Displaying 38 total results.
Anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress in Iranian survivors of chemical warfare - Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)
This article presents findings from a survey conducted with 153 civilians in three towns in Iran to examine the mental health effects on survivors after exposure to chemical warfare. [Citation: Hashemian F, Khoshnood K, Desai MM, Falahati F, Kasl S, Southwick S. Anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress in Iranian survivors of chemical warfare. JAMA. 2006 Aug 2;296(5):560-6.]
ASTHO Legal preparedness series emergency volunteer toolkit - Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO)
This toolkit provides state and federal officials, as well as emergency and disaster preparedness directors and coordinators, with key emergency response volunteer concepts and key federal and state law regulations about emergency volunteers. The toolkit can be used as a resource for legal counsel regarding the deployment of volunteers during emergencies and for educational, training, and planning activities.
Bioterrorism - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
This section of the CDC's website provides links to information and resources on bioterrorism, including fact sheets on specific chemical agents.
Bioterrorism - Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
OSHA ensures safe and healthful working conditions by setting and enforcing standards, and by providing training, outreach, and education. This section of the OSHA website provides information and resources related to bioterrorism.
Bridging the gap in mental health approaches between East and West: The psychosocial consequences of radiation exposure - Environmental Health Perspectives
This article examines the social and psychological consequences of exposure to the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident. Based on findings from a literature review and consultation with experts, the authors describe the different approaches used by mental health professionals in the former Soviet Union and in the West to classify distress and disorders and design treatment programs. The article also provides recommendations for bridging these gaps.
Disaster mental health: Assisting people exposed to radiation - National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO)
This instructor manual provides information on events and risks associated with radiological exposure, features of radiation injury, main psychosocial issues related to radiological exposure, needs of special populations, evidence-based psychosocial interventions for radiological events (e.g., risk communication practices), and elements of self-care for first responders and public health professionals.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) - U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency (DHS, FEMA)
FEMA is the U.S. Government's principal agency charged with building and supporting the Nation's emergency management system.
Field guide for developing a risk communication strategy: From theory to action - World Health Organization, Pan American Health Organization (WHO, PAHO)
This 50-page document discusses risk communication in the five phases of a public health emergency: preparedness, emergency onset, containment, recovery, and evaluation.
From radiological incidents to nuclear calamities: Social, behavioral, and risk communication issues in radiation emergencies - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This article is based on a keynote address delivered by Dr. Steven M. Becker, a expert on disaster response. It discusses the reactions of people exposed to a radiological event and the importance of clear risk communications during this time. The article was featured in a 2013 issue of The Dialogue, a quarterly technical assistance journal on disaster behavioral health produced by the SAMHSA Disaster Technical Assistance Center. [Author: Moskowitz, S.]
General fact sheets on specific bioterrorism agents - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
This website provides links to fact sheets about bioterrorism agents, such as anthrax, botulism, brucellosis, plague, smallpox, tularemia, and viral hemorrhagic fevers.
Improving rural community preparedness for the chronic health consequences of bioterrorism and other public health emergencies - Journal of Public Health Management and Practice
This paper examines the impact of public health emergencies on the healthcare needs of people who live in rural areas. The authors provide recommendations for assessing preparedness and ensuring the availability, quality, and continuity of healthcare services for rural residents in the aftermath of a bioterrorism or other public health emergency. [Citation: Dobalian A, Tsao JC, Putzer GJ, Menendez SM. Improving rural community preparedness for the chronic health consequences of bioterrorism and other public health emergencies. J Public Health Manag Pract. 2007 Sep-Oct;13(5):476-80.]
Improvised nuclear device response and recovery: Communicating in the immediate aftermath - U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency (DHS, FEMA)
This document is a resource is for emergency responders and federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial officials charged with communicating with the public in the immediate aftermath of an improvised nuclear detonation in the United States. It provides information, instructions, and messages that emergency responders can share with the general public in the initial moments following the explosion, before federal assistance arrives.
Introduction to risk communication - Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
This online training, developed by the Johns Hopkins University Center for Public Health Preparedness, provides information on how to best share disaster-related information with the public and how people process this type of information.
IS-317 Introduction to Community Emergency Response Teams - U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency (DHS, FEMA)
The Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) program provides a general overview of disaster preparedness and weapons of mass destruction. This online training is the first step for individuals who are interested in being involved in disaster preparedness and response. The website notes that in order to become a volunteer, individuals must also complete a classroom training offered by a local government agency.
Legal preparedness for public health emergencies: A model for minimum competencies for mid-tier public health professionals - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
The document presents a model set of minimum competencies in public health emergency law for mid-tier public health professionals. The model includes nine key competencies in three domains: systems preparedness and response, management and protection of property and supplies, and management and protection of persons.
Long-term effects of sulfur mustard on civilians' mental health 20 years after exposure (the Sardasht-Iran Cohort Study) - Health and Quality Life Outcomes
The authors assess the long-term psychological effects on civilians who were exposed to sulfur mustard gas. Many civilians reported emotional distress even 20 years after exposure.
Long-term psychological and occupational effects of providing hospital healthcare during SARS outbreak - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
The paper presents findings from a survey of health care workers at nine hospitals in Toronto, Canada, following the 2003 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Results showed that workers who treated SARS patients were more likely than other workers to experience long-term adverse outcomes, such as burnout, psychological distress, and posttraumatic stress. [Citation: Maunder RG, Lancee WJ, Balderson KE, Bennett JP, Borgundvaag B, Evans S, Fernandes CM, Goldbloom DS, Gupta M, Hunter JJ, McGillis Hall L, Nagle LM, Pain C, Peczeniuk SS, Raymond G, Read N, Rourke SB, Steinberg RJ, Stewart TE, VanDeVelde-Coke S, Veldhorst GG, Wasylenki DA. Long-term psychological and occupational effects of providing hospital healthcare during SARS outbreak. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 Dec;12(12):1924-32.]
Mass Violence and Early Mental Health Intervention: A proposed application of best practice guidelines to chemical, biological, and radiological attacks - Military Medicine
This article applies principles of early mental health intervention to a hypothetical scenario involving the explosion of a bomb loaded with the biological agent anthrax at a location near the Pentagon. It describes lists the key components of early intervention, as well as the long-term interventions needed to address the mental health issues that may arise after an attack. [Citation: Ritchie EC, Friedman M, Watson P, Ursano R, Wessely S, Flynn B. Mass violence and early mental health intervention: a proposed application of best practice guidelines to chemical, biological, and radiological attacks. Mil Med. 2004 Aug;169(8):575-9.]
Mental health of populations exposed to biological and chemical weapons - World Health Organization (WHO)
This document is intended to help low-income and middle-income countries strengthen their preparedness and response plans, with a focus on the social and mental health consequences of biological and chemical attacks.
Planning for psychosocial and behavioral health in a radiological/nuclear event - National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO)
This PowerPoint presentation, developed for a panel meeting, describes the range of reactions that individuals may experience in the aftermath of radiation disasters and discusses challenges in response planning.
Preparation and planning for chemical emergencies - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
This section of the CDC website lists several online preparedness resources that are specific to chemical emergencies.
Psychological and behavioral impacts of bioterrorism - PTSD Research Quarterly
This literature review discusses the emotional impacts of exposure to disasters and terrorist attacks, and notes the lack of research on the psychological effects of exposure to chemical and biological events. The article includes a list of selected abstracts from relevant journal articles. [Authors: Hall, M. J., Norwood, A. E., Ursano, R. J., Fullerton, C. S., & Levinson, C. J.]
Psychological and behavioral issues healthcare providers need to know when treating patients following a radiation event - Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (USUHS, CSTS)
This fact sheet offers information on triage, early psychological interventions, and patient education to help disaster responders help themselves, colleagues, and survivors of a radiological incident.
Psychological first aid in radiation disasters - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
This online training is designed for public health officials, planners, clinicians, mental health professionals, educators, and others involved in planning for response to mass casualty radiation emergencies. The course defines radiation disasters, describes the role of public health and the public health community, identifies the unique psychological effects of these disasters, and presents skills and techniques for performing psychological first aid. Additional related courses are available at https://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/training.asp.
Questions and answers about ricin - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
This webpage explains what ricin is, its use as a biological weapon, the symptoms of ricin poisoning, and long-term effects.
Radiation emergencies: Information for clinicians - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
This website section includes information that can help emergency services physicians and nurses manage patients and understand and treat injuries after radiation emergencies.
Radiation emergency medical management: Guidance on diagnosis and treatment for healthcare providers - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
This website provides guidance and information for health care providers, primarily physicians, on how to respond to a radiation event. It also offers information for first responders.
Responding to a biological or chemical threat: A practical guide - U.S. Department of State (DOS)
This pamphlet discusses the characteristics of chemical and biological terrorist threats, suggests ways to detect them, and provides strategies for protection and decontamination.
Responding to chemical, biological, or nuclear terrorism: The indirect and long-term health effects may present the greatest challenge - Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
This article discusses the long-term health and psychological effects of a chemical, biological, or nuclear attack on the public, and provides recommendations for addressing the consequences of these events. Citation: Hyams KC, Murphy FM, Wessely S. Responding to chemical, biological, or nuclear terrorism: the indirect and long-term health effects may present the greatest challenge. J Health Polit Policy Law. 2002 Apr;27(2):273-91.]
Ricin - U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (DOL, OSHA)
This section of the OSHA web site explains what ricin is and how it can be used as a biological weapon, and highlights related OSHA standards and enforcement policies.
SARS control and psychological effects of quarantine, Toronto, Canada - Emerging Infectious Diseases
This study examined the psychological effects of quarantine via an online survey conducted with a convenience sample of 129 persons who were quarantined in Toronto, Canada, during the 2002-2003 SARS outbreak. More than 1 in 4 respondents reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. Factors associated with these psychological symptoms included being exposed to the virus or knowing someone who was diagnosed as having the disease. [Citation: Hawryluck L, Gold WL, Robinson S, Pogorski S, Galea S, Styra R. SARS control and psychological effects of quarantine, Toronto, Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Jul;10(7):1206-12.]
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Disaster Technical Assistance Center (SAMHSA DTAC) - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
SAMHSA DTAC supports the efforts of states, territories, tribes, and local entities to be prepared, so they are better able to deliver an effective behavioral health (mental health and substance abuse) response to disasters. SAMHSA DTAC provides guidance pertaining to the Federal Emergency Management Agency's Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training Program by facilitating information exchange and knowledge brokering by connecting technical assistance requestors to their peers and experts in the field. Last, SAMHSA DTAC has useful print and electronic materials in the Resource Collection about disaster behavioral health preparedness and response.
Terrorism - National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)
NCTSN's mission is to raise the standard of care and increase access to services for traumatized children and their families. The terrorism section of the NCTSN web site is designed to assist parents and families after a biological, chemical, or radiological terrorist attack.
The history of bioterrorism - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
This video describes how biological agents such as smallpox, anthrax, and viral hemorrhagic fevers have been or can be used as bioterrorist weapons.
The mental health consequences of terrorism: Implications for emergency medicine practitioners - Journal of Emergency Medical Services (JEMS)
This article describes the psychological symptoms that emergency physicians may see in patients in the aftermath of a terrorist event. It identifies mental health screening tools that may be used to refer patients to more formal psychiatric evaluation, and provides information on interventions that may facilitate and speed the recovery process. [Citation: Dimaggio C, Madrid PA, Loo GT, Galea S. The mental health consequences of terrorism: implications for emergency medicine practitioners. J Emerg Med. 2008 Aug;35(2):139-47. Epub 2007 Aug 7.]
United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission - U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission
NRC is an independent agency created by Congress to ensure the safe use of radioactive materials. The agency regulates commercial nuclear power plants and other uses of nuclear materials, such as in nuclear medicine, through licensing, inspection, and enforcement of its requirements.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
HHS is the U.S. Government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves.
Where to go in a radiation emergency - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
This infographic shows where to go and what to do in the event of a radiation emergency (i.e., get inside, stay inside, stay tuned for updated instructions from emergency response officials).