SAMHSA’s Projects for Assistance in Transition from Homelessness (PATH) funds services for people with serious mental illness (SMI) experiencing homelessness.
SAMHSA’s PATH program is a formula grant authorized by the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Amendments Act of 1990. PATH, the first major federal legislative response to homelessness, is administered by the SAMHSA Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS). Learn more about block grants.
PATH grants are distributed annually to all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Each state or territory solicits proposals and awards funds to local public or nonprofit organizations, known as PATH providers.
Supported Activities for PATH
Across the United States, 489 local organizations offer an array of essential services and supports that may not be supported by mainstream mental health programs. In total, PATH staff reached out to 189,336 individuals in 2015 and served 90,054 PATH-eligible clients with the following services:
- Outreach services
- Screening and diagnostic treatment
- Habilitation and rehabilitation
- Community mental health
- Substance use treatment
- Referrals for primary healthcare, job training, educational services, and housing
- Housing services as specified in Section 522(b)(10) of the Public Health Service Act
Some PATH providers offer all of these services, while others focus on providing one or two of them.
PATH Program Management
Each year, CMHS issues a funding opportunity announcement (FOA) prepared and submitted by PATH state contacts under the signature of the governor (or designee) of a state or territory. States and territories must complete the application included in the FOA to receive PATH funding. The FOA is available on the WebBGAS website, an online application system used for SAMHSA block grants and the PATH program. Applications are due 60 days from the release of the FOA and must be submitted through the WeBGAS site.
While the federal PATH application process for states and territories is noncompetitive, local public or nonprofit organizations may compete for grant award funding. Further, all PATH grant recipients, except U.S. territories, are required to contribute one dollar for every three dollars of federal money received.
PATH grant award recipients must adhere to specific requirements in order to maintain their funding. Government Project Officers (GPOs) are assigned to each state and territory by SAMHSA to assist PATH state contacts in managing the PATH program. GPOs address issues related to the PATH legislation, the PATH application, program monitoring, and other areas as needed.
Data Collection and PATH Data Exchange (PDX)
PATH providers are required to submit annual PATH data reports through the PATH Data Exchange (PDX), an online data collection tool. Each state or territory has a designated a PATH state contact who offers training and technical assistance to providers. PATH state contacts help providers prepare PATH data reports and use the PDX. State contacts also assist providers in administering local PATH programs.
Other SAMHSA Homelessness Programs and Services
SAMHSA’s targeted homelessness programs are part of SAMHSA’s Recovery Support Strategic Initiative. One goal of the strategic initiative is to increase access to permanent housing for people with mental and/or substance use disorders and their families. This effort aligns with the concept of safe and stable housing being a critical component of recovery. SAMHSA's homelessness programs support various behavioral health treatments and recovery-oriented services.
Other SAMHSA homelessness programs and services include:
- Cooperative Agreements to Benefit Homeless Individuals (CABHI)
- Grants for the Benefit of Homeless Individuals–Services in Supportive Housing (GBHI–SSH)
- SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access, and Recovery (SOAR)
Find information about current grant announcements.
Learn more about block grants