Displaying 55 total results.
A guide to managing stress in crisis response professions - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This is a pocket guide that provides first responders with information on signs and symptoms of stress and offers simple, practical techniques for minimizing stress responses prior to and during disaster response.
Addressing the needs of the seriously mentally ill in disaster - Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (USUHS, CSTS)
This 2-page tip sheet describes how people with serious mental illness may experience and respond to disasters. It identifies ways in which people with serious mental illness are more vulnerable than others in disasters and problems they may face. It also offers tips for helping people with serious mental illness and their families with disaster planning and in the aftermath of a disaster.
Alcohol misuse: Screening and behavioral counseling interventions in primary care - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
This webpage summarizes recommendations of the USPTF regarding screening people in primary care settings for alcohol misuse. In its "Related Information for Health Professionals" section, it includes links to PDF files describing several recommended screening tools for alcohol misuse and alcohol use disorder. Screening tools include the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test for Adolescents (AUDIT), CAGE, and the T-ACE, which is specifically for use with pregnant women.
American Psychological Association Disaster Resource Network - American Psychological Association (APA)
The APA Disaster Resource Network (DRN) consists of about 2,500 licensed psychologists in the United States and Canada with expertise in disaster behavioral health who volunteer in disaster preparedness, response, and recovery. Network members attend and support community preparedness meetings, support disaster survivors and response workers in building their resilience after a disaster, and track issues and achievements in response and recovery to make future efforts more effective. The webpage about the DRN includes information about becoming part of the DRN and how psychologists can help with disaster response.
Communicating in a crisis: Risk communication guidelines for public officials - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This is a pocket guide for public officials that provides the basic components of effective communication during a crisis. [HHS Publication No. SMA 02-3641]
Curbside Manner: Stress First Aid for the street - National Fallen Firefighters Foundation (NFFF)
This online course prepares first responders to use a set of principles and actions to meet the needs and promote the resilience of those they assist, including survivors of natural and human-caused disasters. The course includes video, a quiz, and a student manual. [Authors: Gist, R., Watson, P., Taylor, V., & Elvander, E.]
Detecting alcoholism: The CAGE questionnaire - Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)
The CAGE questionnaire is an easy-to-remember screening tool for detecting alcoholism. Public safety workers can use this tool to determine if someone they assist in the field is in need of treatment. [Citation: Ewing, J. JAMA. 1984; 232(14): 1905–1907.]
Disaster rescue and response workers - U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD (VA, PTSD)
This online article explains the different stressors that affect disaster response workers and provides tips on how to cope with stress during and after a disaster, and upon returning home from a disaster. [Authors: Young, B. H., Ford, J. D., & Watson, P. J.]
Disaster training - American Red Cross
This part of the American Red Cross (ARC) website describes ways for people to volunteer with ARC before, during, and after disasters to improve community physical and behavioral health outcomes. For those interested in serving as disaster volunteers with ARC, free online training modules are provided, including Disaster Mental Health: Introduction and Disaster Health and Sheltering for Nursing Students.
Disasters and substance abuse or dependence - U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD (VA, PTSD)
This webpage presents research findings on substance use or dependence following a disaster. The page shows rates of use of various substances after disasters and highlights research findings primarily related to post-disaster use and misuse of alcohol.
Early mental health intervention for disasters - U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD (VA, PTSD)
This online fact sheet contains information on initial mental health interventions that are in line with the basic principles of emergency care. The fact sheet also provides an overview of Psychological First Aid.
Emergency management on EHS Today - EHS Today
This part of the website EHS Today is an information resource for public and private leaders involved in the coordinated effort needed to enhance security, ensure domestic preparedness, and respond to emergencies. It includes news, events, and a corresponding e-newsletter.
Emergency responders: Tips for taking care of yourself - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
This webpage provides information for responders to disasters and other emergencies about the importance of stress prevention and management in their work and offers tips for building resilience and managing stress before, during, and after a response. Contact information for SAMHSA's Disaster Distress Helpline is also provided (its web address, https://www.samhsa.gov/find-help/disaster-distress-helpline; toll-free phone number, 1-800-985-5990; TTY, 1-800-846-8517; and how to reach the helpline via SMS—text TalkWithUs to 66746), as well as links to several SAMHSA resources.
Everyone goes home - 16 firefighter life safety initiatives: 13 psychological support - National Fallen Firefighters Foundation (NFFF)
A national program of the NFFF, the 16 Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives encompass management, research, and communication efforts in several areas to increase safety and well-being for firefighters and emergency medical services (EMS) personnel. Initiative 13 focuses on psychological support. The webpage dedicated to this initiative includes information about the psychological challenges involved in firefighting and EMS work, as well as links to posters, a model and assessment tool, a guide, and reports to help fire departments and EMS providers to support the psychological safety and health of their personnel.
First responders - U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate (DHS, S&T)
This DHS webpage for first responders describes the First Responders Group, which focuses on building the capacity of responder agencies across the country to learn from one another and access and deploy technologies to expedite and improve their work. The webpage includes links to publications, first responder communities of practice, events, and funding and training resources.
Guidelines for coping with disaster and mass casualty - Association of Professional Chaplains
This tip sheet offers guidelines to disaster responders who are working with faith-based organizations.
Guidelines on notifying families of dead or missing loved ones - Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (USUHS, CSTS)
This 2-page tip sheet explains how notification of families that their relatives are missing or deceased typically works after a natural disaster, and it emphasizes the importance of working with local authorities on notification of families in a sensitive, appropriate way. It offers dos and don'ts for disaster responders helping local and national authorities to make families aware that their relatives are missing or dead following a disaster.
Headington Institute - Headington Institute
The Headington Institute offers a variety of training workshops, educational materials, and counseling and consulting services for humanitarian relief and development workers and emergency responders. It does work to support the well-being of responders and response organizations and the effectiveness of response efforts.
Helping children and adolescents cope with violence and disasters: What rescue workers can do - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health (HHS, NIH, NIMH)
This publication describes what rescue workers can do to help children and adolescents cope with violence, including terrorism, and natural disasters. It explains what trauma is, identifies common reactions to trauma in children and adolescents, lists ways for adults to help children cope with reactions to traumatic experiences, and provides additional information and links to resources about stress and trauma.
Helping survivors in the wake of disaster - U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD (VA, PTSD)
This online article offers information on common reactions to disasters, more severe reactions, and the goals for first responders in supporting disaster survivors. [Author: Watson, P. J.]
Indirect traumatization in professionals working with trauma survivors (for providers) - International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS)
This 4-page pamphlet defines and describes indirect trauma, which is sometimes also referred to as compassion fatigue or vicarious trauma. It explains how indirect traumatization occurs and suggests ways to cope with the experience as a disaster responder.
Individual resilience: Factsheet for responders - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (HHS, ASPR)
This online fact sheet notes the importance of resilience in coping with the stress of disaster response. It defines and describes individual resilience and lists ways for responders to build resilience before, during, and after deployment.
Journal of Emergency Medical Services - Journal of Emergency Medical Services (JEMS)
This website offers information for pre-hospital patient care, providing resources for emergency medical service (EMS) personnel to help them do their jobs better and more safely. The site features information about training, as well as news articles about major emergencies, medical issues, and administrative and leadership topics.
Let us take care of YOU! Health, safety, and resilience for disaster responders - U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (DOL, OSHA)
This online tip sheet provides physical and psychological safety tips for disaster responders. The webpage credits the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Resilience and Mental Health Team with supporting development of this resource.
Media management in body recovery from mass death - Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (USUHS, CSTS)
This brief tip sheet provides guidance on communicating with the media for responders serving communities affected by disasters that involved the death of many people. The tip sheet emphasizes the importance of preparation and of identifying a set number of people who will provide information to the media. It also offers tips specifically for media interviews.
Mobile App: PFA Mobile - U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD (VA, PTSD)
Compatible with iOS and Android devices, this mobile app is designed to support disaster responders in providing Psychological First Aid (PFA) in the field. The app features reviews of PFA guidelines, tips on providing PFA, and tools for tracking the needs of survivors.
National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians - National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians (NAEMT)
An organization with more than 50,000 members, NAEMT represents paramedics, emergency medical technicians, emergency medical responders, and other emergency medical services (EMS) professionals. The association promotes understanding of EMS practitioners, their roles, and their expertise; pay and benefits commensurate with the expertise of EMS practitioners; and policy that supports EMS practitioners and the people they serve. NAEMT offers continuing education, programs on health and safety for EMS personnel, online information about EMS careers, and an annual meeting.
National Center for PTSD - U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD (VA, PTSD)
This website is an educational resource that provides information about trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for a variety of audiences, including disaster responders. It contains the current edition of the Psychological First Aid Field Operations Guide, an essential tool for helping disaster survivors (http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/materials/manuals/psych-first-aid.asp); resources for responding to disasters; and responder stress management information.
Professional quality of life scale: Compassion satisfaction and fatigue version 5 (ProQOL) - ProQOL.org
The ProQOL is a commonly used measure of the negative and positive effects of helping others who have experienced suffering and trauma, including disaster survivors. The ProQOL has sub-scales for compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress.
Providing Psychological First Aid (PFA) - New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Office of Mental Health Disaster Preparedness and Response
This tip sheet provides information on how to apply PFA during and in the immediate aftermath of a disaster.
Psychological First Aid (PFA) online - National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)
Psychological First Aid (PFA) online is an interactive course in which the participant learns about PFA by taking on the role of a provider after a disaster. The course includes expert tips, videos, activities, and access to an online learning community.
Psychological First Aid field operations guide (second ed.) - National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)
This guide provides the details of Psychological First Aid (PFA), which it explains is "an evidence-informed modular approach for assisting children, adolescents, adults, and families in the aftermath of disaster and terrorism." PFA can be used by a range of people responding to disaster, including first responders, volunteers who are not mental health professionals, and clergy. Along with information about how to use PFA after a disaster, the guide includes sections on responder self-care and worksheets responders can use for tracking their interactions with survivors. Available in English, Spanish, Japanese, and Chinese. [Authors: Brymer, M., Jacobs, A., Layne, C., Pynoos, R., Ruzek, J., Steinberg, A., Vernberg, E., & Watson, P.]
Psychological First Aid for first responders: Tips for emergency and disaster response workers - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This pamphlet provides a brief explanation of Psychological First Aid for first responders and information for working in the field.
Psychological First Aid: How you can support well-being in disaster victims - Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (USUHS, CSTS)
This brief tip sheet provides an overview of Psychological First Aid (PFA), an approach to assisting disaster survivors in meeting their needs. It presents key principles of PFA and then lists dos and don'ts in keeping with the approach to help survivors to reconnect with important people in their lives, activate their resilience, and move toward greater adjustment and well-being after a disaster. Also available in Chinese at https://www.cstsonline.org/resources/resource-master-list/psychological-first-aid-chinese.
Radiation emergency medical management: Guidance on diagnosis and treatment for healthcare providers - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
This website provides guidance and information for health care providers, primarily physicians, on how to respond to a radiation event. It also offers information for first responders.
Ready responder - U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency (DHS, FEMA)
This webpage at FEMA's Ready.gov site provides guidance in preparedness for first responders. It presents an overview of disaster preparedness, followed by sections focused on preparedness for organizations, law enforcement, and firefighters. Also provided are links to resources including a community of practice, a toolkit, courses, and guides.
SAMHSA behavioral health disaster response mobile app - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and Android and BlackBerry devices, this app is designed to support responders in meeting the mental health and substance use-related (behavioral health) needs of disaster-affected communities. It can be used to access preparedness and response information and to find local behavioral health services for referrals.
Self-care for disaster behavioral health responders - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Disaster Technical Assistance Center (HHS, SAMHSA, DTAC)
This 60-minute webcast identifies types and sources of stress that disaster behavioral health responders may face, presents methods of self-care for responders, and notes ways that supervisors and managers of disaster behavioral health responders can support their teams in coping with stress. The slides are available at https://www.samhsa.gov/sites/default/files/podcasts-selfcare-dbhresponders-presentation.pdf.
Self-study: Understanding and addressing vicarious trauma - Headington Institute
According to this online training module, "vicarious trauma can be thought of as the negative changes that happen to humanitarian workers over time as they witness other people's suffering and need." The module discusses the signs of vicarious trauma and suggests what disaster responders should do if faced with vicarious trauma.
Stress first aid for fire and EMS personnel - National Fallen Firefighters Foundation (NFFF)
Available on a desktop computer or an iPad, this online course describes Stress First Aid (SFA) and prepares fire and emergency medical services (EMS) personnel to use this technique, which includes several actions that fire and EMS personnel can use to manage stress for themselves and their teams. The course features video, quizzes, and a document with real-world examples of use of SFA.
Surviving field stress for first responders [Online course] - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Agency for Toxic Substance & Diseases Registry (HHS, CDC, ATSDR)
This 2-hour online course covers stress management for first responders—including stress they experience in the field as they assist others as well as the stress people they help may be experiencing as a consequence of a disaster. The course consists of several segments that participants can complete at separate times, though they need to complete them in order to earn continuing education credit. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Public Health Training Network also contributed to the production of this course.
Sustaining caregiving and psychological well-being while caring for disaster victims - Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (USUHS, CSTS)
This 2-page tip sheet offers guidance specifically for disaster responders who are providing health care after a disaster. It identifies challenges in serving as a health care provider after a disaster, common psychological stressors, and ideas for managing stress while providing health care services to disaster survivors.
The role of emergency medical services providers in preventing suicide - Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC)
After a disaster or other potentially traumatic event, emergency medical services (EMS) providers may encounter people with thoughts of suicide or who have attempted suicide. This 8-page information and tip sheet guides EMS providers in reducing the risk of suicide among those they serve, responding to people who have attempted suicide, and supporting survivors of suicide loss.
Tips for disaster responders: Cultural awareness when working in Indian country post disaster - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This 4-page tip sheet notes the diversity of Native American cultures in the United States, presents some general commonalities across Native American cultures and societies, explains historical trauma and how tribes may think about and respond to disasters, and suggests ways to support tribal communities that have experienced disasters. References and related resources are listed.
Tips for disaster responders: Identifying substance misuse in the responder community - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This fact sheet offers information for disaster responders to help them identify signs of substance use among their peers. It describes physical and emotional, social and behavioral, and mental signs of possible substance misuse. The fact sheet also presents tips for responders seeking help for themselves and for those who want to reach out to a friend or coworker they think may be having substance use issues.
Tips for disaster responders: Preventing and managing stress - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This 4-page tip sheet notes the importance of developing stress management skills before responding to a disaster, as well as using these skills in coping with the stress often involved in deployment for disaster response. It suggests steps to take before, during, and after deployment; identifies signs of stress; and lists sources of additional support. Also available in Spanish at http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Disaster-Responders-Preventing-And-Managing-Stress-Spanish-Version-/SMA14-4873SPANISH. [HHS Publication No. SMA-14-4873]
Tips for disaster responders: Returning to work - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This 4-page tip sheet suggests ways for disaster responders to manage the transition back to work after deployment for a response effort. It suggests ways to bolster personal resilience and address issues responders commonly encounter when returning to work, and it presents signs of the need for additional mental health or substance use-related support. Also available in Spanish at http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Disaster-Responders-Returning-to-Work-Spanish-Version-/SMA14-4870SPANISH. [HHS Publication No. SMA14-4870]
Tips for disaster responders: Understanding compassion fatigue - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This 4-page tip sheet describes compassion fatigue and its components, burnout and secondary traumatic stress. It offers tips for coping with compassion fatigue, and it also describes compassion satisfaction and notes ways to foster compassion satisfaction among members of your response team. Also available in Spanish at http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Disaster-Responders-Understanding-Compassion-Fatigue-Spanish-Version-/SMA14-4869SPANISH. [HHS Publication No. SMA14-4869]
Tips for disaster responders: Understanding historical trauma when responding to an event in Indian Country - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This 4-page tip sheet defines historical trauma, explains historical trauma in American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) cultures and communities, and provides tips to help responders prepare to support AIAN communities that have been affected by disasters.
Tips for families of returning disaster responders: Adjusting to life at home - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
Disaster responders can provide this 4-page tip sheet to their families. It describes aspects of the transition families go through when a member returns home after a disaster deployment. It also suggests ways that family members other than the responder can navigate the transition and support the responder in coping with his or her return home. Also available in Spanish at http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Families-of-Returning-Disaster-Responders-Adjusting-To-Life-At-Home-Spanish-Version-/SMA14-4872SPANISH. [HHS Publication No. SMA14-4872]
Tips for supervisors of disaster responders: Helping staff manage stress when returning to work - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)
This 4-page tip sheet provides guidance for managers in supporting members of their team who return from disaster deployment, as well as other members of their team who are adjusting to the return of the disaster responder. It suggests ways to foster individual resilience, build supports into the work environment, help address issues common among disaster responders returning to work, and identify and follow up with staff members who may need additional mental health and substance use-related support. Also available in Spanish at http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Supervisors-of-Disaster-Responders-Helping-Staff-Manage-Stress-When-Returning-To-Work-Spanish-Version-/SMA14-4871SPANISH. [HHS Publication No. SMA14-4871]
Traumatic incident stress: Information for emergency response workers - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (HHS, CDC, NIOSH)
This online fact sheet highlights the physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral symptoms that disaster responders may experience after a disaster. It includes tips and resources to assist responders in taking care of their own emotional health.
Travelers' health: Humanitarian aid workers - U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)
This webpage provides information for people who are traveling out of the United States to support individuals and communities, including those that have been affected by disasters. It suggests steps for humanitarian aid workers to take before, during, and after travel to protect their physical and behavioral health.
Understanding how victims respond during a disaster - Corporation for National and Community Service
This webpage provides information for volunteers about how people often respond to disasters and briefly identifies practices volunteers can use for providing assistance to disaster survivors.
Working with trauma survivors: What workers need to know - U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD (VA, PTSD)
This tip sheet explains why it is important to understand the different types of traumatic stress and the risk of burnout when working with trauma survivors. It describes burnout, secondary traumatic stress, compassion stress, and compassion fatigue, and suggests ways to mitigate and manage the stress that disaster responders may experience through their work.