Resilience & Stress Management

This installment of the SAMHSA Disaster Behavioral Health Information Series (DBHIS) focuses on resilience, or the ability of a person, family, organization, or community to cope with and adapt to challenges or setbacks. Topics covered include but are not limited to the following:

  • The concept of resilience, and how a person, organization, or community can enhance resilience
  • The concepts of stress and stress management
  • Guidance on stress management for individuals, children and youth, families, workers, people under financial stress, and others

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University of California, San Francisco, Human Resources

Through its employee assistance program, the University of California, San Francisco explains resilience, the factors contributing to resiliency, and strategies for building resilience.

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)

Founded in 1930, the American Academy of Pediatrics today is an organization with 64,000 pediatrician members that works to ensure health and well-being from birth through young adulthood. The organization provides clinical and policy guidance, advocates for key issues in the health of young people, supports research, runs community initiatives, and publishes materials on a range of topics.

American Institute of Stress

The American Institute of Stress is a nonprofit organization established in 1978 to serve as a clearinghouse for information on all stress-related subjects. It maintains a regularly updated library of information on stress-related topics.

American Psychological Association (APA)

The mission of APA is to advance the creation, communication and application of psychological knowledge to benefit society and improve people's lives. The APA has created many publications on stress and stress management and provides users with resources on related topics.

American Psychological Association (APA)

The Section on Positive Psychology of Division 17 of the American Psychological Association encourages, promotes, and facilitates contributions to research, teaching, practice, and public interest in positive psychology. According to the section website, positive psychology "involves an attempt to move toward a more balanced perspective on human functioning that considers motives, capacities, and human potentials."

American Psychological Association (APA)

This press release covers findings from the American Psychological Association's 2008 Stress in America survey. Key findings include that the financial downturn at the time was a significant stressor on Americans, particularly on women, and that stress people were experiencing was affecting their health and activities aimed at managing stress. The release also provides stress management tips.

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

This is a guide for communities to help them improve their capacity to respond effectively to disasters and terrorism. It includes information, suggestions, and resources for nine sectors, including business, cultural and faith-based groups and organizations, and first responders. [Authors: Gurwitch, R. H., Pfefferbaum, B., Montgomery, J. M., Klomp, R. W., and Reissman, D. B.]

Ozarks Technical Community College

This is an informational document with tips and ideas for students who want to build resilience to manage stress. [Author: Thomas, J. R.]

University of Missouri Extension

This course module covers the topic of family stress. Aimed at working families with children, it presents activities that can help individuals monitor and reduce stress levels and associated symptoms, as well as information about the benefits of relaxation techniques.

Washington State Emergency Management Division

This workbook from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation offers a PowerPoint presentation and a variety of resources to help business become better prepared for a disaster. It includes tips for disaster preparedness and a preparedness checklist.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention serves as the national hub of efforts to develop and apply disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and health education activities to improve the health of the people of the United States.

University of Missouri Extension

The authors briefly explain stress and stressors and share a worksheet designed to assist individuals with tracking daily stressors. [Authors: Barakat, I. S., and Clark, J. A.]

University of Illinois Extension, Disaster Resources

This guide can help teachers understand how children react to natural disasters. The authors share strategies and activities teachers can implement to help students cope with their feelings.

State of Missouri

This guide explains the CART system of community resilience, which engages community organizations in collecting and using assessment data to develop and implement strategies for building community resilience. The CART Integrated System and tools can assist community organizations in assessing their communities with respect to disaster prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery.

International Consortium for Organizational Resilience (ICOR)

In this online article, ICOR presents a model of a resilient community called the Community Resilience Framework. The organization also presents and discusses each of the elements of the framework.

University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Terrorism and Disaster Center

This 87-slide module focuses on stress, coping, and resilience in general, in different cultures, and in children and adolescents. [Authors: Wind, L., and Marshall, M.]

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

These fact sheets from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network discuss challenging financial circumstances and economic hardships that can negatively affect youth, families, and communities. The series offers practical ways to address the challenges during economic hardships by improving a sense of safety, calming, self- and community efficacy, connectedness, and hope.

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

This fact sheet from the NCTSN discusses challenging financial circumstances and economic hardships that can negatively affect youth and families. It offers practical ways to address the challenges during economic hardships by improving a sense of safety, calming, self- and community efficacy, connectedness, and hope.

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

These fact sheets from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network discuss challenging financial circumstances and economic hardships that can negatively affect youth, families, and communities. The series offers practical ways to address the challenges during economic hardships by improving a sense of safety, calming, self- and community efficacy, connectedness, and hope.

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)

These fact sheets from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network discuss challenging financial circumstances and economic hardships that can negatively affect youth, families, and communities. The series offers practical ways to address the challenges during economic hardships by improving a sense of safety, calming, self- and community efficacy, connectedness, and hope.

Management Today

The author of this article explains the different ways of coping with adversity and what business owners need to know to ensure their business is resilient in slow economic times. [Author: Warner R.]

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health (HHS, OWH)

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health (OWH) was established in 1991. According to its website, it works to improve the health and sense of well-being of all U.S. women and girls. It aims to promote health equity for women and girls through sex- and gender-specific approaches. OWH develops programs, educates health professionals, and disseminates health information to motivate behavior change in the public.

American Psychological Association (APA)

This fact sheet suggests positive ways for parents to talk with their children about the economy and its effects on the household.

American Psychological Association (APA)

The American Psychological Association lists stressors specific to fatherhood and shares tips for managing it and recognizing when talking to a mental health professional may help.

American Psychological Association (APA)

This web page provides simple and effective ways to build personal resiliency.

GirlsHealth.gov

This site, developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office on Women's Health (OWH), was created to help girls (ages 10-16) learn about health, growing up, and issues they may face. It focuses on health topics about which girls are concerned and helps motivate them to choose healthy behaviors by using positive, supportive, and nonthreatening messages. The site gives girls reliable, useful information on the health issues they will face as they become young women and tips on handling relationships with family and friends at school and at home.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)

This online article provides information about children's reactions to disasters and suggests ways for parents to help children cope with their feelings.

American Psychological Association (APA)

This web page discusses the warning signs of stress in children and teens, how youth tend to express stress, and when to seek professional help.

International Consortium for Organizational Resilience (ICOR)

The International Consortium for Organizational Resilience offers professional development, training, and credentialing; an online library; and membership to help professionals increase the resilience of their organizations and communities.

International Stress Management Association

The International Stress Management Association is a nonprofit organization dedicated to making the world a less stressful place. It seeks to advance the education of professionals and students, facilitate sound research in several professional interdisciplinary stress management fields, and improve human welfare by providing the tools to understand and manage stress.

University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley HR

Individuals dealing with layoffs or unemployment can use the information on this webpage to help understand the grieving process and to learn about coping with the stress of job loss.

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress (USUHS, CSTS)

This fact sheet provides tips for team leaders on how to monitor and minimize their stress when managing teams during traumatic events.

American Psychological Association (APA)

This fact sheet discusses common physical symptoms of stress.

Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience Project (LACCDR)

Supported by entities including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the RAND Corporation, this project is an effort to understand and increase community resilience to disasters, pandemics, and other public health emergencies. Its website features tools that communities across the United States may find useful.

Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience Project (LACCDR)

This LACCDR work plan offers questions and worksheets as a guide for communities and organizations seeking to build resilience.

American Psychological Association (APA)

The American Psychological Association offers pointers for stress management during economic downturns.

Mayo Clinic

The Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit medical practice dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of virtually every type of complex illness. The organization provides information on a range of health topics at its website, including stress management.

American Psychological Association (APA)

This fact sheet can help individuals experiencing stress at work understand how the body and mind react to such stress and learn about coping skills. The authors also share a link to an online "Stress Smarts" quiz.

National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)

The National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) is a nationwide, grassroots mental health organization. NAMI offers educational programs, advocates for individuals and families affected by mental illness, and operates a toll-free helpline.

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Center for PTSD (VA, PTSD)

This website is an educational resource that provides information about trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for a variety of audiences, including disaster responders. It contains the current edition of the Psychological First Aid Field Operations Guide, an essential tool for helping disaster survivors (https://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/treat/type/psych_firstaid_manual.asp); resources for responding to disasters; and responder stress management information.

National Education Association (NEA)

According to its web site, "the National Education Association (NEA), the nation's largest professional employee organization, is committed to advancing the cause of public education. NEA's 3 million members work at every level of education - from preschool to university graduate programs." The NEA supports every level of involvement with schools from volunteers to superintendents.

Organizational Resilience International, LLC

Organizational Resilience International provides consultation and training to organizations to help them plan and prepare for and respond to disasters. The company's experience includes work related to September 11, 2001; Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Andrew; and a 2005 earthquake in Pakistan with a death toll of approximately 80,000. Its website includes information about disaster preparedness and response and links to related resources.

State of West Virginia

This 54-slide module explains resiliency, personal resiliency, characteristics of a resilient child, community resiliency, and what mental health providers can do to assist in creating more resilient communities. [Author: Kelly, S.]

New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Rutgers University

This 28-question quiz assesses how resilient an individual is in his or her financial, social, and personal areas of life.

Mayo Clinic

This fact sheet shares information about positive thinking and self-talk as methods of stress management.

SAMHSA Disaster Technical Assistance Center (DTAC)

Developed for disaster behavioral health professionals, this podcast defines and describes retraumatization, presents ways to avoid retraumatization, and suggests methods of coping if retraumatization occurs.

U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Ready.gov

FEMA shares five steps for developing a business preparedness program.

Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC)

This fact sheet is designed for people presenting information to the media or responding to media inquiries about the relationship between economic upheaval and possible increases in suicides. The points in the fact sheet may also be used to help with suicide prevention activities. The authors include a brief background on recent economic turmoil, facts regarding financial stress, and links to helpful resources.

Mayo Clinic

This collection of relaxation techniques is designed for individuals to use when stress levels increase.

American Psychological Association (APA)

This guide offers strategies for teens to develop their own resiliency.

American Psychological Association (APA)

This resource is for parents and other caregivers to help children (preschool through high school) to build resilience. It includes practical steps for managing stress and uncertainty. It is also available in Spanish at http://www.apa.org/centrodeapoyo/guia.aspx.

Mayo Clinic

This online article explains resilience and its benefits and provides tips for building personal resilience.

American Psychological Association (APA)

This press release reports on findings in 2007 of the annual Stress in America survey commissioned by the American Psychological Association. According to the release, the survey found that nearly half of Americans thought their stress had increased over the last 5 years, the housing crisis at the time was affecting stress levels, and Americans were using both healthy and unhealthy ways to try to manage stress. The release includes a link to a full report on the 2007 findings.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (HHS, CDC)

This web page describes the foci of research on job stress conducted by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), as well as how job stress research fits into the broader research agenda within and beyond NIOSH. The page includes links to a bibliographic database that includes job stress research, related resources, and other NIOSH web pages about stress at work.

American Institute of Stress

This web page discusses 50 possible signs of stress and how stress affects the body.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Presents 2012 data from an annual nationwide survey that measures attitudes and perceptions of stress among the general public and identifies leading sources of stress, common behaviors used for stress prevention and management and the impact of stress on our lives.

American Psychological Association (APA)

This article explains how different work stressors (e.g., sense of powerlessness, staying in a job that doesn't fit qualifications) can contribute to workplace stress.

Mental Health America of Jackson County

This online article provides basic information about stress, lists signs of stress, and offers ideas and links for stress management.

Iowa State University Extension and Outreach

This fact sheet is designed for individuals coping with job loss. The authors include information on strategies for family communication, self-care, and management of family finances during unemployment.

Human Development and Family Studies Program, Iowa State University Extension

The authors share tips for parents and caregivers interested in teaching children how to handle stress.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)

Established by Congress in 1992 and part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, SAMHSA is charged with reducing the impact of substance abuse and mental illness in the United States.

Queensland Government Business and Industry Portal, Australia

This guide offers information on assessing your performance, using risk management to monitor business performance, managing finances, and strengthening your business in an economic downturn.

Family Caregiver Alliance

This fact sheet provides caregivers with stress management techniques and coping strategies.

American Psychological Association (APA)

The American Psychological Association discusses the high stress level of teens and what parents can do to recognize the warning signs of stress in their teens, how to help them cope with it, and when to seek professional help.

American Psychological Association (APA)

The authors share ways teens can cope with stress, such as getting enough rest, exercising, and talking with a trusted adult.

Canadian Centre for Community Renewal

Developed in British Columbia to help rural communities in decline, this manual provides guidance for communities interested in increasing their resilience. It defines community resilience and helps readers assess and understand resilience in their community, prioritize goals so that communities can allocate resources as effectively as possible, and develop plans to increase the resilience of their community.

Gartner Research

This fact sheet discusses five components of resilience in the workplace: leadership, culture, people, systems, and settings. [Author: Bell, M.]

American Psychological Association (APA)

This web page from the American Psychological Association defines resilience, lists ways to build resilience, and identifies sources to help readers develop resilience. It presents the development of resilience as a process people engage in, and resilience itself as a quality they strengthen over time.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHS, SAMHSA)

This 4-page tip sheet notes the importance of developing stress management skills before responding to a disaster, as well as using these skills in coping with the stress often involved in deployment for disaster response. It suggests steps to take before, during, and after deployment; identifies signs of stress; and lists sources of additional support. Also available in Spanish at http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Disaster-Responders-Preventing-.... [HHS Publication No. SMA-14-4873]

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services (HHS, SAMHSA, CMHS)

This tip sheets lists common signs of stress after disasters or other traumas, including emotional, physical, behavioral, and cognitive indicators. It also offers ideas for managing stress and lists resources, including treatment locators and hotlines, for more support. Also available in Spanish at http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Tips-for-Survivors-of-a-Disaster-or-Othe...

Symantec Corporation

This tip sheet offers 10 ways to secure businesses against cyber risk and threats.

American Federation of Teachers (AFT)

This brochure describes harmful workplace stress and notes that this type of stress is its focus. It includes risk factors for job stress, signs and symptoms of stress, suggestions for managing stress, and an assessment tool to help readers figure out their level of job stress. Although designed for teachers, this brochure is applicable to people in many professions.

World Health Organization (WHO)

WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. WHO is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing health trends.

Last Updated: 12/10/2015