - 6.66 0.768
Central 6.16 4.82 - 7.84 5.54 4.33 - 7.05 0.424
East 6.33 4.81 - 8.27 6.49 4.92 - 8.51 0.853
North Central 5.66 4.37 - 7.31 5.36 4.08 - 7.01 0.678
Northeast 4.70 3.46 - 6.35 5.27 3.96 - 6.98 0.446
Northwest 5.11 3.87 - 6.72 5.77 4.38 - 7.57 0.399
Southeast 6.31 4.72 - 8.40 5.90 4.46 - 7.77 0.637
Southwest 6.06 4.56 - 8.01 5.20 3.89 - 6.92 0.272
West 6.15 4.80 - 7.86 6.26 4.86 - 8.03 0.895
Iowa 3.19 2.57 - 3.96 3.68 3.05 - 4.44 0.196
Central 3.36 2.41 - 4.66 3.75 2.82 - 4.98 0.479
North Central 3.49 2.51 - 4.82 4.07 2.98 - 5.54 0.324
Northeast 3.08 2.29 - 4.14 3.53 2.73 - 4.56 0.358
Northwest 2.91 2.08 - 4.07 3.39 2.49 - 4.60 0.343
Southeast 3.17 2.35 - 4.27 3.94 3.01 - 5.14 0.137
Southwest 3.34 2.38 - 4.69 3.35 2.48 - 4.53 0.984
Kansas 4.17 3.44 - 5.06 4.13 3.43 - 4.96 0.915
Kansas City Metro 4.04 3.09 - 5.26 4.01 3.13 - 5.13 0.967
Northeast 3.98 2.93 - 5.38 3.89 2.85 - 5.28 0.881
South Central 4.32 3.15 - 5.90 4.38 3.23 - 5.91 0.935
Southeast 4.23 3.06 - 5.81 4.35 3.23 - 5.83 0.848
West 3.41 2.42 - 4.80 4.20 3.09 - 5.69 0.201
Wichita (Sedgwick) 5.06 3.76 - 6.79 4.31 3.26 - 5.68 0.284
Kentucky 6.79a 5.85 - 7.88 4.44 3.72 - 5.31 0.000
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 5.85 4.54 - 7.52 4.66 3.58 - 6.06 0.115
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 7.68a 6.12 - 9.59 4.73 3.65 - 6.10 0.000
Communicare and River Valley 6.17a 4.72 - 8.04 4.15 3.07 - 5.60 0.007
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 6.73a 5.07 - 8.87 4.25 3.16 - 5.71 0.001
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 6.83a 5.29 - 8.79 4.25 3.13 - 5.75 0.001
Seven Counties 6.69a 5.33 - 8.35 4.23 3.23 - 5.52 0.001
Louisiana 5.06 4.35 - 5.88 5.03 4.30 - 5.87 0.944
Regions 1 and 10 -- -- - -- 4.73 3.75 - 5.96 --
Region 1 4.42 3.25 - 5.99 4.59 3.44 - 6.09 0.799
Region 10 (Jefferson) 4.89 3.66 - 6.50 4.88 3.64 - 6.51 0.988
Regions 2 and 9 5.26 4.22 - 6.54 5.41 4.27 - 6.84 0.819
Region 3 5.49 4.20 - 7.14 5.08 3.84 - 6.69 0.590
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- -- - -- 5.13 4.04 - 6.49 --
Regions 7 and 8 5.02 3.91 - 6.42 4.63 3.59 - 5.96 0.563
Maine1 4.58 3.85 - 5.44 4.22 3.52 - 5.05 0.400
Aroostook/Downeast -- -- - -- 3.84 2.96 - 4.96 --
Aroostook -- -- - -- 3.75 2.74 - 5.12 --
Downeast -- -- - -- 3.90 2.84 - 5.34 --
Central -- -- - -- 4.26 3.16 - 5.71 --
Cumberland 4.33 3.32 - 5.63 4.07 3.08 - 5.37 0.664
Midcoast 4.25 3.16 - 5.69 3.70 2.67 - 5.11 0.372
Penquis -- -- - -- 4.99 3.82 - 6.48 --
Western -- -- - -- 4.63 3.52 - 6.08 --
York 4.52 3.41 - 5.95 4.00 2.93 - 5.44 0.421
Maryland 3.65 2.99 - 4.45 3.79 3.11 - 4.61 0.704
Anne Arundel 4.03 2.92 - 5.53 4.03 2.91 - 5.56 0.998
Baltimore City 3.95 2.80 - 5.55 4.09 3.01 - 5.52 0.835
Baltimore County -- -- - -- 4.01 2.95 - 5.42 --
Montgomery 3.12 2.23 - 4.34 3.41 2.48 - 4.66 0.584
North Central -- -- - -- 3.78 2.75 - 5.17 --
Northeast -- -- - -- 3.88 2.81 - 5.34 --
Prince George's 2.94 2.12 - 4.06 3.27 2.36 - 4.51 0.490
South -- -- - -- 4.05 2.97 - 5.48 --
West -- -- - -- 4.09 3.02 - 5.52 --
Massachusetts 4.97a 4.17 - 5.91 4.05 3.38 - 4.85 0.035
Boston 5.11 3.76 - 6.91 4.89 3.67 - 6.47 0.776
Central 4.38 3.24 - 5.89 4.27 3.21 - 5.66 0.857
Metrowest 4.93b 3.79 - 6.38 3.75 2.82 - 4.97 0.053
Northeast 4.81a 3.64 - 6.32 3.63 2.73 - 4.80 0.043
Southeast 5.48a 4.22 - 7.08 4.04 3.08 - 5.29 0.028
Western 4.95 3.76 - 6.50 4.23 3.14 - 5.67 0.276
Michigan1 5.33 4.83 - 5.87 5.14 4.67 - 5.65 0.560
Detroit City 3.98 3.03 - 5.22 4.59 3.62 - 5.81 0.326
Genesee 6.31 4.92 - 8.07 5.45 4.31 - 6.87 0.244
Kalamazoo -- -- - -- 4.71 3.73 - 5.95 --
Kent 5.14 4.03 - 6.52 5.32 4.28 - 6.59 0.783
Lakeshore -- -- - -- 5.65 4.55 - 7.01 --
Macomb 5.43 4.31 - 6.83 4.90 3.94 - 6.07 0.415
Mid South -- -- - -- 5.50 4.46 - 6.76 --
Northern 5.85 4.71 - 7.25 5.57 4.47 - 6.93 0.692
Oakland 4.64 3.76 - 5.70 4.94 3.99 - 6.09 0.607
Pathways and Western -- -- - -- 4.75 3.65 - 6.16 --
Riverhaven 5.53 4.22 - 7.21 5.26 4.10 - 6.73 0.702
Saginaw 4.85 3.67 - 6.37 5.33 4.10 - 6.92 0.451
Southeast 5.66 4.61 - 6.94 5.15 4.22 - 6.28 0.427
St. Clair 4.58 3.47 - 6.03 5.33 4.14 - 6.84 0.259
Washtenaw 6.00a 4.75 - 7.54 4.65 3.62 - 5.94 0.044
Minnesota 3.92 3.23 - 4.75 4.12 3.43 - 4.94 0.615
Regions 1 and 2 4.13 3.02 - 5.63 4.27 3.15 - 5.78 0.823
Regions 3 and 4 4.12 3.13 - 5.41 4.07 3.08 - 5.35 0.916
Regions 5 and 6 3.68 2.76 - 4.89 4.33 3.30 - 5.68 0.227
Region 7A (Hennepin) 4.37 3.19 - 5.95 4.12 3.11 - 5.44 0.707
Region 7B (Ramsey) 3.63 2.57 - 5.11 4.43 3.26 - 5.99 0.203
Region 7C 3.53 2.61 - 4.77 3.77 2.87 - 4.94 0.654
Mississippi 4.06b 3.40 - 4.85 4.78 4.05 - 5.63 0.073
Region 1 4.29b 3.32 - 5.52 5.36 4.19 - 6.85 0.078
Region 2 3.35b 2.48 - 4.50 4.25 3.15 - 5.73 0.087
Region 3 3.98 2.97 - 5.31 4.76 3.64 - 6.20 0.191
Region 4 3.73 2.82 - 4.93 4.24 3.25 - 5.52 0.377
Region 5 3.58 2.60 - 4.90 4.41 3.25 - 5.97 0.146
Region 6 4.51 3.38 - 6.00 4.91 3.71 - 6.47 0.545
Region 7 4.77 3.54 - 6.40 5.07 3.86 - 6.62 0.660
Missouri 4.92 4.17 - 5.78 4.92 4.19 - 5.76 0.998
Central 5.48 4.23 - 7.07 4.90 3.72 - 6.43 0.407
Eastern 4.78 3.83 - 5.95 4.73 3.84 - 5.83 0.928
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 4.56 3.45 - 5.99 4.72 3.62 - 6.12 0.807
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 5.24 3.98 - 6.87 4.76 3.62 - 6.25 0.485
Northwest 5.03 4.00 - 6.31 4.93 3.95 - 6.13 0.853
Northwest (Jackson) 5.47 4.13 - 7.21 4.53 3.40 - 5.99 0.205
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 4.64 3.42 - 6.26 5.26 4.02 - 6.86 0.355
Southeast 4.65 3.49 - 6.16 4.97 3.76 - 6.55 0.621
Southwest 4.75 3.66 - 6.16 5.29 4.09 - 6.81 0.427
Montana 4.44 3.73 - 5.26 4.60 3.87 - 5.46 0.707
Region 1 4.08 2.97 - 5.59 4.36 3.22 - 5.86 0.665
Region 2 4.28 3.20 - 5.70 4.38 3.25 - 5.89 0.873
Region 3 4.28 3.24 - 5.63 4.15 3.19 - 5.37 0.828
Region 4 4.26 3.34 - 5.41 5.25 4.09 - 6.73 0.126
Region 5 4.87 3.81 - 6.21 4.52 3.53 - 5.76 0.586
Nebraska 3.47 2.85 - 4.22 3.86 3.18 - 4.69 0.314
Regions 1 and 2 3.31 2.35 - 4.63 3.75 2.84 - 4.94 0.390
Region 1 -- -- - -- 4.03 2.85 - 5.67 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 3.51 2.52 - 4.85 --
Region 3 3.75 2.73 - 5.13 3.66 2.70 - 4.94 0.878
Region 4 3.15 2.29 - 4.33 3.33 2.39 - 4.64 0.723
Region 5 3.64 2.80 - 4.71 4.33 3.32 - 5.63 0.208
Region 6 3.41 2.63 - 4.42 3.82 2.95 - 4.92 0.429
Nevada1 5.76 4.72 - 7.02 5.92 4.87 - 7.17 0.819
Clark - Region 1 5.95 4.75 - 7.43 5.92 4.73 - 7.39 0.971
Region 3 4.86 3.56 - 6.61 5.31 4.03 - 6.97 0.530
Capital District -- -- - -- 5.14 3.68 - 7.14 --
Rural/Frontier -- -- - -- 5.47 3.95 - 7.52 --
Washoe - Region 2 5.74 4.25 - 7.71 6.37 4.88 - 8.28 0.481
New Hampshire 5.13 4.37 - 6.02 4.41 3.72 - 5.23 0.103
Central 5.47b 4.40 - 6.77 4.37 3.49 - 5.47 0.051
Central 1 5.19 4.01 - 6.69 4.72 3.62 - 6.14 0.473
Central 2 5.73a 4.33 - 7.55 4.03 2.98 - 5.44 0.020
Northern 5.35 4.10 - 6.95 4.30 3.21 - 5.73 0.113
Southern 4.93 4.07 - 5.95 4.46 3.66 - 5.41 0.352
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 4.71 3.60 - 6.13 3.94 3.03 - 5.12 0.192
Southern 2 5.06 4.05 - 6.30 4.77 3.79 - 6.01 0.650
New Jersey 3.57a 2.92 - 4.36 4.37 3.63 - 5.25 0.049
Central 3.75 2.80 - 5.00 4.13 3.12 - 5.45 0.485
Metropolitan 3.36 2.48 - 4.53 4.06 3.06 - 5.35 0.192
Northern 3.39a 2.58 - 4.45 4.55 3.48 - 5.93 0.041
Southern 3.91 2.95 - 5.17 4.70 3.60 - 6.13 0.171
New Mexico 5.45 4.52 - 6.56 5.60 4.70 - 6.66 0.792
Region 1 4.86 3.64 - 6.45 5.23 4.05 - 6.74 0.601
Region 2 5.49 3.98 - 7.54 4.88 3.58 - 6.62 0.448
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 5.51 4.22 - 7.16 6.50 5.14 - 8.19 0.239
Region 4 5.50 4.11 - 7.34 5.05 3.81 - 6.66 0.548
Region 5 5.87 4.48 - 7.65 5.39 4.09 - 7.07 0.568
New York 3.95 3.53 - 4.43 4.17 3.72 - 4.68 0.433
Region A 3.51 2.98 - 4.14 4.02 3.45 - 4.68 0.147
Region 1 3.45 2.54 - 4.68 4.10 3.14 - 5.34 0.242
Region 2 3.37 2.67 - 4.25 3.77 2.98 - 4.74 0.395
Region 3 4.93 3.80 - 6.39 4.72 3.61 - 6.14 0.755
Region 4 2.72a 2.05 - 3.61 3.78 2.92 - 4.87 0.025
Region B -- -- - -- 3.90 3.31 - 4.58 --
Region 5 4.39 3.54 - 5.44 3.76 3.01 - 4.70 0.217
Region 6 3.39 2.61 - 4.40 3.58 2.70 - 4.74 0.690
Region 7 4.03 3.11 - 5.20 4.83 3.81 - 6.11 0.140
Region C -- -- - -- 4.61 3.99 - 5.31 --
Region 8 4.03 3.19 - 5.07 4.49 3.54 - 5.68 0.368
Region 9 4.70 3.74 - 5.90 4.77 3.76 - 6.03 0.915
Region 10 4.60 3.64 - 5.79 4.91 3.77 - 6.37 0.610
Region 11 4.01 3.13 - 5.12 4.36 3.42 - 5.54 0.525
Region 12 4.64 3.70 - 5.81 4.70 3.64 - 6.03 0.927
Region D 4.67 3.94 - 5.52 4.58 3.85 - 5.44 0.834
Region 13 4.63 3.50 - 6.12 4.25 3.27 - 5.51 0.515
Region 14 4.12 3.17 - 5.34 4.90 3.73 - 6.41 0.180
Region 15 5.22 4.01 - 6.76 4.55 3.52 - 5.87 0.309
North Carolina 4.78 3.99 - 5.72 4.30 3.60 - 5.13 0.280
Alliance -- -- - -- 3.84 2.91 - 5.06 --
Cardinal Innovations -- -- - -- 4.24 3.20 - 5.59 --
CenterPoint/Guilford -- -- - -- 4.38 3.40 - 5.63 --
CenterPoint -- -- - -- 4.45 3.24 - 6.10 --
Guilford -- -- - -- 4.30 3.14 - 5.85 --
CoastalCare -- -- - -- 4.90 3.60 - 6.62 --
Eastpointe -- -- - -- 4.23 3.08 - 5.76 --
ECBH -- -- - -- 4.27 3.12 - 5.81 --
MeckLINK -- -- - -- 4.13 3.03 - 5.61 --
Partners -- -- - -- 4.82 3.54 - 6.53 --
Sandhills -- -- - -- 4.43 3.24 - 6.03 --
Smoky Mountain -- -- - -- 4.32 3.16 - 5.88 --
Western Highlands -- -- - -- 4.41 3.23 - 6.01 --
North Dakota 3.73 3.03 - 4.59 3.60 2.97 - 4.37 0.758
Badlands and West Central 3.43 2.50 - 4.70 3.25 2.44 - 4.32 0.732
Lake Region and South Central 3.43 2.48 - 4.74 3.19 2.29 - 4.41 0.644
North Central and Northwest 4.06 2.97 - 5.52 3.66 2.73 - 4.88 0.520
Northeast 4.39 3.25 - 5.91 4.12 3.09 - 5.46 0.686
Southeast 3.64 2.71 - 4.88 3.88 2.98 - 5.05 0.676
Ohio 4.73b 4.29 - 5.21 5.22 4.74 - 5.73 0.100
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 4.65 3.67 - 5.87 5.22 4.06 - 6.69 0.340
Boards 3, 52, and 85 4.22 3.27 - 5.44 4.91 3.79 - 6.33 0.223
Boards 4 and 78 4.96 3.84 - 6.38 5.40 4.12 - 7.05 0.494
Boards 5 and 60 5.07b 3.93 - 6.52 6.32 5.01 - 7.95 0.064
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 4.47 3.47 - 5.73 4.69 3.66 - 5.98 0.706
Boards 8, 13, and 83 5.26 4.12 - 6.68 4.84 3.80 - 6.15 0.497
Board 9 (Butler) 5.68 4.40 - 7.30 5.33 4.13 - 6.85 0.609
Board 12 5.07 3.92 - 6.55 5.47 4.25 - 7.01 0.556
Boards 18 and 47 4.13b 3.33 - 5.11 5.05 4.19 - 6.08 0.079
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 4.27 3.27 - 5.54 4.23 3.19 - 5.58 0.948
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 4.51 3.52 - 5.76 4.99 3.92 - 6.34 0.408
Boards 22, 74, and 87 4.16b 3.19 - 5.42 5.13 4.01 - 6.53 0.092
Boards 23 and 45 5.06 3.98 - 6.41 5.04 3.89 - 6.52 0.978
Board 25 (Franklin) 5.49 4.50 - 6.69 6.12 5.00 - 7.47 0.350
Boards 27, 71, and 73 5.13 4.07 - 6.45 5.05 3.94 - 6.46 0.892
Boards 28, 43, and 67 4.69 3.71 - 5.90 5.11 4.05 - 6.41 0.477
Board 31 (Hamilton) 4.52 3.57 - 5.72 4.74 3.73 - 6.01 0.719
Board 48 (Lucas) 4.62b 3.59 - 5.93 5.77 4.52 - 7.34 0.082
Boards 50 and 76 4.96 3.86 - 6.34 4.93 3.89 - 6.23 0.963
Board 57 (Montgomery) 5.24 4.09 - 6.69 5.37 4.22 - 6.80 0.853
Board 77 (Summit) 4.12a 3.24 - 5.23 5.44 4.32 - 6.84 0.026
Oklahoma 5.49 4.65 - 6.48 5.15 4.37 - 6.07 0.478
Central 6.25 4.80 - 8.10 5.46 4.11 - 7.21 0.325
East Central 5.06 3.74 - 6.80 5.02 3.73 - 6.74 0.962
Northeast 5.39 4.08 - 7.08 4.91 3.76 - 6.40 0.508
Northwest and Southwest 4.97 3.70 - 6.64 5.61 4.22 - 7.43 0.370
Oklahoma County 5.58 4.24 - 7.32 5.21 4.03 - 6.72 0.603
Southeast 5.74 4.35 - 7.54 4.71 3.57 - 6.19 0.156
Tulsa County 5.54 4.23 - 7.22 5.10 3.85 - 6.74 0.551
Oregon 5.60 4.75 - 6.58 6.14 5.21 - 7.23 0.310
Region 1 (Multnomah) 6.39 4.96 - 8.19 7.11 5.47 - 9.18 0.420
Region 2 5.51 4.32 - 7.01 5.86 4.50 - 7.60 0.658
Region 3 5.02 3.89 - 6.46 6.19 4.97 - 7.69 0.107
Region 4 6.36 4.90 - 8.23 5.52 4.18 - 7.26 0.309
Region 5 (Central) -- -- - -- 5.80 4.24 - 7.87 --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- -- - -- 5.70 4.13 - 7.81 --
Pennsylvania1 3.96 3.57 - 4.40 4.05 3.63 - 4.53 0.747
Region 1 (Allegheny) 4.14 3.33 - 5.14 4.79 3.80 - 6.02 0.243
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- -- - -- 3.79 2.94 - 4.87 --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 3.65 2.84 - 4.67 3.69 2.89 - 4.71 0.924
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 3.93 3.13 - 4.93 3.94 3.05 - 5.06 0.995
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- -- - -- 3.63 2.82 - 4.68 --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 3.67 3.02 - 4.45 3.77 3.08 - 4.61 0.828
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- -- - -- 3.76 2.92 - 4.85 --
Regions 17 and 21 4.79 3.70 - 6.19 4.31 3.33 - 5.56 0.402
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 3.23 2.55 - 4.08 3.65 2.89 - 4.61 0.342
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 4.09 3.21 - 5.20 4.16 3.27 - 5.27 0.904
Regions 29 and 34 3.65 2.82 - 4.71 3.96 3.05 - 5.13 0.526
Regions 30 and 50 -- -- - -- 3.88 3.02 - 4.97 --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 4.47 3.59 - 5.55 4.99 3.97 - 6.24 0.384
Rhode Island 5.97b 5.05 - 7.05 5.00 4.17 - 5.98 0.073
Bristol and Newport 6.20a 4.63 - 8.26 4.65 3.44 - 6.27 0.048
Kent 6.27 4.82 - 8.12 5.33 4.01 - 7.06 0.240
Providence 5.76 4.68 - 7.07 4.84 3.89 - 6.01 0.160
Washington 6.39 4.88 - 8.33 5.68 4.28 - 7.50 0.392
South Carolina 4.95 4.15 - 5.90 4.91 4.13 - 5.83 0.936
Region 1 5.36 4.18 - 6.84 4.59 3.54 - 5.95 0.252
Region 2 4.71 3.73 - 5.94 4.87 3.81 - 6.21 0.798
Region 3 4.56 3.35 - 6.19 4.92 3.72 - 6.48 0.610
Region 4 5.07 3.84 - 6.66 5.27 4.05 - 6.82 0.784
South Dakota 3.25 2.63 - 4.01 3.48 2.87 - 4.23 0.539
Region 1 -- -- - -- 3.50 2.61 - 4.68 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 3.39 2.42 - 4.75 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 3.26 2.44 - 4.35 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 3.44 2.52 - 4.69 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 3.71 2.83 - 4.85 --
Tennessee 4.67 3.93 - 5.55 4.93 4.16 - 5.84 0.566
Region 1 5.79 4.25 - 7.84 4.71 3.51 - 6.29 0.154
Region 2 5.75b 4.34 - 7.59 4.58 3.45 - 6.05 0.092
Region 3 -- -- - -- 4.77 3.61 - 6.26 --
Region 4 (Davidson) 4.97 3.72 - 6.61 5.15 3.85 - 6.85 0.818
Region 5 -- -- - -- 5.53 4.33 - 7.04 --
Region 6 4.40 3.25 - 5.94 4.64 3.44 - 6.24 0.710
Region 7 (Shelby) 3.50a 2.57 - 4.75 4.73 3.55 - 6.28 0.036
Texas 4.74 4.31 - 5.21 4.45 4.01 - 4.93 0.301
Region 1 5.14 4.06 - 6.49 4.90 3.81 - 6.26 0.688
Region 2 5.27 4.10 - 6.76 4.47 3.39 - 5.87 0.176
Region 3 4.78 4.14 - 5.51 4.59 3.93 - 5.35 0.637
Region 3a 4.68 3.93 - 5.56 4.63 3.79 - 5.65 0.931
Region 3bc 4.96 3.99 - 6.16 4.51 3.66 - 5.55 0.424
Region 4 5.17 4.07 - 6.55 4.21 3.23 - 5.48 0.118
Region 5 5.13 3.99 - 6.57 4.37 3.35 - 5.68 0.212
Region 6 4.18 3.53 - 4.94 4.02 3.36 - 4.81 0.701
Region 6a 4.08 3.39 - 4.90 3.98 3.26 - 4.84 0.817
Region 6bc 5.01 3.87 - 6.46 4.41 3.37 - 5.77 0.320
Region 7 5.78 4.89 - 6.82 5.09 4.27 - 6.06 0.179
Region 7a 5.99 4.81 - 7.44 5.23 4.16 - 6.54 0.267
Region 7bcd 5.46 4.38 - 6.80 4.85 3.81 - 6.17 0.313
Region 8 4.48 3.54 - 5.65 4.53 3.65 - 5.61 0.925
Region 9 4.98 3.81 - 6.50 4.53 3.43 - 5.97 0.466
Region 10 4.57 3.41 - 6.10 4.45 3.46 - 5.70 0.850
Region 11 4.32 3.50 - 5.32 4.16 3.39 - 5.10 0.746
Region 11abd 4.40 3.39 - 5.69 4.31 3.37 - 5.50 0.881
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 4.15 3.12 - 5.51 3.90 2.93 - 5.17 0.658
Utah 5.88a 5.03 - 6.87 4.11 3.42 - 4.92 0.000
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 6.06a 4.58 - 7.97 3.93 2.96 - 5.20 0.003
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 4.82 3.54 - 6.55 3.88 2.82 - 5.31 0.164
Davis County 5.32b 3.99 - 7.05 4.05 3.00 - 5.46 0.076
Salt Lake County 6.33a 5.11 - 7.81 4.12 3.22 - 5.25 0.002
Utah County 5.74b 4.44 - 7.39 4.36 3.29 - 5.77 0.075
Weber, Morgan 5.98a 4.46 - 7.98 4.13 3.02 - 5.62 0.012
Vermont 5.25 4.44 - 6.20 4.73 4.00 - 5.58 0.248
Champlain Valley 5.63 4.60 - 6.89 5.21 4.20 - 6.44 0.493
Rural Northeast 4.87 3.75 - 6.31 4.69 3.61 - 6.07 0.777
Rural Southeast 4.25 3.12 - 5.76 4.31 3.29 - 5.63 0.916
Rural Southwest 6.19a 4.66 - 8.17 4.11 3.11 - 5.43 0.004
Virginia 4.30 3.59 - 5.14 4.58 3.85 - 5.44 0.500
Region 1 -- -- - -- 5.03 3.89 - 6.49 --
Region 2 4.12 3.07 - 5.50 3.80 2.87 - 5.01 0.588
Region 3 5.16 3.96 - 6.69 4.67 3.58 - 6.07 0.441
Region 4 -- -- - -- 5.24 3.93 - 6.96 --
Region 5 4.03 3.05 - 5.31 4.64 3.56 - 6.04 0.290
Washington1 6.00 5.07 - 7.08 5.55 4.70 - 6.54 0.411
Region 1 -- -- - -- 5.32 4.22 - 6.70 --
East 1 (previously Region 1) 6.07 4.63 - 7.93 5.50 4.13 - 7.30 0.493
East 2 (previously Region 2) 5.47 3.99 - 7.46 5.08 3.80 - 6.77 0.620
Region 2 -- -- - -- 5.34 4.37 - 6.52 --
North 1 (previously Region 3) 6.12 4.71 - 7.90 5.62 4.29 - 7.33 0.539
North 2 (previously Region 4) 6.06 4.70 - 7.79 5.18 4.03 - 6.65 0.280
Region 3 -- -- - -- 5.98 4.83 - 7.38 --
West 1 (previously Region 5) 6.17 4.68 - 8.10 6.00 4.65 - 7.72 0.831
West 2 (previously Region 6) 5.82 4.47 - 7.56 5.97 4.55 - 7.80 0.862
West Virginia1 5.65a 4.83 - 6.61 4.56 3.87 - 5.37 0.015
Region I 5.44 4.12 - 7.15 4.74 3.51 - 6.39 0.314
Region II -- -- - -- 4.50 3.41 - 5.90 --
Region III 5.05 3.70 - 6.85 4.09 3.03 - 5.51 0.157
Region IV -- -- - -- 5.39 4.29 - 6.75 --
Region V -- -- - -- 4.33 3.40 - 5.50 --
Region VI -- -- - -- 4.13 3.07 - 5.54 --
Wisconsin 4.74 3.97 - 5.63 4.74 3.94 - 5.68 0.999
Milwaukee 4.97 3.68 - 6.67 5.66 4.21 - 7.56 0.392
Northeastern 4.81 3.70 - 6.23 4.16 3.13 - 5.51 0.300
Northern 4.24 3.10 - 5.78 4.43 3.25 - 6.02 0.760
Southeastern 4.80 3.62 - 6.33 5.13 3.85 - 6.80 0.642
Southern -- -- - -- 4.37 3.27 - 5.81 --
Western -- -- - -- 4.67 3.53 - 6.16 --
Wyoming 4.99 4.22 - 5.90 4.36 3.66 - 5.18 0.138
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 4.77 3.54 - 6.38 4.17 3.20 - 5.43 0.343
Judicial District 2 5.65 4.34 - 7.32 5.50 4.16 - 7.24 0.855
Judicial District 3 4.93 3.73 - 6.49 4.05 3.07 - 5.32 0.148
Judicial District 4 4.94b 3.65 - 6.66 3.77 2.75 - 5.16 0.066
Judicial District 5 4.25 3.19 - 5.66 3.94 2.85 - 5.41 0.594
Judicial District 6 4.84 3.64 - 6.40 4.23 3.16 - 5.65 0.336
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 5.39 4.07 - 7.10 4.85 3.64 - 6.43 0.448
Judicial District 8 4.62 3.37 - 6.30 4.23 3.09 - 5.76 0.568
Judicial District 9 5.39 3.96 - 7.29 4.35 3.19 - 5.91 0.143
140430
Table 8 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the methodology write-up for comparing estimates located below the tables.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 50.38a 49.92 - 50.84 51.78 51.32 - 52.24 0.000
Northeast 55.21a 54.26 - 56.16 57.31 56.47 - 58.14 0.001
Midwest 53.23a 52.50 - 53.96 54.51 53.84 - 55.17 0.009
South 45.61a 44.87 - 46.35 48.00 47.36 - 48.63 0.000
West 51.00 50.00 - 51.99 50.94 50.07 - 51.81 0.926
Alabama 37.88a 35.20 - 40.65 42.76 40.16 - 45.40 0.005
Region 1 35.60 31.16 - 40.29 38.98 34.67 - 43.47 0.215
Region 2 40.26a 36.14 - 44.51 48.04 43.83 - 52.27 0.002
Region 3 36.93 32.18 - 41.95 38.87 34.44 - 43.49 0.465
Region 4 38.11b 34.02 - 42.38 43.01 38.57 - 47.58 0.060
Alaska 49.77 46.97 - 52.57 52.68 49.90 - 55.45 0.116
Anchorage -- -- - -- 57.75 54.13 - 61.29 --
Northern -- -- - -- 44.73 39.93 - 49.63 --
South Central -- -- - -- 51.67 46.52 - 56.78 --
Southeast 52.56 46.51 - 58.54 52.25 46.63 - 57.81 0.922
Arizona 50.79 47.95 - 53.63 49.92 47.07 - 52.76 0.633
Maricopa 51.90 48.48 - 55.29 52.39 48.90 - 55.86 0.825
Pima 53.22 47.72 - 58.64 52.31 46.85 - 57.73 0.759
Rural North 49.13 43.34 - 54.95 45.11 39.59 - 50.75 0.198
Rural South 43.56 37.01 - 50.33 40.37 34.48 - 46.55 0.314
Arkansas1 38.39 35.77 - 41.08 39.61 36.94 - 42.35 0.478
Catchment Area 1 -- -- - -- 44.11 38.96 - 49.38 --
Catchment Area 2 35.13 29.50 - 41.20 36.89 31.30 - 42.86 0.569
Catchment Area 3 32.50 27.72 - 37.67 34.85 29.82 - 40.23 0.396
Catchment Area 4 -- -- - -- 38.06 32.44 - 44.01 --
Catchment Area 5 -- -- - -- 41.53 36.20 - 47.07 --
Catchment Area 6 -- -- - -- 34.35 28.76 - 40.41 --
Catchment Area 7 -- -- - -- 35.53 29.88 - 41.61 --
Catchment Area 8 45.55 40.61 - 50.58 43.82 39.14 - 48.61 0.558
California 50.50 48.97 - 52.02 49.67 48.29 - 51.06 0.413
Region 1R -- -- - -- 57.28 51.69 - 62.68 --
Region 2R -- -- - -- 57.11 51.68 - 62.37 --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- -- - -- 46.80 41.86 - 51.80 --
Region 4R -- -- - -- 57.09 52.13 - 61.91 --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- -- - -- 61.06 55.37 - 66.46 --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 49.24 44.45 - 54.04 50.59 45.49 - 55.68 0.632
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- -- - -- 55.81 50.51 - 60.97 --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- -- - -- 53.88 49.04 - 58.64 --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- -- - -- 54.99 48.77 - 61.06 --
Region 10 56.15 50.85 - 61.31 53.88 48.80 - 58.88 0.414
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 44.85 42.32 - 47.41 46.60 44.45 - 48.77 0.274
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- -- - -- 53.32 47.63 - 58.92 --
LA SPA 2 -- -- - -- 49.20 44.49 - 53.91 --
LA SPA 3 -- -- - -- 39.78 35.17 - 44.58 --
LA SPA 4 -- -- - -- 49.32 44.05 - 54.60 --
LA SPA 6 -- -- - -- 40.61 35.50 - 45.93 --
LA SPA 7 -- -- - -- 44.26 39.27 - 49.37 --
LA SPA 8 -- -- - -- 49.79 45.02 - 54.58 --
Region 12R -- -- - -- 50.14 44.32 - 55.95 --
Regions 13 and 19R -- -- - -- 47.77 43.83 - 51.74 --
Region 13 (Riverside) 45.51 40.61 - 50.50 48.48 44.28 - 52.71 0.253
Region 19R (Imperial) -- -- - -- 38.73 32.87 - 44.93 --
Region 14 (Orange) 52.83b 48.66 - 56.97 48.80 45.06 - 52.55 0.085
Region 15R (Fresno) -- -- - -- 44.20 38.88 - 49.67 --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- -- - -- 51.45 47.75 - 55.13 --
Region 17R -- -- - -- 45.03 40.51 - 49.64 --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- -- - -- 44.28 40.17 - 48.47 --
Region 20R -- -- - -- 46.66 41.22 - 52.19 --
Region 21R -- -- - -- 51.59 46.39 - 56.76 --
Colorado 59.03 56.27 - 61.74 59.80 57.21 - 62.35 0.654
Region 1 59.23 54.14 - 64.12 59.59 54.43 - 64.55 0.895
Regions 2 and 7 59.11 55.64 - 62.50 61.59 58.26 - 64.82 0.240
Region 3 61.80 56.34 - 66.98 59.50 54.64 - 64.18 0.414
Region 4 49.19 42.41 - 56.00 46.57 40.08 - 53.17 0.428
Regions 5 and 6 60.14 54.13 - 65.85 57.95 51.89 - 63.78 0.486
Connecticut 59.65 56.79 - 62.44 60.95 58.26 - 63.58 0.476
Eastern 59.72 53.87 - 65.31 59.23 54.17 - 64.10 0.872
North Central 58.71 54.30 - 62.99 58.67 54.11 - 63.08 0.987
Northwestern 63.27 58.25 - 68.02 61.08 55.85 - 66.06 0.439
South Central 58.18b 53.18 - 63.02 63.66 58.91 - 68.15 0.056
Southwest 59.54 53.95 - 64.89 61.97 57.05 - 66.66 0.403
Delaware 51.97 49.32 - 54.60 53.70 51.00 - 56.39 0.334
Kent 45.60a 40.36 - 50.94 52.26 47.17 - 57.31 0.028
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 57.72 54.38 - 61.00 54.94 51.37 - 58.47 0.220
Sussex 44.66a 39.25 - 50.20 53.95 49.09 - 58.73 0.003
Wilmington City 46.32 40.28 - 52.47 48.36 42.44 - 54.32 0.510
District of Columbia 56.40a 53.48 - 59.29 64.08 61.51 - 66.56 0.000
Ward 1 56.75a 50.88 - 62.43 71.49 66.28 - 76.18 0.000
Ward 2 67.89a 62.64 - 72.73 80.21 75.87 - 83.94 0.000
Ward 3 74.68 69.56 - 79.19 76.48 71.87 - 80.55 0.473
Ward 4 53.19b 47.07 - 59.22 59.38 53.55 - 64.95 0.058
Ward 5 45.39a 39.13 - 51.80 55.83 50.53 - 60.99 0.001
Ward 6 58.92a 52.72 - 64.85 69.73 64.34 - 74.63 0.000
Ward 7 44.09 38.19 - 50.16 47.21 41.60 - 52.90 0.328
Ward 8 42.60 37.41 - 47.96 46.57 41.50 - 51.71 0.162
Florida1 51.46 49.99 - 52.93 51.22 49.79 - 52.64 0.809
Region A - Northwest -- -- - -- 52.26 49.15 - 55.36 --
Circuit 1 51.97 46.87 - 57.03 50.78 46.33 - 55.23 0.658
Circuit 2 -- -- - -- 59.37 54.36 - 64.19 --
Circuit 14 -- -- - -- 46.30 40.24 - 52.47 --
Region B - Northeast -- -- - -- 50.15 47.29 - 53.02 --
Circuits 3 and 8 -- -- - -- 49.78 44.94 - 54.61 --
Circuit 4 -- -- - -- 47.70 43.10 - 52.34 --
Circuit 7 -- -- - -- 53.51 48.63 - 58.32 --
Region C - Central -- -- - -- 51.43 49.10 - 53.76 --
Circuit 5 48.51 43.20 - 53.84 49.18 43.80 - 54.58 0.826
Circuit 9 -- -- - -- 53.01 49.19 - 56.78 --
Circuit 10 45.50 40.45 - 50.64 42.20 37.50 - 47.05 0.239
Circuit 18 -- -- - -- 55.35 50.68 - 59.94 --
Circuit 19 52.28 46.78 - 57.71 56.41 50.85 - 61.81 0.178
Region D - Southeast -- -- - -- 50.26 47.17 - 53.35 --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 53.62 49.26 - 57.93 51.26 46.76 - 55.74 0.363
Circuit 17 (Broward) 53.71b 49.75 - 57.62 49.49 45.61 - 53.37 0.083
Region E - Sun Coast -- -- - -- 56.01 53.60 - 58.39 --
Circuit 6 -- -- - -- 56.64 51.97 - 61.19 --
Circuit 12 -- -- - -- 59.84 54.71 - 64.76 --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- -- - -- 51.20 47.16 - 55.22 --
Circuit 20 58.73 53.90 - 63.40 57.77 53.08 - 62.32 0.732
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 45.68 42.41 - 48.99 43.97 40.81 - 47.17 0.405
Georgia 45.54 42.94 - 48.16 46.50 43.94 - 49.08 0.559
Region 1 -- -- - -- 47.94 43.45 - 52.46 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 44.51 39.60 - 49.53 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 50.63 46.50 - 54.76 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 39.19 33.57 - 45.11 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 41.89 35.72 - 48.31 --
Region 6 -- -- - -- 43.96 38.72 - 49.34 --
Hawaii 47.83 44.93 - 50.75 49.04 46.23 - 51.85 0.531
Hawaii Island 48.76b 42.93 - 54.63 54.60 48.97 - 60.10 0.069
Honolulu 47.30 43.95 - 50.68 47.23 43.96 - 50.51 0.973
Kauai and Maui 49.53 43.93 - 55.13 52.19 47.09 - 57.24 0.402
Kauai -- -- - -- 51.99 44.84 - 59.05 --
Maui -- -- - -- 52.28 46.19 - 58.30 --
Idaho 46.58 43.98 - 49.20 49.19 46.52 - 51.88 0.133
Region 1 54.00 48.39 - 59.50 56.03 49.99 - 61.90 0.537
Region 2 49.45b 43.43 - 55.50 55.10 48.99 - 61.06 0.079
Region 3 41.43 36.64 - 46.38 43.05 37.78 - 48.48 0.584
Region 4 55.78 51.40 - 60.07 56.37 51.93 - 60.71 0.825
Region 5 40.51a 35.36 - 45.88 47.36 42.18 - 52.59 0.025
Region 6 37.43a 32.13 - 43.05 44.76 39.05 - 50.61 0.016
Region 7 36.31 30.87 - 42.12 35.27 29.99 - 40.93 0.742
Illinois 52.43a 50.98 - 53.87 54.89 53.51 - 56.26 0.013
Region I (Cook) 53.34b 51.20 - 55.47 55.90 53.73 - 58.05 0.082
Region II 55.81 53.25 - 58.35 57.10 54.86 - 59.32 0.427
Region III 47.17a 43.75 - 50.61 53.27 49.94 - 56.57 0.004
Region IV 48.55 44.45 - 52.66 49.34 45.28 - 53.42 0.748
Region V 47.29 43.51 - 51.09 49.30 45.47 - 53.13 0.401
Indiana 48.11b 45.45 - 50.78 51.19 48.44 - 53.93 0.070
Central 51.44 46.78 - 56.07 51.94 47.18 - 56.66 0.854
East 44.20 38.17 - 50.41 45.63 40.09 - 51.29 0.650
North Central 47.33 42.04 - 52.67 51.03 45.77 - 56.27 0.194
Northeast 44.69a 39.00 - 50.53 51.24 45.37 - 57.08 0.045
Northwest 50.31 44.52 - 56.09 52.62 47.26 - 57.92 0.466
Southeast 41.01b 35.55 - 46.70 46.71 40.89 - 52.63 0.073
Southwest 49.36 42.97 - 55.77 49.62 43.34 - 55.92 0.935
West 51.72a 46.34 - 57.06 57.80 52.25 - 63.16 0.028
Iowa 55.01 52.29 - 57.70 55.67 53.03 - 58.28 0.705
Central 56.08 50.46 - 61.55 59.62 54.80 - 64.25 0.219
North Central 54.37 48.87 - 59.75 53.65 47.96 - 59.25 0.806
Northeast 56.49 52.12 - 60.76 60.33 55.86 - 64.64 0.156
Northwest 53.96 48.27 - 59.56 50.85 45.52 - 56.16 0.304
Southeast 54.67 49.83 - 59.42 53.01 48.17 - 57.79 0.564
Southwest 52.70 46.79 - 58.53 52.64 46.78 - 58.44 0.986
Kansas 49.31 46.55 - 52.08 51.43 48.73 - 54.12 0.226
Kansas City Metro 53.86 49.50 - 58.15 54.69 50.70 - 58.63 0.748
Northeast 48.38 43.27 - 53.53 52.29 46.92 - 57.61 0.188
South Central 45.80 40.29 - 51.41 45.83 40.06 - 51.72 0.991
Southeast 46.34 39.75 - 53.07 44.10 37.63 - 50.78 0.531
West 42.51 36.72 - 48.51 46.12 40.47 - 51.86 0.227
Wichita (Sedgwick) 50.87 45.86 - 55.86 54.47 49.49 - 59.36 0.200
Kentucky 40.68 37.89 - 43.52 43.44 40.81 - 46.10 0.120
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 32.01 27.52 - 36.85 32.72 28.17 - 37.61 0.802
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 46.38b 41.96 - 50.86 51.11 46.72 - 55.48 0.081
Communicare and River Valley 37.55b 32.14 - 43.29 43.01 37.13 - 49.10 0.074
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 38.78 32.82 - 45.10 38.42 32.92 - 44.24 0.909
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 30.06 25.20 - 35.41 33.06 27.55 - 39.09 0.281
Seven Counties 48.55 43.84 - 53.29 49.14 44.34 - 53.96 0.839
Louisiana 47.01 44.38 - 49.66 47.70 45.21 - 50.21 0.672
Regions 1 and 10 -- -- - -- 50.33 45.91 - 54.75 --
Region 1 47.93 42.02 - 53.90 48.46 42.74 - 54.23 0.864
Region 10 (Jefferson) 53.28 47.54 - 58.94 52.19 46.35 - 57.97 0.722
Regions 2 and 9 51.07 46.76 - 55.35 50.99 46.69 - 55.27 0.975
Region 3 46.42 40.52 - 52.42 46.78 41.22 - 52.42 0.903
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- -- - -- 45.59 41.46 - 49.79 --
Regions 7 and 8 40.66 36.11 - 45.37 43.95 39.63 - 48.36 0.214
Maine1 51.01 48.13 - 53.88 54.06 51.14 - 56.95 0.109
Aroostook/Downeast -- -- - -- 51.50 46.40 - 56.58 --
Aroostook -- -- - -- 48.63 41.74 - 55.57 --
Downeast -- -- - -- 53.86 47.29 - 60.30 --
Central -- -- - -- 50.75 44.91 - 56.57 --
Cumberland 59.30 54.51 - 63.91 58.87 53.61 - 63.94 0.882
Midcoast 50.31 44.32 - 56.29 53.68 46.92 - 60.30 0.352
Penquis -- -- - -- 53.09 47.95 - 58.16 --
Western -- -- - -- 51.00 45.73 - 56.24 --
York 55.03 49.19 - 60.73 56.26 50.48 - 61.88 0.717
Maryland 53.35 50.37 - 56.30 56.05 53.37 - 58.70 0.138
Anne Arundel 55.29b 48.77 - 61.63 61.64 55.36 - 67.55 0.057
Baltimore City 44.41 39.05 - 49.91 48.91 43.70 - 54.14 0.127
Baltimore County -- -- - -- 56.09 50.78 - 61.27 --
Montgomery 60.84 55.40 - 66.02 57.96 52.68 - 63.06 0.340
North Central -- -- - -- 58.92 53.09 - 64.52 --
Northeast -- -- - -- 55.82 49.93 - 61.54 --
Prince George's 44.28a 38.79 - 49.91 53.01 47.48 - 58.47 0.004
South -- -- - -- 58.53 52.82 - 64.01 --
West -- -- - -- 55.14 49.18 - 60.95 --
Massachusetts 60.52a 57.90 - 63.08 64.30 61.84 - 66.68 0.019
Boston 58.27a 52.64 - 63.69 64.14 59.10 - 68.89 0.027
Central 55.29a 49.34 - 61.10 62.41 57.05 - 67.48 0.020
Metrowest 65.24a 60.75 - 69.48 70.72 66.49 - 74.62 0.025
Northeast 59.94 55.26 - 64.45 62.75 58.43 - 66.87 0.284
Southeast 62.25 57.64 - 66.64 63.61 58.85 - 68.11 0.611
Western 57.39 51.45 - 63.13 58.18 53.00 - 63.18 0.791
Michigan1 52.93 51.51 - 54.34 53.80 52.44 - 55.16 0.361
Detroit City 39.44 35.58 - 43.43 38.13 34.06 - 42.38 0.589
Genesee 52.18 47.59 - 56.74 50.95 46.40 - 55.50 0.644
Kalamazoo -- -- - -- 53.30 48.87 - 57.68 --
Kent 52.10a 47.77 - 56.40 56.81 52.88 - 60.66 0.049
Lakeshore -- -- - -- 51.98 48.07 - 55.86 --
Macomb 58.23 54.31 - 62.06 60.02 56.31 - 63.62 0.450
Mid South -- -- - -- 53.97 50.33 - 57.56 --
Northern 52.03 47.76 - 56.26 55.34 51.10 - 59.50 0.211
Oakland 59.25 55.78 - 62.64 58.31 54.91 - 61.63 0.654
Pathways and Western -- -- - -- 55.28 50.14 - 60.31 --
Riverhaven 48.80b 43.42 - 54.21 54.48 49.48 - 59.39 0.053
Saginaw 52.52 46.81 - 58.17 52.57 46.72 - 58.35 0.987
Southeast 53.73 50.19 - 57.22 51.81 48.38 - 55.23 0.381
St. Clair 52.25 46.77 - 57.68 50.84 45.61 - 56.04 0.616
Washtenaw 62.52b 58.39 - 66.48 58.04 53.81 - 62.16 0.053
Minnesota 59.32 56.51 - 62.07 58.64 55.94 - 61.29 0.696
Regions 1 and 2 52.93 46.76 - 59.01 53.52 47.01 - 59.90 0.863
Regions 3 and 4 53.40b 48.18 - 58.54 58.51 53.40 - 63.44 0.080
Regions 5 and 6 58.87 53.65 - 63.89 56.60 51.57 - 61.49 0.445
Region 7A (Hennepin) 61.82 57.21 - 66.23 64.31 59.84 - 68.54 0.325
Region 7B (Ramsey) 59.82b 53.66 - 65.68 54.31 48.14 - 60.35 0.064
Region 7C 64.67a 59.94 - 69.13 59.07 54.76 - 63.25 0.039
Mississippi 36.17a 33.47 - 38.96 40.61 38.18 - 43.09 0.007
Region 1 31.63a 27.22 - 36.40 37.47 33.27 - 41.87 0.028
Region 2 30.75a 26.13 - 35.78 38.27 32.90 - 43.94 0.007
Region 3 34.06b 29.29 - 39.17 38.99 34.08 - 44.12 0.074
Region 4 42.90 38.09 - 47.85 43.82 39.21 - 48.54 0.744
Region 5 31.16b 25.74 - 37.14 36.21 30.01 - 42.90 0.084
Region 6 36.64a 31.24 - 42.40 43.41 38.08 - 48.89 0.020
Region 7 43.40 37.45 - 49.54 44.59 39.51 - 49.79 0.690
Missouri 51.57 48.86 - 54.27 50.64 47.97 - 53.30 0.583
Central 50.92 45.58 - 56.24 49.99 44.47 - 55.50 0.752
Eastern 57.41 53.46 - 61.26 53.99 50.30 - 57.64 0.128
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 57.53a 52.87 - 62.06 52.06 47.48 - 56.62 0.046
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 57.16 51.05 - 63.06 57.33 51.97 - 62.52 0.957
Northwest 52.36 48.27 - 56.42 52.58 48.43 - 56.70 0.923
Northwest (Jackson) 53.47 48.18 - 58.69 52.52 47.14 - 57.85 0.749
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 51.36 45.66 - 57.03 52.64 46.90 - 58.30 0.674
Southeast 41.89 36.19 - 47.83 44.84 39.44 - 50.35 0.337
Southwest 45.04 39.61 - 50.59 45.13 39.72 - 50.65 0.977
Montana 55.66a 52.87 - 58.41 60.19 57.69 - 62.64 0.009
Region 1 50.44b 44.03 - 56.83 56.64 50.72 - 62.37 0.064
Region 2 50.95 45.71 - 56.17 51.93 46.56 - 57.26 0.746
Region 3 54.45 49.48 - 59.34 56.68 52.14 - 61.10 0.424
Region 4 60.57b 56.32 - 64.66 65.13 60.88 - 69.16 0.065
Region 5 56.17a 51.54 - 60.71 62.99 59.16 - 66.67 0.009
Nebraska 54.35 51.53 - 57.14 53.43 50.69 - 56.15 0.599
Regions 1 and 2 50.70 44.29 - 57.09 49.15 43.94 - 54.39 0.636
Region 1 -- -- - -- 47.40 40.65 - 54.25 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 50.70 44.01 - 57.36 --
Region 3 55.85a 49.88 - 61.66 48.40 43.03 - 53.80 0.022
Region 4 48.90 43.14 - 54.68 48.90 42.85 - 54.98 0.999
Region 5 55.04 50.27 - 59.73 59.38 54.86 - 63.75 0.101
Region 6 56.23 52.30 - 60.08 53.68 49.81 - 57.50 0.286
Nevada1 48.70a 45.71 - 51.70 52.99 49.97 - 55.98 0.030
Clark - Region 1 47.31b 43.69 - 50.96 51.43 47.88 - 54.96 0.079
Region 3 49.75 44.17 - 55.34 53.12 47.72 - 58.44 0.267
Capital District -- -- - -- 57.61 50.93 - 64.03 --
Rural/Frontier -- -- - -- 49.05 41.83 - 56.31 --
Washoe - Region 2 53.80a 48.65 - 58.88 59.99 54.96 - 64.81 0.037
New Hampshire 59.45a 56.69 - 62.16 63.12 60.51 - 65.65 0.034
Central 57.37a 53.19 - 61.44 62.88 58.72 - 66.86 0.025
Central 1 57.30a 51.95 - 62.48 64.97 59.94 - 69.68 0.007
Central 2 57.43 51.72 - 62.95 60.86 55.19 - 66.24 0.281
Northern 59.54 53.97 - 64.87 61.05 55.37 - 66.44 0.623
Southern 60.43 57.00 - 63.77 63.70 60.64 - 66.65 0.102
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 63.43 58.41 - 68.17 66.09 61.63 - 70.28 0.319
Southern 2 58.62 54.41 - 62.70 62.22 58.36 - 65.92 0.151
New Jersey 56.19 53.33 - 59.01 56.74 53.97 - 59.47 0.758
Central 62.30 57.52 - 66.85 60.89 55.92 - 65.65 0.622
Metropolitan 55.19 50.29 - 59.99 55.49 50.92 - 59.96 0.913
Northern 54.34 49.74 - 58.87 56.63 52.15 - 61.01 0.421
Southern 53.51 48.25 - 58.69 53.78 49.01 - 58.49 0.924
New Mexico 47.98 44.93 - 51.04 45.19 42.39 - 48.03 0.134
Region 1 40.73 36.01 - 45.64 37.76 33.53 - 42.17 0.264
Region 2 49.50 43.63 - 55.38 47.86 42.10 - 53.67 0.606
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 55.12 50.54 - 59.61 50.51 45.78 - 55.24 0.101
Region 4 40.52 34.79 - 46.53 42.85 37.60 - 48.26 0.440
Region 5 47.83 42.45 - 53.26 43.71 39.01 - 48.53 0.166
New York 53.97 52.38 - 55.55 55.42 53.96 - 56.87 0.167
Region A 47.64a 45.35 - 49.94 53.27 51.20 - 55.32 0.000
Region 1 41.05b 36.27 - 46.01 45.41 41.29 - 49.60 0.095
Region 2 45.59a 41.97 - 49.26 53.20 49.72 - 56.64 0.000
Region 3 60.72 56.31 - 64.97 63.47 59.22 - 67.53 0.273
Region 4 44.69a 40.61 - 48.85 50.43 46.37 - 54.49 0.025
Region B -- -- - -- 60.56 58.21 - 62.86 --
Region 5 62.56 59.24 - 65.77 62.03 58.98 - 64.98 0.790
Region 6 61.61 57.17 - 65.87 59.88 55.56 - 64.06 0.486
Region 7 57.70 52.52 - 62.71 56.74 52.11 - 61.25 0.719
Region C -- -- - -- 55.19 52.89 - 57.48 --
Region 8 59.20 54.66 - 63.58 57.16 52.77 - 61.44 0.432
Region 9 56.12 51.20 - 60.92 52.09 47.49 - 56.65 0.170
Region 10 57.35 51.60 - 62.90 56.39 51.09 - 61.54 0.739
Region 11 56.38 52.00 - 60.66 54.90 50.63 - 59.10 0.568
Region 12 59.30 55.00 - 63.45 55.87 51.44 - 60.21 0.187
Region D 52.47 49.15 - 55.76 50.84 47.45 - 54.21 0.393
Region 13 54.76 49.24 - 60.16 51.61 46.07 - 57.12 0.307
Region 14 52.74 47.11 - 58.31 53.09 47.43 - 58.68 0.907
Region 15 50.19 44.88 - 55.49 47.91 43.04 - 52.83 0.425
North Carolina 41.12a 38.32 - 43.97 46.81 43.99 - 49.64 0.002
Alliance -- -- - -- 52.28 47.60 - 56.92 --
Cardinal Innovations -- -- - -- 47.14 41.58 - 52.78 --
CenterPoint/Guilford -- -- - -- 44.29 39.25 - 49.45 --
CenterPoint -- -- - -- 41.55 34.73 - 48.71 --
Guilford -- -- - -- 47.27 41.04 - 53.59 --
CoastalCare -- -- - -- 53.57 46.70 - 60.31 --
Eastpointe -- -- - -- 35.05 29.63 - 40.88 --
ECBH -- -- - -- 43.94 37.17 - 50.95 --
MeckLINK -- -- - -- 48.73 42.53 - 54.98 --
Partners -- -- - -- 45.98 40.45 - 51.61 --
Sandhills -- -- - -- 44.48 37.89 - 51.28 --
Smoky Mountain -- -- - -- 45.63 38.37 - 53.08 --
Western Highlands -- -- - -- 48.92 42.26 - 55.63 --
North Dakota 59.00 56.39 - 61.57 59.55 56.86 - 62.19 0.748
Badlands and West Central 59.41 54.82 - 63.84 59.33 54.44 - 64.05 0.978
Lake Region and South Central 49.91 44.35 - 55.46 50.43 44.85 - 55.99 0.874
North Central and Northwest 57.70 52.72 - 62.53 56.10 51.12 - 60.95 0.573
Northeast 59.40 54.30 - 64.30 61.35 56.04 - 66.40 0.486
Southeast 64.79 60.51 - 68.85 65.90 62.24 - 69.39 0.626
Ohio 51.34 49.93 - 52.74 52.77 51.42 - 54.11 0.132
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 49.07 44.33 - 53.82 48.59 43.90 - 53.30 0.860
Boards 3, 52, and 85 50.44b 45.55 - 55.31 55.40 50.10 - 60.58 0.093
Boards 4 and 78 48.43b 42.92 - 53.98 53.74 47.98 - 59.40 0.068
Boards 5 and 60 46.62 41.52 - 51.80 50.31 45.15 - 55.47 0.188
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 46.77 41.49 - 52.11 45.08 40.44 - 49.82 0.573
Boards 8, 13, and 83 50.23 45.19 - 55.27 52.83 48.16 - 57.44 0.353
Board 9 (Butler) 53.00 47.69 - 58.25 54.12 49.12 - 59.05 0.689
Board 12 48.27b 43.27 - 53.30 53.65 48.29 - 58.92 0.061
Boards 18 and 47 54.85 51.57 - 58.08 57.20 54.05 - 60.30 0.251
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 50.28 44.92 - 55.63 51.68 46.54 - 56.78 0.616
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 51.34 46.22 - 56.43 53.24 48.45 - 57.97 0.492
Boards 22, 74, and 87 50.38 44.89 - 55.87 54.27 49.47 - 58.99 0.167
Boards 23 and 45 52.90 47.75 - 57.99 50.78 45.85 - 55.69 0.455
Board 25 (Franklin) 55.49 51.94 - 58.98 54.64 51.06 - 58.18 0.696
Boards 27, 71, and 73 37.28 32.56 - 42.27 40.68 35.69 - 45.87 0.216
Boards 28, 43, and 67 53.64a 48.92 - 58.29 60.00 55.67 - 64.19 0.014
Board 31 (Hamilton) 55.25 50.98 - 59.44 52.71 48.72 - 56.67 0.308
Board 48 (Lucas) 50.46 45.87 - 55.03 52.13 46.92 - 57.30 0.529
Boards 50 and 76 53.25 48.50 - 57.93 53.12 48.71 - 57.48 0.961
Board 57 (Montgomery) 48.87 44.03 - 53.73 48.06 43.35 - 52.81 0.769
Board 77 (Summit) 51.48 46.81 - 56.13 53.91 49.43 - 58.33 0.359
Oklahoma 42.67 39.85 - 45.52 44.50 41.77 - 47.26 0.277
Central 48.13 42.30 - 54.02 47.06 41.19 - 53.01 0.727
East Central 35.36 29.78 - 41.37 39.89 33.99 - 46.09 0.141
Northeast 43.09 37.76 - 48.59 46.04 41.01 - 51.15 0.321
Northwest and Southwest 39.77 34.41 - 45.39 40.65 35.21 - 46.33 0.762
Oklahoma County 46.03 40.90 - 51.24 48.74 43.95 - 53.55 0.343
Southeast 36.07 30.84 - 41.64 39.78 34.45 - 45.37 0.206
Tulsa County 48.46 43.19 - 53.76 47.11 41.99 - 52.30 0.646
Oregon 54.69a 51.87 - 57.48 59.61 56.98 - 62.19 0.005
Region 1 (Multnomah) 57.87a 52.81 - 62.76 66.57 61.93 - 70.90 0.002
Region 2 57.05 52.64 - 61.34 61.47 56.79 - 65.96 0.110
Region 3 53.23a 48.68 - 57.74 58.27 54.36 - 62.08 0.050
Region 4 52.45 46.71 - 58.13 54.96 49.60 - 60.21 0.436
Region 5 (Central) -- -- - -- 60.63 54.57 - 66.38 --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- -- - -- 47.56 40.28 - 54.95 --
Pennsylvania1 51.94a 50.42 - 53.45 55.09 53.73 - 56.44 0.002
Region 1 (Allegheny) 58.90 55.13 - 62.56 60.60 56.92 - 64.17 0.462
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- -- - -- 53.54 48.87 - 58.14 --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 54.76 50.26 - 59.17 52.65 48.36 - 56.90 0.432
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 44.00a 39.51 - 48.60 50.62 45.90 - 55.33 0.016
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- -- - -- 52.71 48.45 - 56.92 --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 57.89a 54.93 - 60.80 62.03 59.11 - 64.86 0.029
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- -- - -- 47.53 42.89 - 52.22 --
Regions 17 and 21 53.02 47.16 - 58.81 55.41 50.04 - 60.65 0.425
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 49.18 45.51 - 52.85 52.30 48.71 - 55.88 0.176
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 50.41 45.91 - 54.91 52.35 47.98 - 56.70 0.477
Regions 29 and 34 51.83 46.69 - 56.93 54.12 49.39 - 58.77 0.416
Regions 30 and 50 -- -- - -- 53.83 49.32 - 58.27 --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 44.63a 41.03 - 48.30 52.31 48.83 - 55.77 0.000
Rhode Island 59.43b 56.51 - 62.28 62.68 59.88 - 65.39 0.078
Bristol and Newport 64.00 58.03 - 69.57 68.49 62.97 - 73.53 0.142
Kent 60.59 54.77 - 66.13 63.99 58.85 - 68.83 0.269
Providence 56.72 52.96 - 60.41 59.93 56.42 - 63.35 0.166
Washington 66.23 60.60 - 71.43 68.08 62.65 - 73.07 0.500
South Carolina 43.46a 40.64 - 46.32 49.02 46.41 - 51.65 0.002
Region 1 42.26 37.57 - 47.09 46.45 42.07 - 50.88 0.132
Region 2 44.74a 40.78 - 48.76 50.34 46.15 - 54.52 0.034
Region 3 40.23a 35.01 - 45.67 46.62 41.38 - 51.94 0.032
Region 4 45.44a 40.31 - 50.68 51.64 47.41 - 55.84 0.027
South Dakota 57.35 54.68 - 59.97 57.00 54.44 - 59.52 0.843
Region 1 -- -- - -- 55.64 50.88 - 60.31 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 52.31 46.27 - 58.28 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 58.53 54.10 - 62.82 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 55.59 50.18 - 60.86 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 59.17 55.19 - 63.03 --
Tennessee 36.73a 34.24 - 39.29 40.04 37.45 - 42.70 0.049
Region 1 35.45 29.79 - 41.56 35.57 30.22 - 41.30 0.971
Region 2 37.87 32.89 - 43.12 41.32 36.49 - 46.31 0.230
Region 3 -- -- - -- 36.13 31.31 - 41.26 --
Region 4 (Davidson) 43.77 38.62 - 49.07 44.45 39.04 - 49.99 0.820
Region 5 -- -- - -- 44.08 39.31 - 48.95 --
Region 6 29.93 24.90 - 35.49 34.70 29.11 - 40.75 0.107
Region 7 (Shelby) 40.97 35.80 - 46.34 38.93 33.80 - 44.32 0.473
Texas 47.29 45.95 - 48.64 48.51 47.11 - 49.91 0.213
Region 1 51.22 46.22 - 56.19 48.69 43.84 - 53.55 0.348
Region 2 42.98 37.56 - 48.56 43.91 38.38 - 49.58 0.754
Region 3 49.13 46.96 - 51.31 51.19 48.97 - 53.39 0.152
Region 3a 49.55 46.87 - 52.24 50.84 47.93 - 53.75 0.485
Region 3bc 48.40 44.81 - 52.01 51.79 48.45 - 55.11 0.125
Region 4 39.70 34.75 - 44.87 43.97 38.93 - 49.15 0.150
Region 5 42.21 36.96 - 47.63 45.04 40.18 - 50.00 0.299
Region 6 48.63 46.23 - 51.03 48.50 45.91 - 51.11 0.941
Region 6a 48.76 46.16 - 51.36 48.34 45.57 - 51.11 0.817
Region 6bc 47.58 42.46 - 52.75 49.91 44.35 - 55.47 0.408
Region 7 54.35 51.48 - 57.20 54.77 51.72 - 57.79 0.813
Region 7a 57.73 53.90 - 61.47 57.92 53.94 - 61.80 0.933
Region 7bcd 49.33 45.22 - 53.45 49.48 45.06 - 53.90 0.948
Region 8 46.04 42.43 - 49.70 47.20 43.64 - 50.78 0.595
Region 9 42.77 37.21 - 48.53 44.21 38.81 - 49.76 0.611
Region 10 43.59 38.29 - 49.04 45.27 40.78 - 49.85 0.544
Region 11 38.43 34.99 - 41.98 39.62 36.31 - 43.03 0.552
Region 11abd 40.66 36.20 - 45.28 41.43 37.28 - 45.71 0.759
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 33.90 29.33 - 38.79 36.41 31.67 - 41.43 0.320
Utah 29.17 26.73 - 31.74 27.68 25.33 - 30.16 0.368
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 29.29a 24.77 - 34.27 22.76 18.83 - 27.25 0.009
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 23.91 19.38 - 29.11 27.20 22.25 - 32.78 0.245
Davis County 29.03 24.05 - 34.56 27.85 23.20 - 33.03 0.679
Salt Lake County 35.14 31.42 - 39.04 32.79 29.28 - 36.50 0.310
Utah County 19.75 16.18 - 23.89 19.90 16.42 - 23.90 0.944
Weber, Morgan 26.72 21.99 - 32.06 28.69 23.94 - 33.97 0.465
Vermont 58.24 55.46 - 60.96 59.86 57.16 - 62.50 0.368
Champlain Valley 62.39 58.52 - 66.11 65.12 61.46 - 68.62 0.232
Rural Northeast 53.95 49.17 - 58.66 57.79 52.97 - 62.47 0.183
Rural Southeast 58.23 52.94 - 63.34 58.12 53.29 - 62.80 0.970
Rural Southwest 54.66 49.05 - 60.16 51.99 46.32 - 57.61 0.429
Virginia 50.18a 47.23 - 53.12 54.98 52.32 - 57.61 0.007
Region 1 -- -- - -- 55.00 50.24 - 59.68 --
Region 2 58.68 53.85 - 63.34 57.48 53.11 - 61.74 0.660
Region 3 42.15b 36.99 - 47.48 48.04 42.93 - 53.19 0.053
Region 4 -- -- - -- 55.95 50.67 - 61.10 --
Region 5 49.63a 44.65 - 54.62 56.48 51.84 - 61.01 0.015
Washington1 56.49 53.64 - 59.30 56.28 53.62 - 58.91 0.906
Region 1 -- -- - -- 51.00 46.47 - 55.51 --
East 1 (previously Region 1) 54.90 49.26 - 60.42 52.09 46.22 - 57.89 0.376
East 2 (previously Region 2) 46.26 39.93 - 52.71 49.52 43.48 - 55.58 0.322
Region 2 -- -- - -- 59.95 56.65 - 63.17 --
North 1 (previously Region 3) 58.76 53.58 - 63.75 59.36 54.56 - 63.98 0.839
North 2 (previously Region 4) 59.78 55.29 - 64.11 60.30 56.22 - 64.23 0.841
Region 3 -- -- - -- 54.64 50.73 - 58.48 --
West 1 (previously Region 5) 58.33 53.31 - 63.18 58.05 52.90 - 63.03 0.922
West 2 (previously Region 6) 53.41 47.85 - 58.89 51.48 46.28 - 56.65 0.536
West Virginia1 36.28b 33.71 - 38.93 39.30 36.60 - 42.07 0.081
Region I 41.51 35.32 - 47.97 45.22 38.50 - 52.12 0.297
Region II -- -- - -- 42.91 37.32 - 48.68 --
Region III 35.84 29.98 - 42.15 36.22 30.56 - 42.29 0.909
Region IV -- -- - -- 45.85 41.25 - 50.53 --
Region V -- -- - -- 35.45 31.53 - 39.58 --
Region VI -- -- - -- 33.71 28.65 - 39.17 --
Wisconsin 60.62 57.86 - 63.32 62.54 59.82 - 65.18 0.279
Milwaukee 58.03 52.91 - 62.98 59.69 54.61 - 64.58 0.563
Northeastern 61.89 57.25 - 66.32 59.83 55.38 - 64.12 0.445
Northern 59.94 54.09 - 65.51 59.79 53.46 - 65.81 0.963
Southeastern 62.77 57.47 - 67.79 65.11 60.10 - 69.80 0.430
Southern -- -- - -- 66.01 61.12 - 70.58 --
Western -- -- - -- 63.20 58.08 - 68.05 --
Wyoming 51.94 49.19 - 54.68 51.87 49.24 - 54.49 0.970
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 52.04 46.90 - 57.14 50.18 45.02 - 55.33 0.517
Judicial District 2 55.75 50.27 - 61.09 57.66 52.38 - 62.77 0.495
Judicial District 3 46.95 41.80 - 52.16 42.90 37.88 - 48.08 0.186
Judicial District 4 51.07 44.44 - 57.66 55.73 49.40 - 61.88 0.185
Judicial District 5 52.38 46.01 - 58.67 49.98 43.62 - 56.34 0.487
Judicial District 6 52.07 45.94 - 58.13 54.07 48.45 - 59.60 0.529
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 52.62 47.05 - 58.13 56.11 50.65 - 61.41 0.247
Judicial District 8 49.59 42.91 - 56.29 51.29 45.13 - 57.41 0.628
Judicial District 9 54.95 48.90 - 60.86 53.08 47.23 - 58.85 0.553
140430
Table 9 – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the methodology write-up for comparing estimates located below the tables.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 22.81 22.46 - 23.15 22.81 22.47 - 23.16 0.972
Northeast 24.05 23.38 - 24.73 24.61 23.88 - 25.37 0.232
Midwest 25.49 24.94 - 26.04 25.10 24.49 - 25.73 0.346
South 21.26 20.78 - 21.74 21.26 20.69 - 21.83 0.990
West 21.51 20.86 - 22.18 21.75 21.03 - 22.50 0.620
Alabama 18.72 16.85 - 20.73 20.18 18.19 - 22.33 0.258
Region 1 16.74 14.17 - 19.66 18.40 15.56 - 21.61 0.354
Region 2 20.11 17.32 - 23.23 22.71 19.54 - 26.22 0.188
Region 3 19.37 16.36 - 22.78 17.94 14.96 - 21.36 0.463
Region 4 18.66 15.97 - 21.69 20.59 17.51 - 24.04 0.318
Alaska 22.31 20.32 - 24.42 23.27 21.15 - 25.53 0.479
Anchorage -- -- - -- 25.29 22.53 - 28.28 --
Northern -- -- - -- 21.97 18.66 - 25.69 --
South Central -- -- - -- 21.92 18.55 - 25.71 --
Southeast 21.68 18.04 - 25.84 21.45 17.78 - 25.65 0.918
Arizona 24.52 22.38 - 26.78 22.44 20.28 - 24.76 0.135
Maricopa 24.90 22.40 - 27.57 23.28 20.64 - 26.14 0.364
Pima 25.52 21.85 - 29.57 23.46 19.73 - 27.65 0.356
Rural North 23.04b 19.50 - 27.00 19.01 15.56 - 23.01 0.066
Rural South 22.69 18.64 - 27.31 20.50 16.73 - 24.87 0.341
Arkansas1 20.72 18.86 - 22.72 19.46 17.50 - 21.59 0.292
Catchment Area 1 -- -- - -- 20.07 16.78 - 23.82 --
Catchment Area 2 19.12 15.80 - 22.95 18.51 15.10 - 22.48 0.771
Catchment Area 3 19.12 15.97 - 22.73 18.96 15.73 - 22.69 0.936
Catchment Area 4 -- -- - -- 18.89 15.55 - 22.76 --
Catchment Area 5 -- -- - -- 20.43 17.16 - 24.15 --
Catchment Area 6 -- -- - -- 18.94 15.40 - 23.07 --
Catchment Area 7 -- -- - -- 17.88 14.48 - 21.89 --
Catchment Area 8 21.25 18.22 - 24.63 20.27 17.05 - 23.92 0.627
California 20.80 19.75 - 21.90 21.35 20.24 - 22.51 0.477
Region 1R -- -- - -- 24.16 20.50 - 28.24 --
Region 2R -- -- - -- 22.53 19.19 - 26.27 --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- -- - -- 20.63 17.63 - 23.99 --
Region 4R -- -- - -- 22.24 19.02 - 25.84 --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- -- - -- 24.96 21.18 - 29.15 --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 18.17 15.46 - 21.24 19.39 16.47 - 22.69 0.506
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- -- - -- 21.26 17.88 - 25.08 --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- -- - -- 20.36 17.24 - 23.89 --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- -- - -- 17.76 14.50 - 21.57 --
Region 10 24.27 20.73 - 28.20 21.91 18.56 - 25.68 0.273
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 18.71a 17.02 - 20.52 20.99 19.52 - 22.53 0.044
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- -- - -- 23.19 19.73 - 27.06 --
LA SPA 2 -- -- - -- 19.50 16.65 - 22.71 --
LA SPA 3 -- -- - -- 17.46 14.80 - 20.49 --
LA SPA 4 -- -- - -- 23.64 20.14 - 27.55 --
LA SPA 6 -- -- - -- 21.98 18.62 - 25.74 --
LA SPA 7 -- -- - -- 23.01 19.68 - 26.73 --
LA SPA 8 -- -- - -- 21.34 18.30 - 24.73 --
Region 12R -- -- - -- 21.84 18.22 - 25.94 --
Regions 13 and 19R -- -- - -- 22.51 19.58 - 25.73 --
Region 13 (Riverside) 19.79 16.82 - 23.15 22.49 19.39 - 25.94 0.175
Region 19R (Imperial) -- -- - -- 22.69 18.79 - 27.13 --
Region 14 (Orange) 20.51 17.92 - 23.37 18.16 15.80 - 20.79 0.146
Region 15R (Fresno) -- -- - -- 21.26 17.98 - 24.95 --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- -- - -- 22.83 20.14 - 25.75 --
Region 17R -- -- - -- 22.91 19.72 - 26.44 --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- -- - -- 21.52 18.75 - 24.57 --
Region 20R -- -- - -- 21.71 18.28 - 25.60 --
Region 21R -- -- - -- 23.92 20.40 - 27.82 --
Colorado 25.32 23.25 - 27.52 24.36 22.20 - 26.65 0.500
Region 1 26.17 22.76 - 29.90 23.52 20.03 - 27.41 0.221
Regions 2 and 7 25.60 22.99 - 28.40 25.98 23.13 - 29.05 0.842
Region 3 23.88 20.32 - 27.85 21.57 18.24 - 25.33 0.288
Region 4 24.77b 20.64 - 29.42 20.34 16.50 - 24.81 0.051
Regions 5 and 6 25.10 21.41 - 29.18 22.87 18.97 - 27.29 0.325
Connecticut 24.15 22.10 - 26.33 25.22 22.99 - 27.59 0.455
Eastern 25.82 22.15 - 29.86 25.45 22.02 - 29.21 0.868
North Central 24.49 21.36 - 27.91 23.11 19.85 - 26.73 0.528
Northwestern 24.49 21.01 - 28.35 24.28 20.51 - 28.48 0.927
South Central 24.02b 20.71 - 27.68 28.13 24.34 - 32.26 0.081
Southwest 22.48 18.98 - 26.41 25.43 21.65 - 29.62 0.214
Delaware 22.70 20.82 - 24.70 22.41 20.31 - 24.65 0.819
Kent 21.03 17.77 - 24.70 21.15 17.74 - 25.01 0.954
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 24.53 22.19 - 27.02 23.35 20.68 - 26.25 0.492
Sussex 19.56 16.44 - 23.12 21.08 17.79 - 24.78 0.463
Wilmington City 22.17 18.24 - 26.66 22.85 18.86 - 27.39 0.772
District of Columbia 25.38a 23.13 - 27.77 32.09 29.72 - 34.55 0.000
Ward 1 27.14a 22.91 - 31.83 39.48 34.65 - 44.53 0.000
Ward 2 31.58a 27.32 - 36.18 43.87 39.41 - 48.43 0.000
Ward 3 27.67a 23.91 - 31.78 35.69 31.62 - 39.98 0.001
Ward 4 21.95 18.30 - 26.09 24.41 20.34 - 29.01 0.298
Ward 5 23.13b 19.46 - 27.26 27.47 23.60 - 31.70 0.079
Ward 6 26.43a 22.18 - 31.17 36.02 31.17 - 41.18 0.001
Ward 7 21.51 17.84 - 25.71 23.15 19.09 - 27.78 0.499
Ward 8 21.89 18.45 - 25.76 23.64 19.89 - 27.86 0.440
Florida1 21.60 20.53 - 22.70 20.46 19.34 - 21.64 0.128
Region A - Northwest -- -- - -- 21.90 19.85 - 24.08 --
Circuit 1 23.76a 20.53 - 27.33 19.56 16.78 - 22.68 0.028
Circuit 2 -- -- - -- 27.04 23.49 - 30.92 --
Circuit 14 -- -- - -- 20.51 17.08 - 24.43 --
Region B - Northeast -- -- - -- 21.46 19.47 - 23.60 --
Circuits 3 and 8 -- -- - -- 23.47 20.33 - 26.92 --
Circuit 4 -- -- - -- 19.74 16.85 - 22.99 --
Circuit 7 -- -- - -- 22.34 19.12 - 25.92 --
Region C - Central -- -- - -- 19.92 18.33 - 21.61 --
Circuit 5 17.76 14.89 - 21.04 17.06 14.21 - 20.34 0.711
Circuit 9 -- -- - -- 22.62 19.91 - 25.59 --
Circuit 10 19.17 16.28 - 22.44 18.39 15.51 - 21.66 0.680
Circuit 18 -- -- - -- 20.25 17.28 - 23.59 --
Circuit 19 20.22 17.03 - 23.83 20.03 16.69 - 23.85 0.927
Region D - Southeast -- -- - -- 19.58 17.60 - 21.72 --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 21.08 18.30 - 24.17 18.93 16.18 - 22.01 0.250
Circuit 17 (Broward) 22.09 19.52 - 24.90 20.08 17.60 - 22.81 0.247
Region E - Sun Coast -- -- - -- 21.76 19.87 - 23.77 --
Circuit 6 -- -- - -- 22.22 19.03 - 25.77 --
Circuit 12 -- -- - -- 22.06 18.57 - 26.00 --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- -- - -- 23.20 20.33 - 26.34 --
Circuit 20 20.95 18.01 - 24.24 19.52 16.50 - 22.94 0.471
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 19.92 17.78 - 22.26 18.48 16.35 - 20.82 0.327
Georgia 21.11 19.18 - 23.19 19.23 17.35 - 21.27 0.130
Region 1 -- -- - -- 18.47 15.72 - 21.57 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 19.30 16.19 - 22.86 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 19.65 16.74 - 22.92 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 19.24 15.70 - 23.34 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 19.80 16.28 - 23.87 --
Region 6 -- -- - -- 19.23 15.92 - 23.04 --
Hawaii 23.45 21.33 - 25.71 22.69 20.55 - 24.97 0.612
Hawaii Island 24.91 20.88 - 29.44 23.90 19.77 - 28.60 0.703
Honolulu 23.16 20.82 - 25.68 22.53 20.24 - 24.99 0.704
Kauai and Maui 23.63 20.03 - 27.65 22.35 18.79 - 26.37 0.579
Kauai -- -- - -- 20.99 16.73 - 26.01 --
Maui -- -- - -- 22.95 18.79 - 27.71 --
Idaho 21.26 19.42 - 23.21 20.82 18.83 - 22.97 0.729
Region 1 22.97 19.29 - 27.12 20.91 17.25 - 25.12 0.383
Region 2 22.75 19.23 - 26.70 24.61 20.70 - 29.00 0.402
Region 3 19.58 16.66 - 22.89 20.20 16.88 - 23.98 0.764
Region 4 23.26 20.34 - 26.45 22.35 19.26 - 25.77 0.651
Region 5 19.41 16.26 - 23.00 20.61 17.05 - 24.70 0.577
Region 6 20.39 17.09 - 24.13 20.44 16.94 - 24.45 0.979
Region 7 18.49 15.31 - 22.16 16.50 13.34 - 20.24 0.329
Illinois 25.78 24.63 - 26.97 25.52 24.36 - 26.71 0.746
Region I (Cook) 26.71 24.89 - 28.61 26.35 24.55 - 28.23 0.777
Region II 24.36 22.50 - 26.32 24.57 22.71 - 26.53 0.872
Region III 25.68 23.38 - 28.13 26.66 24.15 - 29.34 0.551
Region IV 25.29 22.50 - 28.30 25.21 22.20 - 28.46 0.967
Region V 26.43 23.74 - 29.31 23.99 21.23 - 26.99 0.193
Indiana 22.65 20.73 - 24.70 22.99 20.92 - 25.21 0.792
Central 22.06 19.03 - 25.41 22.12 18.83 - 25.80 0.977
East 23.31 19.76 - 27.28 21.79 18.22 - 25.85 0.483
North Central 21.47 18.22 - 25.13 22.89 19.42 - 26.77 0.525
Northeast 20.80 17.41 - 24.66 22.68 19.03 - 26.81 0.394
Northwest 22.72 19.26 - 26.59 23.05 19.53 - 27.01 0.875
Southeast 21.22 17.77 - 25.15 21.63 18.09 - 25.65 0.852
Southwest 23.23 19.48 - 27.45 23.46 19.44 - 28.02 0.920
West 27.48 23.87 - 31.41 27.26 23.45 - 31.44 0.923
Iowa 27.40 25.32 - 29.59 26.72 24.59 - 28.97 0.617
Central 27.92 24.16 - 32.01 27.73 24.06 - 31.73 0.935
North Central 26.30 22.72 - 30.23 28.64 24.57 - 33.09 0.301
Northeast 28.30 25.07 - 31.77 28.63 25.07 - 32.47 0.882
Northwest 25.84 22.09 - 29.98 23.28 19.71 - 27.28 0.286
Southeast 28.60 25.25 - 32.21 25.53 22.18 - 29.20 0.145
Southwest 25.57 21.68 - 29.89 25.99 22.05 - 30.36 0.868
Kansas 23.47 21.45 - 25.62 23.79 21.72 - 26.00 0.801
Kansas City Metro 24.19 21.21 - 27.44 25.36 22.29 - 28.70 0.556
Northeast 23.93 20.78 - 27.38 22.97 19.62 - 26.69 0.644
South Central 23.47 19.84 - 27.53 22.11 18.38 - 26.35 0.532
Southeast 22.93 19.20 - 27.14 21.56 17.67 - 26.04 0.558
West 21.33 17.80 - 25.35 23.65 19.90 - 27.85 0.309
Wichita (Sedgwick) 23.38 20.05 - 27.08 23.88 20.46 - 27.68 0.813
Kentucky 20.17 18.34 - 22.15 22.18 20.15 - 24.35 0.110
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 17.71 14.94 - 20.87 18.90 15.81 - 22.42 0.532
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 21.31a 18.60 - 24.29 26.38 23.02 - 30.03 0.014
Communicare and River Valley 20.12 16.80 - 23.91 19.88 16.46 - 23.81 0.907
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 20.14 16.72 - 24.06 19.79 16.27 - 23.85 0.872
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 18.75 15.65 - 22.29 19.69 16.23 - 23.67 0.641
Seven Counties 21.50 18.48 - 24.85 22.59 19.32 - 26.24 0.595
Louisiana 24.37 22.40 - 26.45 23.77 21.82 - 25.84 0.639
Regions 1 and 10 -- -- - -- 24.31 21.18 - 27.73 --
Region 1 22.41 18.75 - 26.54 24.65 20.74 - 29.03 0.330
Region 10 (Jefferson) 24.08 20.24 - 28.39 23.97 19.99 - 28.45 0.963
Regions 2 and 9 25.73 22.64 - 29.09 23.64 20.66 - 26.91 0.302
Region 3 25.57 21.61 - 29.98 24.23 20.35 - 28.59 0.575
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- -- - -- 23.98 20.77 - 27.51 --
Regions 7 and 8 22.49 19.36 - 25.96 22.96 19.83 - 26.41 0.827
Maine1 21.68 19.76 - 23.72 21.49 19.43 - 23.70 0.886
Aroostook/Downeast -- -- - -- 20.66 17.56 - 24.15 --
Aroostook -- -- - -- 20.06 16.31 - 24.40 --
Downeast -- -- - -- 21.16 17.21 - 25.73 --
Central -- -- - -- 21.36 17.88 - 25.31 --
Cumberland 24.00 20.74 - 27.60 23.00 19.56 - 26.84 0.650
Midcoast 21.28 17.92 - 25.08 19.41 15.82 - 23.59 0.413
Penquis -- -- - -- 22.03 18.82 - 25.61 --
Western -- -- - -- 22.03 18.61 - 25.88 --
York 20.81 17.63 - 24.39 20.66 17.19 - 24.62 0.945
Maryland 20.73 18.84 - 22.75 21.78 19.76 - 23.95 0.379
Anne Arundel 20.83 17.29 - 24.88 24.49 20.30 - 29.22 0.114
Baltimore City 22.66 18.96 - 26.85 24.17 20.57 - 28.18 0.502
Baltimore County -- -- - -- 21.00 17.68 - 24.75 --
Montgomery 19.66 16.49 - 23.26 20.30 17.02 - 24.02 0.750
North Central -- -- - -- 21.28 17.61 - 25.47 --
Northeast -- -- - -- 20.43 16.83 - 24.58 --
Prince George's 19.47 16.22 - 23.20 21.81 18.27 - 25.83 0.260
South -- -- - -- 21.50 17.86 - 25.66 --
West -- -- - -- 22.12 18.55 - 26.15 --
Massachusetts 27.82 25.60 - 30.14 26.67 24.52 - 28.94 0.416
Boston 30.49 26.39 - 34.93 30.69 26.73 - 34.96 0.935
Central 28.45 24.25 - 33.06 26.50 22.52 - 30.90 0.464
Metrowest 26.58 23.09 - 30.39 27.05 23.60 - 30.81 0.834
Northeast 26.59 23.00 - 30.51 25.24 21.81 - 29.00 0.553
Southeast 27.01 23.58 - 30.75 24.76 21.24 - 28.65 0.312
Western 30.01 25.71 - 34.69 27.41 23.49 - 31.71 0.326
Michigan1 24.52 23.41 - 25.66 25.23 24.05 - 26.45 0.372
Detroit City 22.64 19.82 - 25.74 21.04 18.13 - 24.29 0.403
Genesee 24.67 21.46 - 28.19 23.12 19.98 - 26.59 0.454
Kalamazoo -- -- - -- 25.33 22.30 - 28.63 --
Kent 24.32 21.39 - 27.52 26.92 23.73 - 30.37 0.203
Lakeshore -- -- - -- 24.72 21.83 - 27.85 --
Macomb 25.91 23.00 - 29.04 26.44 23.51 - 29.59 0.791
Mid South -- -- - -- 25.43 22.67 - 28.39 --
Northern 27.32 24.45 - 30.40 26.16 23.07 - 29.52 0.565
Oakland 24.00 21.59 - 26.58 24.75 22.17 - 27.53 0.660
Pathways and Western -- -- - -- 28.92 25.24 - 32.90 --
Riverhaven 24.94 21.54 - 28.68 28.45 24.66 - 32.58 0.141
Saginaw 24.17 20.64 - 28.09 26.09 22.12 - 30.50 0.406
Southeast 22.51 20.17 - 25.03 24.64 22.07 - 27.42 0.222
St. Clair 25.32 21.77 - 29.23 22.78 19.53 - 26.39 0.239
Washtenaw 25.99 23.03 - 29.18 26.26 23.23 - 29.53 0.887
Minnesota 27.49 25.36 - 29.72 26.93 24.75 - 29.24 0.683
Regions 1 and 2 28.17 23.93 - 32.84 25.59 21.18 - 30.57 0.344
Regions 3 and 4 27.53 23.98 - 31.39 26.50 22.80 - 30.55 0.656
Regions 5 and 6 29.09 25.48 - 32.99 28.20 24.49 - 32.24 0.714
Region 7A (Hennepin) 27.11 23.75 - 30.74 27.32 23.75 - 31.22 0.920
Region 7B (Ramsey) 27.92 23.74 - 32.52 27.10 22.79 - 31.88 0.740
Region 7C 25.78 22.36 - 29.52 26.34 23.00 - 29.98 0.793
Mississippi 19.67 17.80 - 21.68 19.71 17.87 - 21.69 0.970
Region 1 17.50 14.74 - 20.65 17.85 15.14 - 20.92 0.841
Region 2 17.85 14.73 - 21.46 20.49 16.98 - 24.51 0.210
Region 3 19.74 16.59 - 23.33 19.87 16.69 - 23.47 0.951
Region 4 22.14 18.88 - 25.78 19.47 16.33 - 23.06 0.190
Region 5 18.76 15.21 - 22.91 18.83 15.06 - 23.27 0.975
Region 6 21.93 18.40 - 25.93 21.88 18.24 - 26.03 0.982
Region 7 20.35 17.12 - 24.02 20.81 17.46 - 24.60 0.826
Missouri 24.92 22.91 - 27.04 23.06 21.04 - 25.21 0.144
Central 26.35 22.79 - 30.25 24.17 20.50 - 28.25 0.338
Eastern 26.85a 23.92 - 30.00 23.07 20.42 - 25.96 0.035
Eastern (St. Louis City and County) 27.06a 23.48 - 30.97 21.50 18.41 - 24.95 0.012
Eastern (excluding St. Louis) 26.42 22.61 - 30.61 25.79 21.82 - 30.22 0.793
Northwest 23.54 20.91 - 26.38 24.00 21.15 - 27.10 0.783
Northwest (Jackson) 24.04 20.73 - 27.69 23.96 20.53 - 27.75 0.970
Northwest (excluding Jackson) 23.08 19.59 - 26.99 24.04 20.29 - 28.23 0.663
Southeast 23.21 19.63 - 27.23 22.29 18.75 - 26.29 0.682
Southwest 22.74 19.48 - 26.35 21.19 17.79 - 25.03 0.475
Montana 27.62 25.51 - 29.83 26.64 24.53 - 28.85 0.487
Region 1 25.44 21.43 - 29.92 27.14 22.85 - 31.91 0.520
Region 2 26.49 22.79 - 30.55 25.12 21.18 - 29.51 0.567
Region 3 27.21 23.71 - 31.01 25.98 22.58 - 29.69 0.583
Region 4 29.50 26.33 - 32.88 27.85 24.59 - 31.36 0.444
Region 5 27.49 24.38 - 30.83 26.61 23.58 - 29.87 0.671
Nebraska 26.33 24.26 - 28.52 24.53 22.40 - 26.79 0.178
Regions 1 and 2 23.96 20.14 - 28.24 23.74 20.34 - 27.52 0.923
Region 1 -- -- - -- 23.58 19.37 - 28.38 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 23.89 19.61 - 28.77 --
Region 3 26.86a 23.17 - 30.89 21.94 18.57 - 25.74 0.030
Region 4 24.04 20.35 - 28.16 23.88 19.89 - 28.39 0.948
Region 5 27.66 24.49 - 31.06 25.76 22.33 - 29.51 0.385
Region 6 26.74 23.89 - 29.79 24.93 22.07 - 28.03 0.332
Nevada1 21.77a 19.51 - 24.23 25.08 22.63 - 27.70 0.046
Clark - Region 1 21.61 18.99 - 24.49 24.61 21.82 - 27.62 0.119
Region 3 21.37 17.91 - 25.30 23.17 19.48 - 27.32 0.439
Capital District -- -- - -- 24.59 20.05 - 29.77 --
Rural/Frontier -- -- - -- 21.89 17.40 - 27.15 --
Washoe - Region 2 22.82a 19.49 - 26.53 28.74 24.75 - 33.10 0.015
New Hampshire 24.55 22.54 - 26.67 23.89 21.81 - 26.11 0.634
Central 25.40 22.68 - 28.34 24.29 21.35 - 27.49 0.548
Central 1 26.78 23.37 - 30.50 26.49 22.79 - 30.55 0.897
Central 2 24.07 20.58 - 27.95 22.16 18.52 - 26.28 0.419
Northern 25.41 21.84 - 29.34 23.50 19.86 - 27.58 0.404
Southern 23.94 21.62 - 26.43 23.79 21.34 - 26.42 0.923
Southern 1 (Rockingham) 24.25 20.85 - 28.02 24.96 21.43 - 28.85 0.755
Southern 2 23.75 21.03 - 26.71 23.06 20.23 - 26.15 0.711
New Jersey 21.43 19.36 - 23.66 23.54 21.48 - 25.73 0.116
Central 22.66 19.39 - 26.31 22.82 19.47 - 26.55 0.942
Metropolitan 19.88a 16.86 - 23.30 24.01 20.78 - 27.57 0.046
Northern 21.37 18.53 - 24.50 24.15 21.05 - 27.54 0.159
Southern 21.99 18.68 - 25.69 22.87 19.55 - 26.58 0.669
New Mexico 23.79a 21.71 - 26.01 20.55 18.56 - 22.69 0.013
Region 1 20.40 17.20 - 24.01 17.85 15.07 - 21.01 0.181
Region 2 23.16b 19.31 - 27.52 19.40 15.90 - 23.46 0.100
Region 3 (Bernalillo) 25.66b 22.52 - 29.07 21.83 18.82 - 25.17 0.058
Region 4 23.22 19.72 - 27.14 21.60 18.25 - 25.38 0.446
Region 5 25.15b 21.77 - 28.85 21.44 18.21 - 25.07 0.078
New York 23.98 22.80 - 25.21 24.16 22.97 - 25.40 0.827
Region A 22.18b 20.60 - 23.85 24.01 22.39 - 25.71 0.092
Region 1 21.82 18.65 - 25.36 24.46 21.42 - 27.78 0.186
Region 2 20.24 17.79 - 22.94 22.90 20.40 - 25.62 0.120
Region 3 29.36 26.01 - 32.96 28.02 24.65 - 31.66 0.550
Region 4 19.75 17.25 - 22.51 22.21 19.34 - 25.38 0.175
Region B -- -- - -- 23.65 21.84 - 25.55 --
Region 5 24.40 21.94 - 27.05 24.09 21.66 - 26.69 0.849
Region 6 23.38 20.43 - 26.63 22.85 19.76 - 26.26 0.787
Region 7 24.82 21.43 - 28.55 23.43 20.30 - 26.88 0.525
Region C -- -- - -- 24.93 23.22 - 26.72 --
Region 8 26.71b 23.66 - 30.01 23.16 20.17 - 26.45 0.082
Region 9 26.31 23.03 - 29.88 24.40 21.30 - 27.80 0.347
Region 10 26.08 22.68 - 29.78 25.31 21.87 - 29.09 0.723
Region 11 25.87 22.89 - 29.09 26.04 22.89 - 29.45 0.933
Region 12 26.26 23.28 - 29.48 25.75 22.65 - 29.11 0.802
Region D 26.09 23.81 - 28.49 24.34 22.08 - 26.76 0.237
Region 13 24.66 21.15 - 28.55 23.95 20.43 - 27.85 0.751
Region 14 28.89 25.12 - 32.98 26.23 22.46 - 30.39 0.250
Region 15 24.64 21.39 - 28.21 22.83 19.59 - 26.43 0.391
North Carolina 19.91 18.06 - 21.91 18.54 16.57 - 20.69 0.260
Alliance -- -- - -- 18.67 15.82 - 21.89 --
Cardinal Innovations -- -- - -- 18.00 14.88 - 21.61 --
CenterPoint/Guilford -- -- - -- 17.99 15.11 - 21.28 --
CenterPoint -- -- - -- 17.23 13.66 - 21.50 --
Guilford -- -- - -- 18.81 15.22 - 23.02 --
CoastalCare -- -- - -- 21.01 17.05 - 25.61 --
Eastpointe -- -- - -- 15.76 12.69 - 19.41 --
ECBH -- -- - -- 19.07 15.33 - 23.45 --
MeckLINK -- -- - -- 20.49 16.56 - 25.07 --
Partners -- -- - -- 18.47 15.20 - 22.25 --
Sandhills -- -- - -- 18.06 14.58 - 22.16 --
Smoky Mountain -- -- - -- 19.31 15.47 - 23.83 --
Western Highlands -- -- - -- 17.91 14.43 - 22.02 --
North Dakota 31.81 29.51 - 34.21 30.25 28.05 - 32.55 0.311
Badlands and West Central 29.66 26.03 - 33.56 27.20 23.74 - 30.97 0.301
Lake Region and South Central 28.17 24.29 - 32.42 25.97 22.01 - 30.37 0.385
North Central and Northwest 33.29b 29.11 - 37.75 28.67 24.78 - 32.90 0.087
Northeast 34.87 31.03 - 38.93 32.58 28.75 - 36.65 0.343
Southeast 33.53 30.12 - 37.11 35.39 32.00 - 38.92 0.423
Ohio 23.88 22.80 - 24.99 23.72 22.60 - 24.87 0.829
Boards 2, 46, 55, and 68 22.18 19.40 - 25.23 22.84 19.60 - 26.44 0.741
Boards 3, 52, and 85 21.82 18.81 - 25.17 22.35 18.95 - 26.17 0.796
Boards 4 and 78 24.76 21.40 - 28.46 23.96 20.20 - 28.16 0.714
Boards 5 and 60 26.66 23.20 - 30.43 25.09 21.69 - 28.83 0.479
Boards 7, 15, 41, 79, and 84 23.12 19.97 - 26.61 20.66 17.60 - 24.09 0.245
Boards 8, 13, and 83 21.63 18.58 - 25.03 22.26 19.19 - 25.68 0.750
Board 9 (Butler) 24.99 21.78 - 28.51 25.72 22.29 - 29.48 0.726
Board 12 22.30 19.30 - 25.62 22.98 19.60 - 26.75 0.727
Boards 18 and 47 22.86 20.51 - 25.39 24.29 21.87 - 26.87 0.385
Boards 20, 32, 54, and 69 23.90 20.66 - 27.48 23.72 20.25 - 27.58 0.932
Boards 21, 39, 51, 70, and 80 23.61 20.48 - 27.06 23.88 20.62 - 27.46 0.898
Boards 22, 74, and 87 24.32 21.08 - 27.88 24.34 21.01 - 28.01 0.994
Boards 23 and 45 23.15 20.16 - 26.43 23.28 20.02 - 26.90 0.946
Board 25 (Franklin) 26.42 23.86 - 29.15 26.69 24.07 - 29.49 0.875
Boards 27, 71, and 73 20.99 17.95 - 24.38 21.83 18.70 - 25.32 0.674
Boards 28, 43, and 67 24.37 21.31 - 27.71 25.20 22.01 - 28.67 0.687
Board 31 (Hamilton) 26.56a 23.41 - 29.97 22.56 19.80 - 25.59 0.039
Board 48 (Lucas) 25.40 22.18 - 28.91 25.27 21.80 - 29.09 0.952
Boards 50 and 76 24.64 21.45 - 28.14 22.84 19.93 - 26.04 0.374
Board 57 (Montgomery) 23.07 19.99 - 26.47 20.71 17.68 - 24.10 0.219
Board 77 (Summit) 22.45 19.50 - 25.71 24.05 21.02 - 27.36 0.417
Oklahoma 19.86 18.00 - 21.85 21.48 19.46 - 23.64 0.187
Central 21.99 18.60 - 25.80 24.84 20.92 - 29.21 0.196
East Central 17.70 14.39 - 21.58 18.96 15.52 - 22.95 0.529
Northeast 19.34 16.38 - 22.70 19.54 16.38 - 23.14 0.918
Northwest and Southwest 19.42 16.17 - 23.14 22.02 18.44 - 26.08 0.222
Oklahoma County 20.84 17.68 - 24.40 22.54 19.09 - 26.40 0.427
Southeast 18.68 15.61 - 22.19 20.61 17.17 - 24.54 0.359
Tulsa County 20.69 17.71 - 24.01 21.24 17.77 - 25.18 0.787
Oregon 20.02 18.23 - 21.95 21.42 19.50 - 23.48 0.236
Region 1 (Multnomah) 21.55b 18.50 - 24.95 25.08 21.61 - 28.90 0.096
Region 2 19.99 17.31 - 22.98 19.84 16.75 - 23.34 0.935
Region 3 20.17 17.55 - 23.08 21.82 19.18 - 24.71 0.341
Region 4 18.16 15.34 - 21.38 19.50 16.29 - 23.17 0.500
Region 5 (Central) -- -- - -- 21.13 17.28 - 25.57 --
Region 6 (Eastern) -- -- - -- 18.62 14.89 - 23.03 --
Pennsylvania1 23.81 22.66 - 25.00 24.86 23.67 - 26.09 0.203
Region 1 (Allegheny) 27.65 24.67 - 30.84 27.56 24.63 - 30.69 0.964
Regions 3, 8, 9, and 51 -- -- - -- 24.91 21.65 - 28.49 --
Regions 4, 11, 37, and 49 23.82 20.89 - 27.03 24.07 21.01 - 27.41 0.903
Regions 5, 18, 23, 24, and 46 20.62 17.90 - 23.63 22.58 19.52 - 25.97 0.298
Regions 6, 12, 16, 31, 35, 45, and 47 -- -- - -- 24.37 21.39 - 27.62 --
Regions 7, 13, 20, and 33 23.57 21.38 - 25.91 25.75 23.42 - 28.23 0.172
Regions 10, 15, 27, 32, 43, and 44 -- -- - -- 23.83 20.67 - 27.31 --
Regions 17 and 21 27.32 23.43 - 31.58 27.06 23.23 - 31.27 0.915
Regions 19, 26, 28, and 42 20.91 18.65 - 23.35 20.34 17.90 - 23.02 0.730
Regions 22, 38, 40, 41, and 48 22.04 19.24 - 25.11 23.69 20.71 - 26.95 0.388
Regions 29 and 34 22.78 19.75 - 26.12 23.76 20.25 - 27.66 0.648
Regions 30 and 50 -- -- - -- 24.56 21.27 - 28.17 --
Region 36 (Philadelphia) 23.32a 20.93 - 25.90 28.44 25.54 - 31.52 0.005
Rhode Island 28.15 25.74 - 30.69 29.06 26.65 - 31.60 0.574
Bristol and Newport 27.98 23.91 - 32.44 30.65 26.21 - 35.48 0.309
Kent 26.60 22.93 - 30.62 27.94 23.87 - 32.40 0.592
Providence 28.20 25.26 - 31.33 29.00 26.01 - 32.19 0.690
Washington 30.16 25.95 - 34.72 29.16 25.08 - 33.60 0.703
South Carolina 21.77 19.79 - 23.88 23.03 20.92 - 25.28 0.344
Region 1 22.21 19.13 - 25.62 21.84 18.73 - 25.32 0.862
Region 2 20.89 18.36 - 23.67 22.45 19.38 - 25.86 0.394
Region 3 21.38 17.97 - 25.23 24.43 20.55 - 28.77 0.188
Region 4 22.58 19.39 - 26.13 23.91 20.64 - 27.52 0.541
South Dakota 28.81 26.68 - 31.05 28.00 25.85 - 30.25 0.550
Region 1 -- -- - -- 26.47 23.08 - 30.16 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 26.58 22.34 - 31.31 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 30.07 26.54 - 33.84 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 28.18 24.37 - 32.33 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 27.96 24.58 - 31.61 --
Tennessee 16.03b 14.36 - 17.86 17.96 16.11 - 19.96 0.094
Region 1 16.60 13.50 - 20.25 15.51 12.59 - 18.97 0.567
Region 2 16.97 14.14 - 20.24 17.55 14.60 - 20.96 0.762
Region 3 -- -- - -- 16.64 13.78 - 19.96 --
Region 4 (Davidson) 17.51b 14.43 - 21.09 21.30 17.79 - 25.29 0.070
Region 5 -- -- - -- 19.21 16.16 - 22.67 --
Region 6 15.70 12.86 - 19.04 17.11 13.89 - 20.89 0.464
Region 7 (Shelby) 16.84 13.77 - 20.44 17.44 14.39 - 20.97 0.762
Texas 23.69 22.67 - 24.75 23.62 22.48 - 24.80 0.924
Region 1 27.17 23.85 - 30.78 24.98 21.68 - 28.61 0.306
Region 2 22.00 18.79 - 25.59 22.37 18.85 - 26.33 0.856
Region 3 22.31 20.73 - 23.97 23.56 21.75 - 25.48 0.293
Region 3a 21.95 20.05 - 23.97 22.67 20.48 - 25.03 0.616
Region 3bc 22.94 20.39 - 25.70 25.11 22.35 - 28.09 0.241
Region 4 20.84 17.80 - 24.24 20.66 17.59 - 24.11 0.928
Region 5 21.43 18.18 - 25.08 22.01 18.66 - 25.77 0.784
Region 6 24.08 22.24 - 26.01 23.09 21.09 - 25.23 0.457
Region 6a 24.13 22.12 - 26.25 22.97 20.80 - 25.30 0.430
Region 6bc 23.69 20.48 - 27.23 24.08 20.35 - 28.25 0.855
Region 7 26.75 24.55 - 29.07 25.93 23.68 - 28.32 0.568
Region 7a 26.76 23.91 - 29.81 27.47 24.46 - 30.69 0.702
Region 7bcd 26.73b 23.78 - 29.91 23.36 20.39 - 26.62 0.082
Region 8 23.33 20.83 - 26.02 24.02 21.28 - 26.99 0.694
Region 9 22.81 19.43 - 26.60 24.70 20.88 - 28.97 0.395
Region 10 26.06 22.44 - 30.02 23.31 20.03 - 26.93 0.214
Region 11 24.26 21.69 - 27.02 23.33 20.77 - 26.09 0.572
Region 11abd 25.28 21.99 - 28.87 24.15 20.94 - 27.69 0.586
Region 11c (Hidalgo) 22.18 18.79 - 25.99 21.86 18.53 - 25.61 0.877
Utah 15.07 13.39 - 16.91 14.95 13.32 - 16.75 0.914
Bear River, Northeastern, Summit, Tooele, and Wasatch 15.82b 12.96 - 19.16 12.78 10.31 - 15.72 0.072
Central, Four Corners, San Juan, and Southwest 13.51 10.73 - 16.88 15.47 12.38 - 19.17 0.286
Davis County 15.84 13.00 - 19.15 13.82 11.11 - 17.06 0.235
Salt Lake County 16.51 14.18 - 19.13 16.81 14.50 - 19.40 0.848
Utah County 11.47   9.19 - 14.22 12.66 10.28 - 15.49 0.420
Weber, Morgan 15.42 12.46 - 18.94 15.28 12.20 - 18.99 0.941
Vermont 24.09 22.13 - 26.16 24.13 22.14 - 26.25 0.971
Champlain Valley 26.28 23.49 - 29.27 27.21 24.48 - 30.12 0.613
Rural Northeast 23.86 20.80 - 27.22 23.16 19.85 - 26.83 0.738
Rural Southeast 21.52 18.34 - 25.08 21.61 18.42 - 25.17 0.966
Rural Southwest 22.63 19.28 - 26.38 21.19 17.88 - 24.92 0.488
Virginia 21.26 19.30 - 23.37 21.95 20.01 - 24.02 0.580
Region 1 -- -- - -- 21.87 18.76 - 25.34 --
Region 2 21.34 18.43 - 24.57 20.69 17.74 - 23.99 0.732
Region 3 21.32 18.12 - 24.91 22.18 18.93 - 25.82 0.686
Region 4 -- -- - -- 22.71 19.17 - 26.69 --
Region 5 20.42 17.46 - 23.75 22.79 19.74 - 26.17 0.214
Washington1 20.87 19.05 - 22.82 22.31 20.31 - 24.45 0.237
Region 1 -- -- - -- 22.80 19.77 - 26.15 --
East 1 (previously Region 1) 21.40 18.08 - 25.15 23.95 20.13 - 28.24 0.251
East 2 (previously Region 2) 20.66 16.99 - 24.89 21.25 17.47 - 25.58 0.792
Region 2 -- -- - -- 22.27 19.79 - 24.97 --
North 1 (previously Region 3) 22.78 19.55 - 26.37 23.06 19.75 - 26.73 0.892
North 2 (previously Region 4) 19.46 16.80 - 22.41 21.82 18.85 - 25.12 0.199
Region 3 -- -- - -- 22.03 19.37 - 24.93 --
West 1 (previously Region 5) 22.71 19.43 - 26.37 24.45 20.74 - 28.59 0.438
West 2 (previously Region 6) 19.51 16.54 - 22.86 19.78 16.66 - 23.33 0.887
West Virginia1 19.36 17.61 - 21.23 19.90 18.05 - 21.88 0.634
Region I 20.47 17.01 - 24.43 20.82 17.07 - 25.14 0.875
Region II -- -- - -- 21.11 17.61 - 25.09 --
Region III 18.59 15.43 - 22.22 18.46 15.11 - 22.34 0.947
Region IV -- -- - -- 24.17 21.14 - 27.49 --
Region V -- -- - -- 17.62 15.07 - 20.49 --
Region VI -- -- - -- 17.75 14.74 - 21.23 --
Wisconsin 30.26 27.99 - 32.63 28.47 26.11 - 30.96 0.239
Milwaukee 32.18a 28.00 - 36.67 27.06 23.07 - 31.46 0.045
Northeastern 29.43 25.93 - 33.18 27.38 23.91 - 31.14 0.363
Northern 29.22 24.96 - 33.88 27.10 22.46 - 32.30 0.442
Southeastern 27.96 24.10 - 32.18 29.60 25.34 - 34.25 0.531
Southern -- -- - -- 29.81 25.86 - 34.09 --
Western -- -- - -- 29.19 25.31 - 33.39 --
Wyoming 24.70 22.67 - 26.85 22.60 20.60 - 24.72 0.101
Judicial District 1 (Laramie) 23.55 20.26 - 27.19 21.56 18.26 - 25.27 0.337
Judicial District 2 30.60 26.82 - 34.67 28.95 25.24 - 32.98 0.463
Judicial District 3 23.75 20.20 - 27.72 20.21 16.99 - 23.86 0.114
Judicial District 4 22.41 18.70 - 26.62 20.90 17.25 - 25.09 0.498
Judicial District 5 23.46 19.85 - 27.50 20.31 16.66 - 24.53 0.163
Judicial District 6 26.74 22.71 - 31.20 24.31 20.43 - 28.65 0.305
Judicial District 7 (Natrona) 23.64 20.03 - 27.68 23.48 19.96 - 27.40 0.940
Judicial District 8 22.83 19.20 - 26.92 21.93 18.22 - 26.15 0.691
Judicial District 9 25.56 21.51 - 30.09 22.45 18.60 - 26.85 0.184
140430
Table 10 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages, and P Values from Tests of Differences between Percentages, 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region 2002-2004
(Estimate)
2002-2004
(95% Confidence
Interval)
2010-2012
(Estimate)
2010-2012
(95% Confidence
Interval)
P Value
ECBH = East Carolina Behavioral Health; SPA = service planning area.
-- Not available. These regions were not defined consistently across the two time periods (i.e., 2002-2004 and 2010-2012); hence, the 2002-2004 estimates and p values are not available for these regions. The definitions of the substate regions listed in this table are provided in the "2010-2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k12/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Substate, State, and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques, with their p values being the Bayes posterior probability of no change between the 2002-2004 and 2010-2012 estimates. The "Total U.S." estimates, along with the 95 percent confidence intervals and p values, are based on design-based (direct) estimation methods.
a Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2002-2004 estimate and the 2010-2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 Names of some of the substate regions for this State have changed across the two time periods (2002-2004 vs. 2010-2012). For details, see the methodology write-up for comparing estimates located below the tables.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010, 2011, and 2012 (2010 Data - Revised March 2012).
Total United States 41.71a 41.28 - 42.14 42.54 42.11 - 42.97 0.007
Northeast 39.45a 38.63 - 40.28 40.88 40.06 - 41.70 0.012
Midwest 38.11 37.44 - 38.78 38.25 37.59 - 38.90 0.761
South 44.52 43.88 - 45.17 44.77 44.12 - 45.42 0.584
West 42.77a 41.88 - 43.67 44.29 43.42 - 45.16 0.015
Alabama 47.05 44.36 - 49.76 45.00 42.52 - 47.51 0.238
Region 1 45.84 41.43 - 50.31 45.20 41.19 - 49.28 0.826
Region 2 47.70 43.78 - 51.65 43.36 39.62 - 47.18 0.103
Region 3 49.21 44.55 - 53.87 48.41 44.21 - 52.63 0.784
Region 4 45.92 41.85 - 50.05 44.39 40.18 - 48.69 0.579
Alaska 41.13 38.46 - 43.86 40.02 37.39 - 42.71 0.531
Anchorage -- -- - -- 41.75 38.25 - 45.34 --
Northern -- -- - -- 38.37 34.33 - 42.57 --
South Central -- -- - -- 39.20 34.75 - 43.83 --
Southeast 39.81 34.73 - 45.13 38.83 34.27 - 43.59 0.751
Arizona 40.02a 37.40 - 42.70 44.33 41.55 - 47.15 0.016
Maricopa 39.61b 36.52 - 42.79 43.85 40.44 - 47.33 0.060
Pima 38.05a 33.51 - 42.81 44.17 39.33 - 49.13 0.039
Rural North 41.82 36.71 - 47.11 44.31 39.23 - 49.51 0.469
Rural South 43.02 37.55 - 48.67 46.65 41.30 - 52.08 0.292
Arkansas1 43.57 41.03 - 46.16 43.95 41.34 - 46.58 0.829
Catchment Area 1 -- -- - -- 42.75 38.29 - 47.33 --
Catchment Area 2 43.59 38.52 - 48.79 41.45 36.45 - 46.63 0.528
Catchment Area 3 46.48 41.92 - 51.10 44.05 39.28 - 48.92 0.435
Catchment Area 4 -- -- - -- 44.03 39.11 - 49.08 --
Catchment Area 5 -- -- - -- 41.70 37.24 - 46.30 --
Catchment Area 6 -- -- - -- 47.25 42.00 - 52.57 --
Catchment Area 7 -- -- - -- 45.49 40.47 - 50.59 --
Catchment Area 8 43.34 39.09 - 47.69 46.24 41.94 - 50.60 0.322
California 44.94 43.49 - 46.40 46.47 45.10 - 47.84 0.126
Region 1R -- -- - -- 41.69 37.38 - 46.14 --
Region 2R -- -- - -- 39.85 35.38 - 44.50 --
Region 3R (Sacramento) -- -- - -- 46.32 42.01 - 50.68 --
Region 4R -- -- - -- 43.24 38.98 - 47.60 --
Region 5R (San Francisco) -- -- - -- 43.69 38.82 - 48.68 --
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 44.71 40.54 - 48.95 45.05 40.72 - 49.45 0.904
Region 7R (Contra Costa) -- -- - -- 45.93 41.41 - 50.51 --
Region 8R (Alameda) -- -- - -- 46.35 42.09 - 50.65 --
Region 9R (San Mateo) -- -- - -- 45.65 40.75 - 50.63 --
Region 10 45.15 40.75 - 49.62 43.71 39.49 - 48.03 0.608
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 49.33 46.93 - 51.73 49.22 47.23 - 51.21 0.942
LA SPA 1 and 5 -- -- - -- 45.25 40.68 - 49.91 --
LA SPA 2 -- -- - -- 48.00 43.99 - 52.04 --
LA SPA 3 -- -- - -- 52.10 47.98 - 56.19 --
LA SPA 4 -- -- - -- 46.14 41.65 - 50.69 --
LA SPA 6 -- -- - -- 53.43 49.05 - 57.77 --
LA SPA 7 -- -- - -- 52.92 48.66 - 57.13 --
LA SPA 8 -- -- - -- 46.98 42.73 - 51.28 --
Region 12R -- -- - -- 45.12 40.48 - 49.85 --
Regions 13 and 19R -- -- - -- 47.36 43.74 - 51.00 --
Region 13 (Riverside) 45.16 41.03 - 49.36 47.03 43.18 - 50.92 0.482
Region 19R (Imperial) -- -- - -- 51.51 46.59 - 56.39 --
Region 14 (Orange) 44.08 40.35 - 47.89 46.29 42.78 - 49.85 0.384
Region 15R (Fresno) -- -- - -- 48.69 44.32 - 53.09 --
Region 16R (San Diego) -- -- - -- 45.10 41.85 - 48.39 --
Region 17R -- -- - -- 45.47 41.41 - 49.59 --
Region 18R (San Bernardino) -- -- - -- 48.75 44.93 - 52.58 --
Region 20R -- -- - -- 46.06 41.65 - 50.55 --
Region 21R -- -- - -- 44.11 39.73 - 48.59 --
Colorado 37.72 35.13 - 40.37 38.34 35.81 - 40.94 0.718
Region 1 36.68 32.43 - 41.16 36.82 32.37 - 41.50 0.964
Regions 2 and 7 37.86 34.60 - 41.23 39.09 35.82 - 42.46 0.594
Region 3 38.27 33.53 - 43.23 37.21 33.11 - 41.51 0.724
Region 4 41.17 35.85 - 46.70 42.56 37.36 - 47.94 0.674
Regions 5 and 6 35.54 30.84 - 40.53 35.80 31.14 - 40.75 0.930
Connecticut 38.79a 36.18 - 41.46 42.71 40.01 - 45.45 0.028
Eastern 35.57 30.86 - 40.59 39.22 34.82 - 43.80 0.234
North Central 40.52 36.66 - 44.50 42.27 38.09 - 46.57 0.530
Northwestern 38.45 34.00 - 43.11 42.90 38.39 - 47.54 0.133
South Central 38.78 34.66 - 43.06 42.60 38.19 - 47.13 0.195
Southwest 38.56a 33.82 - 43.52 45.63 41.22 - 50.12 0.018
Delaware 40.16 37.58 - 42.80 41.30 38.75 - 43.89 0.520
Kent 40.73 36.22 - 45.40 42.47 38.15 - 46.91 0.554
New Castle (excluding Wilmington City) 37.81 34.72 - 41.00 40.49 37.19 - 43.89 0.235
Sussex 42.49 37.73 - 47.38 40.99 36.71 - 45.42 0.626
Wilmington City 47.36 42.02 - 52.76 44.62 39.80 - 49.55 0.396
District of Columbia 44.91a 42.12 - 47.72 40.06 37.56 - 42.62 0.005
Ward 1 44.20a 39.37 - 49.14 37.42 32.84 - 42.24 0.022
Ward 2 35.88a 31.42 - 40.60 28.67 24.80 - 32.88 0.006
Ward 3 37.01 32.38 - 41.88 35.33 30.94 - 39.98 0.569
Ward 4 48.66 43.28 - 54.06 43.20 38.27 - 48.27 0.111
Ward 5 48.77 43.67 - 53.89 43.95 39.50 - 48.49 0.138
Ward 6 44.33a 39.13 - 49.66 37.89 33.05 - 42.98 0.047
Ward 7 52.69 47.57 - 57.74 48.91 44.00 - 53.84 0.238
Ward 8 51.61 46.89 - 56.30 48.03 43.56 - 52.53 0.221
Florida1 44.89a 43.53 - 46.27 47.62 46.18 - 49.06 0.006
Region A - Northwest -- -- - -- 42.56 39.90 - 45.26 --
Circuit 1 41.43 37.15 - 45.85 42.29 38.48 - 46.20 0.754
Circuit 2 -- -- - -- 43.30 39.06 - 47.64 --
Circuit 14 -- -- - -- 42.20 37.44 - 47.11 --
Region B - Northeast -- -- - -- 44.88 42.34 - 47.44 --
Circuits 3 and 8 -- -- - -- 42.24 38.08 - 46.51 --
Circuit 4 -- -- - -- 47.75 43.69 - 51.83 --
Circuit 7 -- -- - -- 42.97 38.93 - 47.11 --
Region C - Central -- -- - -- 45.37 43.12 - 47.64 --
Circuit 5 43.53 39.14 - 48.02 45.10 40.30 - 50.00 0.623
Circuit 9 -- -- - -- 47.54 44.10 - 51.00 --
Circuit 10 44.17 39.87 - 48.56 44.88 40.59 - 49.25 0.810
Circuit 18 -- -- - -- 42.63 38.46 - 46.92 --
Circuit 19 43.70 39.26 - 48.25 45.82 41.07 - 50.65 0.502
Region D - Southeast -- -- - -- 49.33 46.59 - 52.08 --
Circuit 15 (Palm Beach) 42.53 38.53 - 46.62 46.20 42.14 - 50.32 0.179
Circuit 17 (Broward) 44.93a 41.41 - 48.51 51.73 48.19 - 55.25 0.005
Region E - Sun Coast -- -- - -- 43.31 41.03 - 45.63 --
Circuit 6 -- -- - -- 40.68 36.68 - 44.80 --
Circuit 12 -- -- - -- 41.60 37.14 - 46.20 --
Circuit 13 (Hillsborough) -- -- - -- 46.38 42.73 - 50.06 --
Circuit 20 44.36 40.18 - 48.61 44.39 40.08 - 48.78 0.992
Region F - Southern (Circuits 11 and 16) 53.82a 50.83 - 56.79 62.73 59.61 - 65.74 0.000
Georgia 46.31 43.77 - 48.87 44.31 41.84 - 46.81 0.235
Region 1 -- -- - -- 42.89 38.89 - 47.00 --
Region 2 -- -- - -- 44.09 39.78 - 48.49 --
Region 3 -- -- - -- 45.00 41.09 - 48.97 --
Region 4 -- -- - -- 46.66 41.48 - 51.91 --
Region 5 -- -- - -- 45.50 40.43 - 50.66 --
Region 6 -- -- - -- 43.69 39.11 - 48.39 --
Hawaii 38.36 35.54 - 41.27 40.71 38.06 - 43.43 0.210
Hawaii Island 39.74 34.70 - 45.01 40.08 35.38 - 44.98 0.918
Honolulu 38.22 35.05 - 41.48 40.42 37.34 - 43.58 0.316
Kauai and Maui 37.95 33.23 - 42.90 42.48 38.08 - 47.01 0.133
Kauai -- -- - -- 40.16 34.63 - 45.94 --
Maui -- -- - -- 43.50 38.24 - 48.91 --
Idaho 39.81 37.38 - 42.29 38.49 36.04 - 41.00 0.415
Region 1 36.10 31.78 - 40.66 36.53 31.84 - 41.49 0.887
Region 2 39.47 34.54 - 44.62 35.02 30.36 - 39.99 0.137
Region 3 39.57 35.35 - 43.96 40.13 35.74 - 44.68 0.846
Region 4 38.48 34.78 - 42.31 36.76 32.87 - 40.83 0.521
Region 5 42.73 38.11 - 47.49 41.21 36.70 - 45.87 0.609
Region 6 42.04 37.12 - 47.13 38.52 34.06 - 43.17 0.261
Region 7 42.60 37.88 - 47.45 41.90 37.40 - 46.54 0.811
Illinois 39.68b 38.29 - 41.08 41.43 40.02 - 42.86 0.070
Region I (Cook) 42.62 40.48 - 44.78 43.09 40.87 - 45.33 0.756
Region II 37.38a 35.08 - 39.74 42.15 39.89 - 44.44 0.003
Region III 36.56 33.56 - 39.67 37.79 34.70 - 40.98 0.555
Region IV 38.30 34.79 - 41.94 37.98 34.46 - 41.62 0.894
Region V 38.24 34.96 - 41.63 38.93 35.70 - 42.26 0.770
Indiana 41.39 38.87 - 43.95 38.65 36.16 - 41.20 0.107
Central 41.97 37.94 - 46.10 40.21 36.10 - 44.46 0.524
East 40.09 35.35 - 45.03 38.53 34.05 - 43.22 0.612
North Central 40.58 36.14 - 45.17 37.79 33.32 - 42.47 0.363
Northeast 42.07b 37.45 - 46.82 36.91 32.40 - 41.66 0.080
Northwest 42.69 37.91 - 47.61 40.58 36.00 - 45.33 0.493
Southeast 44.28a 39.30 - 49.37 38.13 33.52 - 42.96 0.049
Southwest 38.27 33.15 - 43.66 38.82 33.89 - 43.99 0.866
West 39.78 35.40 - 44.33 36.18 31.92 - 40.67 0.203
Iowa 35.23 32.83 - 37.70 36.46 34.00 - 38.99 0.436
Central 36.57 32.23 - 41.15 38.25 34.18 - 42.50 0.559
North Central 33.40 29.11 - 37.98 37.76 32.97 - 42.80 0.152
Northeast 34.82 31.11 - 38.72 33.93 30.08 - 38.01 0.728
Northwest 36.71 32.35 - 41.30 36.65 32.13 - 41.41 0.983
Southeast 34.84 30.89 - 39.01 36.21 32.20 - 40.42 0.594
Southwest 34.42 29.72 - 39.44 38.17 33.43 - 43.14 0.241
Kansas 39.67 37.09 - 42.30 38.04 35.54 - 40.61 0.323
Kansas City Metro 41.03 37.33 - 44.83 38.03 34.48 - 41.72 0.231
Northeast 37.23 32.89 - 41.78 36.81 32.47 - 41.36 0.886
South Central 38.04 33.48 - 42.82 36.94 32.28 - 41.84 0.720
Southeast 38.86 33.76 - 44.22 37.58 32.78 - 42.64 0.691
West 41.07 36.26 - 46.05 39.75 35.01 - 44.70 0.664
Wichita (Sedgwick) 40.61 36.29 - 45.09 39.37 35.13 - 43.77 0.656
Kentucky 41.35 38.74 - 44.01 42.25 39.65 - 44.90 0.615
Adanta, Cumberland River, and Lifeskills 43.89 39.33 - 48.55 43.55 39.17 - 48.03 0.910
Bluegrass, Comprehend, and North Key 40.74 36.93 - 44.65 38.66 34.65 - 42.83 0.431
Communicare and River Valley 39.43 34.74 - 44.32 43.10 38.35 - 47.98 0.245
Four Rivers and Pennyroyal 42.77 37.39 - 48.32 43.33 38.47 - 48.32 0.866
Kentucky River, Mountain, and Pathways 43.92 38.96 - 49.01 42.86 37.65 - 48.23 0.750
Seven Counties 39.00b 34.77 - 43.40 44.80 40.49 - 49.20 0.060
Louisiana 42.35 39.99 - 44.75 43.31 40.85 - 45.81 0.559
Regions 1 and 10 -- -- - -- 43.89 40.05 - 47.82 --
Region 1 43.56 38.76 - 48.48 44.59 39.75 - 49.54 0.750
Region 10 (Jefferson) 40.83 36.11 - 45.71 43.20 38.27 - 48.27 0.461
Regions 2 and 9 42.21 38.54 - 45.97 41.49 37.64 - 45.46 0.784
Region 3 39.36 34.47 - 44.48 44.36 39.63 - 49.20 0.110
Regions 4, 5, and 6 -- -- - -- 42.19 38.23 - 46.26 --
Regions 7 and 8 45.36 41.35 - 49.43 46.18 42.05 - 50.37 0.763
Maine1 36.